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. The instructions for the nine-man Pennsylvania delegation, which included John Dickinson
and Benjamin Franklin, were drawn up by a committee headed by Dickinson and adopted
by the Assembly on 9 Nov. The delegates were ordered to exert themselves to the utmost
to secure a redress of grievances in order to restore “Union and Harmony” between
the colonies and Great Britain. The most controversial provision instructed the delegates
to “dissent from, and utterly reject, any Propositions, should such be made, that
may cause, or lead to, a Separation from our Mother Country, or a Change of the Form
of this Government” (
, 8th ser., 8:7347, 7350, 7352–7353).