. Thomas Ivers (1730–1787) first was appointed assistant treasurer of Massachusetts in place of the treasurer,
Henry Gardner, who was ill, and then elected treasurer in October after Gardner's
death (Mass., Acts and Laws
, 2:287). Ivers served until his death in 1787. For Robert Morris' establishment of
the Bank of North America, which was formally incorporated on 31 Dec. 1781, see vol.