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Browsing: Diary of John Adams, Volume 1


Docno: ADMS-01-01-02-0010-0004-0005

Author: Adams, John
Date: 1766-05-29

Thurdsday, May 29th.

The Governor negatived Otis, Sparhawk, Dexter, Saunders, Gerrish and Bowers, and made the two Houses a most nitrous, sulphureous Speech.1
What will be the Consequence?
This morning in Hatch’s Office, Mr. Paxton came in. “This is the lazyest Town upon the Globe—poor, proud and lazy is the Character of this Town. They wont work. If the Neutrals2 were gone, there would be no body to throw the Water out of the long Boat in this Town.”
Trowbridge told Stories about the Virtue of some Neutrals—their strict Justice, there Aversion to Prophaneness &c. Paxton said they were never drunk, never disorderly, never before a Magistrate &c. &c. &c. All this from Goffe and Paxton, was meant in favour of roman Catholic Religion and civil slavery I doubt not.
Goffe said he had been reading the History of England, and he { 314 } found that there had always arisen Men to defend Liberty, in the same manner, and from the same Principles, as they do here.
He said further that for himself, he felt so happily after his Death,3 that he was pretty sure he had behaved well during his Lifetime. For himself, he was easy, but the poor Secretary is infirm; it will bear hard upon him. And for the Lieutenant Governor, now the Act is repeal’d, and considering how he has been used, instead of doing any Thing to make up his Loss, to leave him out of Council, and so to confirm in the Minds of the People a suspicion that he has been an Enemy to the Country, is very hard, for a Man who has behaved so well as he has.
1. See Mass., House Jour. , 1766–1767, p. 11–13. A principal theme of Bernard’s speech was that “the Inflammation of this Country has been a grand Object, with some Persons,” and the implication was that those whom he had negatived were among those “Persons.”
2. The Acadian refugees.
3. His political death, by his not being reelected to the Council.

Docno: ADMS-01-01-02-0010-0005-0001

Author: Adams, John
Date: 1766-06-20

June 20th. 1766.

Mem. to search the Books, with the Regard to the following Clause in the late Mr. Borlands Will, vizt. “Item, to my Son Francis Lindall Borland, who hath been long absent, and I fear is not now in Life, to him, if now living, I give all my Lands in Billerica, all my Lands in Sturbridge, my Messuage in Milk Street in Boston wherein Joseph Calef now lives, all the said Lands and Messuage to my said Son Francis Lindall and his Heirs forever. I give him allso the Sum of one Thousand Pounds l.M. of this Province, and my small Diamond Ring and my Gold Watch.”
John Borland is afterwards made Residuary Legatee in these Words “Item, all the Rest and Residue of my Estate, real and personal, where-soever the same may be, I give to my Son John his Heirs and Assigns for ever.”
Q. Is this a lapsed Legacy? If a lapsed Legacy it must be parted and distributed among Francis Borlands Right Heirs.
But, I observe the Devise and Legacy is to him, if living. It has never yet been proved, probably never will be, that he was then dead, but admitting it certain he was not then living, would it follow that the Residuary Clause comprehended and extended to John what was before given conditionally to Francis.

Docno: ADMS-01-01-02-0010-0006-0001

Author: Adams, John
Date: 1766-07-21

[21] July 1766.1

Monday after Commencement. Last Saturday, I accidentally found a curious Volume, which Oaks Angier found in a Chest of Books be { 315 } longing to an Uncle of his who died 45 Years ago. The Title Page and all the rest is gone till you come to the 18th. Page. It seems to be a Collection of Pamphlets, published in the memorable Year 1640, bound up together, in one Quarto Volume.
Lord Digbies Speech. 9. Novr. 1640, concerning Grievances and the Triennial Parliament.
Lord Digbies Speech Jany. 19. 1640 to the Bill for Triennial Parliaments.
Nathl. Fiennes his Speech 9th. Feby. 1640. concerning the Londoners Petition, and the Government of the Church by Archbishops, Bishops &c.
Francis Rous Esqrs. Speech before the Lords March 16th. 1640 upon presenting an Impeachment vs. Dr. Cossens, Dr. Maynwaring and Dr. Beale.
Nathl. Fiennes’s 2d Speech touching the Subjects Liberty, against the late Cannons, and the new Oath.
Lord Digbies Speech, concerning Bishops and the City Petition Feby. 9th. 1640.
The Accusation and Impeachment of John Lord Finch Lord Keeper.
Lord Faulklands 2d Speech after reading the Articles vs. Lord Finch.
Four Speeches of Sir Edward Deering concerning Religion and the Government of Church.
Bagshaws Speech Feby. 9. 1640 concerning Episcopacy and the London Petition.
Three Speeches of Sir Benjamin Rudyer, concerning the Clergy, &c.
Message from Commons to Lords by Mr. Pym Novr. 11. 1640 requesting Strafford to be taken into Custody.
Articles of Impeachment vs. Thomas Earl of Strafford whereby he stands charg’d of High Treason.
Earl of Bristows Speech 7th. Decr. 1640.
Mr. Mainards Speech before both Houses. 24th. March in reply to Straffords Answer to his Articles at the Bar.
The London Petition, a Particular of Prelatical Grievances.
Articles vs. Secretary Windebanke.
Lord Finch’s Speech, in the House of Commons, concerning Himself 21. Decr. 1640.
Harbottle Grimstones Speech 18th. Decr. 1640 moving for an Impeachment of the Archbishop. He calls him the great and common Enemy of all Goodness and good Men.
{ 316 }
Message from the Queen to the Commons Feby. 5th. 1640.
Sir Thomas Roe’s, concerning Trade 1640.
Lord Faulklands Speech concerning Episcopacy.
Pym’s Speech after the Articles vs. Strafford were read.
Pym’s Speech after the Articles vs. Sir George Ratcliffe were read.
1. The day of the month can be supplied with certainty from the fact that commencement at Harvard in 1766 occurred on Wednesday, 16 July.