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Browsing: Diary of John Quincy Adams, Volume 1


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Docno: ADMS-03-01-02-0004-0012-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
DateRange: 1782-11-07 - 1782-11-08

7th Thursday [–8th Friday].1

This afternoon at about 4 o'clock we passed thro' Borgo [Borga] which is a small fortified town. We rode all night and arrived at about 7 o'clock in the morning on the 8th. at Helsingfors, a small town not very strongly fortified, but remarkable for the fortress of Sweaborg [Sveaborg] an island situated at about ¼ of a Swedish mile from Helsingfors and which they say is as strong as Gibraltar. At about 11. o'clock we went and paid a visit to the Count Posse2 governor general of all the troops in Swedish Finland. We desired of him a permission to see the fortress of Sweaborg. He told us that it was impossible for us to go to day because the wind was high and contrary so that we should arrive there too late, but that tomorrow he would willingly give us a permission. We dined and supped with him at his house.
1. Entries for 7–8 Nov. continue without interruption in the Diary; date lines are in the margin, however.
2. Fredrik Arvidsson Posse, a close associate of King Gustav III, who was given full command of the Swedish army in Finland in 1780 and served as commander-in-chief of the Finnish division during the war with Russia in 1788 (Biographiskt Lexicon öfver Namnkunnige Svenska Män, 23 vols., Orebo and Uppsala, 1836–1857).

Docno: ADMS-03-01-02-0004-0012-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1782-11-09

9th. Saturday.

This morning we went to see the fortress of Sweaborg. Dined with the General Posse. Prince Galitzin1 arrived here this evening.
1. Possibly a brother or son of Prince Dmitri A. Gallitzin (1734–1803), a man of letters and Russian ambassador at Paris, 1763–1768, and at The Hague, 1770–1782 ( Repertorium der diplomatischen Vertreter aller Länder , p. 354, 359; JA, Diary and Autobiography , 3:3, 15, 29; Eufrosina Dvoichenko-Markoff, “Benjamin Franklin, the American Philosophical Society, and the Russian Academy of Science,” Amer. Philos. Soc., Procs., 91 [1947]:252–253).

Docno: ADMS-03-01-02-0004-0012-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1782-11-10

10th. Sunday.

This morning at about 8 o'clock we left Helsingfors, at the same time as the Prince Galitzin. We went this day, three stations. The Prince went but two.

Docno: ADMS-03-01-02-0004-0012-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1782-11-11

11th. Monday.

This day we went only two stations and stopp'd at the country seat of Mr. Hising an acquaintance of Mr. Gummer's at Fagerwik.
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