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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 5


Search for a response to this letter.

Docno: ADMS-06-05-02-0147

Author: Warren, James
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1777-07-10

From James Warren

[salute] My dear Sir

I Returned to this Town on Tuesday and found the Court had Just Adjourned to Sepr:. Last Evening I had the pleasure of yours of the 19th. June. Am much Obliged to you for it. It is A rarity being the only one for A Month.1 I hope the laudable Ambition you so frequently discover for your Countrys Excelling her Exertions for Carrying on this war will be gratified. I beleive we have 8000 already Marched, and some more to go. If the Other States had done as well, we should certainly have had A more numerous Army in the Field. We shall not remit our Exertions till our Quota is Compleat.
In my last I Informed you that we were proceeding on A Constitution of Government and what kind of a one we were likely to have. Very little has been since done as I am told. You must { 245 } know that the Council (of whom several are on the Committee)2 are Almost to A Man against A New Constitution, and are forced to come to it with the greatest reluctance. Some of us are lukewarm and Others Consider it as A Business by the bye. So the Committee is Instead of Improveing this Interval, and going on that Business Immediately Adjourned to the week before the Court meets, so that I have A prospect of A little leisure. I shall go home tomorrow, and hope to get more than one ramble among the Herds at Ealriver.3 The Season here is uncommonly fine. There is A profusion of Grass round this Town. The finest Crops of Hay I have ever seen.
You need give yourself no Concern about any Appearance there was of disunion between the Town and the Court. It was A Sudden Movement of the Town, from the sudden Caprice of A few Individuals, and seemed to be done without any fixed principles against Assumeing A Constitution, and like most Other sudden and violent things, very quickly subsided, without leaving so much as An Appearance of Opposition.4 Nor do I Apprehend any danger from the Other division you mention. Some Gentlemen came down with a few prejudices against the Tradeing Interest Others with very self Important Notions, and when the first had Examined A little, and the Others had vented themselves, the Cloud dispersed without much Lightning, and no bad Effects.
I will again try to have our Regiments Numbered, and to furnish you with a List of them and their Officers. I can easily Conceive it is somewhat Embarrassing to have so many foreign Officers on your Lists. It must Increase the Number of your General Officers faster than perhaps you Inclined.
Give your self no Trouble about the Expences of your Liveing. Your Constituents must be reconciled to it, without recaling you. For my own part I wish you to Live genteely and in Character Cost what it will. I am sure I would if I was in your place. Keep your Servant and your Horses. I am sure we should not begrutch you any thing you Incline to Eat, drink or spend. If it should be necessary to make you Another Grant of Money, let me know it, and I will Endeavour to have it done as soon as we meet. We are not Unacquainted with Extravagancies. Here, we give 5 dollars for Board &c. which gives us feelings we were not used to. Since my last Nothing material has turned up in the General Court, nor have we any News but from the Jersies and { 246 } Ti, which you know more about than I do. I hope Ti will be saved.5 Schuyler must certainly Exert himself now. He will strain every Nerve. Many here are very Anxious for the fate of that place, but I am not much Concerned if the Army there do their duty. Where will Howe next Bend his Course. After his late Curious Expedition and retreat, I think New England as probable An Object as any. If he Comes I hope we shant Mortifie the pride you have for the reputation of your Country. A few prizes drop in and we have another valuable Arrival of Arms powder &c. I suppose Mrs: Adams will herself Inform you She is well.6 My regards, to Mr. Adams and Gerry, and to Other Friends. I shall write them as soon as I have Opportunity. With my best wishes I am yr. Friend &c.
Let M. Gerry know the Ship Lidia is not yet Arrived. She left Bilboa and was chaced into Another port by A small English privateer. Two of our were gone After her. I hope she will be taken and the Ship releived.
RC (Adams Papers); docketed: “Warren”; in another hand: “July 10th 1777.”
1. JA had also written on the 11th (above).
2. Council members on the committee were Jeremiah Powell, Thomas Cushing, Daniel Davis, and John Taylor (Boston Gazette, 23 June; Mass., Province Laws , 20:3).
3. Eel River was a section of Plymouth (Records of the Town of Plymouth, 3 vols., Plymouth, 1889–1902, 3:273).
4. See JA to Warren, 19 June, note 1 (above).
5. Newspaper reports based on private letters dated 28 and 30 June revealed that the enemy had arrived at Crown Point and had sent out detachments to cut Ticonderoga off from Fort George and Skenesborough. Many armed boats and sloops, some of them only a mile and a half from American batteries, had appeared on the lake. Large numbers of Indians had been seen in the woods and had killed a number of troops. The only promising news was that five hundred men were coming in from the New Hampshire Grants (Vermont) (Boston Gazette, 7 July; Independent Chronicle, 10 July).
6. At this very time AA feared losing the baby she was carrying, and on 16 July she sadly wrote JA she had lost the daughter whom she had hoped so much to have ( Adams Family Correspondence , 2:277, 279, 282).

Docno: ADMS-06-05-02-0148

Author: Warren, James
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1777-07-11

From James Warren

[salute] Dr. Sir

We have this Moment an Account of the Evacuation of Ticonderoga in Consequence of A Council of General Officers who determined it to be Absolutely necessary to save the small Army there. This Intelligence is by A Letter from St. Clair to the president of the Convention at Vermont. This Letter was dated the 7th.1 He was then on his way to Bennigton, and he Intended to { 247 } throw himself on the North River, which as it Appears to me will lay open our Country to the Enemy who were in possession of Skeensbury. The Letter does not Inform us of the Number of either Army nor of the Loss we sustained, only that he was not Able to make his retreat with the Stores so perfectly as he could have wished, and that there had been A severe Action in the rear the Event of which he did not Exactly know.2 I am Yr. Friend,
[signed] JW
1. Gen. St. Clair evacuated Ticonderoga on the night of 6 July. His letter of the 7th is printed in Vt. Hist. Soc., Colls. , 1 [1870]:174–175. Accounts of the evacuation of Ticonderoga did not appear in Boston newspapers until well after 11 July.
2. Col. Seth Warner, leading one thousand men, was attacked on the morning of the 7th while on his way to Castleton (same).