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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 7


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Docno: ADMS-06-07-02-0227

Author: Franklin, Benjamin
Author: Lee, Arthur
Author: Adams, John
Author: First Joint Commission at Paris
Recipient: Lloyd, John
Date: 1779-01-13

The Commissioners to John Lloyd and Others

[salute] Gentlemen

We had Yesterday the Honour of your Letter of the seventh of this Month, and at the same Time that of a Letter from his Excellency the Comte De <Sartine> Vergennes,1 Copy of which We inclose. We have this Day written to his Excellency, requesting, that the Convoy may be sent without delay to Nantes, where the Vessells are waiting for it.2
We are very sorry, that the Kings service will not Admit, of a Convoy for the Vessells now Ready at Nantes, quite to America, <but We have made Use of several Applications> for which favour We have made several Applications, But We hope the Convoy will go beyond the Western Islands.
We have answered every Letter We have received upon this subject, on the same day on which We received it, or on the next day, and We have transmitted to you, every Intimation We have received concerning it from the Minister, either the same day or the <next> day following.
You desire to be informed what Particular Priviledges, Benefits and Exemptions, you are intitled to, by Virtue of the Treaty of Commerce? To which We answer that the Citizens of the United states are not intituled to any Priviledges, Benefits or Exemptions, but such as are stipulated in the Treaty of Commerce. This Treaty is public, and has been printed perhaps in every News Paper in Europe. We send you however an authentic Copy enclos'd.3
Our Countrymen, We suppose are Treated in Relation to duties of Import and Export like other Nations the most favoured4 in Friendship with France, <and like French subjects>. But it is extreamly difficult to obtain any Alterations or particular Exemptions in our favour, as the whole affair of Duties and Finances in this Kingdom5 is a system which it is not easy to alter. If however you will be so good as to state to Us the Duties you have paid, We will lay it before the Minister, and endeavour to obtain the Satisfaction you desire.6
<Notwithstanding which> Several Branches of American Trade might be carried on with this Kingdom, to more Advantage than any other Country of Europe, and7 a little Patience <however> and Perseverance, will insure you and your Posterity forever, the Right of trading to all the Countries of the World, and of preferring such as shall give you the best Terms, instead of being compelled like slaves to carry all the produce of8 Your Industry to one selfish <Land> Nation, and to <bring> purchase9 all you wanted from one little Spot. That the Year 1779 may produce you such a Blessing, and that you may all arrive { 356 } safely in our Country, and be there ready to enjoy it, is the Wish of, Gentlemen your Countrymen and most obedient humble servants10
1. Vergennes' second letter of 9 Jan., reporting Sartine's position (above).
2. This sentence was interlined for insertion here, indicating that this letter was drafted before the Commissioners' letter to Vergennes (Arch. Aff. Etr., Paris, Corr. Pol., E.-U., vol. 7). The Commissioners informed Vergennes that the vessels in question were at Nantes and hoped that the convoy would be ordered immediately. In his reply of 20 Jan. (same), Vergennes indicated that the information on the ships at Nantes had been sent to Sartine for action by him. See also the Commissioners to Vergennes, 24 Jan. (below).
3. This sentence was added by Benjamin Franklin.
4. The preceding three words were interlined for insertion here.
5. The preceding three words were interlined for insertion here by Benjamin Franklin.
6. This sentence was interlined for insertion here.
7. Inserted, in place of “however,” to join the two sentences.
8. The preceding three words were interlined by Benjamin Franklin for insertion here.
9. This word was interlined by Benjamin Franklin for insertion here.
10. lmmediately below the closing was a list of those who had signed the letter to the Commissioners from John Lloyd and others of 7 Jan. (above).

Docno: ADMS-06-07-02-0228

Author: Cushing, Thomas
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1779-01-14

From Thomas Cushing

[salute] Dear Sir

Permit me to Introduce to your Acquaintance Mr. Samuel Bradford son of Capt. John Bradford a young Gentleman bound to France upon Bussiness. I recommed him to your Freindly Notice, any Advice you may give him and any civilities you may shew him shall be gratefully Acknowledged.
The British Troops have not as yet left New York or Rhode Island and whether they design to Evacuate there Places this Winter is at present uncertain. Admiral Byron has lately Sailed with his Squadron from Rhode Island in pursuit of Count D Estaing, who, it is Conjectured, left this Place for the West Indies the fourth of November last, we Expect there will be warm work in those parts this Winter. About six or seven thousand Troops, it is said, are left at New York and about as many at Rhode Island. Congress are Consulting, as you will doubtless be advised, upon measures to give Stability and Credit to our Currency. I hope they will be directed to such determinations as are Wise proper and Effectual and that no partial narrow Contracted veiws will Govern in the adjustment of a Matter of such Importance.
Mr. Deans Publication, which you will meet with in our late Papers, has occasioned much Concern and anxiety among thinking People here. They wish Congress by an Early attention to him and by thor• { 357 } oughly examining into what he had to offer with respect to the Conduct of our affairs on Your Side the Water had prevented his Publishing. However Congress have Agreed to give him a full hearing and I hope will with the utmost Candour and Impartiality thoroughly examine into Matters and so Remove all Difficulties. I should be Glad to hear from you as often as your Engagements will permit upon the State of Affairs in Europe.
I am with truth & Sincerity Your Freind and humble Servt
[signed] Thomas Cushing
1. A space was left for the day of the month; the supplied date is derived from the sailing of the frigate Alliance, which carried both Bradford and this letter, on 14 Jan. ( Dict. Amer. Fighting Ships ; William Smith to AA , Adams Family Correspondence , 3:143). Immediately above the year, in CFA 's hand, is the notation: “should be 1779.”