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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 10


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{ 419 }

Docno: ADMS-06-10-02-0240

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Jenings, Edmund
Date: 1780-12-18

To Edmund Jenings

[salute] Dear Sir

I have received your Favour of the 11. The Inclosures I have packed with my Dispatches, and the Duplicate of Mr. Amorys, to go by the first opportunity.1
Sir Joseph will kick, and cuff and pinch this People untill he forces into them a little Spunk. They cry shame upon his last Memorial more than the former.2 However I believe he knows enough of the nature of them, to answer his End, which I take to be to intimidate them from doing any thing more for America and particularly from lending me any Money. Many are apprehensive, that the Prince is at the Bottom of all this, and in Concert with the King of England, or rather with his Ambassador: and that the Intention is, for the King of England to give orders to his ships of War and Privateers, to make Prizes of ships belonging to Amsterdam, in order to ruin the Merchants of that City, and by this means disaffect them to the Regency.
The Body of Merchants, and the Common People are at present, as well affected to the Regency as they ever are. But the Wish of the English Party is to detach them.
The Constitution of the City is Such, that it Seems to me impossible that there should ever be a very Strong Attachment in the Minds of the People to the Burgomasters. The People must consider the Interest and Honour of the Burgomasters, Councillors and Schepins as distinct from their own, and cannot therefore, feel any Thing which touches their Rulers as touching them selves.
I have the Honour to be with great Respect, sir, your most humble sert
[signed] John Adams
RC (Adams Papers). LbC (Adams Papers); notation: “Many Letters from me and those of Mr. Jennings were sent by Capt. John Van Nuberg, of the ship Oostrust, who is to Sail 21 of decr. for St. Eustatius.”
1. Neither Jenings' letter of 11 Dec. nor the enclosures have been found, but for John Amory, see Jenings' letter of 20 Nov., and note 4 (above).
2. That is, Yorke's memorials of 10 Nov. and 12 Dec., for which see JA 's letters to the president of Congress of 16 Nov., No. 20 (above) and 18 Dec., No. 27 (below).

Docno: ADMS-06-10-02-0241

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: President of Congress
Recipient: Huntington, Samuel
Date: 1780-12-18

To the President of Congress, No. 27

Duplicate

[salute] Sir

War is to a Dutchman the greatest of Evils. Sir Joseph Yorke is so { 420 } sensible of this, that he keeps alive a continual Fear of it by Memorials after Memorials, each more affronting to any Sovereignty of delicate Notions of Dignity, than the former. By this means he keeps up the Panick and while this Panick continues, I shall certainly have no Success at all. No Man dares engage for me—very few dare see me.
On Tuesday last, the twelfth of December, the British Ambassador had a Conference with the President of the States General, and upon that Occasion presented to Their High Mightinesses, the following Memorial.1

[salute] High and Mighty Lords.

The uniform Conduct of the King towards the Republick; the Friendship which has so long subsisted between the two Nations; the Right of Sovereigns, and the Faith of Engagements the most solemn, will without doubt determine the Answer of your High Mightinesses to the Memorial, which the Subscriber presented some time ago,2 by the express Order of his Court. It would be to mistake the Wisdom and the Justice of your High Mightinesses to suppose, that You could ballance one Moment to give Satisfaction demanded, by his Majesty. As the Resolutions of your High Mightinesses of the twenty seventh of November3 were the Result of a Deliberation, which regarded only the interiour of your Government, and it was not then in Question to answer the said Memorial, the only Remark which We shall make upon those Resolutions is, that the Principles which dictated them, prove evidently the Justice of the Demand made by the King. In deliberating upon this Memorial, to which the Subscriber hereby requires, in the Name of his Court, an Answer immediate and satisfactory in all Respects, your High Mightinesses will recollect, without doubt, that the Affair is of the last Importance; that the Question is concerning a Complaint made by an offended Sovereign: that the Offense, of which he demands an exemplary Punishment and a compleat Satisfaction, is a Violation of the Batavian Constitution, whereof the King is the Warranty,4 an Infraction of the public Faith, an Outrage against the Dignity of his Crown. The King has never imagined, that your High Mightinesses would have approved of a Treaty with his Rebel Subjects. This would have been on your Part a Commencement of Hostilities and a Declaration of War. But the Offence has been committed by the Magistrates of a City, which makes a considerable Part of the State, and it is the Duty of the Sovereign Power to punish and repair it. His Majesty, by the Com• { 421 } plaints made by his Ambassador, has put the Punishment and the Reparation into the Hands of your High Mightinesses, and it will not be but in the last Extremity, that is to say, in the Case of a Denial of Justice on your Part, or of Silence, which must be interpreted as a Refusal, that the King will take this Charge upon himself.
Done at the Hague, the 12th. December 1780
[signed] Signed Le Chevalier Yorke5
I have the Honour to be, with the Greatest Respect, Sir, your most obedient and most humble Servant
Dupl in John Thaxter's hand (PCC, No. 84, II, f. 327–328); docketed: “Letter Decr. 18. 1780 John Adams Read 19 Novr 1781.”
1. This is JA 's translation from the French, but it does not differ in any significant way from the numerous other versions published at the time. See, for example, the London Chronicle, 16–19 Dec.; London Morning Post, 20 December.
2. On 10 Nov.; see JA 's letter of 16 Nov., No. 20, to the president of Congress (above).
3. For this resolution, see JA 's letter of 30 Nov., No. 24, to the president of Congress, note 1 (above).
4. This claim had no basis in fact and caused consternation even among those who might otherwise have sympathized with the British position (Schulte Nordholt, Dutch Republic and Amer. Independence , p. 151).
5. In 1809, when he published this letter in the Boston Patriot, JA ended it at this point, but then stated that “If the prince's denunciation excited an alarm, and the first memorial of Sir Joseph Yorke a terror, this second memorial corroborated and augmented it to a great degree. For although the Dutch are as brave a people as any in Europe, and have in every period of their history exhibited a courage as cool, patient, persevering and intrepid, as any nation, ancient or modern; nevertheless, a long course of peace and gain, an habitual study of measures of neutrality for near a century, had so established a timorous policy in their minds, that a near prospect of war astonished and confounded them. Some among them, however, felt the indignity as well as the terror” (JA, Corr. in the Boston Patriot , p. 306). For William V's “denunciation” of Amsterdam and Engelbert van Berckel for their part in negotiating the Lee-Neufville treaty, see JA 's letter of 27 Oct., No. 18, to the president of Congress, and note 3 (above).