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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 11


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Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0118

Author: Neufville, Jean de
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1781-03-02

From Jean de Neufville

[salute] Honourd sir

This will reach yoúr Excellency at his levee, I make no apologie for not forwarding it sooner while by the time I left her, and being after supper reading for dissepation I received an Account of a tiding from Rússia, by which the Emperess offerd her mediation;2 if this should appear (in consequence of what yoúr Excellency was pleased to enforce upon my mind) countrary to the intrest of America, I dare Say we have gand a great point for both Countries, and if well managed may produce the greatest happiness; we may be degenated from the vigoúr with which our Ancestors have defended their liberty; butt yoúr Excellency will find in this Republicq many worthy people not a disgrace to an intimate Alliance with America, witness withoút ceremony Yoúr Excellencys most devoted and obed hum servt.
[signed] J de Neufville
{ 173 }
1. JA received another note of this date from Jean de Neufville & Fils (Adams Papers) that wished him well on his imminent return to Leyden and gave a brief progress report on the loan.
2. On 1 March the Russian minister at The Hague, Prince Gallitzin, presented Catherine II's offer to mediate between the Netherlands and Great Britain. The States General accepted the proposal on 14 March, but Britain refused even to consider a mediated settlement. The British feared that any negotiations would compromise its position vis-à-vis the extension of neutral rights and that Russian efforts to end the Anglo-Dutch conflict would divert Catherine's attention from her mediation of the Anglo-French war. Russia, however, did not take Britain's refusal as final and undertook a new initiative at the end of Aug., for which see JA 's letters to the president of Congress of 6 Aug., calendared below, and 13 Dec. (Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev. , 5:43–44). The Gazette de Leyde of 2 March carried a brief notice of Gallitzin's demarché and on 6 March printed the French text. For an English translation, see the Annual Register for 1781, p. 310–311; but see also JA 's letter of 18 March to the president of Congress, calendared below.

Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0119-0001

Author: Dumas, Charles William Frederic
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1781-03-03

From C. W. F. Dumas

[salute] Monsieur

L'incluse vous apprendra tout ce qu'il y a de nouveau ici. Nos amis ne sont guere contents du Mémoire Russe.1 Pour moi, je ne trouve pas que la Russie Soit blamable de ne pas se presser de secourir la Rep., jusqu'à-ce qu'elle voie que celle-ci arme tout de bon: autrement on pourroit bien ici lui laisser tout le fardeau de la guerre maritime, en ne se tenant que sur la défensive. Tout ceci traînera en longueur; et il n'y aura d'actifs que les Courriers qui trotteront entre ici et Petersbourg. Il me tarde d'apprendre Si votre Emprunt prend bien. Voilà la Russie, qui en ouvre un aussi de 3 millions de florins. Si vous avez des nouvelles de l'Amérique, je me recommande. J'ai l'honneur d'être avec un très grand respect, Monsieur Votre très-humble & très-obéissant serviteur
[signed] Dumas

Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0119-0002

Author: Dumas, Charles William Frederic
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1781-03-03

C. W. F. Dumas to John Adams: A Translation

[salute] Sir

The enclosed will tell you all that is new here. Our friends are hardly content with the Russian memorial.1 As for me, I do not think that Russia is to blame for not rushing in to save the republic until it is evident that the republic is well-armed. Otherwise the entire burden will be on the navy merely to hold its defensive position. All of this will drag things out and the only action will be that of the couriers going back and forth between here and St. Petersburg. I am impatient to learn news of your loan. Russia is asking for one also, for 3 million florins. I implore you to tell me of any news from America. I have the honor to be with very great respect, sir, your very humble and very obedient servant
[signed] Dumas
{ 174 }
1. The enclosure has not been found, but it may have been Dumas' letter of 22 Feb. to the president of Congress, which he intended JA to send on to America (Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev. , 4:264). The final paragraph of that letter, dated 2 March, reported that the Russian ambassador had presented a memorial to the States General containing an offer to mediate the Anglo-Dutch war.