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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 11


Search for a response to this letter.

Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0127

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Gallitzin, Prince Dmitri Alexeivitch
Date: 1781-03-08

To Prince Dmitri A. Gallitzin

[salute] Sir

I have lately received from Congress, as one of their ministers plenipotentiary, their resolution of the fifth of October last, relative to the rights of neutral vessels, a Copy of which, I do myself the { 184 } Honour, to inclose to your Excellency, as the Representative of one of the high contracting Parties, to the marine Treaty, lately concluded, concerning this Subject.
As I am fixed by my duty for the present, to this part of Europe, I have no other Way of communicating this measure of Congress to the northern Courts, but by the favour of their Ministers in this Republic: I must therefore, request of your Excellency, if there is no impropriety in it, to transmit the Resolution to the Minister of foreign Affairs, of her Imperial Majesty.
Your Excellency will permit me to add, that I should esteem myself, very fortunate, to be the instrument of pledging, in form, the faith of the United States of America, to a reformation, in the maritime Law of nations, which does So much honour to the present Age.
I have the honour to be, with the greatest Respect and consideration, Sir, your most obedient and most humble Servant
[signed] John Adams
RC (AVPR, Moscow, f. Snosheniia Rossii s Gollandiei, op. 50/6, d. 218, l. 24–25); endorsed: “à la Lettre du Pce. Gallitzin à la Hage au Vice Chancelier, en datée du 13 Mars 1781.”
1. This letter is virtually identical to those JA sent to Baron Gustaf Johan Ehrensvärd, Swedish minister to the Netherlands, and to Armand François Louis de Mestral de Saint Saphorin, the Danish minister to the Netherlands (both LbC 's, Adams Papers). Russia, Sweden, and Denmark did not recognize the U.S. and thus their representatives, in their official capacities, could neither accept JA 's letter nor reply to it. However, this did not prevent them from sending the letters received from JA to their respective foreign ministries (The United States and Russia: The Beginning of Relations, 1765–1815, ed. Nina N. Bashkina and others, Washington, 1980, p. 109).

Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0128

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: La Vauguyon, Paul François de Quélen de Stuer de Causade, Duc de
Date: 1781-03-08

To the Duc de La Vauguyon

[salute] Sir

I have the Honour to inclose, a Copy of a Resolution of Congress of the fifth of October last, and to inform your Excellency, that I have this day communicated it, to their high Mightinesses the States General of the United Provinces, and to the Ministers of the Courts of Russia Sweeden and Denmark, at the Hague.1
Your Excellency will permit me to hope for your Concurrence in Support of this measure, as there may be Occasion, and to assure you of the great Respect and Consideration, with which I have the Honour to be, Sir, your Excellencys most obedient and most humble Servant
[signed] John Adams
{ 185 }
1. For the letters to the ministers, see JA 's letter to Prince Gallitzin, 8 March, and note 1, above. Note that this paragraph is virtually identical to JA 's letters of this date to Engelbert François van Berckel, pensionary of Amsterdam, and to Carel W. Visscher, soon to replace van Berckel in that position (both LbC 's, Adams Papers).