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Papers of John Adams, Volume 15 (June 1783 – January 1784)

Index: Papers of John Adams, Volume 15, A

Adams, John (1735–1826, designated as JA in The Adams Papers)

380

Public Life

143

Diplomacy, 1781–1783, Joint Commission to Negotiate Anglo-American Peace

13

signing of definitive treaty

10

commission for

7

congratulated on preliminary treaty

8

Franklin’s criticisms of

8

response to Livingston’s comments on preliminary treaty

7

draft definitive treaty

7

resignation from

pja15

5

instructions for commissioners

pja15

7

negotiation of definitive treaty

5

treaty provisions regarding boundaries and fisheries

pja15

4

forwards letters

pja15

5

Franklin’s role in negotiations

4

ready to sign preliminary treaty as definitive treaty

pja15

4

termination of commission upon signing of definitive treaty

pja15

3

congratulated on definitive treaty

pja15

3

Livingston and

pja15

3

Vergennes and

pja15

3

visits with European ministers

2

authorship of “Letters from a Distinguished American” and

pja15

2

commissioners’ decision to violate instructions

pja15

2

commissioners lack power to negotiate commercial treaty

pja15

3

commissions seal to commemorate treaty

pja15

2

Fox-North coalition and

pja15

2

funding for

pja15

2

preliminary treaty owing to “Providence of God”

pja15

2

signing of declaration of cessation of hostilities

pja15

2

treaty with Denmark

pja15

2

West Indies trade and

1

Anglo-Amer. trade and

pja15

1

as possible minister to Austria

pja15

1

Congress’ creation of

pja15

1

exchanges ratifications of preliminary treaty

pja15

1

goes to Passy with Hartley

pja15

1

Hartley’s authority to negotiate

pja15

2

Jay’s role in negotiations

pja15

1

proposals for definitive treaty

pja15

1

recommends Thaxter carry treaty to Congress

pja15

1

relations with Austria

pja15

1

role of in negotiations

pja15

1

signing of preliminary treaty

pja15

1

treaty with Portugal

pja15

1

bookplate commemorates

pja15

1

retains duplicate of definitive treaty

pja15

136

Diplomacy, 1780–1788, Mission to the Netherlands

16

resignation as minister

12

potential sources for new loan

11

Dutch-Amer. loan crisis

9

R. Morris’ bills and 1782 loan

9

visits Netherlands to address 1782 loan

7

contract for 1782 loan and raising of new loans

7

status as minister to Netherlands

6

progress and significance of 1782 loan

4

bills of exchange drawn on

pja15

4

conversations in Netherlands on trade and commerce

4

authorizes 1784 loan

pja15

3

Dutch-Amer. Treaty and

pja15

3

Laurens visits concerning mission

pja15

3

Livingston and

pja15

3

signs 1782 loan obligations

pja15

2

Anglo-Dutch peace negotiations

pja15

2

negotiation of 1782 loan

pja15

2

presence of in Netherlands

pja15

3

records left at The Hague

pja15

2

remittances to Grands

3

threats to 1782 loan

pja15

2

visits with Dutch political figures

pja15

1

JA’s efforts in

pja15

1

possible commission to negotiate with Austria and

pja15

1

contracts for loans raised by published

pja15

1

correspondence with Staphorsts

pja15

1

Dutch recognition of U.S.

pja15

1

Dutch West India Co. charter

pja15

1

expenditures during

pja15

1

Franco-Dutch relations

pja15

1

French efforts to obstruct negotiations in

pja15

1

passport for ship Elizabeth and

pja15

1

power to accede to Armed Neutrality revoked

pja15

1

recommends Cerisier

pja15

1

recommends Dumas as secretary of legation

pja15

1

sends Dutch peace instructions to Congress

pja15

1

signing of definitive treaty and

pja15

1

Thaxter’s salary

pja15

1

value of connections in Netherlands

pja15

1

bookplate commemorates

pja15

1

success of 1784 loan

pja15

29

Diplomacy, 1783, Joint Commission to Negotiate Anglo-American Commercial Treaty (Not Implemented)

16

Congress’ resolution for

6

anticipates commission’s arrival

4

remains in Europe for

2

form and nature of commission

pja15

1

expectations for

pja15

21

Diplomacy, 1779–1781, Mission to Negotiate Anglo-American Treaties

11

commissions’ revocation by Congress

4

disputes with Vergennes over

pja15

2

instructions for

pja15

2

possible negotiation of commercial treaty by

pja15

1

Austro-Russian mediation and

pja15

1

commissions to negotiate

pja15

20

Diplomacy, 1784–1785, Joint Commission to Negotiate Commercial Treaties

11

recommends Congress create

5

appointment to

pja15

2

commission for

pja15

2

congressional activity on

pja15

15

Diplomacy, 1785–1788, Minister to Great Britain

8

appointment as

2

Jay recommends

pja15

2

newspaper reports of appointment

pja15

2

refusal to accept other appointment

pja15

1

moves to London as

pja15

10

Massachusetts

9

as possible governor

1

as possible Superior Court justice

pja15

4

Diplomacy, 1777–1779, 1st Joint Commission at Paris

3

power to negotiate commercial treaties

pja15

1

bookplate commemorates

pja15

1

Law Practice

1

reputation of

pja15

1

Continental Congress

1

as member of

pja15

316

Opinions

58

Great Britain

13

political situation in

8

appointment of U.S. minister to

pja15

7

Anglo-Amer. relations

6

Anglo-Amer. trade

4

Fox-North coalition

3

Anglo-Amer. commercial treaty

pja15

3

Shelburne and Fox-North ministries compared

3

trade policies of

pja15

1

Congress’ need to congratulate on birth of princess

pja15

1

financial situation of

pja15

1

George III and Fox-North coalition

pja15

1

London

pja15

1

loyalist influence on policy of

pja15

1

newspapers of

pja15

1

North American possessions of

pja15

1

politicians of

pja15

1

as source for U.S. loan

pja15

1

will “pretend to favour Peace, secretly foment War, and join in it at the End, if she sees a favourable opportunity to crush France”

pja15

1

Parliament’s consideration of India bills

pja15

55

United States

12

trade and commerce of

7

strength of union

6

credit of

pja15

5

involvement of in European affairs

pja15

5

taxes and duties

pja15

4

Congress’ foreign policy

pja15

2

congressional representatives

2

independence

pja15

1

Society of the Cincinnati

pja15

1

citizens’ liberties

pja15

1

defeat of British by

pja15

1

“I dread the course of our elections if parties prevail”

pja15

1

Europe compared with

pja15

1

Franco-Amer. relations

pja15

1

future prosperity of

pja15

1

lies about in European newspapers

pja15

1

objectives of following definitive treaty

pja15

1

support of people

pja15

1

Washington’s response to Newburgh Addresses

pja15

1

Congress’ commercial policy

pja15

41

Diplomacy

6

etiquette and protocol

7

U.S. diplomatic establishment in Europe

4

European diplomats

3

Dana’s Russian mission

pja15

3

European diplomatic situation

pja15

3

Montgomery’s letter to sultan of Morocco

pja15

3

order of names in commissions

pja15

2

sanctity of treaties

pja15

2

U.S. treaties with European states

1

Austro-Amer. treaty

pja15

1

European politics as “a Labyrinth of profound Mysteries”

pja15

1

locations for negotiations

pja15

1

negotiations with Barbary states

pja15

1

“No Man will ever be pleasing at a Court in General, who is not debauched in his Morals, or warped from your Interests”

pja15

1

salaries of European diplomatic clerks

pja15

1

skills for diplomats

pja15

1

“the Moment an American Minister gives a loose to his Passion for Women that Moment, he is undone, he is instantly at the Mercy of the Spies of the Court, and the Tool of the most profligate of the human Race”

pja15

44

Peace Negotiations

7

Austro-Russian mediation at signing of definitive treaty

9

delay in concluding definitive treaty

pja15

6

commissioners’ decision to violate instructions

5

loyalists in definitive treaty

pja15

5

negotiation of definitive treaty

pja15

4

negotiation of preliminary treaty

pja15

1

separate article concerning West Florida

pja15

1

Brit. effort to sign separate peace

pja15

1

commissioners’ response to Livingston

pja15

1

Congress’ instructions to commissioners

pja15

2

loyalists in preliminary treaty

pja15

1

terms of definitive treaty

pja15

1

signing of definitive treaty

pja15

33

Individuals

6

Vergennes

pja15

3

Jay

pja15

2

Fox

pja15

2

Frederick II

pja15

2

J. Otis

pja15

2

Thaxter

pja15

2

Vergennes as “a Vulcan at Versailles”

pja15

2

JQA

pja15

1

Almeida Beja e Noronha

pja15

1

W. T. Franklin

pja15

1

S. Hale

pja15

1

Jebb

pja15

1

Joseph II

pja15

1

Livingston “appears to have been a mere Puppet danced upon French Wires electrified from Passy”

pja15

1

Montagnini di Mirabello

pja15

1

Pitt

pja15

1

R. Price

pja15

1

I. Smith Jr.

pja15

1

R. Tyler

pja15

1

Hartley as peace negotiator

pja15

22

Netherlands

4

Dutch-Amer. loan

pja15

3

peace negotiations of

pja15

4

U.S. credit in

2

Battle of the Dogger Bank

pja15

2

Dutch-Amer. relations

pja15

1

Anglo-Dutch preliminary treaty

pja15

1

Anglo-Dutch relations

pja15

1

benefits from Brit. Orders in Council

pja15

1

“I shall carry Holland in my Veins to my Grave”

pja15

1

journey from London to

pja15

1

negotiations in

pja15

1

opposition to appointment of Dutch minister to Britain

pja15

22

Benjamin Franklin

2

response to Jay’s draft reply to Livingston by

pja15

1

“clandestine manner of smuggling Treaties” of

pja15

2

“one Man seems to have a positive Spight against every public service, that he does not exclusively perform himself”

pja15

1

“Dr: Franklin alone, is, and will be trumpetted, by the Commis at Versailles, and their Tools”

pja15

17

Miscellaneous

2

Society of the Cincinnati

pja15

1

Dana’s return to U.S.

pja15

1

“I am determined not to be shut up croaking with the Froggs in Holland, doing nothing”

pja15

1

“I had rather be Door keeper to Congress, than live at Paris as I have done, for the last Six Months”

pja15

1

European newspapers

pja15

1

gifts sent by E. Fitch

pja15

1

glassworks

pja15

1

modern Greeks

pja15

1

political unrest in Ireland

pja15

1

Mably’s history of Amer. Revolution

pja15

1

safety of mails

pja15

1

probity as “the only Road to honour”

pja15

1

public service

pja15

1

“Republicks Should be jealous of the Influence of Kings”

pja15

1

1780 as “the most anxious and mortifying Year of my whole Life”

pja15

1

Copley’s portrait

pja15

14

France

5

U.S. independence and

3

policies and practices of

pja15

2

political situation of

1

Barbé-Marbois’ intercepted letter

pja15

1

diplomacy of

pja15

1

friendship with U.S.

pja15

1

influence of on S. Deane

pja15

10

Commerce

3

trade with West Indies

pja15

2

Brit. carrying trade

1

European merchant marines

pja15

1

French versus U.S.

pja15

1

Portuguese wines

pja15

1

relations among U.S., France, and Netherlands

pja15

1

rivalries in Levant

pja15

150

Personal

94

Miscellaneous

14

letters of introduction

5

desires to return to U.S.

pja15

6

ex-prisoners of war seek assistance from

4

accomplishments of

pja15

6

visits and dinners

4

correspondence from U.S.

3

John Cranch sends hares to

pja15

4

Laurens-Jenings dispute and

4

meets with Fox

pja15

3

political skills of

pja15

3

role in Revolution

pja15

2

assistance to Newport church

pja15

2

attends Parliament

pja15

2

letters of recommendation

pja15

2

Mass. Medical Society and

pja15

3

merchants seek assistance from

3

relationship with Franklin

pja15

2

Revolution Society and

pja15

1

assistance to J. Temple

pja15

1

attends Garrick’s Isabella

pja15

1

interest in Bordeaux wines

pja15

2

Copley portrait of

pja15

1

Holtzhey thanks

pja15

1

language skills of

pja15

1

“My Life is still to be, as it ever has been without a Plan Waiting one year, one Month, one Day, to learn what is to be my Fate the next”

pja15

2

meets with E. Burke

pja15

1

meets with Portland

pja15

1

Netherlands as home

pja15

1

relationship with Dalton

pja15

1

relationship with Mably

pja15

1

relationship with Sarsfield

pja15

1

resigned to remain in Europe

pja15

1

support for in Congress

pja15

1

Thaxter thanks

pja15

1

visits Ashton Lever’s museum

pja15

1

bust of

pja15

1

immigrants seek assistance from

1

relationship with Copleys

pja15

34

Family

13

AA and AA2’s decision to come to Europe

5

possible move with family to The Hague

pja15

3

candor of in letters

pja15

2

death of Rev. W. Smith

pja15

2

J. P. Jones delivers dispatches to

pja15

3

reunion with JQA

1

concern over JQA’s expenditures

pja15

1

uses Boylston seal

pja15

1

“Send me my Family, for I am decidedly God willing, never to live another Year without my Wife”

pja15

1

sends merchandise to AA

pja15

1

visits relatives

pja15

1

commissions new seal

pja15

22

Finances

7

accounts

6

salary

pja15

3

seeks letter of credit

pja15

3

account with Stockdale

pja15

1

cost of coach

pja15

1

purchases stationery

pja15

1

Copley’s receipt for portrait

pja15

110

Letters From

2

Antoine Marie Cerisier (1783)

pja15

1

Archibald MacLaine (1783)

pja15

1

Arthur Lee (1784)

pja15

2

Benjamin Franklin (1783)

pja15

1

Benjamin Franklin (1784)

pja15

12

C. W. F. Dumas (1783)

1

Charles Chauncy (1783)

pja15

2

Charles Storer (1783)

pja15

3

Cotton Tufts (1783)

pja15

1

David Hartley (1783)

pja15

4

Edmund Jenings (1783)

pja15

1

Edward Augustus Holyoke (1783)

pja15

1

Edward Bridgen (1783)

pja15

1

Elbridge Gerry (1783)

pja15

1

Elbridge Gerry (1784)

pja15

1

Eliphalet Fitch (1783)

pja15

5

Francis Dana (1783)

pja15

1

George Wythe (1783)

pja15

1

Henry Laurens (1783)

pja15

1

Herman Heyman (1784)

pja15

1

Herman Heyman’s Sons (1783)

pja15

1

Isaac Smith Jr. (1783)

pja15

1

James Lovell (1783)

pja15

1

James Sullivan (1783)

pja15

3

James Warren (1783)

pja15

1

Jean George Holtzhey (1783)

pja15

1

John Cranch (1784)

pja15

3

John Dudley (1783)

pja15

2

John Jay (1783)

pja15

1

John Singleton Copley (1783)

pja15

1

John Stockdale (1784)

pja15

7

John Thaxter (1783)

pja15

1

John Thaxter (1784)

pja15

1

John Wheelock (1783)

pja15

1

Joseph Marie François de Lassone (1783)

pja15

1

Joseph Reed (1784)

pja15

1

Joseph Ward (1783)

pja15

1

List of omitted documents

pja15

3

Matthew Ridley (1783)

pja15

1

Nicolaas & Jacob van Staphorst (1783)

pja15

1

Nicolaas van Staphorst (1784)

pja15

1

Patience Lovell Wright (1783)

pja15

1

Richard Cranch (1783)

pja15

1

Robert Montgomery (1783)

pja15

3

Robert Morris (1783)

pja15

1

Samuel Adams (1783)

pja15

1

Samuel Mather (1783)

pja15

1

Samuel Osgood (1783)

pja15

1

Samuel Osgood (1784)

pja15

1

Thomas Cushing (1783)

pja15

1

Thomas Pownall (1783)

pja15

3

Tristram Dalton (1783)

pja15

1

Wilhem & Jan Willink (1783)

pja15

1

William Carmichael (1783)

pja15

1

William Carmichael (1784)

pja15

1

William Gordon (1783)

pja15

1

William Gordon (1784)

pja15

1

William Vaughan (1783)

pja15

1

Zachariah Loreilhe (1783)

pja15

8

loan consortium (Wilhem & Jan Willink, Nicolaas & Jacob van Staphorst, and De la Lande & Fynje) (1783)

pja15

1

loan consortium (Wilhem & Jan Willink, Nicolaas & Jacob van Staphorst, and De la Lande & Fynje) (1784)

pja15

1

president of Congress (1783)

pja15

1

the Comte de Sarsfield (1783)

pja15

100

Letters To

4

Antoine Marie Cerisier (1783)

pja15

4

Benjamin Franklin (1783)

pja15

1

Benjamin Franklin (1784)

pja15

1

Benjamin Rush (1783)

pja15

6

C. W. F. Dumas (1783)

pja15

1

Charles Storer (1783)

pja15

2

Edmund Jenings (1783)

pja15

1

Edward Augustus Holyoke (1783)

pja15

6

Elbridge Gerry (1783)

pja15

1

Henry Laurens (1783)

pja15

1

Herman Heyman (1784)

pja15

1

Isaac Smith Jr. (1783)

pja15

1

James Warren (1783)

pja15

1

Jean George Holtzhey (1783)

pja15

1

John Cranch (1784)

pja15

2

John Jay (1783)

pja15

1

John Stockdale (1784)

pja15

1

List of omitted documents

pja15

1

Matthew Ridley (1784)

pja15

1

Mercy Otis Warren (1783)

pja15

1

Robert Montgomery (1783)

pja15

5

Robert Morris (1783)

pja15

33

Robert R. Livingston (1783)

1

Samuel Adams (1783)

pja15

1

Samuel Cooper (1783)

pja15

1

Second Congregational Church of Newport, R.I. (1783)

pja15

2

Thomas Barclay (1783)

pja15

1

William Gordon (1783)

pja15

5

loan consortium (Wilhem & Jan Willink, Nicolaas & Jacob van Staphorst, and De la Lande & Fynje) (1783)

pja15

1

loan consortium (Wilhem & Jan Willink, Nicolaas & Jacob van Staphorst, and De la Lande & Fynje) (1784)

pja15

10

president of Congress (1783)

1

the Comte de Sarsfield (1783)

pja15

63

Writings

39

Published

14

1810–1812

14

Boston Patriot

13

letters and commentary in

1

Letterbooks as source for

pja15

9

1782

8

“Letters from a Distinguished American”

4

original manuscripts of

pja15

4

publication and anxiety over effect of

1

Novanglus, abridged Dutch translation in Geschiedenis . . . en Amerika

pja15

2

1776

1

Novanglus letters in Almon’s Remembrancer

pja15

1

Thoughts on Government

pja15

2

1781

2

Translation of the Memorial

pja15

3

1787

3

Defence of the Const.

pja15

1

1775

1

Novanglus letters in Boston Gazette

pja15

1

1784

1

History of the Dispute with America

pja15

1

1786

1

Twenty-Six Letters

pja15

1

Adams Family Correspondence

pja15

2

Diary and Autobiography

pja15

3

Papers of John Adams

1

contents

pja15

1

digital resources

pja15

1

editorial method

pja15

24

Unpublished

10

1782

10

“Peace Journal”

4

sends to U.S.

pja15

2

Diary as source for

pja15

2

effect of on Congress

pja15

2

quotes to Franklin

pja15

7

Diary

2

account of peace negotiations in

pja15

2

account of visit to Britain in

pja15

2

does not record signing of definitive treaty in

pja15

1

quotes from

pja15

5

Letterbooks

3

handling and location of

1

ink bleeds through

pja15

1

described

pja15

1

1780

1

26 letters in reply to H. Calkoen

pja15

1

Autobiography

pja15

54

Travels

15

London to Netherlands (1783)

10

visit to London (1783)

4

The Hague to Paris (1783)

4

possible return to U.S.

pja15

4

visit to Bath (1783)

pja15

2

Amsterdam to The Hague (1783)

pja15

2

newspaper reports of arrival in London

pja15

2

Paris to The Hague (1783)

pja15

2

sightseeing in London

pja15

2

possible visit to Netherlands

pja15

1

Amsterdam to Paris (1781)

pja15

1

The Hague to Amsterdam (1783)

pja15

1

The Hague to Paris (1782)

pja15

1

returns to U.S. (1779)

pja15

1

rumored visit to Britain

pja15

1

possible visit to The Hague

pja15

1

visit to Harwich, England

pja15

39

Books, Reading, and Education

13

sends and receives books and newspapers

7

library at MB

4

bookplate of

pja15

4

publication of Mably’s Observations and

2

Society of the Cincinnati literature

pja15

2

Garrick’s Isabella

pja15

2

transactions of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce

pja15

2

Constitutions des treize États-Unis de l’Amérique

pja15

1

maps

pja15

1

Pownall’s Administration of the Colonies

pja15

1

Warton’s Works of Virgil

pja15

35

Health and Illnesses

13

fever at Paris

6

travel to improve

pja15

5

fever at Amsterdam

pja15

4

JA on

pja15

2

obtains glasses

pja15

2

visits Bath for

pja15

1

effect of Dutch climate on

pja15

1

sea baths for

pja15

1

seasickness

pja15

21

Residences

9

U.S. legation at The Hague

3

at Paris

pja15

3

Stockdale’s London apartments

pja15

3

Hôtel du Roi

pja15

1

Hôtel de Rouault

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Osborne’s Hotel, Adelphi Buildings

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at Auteuil

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