In the winter of 1754 we had no snow at all save a smattering or two, But perpetuall
rains and warm weather thro’ought the whole.2
1. In the academic year 1752–1753 there had been no winter vacation at the College. This
was because during 1752 the number of instructional days had been greatly diminished,
in the spring by the closure necessitated by a smallpox epidemic, in the fall by the
loss of eleven days (3–13 Sept.) through the Act of Parliament in 1751 (24 Geo. 2,
c. 23) providing for a change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1752. From
22 April all college exercises, including commencement, had therefore been suspended,
not to be resumed until 14 (i.e. 3, old style) September.
Moreover, the permanence of the vacation on the College calendar was in some doubt.
A winter vacation of five weeks beginning the first Wednesday in January had been
authorized in 1749 and renewed for a further trial period of three years in 1751.
Upon the expiration of that period the Overseers refused to accept the Corporation’s
vote for a further extension of five years and approved a continuance only “for the
year current.” In 1754 the vacation period was from 2 Jan. to 6 February. (MH-AR: Corporation Records, College Book No. 7; Overseer’s Records 1744–1768; Meetings
of 1 Oct. 1751, 4 May, 3 Oct. 1752, 1 Oct. 1754).
2. JA’s recollection of the weather during recent months is confirmed in a general way
by the daily meteorological observations in Professor John Winthrop’s Meteorological
Journal, 1742–1759 (MS, MH-Ar). He records snow on two days in January and one day in February, none heavy, and
“a little” snow on three days in February. There were rains on nine days in January
and seven days in February. The Fahrenheit thermometer reached a high of 54° in January,
52.5° in February. The low was 3° in January, 12° in February. The mean morning and
afternoon readings, 29°–38°, were somewhat higher than in immediately preceding years.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.