[dateline] Philadelphia June 4. 1776
Your Favour of 18 May, inclosing the momentous Resolution of your wise and patriotic
Convention, together with the American Crisis1
came duely to Hand, and yesterday, I had the Pleasure of receiving the Proceedings
of the House of Burgesses. I thank you, sir for both these esteemed Favours.
Is it not a little remarkable that this Congress and your Convention should come to
Resolutions so nearly Similar, on the Same day, and that even the Convention of Maryland
should, in that critical Moment, have proceeded so far as to abolish the Oaths of
Allegiance, notwithstanding that Some of their other Resolves are a little excentric?2
Your Resolution is consistent and decisive, it is grounded on true Principles which
are fairly and clearly Stated, and in my humble opinion the Proviso which reserves
to your selves the Institution of your own Government is fit and right, this being
a Matter of which the Colonies are the best Judges, and a Priviledge which each Colony
ought to reserve to it self. Yet after all I believe there will be much more Uniformity,
in the Governments which all of them will adopt than could have been expected a few
The Joy and exultation which was expressed upon that great Occasion did Honour to
their good sense and public Virtue. It was an important Event at a critical Time,
in which the Interest and Happiness, of themselves and their Posterity, was much concerned.
Hopkins's Fleet, has been very unfortunate: a dreadful sickness has raged among his
Men, and disabled him from putting more than two of his Vessells to sea.3
To what Place they are gone I know not. Perhaps to cruise for Transports. I am, sir,
with great respect, your most humble servant.