Recipient: Huntington, Samuel
Recipient: President of Congress
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In this letter, received by Congress on 19 Feb. 1781, John Adams included newspaper
accounts from Hamburg, Leghorn, Madrid, Paris, and London on a variety of subjects,
including the League of Armed Neutrality, Russia's formal declaration of armed neutrality
in major European capitals, preparations for a military expedition from Cádiz, and
Adams' own arrival in Europe to negotiate peace with Great Britain. The bulk of the
letter, however, was devoted to a London newspaper article advancing a “Plan of Pacification,”
said to be sponsored by the Rockingham Whigs and aimed at ending the American war,
and another London article opposing Rockingham.