Recipient: Huntington, Samuel
Recipient: President of Congress
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In this letter, read by Congress on 26 Dec., John Adams included accounts, probably
taken from French or Dutch newspapers (see the Gazette de Leyde of 11 July), from Constantinople, Stockholm, The Hague, and Hamburg. That from Constantinople
reported a British blockade of a French merchant fleet in Turkish waters, a violation
of Ottoman neutrality, and a subsequent battle between French and British forces that
broke the blockade. The other reports concerned the measures being taken by Sweden,
the Netherlands, and Denmark to enforce the armed neutrality.