Recipient: President of Congress
Recipient: Huntington, Samuel
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John Adams included English translations of a petition to the city of Antwerp by its
merchants and inhabitants and of an essay by Antoine Marie Cerisier, both without
date. The petition requested that the Scheldt River, closed to commerce by the 1648
Treaty of Münster, be reopened. Cerisier opposed reopening the Scheldt because Antwerp's
rebirth as a port would destroy the trade of Ostend and Nieuport and create an important
rival to Amsterdam in the Austrian Netherlands. Most importantly, Cerisier argued,
the Dutch would lose, control of the forts at the mouth of the Scheldt if the river
was opened for trade. For Britain's 1780 proposal to reopen the Scheldt, see vol.