. The winter of 1779–1780, when for the only time in recorded history the harbors of
both Boston and New York froze solidly, was long known as “the Hard Winter.” Its effects
were felt from Maine to Georgia and from Detroit to New Orleans. Contemporary evidence
on its rigors has been conveniently assembled in David M. Ludlum, Early American Winters, 1604–1820
, Boston, 1966, p. 111–133. Dr. Cotton Tufts of Weymouth, who was among other things
an amateur of science, compiled a record of the extraordinary weather of this winter
and spring, which he enclosed in his letter to JA
of 25 July 1780
; the enclosure
is printed with Tufts' letter, below.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2015.