. Congress elected Francis Dana minister to Russia on 19 Dec. 1780 and issued his commission
and instructions on the same day (JCC
, 18:1166–1173). A recent and very illuminating study of the Dana mission to Russia,
which was to involve both JA
in vital ways, is by David M. Griffiths, “American Commercial Diplomacy in Russia,
1780 to 1783,” WMQ
, 3d ser., 27:379–410 (July 1970).