. Blotting shows that the underlining in the previous sentence was done just prior to
folding, probably by JA
. In this sentence the letterbook copy has “in Europe” after “Employments.” The letterbook
copy does not have any underlining.
's letter of this date to R. R. Livingston, secretary of foreign affairs, accompanied
the preliminary treaty of peace between Great Britain and the United States, which
had been signed on 30 November. JA
resigned both his commission to borrow money in, and his letter of credence to the
United Provinces and expressed the hope that Henry Laurens would be given full power
to represent the United States in the Netherlands, and then declared: “I should not
chuse to stay in Europe, merely for the honor of affixing my Signature to the Definitive
Treaty.” In closing, he proposed that if Congress thought someone should take his
place as peace negotiator, which he doubted was necessary, it pick Francis Dana (PCC
, No. 84, IV, f. 301–302; Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev.
On 1 April 1783, Congress briefly considered the report of a committee that recommended
's resignation, but deferred its decision, at the request of the “Eastern delegates,”
“untill further advices sh[ould] be received” (JCC
, 24:225; 25:952–953 [Madison's notes]; and see JA
, 13 July 1783, note 3
, below). Congress never did accept JA
's resignation, but instead, after long delays, appointed him in May 1784, with Franklin
and Jefferson, to negotiate commercial treaties with the European powers.