. On the inseparable Abbés Arnoux and Chalut, elderly but spritely enthusiasts for the
American cause, who helped teach JA
French and later became friendly with all the Adamses in France, see JA
's Autobiography under date of 16 April 1778
to Mary (Smith) Cranch, 5 Sept. 1784
; AA, Letters, ed. CFA, 1848
, p. 189–190). JA
and other Americans seldom succeeded in spelling the Abbés' names correctly.
The cost of this Fourth of July celebration, 600 livres and 7 sous, is entered in
's retained record of the expenses of the American Commissioners in France, 1777–1779
(Lb/JA/35, Adams Papers, Microfilms
, Reel No. 123).
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2018.