. Dickinson's very able speech of 1 July, long unknown to historians, survives in the
form of a partial rough draft extended by notes, the whole entitled “Arguments agt.
the Independance of these Colonies—in Congress,” now in PHi
. It has been edited, or reconstructed, with valuable introductory comment by J. H.
Powell, in PMHB
, 65: 458–481 (Oct. 1941). The burden of it was that separation from Great Britain
was at this time premature: the colonists should settle their own differences and
obtain the approval of the Bourbon powers before taking such an irrevocable and possibly