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. Justinian, Codex
, bk. 4, tit. 19, §25. See 13 Scott, Civil Law
36: “All accusers are hereby notified that they cannot bring a criminal charge for
anything which has been established by reliable witnesses; or clearly proved by documentary
evidence; or shown to be true by undoubted testimony clearer than light.” A better
translation of the first clause might be “charge unless a thing has been established.”
This section is cited in the margin of the passage in Wood's New Institute
, cited, note 42119
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.