. The instructions of Pennsylvania had ordered its delegates to oppose any measure that
contemplated separation from Great Britain. Meeting on 20 May, but ignoring the popular
protest that it was incompetent to create a new government for the province, the Assembly
continued to function, but did not act upon the instructions until 14 June. Then the
Assembly merely repealed its former directive; it did not instruct the delegates to
vote for independence (John H. Hazelton, The Declaration of Independence, Its History
, N.Y., 1906, p. 64–67, 187–190; the instructions are in Force, Archives
, 4th ser., 6:755).