. Barnard was probably at Passy when he wrote this letter. This is indicated by letters
to Franklin from John Channing and G. Williams of 24 Aug. and 2 Oct. respectively,
which introduced Barnard and recommended him for his services to American prisoners.
The Commissioners acted very quickly on his case, and on 13 Oct. Barnard took oaths
of allegiance and of his intention to settle for life in America (Cal. Franklin Papers, A.P.S.
, 1:482, 506; 4:274). On his return to America, Barnard apparently turned to privateering.
Between 23 Nov. 1779 and 11 Feb. 1782 he commanded or had an interest in at least
four vessels: the brigantines Charming Nancy, Queen of Spain,
and the brig Venus
(Allen, Mass. Privateers
, p. 96, 247; PCC
, No. 196, X and XV).