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. Houston is referring to the British forays into New Jersey on 7 and 23 June. On both
occasions three to five thousand troops, mostly Germans commanded by Lt. Gen. Wilhelm
von Knyphausen, sought to proceed down the road from Elizabethtown through Connecticut
Farms to Springfield. In the first attack the village of Connecticut Farms was burned,
but determined resistance by the New Jersey militia and reports of the imminent arrival
of reinforcements from Washington's army compelled Knyphausen to retreat without reaching
Springfield. In the second attack Knyphausen's troops captured and burned Springfield,
but the militia and regular troops under Gen. Nathanael Greene again forced Knyphausen
to retreat without achieving anything of substance (Leonard Lundin, Cockpit of the Revolution
, Princeton, 1940, p. 426–434; Howard H. Peckham, ed., Toll of Independence
, Chicago, 1974, p. 71, 72).
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.