. With his letter to the president of Congress of 15 Sept. (Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev.
, 4:708–714), Dana enclosed copies of his correspondence with the French minister
at St. Petersburg, the Marquis de Vérac, notably Vérac’s replies of 2 and 12 Sept.
to Dana’s letters of 1 and 4 Sept. (same
, 4:684–685, 705–707, 683–684, 695–699). Vérac cautioned Dana against seeking to execute
his mission to obtain Russian recognition of the United States because of its certain
failure. He also revealed France’s acquiescence in the conditions set by Austria and
Russia for U.S. participation in the peace conference under their mediation, namely
that the Americans would be present as colonists, negotiating separately for the restoration
of peace with Great Britain. Vérac’s letters, copies of which are in the Adams Papers
, confirmed JA
’s views of French policy and the futility of the Austro-Russian mediation. See also
Dana to JA
, [8 Sept.]8 Sept.
(vol. 11:478–482); and, for JA
’s views on American acceptance of the Austro-Russian mediation, see his July 1781
correspondence with Vergennes, also in vol. 11