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Browsing: Diary of Charles Francis Adams, Volume 2


Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-01

March 1827. Thursday. 1. IX.1

Morning at home, walk to Mr. Everett’s, short visit, rain, hackney coach, Mr. Bouligny, evening at home.
1. From D/CFA/1.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-02

Friday. March 2d.1

My time has been taken up almost entirely in the attention requisite. I am more and more pleased with her. I find in her every thing that I could wish. These days are enchanting days. They are only to be enjoyed once in a man’s life.
I feel now that sort of quiet enjoyment and serenity which loves not disturbance, but which would suffer days to roll on without any active exertion and without regret. I have been for some days however, much troubled with a pain in my side, and I am today attempting to cure it. In consequence, at home.
There is much talk of duels—in the political world, but none have happened yet. It is uncertain whether there will be any. Parties are very warm indeed.2
I wrote to George the other day, giving him information of this affair.3 He will be much astonished no doubt. For he has been long about the same thing and not yet succeeded.
1. From D/CFA/5. Because the weather was bad and he was unwell, CFA stayed at home during the morning and took medicine. In the evening he attended a late session of the Senate with Mrs. Everett and Miss Brooks and returned home with his father (D/CFA/1).
2. Thomas Metcalfe (1780–1855), who had served as Representative from Kentucky since 1819 and was about to be nominated for governor of that state by the Clay-Adams men, objected to certain statements that George McDuffie had made in defending Vice-President Calhoun in the “Mix contract” investigation (see entry for 27 Dec. 1826, above). McDuffie replied abusively; Metcalfe retorted in kind; but a duel was averted because the two parties could not agree upon the proper weapons (Washington Daily National Intelligencer, 19 and 23 Feb. and 1 Mar. 1827).
3. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-03

3. X.1

Morning fine, walk to the Capitol, visit to Abby, pleasure, adjournment of Congress, politics, Mr. McDuffie and Mr. Metcalf, evening at home.
1. From D/CFA/1.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-04

4. IX.

Morning, walk to the Capitol, Abby, conversation, General Wool,1 home to dine, return and pass the evening.
1. John Ellis Wool (1784–1869), who had served in the War of 1812 and was made inspector-general of the army in 1816 (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-05

5. VIII.

Morning, at home, walk to the Capitol, Mr. Everett, Abby, General Wool, evening at home, Whist.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-06

6. IX.

Morning, walk, arrangement with Mr. Dickinson,1 Note from Abby, and Mr. Everett, unfavourable news,2 evening at home, low spirits.
1. Anson Dickinson (1779–1852), one of the most successful miniaturists of his day (Groce and Wallace, Dict. Amer. Artists). His portrait of CFA was completed a few days later and was intended for Abigail Brooks; see entries for 10 and 12 March, below.
2. Abigail Brooks’ note to CFA is missing. Everett’s letter relayed P. C. Brooks’ injunction to his daughter: “Considering . . . that you are away from home, that you are both very young, that your acquaintance is a short one, that the thing has come upon us most unexpectedly, and that we have no personal knowlege of Mr. Adams,—I hope you will not think it unreasonable, or unfeeling, if we make it our request that your answer to Mr. Adams be delayed for the present.” Everett wrote to ask “more specifically and definitively” what Mr. Brooks’ wishes were and, pending a reply, took his sister-in-law and his wife on a trip into the Shenandoah valley (P. C. Brooks to Abigail Brown Brooks, 1 Mar. 1827; Everett to CFA, 5 Mar. 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-07

7. IX:15.

Morning, sitting to Mr. Dickinson, Miniature, spirits exceedingly dull, dinner party at home, Mr. Bartlett.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-08

8. VIII:45.

Morning, sitting to Mr. Dickinson, party gone to Harper’s Ferry, my own depression, evening at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-09

9. IX.

Morning, final sitting to Mr. Dickinson, day wasted at home, unable to employ myself, reflection upon my present situation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-10

Saturday. March 10th [–Tuesday, 20 March].1

From an entire inability to make any exertion, I have hitherto delayed giving any account of what has passed during the week. Troubled { 111 } as I have been in mind about it, it has been out of the question to sit down coolly and describe my feelings. Even now it is more than I can do. I shall give only a short sketch of what has passed without many remarks or reflections which I have had in plenty. I went on passing my time very pleasantly with Abby until Tuesday Morning, when upon my return from a first sitting to a miniature portrait which I have directed on her account, I received a letter from Mr. Everett covering a Note from Abby, which entirely changed the face of affairs. They had received upon the preceding day letters from Mr. Brooks. The one to her upon this subject makes it a request that she will suspend her decision for the present. This, after what has passed, surprises us all very much. She in consequence declined seeing me until the return of post would bring letters of a more decisive character. In the mean time they started for Harper’s ferry in order to avoid remaining here. My own situation has been an extremely painful one in consequence of this doubtful state of affairs. I do not yet know what course it will be proper for me to take, and until I do, it would be needless and highly painful to form conjectures. While I cannot but think that Mr. Brooks has acted inconsistently, and with little regard to his daughter’s feelings, I am not much disposed to fall into a fault myself by becoming angry. I shall say no more about this until the final answer comes, when it will be proper for me to take my course. But my feelings have entirely unnerved me for this week.
The feelings which dictated these lines vanished upon the return of Mr. Everett three days after they were written. He sent me an extract from a letter of Mr. B.’s which had arrived one day after the preceding letter, withdrawing his request for a delay and giving his full consent.2 So that I might have been spared a week’s pain. But there is a providence in all things and I am not without belief that it has been exerted in these cases. From the 13th to the 16th my time was delightfully spent. On Thursday, we had a pleasant little dinner consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Everett and Abby, Mr. Webster and Mr. Bartlett. But I was destined to three days severe bodily suffering, owing to an abscess which formed in the inside of my Mouth and which produced inflammation and great pain. It was occasioned by a decayed tooth which a dentist had attempted to extract but had only succeeded partially. On Sunday evening Dr. Huntt came and lanced the gum which gave me immediate relief. I was much provoked at the loss of time as Abby goes on Wednesday. Monday and Tuesday were spent almost entirely in attention to her as it was to be a separation of some time. I have heard of no more difficulties in the case.
{ 112 }
1. From D/CFA/5. CFA spent the morning of 10 March at home, sorting newspapers; he rode with his mother; then he spent the evening with his family, playing cards (D/CFA/1).
2. Upon further reflection, P. C. Brooks wrote Edward Everett: “We now give our full consent to Abby to act her pleasure.” Everett promptly sent the good news to CFA, with his congratulations (Brooks to Everett, 2 Mar. 1827, Everett MSS, MHi; Everett to CFA, 13 Mar. 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-11

11. IX.1

Morning at home, copy Mr. Jefferson’s letter to Mr. Van Beuren,2 pain in my face, evening with the family.
1. From D/CFA/1.
2. In 1824 Martin Van Buren sent Thomas Jefferson a copy of Timothy Pickering’s A Review of the Correspondence between the Hon. John Adams and the Late William Cunningham, Esq. (see entry for 17 May 1824, and note, above). Jefferson replied on 29 June 1824, explaining his relations with JA, Elbridge Gerry, and other politicians of the Federalist era, defending his connection with the Mazzei letter, and denying any break with George Washington (Jefferson, Writings, ed. Ford, 10:305–316).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-12

12. VIII.

Morning at home, Miniature finished, ride with my Mother, Mr. Jefferson’s letter, evening with the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-13

13. IX.

Morning, Mr. Jefferson’s letter, Note from Mr. Everett,1 party returned, and change of information, afternoon, Capitol Hill, visit to Abby, pleasure, evening also.
1. Everett reported receipt of P. C. Brooks’ letter of 2 March, giving full consent to the engagement (Edward Everett to CFA, 13 Mar. 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-14

14. VIII:30.

Morning at home, Abby here, conversation, letter from Mr. Brooks,1 evening with the family, Cards.
1. Presumably P. C. Brooks’ letter to Edward Everett of 10 Mar. 1827, repeating his consent to the engagement and sending his love to the “happy couple” (Everett MSS, MHi).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-15

15. IX.

Morning at home, pain in my face, copying, small dinner party at home, Mrs. Everett, Abby, pleasant.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-25

Sunday. March 25th.1

The Everetts deferred their departure till Thursday [22 March]. And I determined to accompany them as far as Baltimore. My mother { 113 } determined to go too. So I got into the carriage, and we took in Abby at about twelve miles and had a very pleasant ride. On Friday after spending the morning in a round of company, I parted with them at the Steamboat when it went to Philadelphia. Anxious to leave town directly, my Mother ordered the Carriage and we rode to Merril’s that night, and starting again yesterday morning, we reached home before two o’clock.
Leave takings are always melancholy. I seldom patronize them and in this case I was obliged to make as little of it as possible. I think I succeeded better than I had hoped. For being prepared for it by time and thought, not to speak of a bottle of Sherry, the larger part of which I swallowed, I came off quite handsomely, and the motion of travelling served to keep off dullness till my feelings were blunted. And although now I am constantly experiencing a vacancy of object, owing to my having devoted my time so entirely to her, I have got over all the dull part of the matter. And my summer, though not positively happy, will at least have the benefit of being calm. I wrote to her today—and propose during the remainder of my stay here to write regularly twice a week.2
My plan for the Summer is Study—and devotion to the objects of my profession and future prosperity. As it is my last Summer here I must make the most of it—and attempt to become much wiser when I go to fix in Boston. I must resume my regular duties long neglected and continue hereafter to be [as] regular as possible in their performance.
1. From D/CFA/5.
2. From this entry through that of 17 July 1827, CFA’s diary is full of references to letters received from, or sent to, Abigail B. Brooks. Unless otherwise indicated, all these letters are in the Adams Papers. Since they are presently available in full in the microfilm edition of the Adams Papers and will shortly be published in large part in the Adams Family Correspondence, it is not necessary to quote or paraphrase each of them in these pages, except where such reference is needed to make the meaning of CFA’s diary clear.
Like any other love letters, these are easier to characterize than to summarize. Though written with 19th-century restraint, they are warmly affectionate in tone. CFA addressed his fiancée as “My dearest Abby,” and she replied to her “dearest Charles.” Both repeatedly wrote of their love. “[W]hy should I be ashamed to confess that I love you better than all the world,” Abigail asked; “I begin to think . . . that I love you too well and think too much about you. . . . [T]o get a kind letter from you makes me all gayety and light-heartedness again” (18 April 1827). “I do not hesitate in declaring my affection for you in almost every line,” Charles replied, “because it may please you, when to another it would seem superfluous and flat” (21 April 1827).
At first filled with reminiscences of the recent season in Washington and of the events leading up to their engagement, the letters soon grew more difficult to write as these topics were exhausted. The trouble was that the young people, though deeply in love, did not have much to talk about. Both remained largely out of society during these { 114 } months. Charles failed to attend the usual round of Washington parties, because “the young ladies here seem to think a person ‘mortgaged’ as they call it not worth expending smiles upon” (9 April 1827). Abigail saw only relatives when she was in Boston, and after she returned to her country home she reported: “I do not pretend to give you any news, that is quite out of my line lately as Medford offers none to amuse any but ourselves” (10 June 1827). Since neither really knew the family of the other very well, there was not much domestic gossip worth exchanging. Charles tried to get his fiancée interested in the books he was reading, but she replied, “I am pretty sensible how tedious it is to gentlemen to hear ladies discuss these subjects therefore I always endeavor not to do it, but with my brother, and Father” (27 June 1827).
Increasingly, therefore, their letters were filled with the discussion of the one subject which most interested them both: themselves. CFA hoped that the correspondence would lead to a formal exposition and analysis of their characters; he begged Abigail to “give me a full account of every thing which concerns you even to the most minute details,” so that he could “have something by which I may still further learn to study your character and appreciate the many good points which I have already perceived” (29 Mar. 1827). Abigail seldom attempted introspection, though she did warn Charles that she had faults: “I am even sometimes free in my manners . . . but perhaps you will make some excuse for me when you consider that I am the youngest and have been a good deal petted” (17 May 1827). Charles, on the other hand, took pains systematically to unfold his personality: “I am grave, sober, formal, precise and reserved,” he wrote (5 April 1827), but he added that his character was “not naturally reserved. Circumstances have made it so with respect to strangers” (24 April 1827). Admitting to an “unyielding temper,” he explained: “it always has been my wish to consult the feelings of others in all things where they are concerned. But in matters relating to the guidance of my own conduct, my notions of independence and of stubborn pride are almost unbounded” (4 May 1827).
As the date of CFA’s return to Massachusetts approached, the letters became more than ever full of anticipation. Shortly before leaving Washington, Charles wrote Abigail: “I am really and terribly and may I add foolishly in love with you, since it makes me say many extravagant things which, were I in my ordinary senses, I should not, but which as it is, I cannot help” (9 July 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-28

Wednesday. March 28th.

I have resumed my regular habits and find them quite agreeable. I think more of Abby than I had expected I should, especially upon the journey, and I shall most probably obtain no information of her journey until the latter end of the week. I have resumed the study of law, but without being entirely decided upon pursuing it as a profession. Mr. Webster seems to think it is a man’s only course and I am somewhat inclined to his opinion. Although in very fact my principal motive in thinking of this connection before my feelings were entangled was to avoid that labor. But I feel now like the creature of circumstances, and my own opinion of the proper course to adopt is to make the law a profession so as to rise in character, and if any thing better should present, to take it, provided it is really better. If not, it is at any rate an honorable situation and one which I ought not to complain of. My own prospects at this moment are perhaps { 115 } more brilliant than they ever will be at any other; the result is in the hands of God.
I went last evening to congratulate my friend Weed who was married to Miss McLean, the daughter of the Postmaster general.1 I could not help reflecting upon her situation with sentiments of something like doubt. The step such as it is involves much of the value of life itself, and yet it is strange to see how very few view it in that light. To some it seems a mere matter of a day’s pastime. Millions of ideas rush into my mind in thinking upon this subject, which I would rather not admit. Perhaps a day, a month, or year may increase or destroy them. I dare hardly express them to myself. The die is cast with me however and I am disposed to think that there is no retreating even if I would. But my course is most certainly so far as my own judgment can act upon it, authorized by every principle and feeling in my own mind, and although it involves my own happiness or misery to a great extent, yet it is a question which must some day or other be brought to a test and why not soon when life is new. If at any time it becomes burdensome by implicating the fortune of others besides myself, there is but one alternative, and that is too terrible to think of; I am not writing in a melancholy humour, these reflections pass my mind every day and from custom I bear them with composure. I have firm confidence in a good Providence which has never yet deserted me, and which I trust will avert the evils which I so constantly am dreading.
1. Arabella Edwards McLean, oldest daughter of John McLean (1785–1861), had just married Elijah J. Weed, of the Marine Corps (Francis P. Weisenburger, The Life of John McLean, Columbus, 1937, p. 218).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0003-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-03-31

Saturday. March 31st.

I have passed one day in study, another in fishing and a third in laziness which is not giving a very good account of my time. But I hope soon to do better. On Thursday, I wrote to Abby and propose to continue the practise twice a week during the remainder of my stay here. Wyer called to see me on that day and was as talkative as ever, after all saying nothing whatever. A pleasant rattle. Mr. Walsh of Philadelphia1 and Mr. Daniel Brent dined with us today. The former seems to be fully disposed to come right again provided his variable temper will allow him. I do not admire his political character although his literary reputation is deservedly high. And his conversational powers are very great—perhaps by this I say too much, from an acquaintance too short; but he is certainly pleasant. My father being { 116 } much taken with the miniature of myself which I had taken for Abby, seems as I understand to express a wish that I should sit for a large portrait for him. I accordingly made arrangements with Mr. King for it.2 My father was uncommonly eloquent after dinner today, and laid himself out more forcibly than usual. When he does so, how immeasureably he rises above all others. There is no comparison.
1. Robert Walsh (1784–1859), the Pennsylvania journalist and literary man, who was co-editor of the National Gazette from 1820 to 1835 and editor of the American Quarterly Review from 1827 to 1837, was in Washington to seek federal appointments for his political friends (DAB; JQA, Memoirs, 7:251–252).
2. Concerning this portrait see entry for 17 Jan. 1824, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-01

April. 1827. 1. VIII.1

Executive Record, Morning at home, Law, letter to Abby, quiet day, evening with the family.
1. From D/CFA/1.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-02

2. VII:30.

Executive Record, Morning, Mr. C. B. King, walk, first sitting, Geography, evening with the family, Cards.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-03

3. VII.

Executive Record, Morning, fishing, boat, cross the river, no sport, late return, evening, ride with the ladies.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-04

4. VII.

Executive Record, Morning at home, Starkie on Evidence,1 Geography, evening with the family, Cards.
1. Thomas Starkie, A Practical Treatise on the Law of Evidence, 3 vols., Boston, 1826.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-05

Thursday. April 5th.1

Fishing and study have constituted my most general amusements for the last week. Now and then, a sitting to Mr. King, and a letter to Abby which form my varieties of life. And in the evening, Conversation or cards with the family—and strange to say I find great pleasures in this life.
But I am tired of this way of writing my Journal. And I have now another plan. My intention for the summer is to study according to { 117 } | view the following plan. Premising that my rising hour is to be six o’clock, a great change from my old habits.
Immediately after rising, I write [the] Executive Record until four pages are completed and devote the rest of the time until breakfast to Maltebrun, and his study of Geography. At ten I commence Law and continue until one o’clock. At two I read Miscellany or write letters until four. And from four until five read a Classic. The remainder of the evening to leisure and the family—excepting only that after ten, it is my wish to record nightly how far I have kept my original determination. For after all, this is the only plan by which a journal can be carried on. In order to form a clear view of my proposition I subjoin it in numerals.
Rise at six o’clock   6.      
Executive Record, two hours   to 8.   2.  
Maltebrun’s Geography, one hour   to 9. Morning.   1.  
Breakfast, one hour’s recess   10. o’clock      
Law, three hours   to 1. Noon.   3.  
Luncheon, one hour’s recess   2. o’clock      
Miscellaneous reading or letter writing   to 4.   2.  
Study of Classics, one hour   to 5. Evening.   1.  
Leisure, Amusement, & Conversation, five hours       5.  
I have in this manner sketched a plan which I am anxious to pursue as closely as possible—and note my omissions as they occur. That they will be numerous I do not doubt. If however my performances exceed my negligences, it will be doing enough for a beginning. On some days, I shall do nothing, on others other engagements will interfere, but still it is something to have a plan—and so be it from this time forward.2
1. From D/CFA/5.
2. On this day, at least, CFA stuck closely to his schedule, spending the rainy morning at home working on the Executive Record, reading Starkie’s Treatise on Evidence, and studying geography. He spent the evening playing cards with his family (D/CFA/1).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-06

Friday. April 6th.

I arose shortly after six, wrote my portion of Record for the Morning and read a little of Maltebrun. But for the rest of the day, instead of pursuing my studies, I went fishing with John. We had not much sport. But we took off three boys from the bottom of a boat which had been upset by a squall in the Channel. One white boy and two { 118 } coloured ones. And strange to say, the white one seemed the greatest chicken of the three. He moaned the most and seemed to have shown the least courage for the emergency. Evening, Cards as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-07

Saturday. April 7th.

Completed my share of Executive Record and of Maltebrun before [I] breakfasted. After that instead of law I went to sit to King who kept me until nearly two o’clock, and I was engaged after that in arranging my father’s files of newspapers for the last month. A great bore. My spirits not remarkably good. In the evening I read a portion of Judge Cranch’s sketch of my Grandfather.1 I am clearly of opinion that he was the most extraordinary character who figured in the American revolution.
1. There is a copy of William Cranch’s Memoir of the Life, Character, and Writings of John Adams, Washington, 1827, in the Stone Library and another among JQA’s books in the Boston Athenaeum.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-08

Sunday April 8th.

I wrote my portion of Executive Record this morning and devoted the rest of the time before breakfast to finishing Judge Cranch’s Memoir. It is a sensible, well written thing in his peculiarly sententious manner. After breakfast my time was not occupied very correctly—it being wasted in doing little of any utility or profit. I wrote a letter to Richardson1 and rode with John in the evening. Conversation with the P[resident] about the Memoir.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-09

Monday April 9th.

I wrote my portion of the Executive Record and read a portion of Maltebrun before breakfast. Studied law earnestly during the morning1 and wrote to Abby. No letters yet from her. Genl. Wool called to see me and delivered a message from her which made me quite comfortable. I do love this girl as I think a woman ought to be loved. Sincerely, fervently and yet with purity and respect. I can think of her in no other light. Other women have acted upon me by a voluptuous manner, to which I am unfortunately peculiarly susceptible, but I have never known one who has produced any respect before. I have seen so much of their bad shades of character that I had doubted whether any could create a different effect on me than this single one. But the very simplicity of Abby’s character is what has struck { 119 } me most. It is a strong contrast to my previous experience of art. Enough.
I read for nearly an hour in Campbell’s Philosophy of Rhetoric which does not strike me so far as a peculiarly powerful work. There is more jingle of metaphysical titles in the work than is necessary for a book where simplicity of idea should be the object. Evening, Cards. On the whole this is a well spent day.
1. CFA continued to read Starkie’s Treatise on Evidence (D/CFA/1).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-10

Tuesday. April 10th.

Copied as much as usual but had no time for Geography. After breakfast I went to Mr. King’s and took a sitting of two hours. He threatens half a dozen more. Of course my law was deficient. I also called upon Mrs. Wool,1 and got entangled for an hour in receiving company as she accompanied me home being just ready to come when I dropped in. I then was obliged to go and ride with my Mother as Mary was not at home, which occupations engrossed almost the whole of the day. In the evening, the family went to Mrs. Rush’s. I declined, stayed at home and read Burke’s famous reflections on the Revolution in France, for the purpose of forming a deliberate opinion and an independent one. But on the whole, dissatisfied with the day.
1. Mrs. John Ellis Wool, the former Sarah Moulton (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-11

Wednesday. April 11th.

Finished the requisite quantity of Ex. Rec. and read a little of geography before breakfast, and was pretty studiously employed upon law, after which I took two hours of leisure, and went over the river. After dinner I rode to Bladensburg with John. This was one of my deeply melancholy days in which I look upon life as a thing in no respect capable of producing happiness to me. My God! The ideas which I have upon this subject are almost too dreadful to hint at. But I know most certainly that they produce deep misery to me. A short time may discover all. No letter from Abby yet, what can be the case with her; there lies the cause of all this feeling. My God! the trial is almost too severe.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-12

Thursday. April 12th.

I barely accomplished my Record without much time to give to Geography this morning. Instead of law, I took a sitting at Mr. King’s at least for two hours. The remainder of the day I employed myself { 120 } pretty closely. No letter again from Abby which had a serious effect upon my spirits. We had a small party to dine, it being George’s birthday: Genl. and Mrs. Wool, Mrs. and Miss Pleasonton, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Frye, Dr. Huntt, Mr. Wyer and Miss Roberdeau: the latter has come to pass a few days here. George and Abby were remembered in the flowing cups. But in all the gaiety I could not get over the feeling of vacancy which the scene produced. My feelings were not there. The evening seemed to pass very pleasantly however.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-13

Friday. April 13th.

My Record was done in very good time and a portion of Geography read before breakfast. The morning closely devoted to law, until the arrival of the mail which brought me the long expected letter. She had but recently reached Boston after a tedious journey. I was paid on the whole for my trouble, and spent the whole of the afternoon in writing an answer to it, which gave me almost as much pleasure to write as the other did to read. George wrote to the family to day.1 He seems to be very much disposed to fix upon Miss Amory. I do not know that he could do better, and if things correspond as I think they do, on my return to Boston, I will take that affair under my especial direction. Evening with the family.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-14

Saturday April 14th.

Performed my morning duties to my satisfaction, and took a short sitting to Mr. King so as to be able to devote an hour to law, on my return home. Employed the afternoon in writing to Richardson.1 On the whole, the day very well employed.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-15

Sunday. April 15th.

Finished my Record early and read Geography. Received letters which induced me to write fully. Miss Harriet Welsh has requested my opinion upon certain matters relating to my Mother, and what I consider my duty I never hesitate to perform. I also wrote much nonsense to George.1 The quiet of this sort of life is prodigious.
1. All these letters are missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-16

Monday. April 16th.

I was later than usual at my Record owing to some arrangements { 121 } about taking a bath, and was compelled to omit my Geography, but the remainder of the day was busily employed. Wrote a letter to Abby, and prepared for the reading of Tacitus.
My undertakings for this Summer are to be Grotius and Puffendorf in the Law of Nations,1 Coke Littleton in Law,2 and Tacitus in the Classics. No very small work. God prosper the undertaking.
1. Three sets of Hugo Grotius’ Droit de la guerre et de la paix, published in La Haye in 1703 and in Basle in 1746 and in 1768, are among JQA’s books in the Stone Library, which also contains two copies of Samuel Pufendorf’s Le droit de la nature et des gens, published in Amsterdam in 1734 and in 1795, once belonging to JQA. Among JA’s books in the Boston Public Library is a copy of Grotius’ The Rights of War and Peace, London, 1738, as well as a London edition, 1729, of Pufendorf’s Of the Law of Nature and Nations (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 111, 204).
2. Edward Coke’s famous Institutes of the Lawes of England, London, 1628–1644, in four parts, which consisted of Sir Thomas Littleton’s treatise on tenures with an elaborate commentary by Coke, long the standard authority on real property in England and America. For JA’s set of Coke’s Institutes, published in London, 1628–1681, 4 vols., see Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 54.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-17

Tuesday. April 17th.

Finished my Record and Geography in very good season. I also devoted my morning assiduously to law until the mail arrived which brought me letters from Abby and from George.1 I was too much taken with these for a time to continue my study to the close of the regular time. But I spent the remainder of the day in reading part of Campbell’s Rhetoric, Burke’s French Revolution and some little study of the previus history before taking up Tacitus. After dinner, ride with John and spent the evening with the family.
1. GWA’s letter is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-18

Wednesday [18 April].

Performed my morning duties with all propriety. Instead of law however I was engaged in sitting to Mr. King for three hours after which my time, excepting half an hour reading a life of Tacitus, was devoted to writing to my dear Abby. In the evening, attempting to amuse the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-19

Thursday. April 19th.

I was engaged in the regular performance of my duties throughout the day, until four o’clock, when I desisted as I was obliged to prepare myself for dinner at Dr. Watkins’s. We found assembled, Messrs. Hall of the Marine Corps, McKeever of the Navy, and Ramsay of { 122 } the Army, Columbus Munroe1 and two gentlemen lately arrived to take situations in the Branch bank of the U.S. in consequence of the troubles and removals which have occurred lately. The dinner was a pleasant one and the Champagne circulated freely; we were detained until after ten o’clock. It was more of a drinking set-to than any thing I have seen very lately. But we were all prudent. McKeever is a pleasant fellow and Hall really a gentleman. Walked home and went to bed fatigued and a little disgusted.
1. Lt. Joseph C. Hall, of Maryland; Lt. Isaac McKeever, of Pennsylvania; Lt. George Douglas Ramsay, of Virginia; and Columbus Munroe, a clerk in the Washington post office (Force, National Calendar, 1824, p. 157, 138, 113; Washington Directory, 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-20

Friday. April 20th.

After the duties were accomplished which are arranged before breakfast, I availed myself of a leisure day, but repented of my determination before I had been long out in executing it. I mean fishing. I felt languid and dull from the disagreeable effects of the drinking yesterday. Those days are over for me. I find myself entirely beyond relishing them. On my return I found a letter from Abby which amused and occupied me for the rest of the day. I read it over and over. But felt a little unwell from the heat of the Sun acting so long upon me. Evening at home duller than usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-21

Saturday. April 21st.

Morning duties regularly performed. I find it necessary to add another page of Record to the number required to be done, which somewhat shortens the time devoted to Geography. After breakfast I went to Mr. King’s and spent two hours looking at the worst likeness of my own face which could easily be found. Upon my return I found a letter from Richardson1 which I read, and wrote one to Abby which occupied me the remainder of the day. In the evening, a thunder storm, the first which we have had this Spring I believe. Miss Roberdeau left us after having enlivened our family society for a week.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-22

Sunday. April 22d.

I took a bath, but the water was too cold. I felt chilled during the remainder of the morning. My morning duties were performed, after which I wasted the day, employing it only in writing two letters, one { 123 } to George and the other to Richardson.1 My spirits sunk from want of occupation and it was one of my horrible days. In the evening, Reynolds, the expedition man,2 called to see me and drew me out of myself for an hour.
1. Both missing.
2. Jeremiah N. Reynolds (1799–1858), who was lecturing in Washington and was memorializing Congress to support an exploring expedition in the South Seas (JQA, Memoirs, 7:168).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-23

Monday. April 23d.

I took a bath but decided to postpone a repetition until a proper season. It is too cold as yet. Morning duties as usual. After breakfast only two hours of law. Received a letter from Abby with feelings which I will not describe. She complains, but without cause so far as I am concerned.1 She ought to have received a letter on the day she wrote. Employment of time rather desultory and spirits rather low. General Wool called to see me, he has just returned from one short trip of Inspection and goes again to morrow. Dined at Mr. Vaughan’s. The celebration of St. George’s day, which is meant as a celebration of his Majesty’s birth day, which does not come equally convenient. At least so it would seem. Present, the Corps Diplomatique, the Cabinet Ministers who are in town, Mr. Brent, Mr. Thos. Law,2 Dr. Huntt and ourselves (J. and I). Dinner dull as I drank no wine. Sat between Brent and Law. The latter very amusing. He is a character entirely original. But I was glad to have it over and return home.
1. His fiancée complained of not hearing from CFA: “Oh I begin to feel as if I was forgotten. . . . They insist at home upon telling me that Charles is quite tired of me . . .” (Abigail B. Brooks to CFA, 18 April 1827, Adams Papers).
2. One of the original proprietors who bought land in the District of Columbia, Thomas Law was a land speculator, a manufacturer, a versifier, and a charter member of the Columbian Institute (Constance McLaughlin Green, Washington: Village and Capital, 1800–1878, Princeton, 1962, p. 19, 28, 35, 51, 67, 69).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-24

Tuesday April 24th.

Morning exercises performed as usual. I took my last sitting at Mr. King’s today, and am not well satisfied with the result. But as it is not for me, I have felt less interest in it although I would wish [word or words missing] for the sake of the family, at least those of it who wish me well. My day was broken, I could not go through my prescribed duties, indeed there has been no day yet in which I have thoroughly adhered to them. But they will do, if only partially pursued, and in future I have less impediment. I wrote to Abby the { 124 } answer to her’s of yesterday. And in the evening I went through one of those disagreeable scenes which occur sometimes in life. No man of sense will ever keep a Mistress. For if she is valuable, the separation when it comes is terrible, and if she is not, she is more plague than profit. Ever since my engagement, I have been preparing for a close of my licentious intrigues, and this evening I cut the last cord which bound me.1 What a pity that experience is always to be learnt over and over by each succeeding generation.
1. Since there is no other evidence, aside from this diary entry, to indicate that CFA had a mistress, his recent biographer thinks this passage a “youthful exaggeration” (Duberman, CFA, p. 429, note). There could, however, have been further mention of the liaison in the journals which CFA epitomized in 1829 because they contained “follies” (see entry for 26 May 1829, below). The shocked tone of CFA’s comment upon Johnson Hellen’s marriage to LCA’s servant, Jane Winnull (d. 1875), is possibly a clue that his own affair was with a person of the same low social standing. See entries for 20 and 25 April 1829, below, and Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-25

Wednesday April 25th.

Morning exercises as usual. But I was very negligent in the remaining duties. Having succeeded only in reading a little of Mr. Burke and of Tacitus. The day was distinguished by nothing remarkable excepting perhaps a dull head ach and a slight return of the pain in my side which I had in the Winter. The former went off however in the course of the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-26

Thursday. April 26th.

I did this day for the first time perform all my required duties, and the satisfaction it produces is worth the labour it cost me. And after all the employment kept me from low spirits. In the evening, took a ride with John.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-27

Friday. April 27th.

I wrote my Record and performed my duty in Geography exceedingly well. But after Breakfast, instead of studying, I wasted the day in fishing and came home in bad humour. This was much increased by a mistake in not receiving a letter from Abby immediately and thereby concluding that there was none. I afterwards got it, but it produced very little gratification, why or wherefore I could not myself divine. I had a nervous head ach for the remainder of the day and cursed my fishing excursion. I rode with Madame, and answered Abby’s letter in the evening but in less spirit than usual. I am afraid { 125 } I am growing a little jealous. Her last seems written with more effort than the others.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-28

Saturday April 28th.

I arose one hour later than usual, owing to my servants carrying away my clothes, and I could not dress myself. This created an omission of Geography. I studied Law however, and wrote to Richardson.1 The day not remarkable otherwise.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-29

Sunday. April 29th.

I finished my Record and Geography as usual, but spent the principal part of the day in reviewing the Newspapers of the week. Particularly in reading some papers of Mr. Reynolds upon the subject of his expedition. I think him very clever, but without polish to make it tell as it ought. Afterwards I wrote to George quite a long letter1 and spent the evening with the family.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0004-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-04-30

Monday. April 30th.

Morning occupied as usual. Studied during the day due portions of Grotius, Coke, Burke, Campbell and Tacitus, in this way fulfilling my tasks most completely. Received a delightful letter from my dear Abby, which has again restored my spirits, and in the evening felt well satisfied with myself.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-01

Tuesday [1 May].

Morning as usual. Occupation regular throughout the day. I wrote a long letter to Abby in a style rather more lively than usual. In the evening amused myself with Music and Billiards with the ladies. Miss Roberdeau came again yesterday to spend some days. This was May day, but a colder one I have seldom felt.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-02

Wednesday. May 2d.

As much fire in my room as in winter. The day was spent in study almost incessant. So much so that I felt the effect of it in the day time. But the evening’s relaxation restored me and preserved me from impending headach. I performed all my duties to admiration today. But am apprehensive that I shall not be able to continue so intensely. { 126 } Family rather dull today. I played Billiards with Mary in the evening. Nothing remarkable to record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-03

Thursday. May 3d 1827.

I performed my exercises of the Morning with great regularity. And received a long and gratifying letter from my dear Abby. Mr. Reynolds called to see me and remained an hour talking of his expedition and finally came down as I had long expected, with his regular subscription list. As I had said so much, of course something was to be expected, and I was compelled to put myself down. In the evening we had a dull party of people consisting of the brides, Mrs. Mason, Mrs. Cooper, and Mrs. Weed,1 and the Roberdeaus, and McLeans. It was very stupid. Mr. and Mrs. Frye and Miss Buchanan,2 together with Mr. Myers who by unlucky fate just dropped in to be invited. Glad when they were all gone.
1. Mrs. John Mason Jr. was the former Catherine Macomb, daughter of General Alexander Macomb (CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 5 April 1827). Her sister-in-law, Sarah Maria Mason, had just married Lt. Samuel Cooper, of the Army (Columbian Centinel, 18 April 1827). The marriage of Arabella Edwards McLean to E. J. Weed has previously been noted (see entry for 28 Mar., above).
2. Mary Buchanan (1800–1879), daughter of the late Andrew Buchanan by his first marriage, lived with her stepmother, Mrs. Nathaniel Frye. Although she was not a blood relation, LCA treated her as a niece. She later married the eminent New Yorker, Nathan Sanford. See Adams Genealogy, and DAB, under her husband’s name.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-04

Friday. May 4th.

Morning as usual. But Wyer interrupted me in my Law and so I lost an hour. The afternoon was entirely occupied in writing an answer to Abby. In the evening I rode out with John. We went to the burying ground on the Eastern branch as I happened to say in going near it that I had never seen it. It will in time be a melancholy monument. Clinton and Gerry1 are now the most distinguished of those who lie there. The members of Congress have only a simple low block of stone with their names. In treading over remains of useful and distinguished men an awe strikes me which in common places of this sort I never feel. Indeed having diverged a little, my risibles were a little excited by these lines

Weep not, my wife, nor mother dear

Your son’s not dead but sleeping here.

Billiards in the evening.
1. George Clinton (1739–1812) and Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), both Vice-Presidents, were buried in the congressional cemetery in Washington.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-05

Saturday May 5th.

Morning as usual. I commenced another of the volumes of the Record making the fourth. After breakfast I went to sit to Mr. King in consequence of dissatisfaction expressed by my Mother at the resemblance as it stands. I spent the day lazily on the whole, reading only Burke and Tacitus. Evening, a ride and conversation at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-06

Sunday. May 6th.

Morning as usual. I employed myself during the day in arranging my papers for the week and month, and wrote a letter to Richardson.1 Hardly any thing else done. Evening at home.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-07

Monday 7th.

Morning a little later and consequently studied Geography after breakfast. Law as usual. Received a letter from Abby, which I wrote an answer to directly and which occupied me the remainder of the day. Evening Billiards with the family. I heard to day of the death of my good old Master Dr. Ironside of whom I have said much in the commencement of this book. He was the only Instructor I ever had who ever conciliated my affections. A good, mild tempered, kind-hearted man. There are few who would create in me such feelings of regret. But it is the fate of all sooner or late.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-08

Tuesday 8th.

Performed the requisite duties of the Morning, but spent the day fishing with John and found better sport than we have yet had this summer. But on my return, I felt so exhausted that I think I shall have to give up these trips in the boat. The rowing is too much for me. Not so much on account of strength however as the fear of receiving injury from the exertion. Evening quietly in my room as the family had gone to pass the Evening at my aunt Frye’s.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-09

Wednesday 9th May.

Morning duties as usual. And law with the rest excepting an hour in which I was engaged in trying to get a tooth extracted but the Dentist had left the City for the day. It has required no ordinary degree of resolution to come to the decision that it should be done, and the delay therefore affected my spirits. Indeed this was one of my deeply melancholy days. God knows, they come often now. We had a party to dine, { 128 } to make the matter worse, as I am in no humor to entertain company at this season of the year. Mrs., Miss and Columbus Munroe, Mrs. Rush Senior, Messrs. Rush and Southard, Dr. and Mrs. Watkins, Mr. Cutts, Mr. Lee, Mrs. Cooper, the bride, and Mr. A. Vail made the company, which was very stupid.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-10

Thursday. 10th May.

Very heavy rain. Duties tolerably performed, although my spirits much in the same condition as owing to the damp I did not dare to go out to try my tooth. No letter from Abby, but I felt the first slight reaction in the course of writing a letter to her. In the evening the weather cleared. Alone with Madame as Mary had gone to a party at Miss Baker’s.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-11

Friday 11th May.

I went this morning after finishing my Record, to the Dentist’s and suffered the disagreeable sensations consequent upon the extraction of a large tooth. Dr. Gunnell1 was however much more successful and calm in his operation than the man some weeks since who so tortured me as to make my resolution a very painful one to execute. The day was spent in occupation at home. Received a letter from Abby and on the whole felt much better. Evening alone at home.
1. Dr. James S. Gunnell had his office on Pennsylvania Avenue, between 9th and 10th streets (Washington Directory, 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-12

Saturday May 12th.

Performed my duties tolerably well today. After the duties of the morning I sat down and wrote a long letter to Richardson in answer to one received yesterday which was of more merit than usual as it regards vivacity and life.1 Quite a contrast to that of the preceding week. Very little of moment going on. The political world seems to be settling into quiet after the storm and the Clouds show signs of clearing. Evening at home and quiet.
1. Both letters are missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-13

Sunday May 13th.

I was quite busy all day but what constituted my occupation beyond filing my papers I cannot think.1 In the afternoon I was fully occupied in writing to Abby, in answer to her’s received last Friday. In the evening Miss Mary Buchanan came to remain with us a few days.
{ 129 }
1. CFA also worked on the Executive Record, read Disraeli’s Vivian Grey, and began An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of his Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, ed. John Hawkesworth, 3 vols., London, 1773 (D/CFA/1).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-14

Monday. May 14th.

Employed much as usual. I commenced another volume of my Copy of the Executive Record, making the third and probably the last which I shall accomplish during my stay here. Not finishing as I had intended in consequence of the abridgment of my stay. I received a letter from Abby.1 During the two past days I have been reading Vivian Grey and finished it to day instead of reading Law. At least I found it impossible to do so. The book strikes me as of very considerable merit. Not being able to fix upon any thing in the way of study after it, I went to fish.2
1. Missing.
2. CFA also read Hawkesworth’s Voyages. He spent the evening with the ladies of the family (D/CFA/1).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-15

Tuesday May 15th.

Missing the performance of my Record I arose very early indeed and went out to fish with John. The weather became bad very soon which drove us down to the Bridge by way of protection where we found excellent sport. On my return I was agreeably surprised by another letter from Abby, with an inclosure from Harriet Welsh.1 Very much fatigued.
1. Concerned over GWA’s unsteady habits and over his distaste “for his office as a law place,” Harriet Welsh advised CFA to persuade his brother to come to Washington for the summer (Harriet Welsh to CFA, 11 May 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-16

Wednesday May 16th.

Owing to my fatigue I did not perform my exercises as usual before breakfast. And consequently was occupied during a large part of the morning in making up the omissions for the two mornings regular occupation. But my law suffered in consequence. I barely finished this when I sat down to write to Abby an answer to the two last of her’s. Our information from Boston has been that George has failed in his election to the Legislature on the first trial, but with such a vote that it is probable he will succeed in the next.1 Evening at home as usual. Billiards.
1. Running for the Massachusetts legislature on a pro-Administration ticket, GWA received 1430 votes, but 1585 were required for a choice. His defeat was apparently due to the presence of five tickets in the field, for only candidates who received the endorsement of two or more factions were chosen (JQA, Diary, 16 May 1827; Columbian Centinel, 9 and 12 May { 130 } 1827). Promptly renominated, GWA also failed on the second election attempt (Columbian Centinel, 19 May 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-17

Thursday May 17th.

After the finishing of the Record which has of late always occupied me until breakfast time to the great injury of my reading of Voyages, I went out with John in a sail boat and went to the bridge but not striking good ground and the wind dying away, we did not succeed very well in fishing. This was the first regular warm day we have had. We did not return until late. I forgot to mention that Miss Roberdeau returned the Tuesday1 on a continuation of her visit and Miss Buchanan went away today.
1. Thus in MS.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-18

Friday May 18th.

Occupations of the morning tolerably well performed. I did not read Coke today, otherwise regular. Received a letter from Richardson1 and spent my afternoon in rather a lazy manner as I felt as if I had not yet recovered from the fatigue of the other day. I read Tacitus as usual however and wrote a draught of a letter I am to send to Mr. Brooks, which I put by to consider of.
We had company to dine at the House today. Mr. and Mrs. Clay, Mr. and Mrs. Mason, Mr. and Mrs. Macomb, Mr. and Mrs. Mason Junr., Mr. and Mrs. Gales, Mrs. Johnston, Captains Hull2 and Chauncey and Lieut. Gordon of the Navy3 composed the company. It was stupid, particularly as I got situated directly between the new married Couple to whom the dinner was given. Evening dull. Billiards with the family. My feelings are rapidly undergoing a change here as I no longer feel the interest in things here which I had. My thoughts, feelings and affections lead me to think of another quarter. The family too seems to have lost the tone which it used to be my gratification to cultivate. I came here with feelings of the most anxious kind to remain, and was unhappy if I was absent, looking upon this place as the centre of pleasure and happiness. It has now lost all its attractions and I am anxious to leave it. Such are the effects of time, and the power of circumstances.
1. Missing.
2. Isaac Hull (1773–1843), the famous naval officer who had commanded the Constitution in her fight with the Guerrière (DAB).
3. Lt. William L. Gordon, of Virginia (Force, National Calendar, 1824, p. 133).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-19

Saturday May 19th.

I performed all my exercises tolerably well today with the exception { 131 } of my Voyages, which I had no time to read a part of. I received a letter from Abby in low spirits. My method of writing has at last affected her so much that I find it necessary to change it and this day wrote laughable things. But I am afraid she will grow suspicious of my quizzing her. She is a little too fearful of me, but in time that will wear off. I am now so involved in her fate that my own will materially depend upon it. I trust to a directing Providence.
I read Tacitus after it, and in the evening after a ride I was dull in the parlor as the ladies only hummed songs.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-20

Sunday May 20th.

I was employed in arranging Newspapers and in making up the deficiencies of the week. In my Executive Record and in Voyages. I also wrote to Richardson.1 On the whole was very well occupied, particularly as the evening was included, owing to the going to Church of the ladies. A New and extraordinary incident. News quite deficient and my spirits merely tolerable.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-21

Monday May 21st.

Rainy and cold. The weather makes me sleepy so that it was late before I arose and was therefore obliged to make up my Executive Record during the day which prevented my reading Coke. I altered my draught of a letter to Mr. Brooks and read Tacitus. On the whole was tolerably well employed. Billiards in the evening with the ladies.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-22

Tuesday May 22d.

Occupied during the day very attentively upon my duties. I received a letter from Abby in the serious style which I answered immediately. Otherwise little or nothing occurred of much moment. Life here in summer is pleasant but monotonous. In the evening Billiards.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-23

Wednesday. May 23d.

Morning occupied as usual. Having finished my law I thought I would take some leisure during the afternoon and so I went fishing. Returned to dinner and in the evening Billiards and the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-24

Thursday May 24th.

Morning as usual. Occupied very much all day. I employed the afternoon in writing the final copy of the letter to Mr. Brooks, of which { 132 } I took a Copy for myself.1 This is a matter which I am delighted to get over, but I shall wait the answer with some doubt. It is an exposition of my situation so far as I am able to judge of it. I did not send it today. In the evening Mr., Mrs. Frye, Miss Buchanan and the Miss Roberdeaus spent the evening here, which was very much as usual.
1. Writing to his future father-in-law, CFA tried to answer objections which he thought might be made to his engagement to Abigail. He admitted having proposed precipitously, but “Time, want of communication, no acquaintance with the friends she confided [in], and . . . the rumor of assiduous rivals were ideas . . . constantly . . . before my imagination. . . .” As to his ability to support a wife, CFA candidly reviewed his financial, prospects. JQA’s fortune was “tolerably handsome but of a nature not very serviceable to himself”; if defeated in the approaching presidential election, he would be obliged to bear the expense of setting up a new domestic establishment at Quincy. In that event, all his sons would have to make financial sacrifices; “for myself,” CFA declared, “I am sure that I would be the last person to wish to trouble him at a time when he would require any thing but annoying solicitation.” To quiet fears that he might follow the family tradition and quit the law for politics, CFA wrote that he disliked public life. So long as GWA continued in politics, CFA would be content with his profession. Should his brother fail, however, CFA might feel compelled to seek public office, so that the character of the Adams “name should not be said to deteriorate in the generation to which I belong” (CFA to P. C. Brooks, 24 May 1827, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-25

Friday May 25th.

Morning as usual. No letter from Abby. I have forgotten to mention that George had lost his seat in the Legislature which will probably affect his spirits. Only eight of thirty chosen.1 I went to fish but without any sport today. I finished the copy of Mr. B.’s letter and also wrote one to Abby, which were sent. In the evening at home alone as the family were out.
1. See entry for 16 May, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-26

Saturday May 26th.

Morning spent in a fishing excursion without any sport and from which I did not return without having gained a head-ache. I re-commenced my baths this morning. Received a pleasant letter from Abby, but I slept almost all the afternoon. I find my eyes for the first time much affected.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-27

Sunday. May 27th.

Occupied as usual upon Sundays. Filing Newspapers and reviewing the deficiencies of the week but my eyes prevented my devoting much attention to supplying them. In the afternoon I wrote a letter to Richardson1 and read a part of the last voyage of Captn. Cook. This { 133 } is a new field to me and displays some of the most interesting fields for observation of which I can imagine, although heretofore it has been but little examined into. Evening with the family.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-28

Monday May 28th 1827.

I performed my usual duties with very tolerable regularity. Wrote a letter to Abby. Nothing very particular occurred during the day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-29

Tuesday May 29th.

Went through as usual today. I received a letter from Abby at Medford. Otherwise nothing of importance took place. No sign of existence from George for some time. In the evening I went to my Uncle Tom Johnson’s where we spent the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-30

Wednesday May 30th.

After breakfast and before I had quite finished my Record, I was called upon to go with the ladies. They had formed a party to go with the Roberdeaus to Fort Washington.1 We went to Alexandria in the Carriage and from there to the Fort in the Barge belonging to it, having met Colonel Armistead2 and Mr. Geo. W. Slocum. The day was pleasant though warm. We reached the Fort in an hour, and a quarter. Having passed a few hours there and seen the Fort besides taking a little collation at the Colonel’s, we returned, and reached Washington at 8. Colonel Armistead has a pretty residence there and improved it with some taste; he seems to be a mild good sort of man. We saw some of the garrison Officers and their wives together with a Mr. Minor whose exact situation I could not discover. He was a Virginian, I discovered shortly from his allusions and his politics, which were not apparently consonant however to the reigning creed in that State. I was so tired and out of my usual tone that I was glad soon to retreat.
1. Twelve miles down the Potomac, Fort Washington was the capital’s chief defense against naval attack (Green, Washington, p. 54).
2. Presumably Col. Walker Keith Armistead, of Virginia (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0005-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-05-31

Thursday May 31st.

I performed my duties quite tolerably this morning and wrote a letter to Abby in the afternoon. Nothing else remarkable however occurred. This monotony of life, though very terrible in the journal, { 134 } is a certain sign of the happiness which attends it. In the evening the ladies retired very early on account of fatigue.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-01

Friday June 1st.1

My eyes and teeth trouble me. The first having been injured by the water, fishing and by the reading, the second being as usual in bad order. I went to the Dentist this morning who promised to do his best, which will not be much I am afraid. I received a letter from Richardson,2 but was occupied almost all day in pasting my name to my books. Evening at home as usual.
1. In the morning CFA took a bath, worked on the Executive Record, and read Captain Cook’s account of his voyages (D/CFA/1).
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-02

Saturday June 2d.1

I did nothing to day but write my record and go to see the Dentist who filed some of my teeth, but I have lost all hope of saving them. I received a letter from Abby and wrote a large part of one to Richardson2 which completed all my useful occupation.
1. Again CFA had a morning bath, worked on the Executive Record, and read Captain Cook (D/CFA/1).
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-03

Sunday. June 3d.

I arose very early this morning and wrote my portion of Record as usual. The day was very rainy and unpleasant. My time was occupied in reading Cook’s account of his last Voyage, in filing Newspapers, and in completing my letter to Richardson and writing one to Abby. Evening at home but the family are dull.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-04

Monday June 4th.

Bath and Executive Record as usual. But my eyes being in a condition not to allow me to study, I was but little occupied in any thing but arranging my books, and making an attempt at painting in Indian Ink as I have some curiosity to learn colouring.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-05

Tuesday. June 5th 1827.

I did not occupy myself much today as my time was taken up in walking into the City on some little affair for my Father relative to an Auction of Mr. Ironside’s books, which took place in the evening, and where I attended to make some purchases for him and for myself. I { 135 } received a very pleasant letter from Abby today. Poor Ironside, among things which I say [saw?] brought up vivid recollections of ancient days and made me feel the reality that he had ceased to exist.1 But one short year since and in this journal, in this very book, he plays a very different part. I bought some few things merely to remember him and was glad to find things generally sold well, on account of the distressed condition of his family.
1. Sentence defective.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-06

Wednesday June 6th.

After the morning exercises I went down to give King the last sitting, which has been hanging over as a bore for some time past. He has not made a good picture in my humble opinion but as it is not for me, I should not say even quite as much as I do. I wrote in the afternoon a long letter to Abby and spent the evening, after a ride with John, alone in my room, as the ladies were gone to my Uncle’s.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-07

Thursday. June 7th.

After the morning duties, I joined my brother John in a fishing excursion to the bridge where we had a pleasanter time than usual, and I did not suffer from headach, having a lighter hat. Returned in time to dine, and after a ride with the ladies, evening at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-08

Friday. June 8th.

After the morning’s occupation I agreed to go fishing with my brother John, and we spent the day having some tolerable sport down at the bridge, which is the best place in the river. On my return I found a letter from Abby, and also found two gentlemen, Mr. Reed1 and his son, who dined with us. They are from Philadelphia. Miss Selina Roberdeau is now on a visit here. Rode with John.
1. Joseph Reed (1772–1846), the son of the Revolutionary statesman of that name, was recorder of the city of Philadelphia from 1810 to 1829 (JQA, Diary, 8 June 1827; Appletons’ Cyclo. Amer. Biog.).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-09

Saturday. June 9th.

Morning as usual. But the day was passed in arranging Mr. Ironside’s books and pamphlets for binding and in a variety of light occupations. So that the day passed with great rapidity. In the afternoon I wrote to Abby and rode with the ladies. A thunder shower in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-10

Sunday. June 10th.

Morning occupations. A great deal of time occupied in reading and filing Newspapers. An employment very attractive but not very profitable. I wrote to Richardson1 and read some of Captain Cooke but had reason for dissatisfaction upon the whole. Rode with John and evening with the ladies.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-11

Monday June 11th.

I spent the day at home very quietly indeed. Nothing of any kind happened which could be considered remarkable. In the evening after a ride, we went to hear Mrs. Knight sing.1 She gave a Concert this evening which was not much attended. I like her particular style of singing although I cannot admire her voice nor the character of her style. That is to say, I do not think mere ballad singing any very remarkable standard of music. Returned early.
1. The English vocalist, Mrs. Edward Knight, formerly Mary Ann Povey, who had made her American debut in 1826 (Ireland, Records of the N.Y. Stage, 1:511).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-12

Tuesday June 12th.

At home all day. Whom should I see today upon entering my brother’s room but Mr. Blunt. He is vain and silly as ever but more important than usual. It is a misfortune that his fine talents should be so obscured by his conceit. In the evening I went with the Ladies to Dr. Watkins’. We had a small party and dull as Summer parties usually are. Mrs. Knight sang better this evening. The party was collected to hear her. Received a letter from Abby and wrote a Reply.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-13

Wednesday June 13th.

I arose very early this morning and went out fishing with my brother John. It was some time before we got fairly out and after all we were not very successful. I felt extremely unwell all day, and upon my return decided upon renouncing fishing for the future as the weather has become altogether too warm. Blunt dined with us. Miss Selina Roberdeau took leave. Ride in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-14

Thursday June 14th.

I took some Medicine this morning, not feeling well pleased by the symptoms yesterday. This detained me at home all day. It was very warm and in the evening the clouds collected and we had a thunder { 137 } storm. I went to ride with the Ladies, who were going to Mr. T. B. Johnson’s, but the rain threatened and prevented them.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-15

Friday June 15th.

The weather being warm, I remained at home during the day but I did not feel the heat at all. This is a very delightful Summer house on that account. A letter from Abby. My occupations of late have not been so regular as they should be, I must soon make an alteration. My eyes are still troublesome. In the evening I rode with John, and returning saw Blount. He also spent the evening with the Ladies. Wrote to Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-16

Saturday. June 16th.

Morning at home, Weather being very warm, I was not so well engaged as I should have been though. My time was a little wasted, it must be confessed. I forgot to mention yesterday that I received three letters, one from Abby, one from Mr. Brooks in answer to mine1 and one from Richardson.2 The second was a mild, moderate answer and pleased me well, although in very general terms. Two gentlemen dined here, Messrs. Talliaferro of Virginia and C. Biddle of Philadelphia.3 Blunt was to have been here but he left the City. In the evening a ride.
1. P. C. Brooks declared himself pleased with CFA’s letter of 24 May, “not only as shewing a thoughtfulness and forecast not always to be found in young gentlemen of your time of life, but as indicating fixed views for the future” (Brooks to CFA, 11 June 1827, Adams Papers).
2. Missing.
3. John Taliaferro (1768–1852), who served as a Virginia Congressman from 1824 to 1831 and from 1835 to 1843 (Biog. Dir. Cong.); Clement Cornell Biddle (1784–1855), a Philadelphia lawyer, who had served in the War of 1812 and had edited Say’s work on political economy (Appletons’ Cyclo. Amer. Biog.).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-17

Sunday June 17th.

Engaged in filing Newspapers. I also wrote a letter to Richardson1 and read a little but on the whole I did not feel satisfied with the quantity of my occupation. Little happened worthy of notice.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-18

Monday June 18th.

Morning exercises as usual. I occupied myself until noon, and then it being a cool day, I went into the town to purchase two or three things of which I was in want. On my return I received a letter from Abby, { 138 } and during the afternoon, employed myself in writing an answer. In the evening I went to ride with the ladies as usual and spent the evening afterwards quietly at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-19

Tuesday June 19th.

Morning exercises as usual, and in the day I returned very considerably to my old avocations. I went to day according to invitation to Genl. Mason’s, to dine, at the Island, he calls it Analostan Island, although at the present time it is only a peninsula.1 After waiting at the ferry which is somewhat inconvenient when the guests come together too rapidly, we at last arrived and found the spot much more beautiful than I had imagined. It is a fine place for sentiment and romance. The party at dinner consisted of Captain Bainbridge, Warrington and ladies,2 Mr. Vaughan and his attachées, Gov. Barbour, Col. Mercer, Mr. Montoya, and a Mr. Smith of Georgetown whom I never saw before. I sat between Bainbridge and Montoya, and the dinner was as pleasant as usual. After waiting again sometime, we returned calling for the ladies at Uncle Johnson’s. I forgot to enumerate Genl. Macomb.
1. John Mason, the son of George Mason, the author of the Virginia Bill of Rights, and the father of John Mason Jr., whose marriage CFA had recently noted (see entry for 3 May, above), made his summer home on Analostan Island, in the Potomac River opposite Washington (Mason, Life and Correspondence, p. 7–9).
2. William Bainbridge (1774–1833), a naval officer who had served with distinction in the quasi-war with France in 1798, in the conflict with the Barbary pirates, and in the War of 1812, and his wife, the former Susan Hyleger; Lewis Warrington (1782–1851), who was one of the three commissioners of the navy board, charged with the administration of the navy materiel, and his wife, the former Margaret Cary King (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-20

Wednesday June 20th.

Morning as usual at home. I am now gradually attempting to return to my old habits. But indulgence has weakened them. The accounts from England relating the state of political parties in consequence of Mr. Canning’s promotion1 are very amusing. I am struck particularly with the similarity to our State of things here. Two gentlemen, Col. Crowell2 and Col. Trumbull, dined with us today. The former, the famous actor in the Georgia affair. After dinner I went out to take a ride as usual and spent the evening with the ladies.
1. On 10 April 1827 George IV directed George Canning (1770–1827) to form a new administration, with himself as Prime Minister (DNB).
2. John Crowell, the conscientious United States Indian agent, who was attempting to protect the Creek nation against an unfair treaty which Georgia authorities had tricked the Indian leaders into signing (JQA, Diary, 20 June 1827; Bemis, JQA, 2:80).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-21

Thursday June 21st.

Morning as usual. Exercises not well performed but it is well to commence on them. I received no letter from Abby today. But I wrote quite a long one, which rather surprised me as I had but little subject, for I cannot write love letters in the silly style. In the evening a ride and evening at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-22

Friday. June 22d.

I recommenced my practice of bathing in the morning, left off for some days on account of a pain in my breast. I studied quite well today and on the whole got through the day. I received a letter from Abby with some striking things in it.1 One also from Richardson.2 In the evening, a ride with Madame.
1. Abigail wrote of GWA’s unhappy love affair with Mary C. Hellen and expressed her belief “that nothing on earth would induce him to renew the connection” (Abigail B. Brooks to CFA, 17 June 1827, Adams Papers).
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-23

Saturday June 23d.

Morning as usual. I read but without much effect, my mind being full of other things which I found it impossible to expel. This might be owing as much to the dryness of Grotius as any thing else. I finished it however and much to my joy. Little or nothing of any consequence, during the day, and in the evening a ride and billiards.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-24

Sunday June 24th.

Morning as usual. In the day I was occupied in filing and arranging papers as usual. After which I sat down and wrote a long letter to Abby in answer to her last. In which I got over the subject which she touches, for the present. At some future time it will be well to say more of it.1 In the evening I took a ride with my father and Mother. The former of these two seems in very low spirits today and not in good health. I have felt much concerned for him.2
1. CFA warned his fiancée that GWA’s severity toward Mary C. Hellen was “a sure sign that passion is still at the bottom,” and he promised at some future time to give a full history of Mary’s flirtations (CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 24 June 1827, Adams Papers).
2. Because of ill health JQA was temporarily forced to suspend his morning swims in the Potomac and to substitute a walk in the fields (JQA, Diary, 25 June 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-25

Monday June 25th.

I employed myself at home during the day, and as Grotius was finished, I sat down to read Coke more constantly. My occupations { 140 } were tolerably regular. In the evening I rode with John, and afterwards played Billiards.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-26

Tuesday. June 26th.

Occupations much as usual, my mind is very considerably distracted in a manner which is both new and very unaccountable. I have been studying the reasons of it. In the evening Miss Roberdeau came to spend some time again. We took a ride and afterwards played billiards. A letter from Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-27

Wednesday June 27th.

The round of my occupations is so very monotonous as hardly to make it worthwhile to mention them. Little or nothing distinguished this day from any of the others. I wrote to Abby in the afternoon. Evening as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-28

Thursday June 28th.

A letter came from George today complaining of an accident which he met with and whining about his general health as an excuse for neglect of writing. This put Madame into a fit of tears and it was not till evening that I discovered she had determined to go on to Boston alone. I was not asked my opinion and did not give any although I certainly had one. Nor could I analyze my mother’s motives for her course. But I certainly felt most prodigiously provoked by George and his nonsense.1 In the evening we had a numerous Company here. It was exceedingly warm and we felt in little disposition to be agreeable. But the evening passed off and we retired in hopes Madame would change her mind.
1. GWA’s letter is missing. In fact, he seems to have been seriously ill with an abscess (LCA to JQA, 6 July 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-29

Friday June 29th.

Morning occupation as usual. Madame left us today attended only by two Servants. I will not express my sentiments upon this occasion. They are sentiments of deep regret at any rate. The family were quite dull in consequence. The departure will only have the effect of spoiling a portion of the pleasure of the summer here. But I am always of opinion that there are advantages resulting from every thing and I see some in this very case.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0006-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-06-30

Saturday June 30th.

Miss Roberdeau and Mary remain to take care of the family. I studied as usual. Received a letter from Abby which did not please me, and this added to my feelings at the moment, produced rather a querulous reply.1 In the evening I rode with John.
1. Abigail wrote that her former suitor, Ignatius Sargent, who was a business partner of Peter C. Brooks Jr., had come to Medford twice during the previous week to see her (Abigail B. Brooks to CFA, 24 June 1827, Adams Papers). CFA replied stiffly that it seemed that Sargent “was yielding to an unnecessary temptation to see a great deal of you,” but he added: “I am not jealous of him for the single reason that I am not afraid of you” (CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 30 June 1827, same).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-01

Sunday July 1st.

Occupied as usual filing newspapers, and did but very little else during the remainder of the day. I wrote however a reply1 to a letter from Richardson which I received some days since and in the evening rode with the ladies.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-02

Monday July 2d.

I omitted to read Coke upon Littleton this morning and occupied myself in trying to get through all the labor of effectually securing my title to my books. I received a letter from Abby which put me into very good spirits. And the day passed more pleasantly than any one which we have had since Madame’s departure. But the weather is very warm. A ride and Billiards in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-03

Tuesday July 3rd.

My avocations as usual. No thing of particular interest. Feeling particularly affectionate I wrote a letter to Abby which is the first really deserving the title of love letter.1 We had a small party to dine consisting of Genl. Macomb and Cols. Roberdeau and Thayer of the Army, Count de Menou,2 and Mr. Frye, a small and rather pleasant dinner. In the evening, a ride, very warm.
1. CFA wrote: “I have been thinking of you in all the delightful views which my mind brings up, and I find that language is entirely too poor to give expression to them. It is impossible for me to repeat the . . . cant of every day love letters. . . . I could not call you ‘my angel’ if I thought you so. For all this is Common place. The most foolish trifler would use the same words in addressing the weakest of women” (CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 3 July 1827, Adams Papers).
2. The French chargé d’affaires at Washington (Force, National Calendar, 1828, p. 283).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-04

Wednesday July 4th.

Of course, a great deal of noise and dust and heat. The President opened the House as usual, after the ceremonies of the day which I avoided. The people literally are the visiters on this day, and have fairly driven every body away from attending. I could not bear an existence for longer than two minutes among the heated and not very agreeable breezes of the Circular Saloon. My feelings certainly tend to the aristocratic opinions, and I have reasoned with myself enough to counteract it. But it is of no use. Early rooted opinions will probably have a material influence upon my future success. The weather which had been terribly warm all day, cooled off with the assistance of a thunder shower. A ride in the evening, and conversation with Mary.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-05

Thursday July 5th.

Exercises as usual. The weather has moderated very considerably. But little of interest happened today. Miss Mary Roberdeau left us today having exhibited herself in this last stay, much more foolish even than I had formerly thought her. The house seems dull however.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-06

Friday July 6th.

Exercises as usual. I did not feel well and in exceeding low spirits. Received a letter from Abby, which I answered. The Marion Rifle Company from Baltimore took leave of the President to day. They have been amusing themselves for two or three days here.1 In the evening a ride and quiet at home.
1. The Baltimore rifle company, which was going to visit Georgetown, gave the President a “marching salute” in the morning and, passing the White House again in the afternoon as they returned, “gave it a salute of three cheers” (JQA, Diary, 6 July 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-07

Saturday July 7th.

The days pass so quietly that I hardly think it worth while to record any thing in my Journal. It will not be so long. I received a letter from Richardson,1 and finished the first volume of Coke, otherwise nothing remarkable.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-08

Sunday July 8th.

Morning occupied filing Papers much as usual and reading the News. The day passed without bringing with it any particular occurrence. The political world somewhat agitated by the production of a { 143 } letter of General Jackson’s asserting a corrupt offer to him by the friends of Mr. Clay at the last election.1
1. On 5 June 1827 Andrew Jackson wrote Carter Beverley that during the recent presidential contest one of Clay’s friends, “a member of Congress of high respectability,” approached him with the suggestion of a coalition. If Jackson announced that he would not retain JQA as Secretary of State—and thus presumably would appoint Clay to that post—the Kentuckian’s friends “would put an end to the Presidential contest in one hour.” Jackson declared that he had spurned the corrupt offer. His letter was published in the United States Telegraph in June; Clay issued a denial and demanded the name of Jackson’s informant; on 18 July Jackson named Congressman James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, as the man. Then Buchanan issued a statement, which both sides claimed as favorable to their view of the case. See Andrew Jackson, Corr., ed. Bassett, 3:355–357.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-09

Monday July 9th.

Morning as usual. Little information of any description. I did not read as much of Coke as usual—my feelings begin to produce restlessness, as the time of departure arrives. I rode with John in the evening, and talked with Mary. I received a letter from Abby, and being in very low spirits, wrote a melancholy answer. In the evening I felt better.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-10

Tuesday July 10th.

Morning as usual. Letters arrived from Madame announcing her arrival safe and sound in Boston. Upon which I thought it proper to send congratulations. My father called me into his room to have some conversation respecting my proposed way of life in Boston. I had thought of establishing with George and Miss Louisa Smith. Madame’s letter encouraged the plan and father seemed to approve it.1 He expressed an opinion infinitely too good of me, and such as will throw upon me a great mass of responsibility. In the evening, a ride.
1. Although both LCA and JQA favored the plan, and CFA acquiesced in it, GWA was not happy with the proposed housekeeping arrangement and the idea was abandoned. See LCA to JQA, 6 July 1827, Adams Papers; JQA to LCA, 10 July 1827, same; and JQA, Diary, 10 July 1827.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-11

Wednesday July 11th.

I passed the day much as usual. Nothing remarkable occurred. I occupied myself with covering and packing a case of books by way of preparation for the removal. The weather very warm.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-12

Thursday July 12th.

Occupations much as usual, although it must be confessed my { 144 } attention is not so much fixed as it might be. No letter from Abby today. I was not in very good spirits.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-13

Friday July 13th.

Employed as usual. No letter from Abby again today. Quite provoked and nervous all day. A thunder storm in the evening. In a trivial conversation some little quarrel occurred between John and myself which elicited a long conversation and explanation of past transactions. Since the commencement of my residence here my feelings have been very much acted upon in an unfavourable way by the belief that he was pursuing a line of conduct of a very insidious and malevolent kind to me. This attended with an assumption of superiority also which produced the most aggravating effects. The constancy of these impressions had almost entirely alienated my feelings from him and I did not much care whether we parted at open war or not. He disavowed any such intentions however in a manner which left me little room for doubt and I had only the regret to discover that our misunderstanding had proceeded merely from his singularly unconciliating manners. I say regret, because I think that these same manners are very likely to be in the way very frequently in his future course.
If I do not draw instruction from the characters of my elder brothers it is my own fault. They have points of contrast verging to the extreme. In one there is an openness, a confidingness if there is such a word, which is always leading him to say and do foolish things. In the other there is an affected mystery which repels all the good feelings of the heart, the more unfortunate as it is not known by himself to produce the effects which it does. I was delighted to find that I was in error at least so far as the intention was concerned, and I trust that the circumstance may have some effect in opening his eyes. I shall go away from here with feelings as well disposed to him as they ever were, and this I scarcely expected. The scene was not a pleasant one.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-14

Saturday July 14th.

Occupations as usual. A letter from Abby arrived here at last, which I answered immediately. Other letters from Madame1 informing us of her probable return very shortly. Nothing very remarkable occurred excepting the return of Miss Mary Roberdeau.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-15

Sunday. July 15th.

My usual business employed me, Filing Newspapers, a vocation which will shortly cease. The political News of the week is gathered up. Not much at this time to be sure. In the evening a ride with the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-16

Monday July 16th.

Occupation somewhat as usual. But finding myself likely to be affected with another abscess like that in March last and coming from the same tooth I gathered courage and went down to the dentists (Gunnell) to see if he would be more successful than the other man. As it had been broken below the gum, there was some doubt. But he performed the operation easily and relieved me from a trouble of very long standing. I hope the abscess will now disperse. In the evening a ride with John.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-27

Tuesday July 27th [i.e. 17?].

I did not take a bath this morning and shall discontinue it for a day or two. I arose very unwell and continued so all day but in the evening felt better. Mary Hellen was quite sick and the family look all of them very poorly. This day passed off in idleness except receiving and answering a letter of Abby’s. A ride in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0018

Author: CFA
DateRange: 1827-07-31 - 1828-10-15

[Titlepage]

Diary1
31st July 1827
15 October 1828.
[epigraph]
Among your principles I wish you may govern your conduct upon that of resort to reading, as the pleasure, to speaking as the relaxation, and to writing as the labour of life.
J. Q. Adams
[epigraph]
ουδε η αρετη και κακια εν πεσει, αλλα ενεργεια.
Neither virtue nor vice consist in passive sentiment, but in action.
Mar. Aur. Antoninus.
1. Titlepage of D/CFA/6, from which the following entries through 16 October 1828 derive. See the descriptive listing of CFA’s MS diaries in the Introduction.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-31

Diary. July 31st. 1827

My books and my old diaries being packed up for some time and not to be obtained in all probability for a year at least, and the circumstance of my entering now into a mode of life entirely new and in some respects worthy of remembrance, induces me to begin anew. I shall attempt in this book to combine both my former plans of Index and Journal. I commence with the date as above because on that morning I took leave of Washington where I had passed many very pleasant and I may say also many very painful hours. The very last ones were marked by the same fate which had overspread them all, a mingled variety of good and evil feelings, arising equally from feelings of strong passion. I will not here nor indeed any where give in detail any account of these moments. Suffice it to say that I left the place with feelings which repaid me for all I had formerly endured, and at this distance of time I enjoy a sort of indefinable gratification { 147 } whenever my thoughts turn that way, at the idea of duty performed, of feelings subdued, and I will add also, of vanity and pride gratified.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0007-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-07-31

July 31st. 1827.

Take leave of Mary C. Hellen. Journey to Baltimore with my Father. I receive some information concerning his appointments to public stations, in order to gratify a request of Mr. Southard’s to me. Incident at Merrill’s Tavern. We fall in with an Administration County Committee who were gathered together to hear Mr. Clay’s Speech at Lexington which has just reached us and which is producing a great effect.1 My father went through an introduction of each individual, by Mr. Proud2 who seemed to be their chief man, and after dining we left them, previously taking a parting glass of wine with them.
At Baltimore, Mr. Coale came with an Invitation for me for the following day which I of course declined.
1. On 12 July, in a speech at Lexington, Ky., Henry Clay had replied to “the vilest calumnies” of the Jackson men (see entry of 8 July, and note, above), declaring that he had voted against Jackson in the recent presidential election because “I believed him incompetent and his election fraught with danger. . . . I believe so yet.” See The Life and Speeches of Henry Clay, N.Y., 1844, 1:285–322.
2. John G. Proud, of Waterloo (Fifth Census of the U.S., 1830: Fifth Election District, Anne Arundel co., p. 168, microfilm of MS, MdHi).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-01

August 1st. 1827.

Roused most shockingly early in order to take the morning Steam boat for Philadelphia. Found on board Mr. and Mrs. Bankhead of the English Legation. He is no favourite of mine but in travelling we forget slight dislikes. She is in a terrible state of debility and needs more care and attention than he (with all his love of her) is capable of. Some men are so naturally constituted as not to understand these matters. I offered seats to them in my father’s Carriage and he also invited Govr. Williams of South Carolina.1
Upon arriving at Philadelphia we went to Renshaw’s Hotel in Chesnut Street and with difficulty obtained accommodations—So unexpected has his approach been. Mr. Walsh posted in directly afterwards and obtained my father’s promise to go to his house to tea. Mr. Sergeant came in afterwards and sat for a short time. But they all went to Walsh’s accepting an excuse in my place. William D. Lewis2 came in and talked over a Supper with me. Philadelphia is decidedly hotter than Washington. My room was almost suffocating.
1. David Rogerson Williams (1776–1830), who had represented South Carolina in Congress, had served as governor of that state from 1814 to 1816, and was cur• { 148 } rently a member of the state senate (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
2. William David Lewis (1792–1881), the Philadelphia importer and commission merchant (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-02

Thursday. August 2d. 1827.

Roused early to go to the Steamboat for New York—Trenton, Captain Jenkins. Mr. and Mrs. Bankhead again with us and Colo. Watmough,1 in the Stage. I never saw dust in such masses. This journey has been more overpowering than any I ever took in my life. A thunder shower came over us while in the Thistle, between New Brunswick and New York. Arrived at six o’clock and found all the family collected together for the first time since March 1825. George’s manners struck me in a very strange way at first, and it has taken some time to become familiarised to them. Miss Abby S. Adams with my Mother. Johnson and I went to the Bowery Theatre.2 Principally to see the Opera dancers. Only two on this evening and these the most indifferent. Mrs. Barret performed her favourite character of Miss Hardcastle.3 She has altered much or else my taste is changed. Perhaps both. At any rate, she was shockingly dressed. I met Tudor, friendly but not warm on either side. My taste has altered here. We were only jolly companions and table friends. I relish these things but little at present and so in all other things our characters bearing no similarity, we feel no regrets in separating.
1. Presumably John Goddard Watmough (1793–1861), who had served in the War of 1812. He was to represent Pennsylvania in Congress from 1831 to 1845 and to marry Matilda Pleasanton (Biog. Dir. Cong.; Columbian Centinel, 21 Nov. 1832).
2. The recently opened Bowery Theater stood in the Bowery, a few feet south of Canal Street (Odell, Annals N.Y. Stage, 3:254).
3. Mrs. George H. Barrett, formerly Anne Jane Henry (see entry for 12 Feb. 1824, and note, above), was starring in Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-03

Friday. August 3d. 1827.

I took a bath this morning for cleanliness and walked about the City. Sidney and Henry Brooks1 called to see me, Abby’s brothers. My mother does not appear either in good health or spirits. My own feelings inclined to great melancholy on seeing what I think to be the future prospects of our family. My father seemed excessively depressed and in all appearance from the same cause. After dinner we went down to the Steamboat and there we took leave of my Mother and Johnson Hellen. I felt terribly melancholy. But we were soon on our way in the Washington,2 and I drove those thoughts from my { 149 } mind. My classmate Winthrop on board. The night was cold and I slept uncomfortably according to custom in a boat.
1. Henry Brooks (1807–1833), another of Abigail Brooks’ brothers. See Adams Genealogy.
2. The Washington was the first steamer to be built especially for the New York-Providence service (Roger Williams McAdam, The Old Fall River Line, Brattleboro, 1937, p. 21).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-04

Saturday August 4th. 1827.

We arrived at Providence in 19 hours from New York. The time would have been still less had it not been for a fog which enveloped us a short distance round Point Judith. From Providence we were eight or nine hours in reaching Quincy owing to the heat of the day. I stopped here but a few minutes and then went on to Boston. But it was late before I arrived and I then found Mr. Chardon Brooks Jr.1 with a Note from his Father asking me to go to Medford which of course I could not do at that time in the evening so I deferred it.
1. Peter Chardon Brooks Jr. (1798–1880). See Adams Genealogy. The note from P. C. Brooks Sr. is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-05

Sunday August 5th. 1827.

The weather exceedingly warm. I rode to Medford and found Abby alone. She looked a thousand times prettier than I ever saw her before. Indeed, I began to doubt whether I should not call her a beauty. I never had entertained this opinion. With me it is not a sine qua non. And although I never could marry a woman who had not beauty enough to gratify me moderately, I do not prize it to such a degree as to think it of material importance. There are not many prettier women than Abby Brooks and those I should not value the more for that pre-eminence. We talked all day. Mr. and Mrs. Brooks were kind to me and I spent the day and night there. Gorham Brooks was also there.1
1. Gorham Brooks (1795–1855), another brother of Abigail’s, had graduated from Harvard in 1814. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-06

Monday. August 6th. 1827

After breakfasting at Medford I drove Abby to Boston. The day was most intensely warm. I went to see Mrs. Frothingham1 notwithstanding and spent a short time with Abby there. Called at Dr. Welsh’s and dined there with George, and spent the evening there. Slept at the Exchange.
1. Ann Gorham Brooks (1797–1863), Abigail’s oldest sister, had married Rev. Nathaniel Langdon Frothingham in 1818. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-07

Tuesday. August 7th. 1827.

Called at George’s. Met Richardson. Selected a room at Mrs. Wilson’s boarding house in Cambridge Street1 for my future domicile. Took a salt water bath. Richardson dined and spent the afternoon with me. After which I rode to Quincy.
1. Mrs. Ann Wilson ran a boarding house at 3 Cambridge Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-08

Wednesday. August 8th. 1827.

I found Thomas B. Adams Jr. here upon my arrival. He looks much as he did excepting that exposure has destroyed the effeminacy of his skin. On the whole much improved. Mr. Brooks and Mr. Everett called in the morning and my Aunt had a number of visitors in the Evening. I returned to Boston quite late.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-09

Thursday. August 9th.

Took a salt water bath and stopped at George’s. Wrote a note to Abby1 and rode to Quincy in the Stage, Mrs. Royall in Company.2 This lady being my aversion, I took care to remain Incognito until after I had got out of her reach. And after that I cared not for her anger which was great.
1. Missing.
2. Anne (Newport) Royall (1769–1854), the author of several books of travel and of a novel, The Tennessean, 1827, which has been called “one of the worst ever written in America” (DAB). Mrs. Royall’s account of her encounter with Adams has been quoted in the Editorial Introduction to these volumes.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-10

Friday August 10th. 1827.

Day spent in desultory reading, more particularly in examining a book called The Study of the Law,1 in which there is much which coincides with my own previously formed ideas. Mr. Webster came to see my father and I took the occasion of speaking to him about entering his Office.
1. GWA’s copy of The Study and Practice of the Law Considered, in their Various Relations to Society, by “a Member of Lincoln’s Inn” [i.e. J. Raithby], London, 1816, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-11

Saturday. August 11th. 1827.

The whole day passed at Quincy in reading. Mr. Edward Miller, Mr. Marston and Mr. Beale1 dined with us. They are Quincy gentlemen, and have pleased me more in this my last visit than I had thought. My father was called upon in the evening by Mr. Webster and his New Hampshire brother2 but he had gone with Mr. Quincy and { 151 } Col. Perkins3 to see the Railway. George came out with Col. Winthrop in the evening and we had a lively conversation upon the subject of Genl. Jackson’s late letter.4
1. George W. Beale (1782–1851), whose estate adjoined the Adams homestead on the west (Pattee, Old Braintree and Quincy, p. 241).
2. Ezekiel Webster (1780–1829), who managed the Webster family farm in Boscawen, N.H. (Fuess, Webster, 1:14, 92–93).
3. Thomas Handasyd Perkins (1764–1854), the Boston merchant, philanthropist, and Federalist politician, was president of the Quincy granite quarry and had one of the first railroads in the United States constructed to carry its products two miles to the sea (DAB; JQA, Diary, 11 Aug. 1827).
4. See entry for 8 July, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-12

Sunday August 12th. 1827.

The day very rainy and unpleasant, which confined me entirely to the house. Time occupied today very much as it had been heretofore since my stay in Quincy. My father disclosed to me his plan about building and we talked a little about it but very generally.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-13

Monday August 13th. 1827.

I rode through Boston to Medford this morning. Found Abby quite happy to see me again and provoked a little at my staying quite so long away. The morning passed in conversation and after dinner I drove her in my gig to Winter Hill1 where Mrs. Everett lives. Found her looking badly, and apparently in depressed spirits. The reason is beyond me, but I have my suspicions.2 We returned to Medford in time to meet Mrs. Bainbridge at tea, and a Mr. Breed of Charlestown3 who was remarkable for a most atrocious deformity in his jaw which projected to such a degree that the upper front teeth were always out of the mouth. Mr. Cambreleng was there also, a quondam rival of mine. I remained at Medford.
1. In that part of Charlestown which is now Somerville.
2. Mrs. Everett was pregnant; her daughter, Grace Webster Everett, was born on 24 Dec. 1827 (Edward Franklin Everett, Descendants of Richard Everett of Dedham, Mass., Boston, 1902, p. 131).
3. Presumably Ebenezer Breed, a wealthy merchant who owned a fine residence and garden in Charlestown, where Mount Vernon Street now runs (Winsor, Memorial History of Boston, 3:555, 4:635).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-14

Tuesday August 14th. 1827.

I started from Medford early and leaving Boston directly arrived at Quincy at about eleven o’clock. My day was afterwards passed quietly enough and in the evening there was a small collection of the Quincy ladies to whom I attempted to be agreeable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-15

Wednesday. 15th.

Day rainy, passed in reading and occasional conversation with my father. Nothing remarkable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-16

Thursday 16th.

I should have gone to Boston yesterday to comply with an engagement made to Richardson to go to Nahant, but trusting that he would not think of taking a step in such weather, I postponed it until today when I went merely to discover that he had been. It was on the whole a fortunate escape for it was pouring torrents when I got into the Stage to return to Quincy after a very highly stupid day. Arrived safely without incident.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-17

Friday August 17th. 1827.

Morning devoted quietly to reading. Dined at Genl. Dearborn’s at Roxbury whither I went with my father. A large Company. Mr. Everett, Gorham,1 the two Harrises,2 Col. Baldwin,3 Capt. and Mrs. Bainbridge, Capt. Morris, and Chauncy, Mr. Fuller,4 Mr. Child,5 and a number of the Custom House Officers. I fell in among these much to my regret as they were dull and unprofitable companions. The returning ride was cold and chilly.
1. Benjamin Gorham (1775–1855), brother of Mrs. P. C. Brooks, represented Massachusetts in Congress from 1820 to 1823, from 1827 to 1831, and from 1833 to 1835 (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
2. According to JQA, Samuel D. Harris, the United States marshal in Boston, was accompanied by two brothers (JQA, Diary, 17 Aug. 1827; Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
3. Probably Col. Loammi Baldwin (1780–1838), Harvard 1800, “Father of Civil Engineering in America” (DAB).
4. Timothy Fuller (1778–1835), who had been a Massachusetts Congressman from 1817 to 1825 and was now a member of the state legislature (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
5. David Lee Child (1794–1874), Harvard 1817, who was about to be admitted to the Suffolk County bar, to be chosen a member of the state legislature, and to become editor of the Massachusetts Journal, a pro-Adams paper (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-18

Saturday August 18th. 1827.

On this day I enter upon my twenty first year. Moments are now passing which are to give the direction which my fate will take. My own mind is full of doubts and fears and troubles; these give me anxiety and pain in the midst of prospects as brilliant as have fallen to the share of any individual. The result is in the hands of the almighty, and to him I look believing and hoping and confiding all things.
{ 153 }
The morning had been allotted to a fishing excursion with a party consisting of the Quincy gentlemen and ladies. Mr. Quincy, his wife, son and two of his daughters. Mr. Miller and his wife, Messrs. Thomas and Daniel Greenleaf and the two daughters of the first,1 together with the Parson’s family2 and some others. We were long in getting out and caught no fish. The party afforded me but little pleasure, and that little was received from Edmund Quincy, but I dislike his family. We reached home in good season, fatigued and burnt. My father was quite unwell.
1. Thomas Greenleaf was a Quincy justice of the peace; his daughters were Eliza and Mary Ann (Mass. Register, 1826, p. 36; JQA, Diary, 18 Aug. 1827). Daniel Greenleaf owned the wharf on Quincy Bay where JQA went to swim (JQA, Memoirs, 8:373; 9:246, 257).
2. Rev. and Mrs. Peter Whitney, and their children, George and Carolina (JQA, Diary, 18 Aug. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-19

Sunday August 19th. 1827.

Morning at home engaged in conversation with George upon family affairs. Our feelings are as dissimilar now as possible and George has changed most immeasureably for the worse. This may also be the case with me but it would be only the more to be deplored. In the afternoon I went to hear Dr. Fiske of West Camb. and in the evening strolled with Tom Adams to the top of the Hill before the House where I had many thoughts.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-20

Monday. August 20th. 1827.

Took the Stage to Boston and from there I went directly to Medford where I found Abby and passed a pleasant day with her. Henry, her brother, had arrived from New York. She was as usual the pleasing attraction. My affection for her increases as I more clearly perceive the finer shades of character, and as my feelings become interested in drawing out fairly the attractive qualities, keeping in check the exuberances which unlimited indulgence has produced. I often think what a fool a man is to suffer himself to become entangled by his noble feelings, for if they do chance to be crushed, where is the limit to the bitterness of his Fate? But I have thrown aside the selfish philosophy and must abide the consequences.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-21

Tuesday August 21st. 1827.

I returned to Boston with Abby, and after bathing, went according to appointment to see Mrs. P. C. Brooks Junr. the sister in law of Abby.1 She seems a delicate tender plant hardly likely to bear up { 154 } very long against this climate. After leaving Mrs. Frothingham and Abby whom I had met at that place, I returned to my boarding house where I passed the afternoon, and the evening was spent at Mrs. Frothingham’s in company with Abby, Mrs. P. C. Brooks, Henry and Chardon.
1. Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. was the former Susan Oliver Heard. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-22

Wednesday August 22d. 1827.

Called at George’s and then at Mr. Webster’s Office1 to give notice of my approach. I had a little conversation with him and then went to Mrs. F.’s to see Abby with whom I took a short walk, previous to her leaving town. Afternoon spent at home.
1. Daniel Webster’s law office, on the corner of Court Street and Tremont Street, was on the site of JQA’s 1792–1794 law office (JQA, Diary, 18 Sept. 1824).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-23

Thursday. August 23d. 1827.

Morning occupied in walking about the town to see the changes which had taken place during my absence. Visited the new Market House which attracts so much attention1 and walked into one of the Halls where they were selling Furniture to see whether I could not obtain some but there was very little which was not evidently made for Sale and that little did not sell low. From there I went directly to Medford, and passed the remainder of the day and the evening, not returning to town.
1. Faneuil Hall Market (often called the Quincy Market), which occupied the space between North and South Market streets, immediately in front of Faneuil Hall, had been built in 1825–1826 under the administration of Mayor Josiah Quincy (Bacon’s Dict. of Boston, p. 147–148).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-24

Friday. August 24th. 1827.

I returned to town this morning in company with Abby. Called at George’s, took Soup and a Woodcock by way of Luncheon. Called at Mrs. Frothingham’s and spent an hour with her and Abby, and dined at Mr. T. L. Winthrop’s. A large company. My father, Captain Bainbridge and Son, Captain Gallagher,1 Col. House,2 Mr. Pierpont, Mr. Brooks, Mr. Everett, Mr. Balston of Philadelphia and Mr. Read, and a few others. After dinner I called with my father upon Judge Hall.3
1. Captain John Gallagher, in command of the Charlestown Navy Yard (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 213).
2. Colonel James House, of Connecticut (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).
3. Joseph Hall, judge of the Suffolk County probate court (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-25

Saturday August 25th. 1827.

Morning at the Exchange to see my father. Saw Richardson afterwards at my room with whom I had a pleasant conversation of an hour. Received a letter from my Mother, of admonition concerning a certain difficulty supposed to have arisen between Abby and I and closing with a paragraph concerning George of a melancholy description.1 This arrived just as I was starting to go to Medford with my Father. After we arrived Abby read the letter at my request as I thought it might be a slight hint to her, and she took it very well.
The persons who dined with us were Mr. Everett, Mr. Gorham, Chardon and Gorham Brooks and Mr. Stetson, the parson of the parish to which Mr. B. belongs.2 We remained here tonight according to Invitation.
1. Hearing that Abigail and Mrs. Frothingham felt that “there was much severity” in one of CFA’s letters, LCA thought it her duty to warn her future daughter-in-law “that the Adams’s had a manner of speaking and writing that appeared harsh tho in fact it meant nothing more than the common style of other people.” In their treatment of women, she added, “the Adams family are one and all peculiarly harsh and severe. . . . There seems to exist no sympathy, no tenderness for the weakness of the sex or for that incapacity of occasional exertion which is a part of their nature arising from the peculiarities of their constitutions.” LCA’s concluding paragraph, concerning GWA, has been cut off (LCA to CFA, 19 Aug. 1827, Adams Papers).
2. Caleb Stetson, the Congregational minister at Medford (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 114).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-26

Sunday. August 26th. 1827.

I attended Meeting, as it is called, both morning and afternoon. Mr. Burnap, a gentleman well remembered as in the class preceding ours at Cambridge, favoured us and made me sleepy. In the evening there was a round of Medford people to see my father, notwithstanding the violent rain, to all of whom I was introduced, and among others to two Miss Grays and one Miss Hall, cousins of Abby.1 The process was very fatiguing.
1. Charlotte and Henrietta Gray, daughters of the late Samuel Gray, of Salem, and Mary (Brooks) Gray, a sister of P. C. Brooks; and Mary Brooks Hall, daughter of Nathaniel Hall and Joanna Cotton (Brooks) Hall, another sister of P. C. Brooks (JQA, Diary, 26 Aug. 1827; Brooks, Medford, p. 527).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-27

Monday. August 27th. 1827.

Morning very rainy, but did not deter my father from going to Boston, but we went in Mr. B.’s Carriage instead of the Chaise. I stopped at the Office and sat there all the morning. Finding there was no probability of fair weather, I purchased an Umbrella and sallied { 156 } forth; notwithstanding the precaution, I was wet through. In the afternoon I went to see the Fosters, expecting to find my Father there, but he had gone to Quincy. At any rate a very troublesome visit was got over for the family are exceeding disagreeable. Evening quietly at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-28

Tuesday August 28th. 1827.

Fair weather. Went to the Office. Studied until I found myself in the midst of a violent head ache. In consequence of a Note1 from Mrs. Frothingham conveying a wish of Abby’s, I went to Medford with a violent pain in my head caught by exposure yesterday as I suppose. It became so much worse that I went to bed very shortly after tea.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-29

Wednesday. August 29th.

Seldom has head ache afflicted me as that did last night. The back part of the head and neck were still painful this morning. Returned to Boston driving Abby in with me. Commencement day at Cambridge. Feeling still very unwell, I dispatched a Note to Abby1 declining a party at her Sister’s, Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr., and proceeded to Quincy to mend myself. My father returned from his ride shortly after. Went to bed shortly.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-30

Thursday. August 30th. 1827.

I felt somewhat better this morning, but still unwell. My day was passed very quietly at home, reading a collection of military and Naval letters relating to the last War,1 and a new Novel called High Life.2 A Miss Sparhawk was here upon a visit to Elizabeth.
1. JQA’s copy of Official Letters of the Military and Naval Officers of the United States, during the War with Great Britain in the Years 1812, 13, 14, & 15, ed. John Brannan, Washington, 1823, is in the Stone Library.
2. Anon., 3 vols., London, 1827.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0008-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-08-31

Friday. August 31st. 1827.

Feeling so much better today I refused taking Medicine and passed the day quietly in reading, with the exception of about an hour in which I was occupied in learning how to bud on trees. The process is simple and easy to practise. My father seemed anxious to have me know and Mr. Price Greenleaf1 who was here soon taught me.
1. Ezekiel Price Greenleaf (1790–1886), nephew of Mrs. Daniel Greenleaf, was a parsimonious anchorite, “absolutely irrational as regards his habits and dress” (Greenleaf, Greenleaf Family, p. 96–98, 210).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-01

Saturday September 1st. 1827.

Left Quincy in the Stage for Boston, thinking myself well, but I soon found that my head ache was still upon me. I called at Mrs. F.’s and saw Abby who happened to be in town, and after an hour with her felt satisfied to return to Quincy again in the Stage and resolve upon Medicine.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-02

Sunday September 2d 1827.

Medicine this morning, at home all day in consequence and in very low spirits. Much conversation with George about our relative prospects and some melancholy reflections upon the appearances in some parts of the family. But these are altogether confined to myself.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-03

Monday. September 3d. 1827.

I rode to Boston in the Stage, and after passing the Morning there, took a Chaise and drove to Medford by the way of Cambridge as it seemed doubtful when I should have the opportunity to see it again. Having obtained a Catalogue of the graduates at the Institution I passed to Medford. A dinner party. Genl. and Miss Van Rensselaer, Mr. and Mrs. Davis of New York,1 Mrs. Blodget of Gibraltar, Chardon Brooks and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Everett, Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham, My father and myself composed the Company. Sat between Abby and Miss Van Rensselaer. The latter is a cold reserved girl in her manners but said to be extremely agreeable when you know her well. Little of any moment took place. A little difficulty between Abby and Mrs. E. of no moment except as it enabled me to study more perfectly the character of the former. Remained at Medford.
1. Charles Davis, of New York, had married Eliza Bussey, daughter of Benjamin Bussey (Columbian Centinel, 23 Nov. 1803).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-04

Tuesday. 4th.

I drove Abby into Boston. After a bath, heard that John and Johnson Hellen were in town. Went down to see them and found them starting for Lebanon on their return. Called at the Exchange to see my Father, and dined at a Resturateur. In the evening, drove my father to Medford. On the road I had much conversation with my father respecting our prospects and derived but little consolation from him.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-05

Wednesday. 5th.

My father went with Mr. Brooks and Mr. Everett to see the manu• { 158 } facturing Establishment at Lowell. I passed the day at Medford. In the afternoon, Henry and Abby and I went in a Carriage to see Mrs. Hall and Mrs. Gray, two Aunts of Abby’s,1 and from there we rode over to Mrs. Everett’s where we remained the rest of the afternoon. The evening was passed at Medford.
1. Mrs. Nathaniel Hall and Mrs. Samuel Gray, both sisters of P. C. Brooks. See entry for 26 Aug., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-06

Thursday. 6th.

Returned to Boston this morning with my father and passed it at the office in reading Law. Dined at Dr. Parkman’s.1 Messrs. Francis and Daniel Parkman,2 Everett, F. C. Gray,3 Thacher,4 Everett,5 Clay, Lyman, Frothingham, my father, George and I composed the Company. After dinner, I returned to my room and passed the Evening in writing.
1. George Parkman, Harvard 1809, the Boston physician who was later murdered by Professor John White Webster, lived at 1 Cambridge Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
2. Francis Parkman, Harvard 1807; and Daniel Parkman, Harvard 1813.
3. Francis Calley Gray (1790–1856), a leading Boston lawyer, who frequently represented the city in the state legislature and gave much of his time to raising funds for Harvard College (DAB).
4. Presumably Peter O. Thacher, judge of the Boston municipal court, who lived at 10 Chesnut Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
5. The repetition is in MS.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-07

Friday. 7th.

Day passed very quietly at the Office, reading Law. Saw the Miss Carters at tea.1 They are boarded at the house.
1. Presumably the daughters of James Carter, a Boston merchant, who married Ann Parsons. One of the sisters, Ann (or Anne), was a close friend of Abigail B. Brooks. See entry for 23 Nov., below, and Abigail B. Brooks to CFA, 28 April 1827, Adams Papers.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-08

Saturday. 8th.

Morning at the Office, but as I did not like the idea of passing Sunday in Boston, I went to Quincy in the Stage. Elizabeth Adams was in the Stage. On arriving we found Miss Selden, Miss Hanson, Mr. Montoya, and an Uncle of the first lady, paying a visit to the family. They are on a tour. My father did not return till late from the rail road.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-09

Sunday. 9th.

I amused myself in the morning with a perusal of my father’s article on the Colonial trade written for the last Number of the { 159 } Quarterly Review.1 It is able and controversial, not without some of his usual pungency. In the afternoon went to Meeting and in the evening found myself seized with a violent attack threatening Cholera Morbus in consequence of which I was up with an Emetic.
1. The American Quarterly Review (1:267–306 [Sept.] 1827) carried a review giving long extracts from Documents from the State Department Relative to Colonial Trade (Senate Document No. 1, 19 Cong., 2 sess.), consisting largely of letters written by JQA as Secretary of State.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-10

Monday 10th.

Found myself much relieved. Suffering now only from the painful effect of the Emetic in straining the throat. Passed the morning at Quincy but rode to Boston in the afternoon in the Chaise with Isaac Hull Adams.1 Saw Richardson at my room who spent an hour with me very pleasantly. Heard the news of the death of Mr. George Canning, prime Minister of England,2 and then returned to Quincy as I came in.
1. Isaac Hull Adams (1813–1900), son of TBA. See Adams Genealogy.
2. George Canning had died on 8 Aug. 1827 (DNB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-11

Tuesday. 11th.

Rode to Boston in the Stage finding no farther need of remaining at Quincy. Morning at the Office after which I rode to Medford and found quite a collection there. Among others Mr. and Mrs. Davis of New York, and Mr. Cotton Brooks,1 a brother of Mr. P. C. Brooks, with his daughter, all on a visit. I was slightly unwell.
1. Cotton Brown Brooks (1765–1834), who was a merchant in Portland (Brooks, Medford, p. 508; Crawford, Mass. Families, 2:197, 225).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-12

Wednesday 12th.

I drove Abby to Nahant with me, while Mr. Brooks and Mrs. Davis came on in a Carriage. Found a good deal of Company collected there. Among the rest Mrs. Dexter, the wife of Mr. Sam. Dexter of ancient memory.1 She seems a remarkable woman. Also the Miss Crowninshields and Mr. and Mrs. Silsbee and daughter2 with many others too numerous to mention. The day passed pleasantly. Abby pleased me and displeased me. The fault lies so little with her, I cannot blame her; it is in the school she has been educated in, which is not a standard of refinement. Notwithstanding, I was gratified by her general conduct and in one particular instance also. But the day gave me room for much reflection. We did not reach Medford until quite late.
{ 160 }
1. Catherine (Gordon) Dexter was the widow of the late Samuel Dexter, who had served as Secretary of War and as Secretary of the Treasury under JA (DAB).
2. Nathaniel and Mary (Crowninshield) Silsbee. He represented Massachusetts in the House of Representatives from 1817 to 1821 and in the Senate from 1826 to 1835 (DAB). Their daughter, Georgiana, married Francis Appleton (Crawford, Mass. Families, 1:106).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-13

Thursday. 13th.

Returned to Boston, and spent the day at the Office. Little or no variety. In the evening Richardson called and spent two or three hours pleasantly over a bottle of Champagne. We talked much of the happy past and the momentous future.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-14

Friday. 14th.

Morning passed at the Office. Went to Mr. Harding’s to see my father who is sitting for his Picture.1 This was the first day. After which I dined at Mr. Joseph Coolidge’s. The party consisted of Mr. Coolidge Jr. and his lady, with Mrs. Randolph, (Mr. Jefferson’s daughter),2 Mr. Everett, Messrs. Kerr,3 of Maryland, Brooks, Farrar, Swett, Lloyd Rogers,4 Dr. Parkman, and many others whose names I do not remember. A farrago however. The dinner went over much as usual and I passed the evening at my room. I was much struck today with a letter lately published of Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Giles which is made to bear upon the present political troubles.5
1. The self-taught American artist, Chester Harding (1792–1866), painted most of the major political leaders of his time (DAB). A portrait by Harding of JQA is in the Redwood Library, Newport, R.I. Copies of it are in other institutions.
2. Thomas Jefferson’s daughter, Martha, married in 1790 her cousin, Thomas Mann Randolph (1768–1828), who served in the House of Representatives and in his state’s legislature (DAB). Their daughter, Ellen Wayles, was the wife of Joseph Coolidge Jr. (1798–1879). See JQA, Diary, 14 Sept. 1827, and DAB under Thomas Jefferson Coolidge, their son.
3. John Leeds Kerr (1780–1844), who represented Maryland in the House from 1825 to 1829 and from 1831 to 1833 and in the Senate from 1841 to 1843 (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
4. Lloyd Nicholas Rogers, Harvard 1808, of Baltimore, who married Eliza Law, daughter of Thomas Law (Wharton, Social Life in the Early Republic, p. 28–29).
5. Continuing his warfare upon JQA’s administration, William Branch Giles (1762–1830), the Virginia state-rights advocate, published on 7 September a confidential letter which the aging Thomas Jefferson had written him on 26 December 1825, expressing his “deep affliction” at the rapid usurpation of power by the federal government, a development illustrated by JQA’s recent message to Congress (Bemis, JQA, 2:163–164).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-15

Saturday. 15th.

Morning at the Office, thence to Harding’s and saw an opening { 161 } likeness, thence to Miss Scollay’s to see a picture of her painting which is very pretty as coming from no professed artist,1 thence to the Navy Yard, with my Father and George, where we went over all the vessels building. There are under cover, two vessels of a hundred guns, one of sixty and a sloop of war, besides others in ordinary. Fine looking masses. From here we passed to Mr. Everett’s where we met Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham, Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. and Mr. and Mrs. Blodget. Mr. Brooks and Abby, Gorham and Mr. Thomson, an Englishman whom I saw at Washington but did not know last Winter. I sat next to Abby. First time George and I had seen her when we were together. He behaved singularly. After dinner, I doubted much during the Storm but finally concluded to go to Medford with Abby.
1. Catherine Scollay (d. 1863) was a self-taught Boston artist who exhibited her landscapes and figure paintings at the Athenaeum between 1827 and 1848 (Groce and Wallace, Dict. Amer. Artists).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-16

Sunday. 16th.

This day passed with but little incident of a nature worthy to be recorded. I was almost all day in conversation with Abby upon indifferent subjects and was pleased as I always am. She went to Meeting in the afternoon, during which time I read some of Miss Wakefield’s Botany.1 Mr. Thomson paid a visit and drank tea this evening, introducing a Mr. Stewart, another Englishman.
1. Priscilla Wakefield, An Introduction to Botany, in a Series of Familiar Letters, London, 1796.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-17

Monday 17th.

Rode to Boston in Mr. Brooks’ open Carriage in company with him and Abby. After dressing I took her up in a Chaise at Mrs. Frothingham’s and started on a visit to Weymouth. We stopped at the Mansion in Quincy for a few minutes, and had not started on our journey many minutes, before my horse thought proper to fall and throw me out of the Chaise. Luckily I was not injured, and on my return to my feet, I found Abby still clinging to the Chaise but also uninjured. We were detained some time by this accident, but having obtained another horse and Chaise, we continued our Journey. The Tufts family whom we went to visit are connected with each family in some way or other.1 And as they are persons in a middle condition in life, feel much flattered by little attentions of this kind. We dined and spent the afternoon here. My father and John (who had just returned from Lebanon), Mrs. Adams and Elizabeth coming over to tea. We returned by a quarter past eight to Boston after a ride of terrific anxiety to me, { 162 } and I sincerely returned thanks to God, when I had landed Abby safely at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Indeed I had never until now discovered how much I really loved her, for the idea of injury falling upon her even indirectly through my agency was dreadful. And yet she is to trust all to me! Perhaps futurity has worse in store for her by my means. This constitutes my only unhappiness, but I will trust it to the all powerful Deity. My heart is certainly pure. She behaved most exceedingly well throughout.
1. For the complicated relationship of the Tufts family with both the Adamses and the Brookses, see Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-18

Tuesday. 18th.

I called at Mrs. Frothingham’s to inquire how Abby did. And afterwards went to pay some visits which were due on the account of some invitations which had been refused. This consumed the morning. The afternoon was spent in company with Abby at Mrs. F.’s and the evening at Mrs. P. C. Brooks’. None there but Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham, Mr. and Mrs. Blodget who are staying there. Mr. Belknap, a steady bachelor of sixty and a beau withal,1 Abby and myself. Mrs. B.’s uncle, Mr. Oliver, also came in. I was struck with an appearance of display for so small an affair which I was disposed to think Mrs. B. was extravagant in, but she has not any children and this is a resource in such cases. I walked home to Mrs. F.’s with Abby and then returned to my room.
1. Possibly John Belknap (1777–1856), a Boston merchant, who was the son of Jeremy Belknap, the historian (NEHGR, 10 [1856]:192; 31 [1877]:315).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-19

Wednesday. 19th.

I was at the Office in the morning excepting a short call to see Abby. Dined at the Exchange Coffee House with John and Thomas J. Hellen who has come down from Groton for a day or two. He looks badly. We recommended to him to leave Cambridge which he seemed to relish very little. His time has been much wasted in dissipation.1 In the evening I went to Mrs. Frothingham’s and was much entertained. The rain was tremendous all day, and more particularly this evening.
1. Thomas J. Hellen had entered Harvard in 1825, but during the second term of his sophomore year (March 1827), he was dismissed for six months when Professor Ticknor accused him of “licentiousness.” He left college in the first term of his junior year. (Harvard Archives; and see entry for 9 Dec.Nov., below.)

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-20

Thursday 20th.

Rain all day. Morning reading at the Office. Afternoon and evening { 163 } at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Abby has been detained in town by the bad weather.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-21

Friday. 21st.

Occupied in reading at the Office excepting a call at Mrs. F.’s. Incessant rain. Spent the evening with Abby. Mr. and Mrs. F. had gone out to a party.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-22

Saturday. 22d.

Office. Call at Mrs. F.’s and sit an hour with Abby. Left her without any idea of seeing her for some time, and went in pursuit of my brother John. As I entered the Exchange I met Sidney Brooks just arrived from New York. He had a Gig at the door and asked me to accompany him to Medford. The suddenness of the proposal staggered me a little at first, but as I saw no objection, I jumped in and found myself at the house before Abby had reached it. The meeting between Sidney and his Mother affected me to tears. Indeed the feeling which he carried of delight at looking upon the scenes of his childhood proved to me that there could be some sentiment in the world without mawkishness. How little of this has been my lot however. And how much less is my prospect of having any, for my youth has been passed without any such associations to soothe me.
Sidney returned to town without me. Dr. Bancroft1 and his wife arrived here from Worcester in a “labour of love” for the parson of this Parish.
1. Aaron Bancroft (1755–1839), the leading Worcester minister and president of the American Unitarian Association from 1825 to 1836, was also the father of the historian, George Bancroft (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-23

Sunday. 23d.

Attended Meeting all day. In the afternoon Sidney Brooks came out with Mr. Ignatius Sargent.1 This gentleman is the partner in business of Chardon Brooks, and is more particularly interesting as having been a rival of mine, and a most assiduous one supported by a large portion of her own family and not positively disliked by herself. Had I not come in, it is probable from her own showing that he would have been the man. Poor fellow, his meeting with me was painful to him, but without any possibility of my alleviating it. Perhaps she might have been more happy with him although she never loved him and she does love me. In the evening Mr. and Mrs. Everett and some Medford visitors.
1. See entry for 30 June, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-24

Monday. 24th.

I rode to Boston this morning with Mr. Brooks. Our conversation various, but not interesting. At the office all day very studiously disposed. But in the afternoon Mr. Webster came in and conversed with his Students in a very condescending manner. He discussed English politics and his ideas upon that subject were, as upon all, very luminous although not very striking as to novelty. I was much gratified however. In the evening, Mr. Denny, who is a fellow boarder, and I walked to the Theatre in Federal Street.1 Performances were School for Scandal and One hundred Pound Note.2 Acting barely tolerable.
1. The Federal Street Theater, on the corner of Federal and Franklin streets, was also called the Boston Theater and sometimes the Old Drury Theater (Bacon’s Dict. of Boston, p. 135).
2. A farce by Richard Brinsley Peake.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-25

Tuesday 25th.

This was a great Review day1 and of consequence not much adapted to profitable occupation in study. After an attempt at the Office, I gave it up and tried to write a letter to my Mother, but failed equally in that. My father was in town to witness the Parade. John and I seized the occasion and slipped out to Medford, where we spent two hours quite agreeably, returning to Boston in time to accompany the President to the New Theatre in Common Street. There is much rivalry existing between this and that I visited last evening. This one is just opened. This being the second evening. Performances were Mrs. Inchbald’s, Wives as they were and Maids as they are, and the Lady and the Devil.2 The old Theatre has just imported some English Performers, and the new one stands upon theirs, being American. I think them about equal. The house was full and my father very warmly received.
1. JQA, Governor Levi Lincoln, Lieutenant-Governor Thomas L. Winthrop, and other officials reviewed 2600 men of the Massachusetts militia on the Boston Common (JQA, Diary, 25 Sept. 1827).
2. The Tremont Theater, under the management of William Pelby, had opened only the previous night. The plays were by Mrs. Elizabeth Inchbald and William Dimond (Winsor, Memorial History of Boston, 4:368).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-26

Wednesday. 26th.

Morning at the Office. After dinner went to Winter Hill and spent the day with Mrs. Everett, Abby having gone there in the morning. Mrs. Hall, her daughter and Miss Fowle were there. The evening was cold and it was late when I rode over with Abby to Medford. My father went to Beverley today.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-27

Thursday. 27th.

I returned to Boston bringing Abby with me. Morning at the Office. At one o’clock paid a congratulatory visit to Miss Frances Dehon,1 lately declared to be the choice of Mr. Sidney Brooks. I found her pleasant but not in the least handsome, and scarcely qualified to supply the place of his former betrothed, Miss Marshall. In the afternoon at the Office and in the evening at George’s. His situation makes me quite melancholy.
1. The daughter of William Dehon, partner in an auctioneering firm, who lived at 7 Bulfinch Place (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-28

Friday. 28th.

Morning at the Exchange to see my father. Had a great deal of conversation with John about our family affairs particularly in reference to George. Also with Dr. Welsh who thought he ought to go to my father, which I recommended. I then went to Cambridge with my Father to see the Botanic Garden, calling at the houses of the Miss Danas,1 President Kirkland and Dr. Waterhouse2 on the way. A visit so formal prevented any thing like serious attention to the subject. Returned to town with Antoine in advance of the President, being invited to dine at Mr. R. D. Shepherd’s.3 An agreeable party. Sidney and Gorham Brooks, George and William Slocum, two Messrs. Le Branch of New Orleans, Mr. J. Coolidge Junr. and Mr. John L. Gardner.4 Miss Shepherd is an only daughter and consequently much doted upon. She is tolerably pretty. I rose from dinner to go to a party at Medford. It was rather dull. My acquaintance was almost entirely confined to the members of the family. My spirits were completely worn out by the continual excitement during the day and some little deviations from what I thought propriety in Abby made me feel quite unhappy. Too much so considering how trifling they were.
1. Elizabeth Ellery Dana (1789–1874) and Sarah-Ann Dana (1791–1866), daughters of the late Francis Dana, chief justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts (Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, p. 529).
2. Benjamin Waterhouse (1754–1846), Hersey professor of the theory and practice of physic at Harvard from 1783 to 1812 and an old friend of JQA’s (DAB).
3. Resin D. Shepherd, a Boston merchant, had married Lucy Gorham and was thus a relative of Abigail Brown Brooks. His daughter, Ellen Shepherd, subsequently married Gorham Brooks. See entry for 6 Dec. 1828, below; Boston Directory, 1829–1830; New England Historic Genealogical Society, Memorial Biographies, 2 (1881):470–472; and Adams Genealogy.
4. John Lowell Gardner (1804–1885), Harvard 1821, was one of the last of the great East India merchants in Boston (Crawford, Mass. Families, 1:83).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-29

Saturday 29th.

I returned to Boston pretty rapidly, as the weather was quite cold. Called at George’s where I met John and returned to the Exchange with him where I remained to dine. Went to Quincy in the Stage with George. Found there Mr. Harrod1 and two daughters and Miss Julia Dearborn2 on visits to the family of my Uncle.
1. Presumably Charles Harrod, brother of Mrs. TBA. One of the daughters was Susan D. Harrod, who in 1832 married William Boyd of Portland (Columbian Centinel, 15 Sept. 1832).
2. This noted belle was the daughter of General Henry Dearborn and the future wife of General Joshua Wingate (NEHGR, 5 [1851]:201; 19 [1865]:351).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0009-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-09-30

Sunday. 30th.

Morning passed in conversation with John about the affairs of my father. I was seeking for information from him as to the value of his lands in Quincy, but found none in conversing directly with the President. In the afternoon, at Meeting where Dr. Richmond preached.1 Very dull. A large number of the Quincy gentlemen at the House in the evening.
1. Abel Richmond, the Congregational minister at Halifax, in Plymouth county (Mass. Register, 1827, p. 112).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-01

Monday. October 1st.

As George was not fit for service, I went as his substitute with my father and John in company with a Surveyor to examine the ancient boundaries of some Wood lots which belonged to my Grandfather formerly. It was a tedious business. We took luncheon in rustic style by the side of a clear brook and returned in the afternoon quite fatigued. Antoine killed the largest black snake I ever saw, it measured nearly six feet in length. My experiment today did not give me much anxiety to repeat it. Indeed it seems questionable whether the possession of property of this kind does not create much more plague than profit. Upon which I had some discussion with my father in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-02

Tuesday. 2d.

Went to Boston in the Stage, and passed the Morning at the Office. After dinner or rather after the time usually allowed to dining I prepared to go to dine with Mr. Mason.1 The weather was abominably rainy. My father called for me. Company were Messrs. Webster, Everett, Quincy, I. P. Davis,2 F. Gray, Guild,3 Gardner of Maine, { 167 } Dr. Warren, and some few others whom I did not know. Dinner so-so. I hope this is the last. Returned to my room, my father went to Quincy.
1. Jonathan Mason Jr. (1756–1831), a former law clerk of JA’s who had made a fortune in Boston real estate and had served in the United States Senate from 1800 to 1803, lived at 9 Summer Street (Adams Family Correspondence, 1:280; Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
2. Isaac P. Davis, who lived at 8 Winthrop Place, owned large amounts of Boston and Cambridge real estate (Boston Directory, 1829–1830;Boston Freeholders, 1822, p. 59).
3. Benjamin Guild, Harvard 1804, had his law office at 5 Court Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-03

Wednesday 3d.

Morning at the Office. Call at Dr. Gorham’s according to request to see Abby. She had just gone. Miss Julia Gorham is an intimate friend of her’s.1 Went to her brother Chardon’s in the afternoon. Met Mr. John Heard there, the father of Chardon’s wife.2 Abby came in soon after as did Miss Charlotte Gray. In the evening I returned in a Carriage and took them both to Mr. Richard D. Tucker’s to pay the Wedding visit to Miss Tucker, married this evening to Mr. Parker.3 These young ladies having been school Companions. Not many persons there, and but few of my acquaintance. On my return, I stopped and took Supper pleasantly at Mrs. C. Brooks’s.
1. John Gorham (1783–1829), Harvard 1801, was Erving professor of chemistry at Harvard from 1816 to 1827. His “pretty, amiable and interesting” daughter, Julia Gorham, later married Richard Robins. (Harvard Quinquennial Cat.; GWA to LCA, 3 Jan. 1828, Adams Papers; Columbian Centinel, 10 Oct. 1835.)
3. Anna Tucker, daughter of Richard D. Tucker, a Boston merchant, had just married James Parker (Boston Daily Advertiser, 6 Oct. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-04

Thursday. 4th.

Morning at the Office excepting a call at Dr. Gorham’s which consumed an hour and a half. But this prevented my going in the afternoon so I progressed rapidly in the Law. In the evening, went to the Exchange to see John. My father had gone to see Mr. Brooks at Medford much to my surprise. I passed the evening and took Supper with John.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-05

Friday 5th.

Breakfasted with John at the Exchange. Read law a couple of hours at the Office and then went round with John paying visits, which occupied us until dinner which I took with John and George at the Exchange. After it John and I rode to Winter Hill and passed an hour with Mrs. Everett, and from thence to Medford where we drank tea. { 168 } I returned to take leave of my father and dress myself for a party. I rode down to Dr. Gorham’s, took up Abby and then went to Mrs. Jones’s, a lady I never knew nor heard of before. A small party of young people, and rather dull. My head ached from fatigue.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-06

Saturday 6th.

Morning at the Office excepting an hour spent at Mrs. Frothingham’s with Abby. At one I called at Dr. Gorham’s for her in a gig and then drove to Medford. A small family dinner to introduce Miss Dehon. Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Everett, Mr. Sidney Brooks, Miss Dehon, Miss Bartlett, (a cousin staying here),1 and I constituted the company. The afternoon was dull to me. There is much in the habits of a family foreign from your own which must necessarily be of little interest, and when they gather together in such large numbers, those who do not belong are almost thrown out of the circle. Indeed I always like Abby better when not surrounded by her own relations as their habits and mode of life and thinking are so different from those which I have acquired that it is scarcely possible for us to meet upon common ground. Still it is matter of great question to me whether as a family their happiness is not greater with their system than our’s has been with the different one which fell to our share.
1. Presumably one of the daughters of George Bartlett, of Charlestown, who married Mary Gorham, a sister of Mrs. P. C. Brooks (Levi Bartlett, Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family in England and America, Lawrence, 1876, p. 92–93).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-07

Sunday 7th.

At Medford all day without attending Church. Mr. Stephen Gorham was here. A brother of Mrs. Brooks’.1 And while the family were absent Mr. and Mrs. E. Brooks called.2 As they have been living in the Country and not within convenient reach I have been deferring my visit to them from time to time. And it is unfortunate that of all the family they are the most punctilious. I have had notice that they are offended and must make up as soon as possible. Their treatment was civil but distant. Mr. Shepherd and his daughter also came in, and Gorham Brooks. Quiet in the evening.
1. Stephen Gorham (1776–1849), one of the sons of Nathaniel Gorham, lived in Charlestown (Thomas Bellows Wyman, The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, . . . Massachusetts, 1629–1818, Boston, 1879, 1:424).
2. Edward Brooks (1793–1878), the oldest son of P. C. Brooks, married Elizabeth Boott (1799–1865). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-08

Monday. 8th.

My spirits were unusually low this morning and it was very difficult for me thoroughly to account for it. Perhaps it might have arisen from an idea that my want of occupation and listless way of life at Medford created an appearance of dependance upon others which was revolting to my pride. Much as I love Abby I could not depend upon her father. It would break me down. Perhaps it would be impossible for me strictly to analyse my feelings. But I have such, and the causes of them are not yet quite fully open to me. The day was passed in close attendance at the Office and I read much and profitably. In the evening I amused myself in reading over Abby’s Letters to me and arranging them in a place of more safety, and I passed an hour in writing Executive Record thus recommencing the practice at Washington—although I much doubt whether it will be possible for me to be quite so regular now as I was when there.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-09

Tuesday. 9th.

Passed the morning at the Office. Mr. Webster invited me to dine with him. Company. Captain Basil Hall of the Royal Navy, and his Lady,1 Mr. Geo. Ticknor, and his lady, Mr. and Mrs. Hale,2 Mr. Bancroft, Geo. Blake, Mr. F. C. Gray and myself. The first named gentleman, to whom this dinner was given, is a man who has distinguished himself by publishing some travels, and has been so much praised in consequence that he comes here now to try his hand upon this Country. His manners are not first-rate although he seems an intelligent man. I was much pleased with Mrs. Hale. Ticknor was always my aversion. Evening at home.
1. Basil Hall (1788–1844), the British naval officer who had already published accounts of his travels in Asia and South America, made no mention of Daniel Webster’s dinner, or of CFA, in his Travels in North America, 1829, but Mrs. Hall, in a letter of 9 October 1827, refers to “Mr. Charles Adams (a son of the President)” and describes Webster’s dinner arrangements as “much better, according to our notions, than what we have before seen in this country” (The Aristocratic Journey: Being the Outspoken Letters of Mrs. Basil Hall, ed. Una Pope-Hennessy, N.Y., 1931, p. 87).
2. Presumably Nathan Hale (1784–1863), the editor of the Boston Daily Advertiser, and his wife, Sarah Preston (Everett) Hale, the sister of Edward Everett (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-10

Wednesday. 10th.

Morning at the Office. Afternoon also, making quite famous progress. Rainy weather. Have been obliged to defer my visit to Edward Brooks in consequence. In the evening I went to Mrs. Cruft’s. A small { 170 } party of her immediate relatives, and consequently not very agreeable. George went with me. He is in some measure resuming his regular habits again, much to my satisfaction. I walked home with Miss Harriet Welsh and talked much about him.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-11

Thursday 11th.

Morning at the Office. Dined at Mrs. Frothingham’s by special invitation. Family party given to Miss Dehon. Sidney, Chardon and Gorham Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Brooks Senr., Mrs. Chardon B., Mr. Everett and myself, Abby of course, Mr. and Mrs. Blodget invited on account of their being at Chardon’s. This party was tolerably pleasant, and I spent the evening with Abby instead of going to the Play.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-12

Friday. October 12th.

Morning at the Office, and in Court of Common Pleas. It is my custom to devote the Morning to study but perhaps it would be equally useful to spend it there. I heard a case argued for the recovery of money lost at play. Action of assumpsit under a Special Statute of Massachusetts. It was also particularly interesting to me as Mr. Kinsman was making his first trial. He had the correct side and his opponent, Mr. S. D. Parker, did not succeed although his argument was ingenious enough. Verdict for the Plaintiff.1 I then went to Mr. R. D. Shepherd’s where Abby was passing the day with his daughter, and remained a little more than an hour. After dinner I rode out to Watertown and paid the long contemplated visit to Mr. and Mrs. E. Brooks. Not being at home, I left my Card. Returning through Cambridge I seized the occasion to repay the visit of Lothrop to me. As we were not on perfectly good terms when we separated, and he was so fortunate as to make the first visit by card, I was glad of being able to return it in character. And so we are even again. Evening busy at home.
1. The two attorneys were Henry W. Kinsman, whose office was at 33 Court Street, and Samuel D. Parker, whose office was in Rogers’ building (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-13

Saturday 13th.

Morning at the Office. I received two letters, one from my Mother at Washington,1 the other from my Father at New York. The former in her customary melancholy tone. God forbid I should ever feel any thing but affection towards her, but in a contest between my duty to one parent and to the other I must support the one as well as the { 171 } other. But my Mother is now in such a condition that she cannot bear the truth, and her feelings are constantly carrying her into extremes which she repents when it is too late and when she attempts to hide them from herself. But on this subject I will not dilate. It has grieved me deeply and it has turned almost all the pleasure of my home into sorrow. Perhaps after all, the selfish philosophy is the safest. My father’s letter delighted me in as much as it opened a door to further, and as I hope, regular communication.2 The first of the two I answered on the spot as fully as possible, soothing as I could make it consistently with my duty to myself.
The remainder of the day I passed in Court hearing a small case of an Account for horse keeping. Defendant thought himself overcharged. The case was of little moment excepting that I saw the process of examining witnesses. After dinner I drove Abby to Winter Hill. Found a large party of Mr. Everett’s relations. His sisters and some others. After taking tea there, we went to Medford.
1. Missing.
2. JQA wrote: “You asked me some days since, for advice, with an intimation, that if I would give it, there should be some attention paid to it. I promised that I would faithfully advise you and with a view exclusively to your own welfare. I ask you therefore to write me every week, and as far as I am able will answer your Letters” (JQA to CFA, 10 Oct. 1827, Adams Papers). Taking advantage of the invitation, CFA promptly replied (16 Oct. 1827) and thus began a correspondence which totaled forty letters from each writer before it was suspended on 27 July 1828. Unless otherwise noted, all these letters are in the Adams Papers. Since they are presently available in full in the microfilm edition of the Adams Papers and will be published in large measure in the Adams Family Correspondence, it is not necessary to summarize or quote the individual letters in these pages, except where such reference is needed to make the meaning of CFA’s diary clear.
Taken as a whole, this remarkable correspondence reveals much about both the President and his son. These were not, by and large, informal, personal letters, though inevitably they contain many references to health, to family matters, and to finances. Nor were they generally discussions of political affairs. Instead, JQA intended his letters to guide his son to success—and he assumed that CFA would, like his father and his grandfather, aspire to a public career. Charles should, therefore, assiduously improve himself. Carefully he should budget his time. One way of gaining extra hours, undisturbed by business or social demands, was to rise early. “If you can establish the practice of rising at six, or still better, at five o’clock, the year round,” JQA urged, “you will not want time for study” (10 Oct. 1827). “I will not say it is impossible that an early riser should be a vicious man,” he further argued. “But I do say that early rising is indissolubly connected with many of the most active virtues” (9 Dec. 1827).
The time thus gained CFA should spend in hard work, always remembering that “Genius is the child of Toil” (16 Dec. 1827). He should read the great letter writers, such as Pliny, Voltaire, and Pascal; he should study Bacon; he should read widely in American history, though the books on this subject were “little more than details of facts; told with little art, and without much philosophy” (4 Feb. 1828). Especially he must study the works of Cicero, beginning with De Officiis, examining it “1. As a System of Ethics. 2. As a literary composition. 3. Biographically” (10 Feb. { 172 } 1828). To assist his son, JQA filled several letters with short historical and critical essays on Cicero’s more important orations.
Charles was an attentive but by no means uncritical listener to his father’s advice. The value of early rising, he soon decided, was much overrated, and he told JQA: “I cannot help thinking that there is an excess in this as in many other things and that the habit of witnessing the evident exhaustion under which you labour every evening has gone far to impress it upon my mind” (8 Jan. 1828). His father’s recommended books on American history he read eagerly, but they convinced him that Thomas Hutchinson’s Tory version of the pre-Revolutionary struggle was sounder than that of the American Whigs, including that upheld by his own grandfather. Repeatedly CFA maintained, in the face of JQA’s arguments, that the English Parliament did have the right to tax the colonies, adding, however, that a separation was probably inevitable since “the distance between the two nations . . . rendered a union absurd” (6 May 1828).
Even more disturbing to JQA was Charles’ contention that Cicero, “the individual whom you have pronounced your favourite,” was wanting in “firmness of character” (29 Jan. 1828) and was, therefore, inferior to Cato (8 April 1828). The President was so upset by Charles’ dissent that LCA had to warn her son: “even if his deductions are not entirely like yours on points of moral character, respect prejudices acquired by favorite studies and ... do not harshly and positively condemn them” (LCA to CFA, 17 April 1828, Adams Papers).
Behind these disagreements lay a more basic one: Charles was resisting his father’s plan to have him enter public life. “I do not expect to make a very great figure in the world,” CFA told his father. “I cannot get over my dislike to the idea of a political existence. It shackles the independence of mind and feeling which I have always perhaps extravagantly admired, and in this Country it destroys all social ties, all the finer but less intense enjoyments of existence” (22 Jan. 1828). Taking this as a slur upon his own career, JQA retorted sharply: “If you prefer to remain in private life, stand aloof—you may be sure not to be disturbed in your privacy” (26 March 1828).
Nevertheless, both men enjoyed their epistolary exchanges. To Charles the letters brought a closeness to his father which the Adams coldness forbade in direct personal intercourse. “I am sorry that you should think me likely to consider your letters tedious,” he assured JQA. “For I assure you, Sir, nothing can exceed the gratification with which I receive communications, (and of such a kind especially) from you” (13 Nov. 1827). The President, for his part, was pleased by Charles’ punctuality in writing every week, a practice so markedly in contrast with GWA’s carelessness as to correspondence and business (LCA to CFA, 20 Feb. 1828, Adams Papers). At the same time JQA found his son’s letters and questions a welcome opportunity to turn from the gloomy political scene to the literary pursuits which he so loved. “Your letters are becoming a necessary of life to me,” he assured Charles. “I have not in seven years read so much of classical literature, as since I began these Letters to you. And I might add I have not in seven years enjoyed so much luxurious entertainment” (25 Nov. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-14

Sunday 14th.

Medford. Went to Meeting in the Morning. Walked with Mr. Brooks, both going and returning. Mr. Stetson, the Parson of the Parish, preached pompously enough. In the afternoon I read the Reviews, and in the evening I talked with Abby. My observation of her is [at] last leading me to one definite conclusion. I see where the principal trouble is likely to arise, but as yet have found no adequate { 173 } plan to remedy the probable evil. Her feelings are most amazingly sensitive, inconceivably so to one who did not know her, and the mischief has been in her education, for these have been always nourished so much that she is still a child.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-15

Monday. 15th.

I rode into town this morning after spending an hour with Abby, the recollection of which induced me to make the remarks upon the preceding page. I felt slightly melancholy as I was apprehensive that a trivial speech of mine had left an unpleasant effect upon her mind. She is in some respects a little childish. Time will certainly wear off some of this, but in the mean time I have a difficult part to play. Morning passed at the Office and in Court. The afternoon in study at the Office. In the evening I attended a Moot Court which is established here by a Society of Students at Law. Heard an argument, which was all on one side owing to the misunderstanding of the Parties. It was hardly a regular Meeting.1 They commence on Monday next. And I am Chief Justice as we commence in the order of our names. After this Richardson and I took Supper at the Exchange.
1. The informal moot court, to which CFA refers in this and subsequent entries, was “composed of all the young men who are students of law in the town. . . . The number belonging to it is . . . sixteen or eighteen out of whom some twelve are generally present at each meeting. Three act as Justices and take their turns alphabetically, while two others perform the duties of Counsel, who are taken in the inverted order of the letters” (CFA to JQA, 25 Dec. 1827, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-16

Tuesday. 16th.

According to my father’s advice in Saturday’s letter I arose at five o’clock, and wrote more than an hour by Candle light. As it is new I do not know how it will succeed, but I am determined that he shall not again say that I neglect his advice. My time was occupied in replying to his letter, and in copying the reply, which is also a new thing to me. Morning in Court. Afternoon at the Office. Evening with Richardson at the Federal Street Theatre. The Comedy of Errors. I have never seen it performed before. The Dromios were tolerably like each other. Hackett and Barnes.1 Interlude, The Citizen,2 Mr. Hackett’s Stories and Monsieur Tonson.3 Fatiguing. Supped with Richardson at the Exchange.
1. James Henry Hackett (1800–1871), an American actor, and John Barnes, the English comedian (Odell, Annals N.Y. Stage, 3:191–192; Ireland, Records of the N.Y. Stage, 1:316–317; 2:365).
2. A farce by Arthur Murphy.
3. A farce by William T. Moncrieff.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-17

Wednesday. 17th.

I arose at about half past five o’clock and read Cruise’s Digest1 until breakfast. It is not my intention however to devote this time also to the Law hereafter. But as yet I have adopted no other course of reading. Morning at the Office in diligent attention to Selwyn.2 Afternoon occupied in a similar manner. Declined an invitation to a ball at Mrs. Ticknor’s because Abby was not invited and passed the evening in occupation at my room. Richardson had promised to come and spend the evening with me but failed.
1. William Cruise, A Digest of the Laws of England, Respecting Real Property, 5 vols., N.Y., 1808.
2. William Selwyn, An Abridgment of the Law of Nisi Prius, 3 vols., Phila., 1807–1808.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-18

Thursday. 18th.

Occupied two hours before breakfast reading Sir William Temple’s Essays.1 At the Office but read nothing. In the Circuit Court but nothing was done. Found a note requesting me to be at Mrs. Frothingham’s at 11 o’clock where I went and saw Abby for a few minutes. Then I lounged two hours in an Auction Room before time to return to dine. Mr. Frothingham is a pleasant man. After dinner I sat until five o’clock with Abby, when I went to the Office for a moment and home to tea after which I again went down and spent the evening at Mrs. Frothingham’s. I am extravagantly fond of Abby, and felt today as welcome as when I should see her after absence. I declined an Invitation to Mrs. Boott’s.2
1. A copy of Sir William Temple’s Essays, 2 vols., London, 1821, is in the Stone Library.
2. Presumably Mrs. Kirk Boott, the mother of Mrs. Edward Brooks (Columbian Centinel, 9 May 1821).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-19

Friday. 19th.

Morning occupied in reading but with less time than I have had heretofore. After breakfast at the Office without reading much. In the Circuit Court without hearing much. Went to an auction of Oil Paintings and purchased some for little or nothing. Called at Miss Carter’s for Abby and paid visits with her to Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Cruft, dropping in at Miss Shepherd’s. I then returned home to dine. At four o’clock I called at Mrs. Frothingham’s in a Gig for Abby and drove her out of town to Medford where I passed the evening with her, as the family went out to tea.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-20

Saturday. 20th.

Rode into Boston. The day was lovely and my spirits were calm and quiet. Occupied in writing to my Mother1 and in reading. But the three last days have been very much wasted. In the evening I sent for Richardson to pass the evening with me. Our conversation was a painful one. It turned first upon some slight he thought he had received from me which I was obliged to explain without effectually removing his suspicions. It then fell upon other subjects of a nature deeply affecting to me and calculated to act violently upon me. As such, I was in very low spirits when I went to bed.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-21

Sunday. 21st.

My sad reflections did not prevent my sleeping until near six o’clock this morning, after which I arose and occupied myself in reading until ten o’clock when I started to go to Medford. The day was chilly. Found Abby slightly unwell and asleep, in consequence of which I amused myself in reading the American Quarterly Review. Mr. Thayer, a young man in the Class before me at College,1 having officiated at the Meeting house, dined with Mr. Brooks. The rising of young men who were with me at College, around here, puts me strongly in mind of the advance in life which we are all making. Indeed it is striking to perceive the change which has occurred since I left Cambridge not yet a graduate. In the afternoon I sat with Abby, and in the evening Mrs. Tufts of Weymouth, of whom I have spoken once before, drank tea here. On the whole I believe I am now as happy as I ever shall be. My thoughts sometimes trouble me but I have nothing more serious and my hopes are gaining the upper hand. Besides I am in love and that is poetry itself.
1. Christopher Toppan Thayer, Harvard 1824, graduated from the Divinity School in 1827.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-22

Monday. 22d.

Rode to town this morning. At the Office in the morning and afternoon, reading at home on account of the unpleasant weather. It rained violently at night. I attended the Moot Court and heard the cause argued which I was to decide. Richardson and Withington were both confused by a first attempt.1 After we had adjourned, the former of the two and I talked at the Exchange. Returned home in a violent rain.
1. The case concerned the dower rights of a widow. John Hancock Richardson { 176 } appeared for the plaintiff; O. H. Withington for the defendant. CFA’s ruling on the case is preserved in his Law Miscellanies (M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-23

Tuesday. 23d.

As I was getting up this morning I accidentally broke my washing basin and in endeavouring to save it, cut my thumb so badly as to disable me from writing to my father according to my arrangement. It was painful all day but in the morning I occupied myself in my regular reading at the Office and in the afternoon and evening at my room looking out the authorities for the cases just cited in a morning’s note to me by Richardson1 who was so much troubled that he omitted half of them.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-24

Wednesday 24th.

I omitted yesterday noticing the receipt of two letters from my Mother, one of which should have come some days since. The latter was in tolerable spirits and rather pleasant. My time was principally taken up at the Office, and in the evening, I went to Dr. Welsh’s and passed the evening. George has fallen into a bad habit of talking in a prosy way.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-25

Thursday 25th.

Hand still troublesome. Morning at the Office, at Mrs. Frothingham’s and in Court. Abby has come to town for the remainder of the week. In Court all the afternoon listening to the Charge of the Judge to the Jury upon the trial of a man for his life, for cruelty and hard treatment of a sailor, he being a master of a vessel, and for ordering him to go up the rigging when he was not able to support himself whereby he fell into the Sea. It was an aggravated case of rough treatment but not sufficient, as I thought, to subject him to a capital punishment. I left the Court before the Judge had closed being obliged to go to Long Wharf to look after some things which belonged to me. My books which have at last arrived. In the evening I went with Abby to a party at Mrs. Coolidge’s. It is the first large one to which I have been. My acquaintance as yet is very limited. I knew only Miss Virginia Foster and Abby Quincy. Miss Marshall was there. Pretty but not so handsome as she is pronounced. Mrs. Eliot and Mrs. Rogers1 were there also. Returned at eleven o’clock.
1. Presumably Mrs. Lloyd N. Rogers, the former Eliza Law. See entry for 14 Sept., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-26

Friday 26th.

Morning occupied in examining authorities for my Case. After breakfast went to Long Wharf after my Cases of books which I succeeded in obtaining safely at my room. I cannot live comfortably without them. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s for Abby and walked with her to Harding’s room to see the Pictures of my father and of Miss Dehon. They are likenesses but the former is not an agreeable one. At half past three, I started with George to go to Mr. Boylston’s. The day was cold. Found the old gentleman much decayed, and evidently likely to go soon. He was still kind and pleasant however. Returned at six and spent the evening pleasantly at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Miss Julia Gorham was there and quite pleasant. Returned home at ten accompanying this lady to her’s first.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-27

Saturday 27th.

Morning at the Office. I forgot to mention yesterday the receipt of an extraordinary Note from John portending much.1 But as he does not say what is to come I shall patiently wait until his nerves become more calm. Also a letter from my father. At eleven I went to see Abby and called with her at Mrs. Dexter’s. An old lady whom I met at Nahant, the widow of Samuel Dexter. After dinner I rode with Abby to Winter Hill where we drank tea with Mrs. Everett, and in the evening after a pleasant conversation, we rode over to Medford where we found only Mr. and Mrs. Brooks.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-28

Sunday 28th.

Attended Meeting in the Morning and heard Mr. Stetson preach a Sermon without much merit although not bad. It was very cool in the House indeed. Read some articles in the Edinburgh Review in the afternoon. Mr. Everett called. Evening conversation upon the subject of Houses.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-29

Monday 29th.

I returned to Boston this morning alone, having a very pleasant ride as the weather had moderated exceedingly. On my going to George’s room I found a letter of a singular description had been received by him from my Mother.1 This created on his part some feeling and led to a general explanation of his affairs. Much was said on both sides, but I was gratified as it removed one of the bars { 178 } which had existed heretofore between us. Much can be done yet and if the heavens will only stand propitious the misery which threatens our family may yet be averted. I returned to my room and wrote a letter to my Mother concerning him.2 After dinner I was occupied in writing out the opinion upon the law case of last Monday which I delivered at the Court in the evening.3 Heard a case argued there and then took Supper with Richardson at the Boston Coffee House. We separated at ten.
1. Missing.
2. Missing.
3. See entry for 22 Oct., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-30

Tuesday 30th.

Morning at the Office and in the Circuit Court. The Captain who was tried on Thursday last was sentenced today. One hundred dollars fine and two years and a half of imprisonment. Called upon Mrs. Ticknor with George. At one o’clock went out with him to Jamaica Plains and dined with Mr. Boylston. He looked to me much worse than when we saw him on Friday. A certain Mr. Curtis dined with us, a sensible man.1 After drinking tea, we took leave of him perhaps for ever. The day had been very unpleasant. In the evening it rained, but I was quietly at home.
1. Nathaniel Curtis, of Roxbury, who was to become, along with JQA, an executor of Ward N. Boylston’s complicated will (JQA, Diary, 25 June 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0010-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-10-31

Wednesday. 31st.

Morning occupied in reading Cruise. In the Circuit Court listening to the proceedings in a trial in which the validity of an assignment of the property of the De Wolfs of Rhode Island was discussed.1 Afternoon reading Cruise at the Office. Richardson called to see me in the evening and we amused ourselves tracing over in my Journal the history of College affairs.
1. The case was that of the New England Marine Insurance Company v. James De Wolf Jr. See entry for 6 Mar. 1829, and note, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-01

Thursday. November 1st.

Morning occupied in copying a Lecture upon Practice in Law.1 A subject of which as yet I know nothing. I pursued the subject at the Office. Received a letter from my Mother2 which had a considerable effect upon my spirits for the remainder of the day. The family have evidently been in a state of high excitement about probable arrangements and I am much afraid that owing to the over earnestness { 179 } of my mother upon some unpleasant subject, my father has spoken.3 I then had a conversation with George which did not contribute to improve what had already been shaken, inasmuch as it unfolded to me clearly all the errors of his mind which are likely to operate upon his fate. Afternoon at the Office reading Cruise. Drank tea at Mrs. Frothingham’s and went in the evening to a Ball at Mrs. B. Joy’s.4 Abby, Julia Gorham, and George went with me and we had a very agreeable evening. The party was quite crowded. George seemed to have enjoyed himself very much and as I thought was very much in the mood of forgetting Miss Abigail Adams altogether. If this could only continue. I reached my room precisely at midnight.
1. The lectures which Judge Samuel Howe (1785–1828) delivered on the practice of law at his law school in Northampton were circulated in manuscript. CFA copied them in his legal commonplace book for 1827–1829 (Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311). After Howe’s death (see entry for 21 Jan. 1828, below), the lectures were published under the title The Practice in Civil Action and Proceedings at Law, in Massachusetts, Boston, 1834 (DAB).
2. Missing.
3. The recent rumblings from members of the Adams household in Washington probably concerned JA2’s desire to marry Mary C. Hellen. Because his son was in no position to support a wife, JQA had refused his consent. The young people became engaged nevertheless (see entry for 8 Nov., below) but they were not married until February of the next year (Bemis, JQA, 2:118).
4. Mrs. Benjamin Joy, the wife of a merchant who lived at 33 Chesnut Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-02

Friday. 2d.

Morning at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. I felt very stupid in consequence of the dissipation of the night before, and did not get over it during the whole of the day. Afternoon at the Office. In the evening I went with Abby and George to Mrs. Gardner’s party. She is a daughter of Mr. Peabody of Salem and this ball was given to Mrs. Peabody, her brother’s lately married wife.1 It was tolerably pleasant and again twelve o’clock before I arrived safely at home.
1. Mrs. John Lowell Gardner, who gave the party, was the former Catherine Elizabeth Peabody, daughter of Joseph Peabody of Salem. Her brother, George Peabody, had recently married Clarissa Endicott. Information supplied by Mrs. Dorothy M. Potter, of the Essex Institute.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-03

Saturday 3d.

I awoke very early in the morning quite sick in consequence of some irregularity in my diet of yesterday, and it was not until late in the day that I recovered. Morning was passed at Mrs. Frothingham’s with Abby and at one o’clock I took her up and we rode over to Winter Hill and dined with Mr. and Mrs. Everett. She is pregnant and going { 180 } to Medford to be confined during his absence at Washington. We left them early and passed the evening at Medford.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-04

Sunday 4th.

This day passed with very little to make it remarkable as indeed all happy days do. And I could not but think that my love was delicious and even if all futurity was pain, it could not at least deprive me of the recollection that I had also enjoyed its equivalent in happiness.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-05

Monday. 5th.

I came into Boston bringing Abby to Boston with me. Morning at the Office reading law. Afternoon also. In the evening I went to the Moot Court but on account of the absence of members it did not sit. Evening quietly at home in consequence.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-06

Tuesday. 6th.

My time is at last pretty much at my own disposal and I am progressing in the study of my Profession. This morning before breakfast was devoted to writing a letter to my Father upon the subject of my expenses which are likely to be greater than I had apprehended.1 I then called at Miss Welsh’s by request who wished to consult me about my Mother’s picture, wherein I am in favour of alteration. The remainder of the day was devoted to the Office, Selwyn and Cruise. And the evening was occupied in the same manner at home.
1. JQA had planned to give Charles an allowance of $800 a year, payable quarterly. CFA, denying that he had ever “been unwarrantably extravagant,” declared that his engagement to Abigail imposed heavy expenses upon him; when she was in Boston, he had to bear “the whole care of her in going to evening parties,” and when she was in Medford, he was obliged to rent a horse and gig in order to make his frequent visits. “Under these circumstances,” he wrote his father, “I must candidly state that the sum you mentioned for my support, although . . . ample for me individually, . . . cannot cover the expenses of the nature alluded to” (CFA to JQA, 6 Nov. 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-07

Wednesday 7th.

Arose this morning to see the fall of snow which had taken place in the night, and was now changed into drenching rain. Morning at the Office. The day was passed in close attention to my studies, but the afternoon was mostly spent at home. The rain again changed to snow. Evening busy at home. Nothing new or remarkable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-08

Thursday 8th.

Day quite stormy. Snow falling. Received a letter from my Mother1 announcing the engagement of John and Mary Hellen. This is in agreement with her last words to me and I feel rather pleased that it should thus come to an end. Of it’s probable effect upon the family I cannot yet make up my mind but in relation to George it certainly is unfortunate. There is much room for reflection in these matters. We are now taking leave of the unity of interest which binds a family together, to gain or lose by the exchange. I am much afraid she will not throw the balance on the side of the former. The day was occupied in study and conversation. Evening at home.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-09

Friday 9th.

Morning rather wasted. Received a letter from John1 explaining the troubles in the family, rather a sad picture but one which will not probably change much for the better, at least at present. Talked a good deal with George and found him sophistical as ever. This will be his ruin. Thomas J. Hellen came in and sat some time. He had re-entered from his suspension, leaves College and returns to Washington tomorrow. In the afternoon Richardson called and sat at the Office some time so that I read but little of the law during the day. In the evening I wrote an answer to John2 instead of going to the Theatre.
1. Missing.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-10

Saturday 10th.

I occupied myself before breakfast in writing a letter to my Mother.1 On going to the Office, received the news of the result in the late New York election2 which tends to convince me that the term of my Father’s Presidency is drawing to it’s close. A circumstance which is deeply to be regretted but to be met with fortitude. The morning was occupied pretty much in conversation upon the subject and my spirits were certainly none of the best. The day was rather wasted, not much having been done besides a small portion of Selwyn and Cruise. In the afternoon I went to Medford with Mr. Brooks, the weather was severely cold for this Season of the year, and my ride was a very sharp one. Abby was well and in great spirits at seeing me.
1. Missing.
2. Martin Van Buren’s anti-administration ticket won an easy victory in the elec• { 182 } tions for the New York state legislature (Washington Daily National Intelligencer, 12 Nov. 1827; JQA, Diary, 7 and 15 Nov. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-11

Sunday. 11th.

Amazingly cold for this Season. I spent the morning very quietly at the house reading Dr. Channing’s Review of the late work of Walter Scott’s upon Napoleon.1 It is written with his peculiar force and felicity of expression. The views which he takes of his character are striking and altogether new. And nothing could more effectually demolish the famous position which Mr. McDuffie assumed last summer as to the Standard of merit. Whether he had this gentleman’s ideas in his mind when he wrote, it is impossible to decide. In the afternoon I attended Meeting and heard my old Minister, Mr. Whitney of Quincy, deliver one of his old sermons. In the evening I sat with Abby and alone. Which last part of the time was disposed in melancholy reflection upon the old subject.
1. William Ellery Channing (1780–1842) was the influential Unitarian minister of the Federal Street Church in Boston. His “Remarks on the Life and Character of Napoleon Bonaparte,” which appeared in two parts in the Christian Examiner for 1827–1828, was intended “to destroy the romantic glamor that invests the successful warrior.” See DAB; The Works of William E. Channing, Boston, 1847, 1:69–166.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-12

Monday. 12th.

Rode to Boston in company with Mr. Brooks. Found a letter from my Father in his most agreeable strain which put me in spirits for the remainder of the day. Although the political news was of a nature not to encourage my hopes. The day was passed in reading Law and the evening at the Moot Court after which Richardson and I went to the Boston Coffee House and took a Supper of Ducks and some Champagne which was not good. Returned early.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-13

Tuesday. 13th.

Occupied at my room in writing my letter to my Father. After which I went to the Office. Owing to the continued rain I was disappointed about going to Medford. Spirits rather low owing to the conviction of the hopelessness of political prospects. Studied all day. In the evening busy at home. Took up again the Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-14

Wednesday. 14th.

The storm continued all day changing its complexion from rain to Snow. At the Office in the morning, but remained at home in the { 183 } afternoon prosecuting my studies diligently. Indeed one seldom fails of being able to derive some good out of every ill, and as the bad weather both yesterday and today have deprived me of the company of Abby, I have still not been uselessly employed. According to the advice of my Father, I have commenced reading the Lettres Provinciales of Pascal.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-15

Thursday 15th.

Morning cold but clear. Not much of any thing done in the course of the day. Read a little law and went to Medford with Mr. Brooks where I spent the remainder of the day as happily as usual. In the storms of political life, in the depression which seems now to be gathering round our family, I still find something to thank Heaven for. I have some objects which politics cannot shake my feelings about, and by a peculiar Providence one of these objects has removed me for this Winter from a scene likely to show nothing but violence, mortification and despair. It is my wish to act now upon the feelings of my Mother in order to make her look to this portion of the Country as her final home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-16

Friday 16th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. A very pleasant ride. Passed the morning without doing much. The Office being a very bad place to study at present. Mr. Webster will soon go. Afternoon, little done. In the evening I was busy at home, where I find now I can do much more effectively. No news.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-17

Saturday. 17th.

Received a letter from my Father in reply to mine of the 6th as satisfactory as possible upon the subject of expenses.1 Morning passed without much utility. I went to Medford to dine, in company with Mr. Brooks. We found Edward and P. Chardon with their wives and had on the whole a very pleasant dinner. The afternoon and evening were passed in conversation with Abby.
1. Replying to CFA’s complaint that his allowance was inadequate (see entry for 6 Nov., and note, above), JQA wrote:
“The extraordinary charges to which you are liable, from the peculiarity of your situation, are of a nature to which I cannot object and for which I am willing according to my ability to provide. The allowance which I had proposed to make you was the same I had made to your brother George, when at the same State of his education. You find it insufficient to meet your necessary expenses. Let me know what addition you wish to have made to it—Remembering that ... in the allowances of a Parent { 184 } to his children, a relative proportion of equal regard is to be observed between them as well as between the liberality and the circumstances of the Parent.”
(JQA to CFA, 11 Nov. 1827, Adams Papers)
See also entry for 20 Nov., and note, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-18

Sunday. 18th.

Attended Meeting in the morning. Heard Mr. Stetson who was much as usual. The remainder of the day was passed very quietly at the house. Mrs. Brooks with ten children grown up and thriving as much as possible, has been inconsolable for the loss of one, three or four years since, and on this day seemed disposed to revert to it constantly.1 Such is the nature of human character, never satisfied with the blessings already existing, either mourning for those which are gone or grasping after some which are to come. Abby had some serious conversation with me relating to ourselves and I am still doubtful whether our characters will perfectly unite. So far however we have done very well.
1. The child for whom Mrs. Brooks still grieved was Octavius (1813–1822). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-19

Monday. 19th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. Received letters from my Mother and John rather of an encouraging nature.1 His marriage is to take place soon, and I am glad of it as it will settle my prospects in that light, so far as temporal affairs go. Called on Mrs. Webster. In the afternoon I went to see Abby at her sister’s and passed the afternoon there. In the evening, attended Moot Court and heard an able argument.2 Supped with Richardson.
1. Both missing.
2. The case involved the technical question of a “Demurrer to the Declaration for omitting the averment in regard to tending what was due on a Note at the place specified” (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-20

Tuesday. 20th.

Wrote to my Father before breakfast.1 I then went to the Office where I passed the morning, with the exception of a short call at Mrs. Frothingham’s. The afternoon was spent there. Abby was in a fretful humour, and for the first time I discovered trouble in this quarter. But it is useless to forebode.

“I have set my life upon a cast,

And I will stand the hazard of the die.”2

In the evening we went to Mrs. Gorham’s accompanied by George. { 185 } This young man feels disposed to admire this lady’s daughter, but I apprehend he will find small encouragement. He wants a fashionable exterior, to the semblance of which he attempted to shape himself and became in consequence “grotesque.” But I am severe. Abby was not in good temper and I came home a little melancholy. Midnight.
1. CFA wrote that his father’s letter concerning his allowance (see entry for 17 Nov., and note, above) was “perfectly satisfactory.” Acknowledging in principle that he and his brothers should be treated equally, he claimed that his special situation obliged him to incur expenses totaling five hundred dollars a year more than those required of JA2 and that GWA “has often told me his average expenses here had been nearly twelve hundred a year.” “But I do not feel disposed to argue upon this subject any further . . . ,” he concluded; “in writing ... to you I did not wish to have any further allowance made. The intention . . . was merely, to be perfectly candid as to my situation. I will still attempt to keep within the limit first prescribed [i.e. $800 a year]” (CFA to JQA, 20 Nov. 1827, Adams Papers).
2. Shakespeare, Richard the Third, Act V, Scene iv, lines 9–10.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-21

Wednesday. 21st.

Arose quite late and with a head ache in consequence of the last night’s party. Passed the morning rather in a lazy way talking with George, who thinks many things well but does them ill. Much conversation on the subject of John’s affair, and his own concerns. Dined at Mrs. Frothingham’s where I passed the afternoon and evening. Abby was again in good spirits and affectionate as usual so that like a true lover, I forgot all my melancholy in my happiness. Chardon and his wife, Edward and his wife, Frances and Mary Dehon1 and Julia Gorham were there. It was quite a family party but a little tedious. We had some music and a slight Supper but not half so pleasant as the small ones which we usually have “en famille.” Home at ten accompanying Julia.
1. Mary M. Dehon was subsequently to marry Edward Blake, of Boston (Columbian Centinel, 5 Sept. 1838).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-22

Thursday. 22d.

Wrote to John before breakfast.1 Morning at the Office and in Court where Mr. Otis was arguing his own cause. It is now some time since he has appeared in public and curiosity was a good deal raised. His manner is very pleasant and seems to have been modelled for a Court room style.2 After dinner I went to Mrs. Frothingham’s and passed the afternoon with Abby returning to my room only to dress for a party at Mrs. Gray’s given for Miss Charlotte as that the other evening was given for Miss Gorham. This young lady accompanied Abby and I. { 186 } Abby was very well dressed and looked charmingly. And I enjoyed myself more than at any party since last winter. Home before twelve.
1. Letter missing.
2. After a ten-year absence from the bar, Harrison Gray Otis appeared before the Massachusetts Supreme Court as his own attorney in a case involving title to the valuable Mill Pond lands in Boston; his argument lasted eight hours (Columbian Centinel, 24 Nov. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-23

Friday. 23d.

Called at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby and passed all the morning there. Found her a little disposed to be dull and had much conversation with her upon many subjects. After dinner at the Office. And in the evening called for her at her friend’s, Miss Anne Carter. She is an invalid in a consumption, and very interesting. But I was rather dull. I dined with George today in consequence of my dinner at home being forgotten as it had been ordered an hour earlier to accommodate the arrangements for the funeral of one of the boarders who died Wednesday night. His name was Weld1 and he died under circumstances which have given me a strong dislike to my Landlady and her Maiden Sisters.
1. Benjamin Lincoln Weld, an attorney, died on 21 November 1827 (Boston Daily Advertiser, 24 Nov. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-24

Saturday. 24th.

Wrote to my Mother.1 Called at Mrs. F.’s and sat an hour with Abby. Returned home to dress and went out in the Carriage with her and her father to Medford. Mrs. Everett and family are at last settled there. The whole seemed a compound of dullness and melancholy and I bethought myself that they were beginning to realize the advantages of a Winter’s residence here.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-25

Sunday 25th.

The children have made me wish myself in Boston more than once. Indeed to a man of my old habits, it is the last trial. My love for Abby is great indeed to induce me to face this and the Winter’s cold together at Medford. And yet she is the only one of the family free from care and able to resist the appalling effects of the weather upon the spirits of the rest, and like a really noble girl she is determined to immure herself here in the performance of this duty. But I cannot help thinking it a very mad project to remain out here. Attended Meeting in the Afternoon and heard Mr. Upham.1 Not much, I thought. In the evening, a great deal of conversation with Abby.
{ 187 }
1. Charles W. Upham, the Congregational minister at Salem (Mass. Register, 1827, p. 110).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-26

Monday 26th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. Morning at the Office. My spirits sink almost insensibly, certainly against my will when I find myself with a prospect of being so long without seeing Abby. In the afternoon Richardson called upon me and passed the afternoon at my room. Our conversation was very desultory. In the evening I attended the Moot Court and sat as a Judge.1 We had an amusing discussion afterwards upon the propriety of repealing the Law making Stockholders liable in corporations for the amount of their debts, and some points of order. Richardson and I afterwards adjourned to a Supper of Venison, and I returned rather late.
1. The made-up case concerned a minor who failed to pay a note he had given to cover his board while at Harvard. CFA as judge held “the capability of an Infant to contract in writing for necessaries (and no further) as fully established by the cases cited by the Counsel at Bar” (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-27

Tuesday. 27th.

Wrote to my father according to custom, and in reply to a letter received yesterday from him. Morning at the Office and again in the afternoon. I went to see the Statue of Washington by Chantrey1 which is just raised in the State House. It disappointed me very agreeably as I had been dissatisfied with the print. I do not know whether to approve entirely of it’s location. I was this evening invited to Mrs. Derby’s2 and had accepted, but as the time drew near I felt it impossible to go without Abby, and so after an hour’s indecision concluded to stay at home.
1. Francis Legatt Chantrey (1781–1841), the English sculptor (DNB).
2. Presumably the widow of Elias Hasket Derby (1766–1826), the former Lucy Brown (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-28

Wednesday. 28th.

Morning at the Office. Nothing new of any importance. Studied but not with effect. In the afternoon copied some of the Lecture on Practice. Went with George to the Theatre in Common Street. The first play was the Wonder or a Woman keeps a Secret by Mrs. Centlivre.1 It is tolerably well performed. But my principal object in going was to see the French Opera Dancers who are here.2 I was much delighted. The music here is fine. There is such a union of all attractive circumstances in this display, that it is not wonderful that the senses of many { 188 } become bewildered. It is a new thing that a Boston audience can bear them. But the world wags and we change. Afterpiece, the Romp, which I have heard often but still admire the music.
1. This English comedy was by Susanna Centlivre.
2. The French Company of the New Orleans Theater had made its New York debut in July, presenting French opera and vaudeville, with dancing (Odell, Annals N.Y. Stage, 3:252–253).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-29

Thursday 29th.

Thanksgiving day. Arose quite late and occupied myself for some time in reading. At eleven o’clock I started to go to Medford which place I reached in an hour, before the family had returned from Meeting. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brooks came out and dined here. I am always indisposed to these visits and the more I see of them the less I like them. Coming out as I do to see only Abby, I take no interest beyond her and feel as if I was not in my element when circumstances force me into the society of others. Mrs. Frothingham I like however independently of them or Abby. My patience was very much tried by some remarks which Mr. Frothingham made upon Dr. Channing’s life of Napoleon and I was finally compelled to express my opinion and reasons for it. A circumstance for which I was quite sorry as every thing of this sort here looks like display. At home it would be merely an every day business and looked upon as such. It is in this that I feel most the want of mine, for now I am obliged to contain my own thoughts upon literary subjects instead of deriving light and aid from what I certainly now discover was a highly cultivated literary domestic taste. I passed the evening in company with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0011-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-11-30

Friday. 30th.

The weather was so very stormy this morning as to prevent my being able to return to Boston. It was passed mostly with Abby. But my spirits were in the most dreadfully distressed condition. My thoughts turning upon the old subject. Indeed I do not know that for a day, they ever were before so completely gloomy. I read part of Mr. Burke’s Speech on Indian affairs, and at four determined to return to town. Had a rainy ride but a quiet evening and occupation began to make me feel that the current had changed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-01

Saturday. 1st.

Wrote to my Mother.1 Morning and afternoon at the office occupied { 189 } quite diligently at the Office. My spirits much improved although still liable to momentary depression. Political news improving a little. Busy at home in the evening in reading pleasantly and profitably.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-02

Sunday. 2d.

Morning reading and occupied until eleven o’clock when it was time for me to go to Medford. The day seemed fair, but a cold wind made my ride less pleasant than I had anticipated. At home all day with Abby and in the evening. We are very much in love. And the idea of living so long engaged becomes quite fatiguing. But I suppose it must be. And after all it may be the remaining happiness in my lot. The dark clouds often pass over my brow when she notices them, but I can not explain them to any one. If my prayers will avail ought, (and why should I not believe that they will?) she at least will be free from my causes of unhappiness.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-03

Monday. 3d.

Returned to town after some conversation with Abby after breakfast. Received a letter from my father quite pleasant. It is now growing more and more probable that he will be defeated in his re-election and I am therefore disposed to alleviate his mortification by making some effort to please him. At the Office in the afternoon looking over cases for a decision. I dissented from the opinion of the C[hief] J[ustice] at the Moot Court this evening. These meetings are becoming both interesting and profitable by our success in infusing a little spirit into them. A debate afterwards. Richardson and I adjourned from there to a supper of venison which I enjoyed exceedingly. Returned at eleven.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-04

Tuesday. 4th.

Wrote a letter to my father according to custom. Received one from my Mother, which was not very intelligible.1 The day was passed at the Office but I suffered with a bad head ach in consequence of my eating too much at Supper last night. This prevented me from much diligence during the evening. Weather gloomy and I experienced much difficulty in keeping my spirits even at a reasonable point.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-05

Wednesday. 5th.

Occupied at the Office all day copying a Paper called a bill in Equity turning pretty much upon the question on which I gave a decision at { 190 } the Moot Court sometime since. It was long and I did but little else. Evening at home. George came in previous to going to Quincy’s Wedding where he is Groomsman.1 We had an animated discussion upon the propriety of writing to John upon his contemplated marriage. He will not do it and thereby betrays more littleness of feeling than I had wished to suspect him of. Read the remainder of the Evening. Pascal and Vivian Grey. George serenaded me as he was obliged to be out with the band.
1. Josiah Quincy (1802–1882) married Mary Jane Miller. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-06

Thursday. 6th.

I finished the Letters of Louis de Montalte by Pascal. This book, though upon antiquated subjects, pleases me. The style is pure and the controversial eloquence which it displays is the reason that it has been recommended by my Father. Morning at the Office without doing much excepting looking out cases for an argument at the Moot Court next week. At a little after one o’clock George and I started for Medford where we arrived and found Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham, Mr. and Mrs. Chardon Brooks, and Miss Dehon. Our dinner was pleasant. Abby seemed in good spirits and we returned to Boston in the dark. George and I had another discussion. It is a difficult matter to change an animal like him but so far the result has certainly been flattering, and although the close has not yet arrived and much painful conversation must be gone through before any thing can be expected, yet now I am not without hope that he has got the right direction. He spent the evening with me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-07

Friday. 7th.

Morning at the Office looking out authorities in the case which I am about to argue before the Moot Court. Busy in the afternoon about the same, and passed the Evening at my room in reading quietly, a thing which at the present day is seldom granted me. The day was passed pleasantly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-08

Saturday 8th.

Morning occupied before breakfast in writing to my Mother.1 After breakfast went down to hear the result of the meeting of Congress but no news came. The mail had been delayed for the first time. I then called at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby and after a half an hour, I returned to the Office where I passed the day without doing much { 191 } which could be called useful. My case went on but on the whole a good deal of time was wasted. At five I went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to go out in the Carriage of Mr. B. to Medford. Mr. Brooks, Mrs. Everett, Abby and I went out. The night was very dark and rainy as the whole week has been. Arrived safe and felt dull after I got there.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-09

Sunday 9th.

Mr. Frothingham who came out to preach this morning at Medford brought the news of the election of Speaker and the President’s Message. The opposition party have triumphed and this is a severe blow upon the prospects of the present administration.1 My own opinion is that their fate is decided and that all the rest will be nothing but a fiery struggle against it. And our own prospects are gloomy beyond description. I attended Meeting in the afternoon but did not think much of the Sermon. My ideas were elsewhere. In the evening I talked with Abby.
1. On 3 December Andrew Stevenson of Virginia, with the support of Martin Van Buren, defeated John W. Taylor, of New York, in the contest for the speakership of the House of Representatives. “There is a decided majority of both Houses of Congress in opposition to the Administration,” JQA noted, “a State of things which has never before occurred under the Government of the United States” (JQA, Diary, 29 Nov. and 3 Dec. 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-10

Monday 10th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Went to George’s Office1 and had much conversation with him. If this change has no other good effect, it may save him, and this is worth the fall. Received a high souled letter from my Father which did me good. Read the last paragraph for George’s benefit.2 The remainder of the day, I was occupied in making up my case for Court which was held in the evening. I argued it to the best of my ability.3 After it, Richardson and I went and had a little Supper of Oysters. Weather still very bad.
1. GWA’s office was at 23 Court Street. See JA, Diary and Autobiography, 2:63–64.
2. JQA wrote that in the trials ahead he would “feel and fear little for himself so long as he can rely upon the good conduct of his children” (JQA to CFA, 2 Dec. 1827, Adams Papers).
3. CFA’s moot court case concerned the right of an enemy alien to sue in the courts of the United States. Holding that there was no such right, he was unable to convince any of the judges, and afterwards he discovered that Chancellor James Kent had “decided the question against me on my own law and authorities” (CFA to JQA, 25 Dec. 1827, Adams Papers; CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-11

Tuesday. 11th.

Wrote to my father this morning. Received after breakfast a most extraordinary letter from my Mother.1 What could possibly be the cause of such a singular break is beyond my comprehension. She informs me that it is doubtful whether John’s marriage ever takes place. All this is new and astonishing. She threatens to leave the house and much more which is a cause of incessant puzzle to me. Had much conversation with George upon the subject. He talks very rationally. At the Office but did not do much. My father seems to have a most singular concurrence of misfortunes to contend with at the present moment. In the afternoon I went to Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. in Chesnut Street to see Abby. She came in late. In the evening I went with her to the Wedding visit of Mrs. J. Quincy Jr. My spirits were not very high, and I saw much in Abby’s conduct this evening to displease me and to depress them still lower. Returned home very shortly.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-12

Wednesday 12th.

Morning call at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Saw Abby. Previously to this received a letter from my Mother in tolerable spirits. This is the unaccountable part of her character. Nothing is said in relation to the previous letter and one would not suppose that any thing could have happened so lately before to create such a disturbance. My own spirits however were materially improved by this change. After an hour with Abby, passed the remainder of the day at the Office. In the evening a walk with George, and drank a bottle of Champagne with Richardson who called at my room and passed a couple of hours in conversation with me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-13

Thursday. 13th.

Morning at the Office, reading Law. At twelve o’clock went with George to pay some visits which were due to different people. Got through a short time before dinner. Afternoon at the Office quite engaged. Evening at home, reading the Protagoras of Plato. George came in for an hour with a list of grievances, which I laughed at. Occupied in writing Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-14

Friday. 14th.

Morning at the Office, nothing remarkable occurred. Conversation with George. My mornings pass away most unaccountably. But little { 193 } actually done. The afternoons though short are those parts of the day which are most useful to me. In the evening I occupied myself in writing a letter and Records and in reading. After going to bed, was roused by the alarm of fire which so startled me that I started off and saw the whole of it. It was a house on Washington Street in the south part of the town. I did not get quietly asleep until two in the morning. The blaze of this fire produced a beautiful effect. The clouds happened to be low and rather of a thin kind. So that the flame tinged them all with a pale red. It was very light to go to the fire in consequence, but when the cause of the illumination was discontinued, nothing could be darker. The firemen displayed a good deal of intrepidity in saving a house which was so entirely on fire when I first saw it that it seemed impossible to me to prevent it’s complete combustion.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-15

Saturday 15th.

I finished the letter to my Mother commenced last evening.1 Then went to the Office but my time slipped away without my doing much. Weather very rainy. Received a note from Abby2 intimating that it would be more proper to stay in town this week, by which I understand that Mrs. Everett is in momentary expectation of being confined. As with such a catastrophe I should be as little desirous of being in the house as they would be to have me, I am content to remain in Boston for the first time since my residence here on Sunday. Busy in copying during the afternoon and in the evening quietly at my room, reading Plato and copying Executive Record. Received a letter from my Father.
1. Missing.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-16

Sunday. 16th.

Went to Meeting this morning at Dr. Channing’s with Miss Harriet Welsh and Mrs. Barrel. Heard him for the first time in my life. He is considered the first Clergyman here. I was pleased with him and on the whole felt satisfied with having heard him. His subject was Religion. Dined with George and the Welsh family. In the afternoon went to Brattle Street Church the first time for many years. Heard a Mr. Barrett there but did not admire him.1 Evening at Dr. Welsh’s excepting an hour at home upon Vivian Grey.
1. Samuel Barrett, minister of the Twelfth Congregational Church in Chambers Street, Boston (Mass. Register, 1827, p. 109).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-17

Monday. 17th.

Morning, a short time at the Office. Went then to see Abby at her { 194 } sister’s, and passed the afternoon with her. Mr. Thos. Welsh sent for me to intimate that I had talked George too low for that he had inoculated his friends with the same notion of despair in regard to political affairs. This gave occasion to an idea that I might write something which could bring up the spirits of the Party. But the vis is not in me and prudence also would forbid. But something of the kind is undoubtedly necessary. Abby wished me to remain with her so I broke my engagements at the Moot Court for the first time, and passed a much more agreeable evening with her.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-18

Tuesday 18th.

Wrote a letter to my father. Then went to see Abby and passed the morning with her. It commenced snowing last night and did not stop today. A. did not go out to Medford in consequence. My afternoon was wasted at the Office without my doing any thing whatever. The evening was spent at Mrs. Frothingham’s where I remained until after ten.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-19

Wednesday. 19th.

Found myself suffering this morning with a violent headache without being able to account for it. Went to Mrs. F.’s and passed a couple of hours with Abby. She went out of town. I forgot to mention yesterday that I had received a letter from my Mother with one inclosed to Abby in which she says there is no prospect of John’s present marriage. At the Office in the afternoon and at home reading in the evening. Little or nothing remarkable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-20

Thursday 20th.

Morning at the Office busily employed but not satisfactorily. The rumor is that Mr. Webster goes to England in which case I shall have to look for quarters elsewhere. This appointment will seal the destiny of this administration if it is not already fixed. Mr. W. may be very glad to escape from the country in the wreck of matter which will ensue.1 Afternoon busy at the Office copying Practice, and at home in the evening but not reading very usefully. Copied Executive Record.
1. The rumor that Webster would become minister to Great Britain was not entirely unfounded. During the winter of 1827–1828 Secretary of State Clay approached him on the subject and reported that “Webster somewhat earnestly desired it, being forty-six years of age, and, if to go abroad at all, wishing not to postpone it until altogether past the prime of life.” But John S. Barbour’s prior claims to the mission, plus the expense of serving as a diplomat abroad, caused Webster to defer his ambition. See JQA, Memoirs, 7:474; Fuess, Webster, 1:349–350.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-21

Friday. 21st.

Morning at the Office but not occupied very usefully. Called at Dr. Gorham’s and Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby but did not succeed. In the afternoon I saw her for an hour at Dr. Gorham’s. Then went and took a walk which I have established for myself as a practice as I find that this cold weather braces me severely. In the evening I called for Abby and took her and Julia Gorham to Mrs. J. Amory’s.1 As Abby was very lame I was anxious that she should not dance, and although it was rather a tedious thing to her to stand out, and I was apprehensive she would not bear it well, yet on the whole she went through it in a manner rather gratifying to me. At home early.
1. Presumably Mrs. Jonathan Amory, wife of the wealthy Boston merchant, who lived at 7 Park Street (Boston Freeholders, 1822, p. 12).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-22

Saturday. 22d.

Wrote to my Mother before breakfast.1 I then went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s, and spent the longer part of the morning with her. Returned to the Office and conversed with George. Dined at Dr. Gorham’s. I was compelled unwillingly to this, as Abby being there, I knew they did not want me, yet would think it extraordinary that after being invited I should decline. Mrs. Gorham is a woman very little to my taste. Her Sister, Harriet Warren, was there also.2 I am not partial to any of the Warrens. The name is synonimous with coldness of heart. I remained until five o’clock when my walk takes place. Went to George’s Office on my return and became engaged in a serious conversation with him. He is very much in danger of a relapse. And I talked with him in the most unequivocal manner. This year, as I have always said, is the crisis of his fate. The remainder of the evening at Dr. Gorham’s. Home at ten.
1. Letter missing.
2. Mrs. John Gorham, the former Mary Warren, and her sister Harriet were daughters of the famous Dr. John Warren (1753–1815), noted equally as a Revolutionary patriot and as a professor of surgery at Harvard (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-23

Sunday. 23d.

Very cold this morning. Did not go out as I was confident I should not be able to escape dining at Dr. Gorham’s. The family seemed so ill at ease yesterday by my being there I was determined I would not inflict a repetition of the same. Not very worthily occupied at home principally because I have no steady occupation. I went to George’s room at four and conversed with him; he was much better. Drank tea { 196 } there and then walked to Mrs. Frothingham’s. Found Abby and Julia Gorham there with some other company, parishioners of Mr. F. on their Sunday visit. Returned home early but the weather was severely cold. Sidney Brooks has arrived but I have not seen him.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-24

Monday. 24th.

Received a letter from my Father, which should have arrived on Saturday. Morning wasted. Called on Sidney Brooks, his father, with whom I had some conversation upon different subjects, and Abby. Mrs. Everett has been confined but the third daughter creates a disappointment which will not soon be altered. Abby went to Medford with her brother and I remained in town very low spirited. I made an experiment with milk today for breakfast but I was paid for it by one of the most severe head aches which I ever suffered from. This did not prevent my copying as usual in the afternoon. Took a walk to get rid of it but did not succeed. Attended the Moot Court and owing to the absence of the two other Justices, I was unexpectedly called upon to make Notes for a decision next week.1
1. The issue argued was whether the endorser of a note could bring evidence against its validity in an action to recover the amount from the maker of the note. CFA decided: “This witness is incompetent” (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-25

Tuesday. 25th.

Christmas day. But it was unattended by the accompaniments which I have usually known with it. My own time was quite busily passed in examining the law case argued last night, as I do not expect to be able to do much in the latter part of the week. John sent me a Note1 with some Documents and letters which I left last Summer in the City of Philadelphia. Among the rest was a letter from Abby which I received just previous to leaving Washington. In the afternoon engaged in copying from Judge Howe’s Lecture as usual. And then a walk. My spirits were very indifferent all day. Evening at my room reading the Communications of the different Presidents to Congress2 and copying Executive Record. Some caricatures were published in relation to Russel Jarvis who has lately made himself conspicuous here.3
1. Missing.
2. Addresses of the Successive Presidents of the United States to Both Houses of Congress, at the Opening of Each Session, with Their Answers, Washington, 1805.
3. Russell Jarvis, a scurrilous writer for Duff Green’s anti-administration Daily Telegraph (Bemis, JQA, 2:99).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-26

Wednesday. 26th.

Morning at the Office examining the law case. Looked over the Massachusetts Statutes in relation to deeds and devises, which constituted my morning’s work. In the afternoon went to Mr. Blake’s Office to see Sidney Brooks and was detained there all the afternoon listening to long stories. Took a walk, met Richardson who accompanied me to my room, found a note from Abby requesting me to go out to Medford,1 but it reached me too late for this evening. George came in and we drank a bottle of Champagne after which Richardson begged my company to eat a Venison Supper with which invitation I complied and did not return until midnight.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-27

Thursday 27th.

In consequence of the Note from Abby I started at ten o’clock for Medford. My ride was a severely cold one but I was well wrapped up. They seemed glad to see me there and I remained to dine. Mrs. E. is of course barely on the recovery. She sent down her child for me to see. The appearance of it struck me very much and set me in a fit of moralizing which I will not here repeat. Infancy is a disgusting part of life under any circumstances, and when one considers that this was a very fair healthy specimen, it would seem as if life itself was of little value which arises from such painful and long enduring support as the generality require. My own feelings upon this subject are peculiar.
Returned to town with Abby in a snow storm, stopped at Mr. Blake’s and George’s Offices. Conversation upon his affairs. Returned home and at seven o’clock went in a Carriage for Abby to go to Mrs. Dehon’s. This was the evening fixed for the marriage of Sidney and her daughter. Abby and I were attendants as the phrase is; the company consisted only of the Brooks family who were in Boston and a few of the relations of the Dehons. Dr. Gardiner1 went through the Ceremony very properly and the Couple behaved remarkably well. At nine we had a Supper which was handsome at which we sat an hour and passed it quite agreeably. I exerted myself very much although there is a most unaccountable weight upon my spirits all the time. Returned early wishing the bridal pair lots of contentment.
1. John S. J. Gardiner, the minister of Trinity Episcopal Church (Boston Directory, 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-28

Friday 28th.

The weather changed from snow to rain during the night and the { 198 } consequence was that the streets were scarcely passable this morning. Morning at the Office for a few minutes, received a long letter from my Mother explaining the mysterious letters and surprising me very much.1 Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby and remained there until dinner. Afternoon at the office. Conversation upon miscellaneous subjects until Late so that I did nothing all day. Evening with Abby passed in the luxury of love.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-29

Saturday 29th.

My habit of early rising has again failed. We are strange mortals when we do not possess resolution enough for a business so small. Went to the Office and answered my Mother’s letter from there.1 Mr. Blake then called for me and we paid a morning visit to the bride. She looked and behaved very well. Abby was there. Went to Mrs. Frothinghams, and passed the afternoon and evening with Abby. She was a little dull and unwell. We had much conversation upon all sorts of subjects until the hour of ten when I marched myself home.
1. CFA’s answer is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-30

Sunday. 30th.

Morning at home reading and more busily occupied than I have been for some time. Read one of Bossuet’s Sermons on the Nativity,1 but was not much pleased with it. In the afternoon called upon George, got entangled in a very silly argument which I escaped from to go to Mrs. Frothingham’s where I passed the afternoon and evening very agreeably.
1. CFA’s copy of Jacques Bénigne Bossuet’s Chef-d’oeuvre oratoire, Paris, 1813, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0003-0012-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1827-12-31

Monday 31st.

Morning at the Office for a few moments only, from there to Mr. Blake’s to arrange matters in relation to the Serenade this evening. Returned to the Office and wrote my opinion for the Moot Court which Davis is to deliver in my place to night.1 I then went to Mrs. Dehon’s and found the bride and bridemaids busy in making up papers of cake. Sidney Brooks came in and he, Abby and I went up to see the Statue of Washington after which we stopped in at Miss Gorham’s and I finally left her on Washington Street. Then went in search of a bouquet for her this evening, returned home, dined, stopped in at Blake’s about the band and then went to Mrs. Frothingham’s where I { 199 } drank tea and came to Mrs. Dehon’s with Abby on my way home to dress myself. Found myself in full dress for a groomsman’s situation. The company was not very large but most of the fashionable girls were present. Among others, Miss Marshall, whose appearance created quite a sensation considering the events which took place between her and Sidney only a year ago. Mrs. Brooks, the bride, looked exceedingly well and Abby appeared to great advantage. The visitors went off early and the bridal party then sat down to a very pretty little Supper which we were quite pleased with, and from which we did not retreat until the close of the day and of the old year. But it was not the close of my labour.
1. See entry for 24 Dec., and note, above. CFA’s substitute was probably Timothy K. Davis, who was later admitted to the Suffolk county bar (Mass. Register, 1832, p. 36).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-01

January. 1828. Tuesday. 1st.

I was still up when the new year commenced and had changed my dress and walked to the Exchange in order to meet the band which Blake and I had engaged for a serenade. We were employed about three hours travelling to different places. The music was fine, the evening was mild and I felt a great deal of enthusiasm. My thoughts naturally turned to the close of this year when our family would know decisively what was our future prospect. I felt very calm about it, as my mind is made up to meet the reverse of fortune, if it comes, and to look for advantages from it. My own prospects are still more intimately connected with the period. I trust them all in the hands of a divine providence. I got home at three and in the morning found myself less fatigued than I had expected.
Went to the Office, found a letter from my Father in a more serious tone than usual enclosing three instead of two hundred dollars.1 The present was exactly in time for my expenses have been enormous latterly. I then proceeded to settle my accounts for the quarter after which I bought a Souvenir and went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to present it to Abby. Thus went the morning. On my return to dinner I found a beautiful present from Mr. Everett of a pair of Essence Bottles, which was quite unexpected and agreeable. In the afternoon I went again to Mrs. F.’s where I staid until her father called for her to go to Medford. On my return, conversation with George at his Office. Evening at home writing an answer to my Father after which I passed an hour or more in copying Executive Records.
{ 200 }
1. Without mentioning CFA’s last letter upon the subject of his allowance (see entry for 20 Nov. 1827, and note, above), JQA wrote: “I send you a check . . . for three hundred dollars. The odd hundred is to meet the extraordinary expense which you say you have incurred in providing your necessary supplies for the winter, and in the hope of stimulating your industry upon the copying [of the Executive Record] you have in hand for me” (JQA to CFA, 24 Dec. 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-02

Wednesday. 2d.

Arose early this morning and copied the letter to my Father which I wrote last night. Went to the Office but did little or nothing. Called at George’s and at Blake’s and was busy in settling my Accounts for the Quarter. At half past one o’clock I called at Mr. Brook’s room and joined him on his return to Medford. We had a pleasant ride and much Conversation upon indifferent subjects. There was a family dinner given to Sidney on his departure. Edward, Chardon and Sidney with their wives, Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham, Mr. Blake, Miss Dehon and myself were the guests. Abby had a violent head ach and was sick with a cold, which prevented my enjoying the dinner so much. I felt flushed and feverish. After dinner, passed a short time with Abby and had a good deal of agreeable conversation with Mr. Brooks after the rest had all gone to Boston.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-03

Thursday. 3d.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks this morning and talked with him upon many subjects. At the Office. Commenced Blackstone again which I design for a slow and final Review. Afternoon occupied in copying, from the lecture of Judge Howe as usual. Evening quietly at home reading the Messages of the different Presidents at the opening of Congress, and copied a portion of Executive Records.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-04

Friday 4th.

Morning occupied in reading. At the office, Blackstone, but was very much annoyed by the pinching of a new pair of boots. George got some letters from Washington with but little in them. Afternoon at the Office copying a Lecture as usual. Evening at home, commenced Middleton’s Life of Cicero which I have obtained at last1 and copied a portion of Executive Record.
1. CFA’s copy of Conyers Middleton’s The Life of Marcus Tullius Cicero, 2 vols., London, 1824, is in the Stone Library. Among JA’s books in the Boston Public Library are two of the three volumes of Middleton’s Cicero, London, 1755 (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 167).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-05

Saturday. 5th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother this morning. Then at the Office reading Blackstone until dinner, or at least half an hour before when I started with Mr. Brooks for Medford. The weather was milder and more pleasant to the feeling than any I have ever before experienced at this season of the year in this climate. Dined and after dinner passed in conversation with Abby. Saw Mrs. Everett and talked a good deal with her. She is rapidly recovering from her confinement. Evening passed as quietly as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-06

Sunday. 6th.

Morning went to Meeting and heard Mr. Stetson deliver a Sermon of but little interest. Little or nothing else of moment occurred during the day. I remained at home in the afternoon and read the Article on Judge Marshall in the last Number of the North American Review.1 It is interesting. Evening conversation with Abby.
1. Joseph Story’s review of John Marshall’s A History of the Colonies Planted by the English on the Continent of North America . . . , which appeared in the North American Review, 58:1–40 (Jan. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-07

Monday 7th.

Rode into Boston with Mr. Brooks. The mild weather has so opened the roads that the travelling is shocking upon them and I was a little disposed to regret that Mr. B. had come as I feared he had done so in regard to my accommodation. Conversation with him upon miscellaneous subjects. A letter from my Father together with a Sonnet by him to the Cock. I cannot but say that I think his Letters are degenerating into Sermons and that he is as usual missing my character.1 Read Blackstone and Copied from Howe’s Lecture as usual and read a smart debate reported in the Intelligencer in relation to a resolution moved by the Manufacturing Committee (so called). Evening at the Moot Court and heard an argument. Afterwards Supper at the Exchange with Richardson and Conversation.
1. Continuing to argue that CFA should get up at five or six o’clock in the morning, JQA enclosed an original “Sonnet to Chanticleer,” that symbol of early rising, which was proudly displayed on his seal (JQA to CFA, 31 Dec. 1827, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-08

Tuesday. 8th.

Arose this morning amid the roar of Cannon celebrating the day which now gives so much assistance to the factions.1 Wrote a letter to my Father as usual. After breakfast went to the Office and found { 202 } the report of the death of Mr. Boylston was true. Poor man, he has lingered long and painfully. Received a short letter from my Mother. Read Blackstone. In the afternoon occupied in Copying. Evening quietly at home reading Middleton’s Cicero and copying Executive Record.
1. The anniversary of Andrew Jackson’s victory at New Orleans.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-09

Wednesday. 9th.

Morning reading President’s Messages until breakfast. From that time until Dinner it was all idling. I took an early dinner at Dr. Welsh’s with George in order to go out to the funeral of Mr. Boylston. We went in a Carriage with Drs. Shattuck1 and Welsh, but did not arrive there until the last Ceremony was commencing. Mr. B. had no relations beyond his immediate descendants, and we therefore ranked in the second row of mourners. Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Adams were there and in the same Carriage with us as we accompanied him to the grave. The funeral had but little solemnity in it. I regretted his loss as he was a kind and hospitable man and his house is one of the few places which I can remember with complete satisfaction as never having done otherwise than enjoy myself in it. His character was a mixed one and I did not know enough of it’s real qualities, good or bad, to form any opinion, nor did I have the heart to desire. With his death, his family will sink however. His wife seemed but little affected and the burden of his latter days must have been such as to make his death rather a relief. Returned early, drank tea at Dr. Welsh’s and passed the evening at my own room reading and copying Record.
1. George Cheyne Shattuck (1783–1854), the leading physician in Boston (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-10

Thursday. 10th.

Read two or three Messages before breakfast. Morning at the office reading Blackstone. Richardson called in. As Abby was to come into town tomorrow and I had a cold I determined to remain in Boston. Richardson and I dined upon venison at the Boston Coffee House. He passed the afternoon at the Office with me and the evening at my room where I invited Davis to come also. I gave them a bottle of Champagne and we had a pleasant time.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-11

Friday 11th.

Looked over two or three Messages before breakfast. Then went to the Office. Understanding Abby to be in town I went to Mrs. { 203 } Frothingham’s but did not see her in the morning. I have been suffering from a bad cold all the week and my spirits are again breaking by the force of it. Read Blackstone. Afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby, found her much as usual, drank tea there and shortly after returned home to dress for Mrs. T. B. Curtis’s party.1 Called for Abby and had a very stupid evening. It was a tea party which is another name for something very odious. Found myself tired and very much out of spirits on my return home at eleven.
1. The wife of a wealthy merchant, Mrs. Thomas B. Curtis lived on Sumner Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-12

Saturday 12th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother this morning.1 After breakfast went to the Office and found one from her with but little of any thing in it. Went from there to see Abby and passed a large part of the morning with her. The day was so bad I concluded not to go out of town. But my spirits again fell in my desperate way. At such times my prayers are sincere but it is almost too great a trial to be often subject to them. Trusting in a divine Providence I should exist in hope, but sometimes despair will get the advantage. Afternoon occupied in copying the Lecture of Judge Howe, and in the evening instead of going to the Concert, I occupied myself at home. But employment would scarcely support me.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-13

Sunday. 13th.

Morning occupied in finishing the volume of Messages of the different Presidents, and reading some other Papers in regard to the Congressional History of the Country. At eleven as the weather promised tolerably I started to go to Medford. The roads were in as bad condition as I ever knew them, occasioned by the late rains. Found Abby quite sick so that she did not come down to dinner but she had somewhat recovered in the afternoon and came down. In sickness there is always more scope for affection and I have seldom known an evening to pass with purer, kinder and more enthusiastic feelings on my part.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-14

Monday. 14th.

Abby was better this morning and I returned to town over the same wild track shortly after breakfast. Morning occupied in reading Blackstone. Afternoon in copying as usual. Went to the Theatre in { 204 } Federal Street in the evening and saw the Tragedy of Venice preserved. The House was very thin and hardly encouraging to the Actors. Mrs. Sloman performed Belvidera; her acting is decidedly good, although not so supremely powerful as one would suppose a first rate to be.1 She was entirely unsupported by the other characters. This play is capable of great dramatic effect although somewhat defective in it’s plot. And it undoubtedly is calculated strongly to excite the feelings. The little Opera Farce of Brother and Sister closed the Performance.2 Keene sung much in his usual style. I was shocked by the small number in the House.
1. Mrs. John Sloman, the English actress, was starring in Thomas Otway’s tragedy (Brown, History of the American Stage, p. 337).
2. This “comic operatic drama” was written by William Dimond.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-15

Tuesday. 15th.

Wrote a letter to my Father before breakfast and copied it afterwards. Received one from him also which should have come yesterday. A very pleasant one. Morning occupied reading Blackstone. Afternoon in Copying, then a walk and Evening in reading Middleton and copying Executive Record, thus going through quite a studious day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-16

Wednesday. 16th.

Arose early and read this morning some public Documents in relation to the question of Internal Improvements. Went to the Office and read Blackstone. In the afternoon I copied as usual and begin at length to see the end to this business. The weather has again changed and the ground covered with snow. Went to the Theatre this evening and saw Mrs. Sloman in the part of Jane Shore.1 I was tempted as the Play was one I had never seen and she is a good performer. I say good for I was not entirely pleased with her performance. She overlooked some passages of considerable bearing and she was not up to the most sublime but her conception was, notwithstanding, generally correct, her enunciation forcible. She is capable as far as she goes, and although she does not rival the lofty passion for which Mrs. Siddons2 has rendered herself so famous, yet it is a gratification to find in her many excellent qualities amidst the shocking barrenness of the rest of our Actors. A little interlude called Love in humble life,3 and Patrick, the Poor Soldier, closed the Scene. I have seen it often and Keene himself in the part.
1. Nicholas Rowe’s Tragedy written in Imitation of Shakespear’s Style.
2. Mrs. Sarah Kemble Siddons (1755–1831), the famous English actress.
3. A play by John Howard Payne.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-17

Thursday. 17th.

Morning reading Cicero before and Blackstone after breakfast. Received a letter from my Mother in very good spirits and felt so myself. Afternoon at Mr. Frothingham’s to see Abby and drank tea there. Evening, dressed and called for Abby and Julia Gorham to go to Mr. Homer’s1 ball. He is not tip top but there were many fashionable people there. I met Allyne Otis who is here on a short visit to his father. He looks much the same as usual. I enjoyed myself quite tolerably. There was a formal Supper. The house is magnificent, and although there was not sufficient light to give the proper excitement, it was twelve before I got to bed.
1. Possibly Fitzhenry Homer, a Boston merchant, who lived at 52 Chesnut Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-18

Friday. 18th.

Morning passed principally at Mrs. Frothinghams with Abby. Nothing particular occurring. Afternoon at the Office. Richardson called and instead of writing as usual I conversed with him and Davis. Evening passed with Abby. My feelings in relation to her are at present very singular. They have been coming to the present point for months past. Their actual condition I do not disclose to myself as I feel disposed to defer disagreeable ideas. My love for her is now such that life without her would hardly be worth a moments thought, and I am still doubtful whether with her I am doing her the Justice which is due. My prayers are constantly offered up on this subject. May they avail me. The Rubicon has been long passed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-19

Saturday. 19th.

Wrote this morning to my Mother.1 Afterwards called to see Abby and wasted the morning at the office. After dinner went to Medford in Mr. Brooks’ Carriage with him and Mrs. B., with Abby of course. Conversed as usual with Abby all the evening.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-20

Sunday 20th.

Attended Meeting this morning. Heard a Mr. Farley, a disciple of Cambridge, and better than usual.1 Little else during the day, read the North American and allowed myself to get foolishly dull which affected Abby. This will not do. Mr. Angier,2 Dr. Swann,3 Miss Mary Hall and her brothers, all of Medford, passed the evening here.
{ 206 }
1. Presumably Frederick Augustus Farley, Harvard 1818, who graduated from the Divinity School in 1828.
2. Presumably John Angier, who later married Abigail Smith Adams, daughter of TBA. See Adams Genealogy.
3. Daniel Swan, Harvard 1803, who was invited by Medford citizens to become their town doctor in 1816 (Brooks, Medford, p. 307).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-21

Monday 21st.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. The weather began to grow cold. Arrived early and found a letter from my father which was very pleasant. Passed the morning without doing much. Looked over a Chapter of Blackstone and examined the American Law in relation to native allegiance, but did not find any thing satisfactory. Copied Judge Howe’s Lecture, who by the way died to day in this City. The weather turned cold but I, in pursuance of an agreement made with Richardson, commenced a practice of evening walking. This was a pretty severe trial for a beginning. The night was colder than any we have yet had. Attended the Moot Court and heard a pleasant debate between Emerson and Dorr for there was not much legal acquirement in it.1 After this I went home and read Middleton and was otherwise busy until quite late. The cold was so severe as to affect me even in bed.
1. The debate concerned whether “during Coverture a husband receiving property by his wife shall be liable to pay for the support of her parents who have become paupers since her marriage” (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel 311). Edward Bliss Emerson was one of the attorneys; his opponent was either Ebenezer Ritchie Dorr or William B. Dorr (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 41).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-22

Tuesday. 22d.

The coldest morning we have yet had this winter. Wrote a letter to my Father but it took me four hours to do it and copy it. Which shows my want of resolution and my perseverance in the same deed. Office later read Blackstone. Afternoon copying Judge Howe’s Lecture. Took a walk as usual with Richardson. Had half determined to go to the Play but determined differently on looking at the Box book. At home read Middleton and Plutarch. It was too cold to copy Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-23

Wednesday. 23d.

The weather was so cold I did not get up as early as usual, so that I had only time for a short reading of a Dissertation upon Plato. I am now seriously occupied in Study with plenty of subject before me. Morning at the Office reading Blackstone. Examined a number of { 207 } points of law. In the afternoon Richardson called in for a few moments. Desultory conversation. Copied as usual. Evening at home reading Middleton and Plutarch.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-24

Thursday 24th.

The weather still continues excessively cold. Morning at the Office reading Blackstone. Called upon Allyne Otis with Mr. T. Davis. Found him at home and saw all the family. There is something about them which I like very much, and yet what it is, is hardly possible to tell. Mrs. Otis scolded well for my not having been before. Returning from there I called upon George who is sick, confined to his room with a swelled face. I knew too well by the experience of last Spring what it was not to pity him. After dinner went to Mrs. Frothingham’s where I passed the afternoon and evening to see Abby. Conversed a good deal with her upon interesting but rather painful subjects. Returned home at ten.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-25

Friday. 25th.

Morning occupied in reading before breakfast, and afterwards at the Office. Afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. Conversed with her upon many subjects. Mr. Webster arrived this evening with the body of his wife who died in New York on Tuesday last. I pity his situation much. Returned home and dressed to go to a party at Mrs. Francis’s House.1 Called for Abby. The ball was very handsome indeed but I got a good deal out of humour in the latter part of it. Abby’s indiscretions are provoking and yet I can see nothing to take up particularly as objectionable. After returning home in deep thought I did not retire until after twelve. It is a little strange that it is always so at parties. Perhaps I am foolish but I think it lucky for her that the young men here are not impudent or else she would feel much mortification, and I much trouble. For she undoubtedly lays herself open to this.
1. Mrs. Ebenezer Francis, whose husband was a retired East India merchant and one of the wealthiest men in Boston, lived on Somerset Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-26

Saturday. 26th.

Wrote to my Mother before breakfast.1 Called on George who is on the recovery. From there went to Mrs. Frothingham’s and spent an hour with Abby. Mrs. Webster was buried today. I went out of town with Abby and her father in his Carriage, to dinner. Found { 208 } Mrs. B. and Mrs. Everett much as usual. Spent most of the time with Abby. I wish I could find something more definite to blame in her, but as bad motives are never visible in her actions, I cannot help loving her the more for her little follies.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-27

Sunday. 27th.

Yesterday, which was a true Washington day in the softness of the air, gave place to a cold snow storm today which in the evening changed to hail and rain. I attended Meeting in the morning and heard Mr. Stetson, but was thinking of things far different. Little occurred of moment, but I can set this down as one of the most blissful days that in my life I have ever spent, and thankful am I to a gracious God for such.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-28

Monday. 28th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. The morning was quite pleasant. Morning at the Office. Called at George’s Office and had some Conversation with him. He is again relapsing into his foolish notions. How difficult it is to assume new character. Read Blackstone and finished the first Volume. Copied in the afternoon from Judge Howe’s Lecture, which I hope in one more tack to finish. Took a walk with Richardson and attended Moot Court to hear a spirited debate between Chapman and Parker of which I took full Notes.1 Remainder of the evening at home.
1. CFA’s notes on the complicated case, which involved disputed title to a quantity of hides which a sheriff had attached, are in his Law Miscellanies (M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311). The attorneys were Jonathan Chapman and Aurelius D. Parker.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-29

Tuesday 29th.

Wrote a letter to my Father which detained me longer than usual as I did not rise quite so early. Upon going down to the Office I found a Note from Abby1 requesting me to go out to Medford. I accordingly went with Mr. Brooks. There was a large party of the family. Mr. and Mrs. Chardon and Mrs. Edward Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and the usual family. Mary B. Hall came in afterwards and in the evening some of the Medford people came in. The party to me was of course dull and a sacrifice of my own feelings, but I have learnt some salutary lessons in life since my engagement, one of which is that a man cannot in this existence live entirely for him• { 209 } self. He must endure much. I exerted myself considerably but still feel the difference which exists between this place and the home of my own family. Talked a little with Abby.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-30

Wednesday. 30th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Suffered a little from head ache but read Blackstone during the morning. As I was returning to dinner Genl. Sumner called and asked me to dine with him which I was obliged to consent to, although it deranged me very much. I almost finished Judge Howe’s Lecture notwithstanding. As I was waiting for George we were as usual in such cases late. No body at table but Col. Cutler of the Army1 and Genl. Sumner, his wife and sister. We had a tolerably agreeable day although I was not sorry to return home. Found Richardson had called and devoted the evening to reading.
1. Lt. Col. Enos Cutler, of the Third Infantry Regiment (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0001-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-01-31

Thursday. 31st.

Reading Middleton before breakfast. At the Office reading Blackstone. Received a letter from my Mother in tolerable spirits, relating much of the amusing conversation of the day. Also documents from John.1 Finished the long laboured Lecture of Judge Howe. Afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. Returned to dress and went with her to Mrs. Derby’s route. She is the most prodigious attempt at ton we have and her parties contain none but exclusives. They are consequently very dull. I was glad to get home. Her house is handsomely furnished but without use.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-01

Friday February 1st.

Reading Middleton before breakfast. At the Office reading Blackstone. Conversation with George. Mr. Webster came to the Office. He looks very badly as I think. In the afternoon went to Mrs. Frothingham’s and passed the afternoon with Abby. Returned to dress and went with Abby to a party at Mrs. Salisbury’s.1 I don’t know the people and only received an Invitation upon Abby’s account. The ball was as pleasant as usual, more of a crowd and many youngsters, and I was as usual glad to get home.
1. Mrs. Samuel Salisbury, whose husband was a Boston merchant, lived at 29 Sumner Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-02

Saturday. 2d.

Wrote to my Mother in the morning before breakfast,1 from thence went to the Office and then to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby, with whom I spent the morning in a very enthusiastic fit. Passed the afternoon very indolently. In the evening I finished Middleton and recommenced writing Executive Record.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-03

Sunday 3d.

Morning occupied in reading Plato. Surprised by the appearance of Henry Brooks whom I drove to Medford at eleven o’clock. The day was foggy and unpleasant. Passed the time as usual excepting that I may say with pleasure and gratitude that I was extremely happy. I have always thought myself in a happy condition and in dread of futurity. This increases as I grow older and the effect of it damps my present enjoyment.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-04

Monday. 4th.

Returned to Boston. Found a letter from my father, which was short but pleasant. Morning occupied in reading Blackstone, as usual. Afternoon, commenced Hutchinson’s History of Massachusetts.1 Took a walk. The evening was delightfully mild and clear. Went to the Moot Court but heard no arguments, so that after a short conversation with some of the young men, I returned home, where I commenced Cicero de Officiis, after which I wrote Executive Record. On the whole a busy day.
1. There is a copy of Thomas Hutchinson’s The History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 3 vols., London, 1765–1828, in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-05

Tuesday. 5th.

Morning occupied in writing to my Father. A short letter. Then to the Office where I studied a Chapter of Blackstone. In the afternoon engaged in copying Cases in the Moot Court. I want to obtain the authorities. Richardson came in and after sitting a little while we went out and took a walk. The evening was delicious. The weather extraordinary. He afterwards passed the evening with me at my room and we drank some Champagne. George dropped in for a few moments. Richardson is full of his contemplated trip to New Orleans. To bed early.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-06

Wednesday. 6th.

My spirits were slightly improved. Read before breakfast, and afterwards went to the Office. Received a Note from Abby1 with a beautiful present of an Emerald for a breast pin, and a hint that I was expected. I did very little accordingly and rode out of town at one o’clock. My day passed in uncommon happiness. Such feelings as mine diminish on paper. I could never express them as they ought to be. Affection is the feeling of a man’s breast which he cannot easily show. In words it sounds puerile, in deeds, it is but seldom in life that it can be exhibited. But such days as this are worth ages of dull life and the only difficulty with them is, they make me relish dull life the less.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-07

Thursday. 7th.

Returned to town this morning. The roads were in as bad a condition as I ever found them, and the weather warm as summer. At the Office. Read a Chapter of Blackstone. Afternoon engaged in copying Law Authorities which have been cited heretofore at the Moot Court. Took a walk with Richardson and passed the evening at my room reading Cicero, and copying Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-08

Friday 8th.

Morning occupied in reading as usual. After breakfast, Blackstone at the Office. Received a letter from my Mother announcing John’s intention to be married on the 25th of this month. I was rather surprised at the manner in which it was noticed.1 Afternoon writing and reading Hutchinson. After which a walk with Richardson. He passed the evening with me <and drank a bottle of Champagne>. George called in for a few minutes. After which we took an Oyster Supper.
1. At the end of her letter detailing general Washington news, LCA added: “Your brother informed me this morning that his marriage was to take place on the 25 of the Month. I have declined having anything to do with it, therefore can give you no further information” (LCA to CFA, 1 Feb. 1828, Adams Papers). LCA, however, attended the wedding; see an account of the ceremony and guests in JQA, Diary, 25 Feb. 1828.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-09

Saturday 9th.

Wrote to my Mother before breakfast. At the Office, Blackstone. Received a long letter from my Mother and one from John.1 The latter, an Invitation to his Wedding on the 25th. I do not know what to say about it, and I reflected so much upon that subject as { 212 } to make study quite useless. After dinner, as I felt incapable of doing any thing, I went to Medford, and spent the remainder of the time in conversation with Abby. I consulted her upon the subject of this visit. But she felt in a manner bound by her peculiar situation. It has its advantages and its disadvantages, and I am more fairly puzzled than I ever was before in all my life.
1. The letter from JA2 is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-10

Sunday. 10th.

At home all day. Little or nothing remarkable occurred. I talked with Abby. Mrs. Everett seemed desirous to have me express an opinion in favour of her going on, which I declined doing, and thereby hurt her feelings a little I fear. John’s letter is urgent to me, and there are many reasons why I should go in the family arrangement. But I propose to wait until I see what my father may say in his next letter.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-11

Monday 11th.

Returned to town. The weather which hitherto has been warm has now suddenly changed to cold. No letter from my Father. Read Blackstone. Afternoon, Hutchinson. E. G. Prescott informed me that there was a report in town that Ward Brooks was lying very ill at Baltimore. In consequence of it I thought it my duty to call at Mrs. Frothingham’s. They had heard of it. This may have a material bearing upon my own plans. Walked with Richardson and on our return attended the Moot Court. Davis delivered a very able argument. Took an Oyster Supper afterwards.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-12

Tuesday 12th.

As I intended to wait until I saw whether the mail brought me a letter from my Father, I did not write to him before breakfast but read as usual. A letter came but not a word concerning the Wedding, which put me in greater perplexity than ever. I was called down to see Mrs. Brooks off as she has determined to go and take care of Ward, her son. I should not be surprised if this was to have a worse effect upon her than it is worthwhile to risk. But no one can resist her decision. I am afraid of the consequences to that family very much. Her eldest Son, Edward, went with her, and all the family collected to see her off. Abby returned to Medford with her Father and Henry. I could not go. Afternoon, Hutchinson. Walk with { 213 } Richardson. He came to my room and drank Champagne after which he invited me to take Supper which I accepted and did not return home until twelve o’clock. The last evening of our acquaintance on these terms as we are soon to part, which I regret considerably.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-13

Wednesday 13th.

Morning occupied in reading as usual. After breakfast went to the Office and pursued the study of Blackstone. Nothing further from Washington. At noon I went to Medford with Mr. Brooks. He had no later information concerning his Son. I was somewhat struck with the difference in the family occasioned by the absence of Mrs. B. It seems to have lost all it’s tone. Abby was in low spirits and I concluded in consequence to give up the journey to Washington. This is undoubtedly a sacrifice, as I had anticipated much useful and amusing matter from my contemplated [word omitted], useful, to allay feelings evidently existing, amusing, in affording me a little variety, and the pleasure of home which I feel the want of so much here. But Abby would feel it unkind in me to leave her at this particular junction and I cannot go with such an idea either on her or on my own mind.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-14

Thursday. 14th.

Returned to town this morning with Mr. Brooks. Found nothing from Washington relating to this marriage and therefore sat down and wrote a letter to John1 declining his invitation and giving my reasons. I am afraid that it will be subject to misconstruction and productive of future coldness but it was impossible for me to avoid it. Read Blackstone and Hutchinson during the day and in the evening Cicero and Executive Record. Thus returning to my old habits after a recess occasioned by the expectation of absence and the separation of Richardson.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-15

Friday. 15th.

Reading before breakfast. Went to the Office and read a little of Blackstone. News arrived of the death of Governor Clinton of New York. It will make some stir among the Politicians of the day and is in itself not an uninstructive lesson as to the vanity of human ambition. I regard it as the establishment of Mr. Clay in this part of the Country. Copied an answer to a bill in Equity for Mr. Kinsman { 214 } and read Hutchinson. Evening quiet at home reading Cicero and writing Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-16

Saturday 16th.

Wrote to my Mother but did not finish my letter before breakfast. The weather was unpleasant and it snowed. Went to the Office where I received a letter from my Mother without any expression of a wish that I should go on although the invitation is mentioned, which confirms me in the correctness of my decision. Finished my letter and sent it.1 Went over to inquire respecting Ward Brooks and found that Mr. Brooks was preparing to go on with Mrs. Frothingham in consequence of receiving information of a character still more unfavourable. It makes the family a little melancholy. I went to Mrs. Frothingham’s and found her about to start. Mrs. Everett was in town and asked me to ride out in the Carriage with her, and Henry and also Julia Gorham who is going out to accompany Abby during the absence of her parents. The afternoon was passed in reading and in conversation, and in the evening had some conversation with Abby.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-17

Sunday. 17th.

Beautiful morning. Went to Meeting and heard a Mr. Farmer whom I remember as a Divinity Student at Cambridge.1 Tolerable. The day passed without any material occurrence excepting that one could not help being struck with the difference in the family by the absence of the elder portions of it. Mrs. Brooks constitutes one great charm of it. Had a good deal of conversation with Abby and saw her in a new light, although I was not unaware of it’s existence.
1. William Farmer, Harvard 1819, who had graduated from the Divinity School in 1823.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-18

Monday. 18th.

Returned to Boston with Henry Brooks. Received a letter from my father without any news in it. Read Blackstone. Afternoon writing and reading Hutchinson. Conversation with Mr. Davis. Went to the Moot Court and heard a good opinion from Chapman as well as a good argument although a short one.1 At home remainder of the evening.
1. Jonathan Chapman’s opinion was given on the case argued the previous Monday, concerning the eligibility of witnesses. The new case involved the recovery of bank stock (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-19

Tuesday. 19th.

Wrote a letter to my father. Beautiful Morning. Blackstone at the Office. Did not see any of the Brooks family today. Afternoon, Hutchinson. Conversation with Mr. Hobart on politics, there being some resolutions before the Legislature of the State. Evening at home reading Cicero and the Preliminary Treatise of the Library of Useful Knowledge, an excellent work carried on by a society of gentlemen in London.1
1. Presumably the eight-page prospectus of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, published in London in 1825 (BM, Catalogue).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-20

Wednesday. 20th.

Morning occupied in reading. The weather is extraordinary for this season and quite reconciles me to remaining here. Ward Brooks is better by the last accounts, although if he is in a Consumption I do not see how he is to get out of it, at least by remaining there. Office, reading Blackstone. Afternoon, Hutchinson. Conversation with George. Evening at home reading Cicero and Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-21

Thursday 21st.

Morning occupied in reading the philosophy of the ancients.1 After breakfast, at the Office reading Blackstone until one o’clock when I started to go to Medford. It rained pretty fast during my ride but I found my road much better than I had expected. The family small as it has become, were very well and they had encouraging news from Baltimore. Julia Gorham is still remaining there. Time passed much as usual, and I felt as happy as a man in love does. There is a good deal of pleasure in sentiment, but when reduced to paper by description, it is so little capable of it as to excite ridicule and contempt. In passing therefore some of my happiest moments, I am content to leave them only in the memory.
1. A set of André Dacier’s Bibliothèque des anciens philosophes, 5 vols., Paris, 1771, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-22

Friday. 22d.

Returned to town. The weather astonishingly mild for the season. Read Blackstone and Hutchinson at the Office during the day. Nothing occurred worth noticing. This is the anniversary of Washington’s birth day and puts me in mind of a happier one a year ago although this was not without it’s pleasure. It is now a year since I entered into my present engagement. That it has so far been productive of nothing { 216 } but good to me, I am sure, and so far as I am able to make it, it shall not cease to be so, the result is in the hands of a higher power. Evening finished the first book of Cicero de Officiis and wrote Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-23

Saturday. 23d.

Morning occupied in reading a number of the publication called the Library of useful knowledge1 instead of writing to my Mother, which I deferred until after breakfast as I expected letters. None came however and I wrote a short one.2 Afternoon, reading Hutchinson. Called at Mr. Frothingham’s to see Abby, but she did not come in. Evening passed with George at Dr. Welsh’s.
1. The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (London) began publication of the Library of Useful Knowledge in 1827.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-24

Sunday 24th.

Morning occupied in reading. Went to Medford early, found Mrs. Everett alone, the two young ladies having gone to Meeting. Conversation with her. John and Mary C. Hellen. She told me they were to be married on Tuesday1 in Church. Something quite strange. Went to Meeting in the afternoon. Mr. Stetson preached a pretty good Sermon. Henry Brooks returned as it was impossible for him to sail today. Violent snow storm. Agreeable evening.
1. A mistake for Monday.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-25

Monday 25th.

Snow had fallen to a greater depth than at any time this winter. Heavy return to town in a Chaise. Letters from both my Parents, one from my father enclosing a letter of introduction to Mr. Middleton for Henry Brooks.1 I imagine it was barely in time as the wind had changed. One from my Mother in tolerable spirits. Morning, Blackstone. Afternoon, Hutchinson. Walk and Moot Court, short argument. Return home, and drank a glass of Champagne with General Boyd2 to John’s success.
1. The letter from JQA to Henry Middleton (1770–1846), the United States minister to Russia, is missing.
2. John Parker Boyd had served as brigadier general in the War of 1812 (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-26

Tuesday. 26th.

Wrote a letter to my father according to custom. Went to the Office { 217 } and found a message from Abby who was at Mr. Frothingham’s. I went immediately and spent the morning with her. She was very dull. The news from Ward is very unfavourable, and they are solitary at Medford. She left town at one. Afternoon, Hutchinson. Evening, walk, and Cicero, Executive Record. Had a slight cold.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-27

Wednesday. 27th.

Read the Grecian philosophy as usual this morning, after which I went to the Office. The rain was pouring in torrents all day and rapidly carrying off the snow. Read Blackstone. Notwithstanding the rain I went to Medford in as much as they wanted letters and I was the only one able to convey them. The news from Baltimore is most discouraging. Mrs. Everett’s second child is quite unwell also.1 Miss Bartlett is staying with them. Abby was a little dull. This is the first time in her life that she has had any care, and it is not surprising. But I see many things in her which make me love her the more.
1. Charlotte Brooks Everett (1825–1879). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-28

Thursday. 28th.

Returned to town. Called upon Miss Gorham to tell her how I had by accident lost her Note. Read Blackstone at the Office. Nothing material occurred. Hutchinson in the afternoon, a walk and my usual avocations in the evening. A very quiet day. George received letters from Washington1 which betoken a better state of things.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0002-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-02-29

Friday 29th.

Morning occupied in reading as usual. Office, Blackstone. Received a letter from my Mother giving an account of the family affairs.1 They seem a little better. P. C. Brooks Jr. came in and asked me if I would go to Medford which I readily consented to do. We went out and dined so as to return before evening. Found them pretty well. On my return had a warm conversation with George which was painful but I hope will turn out for the better. Evening occupied as usual.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-01

Saturday March 1st.

Morning, writing to my Mother,1 and at the Office reading Blackstone. After dinner I went out to Medford. No news from Washington { 218 } or Baltimore. Found all the individuals as usual, and passed the evening quietly with them. Had some conversation with Abby until late.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-02

Sunday 2d.

Went to Meeting in the morning with Abby and Miss Bartlett. Heard Mr. Stetson as usual. In the afternoon a snow storm which afterwards changed to rain. I occupied myself by reading Cooper’s late Novel, the Red Rover, which possesses much interest—with the usual faults of the author.1 Mrs. Everett’s children are unwell and the family looks solitary. I felt in but middling spirits.
1. James Fenimore Cooper, The Red Rover, 2 vols., Phila., 1827–1828.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-03

Monday 3rd.

Returned to town this morning. Received letters from home of a very pleasing description, giving an account of the Wedding and forwarding a piece of cake. My father in his, makes a very kind allusion to my own affairs.1 There was a letter for Abby2 which I inclosed to her but could not send. The day passed much as usual. In the evening attended the Moot Court and heard a case argued, after which returned home and was occupied reading.
1. Announcing the wedding of JA2 and Mary C. Hellen, JQA wrote CFA: “Wish them with me all possible happiness in this connection, and in due time be assured of prayers equally fervent for the prosperity of your own, in prospect, from your affectionate father” (JQA to CFA, 25 Feb. 1828, Adams Papers).
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-04

Tuesday 4th.

Wrote to my father this morning, then went to the Office. Read Blackstone until my eyes ached. Afternoon, Hutchinson. George came in and there was an argument held in the Office for an hour which was not very interesting to me. After which I went by invitation to take tea at Dr. Welsh’s where Louisa Smith was whom I had not seen for a long time. At home late.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-05

Wednesday 5th.

Morning occupied in reading the Greek philosophy. Then went to the Office and read Blackstone. Went to Medford to dinner. Nothing very remarkable happened. Miss Bartlett still here. Took a walk with her and Abby in the afternoon. Conversation in the evening. Read the account of the wedding and was much amused. They seem to have got through it very well.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-06

Thursday 6th.

Returned to town but not to remain long. P. C. Brooks Jr. came into the Office and informed me that he had a letter from his father, telling him to prepare himself to come on and with an intimation that Abby would also be wanted. I thought that it would be as well to inform her of it and so went out again to Medford, just in time to dine. I have a disposition to leave here myself and pay a visit to our family if Abby should leave me and take away my only object for remaining. Had some conversation with her upon the subject.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-07

Friday. 7th.

Returned to town this morning. At the Office. Conversation with George and reflection upon going to Washington. Made up my mind to go with Abby and her brother on Monday, in case they went. Afternoon occupied in copying a writ for Mr. Kinsman. Evening at Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. to see Abby. Mr. Brooks did not arrive until late and I went down to Mr. Frothingham’s to see about their arrangements. Mrs. Frothingham did not return with him and this will probably alter the plan as it regards Abby. But at present nothing is settled. Took supper at Mr. P.C.B. Jr. and returned at eleven.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-08

Saturday 8th.

Wrote to my Mother.1 At the Office and then to Mrs. P. C. Brooks’ to see Abby. Settled that she is not to go on to Baltimore which will relieve me from the necessity of going myself. At one o’clock drove Abby to Medford. Weather chilly and unpleasant. Mr. Brooks seemed a little disposed to be dull about his son and well it might be. He talked much of his journey and showed that he had not gone on without gathering information. Sterne, I think, notices the difference in travellers in this respect and I was forcibly reminded of his words.2 Evening conversation with Abby.
1. Letter missing.
2. Perhaps CFA refers to Laurence Sterne’s remark in A Sentimental Journey: “I pity the man who can travel from Dan to Beersheba, and cry, ’tis all barren.”

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-09

Sunday 9th.

Morning occupied in reading one of Miss Edgeworth’s Tales, Patronage.1 She displays great knowledge of human nature in her work but is a little prosy now and then withal. Went to Meeting this morning and heard Mr. Stetson deliver a tolerably good Sermon with an intolerable air. Occupied in reading much of the time in the after• { 220 } noon while the family remained at Meeting. In the evening Mr. Ward, a Medford gentleman, paid a visit and conversed much on many subjects, and among others, political ones.
1. CFA’s set of the Works of Maria Edgeworth, 13 vols., Boston, 1825, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-10

Monday 10th.

Returned to town this morning. No letters. Read Blackstone at the Office. The day passed quietly and without interruption. Afternoon copying a writ for Mr. Kinsman. Took a walk, attended Moot Court and after hearing a spirited argument, returned home. George came in and passed an hour in conversation, political and otherwise, so that I had but little time to do any thing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-11

Tuesday. 11th.

Received no letter from my Father this morning much to my surprise and wrote only a very short one in consequence. One from my Mother however in her usual melancholy style which makes the heart sick to think of it. She has lost all the elasticity of character which is necessary for the support of us in all situations, and I always look upon it with deep regret. Owing to a feeling of head ach I was unable to apply myself to any purpose during the day. But in the evening read Cicero and wrote Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-12

Wednesday. 12th.

Morning occupied in reading Philosophy. Then to the Office engaged in Blackstone pretty much all the morning. Made good progress. Went out of town with Mr. Brooks to Medford. Found the family all tolerably well. The accounts from Ward grow more and more decisive. He will not long survive. Abby seemed in less spirits than usual. Evening passed en famille.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-13

Thursday. 13th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Conversation with him. Heard of the death of a friend of Abby, who was bride maid last year when she was married, Mrs. Chapin.1 A melancholy case. Morning at the Office. Blackstone. Two letters. One from my father informing me that one of mine was missing and one from Richardson at Washington.2 Afternoon, Hutchinson. Conversation with George. Evening at home, Cicero and Executive Record.
{ 221 }
1. Mrs. Charles Chapin, the former Elizabeth Bridge (Boston Daily Advertiser, 14 Mar. 1828).
2. The letter from Richardson is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-14

Friday. 14th.

Passed the morning in looking up a case for argument at the next meeting of the Moot Court besides reading a little Philosophy before breakfast. Afternoon, wrote a letter to Richardson1 and read Hutchinson. Took a long walk with Davis. The weather was rather chilly, after which returned home and finished the second book of Cicero de Officiis, besides accomplishing a considerable quantity of Executive Record.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-15

Saturday 15th.

Wrote to my Mother according to custom after which I went down to the Office and prepared a case for argument. Conversation with George. It stormed as violently as it has done during any day this winter. Rode to Medford with Mr. Brooks to dine. It was cold and unpleasant. Found the family much as usual. Occupied part of the time in reading Miss Edgeworth’s Novels, and part of it as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-16

Sunday. 16th.

Fine day but the ground covered with snow. Remained at home all day, read more of Miss Edgeworth but passed the larger part of my time in conversation with Abby. Ward still lingers. But the blow will not now be a severe one, so much time has been given for preparation. Talked with Mr. Brooks upon many subjects not material. So little variety in these days that although happy as they can be, yet they give little worth recording.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-17

Monday. 17th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Found a letter from my Mother in not a bit better spirits than usual. I cannot comprehend what it is makes her so low. It affects mine considerably. Prepared my case for argument. Took a long walk and went to the Moot Court, acquitted myself better than I did last time and was only made aware of the necessity of further practice and exertion.1 Evening at home.
1. The case involved the question, “Whether a tenant at will is entitled to notice to quit,” and the judge decided against CFA’s argument (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-18

Tuesday. 18th.

Wrote to my father, then to the Office to read Blackstone. Spent a short time with George, found him in a captious humour, and left him. Occupied in the afternoon with Hutchinson. Took a walk and passed my evening in study. These are useful days and I am now in such a habit of arranging my time as to afford me excellent opportunities for progress.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-19

Wednesday. 19th.

Morning, Greek Philosophy, then to the Office to read Blackstone. Called at Mr. Brooks’ Office and decided upon remaining in town until tomorrow. Passed the afternoon at the Office reading Hutchinson, took a walk and studied as usual at home in the evening. George came in and passed an hour in which we had much pleasant conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-20

Thursday. 20th.

Morning, Greek Philosophy, then to the Office. Letter from my Mother in better spirits although she speaks discouragingly about the election.1 Read Blackstone and went out with Mr. Brooks to Medford. He carried out with him two trees of a size to set out. They looked singularly and troubled him because he thought I was ashamed of them. I was rather amused than otherwise. The family all well. Abby pleasant. Quiet evening with them all.
1. LCA wrote: “the aspect of things in New York is very bad for us but if they run Peter B. Porter [for governor] there may be some chance” (LCA to CFA, 13 Mar. 1828, Adams Papers). The Adams men chose Judge Smith Thompson as their candidate; for the election results see entry for 12 Nov., and note, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-21

Friday. 21st.

Returned to town with Abby and Mr. Brooks in his Carriage. Office. No letters, then to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see her upon her return home. They have difficulties as well as all others and I must say do wrong sometimes. The return of Mrs. F. rather diminishes my opinion of her character. I think her a good woman but not capable of that decided course of conduct which influences a really high souled female. I can easily account for her anxiety to return but it looks like selfishness, to give way to it. At the Office as usual all day, finished Hutchinson and evening, Cicero and Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-22

Saturday. 22nd.

Morning, wrote to my Mother as usual, attempted to be amusing but I fear without much success. Office, reading Blackstone. Went to Medford with Mr. Brooks, the family all as usual, nothing remarkable. I talked with Abby and read Belinda by Miss Edgeworth. Had a good deal of conversation with Mr. B. upon the subject of grounds and agriculture in general.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-23

Sunday 23rd.

Morning at home, conversed with Abby, little or nothing material. After dinner I went to Church with Mr. Brooks, and heard young Emerson1 deliver a good flowing discourse. He has much of the manner of the family but rather softened. On our return I perceived a Chaise at the house which immediately disclosed what from a letter yesterday had been anticipated. I had thought however that he might still continue, the symptoms of dissolution being generally gradual in that complaint, at least until tomorrow when I should not have been here. Edward Brooks and Mrs. Frothingham came out with the information that Ward C. Brooks had died on Wednesday at a little after one o’clock. Scarcely had I heard it as from motives of delicacy I had remained out of the way as long as possible, when it was announced that Mrs. Brooks had herself arrived. This was astonishing to all. For myself I never recollect being in a situation more vehemently painful to me, being a third person and evidently a burden without the possibility of removing myself. Mrs. Brooks behaved admirably and surpassed my expectations amazingly, but the traces of feeling were strongly visible and only made me feel aware how much I was now an intruder. I have seldom been more strongly affected. Conversed with Abby part of the evening and retired early.
1. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-24

Monday 24th.

Returned to Boston in the Carriage with Abby. The weather was very stormy. I felt amazingly relieved in getting back to Boston as I no longer felt myself such a dead weight. But my sympathy had been so strongly excited as to make me feel very gloomy all day. I could not help thinking that it was only a year since I saw him at Baltimore in full health and spirits and now he is a corpse under the effect of a disease which may come upon us all. Received a letter from my father and occupied myself all day in my usual avocations. Evening quietly at home reading Cicero and writing Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-25

Tuesday. 25th.

Wrote to my father this morning and went to the Office, passed the morning in reading Blackstone. Commenced Edwards’ History of the West Indies in the afternoon. The day was fine and my spirits tolerably good. Took a walk in the evening and fancied myself sick which I always do when I have not occupation sufficiently engrossing. I thought much of consumption. Evening at home, occupied as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-26

Wednesday. 26th.

Greek Philosophy in the morning. Then at the Office reading Blackstone. Wrote a Note to Abby,1 as it is decided that I shall not see Medford this week. Hitherto it has not been dull to me. But my spirits are very variable. Conversation with George. He seems always getting into trouble. Had he been what he ought, my labour would have been saved, and my feelings quieted. Afternoon, Edwards’ History. My usual walk, part of the way with Mr. Charles Paine, a student at law.2 Evening at home, reading Cicero, George came in and sat a few minutes, conversation of little or no moment. We mutually avoid unpleasant subjects. Executive Record kept me later than usual. Spirits were tolerable.
1. Missing.
2. Charles Cushing Paine, Harvard 1827, who later practiced law in Boston.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-27

Thursday. 27th.

Reading as usual. Then at the Office reading Blackstone. Nothing remarkable occurred. My life is quite monotonous again, but I never was gaining knowledge so rapidly. My mind has sensibly developed since my coming to Boston and the solidity which I obtain is manifest to myself. Afternoon, Edwards. Instead of a walk conversed with George when as usual we fell into an argument. Evening at home. Cicero and Executive Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-28

Friday. 28th.

Finished the Pythagorean Philosophy this morning. Office, Blackstone. The day was remarkably beautiful. Passed the day in my regular occupations and neither heard nor saw any thing notable. Walk with T. Davis in the evening and general conversation. Evening, Cicero and Record.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-29

Saturday. 29th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother this morning.1 At the Office. Black• { 225 } stone. George received letters from both my Parents expecting him at Washington.2 He will probably go this week ensuing. My mother is also anxious to have me go, but I have a great indifference to it, and independently of that I don’t think I can leave Abby. Took a warm bath this morning for the first time this winter. After dinner, read as usual, took a walk with E. H. Derby3 and passed the evening in my usual avocations having thus finished decidedly the most industrious week of my residence in Boston.
1. Missing.
2. Missing.
3. Elias Hasket Derby (1803–1880), Harvard 1824, who had also studied law in Webster’s office, was admitted to the Suffolk county bar in 1827 (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-30

Sunday. 30th.

Reading Plato this morning. Started at 9 o’clock for Medford. All the individuals of the Brooks family were there and attended Church to hear prayers on account of the death of Ward. The minister who officiated was not lucky in his performances, they being prosy and spiritless. I went again in the afternoon. They returned early to Boston. Conversation with Abby and moments of happiness.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0003-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-03-31

Monday. 31st.

As Chardon Brooks drove my Gig home last Evening, I returned to town with Mr. Brooks. The weather was rainy and dull. Found a letter from my Mother evidently calculating upon my going there and felt regret that I should be obliged to disappoint her. But upon the most mature reflection I think it decidedly my duty not to go, and my inclination does not vary much from it. The fact is that I am a little tired with the tumult of a Washington life. But I do not remember that I ever had a stronger paroxysm of melancholy than today. It went much further than usual, and I did not recover it until I went to bed. My duties were performed much as usual. Moot Court in the evening and Executive Record without Cicero.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-01

Tuesday. April 1st.

Wrote a letter to my Father this morning, but received none from him, which a little surprises me, as I expected my quarterly allowance which I am fearful is delayed by their supposing I shall go on. Morning, Blackstone, examining the nature of real actions, a puzzling Chapter. Afternoon, Edwards and conversation with Davis. Felt dull and unwilling to labour but wrote Executive Record in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-02

Wednesday. April 2nd.

Reading Plato in the morning, then Blackstone at the Office. No letters from home. Nothing remarkable occurred during the day which I passed in my usual avocations. But omitted them in the evening. I cannot account for the remarkable feeling which has this week possessed me. An unaccountable apathy and dullness have come over me and my usual labours give me no gratification. This has not been experienced before since my arrival here. It is attended with an excessive propensity to sleep which strikes me as being unnatural. But I am among other things strongly liable to fits of hypochondria and so I don’t remark symptoms. But I could not sit up beyond ten o’clock.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-03

Thursday. April 3rd.

Morning reading Plato. Rode to Medford. Weather cold and harsh. Fast day by the proclamation of the Governor. Conversation with Abby. In the afternoon walked up the canal until I reached the locks and the new Aqueduct.1 The scenery is exceedingly pretty all the way up and the spots for situations beautiful. I have seldom enjoyed a walk more nor did I return till sometime after the family had returned from Meeting. Edward Brooks and his wife were out here. He is very much excited about the resignation of Dr. Kirkland which has created much noise everywhere. It seems that Mr. Bowditch insulted him grossly at the Corporation board.2 I certainly think it a shameful business. But some men have no delicacy. Evening with Abby.
1. P. C. Brooks built a stone bridge to span the Middlesex Canal, connecting the Merrimac and Mystic rivers, as it ran through Medford (Brooks, Medford, p. 400).
2. Nathaniel Bowditch (1773–1838), the famous astronomer and mathematician, elected to the Corporation of Harvard College in 1826, forced a financial retrenchment which undermined President Kirkland’s authority, already weakened by the student disorders of 1823. A violent tirade by Bowditch against the President on a point of student discipline caused Kirkland suddenly to submit his resignation on 2 April 1828 (DAB, under John Thornton Kirkland).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-04

Friday. April 4th.

Returned to town this morning. Forgot to notice the receipt of a letter from my father yesterday. George puts off his Journey until Monday. Morning, Blackstone. Afternoon, Edwards. My spirits still under the same load of depression. In the evening, had a fit of sleep which disabled me from any active occupation. Read a little of Cicero.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-05

Saturday. April 5th.

Wrote to my Mother1 this morning. Then to the Office. Some pages { 227 } of Blackstone. Received another letter from my father this morning. Weather, cold with snow clouds. After dinner rode out to Quincy with George. It is now six months or more since I was last here. Found my Uncle’s family all very well. Employed in planting some Spanish Chesnuts belonging to my Father. We put down between forty and fifty of them, also some Cork oak Acorns, common oak acorns and two cherries. In George’s absence the care of them devolves upon me. Mr. Price Greenleaf will be a great assistance to us. Took tea and returned to town in a heavy shower of rain. Evening at home.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-06

Sunday. 6th.

Read a little Philosophy before going out to Medford. Rode out after breakfast. Weather cold and raw. Found Abby was not well. Did not go to Meeting during the day, but remained at home consulting books upon agriculture and the planting of trees. But little however can be learned from the mere theory. Practice must do the rest. Afternoon with Abby. Evening, Dr. Swann, the family physician came in. And consequently I sat but a short time with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-07

Monday 7th.

Returned to town bringing Abby in my Gig with me. Morning cold and unpleasant. George had not gone. Election day. Conversation with him and Ward about his being a Candidate for the Common Council. Office, Blackstone. Afternoon, Edwards. One hour with Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Julia Gorham and Anne Carter. Evening, Moot Court. Spirits rather dull. George was elected.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-08

Tuesday 8th.

Wrote to my father as usual. George positively departed this morning and I took possession of his Office. But my morning was not fully occupied usefully as much of it was cut up. The elections all turned out very well yesterday. Blackstone. Afternoon, Edwards. And read a part of Hoffman’s Legal Study.1 The luckiness of my situation affects my spirits. Evening at home, Cicero and political economy.
1. David Hoffman, A Course of Legal Study, Baltimore, 1817.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-09

Wednesday. 9th.

Did not rise until late this morning and did not pay so much attention to philosophy as usual. Morning at the Office. I propose to obtain { 228 } some knowledge of the law of real actions and am therefore embracing a considerable field. Read some Chapters of Reeves much of which had escaped my memory. Went to Medford with Mr. Brooks. Family much as usual. Passed the day in conversation with Abby, and in reflection. Evening also without any thing remarkable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-10

Thursday. 10th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Office, morning occupied in reading Reeves. Felt melancholy again creeping upon me and spent a doleful afternoon. The peculiar circumstances of my situation, the painful thoughts which come across me entirely unfit me for solitary study, as this nourishes and increases them. I must consequently, since society is at present out of my power, resort to lighter and more easy reading to interest my mind. So after a walk with E. H. Derby and finishing Cicero de Officiis, I amused myself with the first volume of Cyril Thornton.1
1. Thomas Hamilton, The Youth and Manhood of Cyril Thornton, 3 vols., Edinburgh, 1827.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-11

Friday. 11th.

Morning occupied in reading. At the Office, Reeves. Mr. Curtis called in to know whether any thing had been done by my father concerning the Boylston property.1 Nothing that I know of. Afternoon went to an Auction in hopes to get a set of Burke but it went very dear. At the Office reading Edwards’ West Indies. Walk with E. H. Derby round by South Boston Bridge returning by the new bridge. Evening at home reading Cyril Thornton. Spirits still very low.
1. In his will Ward N. Boylston had bequeathed to JQA 400 acres of farm land in Weston, appraised at $5,366 (Bemis, JQA, 2:100).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-12

Saturday. 12th.

Did not rise until quite late. Time hangs heavy upon my hands and the elasticity of my mind is temporarily destroyed. At the Office, wrote a letter to my Mother and received two from George at New York.1 He will have reached Washington this afternoon. To day is his birth day and commences his twenty eighth year. Time begins to set heavily on him but he listens not enough to it’s admonitions. Abby is in town at Mrs. P. C. Brooks’ who is ill. I consequently remain in Boston but did not go to see her as I expected she would send to tell me when she could see me. But she did not and I passed the afternoon and evening { 229 } much as usual. Finished Cyril Thornton. My spirits still excessively depressed but more quiet and calm than they have been.
1. All these letters are missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-13

Sunday. 13th.

Morning quietly at home reading the Chronicles of the Canongate.1 Went to George’s room to look after some papers according to his request and then went to P. C. Brooks’ Jnr. to dine according to invitation. Found Abby quite well and talked with her all the afternoon. Went again in the evening. My spirits having been so low, I found myself foolishly alive to my feelings. And returned home half pleased, half melancholy.
1. Sir Walter Scott, The Chronicles of the Canongate, 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1827.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-14

Monday. 14th.

Received letters from my father as well as my mother.1 The latter in a very dispirited strain, as usual. My not coming on has affected her very much indeed. It now remains to be seen how far George’s visit may be a pleasant one. Called to see Abby and did very little in the way of law. Afternoon at the Office, finished Hoffman’s Legal Study, a good book but not sufficiently practical. Evening at P. C. Brooks Jr. with Abby.
1. LCA’s letter is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-15

Tuesday 15th.

I have caught a severe cold and feel unable consequently to get up directly. Wrote a letter to my father which kept me busy until eleven o’clock when I started off in a waggon to Genl. Dearborn’s after some trees which he had given to my father. The dust was dreadful. Having obtained the trees, I rode with a man I got in Boston to Quincy and arrived to dine, after which I was busy setting out the trees. With the advice of Mr. Price Greenleaf I took the lower part of the ground which had been set apart for a nursery and put there in one row forty English Oaks, and in three more, fifty three Elms of the third years growth. I also planted eight Elms and eight buttonwood or plane trees in the inclosure next to the house called the clothes yard, and sowed some shellbarks and pacane nuts as an experiment. A good day’s work. Took tea and returned but severely burnt. An unpleasant ride. Evening with Abby at Chardon Brooks’.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-16

Wednesday. 16th.

Arose late and found myself suffering with stiffness in consequence of my yesterday’s labour. Went to the Office but did nothing with spirit. Read a little of Stearns and then went up and dined with Chardon Brooks with whom I spent an hour after dinner. Then to the Office. Read a portion of Lady Morgan’s Italy.1 Evening at Edward Brooks’ for the first time. Quiet evening and supper.
1. Lady Sydney Morgan, Italy, 2 vols., London, 1821.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-17

Thursday. 17th.

Arose late and feeling the effects of a violent cold throughout my whole system. Went to the Office, read Stearns as usual. Nothing peculiar occurred. Afternoon again at the Office upon Lady Morgan’s Italy which I find to be very dull. Walked down upon the alarm of fire to the spot which was the Court House in Leverett Street. Evening at P. C. Brooks Jr. Abby was not in good spirits and in one of those fits of depression which momentarily affect her very much. I succeeded in getting her out of it before we parted.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-18

Friday. 18th.

My cold a little better although attended with a tremendous oppression of my lungs. I do not know whether to be alarmed about it or not. If the weather was not likely to bring it a cure I certainly would consult a physician. Morning at the Office. Stearns. Afternoon, Lady Morgan. Went to see this new Ship which is going to Liverpool as a Packet. She is just built and called the Boston. The inside of the Cabin is lined with Mahogany and very pretty. But on the whole I felt but little tempted to go by all the beauties which are so advantageously displayed at a wharf. Evening at Chardon Brooks’ to see Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-19

Saturday. 19th.

Up late. Morning at the Office. Wrote to my Mother,1 but not in a very connected manner. Read a little law. Afternoon at the Office reading Lady Morgan which I find rather a sleepy account of Italy. The word carries more of fascination in it than any of her comments. Evening at Chardon Brooks, to see Abby.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-20

Sunday. 20th.

Morning chilly with hail and snow. At home reading The Guards, { 231 } a stupid novel.1 Dined at Chardon Brooks’. Nothing peculiar in our conversation. Abby not quite well. Returned home and read sometime, after which I passed the rest of the evening with Abby. It rained violently on my return.
1. Anon., The Guards: A Novel, 3 vols., London, 1827.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-21

Monday. 21st.

Morning, bad weather. Office. No letters but news from Washington that John had got involved in a bad scrape with that hectoring bully Russel Jarvis.1 The newspapers are full of it. I regret it very much indeed on John’s account. What will be the end of it, I don’t know. Every body talks of it and the general feeling seems to be in John’s favour. Evening with Abby at Chardon Brooks’.
1. Resentful of the slanderous attacks which Russell Jarvis had published in the Daily Telegraph, reviving the canard that JQA as minister to Russia had “pimped” the person of Martha Godfrey, the Adams nursemaid, to the lust of Alexander I, JA2 was indignant when the newspaperman appeared at a White House reception and announced publicly to visiting Massachusetts minister Caleb Stetson “that if Jarvis had the feelings of a gentleman he would not show himself here.” Shortly thereafter, when JA2, in his capacity as secretary to the President, was carrying messages to Congress, Jarvis assaulted him in the rotunda of the Capitol, “pulling his nose, and slapping one side of his face.” See JQA, Memoirs, 7:508; Report on the Assault by Russell Jarvis, House Report No. 260, 20 Cong., 1 sess. (16 May 1828); LCA “To my Children,” 1 May 1828, Adams Papers; Samuel F. Bemis, “The Scuffle in the Rotunda,” MHS, Procs., 71 (1953–1957): 156–166.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-22

Tuesday. 22nd.

Morning at the Office. Four letters from home but not one of them giving the particulars of the case, which is very galling. George proses away in a letter which was written some time before.1 My mother seems to have been much affected but thinks some good may come of it in re-uniting the family. My father’s letter is short and written evidently in considerable agitation. I wrote a reply to him which took up the morning. Afternoon reading Mr. Thomas Dibdin’s Memoirs2 by way of relaxation. Evening at Chardon Brooks’ to see Abby.
1. GWA’s letter is missing.
2. The Reminiscences of Thomas Dibdin, of the Theatres Royal, Covent-Garden ..., N.Y., 1828.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-23

Wednesday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office. Purchased a gold pencil case intended as a present to Abby on her birth day which comes on Friday. Afternoon reading Dibdin. Evening at Mrs. Frothingham’s where the individuals { 232 } of the Brooks family were congregated. Edward and his wife, Abby and Mrs. F. with her husband and myself. They meet in this way every week. And in their quiet circle the thundering of the political world does not excite the slightest attention. Is it not better to be so? My disgust to politics seems to be growing. Returned with Abby to Chardon Brooks and from thence home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-24

Thursday. 24th.

Morning at the Office. No letters. Wrote one to George1 in rather bad humour for keeping me in the dark about this affair at Washington. Then went to Chesnut Street to see Abby, calling on the road upon Mrs. Hall2 to apologise for not having noticed her Note of invitation for some evenings since, which I delighted in escaping at the time as I knew what she wished me for. I was this morning loaded with questions about this affair which I avoided answering as much as possible. Abby left town and her friends Julia Gorham and Anne Carter sent me off before she went. I called upon Harriet Welsh and left my Card. The occasion of it was similar to that of Mrs. Hall. And I was glad to escape the same Catechism. Afternoon, Dibdin and in the evening at home reading a new Novel, as I am still unequal to hard labour.
1. Missing.
2. Presumably Mrs. Elizabeth (Smith) Hall, daughter of Isaac Smith (1719–1787) and a cousin of AA. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-25

Friday 25th.

Morning at the Office. No news. Occupied in looking up the law upon a case which I am to argue on Monday evening at the Moot Court. I could not send my pencil case to Abby as Mr. Brooks did not come to Boston. This was quite a disappointment. Nothing material occurred. Afternoon occupied in reading Dibdin and a walk with Mr. Derby. I went to Dr. Welsh’s in the evening in obedience to a request from Harriet that I should.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-26

Saturday. 26th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother this morning,1 in a deep fit of the blues. My temper is variable in the extreme. Received one from her after breakfast which is rather better than usual. John’s affair is still going on. The day was rainy and disagreeable. I went out of town with Mr. Brooks to Medford where I have not before been for some time. Found { 233 } Abby well but the children all sick, and Mrs. Everett consequently in low spirits. Passed the evening in conversation with Abby.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-27

Sunday. 27th.

At home all day. Abby went to Meeting in the morning. My mind was running a good deal upon the conversation which we had upon the prospects of our marriage. Abby intimated that her father was opposed to any consideration of it for some time to come. I told her that in that case I could not consent to remain in Boston and live such a dull life as I do, deprived of every comfort for another winter. The idea of postponing this when brought up by others depresses me terribly and my mind was running upon it much of the time during the day. Perhaps if there was no opposition I might move to delay it myself, perhaps it may never happen at all. My fancies on this subject are thick coming. And it is useless to entertain them. Time will disclose all things and my trust is in heaven. In the evening Dr. Swan and Mr. Angier came in.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-28

Monday 28th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. The weather has changed at last, and become milder. Received a letter from my father of a most agreeable kind. It seems such an exposition of his feelings under the recent severe attack upon them. Indeed his letters to me during the past year are examples of the peculiar character of his mind which will show hereafter. Prepared the remainder of my case. Afternoon, finished Dibdin, a book on the whole rather flimsy and dull. Evening, argued my case against Chapman. I happened to have the right side and therefore had little to do. In the evening, remained at home and read a novel.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-29

Tuesday. 29th.

Wrote a letter to my father as usual. No news from George yet. Took a little medicine this morning. I do not know whether I need it or not but I am a little hypochondriac and do it to raise my spirits. Finished the subject of real actions. Afternoon, at my room. Copied some Executive Record. Commenced Novanglus and Massachuttisensis1 and in the evening Voltaire’s Louis 14th. On the whole better content with myself than usual.
1. Two copies of Novanglus, and Massachusettensis; or, Political Essays, Published in the Years 1774 and 1775, on the Principal Points of Controversy, { 234 } between Great Britain and Her Colonies, Boston, 1819, are in the Stone Library. The work contained a preface by JA, the author of the “Novanglus” papers, written in reply to Daniel Leonard’s “Massachusettensis” papers, 1774–1775. See JA, Diary and Autobiography, 2:161. CFA was reading the work at the suggestion of his father, who thought it would help counter the Tory bias of Thomas Hutchinson’s History (JQA to CFA, 7 April 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0004-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-04-30

Wednesday. 30th.

Morning at the Office. Read Blackstone attentively this morning. Nothing from home. Went to Medford with Mr. Brooks today. The weather was fine and bids fair to open the season. Found Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham at Medford, and had a tolerably pleasant dinner. Abby was suffering from a bad cold. The day passed with little or nothing to render it remarkable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-01

Thursday. May 1st.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. We rode round through Cambridge to see the condition of some Farms there. The day was fine and my ride pleasant. Received a letter from my Mother announcing George’s return. It is in rather better spirits. Read Blackstone. Afternoon at my room copying Executive Record and reading. Then took a walk and read in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-02

Friday. May 2nd.

Morning at the Office reading Blackstone. By application during the two days past I have progressed amazingly. Afternoon at my room copying Executive Record and reading. Took a walk over the Western Avenue and in the evening read part of Voltaire’s Louis 14th and finished the biographical sketch of Wolsey published by the English Society.1 On the whole my spirits have very considerably improved since the adoption of my new plan.
1. The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (London) was issuing in its Library of Useful Knowledge a series of brief biographies, including sketches of Cardinal Wolsey, by Katherine Thomson; Christopher Wren, by Charles Henry Bellenden Ker; Edward Coke, by Edward Plunkett Burke; William Caxton, by W. Stevenson; and Mohamet, by John Arthur Roebuck. These were later collected and published as Lives of Eminent Persons, London, 1833.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-03

Saturday. May 3rd.

Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my Mother1 which occupied me until one o’clock. Went to Medford with Mr. Brooks. Found Abby sick and complaining. And strange to say, found myself extremely unwell in the course of the afternoon. Conversation with Abby. Passed { 235 } a very restless and disturbed night owing to a violent relaxation of my system.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-04

Sunday. May 4th.

Quite unwell this beautiful morning. The first true spring day we have had. I took a walk and gradually became better although I believe I am more weak than I had any idea of. Little occurred of interest. In the afternoon Chardon Brooks and Henry Dalton, a cousin of his,1 came and took tea. The family seemed to be quite unwell, all of them.
1. Henry Dalton, of the Baltimore firm of Dalton & Brooks, married Mary Ann Russell (Columbian Centinel, 12 May 1827).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-05

Monday May 5th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. The weather still very fine. George had not returned. Read Blackstone. Afternoon at my room upon Executive Record which I propose to be in earnest about this Summer. I find my own room very pleasant and have suffered less from melancholy since I have occupied it more. Novanglus and Massachusettensis. Took a walk to South Boston. And attended the Moot Court but there was no meeting. Evening at my room.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-06

Tuesday May 6th.

Called at Dr. Welsh’s agreeably to request and conversed some time with Miss Harriet. Then to the Office where I wrote a letter to my father although none had been received from him this week. One came from my Mother this morning full of John’s affair. This filled up the time usually devoted to law. In the afternoon I copied Ex. Record as usual and read some numbers of Novanglus and Masstts. Then a walk and evening, Voltaire’s Louis 14th.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-07

Wednesday. 7th.

Morning at the Office, Blackstone. George not returned although I received today a letter from my father mentioning his having started on Thursday last. Went to Medford with Mr. Brooks. Sat with Abby almost all day. Mr. and Mrs. Hall were there and disturbed us a little. It was one of my happy days. My spirits suffer under an extraordinary pressure and I cannot tell when it will be removed. But I enjoy many moments of extreme happiness notwithstanding and some of them today.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-08

Thursday. May 8th.

Returned to town in Mr. Brooks’ Carriage with Mrs. Brooks, Mrs. Everett and Abby. The morning was very beautiful. Found George had returned and had a good deal of conversation with him about affairs at Washington. He thinks political prospects looking up. I have not much hope. He says my father is very thin and pale, which I am sorry to hear. The rest of the family are well. Read a little of Blackstone. Afternoon at my room copying Executive Record and reading Novanglus. Evening, George called and we had further conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-09

Friday 9th.

Morning, Office, reading Blackstone. Afternoon, occupied myself as usual but found a great deal of trouble from a head ache. I attempted to walk it off, but it increased until it rendered every thing like occupation impossible. I then put my feet in hot water and went to bed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-10

Saturday 10th.

My head was but little better although not so violent and convinced me that I wanted medicine. Office in the morning but felt quite unable to remain there. Chardon Brooks came with an invitation from his father to me to go and dine there with a party, which I was compelled to decline on prudent considerations. I took some medicine and remained at my room. My day was rather dismal as I felt incapacitated from pursuing any, even the lightest employment, so I laid on the bed, until early in the evening when I went to bed for the night.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-11

Sunday 11th.

Morning, somewhat better, but felt still a little feverish. This did not prevent my going to Medford this morning although far from absolutely sure whether it was the better course. My head ached at intervals although before evening the pain left my eyes where it had somewhat troubled me. But my throat and gums were in a proportionately inflamed condition.1 It is evident that I could not feel in a perfectly agreeable condition or in a suitable one as a lover, and so I wished myself away very sincerely. Had I stayed away however, I should have worried Mrs. Brooks and Abby much more. As it was, the latter nursed me kindly. Henry Dalton came out here but I did not see him.
1. CFA wrote his mother that he had “what the physicians call canker—a thing { 237 } which I never had before, which came out upon my lips and tongue in great abundance and corrupted all the flesh in the interior of my mouth” (CFA to LCA, 31 May 1828 , Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-12

Monday 12th.

Returned to town. Office, found letters from both my parents. That from my Mother in better tone than usual. Her spirits seem to have gained a little elasticity. My own far otherwise. Morning, Blackstone at the Office. Went again in the afternoon for the sake of the fire, read some of Bolingbroke. The idea of a Patriot King. My mouth troubles me very much. At home all the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-13

Tuesday 13th.

Found myself so uncomfortable this morning although not by any means worse, that after a call and some conversation with George and Harriett Welsh, I went down to Dr. John Ware’s to consult him upon the subject.1 I did not find him until after three o’clock when he proceeded to give me some medicine which I took immediately and established myself in my room quietly for the time. George came in and we conversed in the evening.
1. Dr. John Ware lived at 22 Howard Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-14

Wednesday 14th.

At home at my room all day. The weather, having set in for a storm, gave me little or no temptation to go out. I therefore travelled through an amazing variety of Novels and Tales obtained from a Circulating Library in the Neighbourhood. Abby was in town but only for a few minutes, as it rained so violently. I could not see her. My mouth slowly improving although I can scarcely perceive it. The gargle prescribed is horrible. Evening, George came and amused me with pleasant conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-15

Thursday 15th.

Morning, find myself about the same. Weather very rainy and gives me no temptation to go out. I was so dissatisfied with my progress however that I sent for Dr. Ware who gave me further advice. The day was passed in reading and sleeping, the latter seemed to take me very much. In the evening George called and passed an hour with me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-16

Friday 16th.

Morning, gradually recovering, but very slowly. Weather still con• { 238 } tinues rainy and damp so that I did not venture out. Amused myself in reading Gaieties and Gravities1 and many other books, but felt rather dull on the whole at continuing in the house so long. In the afternoon amused myself in writing to my Mother.2 George came in both in the afternoon and evening but staid only a few moments each time. Went to bed early.
1. Horatio Smith, Gaieties and Gravities, 3 vols., London, 1825.
2. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-17

Saturday. 17th.

Morning, finished my letter to my Mother and a Note to Abby.1 Received agreeable ones from my father as well as my Mother, which with the weather put me in quite tolerable spirits. I went to the Office but did not study. Called at Mr. Brooks room and found that Abby was in town at Mrs. Frothingham’s where I went down to see her. She had come in yesterday morning. Stopped only a moment and wasted the remainder of the morning at George’s Office. Afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s and did not return until ten.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-18

Sunday. 18th.

Morning passed at home, rain again and bad weather. Occupied myself in reading Voltaire’s Louis 14th. George called in for a few moments only. Afternoon, Genl. Boyd called and spent a few minutes, with a glass of Curacoa for me. Began to feel dull at being alone and decided upon risking myself out so I went to Mrs. Frothingham’s and spent the evening pleasantly in conversation. Returned in a heavy rain but well defended.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-19

Monday. 19th.

Morning at the Office. Blackstone. Weather still unpleasant and rainy. And the town perfectly dull. I have seldom known a time when there was so very little to interest me. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s in the afternoon and talked with Abby. Remained all the evening and had some conversation concerning Mr. Everett. My opinions of his character are completely formed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-20

Tuesday 20th.

The weather still continues the same and could almost impress us with the belief that the sun never will be seen again. Morning at the { 239 } Office. Wrote a letter to my father, not long as I have gathered but little subject during the week. Blackstone. Conversation with George concerning a certain letter from John.1 In the afternoon took a walk and passed the remainder at Mrs. Frothingham’s with Abby.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-21

Wednesday 21st.

Weather much the same. Morning at the Office. Blackstone. Nothing new. Afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. Conversation, then went with her to Mrs. Gorham’s where I left her to go to George’s Office. Had much serious conversation with him upon certain subjects. Returned in a heavy rain to Dr. Gorham’s and went to Mrs. F.’s with Abby in a Carriage. Found Mr. Frothingham had returned from New York. George came in to see Abby and we sat until ten o’clock when we returned home in rain.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-22

Thursday. 22nd.

Rain still continued with the simple variation of being harder than ever. Morning at the Office reading Blackstone. Afternoon, went to Mrs. Frothingham’s at the hazard of being drenched and saw Abby. She is tired of remaining in town during this dull weather. As I thought it would be disarranging the comforts of Mr. and Mrs. F., I left her before tea not to return for the day. Stopped at George’s Office for a few moments and then went to my room, but it seemed cold and cheerless, so that I did not sit up longer than to look over a Review of the Life of Napoleon and a little of Voltaire’s Louis 14th.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-23

Friday. 23rd.

Morning very fine, after the succession of bad weather, it comes most refreshingly. Went to the Office and read Blackstone. A melancholy way of passing a fine morning in the dark walls of an Office. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby who returned to Medford this morning. In the afternoon I resumed my Executive Record, which had been discontinued since my sickness and finished the papers of Novanglus and Massachusettensis. Then took a walk and found it exceedingly warm, after which in the evening I commenced Cicero’s Oration for Quintius.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-24

Saturday. 24th.

Morning fine. Office, letter from my father. Conversation with George. Went to the Gallery of Paintings,1 with him. Met my old { 240 } classmate William Dwight and was much pleased to see him. He has altered very little indeed. Having promised to go out of town with Mr. Brooks, I was obliged to leave him, although the scene and the meeting had raised my spirits considerably. The day was warm and I had a pleasant ride to Medford. I had determined not to go until tomorrow, and had it not been for the urgency manifested by Mr. B., should have kept my resolution. I found Mrs. Chardon Brooks there for her health. Mrs. Everett returned to her own house and Dr. Thayer, the Minister of Lancaster in this State,2 with his wife, on a visit to spend Sunday. The day passed quietly and none has been attended with more pleasure, of late.
1. Since 1826 the Boston Athenaeum had set aside a room for exhibiting paintings and its collection of casts from the antique (Winsor, Memorial History of Boston, 4:392).
2. Nathaniel Thayer, Harvard 1789, had been a tutor in 1792–1793.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-25

Sunday 25th.

The weather was beautiful and the country looked irrigated and refreshed. I walked to Meeting with Chardon in the morning and we heard Dr. Thayer. He is a good man but not much of a preacher. I went again in the afternoon in the Carriage. Mrs. Thayer is a good woman and no more. Our females in this part of the Country seldom preserve any interest until late in life. It goes with the externals and mind is then discovered to have been wanting. Mr. W. Ward and a son of Dr. Thayer’s called in the evening. The former is very political, if I can so use the term, and I conversed much with him. I do not like young Thayer and so had little to say to him. Evening with Abby and on the whole had about as happy a day as I have ever had since my engagement, I might say, during my recollection.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-26

Monday 26th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks, taking leave of Dr. Thayer and wife. Office, found a letter from my Mother in tolerably good spirits, conversed with George some time and then went with Davis to the gallery of paintings, calling upon Dwight on the road. He was not at home but we met him at the gallery. Lounged away an hour there, and the result was that I did but little during the day. Afternoon, Executive Record, and papers of Novanglus. Went to the Office to get a companion for a walk and instead fell into conversation with Davis which did not cease until ten o’clock in the evening when I returned home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-27

Tuesday. 27th.

Weather cloudy and disagreeable. Morning at the Office. Letter to my father. Blackstone. George. Afternoon, Dwight and Chapman at my room. The former is exactly what he was, and strikes me as having altered less than any man in the number of our class whom I have seen. We had a tolerably pleasant conversation until five o’clock when he was obliged to go. Davis came in and sat with me until evening. We drank some Champagne and on the whole did very well. I then took a walk and in the evening read part of Cicero’s Oration for Quintius.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-28

Wednesday. 28th.

Morning at the Office, but found it impossible to read. The motion that is going on around one and the idea that you are alone while all about you are gone to amuse themselves renders attention to a book difficult. This is commonly called Election day for it is the day upon which the old political year ceases and the government for the new one is constituted. This is done by the meeting of the Legislature, an address or rather Sermon after the old style, &ca., all which to those who are mere lookers on in Venice, is excessively tedious.1 I stood on my feet much of the morning conversing with many young men, but was glad to return home to dinner. Afternoon, Executive Record, a short walk, being already much fatigued, and evening, Cicero.
1. The General Court assembled at 10 o’clock, and, after the Senate chose Sherman Leland President and the House elected William B. Calhoun Speaker, both bodies proceeded to the Old South Church for the traditional election day sermon by the Rev. James Walker (Columbian Centinel, 31 May 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-29

Thursday 29th.

Morning at the Office, Blackstone. Conversation with George. Went to the Gallery of Paintings and lounged away an hour in examining them. It is rather a pleasant way of passing time, and I was a little dull, owing perhaps a little to the fact that I do not hear from Abby. After dinner, occupied myself in copying Executive Record, finished Voltaire’s Age of Louis 14th, took a walk and in the evening, read part of Cicero’s Oration for Quintius.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-30

Friday. 30th.

Morning at the Office. Finished Blackstone’s Commentaries which I have read carefully over and it has taken me five months. I do not { 242 } feel as if I was master of it all either, though this is the third reading I have given to it. Conversation with George. Report concerning Russell Jarvis sent me by John. Reflections upon Mr. Stetson’s testimony.1 Afternoon passed in reading and in copying Executive Record. The weather damp and rainy with thunder so that I did not walk. Evening finished Cicero’s Oration for Quintius.
1. See entry for 21 April, and note, above. Caleb Stetson, to whom JA2 had addressed his hostile remarks about Russell Jarvis, testified that on the next day he had asked a friend “to state to Mr. Jarvis that I had no personal concern in that conversation with Mr. Adams.” At the same time he rather weakly disavowed having expressed his “disapprobation of Mr. Adams’ conduct” (Report on the Assault by Russell Jarvis, House Report No. 260, 20 Cong., 1 sess., p. 29).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0005-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-05-31

Saturday. 31st.

Letter to my mother after which went to the Office but not to do much. Heard that Mr. Emerson had been taken alarmingly ill at Concord on Monday last. I have always thought he would not live very long although he may survive this.1 Rainy and disagreeable all day. Afternoon at home copying Executive Record and then went to Medford with Chardon Brooks. It poured the whole way. Found the family at M. much as usual. Had some conversation with Abby of rather a serious nature and reflected much upon her observations.
1. Violently deranged, Edward Bliss Emerson had to be taken to the asylum in Charlestown. He soon recovered his sanity, but his physical health, undermined by tuberculosis, was permanently broken (Ralph L. Rusk, The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson, N.Y., 1949, p. 127).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-01

Sunday. June 1st.

Weather cloudy, cold and disagreeable. Did not go to Meeting at all today. Morning occupied in gathering information with regard to trees and the afternoon in conversation with Susan Brooks. In the evening, a good deal of Medford Company and as Mr. Brooks and Chardon had gone over to see Mr. Everett who had returned, I was obliged to entertain them, which to me is a bore. When they did get back, Mr. B. brought me a letter and a box from my Mother containing a purse and a pair of little candle sticks for tapers. The letter had not much news.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-02

Monday. June 2nd.

Returned to Boston this morning with Chardon Brooks. This day was a repetition of last Wednesday, being what is here called Artillery Election. Owing to this I had no way of passing the morning to my { 243 } satisfaction but at last settled down in reading Mr. Brougham’s Speech upon the State of English Law.1 Afternoon. Executive Record and one of Mr. Burke’s Speeches upon American Affairs. Walk with Mr. Derby and evening, Cicero until I fell asleep and found my study useless, when I retired.
1. CFA’s copy of Henry Brougham’s Present State of the Law, Phila., 1828, is in the Boston Athenaeum.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-03

Tuesday 3rd.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in writing a letter to my father. Received one from him of a peculiar character. It treats of the political history of the late Session of Congress in a masterly and pointed manner.1 Did nothing else this morning. In the afternoon copied Executive Record and read Burke’s Speech on conciliation with the Colonies. It rained as if we had not seen any before for a long time. In the evening I went to the Theatre, and saw performed Shakespear’s Twelfth Night in a most shocking manner. The orchestra was uncommonly large and the music to Der Freyschutz,2 the afterpiece, was remarkably well performed. I never saw this piece before. The Story is strictly German with all a complication of horrors, but it requires more excellent stage management than ours to make it go off properly. The performance lasted so long that it was long after midnight before I got home.
1. JQA rejoiced that, despite the efforts of “factious opposition” to “misinterpret my meaning, and to give the most invidious colouring to sentiments of pure patriotism,” the Congress had sanctioned his policy of internal improvements by chartering the Chesapeake and Ohio canal and had “passed a tariff Bill for the protection of American Manufactures” (JQA to CFA, 28 May 1828, Adams Papers).
2. Der Freischütz, the opera by Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-04

Wednesday 4th.

Morning at the Office as usual, but spent little of the time in useful occupation. Commenced reading Kent’s Commentaries.1 Called upon Julia Gorham according to an agreement made with Abby last Monday. But I found that I only fulfilled my part of it, and as I concluded she was not in town, I found that I should remain also. Afternoon, copied Executive Record. The weather which is damp and changeable made me sleepy. My spirits low, affected by constant reflection on one painful subject. My lot must be trusted to divine providence. Anticipation of evil is useless. Evening, reading a Novel.
1. James Kent, Commentaries on American Law, 4 vols., N.Y., 1826–1830.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-05

Thursday. 5th.

Morning at the Office. Kents Commentaries. Received a short letter from Mother containing little of any thing except some ridiculous stories. This was the day fixed for the public dinner given to Mr. Webster and after much doubt I determined not to go being scarcely able to afford it.1 In consequence of this decision I made a sort of agreement to go Medford with Chardon Brooks in case his brother did not go with him. After this agreement had been made I repented of it and would have been glad to have gone to the dinner, but it was too late. His brother did go out with him and I lost both chances, about which I consoled myself with my ordinary duties.
1. Webster was under attack by the Boston shipping interests, hitherto among his strongest supporters, for having voted for the high tariff act of 1828. The public dinner, at Faneuil Hall, was designed to show that Massachusetts manufacturers, who benefited from protection, were now behind the Congressman. Webster made a long, defensive speech, explaining his course (Columbian Centinel, 7 June 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-06

Friday 6th.

Morning at the Office for a few moments. Returned to my room to drive George in a gig to Weston. The weather was cloudy and changeable but warm. We had a pleasant ride and stopped to look at the farm which father has obtained by the singular bequest of Mr. Boylston.1 It is in a miserable condition and not likely to be better in his hands. He had better part with it if he can find any purchaser. We went over the house and barns and then returned to a house two miles this side to dine. My appetite supplied the place of a good dinner and we devoured every thing that was set before us. Reached Boston before six. Evening at home.
1. See entry for 11 April, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-07

Saturday. 7th.

Morning at the Office. Mr. Webster there for the first time. Wrote a letter to my mother1 which occupied me the greater part of the time. Mr. Brooks asked me to go to Medford with him to which I consented and went accordingly to dine. The day was warm being the first of the kind this season. Found the family much as usual. Chardon and his wife in Boston, and Gorham out here. The conduct of this young man seems singular but I have not troubled myself with curiosity about him. J. Joy at tea.2 Evening quiet.
1. Missing.
2. Either Joseph Barrell Joy (1807–1833) or John Benjamin Joy (1814–1864), { 245 } both sons of Benjamin Joy, the merchant (James Richard Joy, Thomas Joy and His Descendants, N.Y., 1890, p. 85).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-08

Sunday 8th.

Fine morning. Went to Meeting and heard Mr. Stetson preach a Sermon which did not amount to much. Remained at home in the afternoon and read a little in my usual way concerning the culture of trees. After Abby returned from Meeting, I was furnished with one of Mr. Brooks’ horses and drove over with her to Winter Hill to pay Mr. Everett a visit. Mr. E. looks tolerably well. We had not been there long before Mr. and Miss Shepherd came in and then Mr. and Miss Perkins, which made quite a large party. After tea, we returned to Medford, it being the first Summer evening we have had.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-09

Monday 9th.

Mr. B. Gorham and his son breakfasted at Medford this morning, having come on horseback. Returned to Boston in the Carriage with Mr. B., Gorham and Abby. Morning at the Office reading Kent. Conversation with George. Afternoon, Executive Record after which Louis 15th by Voltaire. Took a long walk. Evening, Cicero and a Novel.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-10

Tuesday 10th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in writing a letter to my father although I received none from him as usual this week. Read some Chapters of Kent which gave me very little information and had some conversation with George. Afternoon engaged in copying Executive Record. This is fatiguing but it is a work which I engaged to do and for which I have been paid in advance. Then passed an hour in reading the age of Louis 15th. After which a walk until tea time. Finished a novel in the evening and made an abstract of Michaux on some kinds of trees.1
1. JQA’s copy of André Michaux’s The North American Sylva, 3 vols., Paris, 1819, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-11

Wednesday 11th.

Morning at the Office. Kent. Conversation with George and examination of a cargo of seeds which has been sent round from Washington. This occupied all the morning and in the next place I rode with Mr. Brooks to Medford. Found Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham at Medford but Abby had gone out which vexed me a good deal. Had { 246 } a pleasant dinner and after dinner a good deal of company. Among others, Winthrop Gray, a cousin of Abby’s, and a most disagreeable animal. Rode down with him to Mrs. Gray’s and walked up with Abby. My feelings were so strong I could not help expressing them for which I was afterwards sorry. Abby was quite sick with a headache.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-12

Thursday 12th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Then went to Quincy with George in a Gig, going over the Neck. The Country looked well and we had a pleasant day. Our purpose was to examine the Nursery and to put down the seeds which had been sent to us. This we accomplished although the heat of the Sun made it fatiguing. My trees look remarkably well. They have all taken. The Oaks look flourishing. After some conversation and taking tea, we returned to town over Milton Hill and met the last of the heavy stone Columns for the Meeting House. It was dragged by thirty five yoke of oxen and was a tolerable load.1 Evening at my room reading Louis 15th.
1. The new Unitarian church in Quincy, begun in 1827, commonly called the Stone Temple and built in part from benefactions by JA, was nearing completion. Built of granite, it had a front pediment supported by four Doric pillars, “the shaft of each being a single block.” JA and AA, JQA and LCA are all buried under this edifice (Pattee, Old Braintree and Quincy, p. 242–244).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-13

Friday. 13th.

Morning at the Office. Agreeably surprised by finding three letters for me from home. My father, my Mother and John.1 Very amusing all of them. Read Kent’s Commentaries as usual. Afternoon, Executive Record. In consequence of some milk which I drank and heat and fatigue of yesterday I felt excessively sleepy and could not read Louis 15th although I attempted it. Took my usual walk and in the evening wrote a reply to John.2 It is so long since we have written that there is a little unavoidable stiffness.
1. The letter from JA2 is missing.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-14

Saturday. 14th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother1 which detained me at my room sometime longer than usual. Then to the Office but did not find time to do any thing. At one o’clock I left town for Winter Hill having engaged to dine there. Found Col. Miller, the Greek hero, there and did not admire him.2 Abby was there, and a certain Mr. Bourne dined there. I knew him by sight formerly. We spent the afternoon there { 247 } and returned to Medford in the evening. Mr. Everett seemed occupied in other things.
1. Missing.
2. Jonathan Peckham Miller, a Vermont soldier who had helped the Greeks fight for their independence (Harold Schwartz, Samuel Gridley Howe, Cambridge, 1956, p. 10).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-15

Sunday. 15th.

Fine Morning. The Summer is really commencing. Went to Meeting in the morning and heard Mr. Stetson deliver a tolerably indifferent Sermon. Mr. Brooks’ brother arrived from Portland and dined at the house. It is now the Season for company at Medford and consequently for trouble as I know but few of the visitors who go there. In the evening took a walk with Abby along the bank of the Canal. Miss Mary Hall at the house.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-16

Monday. 16th.

Rose early both yesterday and this day to take a walk with Abby whose health requires it. After breakfast drove over to Watertown and left her at her brother Edward’s, where I made a short stay, before returning to town. The weather was quite warm and I took a bath. Have not yet commenced the cold ones. Afternoon, Executive Record and Louis 15th. Evening, writing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-17

Tuesday. 17th.

Morning at the Office. Went into the Supreme Court to hear an argument on a motion for a new trial in the case of the Ship Panther. This vessel being under insurance for two years or until her return to Boston, fell over the Salem Railway where she put in to repair instead of coming into Boston. The Jury had found for the Plaintiff, Ellery. This was a motion because the finding of the Jury was contrary to Evidence. Mr. Saltonstall and Mr. Webster in support of the motion, Mr. C. G. Loring and Mr. Hubbard against it.1 My own impressions were with the latter party. The trial occupied all day. Evening, Bacon’s Novum Organon. Wrote and sent a letter to my father.
1. The case was that of John S. Ellery v. The New England Insurance Company (8 Pickering 13). The lawyers were Leverett Saltonstall (1783–1845), Daniel Webster, Charles Greeley Loring (1794–1868), and Samuel Hubbard (1785–1847).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-18

Wednesday. 18th.

Morning at the Office reading Kent. The weather quite warm which { 248 } in the afternoon turned to a shower. I drove to Medford at one o’clock. Found the family tolerably well, and enlarged with the presence of Chardon and his wife, again. Had some conversation with Abby which gave room for reflection. Then took a ride with her round the woods, stopping at Mrs. Hall’s, her Aunt’s, to take tea. This was a long promised visit and very well accomplished. They are people unfortunate in the world and grown rather rustic, the consequence of which is that they feel sensitive about attentions. But I prefer unassuming sense to impertinent nonsense, and so it was no exertion on my part to make this visit. Returned before ten.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-19

Thursday. 19th.

Morning pleasant. I was oppressed with a fit of dullness and low spirits. How much my temper and disposition changes by circumstances. Returned to town alone. At the Office. Found a letter from my Mother1 which was extremely dull and pained me considerably. Another from my father in a pleasant and confiding tone. He invariably intimates however his disposition to suppose me a political man, a course which only strong circumstances could induce me to pursue.2 Read Kent. Afternoon, Executive Record. Went to hear the Sheriff of the County deliver a Lecture in the Court room upon the difference in the duties of an English and an American Sheriff.3 An amusing if not useful production. The bar generally were present. It was a voluntary on his part and caused peals of laughter. In the evening, took a walk in the Mall. The weather was warm and evening very beautiful.
1. Missing.
2. JQA exhorted his son “to give a portion of your attention to these Dinner Speeches, for which ... all men in public life will henceforward be frequently taxed, and for which it will be necessary that you should be prepared” (JQA to CFA, 13 June 1828, Adams Papers).
3. The sheriff was Charles Pinkney Sumner (1776–1839), father of Charles Sumner. His lecture, read to the Suffolk county bar, was published in the American Jurist for July 1829.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-20

Friday. 20th.

Continuation of fine weather to pay us for our rainy month. Morning at the Office reading Kent’s Commentaries and examining the doctrine of Calvin’s case, in Coke’s reports and a case in Cowper, in order to reply to the last letter of my father.1 Tolerably occupied. Afternoon, Executive Record, finished my Novel and was engaged in arranging my documents of the last Session. Evening, a walk around the Common, moon very brilliant.
{ 249 }
1. To counteract CFA’s doubts as to the legal basis for the colonists’ protests against British taxation, JQA advised his son to study the famous case of Calvin v. Smith (6 Jac. banco regis, fo. 1), where it had been held that the people of Ireland were not bound by an act of the English Parliament, in which they were not represented (JQA to CFA, 13 June 1828, Adams Papers). CFA replied with a decision of Lord Mansfield, given in Henry Cowper’s Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench (1783), p. 208: “A country conquered by the British arms becomes . . . necessarily subject to the legislature, the parliament of Great Britain” (CFA to JQA, 24 June 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-21

Saturday. 21st.

Morning at the Office. I know not what it is which makes me so sleepy now but I find it impossible to awake before a certain time in the morning. This compels me to write my letters at the Office instead of at my room. I was otherwise very much hurried this morning in my letter to my Mother1 which was unusually short. Went into Court and listened to some Opinions. Saw George who was much distressed by a communication from Mr. Quincy of a kind very ill judged and I took some pains to counteract it. Went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s which I succeeded in on the second attempt. Dined there with Mr. and Mrs. Brooks, a Mrs. Blanchard and Abby. After dinner, rode with Abby to Watertown to see Edward Brooks and his wife. Took tea there. The situation is beautiful and they seem to live happily but they are more in themselves than almost any persons I ever saw. Little communion with others. Returned to town by nine o’clock. Pleasant evening ride.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-22

Sunday 22nd.

Arose quite late. Went up to see George at his room and found him quite recovered from his trouble. He has been re-assured this time and I hope it will be some time before he has to endure another such affair. Dined with him and spent the larger part of the day with him. De Grand called to see him and we had some conversation upon the politics of the Country. He is dissatisfied. More conversation at dinner with Thos. Welsh who exerted himself considerably. Returned to my room to write Journal and in the evening, went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. But there was a great deal of Company and it put me out of humour.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-23

Monday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office reading Kent’s Commentaries. Found them dull and myself sleepy. Heard of the death of James Perkins, the { 250 } richest man of his age in Boston.1 No loss however. After dinner, occupied in copying Executive Record, and finished Voltaire’s Louis 15th. Looked a little into the question arising out of the Revolution which is now in agitation between my father and myself and read two of Mr. Clay’s Speeches. Evening with Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Her friends Julia Gorham and Anne Carter were there.
1. James Perkins, Harvard 1809.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-24

Tuesday. 24th.

Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my father explaining my ideas upon the power of Parliament in reference to us as Colonies. Then read a little of Kent. The weather was extremely warm. After dinner, occupied myself a short time in copying Executive Record, and then went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. Passed the Afternoon with her and in the Evening went with her to Mrs. Gorham’s to see Julia. Anne Carter was there also. Returned at ten o’clock. My feelings for a few days back have been singular and unaccountable. To me Life has seemed the most indifferent thing in the world. I do not care about any thing, feel little or no interest in any thing, not even in Abby. Melancholy seems more settled and the heat has made it languid. Reflection is all of an unprofitable kind for I feel at present no interest for the future, no remembrance of the past, no notice of the present. How long it will continue, I cannot tell but hope soon that my mind will receive some stimulus which may prevent it’s stagnating in this perplexing way. It makes my attentions to Abby fatiguing though I like her better than any thing else.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-25

Wednesday. 25th.

Arose very early this morning and went into a Cold Bath at Craigie’s Bridge. The water was pleasant and I felt myself much benefitted by it. The morning was warmer than any we have had. I was at the Office a part of the time and went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Also in the afternoon but the weather had changed and it was absolutely cold. My spirits very low and they were not increased by our Meeting. Misunderstanding seems to be the order of the day with us and I parted from her to return to my room and pass a very lonely and a very unhappy evening. My spirits are in a fair way of breaking.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-26

Thursday. 26th.

It was cold and I had no object to rise early. Morning at the Office { 251 } where I accomplished a great deal of Kent. Did not go to see Abby and she went out of town. Thought much upon the subject without any profitable result. Afternoon, some Executive Record, and a Walk. Evening, commenced Cicero’s Oration for Roscius of Ameria, with which I was much pleased, and read two of Mr. Clay’s Speeches.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-27

Friday 27th.

Morning at the Office. Read a little of Kent’s book but I find I know almost as much about Law already as the book discloses. Surprised by the appearance of Richardson who has just returned from the grand tour, that is to say from New Orleans via the Falls of Niagara. I was quite glad to see him and in consideration of our meeting we agreed to dine together at the Exchange Coffee House. We had very pleasant conversation but were quite alone there. I never saw a thinner table at that house in my life. After dinner I drove out my brother George to Weston according to agreement, in order to look after the farm. After some conversation with Mr. Jones,1 the neighbour, on the subject, and making some arrangements, we returned to Boston. It was nearly ten when we arrived and the weather very damp.
1. John Jones, sometimes called “Col. Jones,” as he was lieutenant colonel of the 3d Regiment, First Brigade, Third Division of the Massachusetts Militia (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 96).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-28

Saturday. 28th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother in the morning1 which by reason of the heat and dearth of subject, consumed almost all of it. Not having received any letters from her lately, I am fearful something is the matter. Rode out at one o’clock with George to Medford to dine. Found Mr. Everett and Wadsworth2 who with the family made up the number at dinner. Abby was much hurt with my absenting myself on Thursday and treated me a little coldly. We had an explanation afterwards and I regretted the effects of a foolish pride. George went away after tea and we passed the evening in Conversation.
1. Missing.
2. Either James Wadsworth (1768–1844), the wealthy owner of the town of Geneseo, in New York, or his brother, William Wadsworth (1732–1833), a major general in the New York state militia (Henry Greenleaf Pearson, James S. Wadsworth of Geneseo, N.Y., 1913, p. 13).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-29

Sunday 29th.

The weather exceedingly warm. Went to Meeting in the morning { 252 } and heard somebody preach a very commonplace Sermon. I could not distinctly remember who the person was. In the afternoon we had a thunder shower but without relieving the air materially. I slept during a portion of it. Evening, a short walk with Abby. Passed an extremely pleasant day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-30

Monday 30th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. Morning extremely warm. I felt so uncomfortable that I resorted to a cold bath which effectually restored me for the day. Conversed with George upon the subject of my proposed arrangement to live at Quincy. I have almost made up my mind upon the subject. Received an extremely long letter from my Father together with a remittance as generous as any of the preceding ones. His kindness to me is really gratifying. Afternoon, Executive Record, and packing up my books which are a sad trouble to me. A person should expect to be stationary for life before he indulges in a library. A thunder shower came upon us and effectually cooled the air. I went out to walk in the evening, met J. R. Otis and shortly afterwards, J. B. Joy. Did not leave them until ten o’clock.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-01

Tuesday 1st.

Arose early this morning and went down to take a bath. Found the water delicious. Returning, occupied myself very much in packing up my various little things and making the preparations for my removal. This took up the whole day and I barely escaped at six o’clock to go to Quincy. Found the family expecting me. Took a short walk with Thomas B. Adams Jr. who has returned from West Point and is now on the world as an Army Officer. The evening passed in conversation. I could not write to my father today.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-02

Wednesday. 2nd.

Arose early and occupied in arranging my things which are as yet somewhat out of order. Rode into Boston. Weather exceedingly warm. Made up for the omission of yesterday by a letter to my father this morning and read a little though not much of Kent. I then went to Medford to dine, found Abby and the family all well. In the afternoon rode with Abby to Winter Hill and drank tea with Mr. and Mrs. Everett. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham were there also. Returned in the evening, suffering under a slight headache. I am not so hardy as formerly and indigestion troubles me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-03

Thursday. 3rd.

Morning pleasant. Arose and after a conversation of a singular kind with Abby, rode into town. Morning at the Office reading Kent. I felt so much disposed to accept the invitation to Medford for tomorrow that after an arrangement with George for a supply of clothes, I decided upon going. Took a pleasant bath and wrote Executive Record until six o’clock. I feel yet in a state of disarrangement and am rather apprehensive that this will be the general consequence of my present arrangement. We shall see. Took tea at Medford and passed the evening in conversation with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-04

Friday. 4th.

Morning cold but pleasant. Passed the morning in conversation with Abby and reading the last number of the North American Review. The pleasure of quiet like this on such a day is extremely great to me who hate fuss. It is a good general principle to keep up this anniversary but to me as an individual the day brings no privileges and is consequently of little extraordinary value. Edward Brooks called at Medford in the morning with his children. I rode with Abby there in the afternoon. Found Mrs. Boott and a large part of her family there which induced us to shorten our visit and return. Quiet evening at home. Mr. Brooks went to Andover and brought down a cousin of Abby’s on a visit.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-05

Saturday. 5th.

Rode into Boston. Went to the Office and found a letter for me from my Mother in very good spirits. Her reason for not writing was the heat of the weather. Read a little of Kent and wrote an answer to her as usual on this day.1 Afternoon, Executive Record and a little of Cicero before returning to Medford. Found Abby in a little ill humour but it did not last.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-06

Sunday 6th.

This day was passed very quietly indeed. I have been obliged to wear thin shoes and silk stockings ever since Thursday as my boots had given way. This made my going to Meeting a disagreeable business, so I declined going. I read a large part of Hutchinson’s third volume of the History of Massachusetts. I think there is much reason on his { 254 } side. A stroll in the afternoon about the grounds in a fit of musing such as often occurs to me but now with more pleasure and less alloy than is usual. I believe myself on the whole in better condition at this time than I have been for years. Genl. Wadsworth of Geneseo and Son1 called. In the evening with Abby. A poor man in the employ of Mr. Brooks was discovered this evening in the Mystic river just below the bridge. Some were with him but he lost his life because they had not courage nor presence of mind.
1. CFA seems to have confused the family relationships here. James Samuel Wadsworth (1807–1864), the future Union general, was studying law in Daniel Webster’s office. His father, James Wadsworth, was not a general, while his uncle, General William Wadsworth, was a bachelor. See entry for 28 June, and note, above; Appletons’ Cyclo. Amer. Biog.; DAB; and Pearson, James S. Wadsworth, p. 13.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-07

Monday. July 7th.

Mr. Brooks rode into town with me this morning as he did also on Saturday which I forgot to mention. He treats me very kindly and if I had only a definite idea of his feelings in regard to Abby I should be perfectly satisfied. Office. Received another letter from my Mother in hardly so pleasant a tone as the last. Rode with George to Weston to see about the sale of the hay off the place. This took an amazingly long time, but sold tolerably well. I amused myself with entering into conversation with the different farmers and attempting to extract information on various rustic subjects. My return to Boston was so long delayed that I was compelled to give up the idea of Quincy for the night much to my mortification and annoyance. Remained at the Exchange Coffee House.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-08

Tuesday 8th.

Had but little agreeable rest, the accommodations were so bad and I found myself compelled to dress in my old stock of clothes, and go through the day very dirty. Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my father although I have received none from him this week, owing probably to the celebration of the fourth. Read a little of Kent. Wadsworth left us and Emerson is in the Insane Hospital so that we are now reduced to Davis and I. Afternoon, Executive Record. Rode to Quincy and found myself much rejoiced to be again quietly at my room. Took a salt water bath with my Uncle and Thomas. The water was delicious and I felt glad to regain a little of my usual neatness. Conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-09

Wednesday 9th.

Arose early and supplied the deficiency which the long continued absence of the last week had occasioned in my Journal. It is the first time it has been so long behind the proper time since I commenced this book. Rode to Boston and passed the morning in reading Kent at the Office. After a heavy shower, I went to Medford to dine, found Abby as usual. Interrupted by a visit from a certain Miss Hastings in whom I remembered an acquaintance made during a visit of my Uncle T. Johnson’s to this part of the Country five years since. I probably have the account of it in some of my books. Evening quiet with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-10

Thursday. 10th.

After passing a little while with Abby I rode into Boston. Found at the Office for me three letters, one from my father, very short merely to preserve the regular series and two from my Mother. She seems to have felt the observations of my letter of the 28th of last month much more than I had intended.1 It is difficult to deal with sensitive women. Read Kent and in the afternoon, Copied Executive Record with a short notice of Cicero. Rode to Quincy and passed the evening partly in weeding the Nursery and partly with Thomas in conversation.
1. CFA’s missing letter of 28 June apparently referred in a tone of dissatisfaction to the financial arrangements which JQA and P. C. Brooks were planning to make when his marriage took place. Calling CFA’s excessive expectations “an absolute farce,” LCA reminded her son that P. C. Brooks’ promise of a $20,000 dowry and JQA’s pledge of a yearly allowance amounting to the interest on a similar sum, plus the gift of a Boston house, were indeed generous (LCA to CFA, 3 July 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-11

Friday. 11th.

Arose early and occupied myself in weeding the Nursery and putting it in order. Went to Boston, found myself the sole tenant of the Office where five Law Students were at the commencement of the year.1 Mr. Davis was sick, as I presume. Finished the second Volume of Kent’s Commentaries from which I have scarcely derived much benefit. Afternoon, Executive Record and Cicero pro Roscio Amerino. Returned to Quincy after a violent rain which had effectually cooled the air. Looked into the Nursery and found some havoc had been made among the young sprouts, which quite discouraged me in hoping for much. The acorns were not laid quite low enough. Passed the evening with my Uncle and Cousin at Mr. George Beale’s; Miss Greenleafs, and his family. Cherries in abundance but little conversation.
1. The five were T. K. Davis, Edward Bliss Emerson, Henry W. Kinsman, James S. Wadsworth, and CFA himself.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-12

Saturday. 12th.

Arose early and engaged a short time before breakfast in the Nursery. After which I went to Boston. Received a letter from John on certain business, inclosing a Note from S.L.S. which I laid before T. Welsh.1 Nothing could be done however and I wrote a reply accordingly.2 Afterwards wrote a letter to my Mother, as usual.3 Abby, having sent me notice that she was going to dine at Winter Hill, I remained in Boston and copied Executive Record besides reading a considerable part of Cicero’s Oration, before starting to Medford. Stopped at Winter Hill, took tea and then rode with Abby to M. She was tired and fatigued and retired almost immediately. She had seen poor Smith’s corpse last week and it affected her. I am not partial to such exhibitions.
1. Both JA2’s letter and the enclosed note are missing. Possibly the latter was from Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard.
2. Missing.
3. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-13

Sunday. 13th.

Morning quite pleasant. Remained at the house and finished the third Volume of Hutchinson after which I went and strolled along the bank of the Canal for about a mile. The luxuriant beauty of the vegetation and the striking sweetness of the spot attracted me on until I became startled by the lowering appearance of the Clouds and hastened home though not quite before the shower commenced did I reach it. Afternoon at Meeting. Heard my classmate Samuel K. Lothrop preach in the pulpit. What I had long expected has happened. I have seen him as a Minister of God and a more frail one, if I know him at all, has seldom attempted to reach the throne of Grace. My reflections and reminiscences upon this subject are not pleasant. Evening in quiet conversation with Abby. My life now is perhaps as happy on the whole at this time as it ever will be. My mind has but one single cloud before it. I trust in God.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-14

Monday. 14th.

Rainy and disagreeable weather. After passing a short time with Abby I returned to Boston. Office. Did little of any utility. Read a little of Jackson’s book. Conversation with George. Political affairs seem to be reviving after our condition of despair only perhaps to sink the deeper. Afternoon at work copying Executive Record, and reading Cicero’s Oration which is one of the boldest specimens of forcible eloquence I have read. I then went to Quincy in a cold north east driz• { 257 } zling rain for which my state of dress was by no means prepared. Evening quiet at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-15

Tuesday. 15th.

The weather looked so bad this morning that I was doubting about going to Boston but as it looked more promising after breakfast I rode in. Found two letters, one from my father and the other from my Mother which paid me amply for my trouble. Wrote to the former as usual. Then passed an hour in the Common pleas. Afternoon, Executive Record and finished Cicero pro Roscio Amerino. My return to Quincy was in rain although not of that chilling kind as on yesterday. Finished Charles 12th in the evening and conversation with Thomas.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-16

Wednesday 16th.

Morning very rainy. I would not have started from Quincy had I not thought that I should be expected at Medford. The weather very disagreeable being entirely unsettled. Read a little Law but on the whole passed the morning very uncomfortably, not feeling as if I had any settled occupation. Rode to Medford at one o’clock. Passed the afternoon and evening quietly in conversation with Abby and noticed nothing remarkable to put in my Journal. The time passed pleasantly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-17

Thursday 17th.

Left Medford after passing an hour with Abby pleasantly. The weather was very unsettled as it rained occasionally throughout the day. At the office, read a portion of Sir William Jones’ Essay on the Law of Bailments.1 George was gone to Nahant. Took a salt water bath and was caught in a shower. Copied Executive Record and commenced a review of Cicero’s Oration until time to return to Quincy. Caught in another shower on the road. Evening, Peter the First of Russia by Voltaire and Conversation with Thomas.
1. Dublin, 1790.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-18

Friday. 18th.

Contrary to my intention formed yesterday, I rode into Boston this morning, Thomas B. Adams being with me, who is about to start for Portland. I am sorry he is going as I shall miss him considerably. Morning at the Office, finished Jones’ Essay on the Law of Bailments and read a little of Cruise on the Title, Mortgage. But not as much occupied as I should have been. Afternoon, Executive Record and { 258 } Cicero. The day was an extraordinarily fine one and was doubly gratifying after so much bad weather. Returned to Quincy, having a pleasant ride. Found there John Foster, a nephew of Mrs. T. B. Adams. Had some fine occupation in the Nursery this evening, it being the first in which I have had any opportunity since my coming here. Voltaire’s Peter the First and Conversation. The evening was lovely.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-19

Saturday. 19th.

Arose early this morning and commenced writing to my Mother,1 but did not finish my letter before it was time to go to Boston. The weather quite warm. Went to the Office, finished my letter but did not do much beside. At one o’clock I rode to Medford and found quite a company collected. The family and no one beside. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. neither. I was surprised and at first a little disconcerted as I had not been invited and scarcely expected it, but having recovered from that, we did tolerably well. I forgot to mention Mrs. Boott, the mother of Mrs. Edward Brooks, who though not exactly one of the family, still has some bond of union with it. Evening with Abby.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-20

Sunday. 20th.

My morning was occupied in reading Michaux and I took a short walk in the woods to gather leaves by which to judge practically of the varieties of the oak. The heat of the morning however caused me shortly to desist. In the afternoon, Abby dragged me into the service to hear a poor blind man preach, who had by accidental circumstances been landed in the town yesterday and who had no more money to carry him farther. He was a pitiable object. I was obliged to a little charity and I reflected how rarely I have been guilty of such a thing. Selfish and cold. Rode with Abby to see Edward Brooks and his wife and drink tea. Found Mrs. Boott and Miss Wells, a niece,1 there beside. I like Edward better than any of Abby’s brothers. Returned before nine.
1. Frances Boott Wells, the daughter of William Wells, who later married William Newell (Columbian Centinel, 25 April 1835).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-21

Monday. 21st.

Rode to Boston after passing a short time with Abby. Found myself in low spirits without knowing any particular cause. Found letters at the Office from my father and my mother which amused me much. { 259 } Morning wasted in very unprofitable conversation. Afternoon, Executive Record, after which in consequence of the heat I decided upon a bath and went down to see the new one at the Free Bridge for the purpose. I found it would not answer for me and so went directly to Quincy and took a refreshing bath before tea at the wharf below Mr. D. Greenleaf’s. I wanted it exceedingly. Passed a short time in the Nursery and found the Catalpas making their appearance together with many new Oaks. Evening delightful.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-22

Tuesday. 22nd.

Morning occupied in writing and reading a little of Miller’s Gardener’s Dictionary1 before going to Boston. At the Office, wrote my usual letter to father. In it, I made some inquiries as to his plans about his trees which I showed to George and he made it a pretext for insinuating things of me both unkind and entirely untrue.2 I was considerably offended. I am at times much inclined to contempt of his character and certainly felt it today but in consideration of his situation have heretofore checked it. Afternoon, Executive Record and review of the Oration for Roscius. Returned to Quincy in a violent rain and I did not escape wetting. Evening, reading Voltaire’s Peter the First and Miller.
1. JQA’s copy of Philip Miller’s Abridgement of the Gardener’s Dictionary, London, 1763, is in the Stone Library.
2. In an effort to make GWA correspond punctually, JQA had just written him: “Since my return here last October Charles has not missed writing me every week, even when he was so ill that he could scarcely hold a pen. I have been equally punctual with him. . . . Why cannot you be so too” (JQA to GWA, 10 July 1828, Adams Papers). Doubtless GWA felt both jealous of his brother and guilty.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-23

Wednesday. 23rd.

Fine morning. Occupied a short time before going to Boston in the Nursery. At the Office and the Court of Common Pleas attempting to gain a little insight into the course of practice. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. She has come into town to remain until Friday and I find the inconvenience of living out of town but I decided upon returning to Quincy rather than pass a hot and unpleasant night at the Exchange Coffee House. Passed the afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s but did not find much gratification in it. Returned to Quincy in a train of reflection which could lead to melancholy naturally. Took a bath at the Creek with John Q.1 and Joseph H. Adams, sons of my Uncle, T. B. Adams. Pleasant evening.
1. John Quincy Adams (1815–1854). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-24

Thursday 24th.

Morning in the Nursery before breakfast, and then a pleasant ride to Boston. The weather quite warm all day. Passed the greater part of the forenoon in the Court of Common Pleas listening to the course of practice. This is the last term of this Court previous to my admission. Dined at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Had some conversation with Abby but found myself in rather an unpleasant situation. If my own condition improves as it has done for the last six months for three more, it would be ridiculous folly to defer the marriage any longer. Called with her at Mrs. Dehon’s to see Miss Mary after her return from New York. Then returned with her and from thence immediately to Quincy. Took a bath in the evening and sat till sleep overcame me. Quite dull.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-25

Friday. 25th.

The weather being warm and my horse not having had a day’s rest for some time, I concluded upon remaining at Quincy the whole day. My time was mostly occupied in study. I read a large part of Cicero’s Oration for Roscius over and then took a bath at the wharf. Passed the remainder of the morning in reading some lives in the Biographia Brittanica.1 Mrs. Foster, sister of Mrs. T. B. Adams, and some of her children dined and passed the afternoon here. My College Classmate, Charles, was of the number.2 In the afternoon I read part of Voltaire’s Peter the First and passed a short time in the Nursery. The Chesnuts are at last forthcoming. Captains Morris and Patterson3 of the Navy called here in the evening. The moon was bright after the thunder shower which occurred in the afternoon, and made the piazza delightful.
1. In the Stone Library there is a set of Biographia Britannica: or, the Lives of the Most Eminent Persons Who Have Flourished in Great Britain and Ireland, from the Earliest Ages, 6 vols., London, 1747–1763. Another set owned by JA is among his books in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 28).
2. Phineas Foster, a Boston merchant, and Frances (Harrod) Foster were the parents of Charles Phineas Foster, Harvard 1825.
3. Capt. Daniel T. Patterson (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 209).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-26

Saturday. 26th.

Went to Boston expecting a cold day but it turned out one of the warmest of the season. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby and spent two hours with her. Received a short letter from my Mother inclosing one to Abby and answered it as usual. She as yet expresses no intention of coming this way. In the afternoon, rode with Abby to { 261 } Medford having intended to drink tea at Winter Hill with Mrs. Everett but found her gone to Medford with Mr. Webster where they were when we arrived. Mr. Brooks had been unwell this week and seemed in quite low spirits. Evening very warm.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-27

Sunday. 27th.

I remained at home all day today. A cold which I lately caught has affected my gums and throat again though not in so great a degree as the last time. The day was warm. I passed it as usual reading Michaux and other books upon the cultivation of Forest trees, when I was not in company with Abby. In the evening we took a short walk, the hour and scene were lovely.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-28

Monday. 28th.

Returned to town after an hour with Abby. Found another short letter from my Mother intimating pretty certainly that she would remain at home. Read a portion of the Lecture on Practice by Judge Howe, and copied Executive Record, in the afternoon, with a few sections of Cicero in review. My face and throat felt so unpleasantly that I had some idea of again going to a physician but decided upon postponing it. Returned to Quincy in the evening. Mr. and Mrs. D. Greenleaf were there. Had some conversation with Mrs. Adams upon the subject of Abby Adams’ remaining at Washington—a little sentiment. The Nursery looks well.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-29

Tuesday. 29th.

Wrote to my father as usual this morning. This makes the fortieth letter to him since last October and will probably be the last for some months. I have missed but once or twice, and have seldom been much at a loss for subject. On the whole this is a satisfactory part of the year although if I were to continue it for another, I think I should attempt some thing more. Rode to Boston and spent the morning at the office reading Judge Howe’s Lecture which was rather dull. Also wrote Executive Record and read a little of Cicero. The day was exceedingly cool. Returned to Quincy, worked a little in the Nursery, and in the evening, Conversation with Mrs. Adams.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-30

Wednesday. 30th.

Rode to Boston after reading an hour or more. Found letters from my father and my mother but not a syllable in them as to any future { 262 } arrangement. Morning at the Office occupied in reading Cruise and a part of Judge Howe’s Lecture. At one o’clock, rode to Medford, found Abby pretty well and Mr. Brooks gone to Nahant. In the afternoon we rode to Winter Hill and passed the evening. Miss Mary Buckminster was there. She is engaged to be married to my classmate S. K. Lothrop who is now preaching in Washington.1 Mr. Everett conversed a good deal upon political matters. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brooks were there also for a few minutes. On our return to Medford we found Mr. B. had got home with Judge Lyman of Northampton2 to whom I was introduced. I had seen him before but many years ago and had quite forgotten him.
1. Mary Lyman Buckminster, the daughter of Rev. Joseph Buckminster, of Portsmouth, N.H. (Columbian Centinel, 13 June 1829).
2. Levi Lyman, chief justice of the court of sessions in Hampshire county (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 30).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-31

Thursday. 31st.

After passing an hour as I usually do with Abby I rode to Boston in a shower of rain which appears to be always my fortune. The Office looked quite solitary as Mr. Davis was the only occupant of the rooms, Mr. Kinsman having gone to Haverhill. The political news from Louisiana is quite encouraging and will probably set up the party again.1 Read a little of Cruise but on the whole was not quite satisfied with the way I passed the time. Afternoon, Executive Record; a sharp hail storm visited us. Returned to Quincy, worked a little while in the Nursery and conversation in the evening.
1. The Administration ticket was reported to have won an “entire triumph” in the Louisiana state elections (Daily National Intelligencer, 31 July 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-01

Friday. August 1st.

One hour in reading and writing before going to town. Morning at the Office reading Saunders Reports.1 Called to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. I regretted it afterwards for I had but little pleasure from it. She is somewhat altered from what she was before [toward?] me, and I have moments when I cannot, though I would, be blind to their probable effects in the married state. I never ought to marry. Every step convinces me of the truth of this. My mind and feelings are not calculated for it. Afternoon, Executive Record and finished reviewing Cicero’s Oration for Roscius. Returned to Quincy driving out I. H. Adams, second son of Mrs. T. B. Adams. He is in a store in Boston. Evening quiet. Finished Peter the First.
{ 263 }
1. JA’s copy of Les reports du très erudite Edmund Saunders . . . des divers pleadings et cases en le Court del Bank le Roy en le temps del reign . . . le roy Charles le II, Savoy, 1722, is in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 222).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-02

Saturday. 2nd.

Wrote a letter to my Mother this morning before going to town, then rode into Boston. Morning at the Office reading Saunders. I was about going to Medford to dine when I came across an invitation to Mr. Webster to dine with Mr. Brooks. This made me hesitate. I had received no notice of any company being likely to be there and after much reflection determined upon declining to go until evening. The situation of a lover is rather an awkward one as it respects third persons at the house of the lady’s father. And I am daily getting a stronger repugnance to figuring in this midway sort of a character. Wrote Executive Record and read the whole of Cicero’s Oration for Archias before starting for Medford. Reached there at sunset and after many excuses and some trouble had a pleasant evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-03

Sunday. 3rd.

Remained at home during the morning reading Michaux and walking about the grounds. The weather was very pleasant. Mr. Brooks was quite unwell and I went to Meeting in his place in the afternoon. He is now at the age at which all of his family have died and he feels a little alarmed at the signs which indicate any sickness in him. He is a very estimable character and will live long, I hope, to enjoy the pleasant old age which is in prospect for him. Mr. Wallcut preached,1 a very fatiguing minister. Mr. R. D. Shepherd and his daughter called and took tea. She is a pleasant little girl. Evening passed very quietly at home.
1. Robert Folger Wallcut, Harvard 1817, graduated from the Divinity School in 1820.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-04

Monday. 4th.

Returned to Boston after passing a short time with Abby. Felt a little unwell during the night and this morning. At the Office, reading the Reports of Saunders. Nothing important and we hear little of the progress of our family although I received a letter from my Father on Saturday. Wrote the usual portion of Executive Record and reviewed the Oration for Archias before going to Quincy. A little work and conversation in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-05

Tuesday 5th.

Went to Boston rather early to be in time for the opening of the Court. Received a letter from my Mother in a tone quite low spirited. She evidently would like very much to come on but is prevented by peculiar circumstances.1 I did not write to my Father, expecting his arrival daily. The greater part of the day was passed in the Superior Court listening to the argument upon the right of the Warren Bridge Company to build their bridge and upon the propriety of issuing an Injunction to stop them. Mr. Shaw opened on the part of the Complainants, the Charles River Bridge Corporation in the Morning and Messrs. Aylwin and Fletcher went into the defence during the afternoon.2 I could not remain until the close much to my regret. But my own impression was that the defence was weak so far as I heard it. Returned to Quincy. Worked a little in the Nursery and evening with the family. Mr. G. Beale called in.
1. LCA complained that she had “neither affections nor community” at Quincy and vowed not to return there “to expose myself to a repetition of insults which beggar as I am ... I am too proud to submit to” (LCA to CFA, 30 July 1828, Adams Papers).
2. The case was that of the proprietors of Charles River Bridge v. the proprietors of Warren Bridge, et al. (6 Pickering 376; 7 Pickering 344), which was later appealed to the United States Supreme Court (11 Peters 420). The legislature of Massachusetts in 1785 had authorized the Charles River Bridge Company to build and operate a toll bridge across the Charles River but did not confer exclusive privileges upon the corporation. The charter of the Warren Bridge Company (1828) allowed the construction of another bridge only a short distance away which should be turned over to the state upon recovery of construction costs. The proprietors of the Charles River Bridge Company sued for an injunction on the ground that construction of the new bridge constituted an impairment of the obligation of contracts. Daniel Webster and Lemuel Shaw (1781–1861) appeared for the complainants, William Cushing Alwyn and Richard Fletcher (1788–1869) for the defendants. See Andrew C. McLaughlin, A Constitutional History of the United States, N.Y., 1935, p. 464; DAB, under Richard Fletcher.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-06

Wednesday. 6th.

Morning rainy and unpleasant. Rode to Boston and attended Court all the morning. Mr. Webster closed on the part of the Plaintiffs. His argument was an excellent one and to me quite conclusive, but it was not so much methodized and digested as those I have generally heard from him. Rode to Medford to dinner and passed the afternoon and evening in conversation respecting many interesting subjects which must shortly press themselves to my attention. I do not feel encouraged about them.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-07

Thursday. 7th.

Rode to Boston this morning with Mr. Brooks in my gig. Morning { 265 } at the Office reading Saunders which I find to be but a dull book. The law has become rather tedious to me. Met Abby at the Jeweller’s where she went to obtain a present for Miss Charlotte Gray whose engagement to Mr. Ignatius Sargent is just announced. Executive Record in the afternoon and finished the review of Cicero for Archias. Went to see Abby by request and found myself in a variety of engagements for tomorrow and next day. Rode out of town early in order to move my room upstairs to make way for the accommodation of my father who is now expected every day. Thomas B. and Elizabeth C. Adams had returned from Portland and I passed the evening in conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-08

Friday. 8th.

Arose very early and after dressing and taking a hurried breakfast I went into Boston. Found Abby ready to go to the Steamboat and was informed that by the absence of Mrs. Everett, she would be compelled to assume all the qualities of entertainer. The party consisted of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Johnston of Louisiana, Mr. Everett and ourselves. We met many other of our acquaintance on board. Mr. R. Peters1 and his daughters, Mrs. Gorham, Miss Carter and many others. The day was very warm and fatiguing. The quantity of fashionable company, the noise of children and the glare of light produced an excitement which had an effect very unpleasant upon the feelings. One day at Nahant is always dull, especially when you have to entertain a pretty requiring woman. Our dinner was hurried and ill served. Mr. Webster, who had come down with a Mrs. Perkins of New York,2 seemed to think it exceedingly dull and I agreed with him. After killing the time as well as we could, she having expressed a desire to go by land, we returned to Boston in a Carriage, I riding outside a portion of the way. On my arrival at B. I immediately started for Quincy, which I reached exceedingly fatigued.
1. Richard Peters (1779–1848), of Philadelphia, who was reporter of the United States Supreme Court (DAB).
2. Presumably Mrs. Cyrus W. Perkins, the wife of Webster’s old college friend and family physician, who lived at 176 Fulton Street in New York (Fuess, Webster, 1:348).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-09

Saturday. 9th.

Rode to Boston though late as I was unable immediately to recover [from] my fatigue of yesterday and as I passed a restless night. The weather again was exceedingly warm. Called upon Abby and with her and Ellen Shepherd went to see Mrs. Johnston. After a visit there, the remainder of the time was passed without much attention to any thing, { 266 } but I had no opportunity for writing to Mother. At dinner time I rode out to Winter Hill and found there assembled, Mr. and Mrs. Hale, Mr. and Miss Shepherd, Mr. Webster, Mr. G. Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Johnston, Abby and myself. The dinner was pleasant but warm. Rode to Medford with Abby being much fatigued.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-10

Sunday. 10th.

Passed the morning at home at Medford reading and amusing myself as usual. Time for a good deal of reflection upon much that has occurred during the past week. Mr. Palfrey preached and dined with us,1 and I was consequently out of civility compelled to attend Church in the afternoon. The Sermon was flowery and I was quite uncomfortable. Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. and Mr. and Mrs. Everett called in the course of the evening. I did not see the latter. Took a pleasant walk to the partings, as they are called. A certain Miss Parks, a cousin, is making a stay there.2
1. John Gorham Palfrey (1796–1881), who was later to become a close associate of CFA’s in the Conscience Whig movement, was at this time Unitarian minister of the church in Brattle Square, Boston (DAB).
2. One of the daughters of Warham Parks and Rebecca (Gorham) Parks (1765–1837), who was Abigail B. Brooks’ aunt (Wyman, The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, 1:424).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-11

Monday. 11th.

Returned to Boston though not until late as Abby was long in making up her mind to accompany me. The weather was sultry and disagreeable. I went to the Office and attempted a letter to my Mother but found it absolutely impossible to succeed with it. My feelings were unsettled as I had reason to suppose that my father had arrived at Quincy. I seized the opportunity to finish my volume of Executive Record and then went to pass an hour with Abby previous to going to Quincy. George came with me to Quincy and we found my father and John. The former looking pale and thin. We were interrupted by company and so I had scarcely any more opportunity to speak to him.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-12

Tuesday. 12th.

Morning occupied in supplying the omission occasioned by my dissipation of the preceding days. I then returned to Boston with George. The day was again exceedingly warm and I felt it much more severely than on any preceding day. Walked to Mrs. Frothingham’s twice to see Abby, wrote a short letter to my Mother,1 and feeling the { 267 } effects of exercise, I went to take a cold bath. It was pleasant but it’s effect was sudden and the fatigue of swimming, on my coming out, made evident how much strength I had lost during the past summer. Indeed I am becoming seriously apprehensive about my health. The bath restored my appetite, and I took dinner, though from utter want of appetite I had thought at first of going without. Sleep then came over me and I took a short nap at George’s Office, previous to returning to Quincy. My father looked fatigued from his day’s expedition and is very thin.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-13

Wednesday. 13th.

My sleep at times is lethargic and I find it impossible to rise quite so early as I had hoped. Besides I am entirely disarranged by the irruption of so many into my room. Rode into Boston, met Abby who was coming out to Quincy with Mrs. Dexter. Too late to turn back. Morning at the Office reading Saunders. Dined with Mr. Webster. Company, Mrs. Perkins of N.Y., Mr. and Mrs. Johnston of La., Mr. and Mrs. Everett, Mr. and Mrs. Hale, Mr. and Miss Shepherd, Mr. N. Appleton,1 Mr. J. C. Gray,2 Mr. Frothingham, Abby and myself. The dinner was a pleasant one and in better taste than any I have seen in Boston. Mr. W.’s house is really beautiful and well repays him for the expense laid upon it. Our time passed very agreeably, and at seven o’clock I took Abby to ride to Medford. The evening was pleasant and I felt uncommonly happy notwithstanding the presence of some floating clouds in my mind which portend another darkened atmosphere. I hope not.
1. Nathan Appleton (1779–1861), the Boston textile manufacturer and founder of the Suffolk banking system, who was later a Whig Congressman (DAB).
2. John Chipman Gray, Harvard 1811, a Boston lawyer (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-14

Thursday. 14th.

Returned to town, bringing Abby to Winter Hill to spend the day with Mrs. Everett. Morning at the Office, reading Saunders. The news from Louisiana is not very favourable in the latter end. In the afternoon I read the commencement of a new work upon the United States by Mr. Pitkins professing to contain an account of our civil history.1 It was interesting and contained some new views having a direct bearing upon a question which I had some time agitated in my own mind. Went to Quincy an hour earlier than usual but occupied myself in { 268 } nothing particular. Evening, conversation with father and George upon miscellaneous subjects.
1. JQA’s two copies of Timothy Pitkin’s A Political and Civil History of the United States of America, from the Year 1763 to the Close of the Administration of President Washington . . . , 2 vols., New Haven, 1828, are in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-15

Friday. 15th.

Not having any thing in particular to call me to Boston, I decided upon remaining at Quincy through the day. My time was passed in reading—a pamphlet of Governor Bernard upon the State of the Colonies, written previous to the Revolution,1 and also, some articles in the Biographia Brittanica. In the afternoon, my father and some of our family went to visit an encampment of a Boston Company now here in active service. I read the Voyage of Captain Popanilla by the author of Vivian Grey.2 Not so good but still pleasant. In the evening, the Officers of the Rangers came by invitation to drink tea, and they brought their band. Chapman of my Class is their 1st Lieutt. I was on the whole, glad to have it over.
1. Presumably Francis Bernard’s Select Letters on the Trade and Government of America, London, 1774.
2. Benjamin Disraeli, The Voyage of Captain Popanilla, London, 1828.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-16

Saturday. 16th.

Arose later than usual and had no opportunity to finish a letter to my Mother which I had commenced,1 until I reached Boston. This occupied me until quite late and I did nothing during the morning except visiting Mr. Stuart’s Gallery of Portraits which gratified me much for an hour.2 His likeness of my father is most remarkably fine, besides many others too numerous to mention. At one o’clock I rode to Medford, found Abby and the family much as usual. In the afternoon she went with me to see Mrs. Edward Brooks at Watertown. Found them as they usually may be seen, pretty much alone. Mr. and Mrs. Wells came in shortly after, her sister.3 She has engrossed the whole of her house for her own relations which is hardly a good plan. It makes her husband separate from all his old connections. We returned after tea in a cool evening.
1. Missing.
2. The distinguished painter, Gilbert Stuart, had died in Boston on 9 July 1828, leaving very little but unfinished canvases to support his widow and his four surviving daughters. For their benefit the Boston Athenaeum held an exhibit of his work, which brought together 211 of his portraits (DAB).
3. Frances Boott, like Mrs. Edward Brooks a daughter of Kirk Boott, had married William Wells Jr. in 1808 (Columbian Centinel, 7 May 1808).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-17

Sunday 17th.

Morning pleasant but cool. I remained at home during the whole day not doing a great deal of any thing, principally throwing away the time in musing upon various matters presently interesting. I read over some of Michaux but it is quite profitless. I read Mr. Everett’s Oration on the fourth of July1 and I thought as I often do of the nothingness of this world. I am a speculative man, my father was right. In the evening, I had some conversation with Abby, not of a perfectly pleasant nature but it all came out right as lover’s difficulties usually do.
1. Everett’s oration was called “The History of Liberty.” See his Orations and Speeches, 1:150–172.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-18

Monday 18th.

This day completes twenty one years of my existence. The opening stage of life has passed with me and I must abide the test of futurity by the assistance of the principles which it has given to me. Would they had been better. The future is the same impenetrable mystery which it has always been and as I step my feet off the shore, the deeper I touch, the more am I impressed with the necessity of an unlimited trust in divine assistance. Man is but a creature of necessities, his ends are the will of heaven. My own reflections are not free from care and anxiety but I can only repeat with more fervency the prayer set down in this journal at my last anniversary. Further need not be said.
Went to Boston after receiving as a birth day present a sweet little locket from Abby inclosing her hair. Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my Mother in tolerable spirits. Dined with George and John at the Exchange where they were kind enough to drink my health in a glass of Champagne. John returned with me to Quincy. In the evening my father made me a present of a thousand dollars according to his usual custom to his children on coming of age, and I took the opportunity of having some conversation with him upon my affairs which I will detail tomorrow.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-19

Tuesday. 19th.

Previous to my starting from here to go to Boston, I continued the conversation with my father which I had commenced last evening. It related to a serious consideration of my present situation and engagements. I told him that having arrived at the time which had been pointed out by him as the termination of the condition which he pro• { 270 } posed with his consent to my marriage, I thought it necessary to come to some definite understanding upon the prospect before me; I then wished to know his views respecting the support he proposed to allow me. He went, in consequence, into a long detail of his prospects and intentions and ended without saying any thing further than that my present allowance should be continued to me. I thought that his own views were not at all well digested but that is usually the way with our family. Our conversation widened until we were interrupted by strangers, upon which I went to Boston.
Morning at the Office reading Saunders without much profit. Afternoon, a few pages of Pitkin’s book. I am beginning to be dissatisfied with my way of life. Returned to Quincy, found many persons here. Mr. Isaac Smith, Mrs. Hall1 and several other ancient characters. I was glad when they were gone. The evening appeared long and I was dull.
1. Rev. Isaac Smith (1749–1829), Harvard 1767, son of AA’s uncle Isaac, was the brother of Mrs. Elizabeth (Smith) Hall. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-20

Wednesday. 20th.

Having left my keys in town, I was obliged to omit my usual occupations this morning, and in their place read part of a history of Navigation. After breakfast, went to town. Morning at the Office, not very well spent.
At the usual time I rode to Medford with Mr. Brooks in company. I took this opportunity to open the subject of my marriage and he explained his ideas and feelings with regard to the proposed arrangement. He told me that he allowed his daughter the income of twenty thousand dollars which would be twelve hundred. This united with mine will do to live tolerably well but not more. He came to nothing definite however in regard to any positive time for the marriage. It is difficult to force cautious old gentlemen out of the general phrases in which they are usually intrenched. I succeeded very well for a first effort.
On arriving at Medford, found Abby alone, her mother having gone to Concord. Passed a very pleasant afternoon and evening with her. Mrs. B. returned in the evening with her sister, Mrs. Bartlett.1
1. Mrs. George Bartlett, the former Mary Gorham, of Charlestown (Bartlett, Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family, p. 92–93).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-21

Thursday. 21st.

After passing an hour with Abby, I returned to Boston. Morning at { 271 } the Office reading a case or two in Saunders which is very loose reading and wasting much of my time in reading Newspapers. The result of the Kentucky election is still extremely doubtful and not less interesting.1 My own prospect depending somewhat upon it, I feel a little though not very anxious about it. Afternoon, Annual Register for 18262 and a little of Mr. Pitkin. Returned to Quincy. My father had been on a fishing expedition from which he returned somewhat heated. Passed the evening in conversation.
1. Early returns from Kentucky indicated that General Thomas Metcalfe, the Administration candidate for governor, was slightly leading his Jacksonian opponent (Daily National Intelligencer, 23 Aug. 1828).
2. The Annual Register; or, A View of the History, Politicks and Literature of the Year was published in London from 1758 to 1851.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-22

Friday. 22nd.

I did not go to town this morning but remained and in the morning took a bath in salt water with my father, John and Thomas. I then amused myself with reading the history of Navigation as prefixed to an old collection of voyages, and afterward some passages from a volume of Voltaire. Desiring to finish all conversation with my father, I resumed the subject. I will not detail the conversation here as perhaps it may lead to nothing, but it is very certain that my feelings were cruelly hurt, and in a manner which no subsequent kindness can remedy.1 My afternoon was spent in great pain of mind and in reflection upon what it was proper to do under the state of circumstances. I wrote a letter to my Mother to divert my thoughts,2 which succeeded but poorly, and in the evening with the family.
1. Unfortunately JQA’s diary makes no mention of this conversation, to which CFA’s thoughts so often reverted during the next six months, but from several subsequent letters it is possible to reconstruct what probably occurred. When CFA importunately demanded an increase in his allowance, so that he might be married soon, his father, about to retire from public service with scanty resources to support his expensive family, retorted hotly with a warning against extravagance and a reminder that CFA was “a beggar, living on charity.” CFA replied with harsh words, and the interview ended in mutual recriminations. See CFA to LCA, 3 Jan. 1829; JQA to CFA, 13 Jan. 1829; and CFA to JQA, 21 Jan. 1829, LbC; all in Adams Papers.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-23

Saturday 23rd.

My idea of marrying this season is reluctantly abandoned and I shall be compelled to pass another winter as I did the last. My mind is gloomy enough. I rode to town, and passed the morning at the Office, reading Saunders. Received a letter from my Mother dated on my birth day and written in her kindest and most affectionate tones. { 272 } It touched me at a moment when I was sore. It gave me a balm when all else was irritation. Her kindness is that of affection, it calls forth one’s best feelings in return. Dined at Mr. Gardiner Greene’s.1 Company large, consisting more particularly of the richest men in Boston. Lt. Govr. Winthrop, Genl. Morton, Mr. Quincy, Mr. Hubbard,2 Appleton, Joy, Parker, Ritchie,3 J. Russell,4 Mr. Brooks and others. Edmund Quincy and I did very well. After a handsome dinner, I rode to Medford in a beautiful evening.
1. Gardiner Greene, who owned much valuable Boston real estate, had a house on Tremont Street, behind which he developed “a hillside garden that was one of the wonders of the first third of the nineteenth century” (Whitehill, Boston: A Topographical History, p. 106–107).
2. Samuel Hubbard (1785–1847), the law partner of Charles Jackson, lived on Bumstead Place (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
3. William Ritchie, a merchant, who lived at 3 Cambridge Street (same).
4. Joseph Russell, who lived at 5 Park Street (same).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-24

Sunday. 24th.

This was a warm day and I was glad to keep the shelter of the house during the whole of it. Amused myself by reading large portions of Wilson’s Ornithology, the style of which pleases me, being written con amore.1 In the afternoon Sidney Brooks and his wife with her sister, and Wm. Worthington of Washington came out together in a carriage. I was surprised to see the last mentioned, the others were expected. They remained and drank tea here. Sidney looks thin and unwell. The evening and night were exceedingly warm.
1. Alexander Wilson, American Ornithology, 9 vols., Phila., 1808–1814.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-25

Monday. 25th.

I felt the heat of this day more severely than that of any other this summer. It was scorching in the midst of brick walls. Returned to Boston in the morning and passed the day mostly at the Office doing nothing. Took a cold bath but it heated me so much to return from it that I derived little benefit from it. Thomas passed much of the afternoon with me. I had intended remaining in Boston, but the heat and the impossibility of getting lodgings prevailed over the Dame Blanche.1 Rode to Quincy. Moonlight.
1. The opera by Adrien Boïeldieu (1775–1834) (Percy A. Scholes, The Oxford Companion to Music, London, 1955).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-26

Tuesday. 26th.

Rode into Boston, John being with me, the weather being exceedingly warm. Morning at the Office, but it was too warm to read any { 273 } Law, and I decided upon taking a bath. This occupied pretty much all the morning, after which I dined with John at the Exchange Coffee House. Met Lt. F. C. Hall of the Marines who amused us though at his own expence.1 He had taken rather fully of the grape. After all this was over I rode to Medford. Found Abby well and walked to the partings with her. Evening very warm, making a succession of hotter days than any this season.
1. Francis C. Hall, a second lieutenant in the marine corps (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 214).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-27

Wednesday. 27th.

This being Commencement day and my year for taking the last benefit of my education, I rode from Medford to Cambridge early in the morning. Found the town about as much crowded as usual upon similar occasions. It was the first time that I had ever proposed to go through with a day of this kind regularly. I formed in the procession as a candidate for the Master of Arts degree.1 Our Class was rather more full than I had expected to see it. There being nearly thirty, and among those present were many whom I was rather pleased to see. I had not anticipated any gratification but when we came together again among the old scenes, it brought up the remembrance of our greater or less intimacy with every individual, and I was agreeably disappointed.
We walked to the Chapel and sat through the exercises which were uncommonly clever, for College parts, after which we took our first dinner in Commons Hall. Every thing tended to remind one of College days and scenes. We then visited the rooms of two or three of the graduating class. Winthrop and Chapman. Many ladies were present and a number of our College acquaintances. The next thing was a return to town, but not before visiting the humble offering of our class to those who have left us. Poor Sheafe, I thought of him, but the past is to us as nothing. And the remembrance of him is all I am to keep for the rest of life. I drove Lothrop into Boston, and we went to take our third dinner with the Class, at the Boston Coffee House. There were but seventeen present, but among them, were Dwight, Howard and Richardson of my particular friends. Lothrop, Fisher, Prescott, Chapman, Fay, Lodge,2 Lord, Sherwin, Cole,3 Hedge, and one other whose name has escaped me, who graduated. Bellows and Davis, who belonged, but did not graduate.4 We had a pleasant time and parted late, after which I slept at the Exchange.
1. The degree of Master of Arts at Harvard was granted upon application three years after the date of the Bachelor’s degree until 1869, when it was { 274 } awarded only on examination (Harvard Quinquennial Cat., p. 131).
2. Giles Henry Lodge, Harvard 1825.
3. Jonathan Cole, Harvard 1825.
4. John N. Bellows, of Boston (Harvard Annual Cat. 1822), and Charles Henry Davis (1807–1877), the future Civil War admiral (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-28

Thursday. 28th.

I cannot bear the excitement of dissipation as I once could. This day was passed in paying the price of yesterday’s pleasure. John being himself unwell, we gave up the plan we had formed of going to Nahant, and I went to the Office where I passed a quiet day. This is the day usually devoted to Cambridge,1 but though I passed a pleasant time yesterday, my fondness for Cambridge was very transient, and I feel now very slightly disposed to a further intimacy with it. I did not dine, my system having been in a disordered state and injured very much yesterday. My spirits also having been much forced, the re-action was proportional. Returned to Quincy with John and passed the evening quietly. The President returned late.
1. The Phi Beta Kappa exhibition and the Boylston prize declamations were being held at Harvard (JQA to LCA, 24 Aug. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-29

Friday. 29th.

My languor disappeared but left me quite unwell. John was so sick as to keep his room all day. I went to Boston. The day was quite warm. Passed the morning at the office excepting a short time taken up in visiting Mrs. Sidney Brooks. Met there Abby and Mr. and Mrs. Everett but left them directly after. My spirits still in poor condition and I have become dissatisfied with my way of life without having any very great prospect of a change for the better. Returned to Quincy in the afternoon, not being able to get a room for the night, to be able to witness the representation of the French Company. The weather was warm. Retired very early.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-30

Saturday. 30th.

I remained until quite late at Quincy this morning without doing much, owing to my time being wasted in waiting for my father who rode to town in my gig with me. The weather continued quite warm and our ride being thrown into the heat of the day made it fatiguing. Called at the Office. Fisher and Richardson came in and paid me visits which took the whole of the time allowable to my stay in Boston. Called at Dr. Welsh’s for my father, and carried him with me to Medford. We found assembled the family, consisting of Edward B. { 275 } and his wife, Sidney with his, Chardon, Mr. and Mrs. Everett, Mr. Frothingham and the regular family. Mrs. F. was not able to be there owing to the production of another male animal in human shape, in other words, an infant fifth child.1 We had a pleasant day, Mrs. Everett sat next to me and was agreeable as usual. It is rather singular that those do not unite all the domestic qualities who possess the social ones in their greatest extent. The one however is acquired by habit, the other is a jewel above price. I passed the evening conversing with Abby, though in very low spirits.
1. Mrs. Frothingham had just given birth to Ward Brooks Frothingham. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-31

Sunday 31st.

My low spirits still continued, not materially decreased by the circumstances that my stomach was somewhat out of order. My father also seemed much out of spirits. The weather continued as warm as ever; I went to Meeting and heard Mr. Frothingham preach. He came from Boston in the morning and went to West Cambridge in the afternoon. His style is not energetic enough, it is the weaving of a mist, signifying little, and merely obscuring the Sun. I did not go in the afternoon nor did I occupy myself usefully. My spirits have been in but poor condition since the agitation of this question about my marriage which is more enveloped in doubt and darkness. Evening, conversation with Abby and afterwards with Mr. Brooks merely on common topics.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-01

September 1828. Monday. 1st.

Returned to town this morning with my father. The weather was exceedingly warm and our ride a hot one. Owing to the difficulty between him and myself which has destroyed all cordiality between us, conversation is rather stiff and often ceases entirely. Upon the most mature reflection that I can give, it seems to me that I have been treated in a manner which is not justifiable under any system of treatment between parent and child. My father is making the matter worse by not in some measure repairing the mischief, for on a subject like this, it is the duty of every man, whether son or father, first to respect himself. I neither can nor will consent to be treated like a child. Enough.
Morning at the Office. Called upon Richardson in the afternoon after having dined with George at Dr. Welsh’s. I passed a couple of { 276 } hours chatting with R. and then adjourned to the Exchange previous to going to the Opera. The weather was very warm but I was resolved not to lose the opportunity of seeing Der Freyschutz as performed by the French Company. The House was filled with the most fashionable society in Boston. The afterpiece called les Rendezvous Bourgeois1 was performed first, and was laughable enough. Then came Robin des Bois with which I was highly gratified. This New Orleans Company have great merit as a Company though no single individual very much excels. You are pleased to hear them because they perform in good taste. Returned to the Exchange at twelve.
1. By Nicolo Isouard.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-02

Tuesday. 2nd.

After breakfast, went to the Office much earlier than usual. Sat down to read a little of Chitty on Contracts1 but was interrupted by the entrance of Richardson and my cousin T. B. Adams who passed an hour with me. The weather has changed at last and now gives us damp and showery moments. Afternoon passed quietly at the Office looking over some of the practical parts of the law. Thomas B. Adams called at five, and rode out with me to Quincy. Found the family as usual. Mr. Frye returned from Maine. The news from my Mother is not of the pleasantest and I am afraid my letter of the 23rd has not been calculated to improve it.2 Conversation with John and Thomas in the evening.
1. Joseph Chitty Jr., A Practical Treatise on the Law of Contracts, Not under Seal, London, 1826.
2. CFA’s letter of 23 August is missing. LCA, it was reported from Washington, had “erisypelas or inflammation of the head pressing on the brain, and also on the heart” (CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 18 Sept. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-03

Wednesday 3rd.

Morning, rode to town, although the weather looked exceedingly threatening and unpleasant. At the Office, reading as usual, but determined upon going to Medford notwithstanding the rain. I rode out at dinner time and it seemed to me as if all the floods had collected to pour down upon this special occasion. I was well protected from it and so it mattered little. Found the family as usual. In the afternoon, as the weather looked rather more favourably, I went with Abby over to Winter Hill to see Mrs. Everett, and finding her well, we stopped and took tea. Mr. Felton, a young man who graduated after me at Cambridge, came in.1 He is now engaged in keeping a school at Geneseo in New York. It was rather a remarkable day for a visit of this kind but I { 277 } have seldom been at Mr. E.’s, when the family were entirely alone. Mr. E. was very pleasant and we did not return home to Medford until quite late.
1. Cornelius Conway Felton (1807–1862), Harvard 1827, was the future president of Harvard (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-04

Thursday. 4th.

Returned to Boston with Abby whom I left at Mrs. Frothingham’s, then to the Office. Found the accounts from home rather more favourable. At the Office reading, but not so profitably as I ought to have done. Afternoon, reading the speeches of Messrs. Giles and Bayard on the bill relating to the Judiciary.1 Then called at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby but found she had left town, upon which I left myself, with George. On our arrival at Quincy, we found the President had gone out on a fishing party with the gentlemen of the town. On their return they announced an unsuccessful day, on account of the violence of the wind. It was rather a singular day to attempt an expedition of the kind. I felt sleepy and retired early. John had recovered.
1. In the 1801 debate on the Federalist “judiciary reform measure” and the Jeffersonian attempts to repeal the act, Representative James Asheton Bayard, of Delaware (1767–1815), vigorously upheld the Federalist position, and William Branch Giles, of Virginia, defended the Republican view (Annals of Congress, 7 Cong., 1 sess., p. 603–627, 579–602).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-05

Friday. September 5th.

Rode to town this morning with George in my gig. Morning at the Office occupied as usual. Met with Mr. Meredith, a young man whom I knew formerly at Cambridge and who graduated some time after me.1 Dined with him at the Exchange and drank some Sherry until I began to feel it’s weight. Took a cup of Coffee to cure it and read part of Williston’s Eloquence of the United States.2 In the evening, went to the Exchange Coffee House and found my father, John and Thomas arrived to go [to] the Theatre. I joined them and we saw the French Opera of the Barber of Seville performed together with the little piece called le procès du Fandango. Rossini’s music of this Opera is to me exceedingly delightful and it was very well performed by this Orchestra. The performers did well although none of them came near those whom I saw in the Italian piece of the same name two years ago at New York. On the whole I was much delighted and returned to the Exchange well pleased, though with a tolerably severe head ache. It was after one o’clock before I slept.
1. George Augustus Meredith, Harvard 1827.
{ 278 }
2. JQA’s copy of Eloquence of the United States, ed. Ebenezer Bancroft Williston, 5 vols., Middletown, Conn., 1827, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-06

Saturday. 6th.

Breakfasted at the Exchange and morning at the Office. But I felt very much out of a proper condition to do any thing, as I had been so much excited last evening. I felt unwilling to do any thing and passed my time in doubt whether to go to Medford before dinner or not and finally decided that I would not. I accordingly dined in town and passed an hour in reading Williston’s book. After which I rode to Medford, found some Company there, and as I did not wish to see them, walked an hour or two in the garden. The family seemed disappointed at my not coming earlier. I do not know what it is that induces me to hesitate so much about this thing, but I have so much sensitiveness about worrying other people that it makes it a torment. Abby said nothing but I thought she felt it. Evening, conversation with her.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-07

Sunday. 7th.

Sidney Brooks and his wife are here on a visit, Chardon is sick with an attack of Cholera Morbus and this makes the family quite large. I remained at home all day and considering this, did little or nothing. The weather was quite warm. In the afternoon, Edward Brooks and his wife came over, and Mr. Everett, to discuss a question about Lowell. They wanted to make up a party to go to Lowell tomorrow and asked me to go, to which I consented. And so it was arranged. I had a delightfully pleasant conversation with Abby in the evening until interrupted by the arrival of my brothers George and John. This was rather surprising. They came to announce to me that my father was going to return to Washington in consequence of the continued illness of my Mother, and moreover that he expected me to accompany him when he should go, that is on Thursday next. The idea had occurred to me today that it might be advisable for me to go on this autumn, particularly as the election seemed less probable; but I had no expectation of going so soon. The thing was arranged before they left, and I understood that I was to go on Thursday.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-08

Monday 8th.

I was not deterred from the party to Lowell and accordingly after an early breakfast, we started, Abby with me in my Gig. We passed through the towns of Woburn, Billerica, Chelmsford and arrived at { 279 } Lowell before twelve. Our party consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Brooks, Abby, Miss Phillips1 and myself. Lowell is a curiosity from the circumstance that it is a new creation from what is called the American System, having risen within six years by the investment made by the rich Boston people in manufactures of printed calicoes and other cottons. The place is situated at the confluence of the Merrimack and Concord rivers. From the former, which here runs rapidly on a gradual decline, they derive their water power, not however directly but by means of a canal dug to the level of the bed of the river which diverges, and the water can be thus conducted at pleasure. It is carried round a semicircle of about a mile and a half and there falls again, into the Concord river, where it joins the Merrimack. They have thus a large extent of water power, which can also be increased at pleasure by cutting sluices at any time at right angles with the river thro’ this inclosed space. They have already four millions of dollars invested here, in the manufacture of printed cottons, of machinery for works of the kind, of jeans, and they propose shortly commencing one of carpets. In the afternoon we examined the principal works, through which Mr. Kirk Boott, the superintendant, was kind enough to lead us.2 We afterwards drank tea at his house and saw his wife, a lady-like woman. But the exertion of the day was very great and I was not a little fatigued so that I was glad to get home, and retire. My home tonight however was but a poor hotel.
1. Susan Phillips, a daughter of John Phillips and Lydia (Gorham) Phillips, Mrs. P. C. Brooks’ sister (Henry Bond, Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, Boston, 1855, 2:886).
2. Kirk Boott (1790–1837), one of the founders of Lowell, the agent of the Merrimack Manufacturing Company and its virtual “dictator” (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-09

Tuesday. 9th.

The morning found us in an unfortunate storm of rain, which displayed every prospect of a continuance throughout the day. An unpleasant incident as it made us feel a prospect of a dull day. But on the whole, we had a merry party. The ladies had a fire and sat down to work and read with the assistance of the circulating library and the gentlemen passed the morning in the Billiard Room. Our party was rather noisy and on the whole made an exceedingly lively morning. After dinner we came to the determination of abandoning our quarters, at which I was much pleased, as I was certainly not in the humour for a lonely ride which must have been my lot, had they decided to wait for clear weather. Abby went down with me and was { 280 } not at all wet owing to the direction in which we went. I seldom remember a more pleasant ride. On our return, found a report that my father had already started, which I would not believe, and a foolish Note from Harriet Welsh.1 Evening with Abby.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-10

Wednesday. 10th.

Parted from Abby for a short time. I could not increase the regret by a formal leave taking and so separated by surprise. She is dearer to me than ever, though she herself pretends now to doubt my feelings. I hope this parting will rather tend to produce an improvement in our mutual prospects, and at any rate if we are not to be married, it is an advisable step, for with her, the delay now wears upon me.
Rode to Boston and found the report true, that my father upon receiving some alarming intelligence from my Aunt Smith in relation to a terrible attack on my Mother of this same disease which she has been suffering from, had hurried off on Monday and I was expected to follow them immediately. I then occupied myself all the morning in arranging my affairs. It is peculiarly inconvenient to me to go at this time, but I must go. I paid my debts, and drove George with me to Quincy where I passed the afternoon in packing my trunk and preparing all things for my journey. We stopped to tea and found Mrs. Lunt and her son1 with Miss Whitney2 at the house. Took leave and returned to town to the Exchange where I took Supper, George being with me. My anxiety about my mother a little diminished by the favourable letters received this morning from Aunt Smith and John’s wife.3
1. Presumably the Rev. William Parsons Lunt (1805–1857), Harvard 1823, and his mother, Mary (Green) Lunt (Quincy, First Church, MS Records, p. 15–19).
2. Mary Parsons Whitney (1810–1889), who later married Richard Cranch Greenleaf. See Adams Genealogy.
3. Both missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-11

Thursday 11th.

Roused exceedingly early by the receipt of the mail, which announced to me that my Mother was a little better.1 I sat down and wrote a short Note to George2 before dressing myself to go off on my Journey. The Providence Stage started at a little after four o’clock, and we arrived at Providence in time for the Steam Boat Washington at twelve. Nothing remarkable occurred excepting one of those awkward conversations between two gentlemen in the Stage concerning the relative merits of Genl. Jackson and my father which I dislike very { 281 } much to interfere in and yet which make me feel on thorns. Luckily little was said of an offensive character as the two were administration men and they shortly discovered who I was. We started directly in the Steam Boat with a large number of passengers of whom I scarcely knew a soul. I made acquaintance with Mr. Morse of New York, a painter3 who knew me before I did him. The passage was remarkable for nothing but delay by a head wind, which retarded us two miles an hour in a trip otherwise perfectly fair. My sleep as bad as usual.
1. Letter missing.
2. Missing.
3. Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791–1872), later more famous as the inventor of the electric telegraph, had studied painting under Benjamin West in London (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-12

Friday. 12th.

The day was bright and clear and the sun rose splendidly as we were still more than sixty miles from New York. We were consequently all the morning in passing these and arrived barely at twelve. Indeed I was apprehensive that I should be compelled to wait, but by an immediate exertion on the part of the driver of a hackney coach, another gentleman and I succeeded in making good our course. The Captain was just giving the order to push off. Our hurry through Broadway was ludicrous as our hackman’s horses were not accustomed to such unusual speed. But I was saved by it a ride at Night in the Mail. We arrived in the Steamboat Bellona at New Brunswick, took Stage immediately and reached Trenton at ten to sleep. I was treated with great attention and kindness throughout.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-13

Saturday. 13th.

We were called shortly after four o’clock, to take the Steamboat for Philadelphia. The morning was clear until sunrise when a thick fog enveloped us and a wind from the South, rising to remove it, made us feel quite uncomfortably. Our boat called the Marco Bossaris, which I remember as our rival once in the Saratoga coming from Poughkeepsie two years since, was but an indifferent concern. I had no acquaintance on board, but a gentleman sought mine and discussed politics of which I was cautious. Arrived at Philadelphia. I immediately sat down and wrote a letter to Abby according to my promise, but it was in the Steamboat and without much opportunity for accommodation. Besides doing this, I had time enough to walk up Chesnut Street and buy some Peaches before the starting hour of the Steam Boat for New Castle.
{ 282 }
At twelve I was again off with a company as little known to me as any I had yet met with. The passage was marked with no incident excepting that just as I was landing, a man shook my hand and seemed glad to see me for he said he seldom saw great men. This rather amused me, for it was the first intimation of my having actually done something though I am stared at enough. In the half tipsy condition of this man, the ideas of the Father and son, in themselves perfectly distinct, had become very much confounded into one and so in saluting me, he seemed to have a notion he had come across the President himself with only a slight alteration. Indeed generally, though we live in so republican a country, people find it extremely difficult to keep entirely separated the idea of family distinction, and this creates the peculiar advantages together with the disadvantages of a situation like our’s. A bold active mind might profit by it, I feel aware that he could, and at the same time feel fully conscious of my own incapacity to do it. But enough. Our ride from New Castle to Frenchtown took the usual time and we found ourselves in the Steamboat Philadelphia about to pass a night as well as we could.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-14

Sunday 14th.

We arrived at Baltimore at about four o’clock and I dressed immediately to go up and obtain a seat in the Mail for Washington. But I found great difficulty in getting any place at all owing to the number of persons going on, and it was only by taking an outside seat in an extra stage that I managed to go on. Nothing particular happened but in travelling onward I could not help remarking how very much altered was the state of my feelings at this time from any preceding journey in this direction. My interests and associations are now fixed elsewhere and nothing but the remaining term of my father’s Presidency whether short or long gives it any kind of charm. I dressed myself upon my arrival at Gadsby’s1 and walked up to the house.
Found my Mother very much better and sitting up though still extremely weak from the great violence of her attack. Mary, my brother’s wife, very well, Abby Adams, my Aunt and Uncle Smith, my father and John very well. Those compose the family. The two last only arrived yesterday. They all treated me very kindly. I conversed with my Mother until dinner time, and after it, rode with John to my Aunt Frye’s, where they seemed quite glad to see me. But on returning I came near finishing my visit. John’s horse became restless, and I was thrown out in one of his plunges. My head was bruised and my shoulder but luckily with no further damage, which considering { 283 } my very flat and heavy fall, may be esteemed providential. I walked home and retired soon after, being in much pain.
1. Gadsby’s National Hotel, on Pennsylvania Avenue at Sixth Street (Bryan, Hist. of the National Capital, 2:61).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-15

Monday. 15th.

Arose this morning with a headache and numb feeling in my shoulder which gradually disappeared in the course of the day. I passed a large part of the morning with my Mother, who did not appear so well today. She talked a great deal with me upon indifferent subjects. I then took a walk and stopped at Johnson Hellen’s Office,1 found him alone, and talked a great deal with him upon the only subject in which he appears to feel any decided interest, the election. I talked with him, though my interest rises in that sickly kind of way which precedes immediate loathing. In the afternoon, I sat down and wrote to Abby, a long letter giving an account of every thing of interest which I could find, all of which did not amount to much, for a less interesting journey, it seems to me that I never took in my whole life.2 Our way of life here is one of luxury and strongly contrasts with mine in Boston. But I feel little or no attachment to it now, and am surprised at my own indifference. Evening with my Mother.
1. Johnson Hellen now had an office on Eleventh Street, near Pennsylvania Avenue (Washington Directory, 1830).
2. From this entry through that of 4 November, CFA’s diary is again filled with references to letters received from, or written to, his fiancée. Unless otherwise noted, all these letters are in the Adams Papers. In many ways these letters are similar to those Charles and Abigail exchanged during their earlier separation (see entry for 25 Mar. 1827, and note, above), but this time the engaged couple seemed less formal, more intimate. CFA himself was aware of the change, for he wrote Abigail: “I am obtaining that kind of easy manner by custom, which enables me to tell you the prettiest things in a natural way, without appearing to assume that ridiculous sentimental sick tone” (19 Oct. 1828). Filled with constant assurances of eternal affection, with speculations as to when their marriage could take place, and with anticipations of future happiness, the letters do not contain much noteworthy news, but they do show that this visit to the capital taught CFA two worthwhile lessons. “It has put me very much out of conceit with Washington,” he told Abigail, “and consequently reconciled me much more to Boston” (29 [i.e. 28] Sept. 1828). Second, and more important, it removed any lingering attraction that Mary C. Hellen (now Mrs. JA2) might have had for him. Now he could assure Abigail “how infinitely superior you are to my sister in law . . . the only individual who ever stood in the least in your way with me by contrast” (22 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-16

Tuesday. 16th.

Morning, arose much better. With rubbing my shoulder with spirit, I have prevented any serious consequence, but it was a serious injury and came near making my visit a pretty disagreeable one. My { 284 } Mother was much better this morning and I passed it with her, in general conversation. Afternoon, wrote a short letter to George,1 and received a long one from Abby written only the day after I left her. This gave me great pleasure and put me in good spirits for the day. I could not think of wasting all my time however and so began the Works of Burke in a copy which John has been so kind as to give me, a most acceptable present. I passed the evening with my Mother.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-17

Wednesday. 17th.

The stiffness of my shoulder is gradually disappearing. Morning occupied as usual in conversation with my Mother. She seems much better than on Monday and I now hope will rapidly recover. My way of life will probably have but little of interest for some time, as I live here in a regular course of doing nothing. This rather displeases me as I can not yet bring down my mind to a life of nothingness. In the afternoon I read a portion of Burke, consisting of his Vindication of Natural Society in the manner of Bolingbroke. He succeeds tolerably well, though sometimes he almost caricatures.
Took a short walk, and was struck with the appearance of the City. Feeling now little or no interest in the place, it seems to me more like the description which travelers give of it than it ever did before. The general indolent character of the population had often struck me, but never so much as now when I am habituated to a system of life so totally different. Indeed this year has made some strange changes in my character and disposition. I feel them more since I have had occasion to adapt them to our state of society at home. As the freshness of meeting wears off, it will become more strongly perceptible. Evening at home with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-18

Thursday. 18th.

Morning passed as usual with my Mother. She seemed tolerably well today. In the afternoon, wrote a letter to Abby which occupied me pleasantly the whole time until dinner. This took up pretty much the whole day, and I only read a few pages of Burke. John passes his time pretty much in shooting. The rest of the family in their rooms. A singular disposition among us which renders absurd any attempt at society. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-19

Friday 19th.

Morning passed with my Mother. Conversation relative to my { 285 } prospects and the situation in which my conversation with my father places me. I have not yet recovered from that and my feelings are more alienated from him than I feel entirely willing to express. It was extremely unfortunate that this thing occurred for it has had an extremely depressing effect upon my spirits. Disappointed in not having any letter from Abby. Afternoon, reading Burke, dissertation upon Taste. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-20

Saturday 20th.

Morning passed in conversation with my Mother. Spirits tolerably good. For the first time she went out and took a ride. The effort was very considerable, but on the whole she seemed to bear it as well as we could expect. I amused myself reading Burke. Paid one or two visits today. One to Mrs. Clay and one to Mrs. Rush. My object in coming here this time was not to go out at all, but I think it as well since I am here to pay this mark of respect. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-21

Sunday 21st.

I had intended to have gone to Church this morning, but happening to go to my Mother’s room, I became engaged in a conversation with her which made me pass the time without attending to it. We talked over affairs of the family of an interesting though scarcely of a pleasant description. And I discussed my own prospects without much illuminating my mind upon the subject. Thus passed the morning. I received a letter from Abby at last and it had a good effect upon my spirits during the whole day afterwards. Took a ride with my Mother who is recovering rapidly. The remainder of the day occupied in answering Abby’s letter. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-22

Monday 22nd.

Morning at home as usual. Little or nothing of interest occurring. Politics extremely uninteresting although the crisis so nearly approaches. My mother is gradually gathering strength and rides out every day. The only danger is from attempting too much. Received a letter from Richardson1 to my great surprise who tells me that he is now Attorney at Law at Newton, Mass. So things go, but by coming at this time, I lose my admission, this term of the Common Pleas. I answered his letter on my return from my ride with my Mother.2 It occupied me until dinner. My father has given me some copying by way of business. Evening with my Mother.
1. Missing.
2. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-23

Tuesday. 23rd.

Morning at home as usual, with my Mother. Conversation somewhat exhausted but her spirits seem to remain tolerably good. I begin to feel considerable inconvenience from want of exercise and my spirits by some manner of means seem to be very much depressed. Received a letter from George,1 communicating to me the result of the business instructions which I have given him. He has invested for me of the sum of one thousand dollars which my father gave me on my coming of age, four hundred and fifty dollars in six shares of the Boston Bank at seventy five dollars a share, and four hundred and twenty dollars in seven shares of the State Bank with an advance upon them of twenty one dollars as they have the dividend on. There is still a balance of more than a hundred dollars which he is seeking to invest. This was on the whole, quite satisfactory, and I felt relieved from some anxiety on this account. Went to ride with my Mother and occupied the afternoon in answering George.2 I could not get all that I have to say in one letter. Evening with my Mother.
1. Missing.
2. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-24

Wednesday. 24th.

Morning at home, but instead of going to ride with my Mother, I took a walk today. Went to see the Solar Microscope which is exhibiting here.1 The room was suffocatingly hot, and it was not worth seeing after the philosophical lecture of Mr. Farrar at Cambridge. I was glad to escape and call in at Johnson’s Office to see him. He was full of his Carpenters and building. So is my brother John. This latter gentleman seems to be making up his mind to remain here. This is certainly better for me, and it may be so for himself. Of this he ought to be and is the Judge. My own views must be different if I live. But I have again terrible spirits, about myself, which have not worried me before since the Spring. Took a walk, and on my return, read a part of Burke’s Essay on the sublime and Beautiful. Evening with the family.
1. A solar microscope, “which magnifies objects one million times their natural size,” was being shown in a house east of the Rotunda on Pennsylvania Avenue (Daily National Intelligencer, 24 Sept. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-25

Thursday. 25th.

Morning at home. Copied a small portion of the Vaughan Papers on the North Eastern Boundary.1 Little or nothing remarkable occurred. Went to ride with my Mother and passed the afternoon in { 287 } writing a letter to Abby. It is now a long time since I have heard from her and what with this, and with my situation here, I felt very much depressed. I have been troubled with a head ache for some days. In the evening, Mrs. Frye and Mrs. Smith amused the family much but I was not in the feeling of high spirits.
1. Benjamin Vaughan (1751–1835), who had been influential in promoting confidence between the American commissioners and Lord Shelburne in the peace negotiations at the end of the War for Independence, now lived at Hallowell, Maine. In 1828 he sent JQA copies of his papers relating to the definition of the Maine boundary in 1782–1783. See DAB; Benjamin Vaughan to JQA, 28 Oct. 1828, Adams Papers, enclosing volumes 2 and 3 of the letterbooks Vaughan kept during the negotiation of the Treaty of Paris.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-26

Friday. 26th.

I am satisfied that this very still method of life will never do for me. A year has produced such a change. This day produced nothing remarkable. A long expected letter from Abby which did not gratify me as much as I expected for it was rather in a complaining tone. My head ache came on very badly after my return from a ride, and grew worse until evening when I was compelled to retire, being exceedingly sick at my stomach. I therefore went to bed fearful of a lung attack and excessively depressed in mind.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-27

Saturday 27th.

Arose feeling tolerably well but had scarcely got through with breakfast when my nausea returned with some violence. And some medicine I took made me feel very poorly. Passed the larger part of the day with my Mother who did not seem so well. Rode out with her. Weather pleasant. Afternoon occupied in copying some of the Vaughan papers and evening with the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-28

Sunday 28th.

Awoke this morning feeling quite well, but the idea of sickness has so pervaded me that I cannot get rid of the impression that I am sick. Morning with my Mother. My father came in and entered into conversation respecting houses in Boston which seemed to imply some overture to me. But I did not take it as such for it seemed to me indirect and his plan which related to Quincy’s house very absurd, if he applied it to me. This house rents for eight hundred and fifty dollars, altogether larger than I desire one.1 My Mother did not ride today. Wrote a letter to Abby.2 I feel a little put out at her writing as she does. It makes correspondence tame not to answer letters im• { 288 } mediately. Evening with my Mother. Johnson Hellen dined here and we talked politics as usual with him.
1. JQA contemplated buying a house owned by Mayor Quincy in the Colonnade, one of a series of nineteen houses extending along Tremont Street, from West Street to Mason Street. CFA misunderstood his purposes, however, for the President intended it for his own use after retirement (JQA to GWA, 28 Sept. 1828; LCA to GWA, 30 [i.e. 29] Sept. 1828, Adams Papers; Whitehill, Boston: A Topographical History, p. 66).
2. CFA’s letter in the Adams Papers is erroneously dated 29 Sept.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-29

Monday. 29th.

Morning passed at home. Tolerably well, but so completely convinced that I am sick that I determined to take some more medicine. Read aloud to my Mother a portion of Irving’s Life of Columbus.1 Received two letters, one from George2 and one from Abby. The former on business, informing me that one hundred dollars more had been invested in one share of the American Bank at 3 per cent advance, for which I am to have a dividend tomorrow. Also that I might have an Office in Court Street and that he was taking measures to have me admitted. All this is good news and after my return from my ride with my Mother I answered him in full upon all these points.3 The other letter from Abby, was not less pleasant although it complained of the coldness of my first letter which very much astonished me. It put me in tolerable spirits notwithstanding. For the first time since my arrival we had company to dinner.
Mr. Duponceau and his grand-daughter from Philadelphia,4 Genl. Harrison who starts for Colombia,5 and a certain Col. Thomas,6 with Johnson Hellen formed the Company. Bernay the Cook gave us a chef d’oeuvre of science and skill in the culinary art and for my life I could not avoid indulging though I knew I should be obliged to pay for it. The evening passed as usual. I had some conversation with Johnson afterwards.
1. CFA’s copy of Washington Irving’s A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus, 3 vols., N.Y., 1828, is in the Stone Library.
2. Missing.
3. Letter missing.
4. Pierre Etienne Du Ponceau (1760–1844), who had served as a French volunteer in the American Revolution, was now a leading Philadelphia lawyer (DAB).
5. William Henry Harrison (1773–1841), the future President, had been appointed minister to Colombia on 24 May 1828 (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
6. Possibly James Thomas, of Massachusetts, formerly a colonel in the quartermaster general’s office (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-30

Tuesday. 30th.

Took some medicine today again in order to prevent any recurrence { 289 } of these bilious symptoms during my stay here. The operation of it was not severe which convinces me that there was less occasion for it than I imagined. Morning passed with my Mother who seemed much better. Nothing occurred worthy of notice. My father seems at last to be making some arrangements for removal. But as yet I find nothing definite. I feel tempted to leave this place very much were it not that my Mother would suffer so much from it. Wrote a letter to Abby which took the afternoon,1 and passed the evening quietly with my Mother.
1. CFA’s letter in the Adams Papers is erroneously dated 1 October.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-01

Wednesday. October 1st.

The weather today was cloudy with occasional showers of rain which kept us all in the house. I passed nearly the whole day in company with my Mother and endeavouring to amuse her. To this end, I read a little more of the life of Columbus to her. She seems to be recovering more rapidly. But occasionally I see a symptom which alarms me more than I wish to say, and today, she had a violent one. Received a pleasant letter from Abby who seems to desire my return almost as much as I wish it myself. I did nothing today, and this perfect vegetation of existence is terrible to me, though the course is now such as to be only in me the fulfilment of a duty.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-02

Thursday. 2nd.

My room was changed this morning and I was established on much more comfortable principles than heretofore. Morning occupied in copying the Vaughan papers. The day was exceedingly fine and I took the opportunity of calling on Krehmer in return for his visit1 and paying a visit to Mrs. Johnston. I then walked down into the town to consult my tailor, for my clothes are in rather poor condition. Afternoon and evening with my Mother in conversation.
1. George Krehmer, second secretary of the Russian legation, with whom CFA as a boy had played in St. Petersburg (Force, National Calendar, 1829, p. 240; CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 25 Sept. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-03

Friday. 3rd.

Morning fine. It was passed without any attention to any particular subject. The morning is so wasted by the late hour of breakfast and the time I pass in company with my Mother, that I have no time at all to occupy myself in any thing remarkably useful. Took a ride with her and Mary. On my return, occupied myself in writing a letter { 290 } to Abby which was not completed when dinner was announced. Mr. Williams of Baltimore dined here.1 He is District Attorney of Maryland, and a great friend to the present Government, and reported to be a man of talents, but I did not discover any thing particularly agreeable in his conversation. In the evening, I was with my Mother part of the evening and a part of it conversing with Mary.
1. Nathaniel Williams, the United States district attorney for Maryland (Force, National Calendar, 1828, p. 271).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-04

Saturday 4th.

Morning at home. Copied a good deal of the Vaughan papers before breakfast. Had an amusing and laughable conversation with Mrs. Smith and my Mother upon our prospects of which we make a laugh now at any rate. Received a letter from Abby informing me of her intention of going to pass a month at New York with her sister Fanny. I have no objection to this arrangement and have many reasons for liking it. It will have a good effect upon her to be away from home and it may prevent the repetition of importunity at a more unseasonable time. But I have a kind of apprehension attending it, that in some measure it may retard my marriage, a step which my mind is now bent upon with singular pertinacity. Rode out with my Mother, and found it late before my return, so that I did nothing before dinner and only sat conversing after it, during the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-05

Sunday. 5th.

Morning at home copying a portion of Mr. Vaughan’s Papers. The day was chill and cloudy so that I did not go out at all. I read part of Irving’s Life of Columbus aloud to my Mother. She seemed to be tolerably well. The day was extremely uninteresting in all respects. Evening in conversation with my Mother. I felt a little dull but the political prospect is rapidly closing, and certainty will soon appear. This will assist me in my arrangement about marriage very materially.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-06

Monday 6th.

Passed the morning at home. We breakfast so late now that I have an opportunity to copy some of the Vaughan papers. And the remainder of the morning, I pass in reading the Life of Columbus to my Mother. It becomes more interesting as we proceed. Took a walk today making some stop at my Tailor’s to give him some orders. The day was very fine. My mother overtook me in the Carriage and I went to ride with her. The rest of the day passed in writing to Abby { 291 } at New York. Evening with my father and Mother, engaged in a pleasant and lively conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-07

Tuesday. 7th.

Morning passed at home. Copying before breakfast and talking afterwards. Received the news of the Baltimore election and were a little depressed by it’s result.1 But I obtained a letter from Abby which was much more calculated to affect me. I do not know what has got possession of her but it seems to me as if she does not consult my feelings as much as I wish she did. My spirits are exceedingly variable and this brought them down quite low.2 I conversed on the subject with my Mother who did her best to soothe me. But I wanted much more than it was in her power to give. Took a ride with her and Mary in the little Carriage, the other having gone to be painted.
On this day, we were invited to dine with Mr. Vaughan, the English Minister, and accordingly we went at five o’clock. A very large Company. Genl. Ver Veer and his daughter from Holland on a mission to Nicaragua for the purpose of a survey of the isthmus, were the Lions. Mr. and Mrs. Huygens, daughters and son, Mr. and Mrs. Clay, Mr. and Mrs. Rush and two sons, Mr. and Mrs. Kuhn,3 Mr. and Mrs. Watkins, Mr. and Mrs. Bankhead, Genl. Harrison, and son, (a cub), Mr. Gilmor of B.,4 Mr. Brent, Wallenstein, Stackelberg, Mr. and Mrs. Johnston, and some others who may have escaped me. The dinner was as usual though not so good, and nothing remarkable occurred to me between Wallenstein and Stackelberg, excepting that I came near losing my seat. Returned soon, finding the news from Maryland much changed for the better. Evening with the family.
1. In the Baltimore elections to the Maryland House of Delegates two Jacksonians received majorities of about three hundred votes each (Daily National Intelligencer, 8 Oct. 1828).
2. To CFA’s suggestion of an early marriage Abigail replied: “If the President is reelected . . . , we will talk of being married, but though we talk it shall not take place until towards spring, not this winter” (Abigail B. Brooks to CFA, 2 Oct. 1828, Adams Papers).
3. Presumably Captain John L. Kuhn, paymaster of the marine corps, and his wife (Washington Directory, 1827).
4. Robert Gilmor, a Scottish merchant who had built up an extensive shipping business in Baltimore (DAB, 7:309).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-08

Wednesday 8th.

The days of dissipation are gone for me. The succeeding morning brings to me now, nothing but repentance. This is all new, and I cannot help feeling a sensation of regret when I reflect that the hey dey of youth, when the blood is high and the heart generous, is so soon gone with me. I have had my share of the pleasures of the senses; I { 292 } have had to make bitter atonement; and for the few hours which seem to me at this time like the gilded clouds over a setting sun, the beauty of their colours will not repay me for the shadow they cast upon futurity. But a truce with moralizing. The truth was, I felt heated and feverish in the morning after a sleepless night, and my spirits were not good. The morning passed in speculations upon the Maryland election and in conversation of a melancholy nature with my Mother. Paid a visit to Mr. Vaughan, in return for the dinner yesterday.
My father gave a dinner today to Genl. Verveer and his daughter. The Company consisted of Mr. Vaughan, Mr. and Mrs. Huygens, son and two daughters, Mr. Clay, Rush and Wirt, Mr. Montoya, Rebello, Genl. Macomb, Harrison and son, Capt. Rogers,1 Warrington, Baron Stackelberg, Col. Croghan,2 Mr. Nicholas of Virginia,3 Mr. Tayloe, Count de Menou, and others. The dinner was as handsome as usual but nothing occurred of particular interest. The remainder of the evening with the family.
1. Captain John Rodgers (1773–1828), the president of the Navy Board (DAB).
2. George Croghan (1791–1849), the inspector general of the army (DAB).
3. One of two Virginians, both named Robert Carter Nicholas, who both served in the War of 1812 (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-09

Thursday 9th.

My feelings were not much pleasanter today than they had been yesterday. After writing for a short time before breakfast, I did nothing during the remainder of the day. The morning was passed in conversation upon miscellaneous subjects and politics broached by the arrival of the mail with Maryland news of a decided and successful character.1 The government has fully sustained itself so far. Took a long ride with my Mother and Mary in the open Barouche and in the evening went to Mrs. Huygens’. Wrote a letter to Abby before dinner. It was an answer to Tuesday’s and written with as much restraint as possible. Indeed my feelings have in some measure changed since then and though still sore I have revived in hope. The party at Huygens’ was given in a room full of recollections to me. At the last party, a circumstance happened of deep interest to me and which has had a great influence on my life ever since. The company was dreary to me as I took no interest in any body there. I danced with Miss Verveer, and Matilda Pleasonton. The first out of compliment, the second for amusement. Returned at ten quite fatigued.
1. Incomplete reports from Maryland indicated that the Adams forces would have a heavy majority in the House of Delegates and allowed the prediction that nine of the state’s eleven electors would favor JQA’s reelection (Daily National Intelligencer, 9 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-10

Friday. 10th.

Copied a portion of Mr. Vaughan’s papers before breakfast which now becomes later and later. So that the morning is found to be exceedingly short. Little was done in it. I took a short walk and called at Johnson’s Office where he gave me the news of the political result in Delaware, which is quite favourable.1 Returned home. This contest is now raging with the utmost violence and it is impossible to decide in which way it will result. But our hopes are now high. Received a pretty letter from Abby, and on the whole felt in pretty good spirits. Took a long ride with my Mother and Mary and in the evening the family assembled in the circular room for the first time since my arrival here.
1. Two-thirds of the newly elected Delaware legislature was reported to be friendly to JQA (Daily National Intelligencer, 11 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-11

Saturday 11th.

Morning passed much as usual. A portion of it in copying and a part in company with the family. This is much the life of a drone, but it must be tolerated in the hope for improvement. Nothing new, excepting that the Banks in Boston have declared their dividends whereby I am benefitted. I ought to be there as my absence involves matters of much interest. George has not written me yet. Went the usual ride with the ladies and read some of Mr. Burke in the afternoon. We did not dine until late and so had a short evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-12

Sunday 12th.

Fine clear morning but colder than usual. Copied in the morning and read a little of the Life of Columbus aloud. Nothing new. Krehmer and Watkins called upon me but had little or nothing to say. Took a ride with my Mother and Mrs. Smith as Mary was quite unwell. The time for her confinement is approaching. Wrote a long letter to Abby which was not finished when the dinner bell rung. And I was afterward obliged to hurry it. Conversation with Mrs. Smith. Affairs of our family, which seems on the whole to be the most singular in the world for Hot water seems our element.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-13

Monday 13th.

Morning extremely windy and disagreeable. I did not go out of the House during the day. Occupied in copying until the mail came in when I received two letters from Abby, one from her at Boston and the other at New York. They were both extremely pleasant and the latter more especially devoted to the discussion of the matter of our marriage. { 294 } In the afternoon I sat down and answered it fully. She seems timid on the subject and not conscious how to act, and there is something which I cannot understand influencing her. Evening quietly with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-14

Tuesday. 14th.

The weather which for some days has been windy and boisterous is now settling into a clear cold, and announcing to us the approach of Winter. Morning occupied in writing. Little of any consequence has taken place of late and my Journal is more dull than usual. I feel anxious to be in Boston, and still feel a little disagreeably at the idea of the life I must lead when I get there. Time is now passing over rapidly however. I went to ride with my Mother, and found it quite cold, the Carriage being open. Afternoon passed in reading Mr. Burke and evening much as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-15

Wednesday. 15th.

Morning passed much as usual, copying a portion of the time and doing nothing more. I am ashamed to be obliged to record so often my indolent habit of life but as I am strongly in hopes it will soon cease, this is my consolation. Went out with John and Mr. Smith to the races today. This practice seems to be going out of vogue here for this was a very slender course. The riding also was quite poor, and as the day did not make exposure the most agreeable thing in the world, I was delighted to be able to return home. I then went out and took a ride with my Mother, after which, the afternoon was filled up with a letter to my friend Richardson.1 Evening at home. Bagatelle with Mrs. Smith.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-16

Thursday. 16th.

This morning passed in reading Mr. Burke on the sublime after copying a little. Found myself threatened with a head ache, and had one of my terrible fits of low spirits. Received a letter from Abby which I answered immediately. She is enjoying herself in New York. My head became so bad, I declined going to the races, but rode afterwards in an open Carriage with my Mother. The pain increased until after my return when it went off and during the rest of the day I had little or nothing of it. If I could keep my thoughts pleasantly employed and not harass my mind with the particular terms under which I suffer so much, it would be much to my advantage, this kind of life will not do.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0017

Author: CFA
DateRange: 1828-10-17 - 1829-09-05

[Titlepage]

Diary
17 October 1828
5 September 1829.
My Marriage.1
[epigraph]

“What is a man,

If his chief good, and market of his time,

Be but to sleep, and feed? a beast, no more.

Sure, he, that made us with such large discourse

Looking before, and after, gave us not

That capability and godlike reason

To rust [fust] in us unus’d.”

Hamlet.Hamlet.
1. Titlepage of D/CFA/7, from which the following entries through 3 September 1829 (ending the present volume) derive. See the descriptive listing of CFA’s MS diaries in the Introduction. CFA’s concluding date “5 September 1829” is his own error.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-17

October. 1828. Friday. 17th.

It is usual for me to moralise a little upon commencing a new Volume of my Journal but upon this occasion I feel infinitely little disposed so to do. My last Volume contains much of happiness and some misery, but on the whole it is a specimen of the best part of life. Before I can arrive at the close of my present undertaking, it is probable that my lot whether for good or for evil will have been cast. My mind is now inclined to gloomy foreboding, but I hope for the best and as is usual, rely upon divine providence for support.
The morning was passed in reading Mr. Burke on the Sublime and Beautiful, which work I finished. But it affords room for much more study than a single attentive reading. Went with Mr. Smith and John to the race ground where we saw a very prettily contested match, but it did not last long as the wind of one of the horses gave out somewhat. But it was interesting and with the beauty of the day it paid us fully { 296 } for going to see it. On returning, I paid a visit to Baron Krudener1 and walked over to see the commencement of John’s intended house.2 The remainder of the afternoon was filled up with writing to George.3 I sent him a draft on the Branch Bank for one hundred and eighty dollars which together with the balance in his hands already I want him to invest for me. Evening at home with the family.
1. The Russian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 220).
2. Located on the west side of Sixteenth Street, between I and K streets, less than two blocks north of the President’s Square (Bemis, JQA, 2:193).
3. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-18

Saturday 18th.

Morning at home. Read a portion of the Life of Columbus to my Mother. The mail brought us pretty poor News of a political character from Pennsylvania.1 Took a walk. Day lovely, met Johnson Hellen, chattered half an hour with him. Spirits very variable. Returned to take a ride with my Mother from which we did not return until late. Thomas B. Adams arrived this evening from Quincy looking well, on his way to Old Point Comfort. Passed the evening at home.
1. The Jackson ticket had received a large majority in Pennsylvania (Daily National Intelligencer, 20 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-19

Sunday 19th.

Arose quite late and had therefore but little time to copy much. After breakfast, I went to St. John’s Church and heard Dr. Beasley of Philadelphia preach.1 His Sermon did not strike me much. On my return I found an extremely pleasant letter from Abby, which I answered in the course of the day, after returning from my usual ride with my Mother.
Mr. Clay dined with us and Mr. Gales came in after dinner. We had a great deal of conversation and I never before met with so good an opportunity of seeing them in contrast. By them, I mean my father and Mr. Clay. They discussed many subjects, the Ghent treaty occasioned by Mr. Jonathan Russel’s expose lately published to injure them,2 the Seminole war, and other matters. It is needless to say that on the second subject, they differed widely,3 they have always done so. Clay has become much of an egotist owing to the constant individual pressure upon him which has contributed constantly to make himself the subject of his story, but he still has uncommon points. And no one can listen to his conversation when free and unreserved without being considerably fascinated. He sat very late and on the { 297 } whole, I consider this as one of the most fortunate occurrences of my life, by which I was admitted behind the scenes and saw these men exhibited in some of their brightest respective points. The Conversation was very animated but it rolled on so many points that although I wished it, I could not fix upon any thing sufficiently definite to commit it to paper as remarkable. Mr. Jefferson’s letter relative to my father’s course upon the Embargo, lately published,4 Mr. Lloyd’s letter about the fisheries,5 Mr. Clay’s course upon the Seminole affairs, and some remarks upon Mr. Tallmadge of New York comprised the points of conversation upon each of which there was a good deal of discussion. Evening short in consequence.
1. The Rev. Frederick Beasley, provost of the University of Pennsylvania (Desilver’s Philadelphia Directory, 1828).
2. Jonathan Russell (1771–1832), who had been one of the American commissioners at Ghent, in 1822 charged that JQA had been willing to surrender the right of free navigation on the Mississippi River to the British at the end of the War of 1812 in exchange for American control of the northeastern fisheries. JQA exposed Russell’s errors in a devastating pamphlet entitled The Duplicate Letters, the Fisheries and the Mississippi, Washington, 1822. See JQA, Writings, 7:250–335.
3. Clay and his friends had denounced Andrew Jackson’s invasion of Florida in 1818, during which he seized St. Marks and Pensacola and hanged Arbuthnot and shot Ambrister, as an unauthorized act of war, in violation of the Constitution, but JQA denied that Jackson had violated his instructions and justified his actions “by the necessities of the case and by the misconduct of the Spanish commanding officers in Florida” (Bemis, JQA, 1:315).
4. Somehow it became known that Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death had written W. B. Giles not one but two letters concerning JQA. One, supposed to be held confidential, Giles had published in 1827 in order to injure JQA’s presidential chances (see entry for 14 Sept. 1827, and note, above). At the request of Archibald Stuart, a stanch Adams supporter, Thomas J. Randolph, Jefferson’s grandson, had recently produced a copy of the other letter, which Giles had withheld because it praised JQA. Dated 25 December 1825, it related in a somewhat jumbled fashion the aged President’s recollection that JQA in 1808 had declared that the Massachusetts Federalists were “in negotiation with agents of the British government” and that repeal of the embargo was “absolutely necessary” in order to remove “temptations . . . such as might debauch many from their fidelity to the Union” (HA, New-England Federalism, p. 10–13).
5. In 1823 Senator James Lloyd of Massachusetts had appealed to President Monroe for protection of American rights in the Pacific Northwest. Replying for the President, JQA advocated upholding the American claim to the entire Columbia River basin against both Great Britain and Russia, and he announced again his noncolonization principle (Bemis, JQA, 1:514–515).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-20

Monday 20th.

Arose very late owing to the darkness of the morning. It rained very heavily for the first time since my arrival here. Detained at home all day, occupied in very little. A little of Columbus in the morning and the life of Byron in the remainder of the day. Little news of any kind. { 298 } Evening quiet with the family. The political affairs of the day are now rapidly approaching the crisis. I wish it over very heartily.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-21

Tuesday. 21st.

Morning pleasant. After copying a little, passed the morning in great indolence. Went out with Thomas B. Adams to show him some of the Lions of the City. We went to the Capitol Hill and I made a stop with him at Judge Cranch’s for him to deliver some letters. We then walked over the Capitol looking at all things that were to be seen: to me they were familiar, but I was still glad of an opportunity to look at them again, perhaps for the last time. After a considerable examination, we returned, having passed the afternoon pretty completely. After dinner Mrs. Smith, Abby Adams, Thomas and I went down to drink tea with Mrs. Frye. We found Johnson Hellen there. Mrs. Newman from Baltimore is at present on a visit to her. The evening passed quite pleasantly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-22

Wednesday 22nd.

Morning pleasant. Occupied in copying a little and find that I shall get through with the Vaughan papers during my stay here. Read some of Mr. Burke. Received a letter from Abby which was extremely pleasant and in answering it, John and Thomas interrupted me to go with them fishing. This passed the afternoon. We went to the rocks near Mrs. Frye’s and had pretty good sport. I returned and finished my regular letter to Abby notwithstanding. In the evening we had a pleasant Oyster Supper after which Thomas and I took a long walk. The night was lovely.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-23

Thursday 23rd.

Morning quite warm. This season is what they call here Indian Summer. At home reading Mr. Burke on the State of the Nation. Passed the afternoon in making an outline of a letter to Mr. Brooks. The Oyster Supper did not quite agree with me. Took a ride with my Mother. A company to dine today. Gov. Cass, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Eliot, Miss Lamb,1 Judge and Miss Cranch, Mrs. Dawes, Mr. and Mrs. Barrel, Dr. Watkins, Dr. Huntt, Mr. Persico,2 Col. Trumbull, Mr. Frye and the family. It was a singular collection but it passed off very well. I sat between Mr. Persico and Dr. Huntt.
1. Hannah Dawes Eliot, who was shortly to marry Thomas Lamb, of Boston, was accompanied by her parents and by her future sister-in-law (Columbian Centinel, 5 Nov. 1828).
2. E. Luigi Persico (1791–1860), the { 299 } Neapolitan sculptor who was engaged to execute several pieces for the Capitol (Groce and Wallace, Dict. Amer. Artists).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-24

Friday. 24th.

Morning pleasant. Passed in reading Mr. Burke and wasting much of the time. After luncheon, walked out with Thomas and paid visits to the Secretary at War and Mr. King’s Gallery of Paintings where we lounged until late. On my return, I was occupied in writing a rough draught of a letter to Mr. Brooks, but as I proceed in it, I feel less confident in my success. Extraordinary as it seems, I have a most singular feeling when I take up my pen to address him and can write nothing to please me. Evening at home, and very quiet.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-25

Saturday 25th.

Morning quite warm and pleasant. Passed a portion of it in copying Mr. Vaughan’s papers and another part in reading Mr. Burke. This with a call or two with Thomas at some of the principal houses here finished the time until luncheon, after which I took a walk and answered a letter from Abby received this morning. I felt as if I had very little fluency today and so finished only four pages, instead of the more common quantity of five. Her letter was a pleasant one, and giving me notice of her return to Boston shortly. Evening quietly at home. Thomas Hellen dined here. He looks shockingly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-26

Sunday 26th.

The weather very warm and sultry today. Went to St. John’s this morning and heard Mr. Hawley preach a Sermon. I admire the Episcopal service. If I consulted my own feelings, I would always attend the Church of that sect. It is the only one in which my feelings of devotion are excited. One feels less the want of merit in a Preacher because you feel yourself capable of partaking equally in the services. This cannot be where you must trust a man to pray for you. He may not and probably will not draw your attention. In the afternoon, I wrote and sent a letter to Mr. Brooks on the subject of my marriage.1 It is gratifying to think the thing off my mind. The result will soon come, and all I can trust to is the purity of my motives. I have done my duty as far as I can.
1. CFA’s letter was an argument against further extending his engagement. Recognizing that the combined allowances promised by JQA and by P. C. Brooks would “barely suffice to support us,” CFA stiffly reminded his prospective father-in-law that his financial prospects were not likely to improve in the immediate future, for it would be years before he earned his living at { 300 } the bar. An objection to CFA on this ground, therefore, would be “equally good for ten years as for a day.” “If it prevails,” CFA warned, “I have already frankly told Abby that our engagement must cease” (CFA to P. C. Brooks, 26 Oct. 1828, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-27

Monday 27th.

Morning passed at home. Little or nothing material occurring. I received a letter this morning from Mr. Brooks most unexpectedly, but it contained little of interest. It made me for a moment regret my having sent this letter yesterday, but on reflection, it seems to me lucky as I should perhaps have been a little diverted from my original purpose. Now, the die is cast. I read some of Burke, played Billiards with Thomas, and went down to Mr. Frye’s with Thomas and John to dine. We had a pleasant time and spent the evening playing Whist.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-28

Tuesday. 28th.

Morning at home, reading and wasting it, with the exception of a visit or two with Thomas at Mr. Huygens’ and in return to the young Mr. Rush’s.1 The weather was fine but windy. On my return I was disappointed by not receiving my usual letter from Abby. This and some little feeling of sickness contributed to make me dull the remainder of the day. My spirits are barely kept from sinking here by considerable exertion. The evening was passed at home in the usual manner without any occurrence of interest.
1. Presumably Benjamin Rush (1811–1877), the son of Richard Rush, who was attending Princeton. See Letters of Benjamin Rush, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Princeton, 1951, 2:1081.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-29

Wednesday. October 29th.

Morning beautiful. Remained at home writing and answering a letter from Abby which reached me this morning instead of yesterday occasioned by a delay in the Post. I rode afterwards to the Norfolk Steam Boat to see Thomas off to his destination at Old Point. The day was as fine as any of the most beautiful we have in this finest season of the year. On my return I finished my letter to Abi and passed the evening as usual, quietly at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-30

Thursday. 30th.

Pleasant morning. I finished the collection of Vaughan papers this morning, and have not found so much information in them as I expected. They are very prolix. After luncheon I walked to the Capitol { 301 } to examine the figures lately finished in the Tympanum of the Building. The effect of them struck me very much, and on the whole, I have the impression that the front is as beautiful a specimen of modern architecture as any in the world. The figures are large, and seem remarkably well finished, particularly the figure of Justice and the Eagle which I particularly admired. On my walk I met Horace Dawes, an old friend of mine but one whom changes of circumstances and difference of situation have separated me from for many years and will continue to do so. But I am his well-wisher still. Evening quietly at home. Col. Trumbull called and sat an hour.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0032

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-31

Friday 31st.

Arose this morning with a slight head ache which worried me for nearly the whole of the day. I remained at home and read some of a life of the late King of England which I took up to give me some idea of the facts which existed during the reign, and not from any merit in the work which is the production of a man named Scott.1 There was a dinner here today. I received and answered a pleasant letter from Abi which I answered in the afternoon previous to it. This is possibly the last dinner which I shall witness in this House. The Company consisted of Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Porter,2 Mr. Vaughan, Mrs. St. André, Baron Krudener, Mr. Bresson, Judge Anderson,3 Sir William Eden, a young English puppy,4 Mr. Baillie, Mr. Bankhead, Doyle, Ternaux a companion of Bresson on his tour, Krehmer, Orhanda, Russians, Dr. Lovell, Mr. Lovell,5 Mr. Anderson,6 Baron Lederer,7 Mr. Richardson of Baltimore8 and this family. The dinner was a beautiful specimen of the richest of luxury. And I partook of it accordingly, after which, I went with Mr. and Mrs. Smith to Mrs. Rush’s where we passed an hour not tediously though not very agreeably. We returned early.
This is the day upon which the great Presidential question which has so long agitated the Country commences to assume a definitive result. And our family are at last to cease being the eternal subjects of contention and abuse. I am rejoiced at this, and as to the general prospect, whatever it may be, I rely with great confidence in Heaven, that in any event, it will turn out for the best.
1. Robert Scott (pseud. of James Robins), The History of England during the Reign of George III, 4 vols., London, 1824.
2. Peter Buell Porter (1773–1844), had since May 1828 been the Secretary of War (DAB).
3. Joseph Anderson (1757–1837), the First Comptroller of the Treasury (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
4. Sir William Eden (b. 1803), who was to become 6th Baronet of Windle-stone Hall in 1844 (Edward Walford, The County Families of the United Kingdom, London, 1868, p. 314).
5. Dr. Joseph Lovell, the surgeon-gen• { 302 } eral, and his uncle, James Lovell, of Boston (JQA, Diary, 29 Oct. 1828).
6. Alexander Outlaw Anderson (1794–1869), the son of the First Comptroller, who later became Senator from Tennessee (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
7. The Austrian consul (Force, National Calendar, 1828, p. 285).
8. Presumably George R. Richardson, a Baltimore lawyer (Matchett’s Baltimore Directory, 1831).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-01

Saturday November 1st.

Morning dark and cloudy. I was oppressed with head ache during the morning in consequence perhaps of a little indiscretion at table yesterday. My system has lost it’s tone for rich living. I read and was delighted with the speech of Mr. Burke upon American taxation, and continued the biography of George the 3d besides a little of the life of Columbus aloud to my Mother, which it will not be in my power to finish, however, until after my return home. In the evening, I recovered and passed it as usual, in conversation, and reading and playing backgammon with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-02

Sunday. 2d.

The day extremely cloudy and heavy rain. Being the first rain of any continuance which we have had since my departure from Boston. I remained at home but did little or nothing but read. Finished a volume of Scott’s Biography of George 3d. The remainder of the time was passed in dull conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-03

Monday. 3d.

The day was extremely rainy and dark, being in some measure similar in it’s tempestuous character to the human agitation which is going on. This day closes the struggle for power which has been so long distressing the nation. It’s result is with God. I remained at home all day conversing with my Mother and the family upon indifferent su