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Browsing: Diary of Charles Francis Adams, Volume 2


Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-02

Monday. June 2nd.

Returned to Boston this morning with Chardon Brooks. This day was a repetition of last Wednesday, being what is here called Artillery Election. Owing to this I had no way of passing the morning to my { 243 } satisfaction but at last settled down in reading Mr. Brougham’s Speech upon the State of English Law.1 Afternoon. Executive Record and one of Mr. Burke’s Speeches upon American Affairs. Walk with Mr. Derby and evening, Cicero until I fell asleep and found my study useless, when I retired.
1. CFA’s copy of Henry Brougham’s Present State of the Law, Phila., 1828, is in the Boston Athenaeum.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-03

Tuesday 3rd.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in writing a letter to my father. Received one from him of a peculiar character. It treats of the political history of the late Session of Congress in a masterly and pointed manner.1 Did nothing else this morning. In the afternoon copied Executive Record and read Burke’s Speech on conciliation with the Colonies. It rained as if we had not seen any before for a long time. In the evening I went to the Theatre, and saw performed Shakespear’s Twelfth Night in a most shocking manner. The orchestra was uncommonly large and the music to Der Freyschutz,2 the afterpiece, was remarkably well performed. I never saw this piece before. The Story is strictly German with all a complication of horrors, but it requires more excellent stage management than ours to make it go off properly. The performance lasted so long that it was long after midnight before I got home.
1. JQA rejoiced that, despite the efforts of “factious opposition” to “misinterpret my meaning, and to give the most invidious colouring to sentiments of pure patriotism,” the Congress had sanctioned his policy of internal improvements by chartering the Chesapeake and Ohio canal and had “passed a tariff Bill for the protection of American Manufactures” (JQA to CFA, 28 May 1828, Adams Papers).
2. Der Freischütz, the opera by Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-04

Wednesday 4th.

Morning at the Office as usual, but spent little of the time in useful occupation. Commenced reading Kent’s Commentaries.1 Called upon Julia Gorham according to an agreement made with Abby last Monday. But I found that I only fulfilled my part of it, and as I concluded she was not in town, I found that I should remain also. Afternoon, copied Executive Record. The weather which is damp and changeable made me sleepy. My spirits low, affected by constant reflection on one painful subject. My lot must be trusted to divine providence. Anticipation of evil is useless. Evening, reading a Novel.
1. James Kent, Commentaries on American Law, 4 vols., N.Y., 1826–1830.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-05

Thursday. 5th.

Morning at the Office. Kents Commentaries. Received a short letter from Mother containing little of any thing except some ridiculous stories. This was the day fixed for the public dinner given to Mr. Webster and after much doubt I determined not to go being scarcely able to afford it.1 In consequence of this decision I made a sort of agreement to go Medford with Chardon Brooks in case his brother did not go with him. After this agreement had been made I repented of it and would have been glad to have gone to the dinner, but it was too late. His brother did go out with him and I lost both chances, about which I consoled myself with my ordinary duties.
1. Webster was under attack by the Boston shipping interests, hitherto among his strongest supporters, for having voted for the high tariff act of 1828. The public dinner, at Faneuil Hall, was designed to show that Massachusetts manufacturers, who benefited from protection, were now behind the Congressman. Webster made a long, defensive speech, explaining his course (Columbian Centinel, 7 June 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-06

Friday 6th.

Morning at the Office for a few moments. Returned to my room to drive George in a gig to Weston. The weather was cloudy and changeable but warm. We had a pleasant ride and stopped to look at the farm which father has obtained by the singular bequest of Mr. Boylston.1 It is in a miserable condition and not likely to be better in his hands. He had better part with it if he can find any purchaser. We went over the house and barns and then returned to a house two miles this side to dine. My appetite supplied the place of a good dinner and we devoured every thing that was set before us. Reached Boston before six. Evening at home.
1. See entry for 11 April, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-07

Saturday. 7th.

Morning at the Office. Mr. Webster there for the first time. Wrote a letter to my mother1 which occupied me the greater part of the time. Mr. Brooks asked me to go to Medford with him to which I consented and went accordingly to dine. The day was warm being the first of the kind this season. Found the family much as usual. Chardon and his wife in Boston, and Gorham out here. The conduct of this young man seems singular but I have not troubled myself with curiosity about him. J. Joy at tea.2 Evening quiet.
1. Missing.
2. Either Joseph Barrell Joy (1807–1833) or John Benjamin Joy (1814–1864), { 245 } both sons of Benjamin Joy, the merchant (James Richard Joy, Thomas Joy and His Descendants, N.Y., 1890, p. 85).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-08

Sunday 8th.

Fine morning. Went to Meeting and heard Mr. Stetson preach a Sermon which did not amount to much. Remained at home in the afternoon and read a little in my usual way concerning the culture of trees. After Abby returned from Meeting, I was furnished with one of Mr. Brooks’ horses and drove over with her to Winter Hill to pay Mr. Everett a visit. Mr. E. looks tolerably well. We had not been there long before Mr. and Miss Shepherd came in and then Mr. and Miss Perkins, which made quite a large party. After tea, we returned to Medford, it being the first Summer evening we have had.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-09

Monday 9th.

Mr. B. Gorham and his son breakfasted at Medford this morning, having come on horseback. Returned to Boston in the Carriage with Mr. B., Gorham and Abby. Morning at the Office reading Kent. Conversation with George. Afternoon, Executive Record after which Louis 15th by Voltaire. Took a long walk. Evening, Cicero and a Novel.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-10

Tuesday 10th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in writing a letter to my father although I received none from him as usual this week. Read some Chapters of Kent which gave me very little information and had some conversation with George. Afternoon engaged in copying Executive Record. This is fatiguing but it is a work which I engaged to do and for which I have been paid in advance. Then passed an hour in reading the age of Louis 15th. After which a walk until tea time. Finished a novel in the evening and made an abstract of Michaux on some kinds of trees.1
1. JQA’s copy of André Michaux’s The North American Sylva, 3 vols., Paris, 1819, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-11

Wednesday 11th.

Morning at the Office. Kent. Conversation with George and examination of a cargo of seeds which has been sent round from Washington. This occupied all the morning and in the next place I rode with Mr. Brooks to Medford. Found Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham at Medford but Abby had gone out which vexed me a good deal. Had { 246 } a pleasant dinner and after dinner a good deal of company. Among others, Winthrop Gray, a cousin of Abby’s, and a most disagreeable animal. Rode down with him to Mrs. Gray’s and walked up with Abby. My feelings were so strong I could not help expressing them for which I was afterwards sorry. Abby was quite sick with a headache.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-12

Thursday 12th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. Then went to Quincy with George in a Gig, going over the Neck. The Country looked well and we had a pleasant day. Our purpose was to examine the Nursery and to put down the seeds which had been sent to us. This we accomplished although the heat of the Sun made it fatiguing. My trees look remarkably well. They have all taken. The Oaks look flourishing. After some conversation and taking tea, we returned to town over Milton Hill and met the last of the heavy stone Columns for the Meeting House. It was dragged by thirty five yoke of oxen and was a tolerable load.1 Evening at my room reading Louis 15th.
1. The new Unitarian church in Quincy, begun in 1827, commonly called the Stone Temple and built in part from benefactions by JA, was nearing completion. Built of granite, it had a front pediment supported by four Doric pillars, “the shaft of each being a single block.” JA and AA, JQA and LCA are all buried under this edifice (Pattee, Old Braintree and Quincy, p. 242–244).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-13

Friday. 13th.

Morning at the Office. Agreeably surprised by finding three letters for me from home. My father, my Mother and John.1 Very amusing all of them. Read Kent’s Commentaries as usual. Afternoon, Executive Record. In consequence of some milk which I drank and heat and fatigue of yesterday I felt excessively sleepy and could not read Louis 15th although I attempted it. Took my usual walk and in the evening wrote a reply to John.2 It is so long since we have written that there is a little unavoidable stiffness.
1. The letter from JA2 is missing.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-14

Saturday. 14th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother1 which detained me at my room sometime longer than usual. Then to the Office but did not find time to do any thing. At one o’clock I left town for Winter Hill having engaged to dine there. Found Col. Miller, the Greek hero, there and did not admire him.2 Abby was there, and a certain Mr. Bourne dined there. I knew him by sight formerly. We spent the afternoon there { 247 } and returned to Medford in the evening. Mr. Everett seemed occupied in other things.
1. Missing.
2. Jonathan Peckham Miller, a Vermont soldier who had helped the Greeks fight for their independence (Harold Schwartz, Samuel Gridley Howe, Cambridge, 1956, p. 10).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-15

Sunday. 15th.

Fine Morning. The Summer is really commencing. Went to Meeting in the morning and heard Mr. Stetson deliver a tolerably indifferent Sermon. Mr. Brooks’ brother arrived from Portland and dined at the house. It is now the Season for company at Medford and consequently for trouble as I know but few of the visitors who go there. In the evening took a walk with Abby along the bank of the Canal. Miss Mary Hall at the house.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-16

Monday. 16th.

Rose early both yesterday and this day to take a walk with Abby whose health requires it. After breakfast drove over to Watertown and left her at her brother Edward’s, where I made a short stay, before returning to town. The weather was quite warm and I took a bath. Have not yet commenced the cold ones. Afternoon, Executive Record and Louis 15th. Evening, writing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-17

Tuesday. 17th.

Morning at the Office. Went into the Supreme Court to hear an argument on a motion for a new trial in the case of the Ship Panther. This vessel being under insurance for two years or until her return to Boston, fell over the Salem Railway where she put in to repair instead of coming into Boston. The Jury had found for the Plaintiff, Ellery. This was a motion because the finding of the Jury was contrary to Evidence. Mr. Saltonstall and Mr. Webster in support of the motion, Mr. C. G. Loring and Mr. Hubbard against it.1 My own impressions were with the latter party. The trial occupied all day. Evening, Bacon’s Novum Organon. Wrote and sent a letter to my father.
1. The case was that of John S. Ellery v. The New England Insurance Company (8 Pickering 13). The lawyers were Leverett Saltonstall (1783–1845), Daniel Webster, Charles Greeley Loring (1794–1868), and Samuel Hubbard (1785–1847).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-18

Wednesday. 18th.

Morning at the Office reading Kent. The weather quite warm which { 248 } in the afternoon turned to a shower. I drove to Medford at one o’clock. Found the family tolerably well, and enlarged with the presence of Chardon and his wife, again. Had some conversation with Abby which gave room for reflection. Then took a ride with her round the woods, stopping at Mrs. Hall’s, her Aunt’s, to take tea. This was a long promised visit and very well accomplished. They are people unfortunate in the world and grown rather rustic, the consequence of which is that they feel sensitive about attentions. But I prefer unassuming sense to impertinent nonsense, and so it was no exertion on my part to make this visit. Returned before ten.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-19

Thursday. 19th.

Morning pleasant. I was oppressed with a fit of dullness and low spirits. How much my temper and disposition changes by circumstances. Returned to town alone. At the Office. Found a letter from my Mother1 which was extremely dull and pained me considerably. Another from my father in a pleasant and confiding tone. He invariably intimates however his disposition to suppose me a political man, a course which only strong circumstances could induce me to pursue.2 Read Kent. Afternoon, Executive Record. Went to hear the Sheriff of the County deliver a Lecture in the Court room upon the difference in the duties of an English and an American Sheriff.3 An amusing if not useful production. The bar generally were present. It was a voluntary on his part and caused peals of laughter. In the evening, took a walk in the Mall. The weather was warm and evening very beautiful.
1. Missing.
2. JQA exhorted his son “to give a portion of your attention to these Dinner Speeches, for which ... all men in public life will henceforward be frequently taxed, and for which it will be necessary that you should be prepared” (JQA to CFA, 13 June 1828, Adams Papers).
3. The sheriff was Charles Pinkney Sumner (1776–1839), father of Charles Sumner. His lecture, read to the Suffolk county bar, was published in the American Jurist for July 1829.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-20

Friday. 20th.

Continuation of fine weather to pay us for our rainy month. Morning at the Office reading Kent’s Commentaries and examining the doctrine of Calvin’s case, in Coke’s reports and a case in Cowper, in order to reply to the last letter of my father.1 Tolerably occupied. Afternoon, Executive Record, finished my Novel and was engaged in arranging my documents of the last Session. Evening, a walk around the Common, moon very brilliant.
{ 249 }
1. To counteract CFA’s doubts as to the legal basis for the colonists’ protests against British taxation, JQA advised his son to study the famous case of Calvin v. Smith (6 Jac. banco regis, fo. 1), where it had been held that the people of Ireland were not bound by an act of the English Parliament, in which they were not represented (JQA to CFA, 13 June 1828, Adams Papers). CFA replied with a decision of Lord Mansfield, given in Henry Cowper’s Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of King’s Bench (1783), p. 208: “A country conquered by the British arms becomes . . . necessarily subject to the legislature, the parliament of Great Britain” (CFA to JQA, 24 June 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-21

Saturday. 21st.

Morning at the Office. I know not what it is which makes me so sleepy now but I find it impossible to awake before a certain time in the morning. This compels me to write my letters at the Office instead of at my room. I was otherwise very much hurried this morning in my letter to my Mother1 which was unusually short. Went into Court and listened to some Opinions. Saw George who was much distressed by a communication from Mr. Quincy of a kind very ill judged and I took some pains to counteract it. Went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s which I succeeded in on the second attempt. Dined there with Mr. and Mrs. Brooks, a Mrs. Blanchard and Abby. After dinner, rode with Abby to Watertown to see Edward Brooks and his wife. Took tea there. The situation is beautiful and they seem to live happily but they are more in themselves than almost any persons I ever saw. Little communion with others. Returned to town by nine o’clock. Pleasant evening ride.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-22

Sunday 22nd.

Arose quite late. Went up to see George at his room and found him quite recovered from his trouble. He has been re-assured this time and I hope it will be some time before he has to endure another such affair. Dined with him and spent the larger part of the day with him. De Grand called to see him and we had some conversation upon the politics of the Country. He is dissatisfied. More conversation at dinner with Thos. Welsh who exerted himself considerably. Returned to my room to write Journal and in the evening, went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. But there was a great deal of Company and it put me out of humour.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-23

Monday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office reading Kent’s Commentaries. Found them dull and myself sleepy. Heard of the death of James Perkins, the { 250 } richest man of his age in Boston.1 No loss however. After dinner, occupied in copying Executive Record, and finished Voltaire’s Louis 15th. Looked a little into the question arising out of the Revolution which is now in agitation between my father and myself and read two of Mr. Clay’s Speeches. Evening with Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Her friends Julia Gorham and Anne Carter were there.
1. James Perkins, Harvard 1809.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-24

Tuesday. 24th.

Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my father explaining my ideas upon the power of Parliament in reference to us as Colonies. Then read a little of Kent. The weather was extremely warm. After dinner, occupied myself a short time in copying Executive Record, and then went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. Passed the Afternoon with her and in the Evening went with her to Mrs. Gorham’s to see Julia. Anne Carter was there also. Returned at ten o’clock. My feelings for a few days back have been singular and unaccountable. To me Life has seemed the most indifferent thing in the world. I do not care about any thing, feel little or no interest in any thing, not even in Abby. Melancholy seems more settled and the heat has made it languid. Reflection is all of an unprofitable kind for I feel at present no interest for the future, no remembrance of the past, no notice of the present. How long it will continue, I cannot tell but hope soon that my mind will receive some stimulus which may prevent it’s stagnating in this perplexing way. It makes my attentions to Abby fatiguing though I like her better than any thing else.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-25

Wednesday. 25th.

Arose very early this morning and went into a Cold Bath at Craigie’s Bridge. The water was pleasant and I felt myself much benefitted by it. The morning was warmer than any we have had. I was at the Office a part of the time and went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Also in the afternoon but the weather had changed and it was absolutely cold. My spirits very low and they were not increased by our Meeting. Misunderstanding seems to be the order of the day with us and I parted from her to return to my room and pass a very lonely and a very unhappy evening. My spirits are in a fair way of breaking.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-26

Thursday. 26th.

It was cold and I had no object to rise early. Morning at the Office { 251 } where I accomplished a great deal of Kent. Did not go to see Abby and she went out of town. Thought much upon the subject without any profitable result. Afternoon, some Executive Record, and a Walk. Evening, commenced Cicero’s Oration for Roscius of Ameria, with which I was much pleased, and read two of Mr. Clay’s Speeches.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-27

Friday 27th.

Morning at the Office. Read a little of Kent’s book but I find I know almost as much about Law already as the book discloses. Surprised by the appearance of Richardson who has just returned from the grand tour, that is to say from New Orleans via the Falls of Niagara. I was quite glad to see him and in consideration of our meeting we agreed to dine together at the Exchange Coffee House. We had very pleasant conversation but were quite alone there. I never saw a thinner table at that house in my life. After dinner I drove out my brother George to Weston according to agreement, in order to look after the farm. After some conversation with Mr. Jones,1 the neighbour, on the subject, and making some arrangements, we returned to Boston. It was nearly ten when we arrived and the weather very damp.
1. John Jones, sometimes called “Col. Jones,” as he was lieutenant colonel of the 3d Regiment, First Brigade, Third Division of the Massachusetts Militia (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 96).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-28

Saturday. 28th.

Wrote a letter to my Mother in the morning1 which by reason of the heat and dearth of subject, consumed almost all of it. Not having received any letters from her lately, I am fearful something is the matter. Rode out at one o’clock with George to Medford to dine. Found Mr. Everett and Wadsworth2 who with the family made up the number at dinner. Abby was much hurt with my absenting myself on Thursday and treated me a little coldly. We had an explanation afterwards and I regretted the effects of a foolish pride. George went away after tea and we passed the evening in Conversation.
1. Missing.
2. Either James Wadsworth (1768–1844), the wealthy owner of the town of Geneseo, in New York, or his brother, William Wadsworth (1732–1833), a major general in the New York state militia (Henry Greenleaf Pearson, James S. Wadsworth of Geneseo, N.Y., 1913, p. 13).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-29

Sunday 29th.

The weather exceedingly warm. Went to Meeting in the morning { 252 } and heard somebody preach a very commonplace Sermon. I could not distinctly remember who the person was. In the afternoon we had a thunder shower but without relieving the air materially. I slept during a portion of it. Evening, a short walk with Abby. Passed an extremely pleasant day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0006-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-06-30

Monday 30th.

Returned to Boston with Mr. Brooks. Morning extremely warm. I felt so uncomfortable that I resorted to a cold bath which effectually restored me for the day. Conversed with George upon the subject of my proposed arrangement to live at Quincy. I have almost made up my mind upon the subject. Received an extremely long letter from my Father together with a remittance as generous as any of the preceding ones. His kindness to me is really gratifying. Afternoon, Executive Record, and packing up my books which are a sad trouble to me. A person should expect to be stationary for life before he indulges in a library. A thunder shower came upon us and effectually cooled the air. I went out to walk in the evening, met J. R. Otis and shortly afterwards, J. B. Joy. Did not leave them until ten o’clock.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-01

Tuesday 1st.

Arose early this morning and went down to take a bath. Found the water delicious. Returning, occupied myself very much in packing up my various little things and making the preparations for my removal. This took up the whole day and I barely escaped at six o’clock to go to Quincy. Found the family expecting me. Took a short walk with Thomas B. Adams Jr. who has returned from West Point and is now on the world as an Army Officer. The evening passed in conversation. I could not write to my father today.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-02

Wednesday. 2nd.

Arose early and occupied in arranging my things which are as yet somewhat out of order. Rode into Boston. Weather exceedingly warm. Made up for the omission of yesterday by a letter to my father this morning and read a little though not much of Kent. I then went to Medford to dine, found Abby and the family all well. In the afternoon rode with Abby to Winter Hill and drank tea with Mr. and Mrs. Everett. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham were there also. Returned in the evening, suffering under a slight headache. I am not so hardy as formerly and indigestion troubles me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-03

Thursday. 3rd.

Morning pleasant. Arose and after a conversation of a singular kind with Abby, rode into town. Morning at the Office reading Kent. I felt so much disposed to accept the invitation to Medford for tomorrow that after an arrangement with George for a supply of clothes, I decided upon going. Took a pleasant bath and wrote Executive Record until six o’clock. I feel yet in a state of disarrangement and am rather apprehensive that this will be the general consequence of my present arrangement. We shall see. Took tea at Medford and passed the evening in conversation with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-04

Friday. 4th.

Morning cold but pleasant. Passed the morning in conversation with Abby and reading the last number of the North American Review. The pleasure of quiet like this on such a day is extremely great to me who hate fuss. It is a good general principle to keep up this anniversary but to me as an individual the day brings no privileges and is consequently of little extraordinary value. Edward Brooks called at Medford in the morning with his children. I rode with Abby there in the afternoon. Found Mrs. Boott and a large part of her family there which induced us to shorten our visit and return. Quiet evening at home. Mr. Brooks went to Andover and brought down a cousin of Abby’s on a visit.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-05

Saturday. 5th.

Rode into Boston. Went to the Office and found a letter for me from my Mother in very good spirits. Her reason for not writing was the heat of the weather. Read a little of Kent and wrote an answer to her as usual on this day.1 Afternoon, Executive Record and a little of Cicero before returning to Medford. Found Abby in a little ill humour but it did not last.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-06

Sunday 6th.

This day was passed very quietly indeed. I have been obliged to wear thin shoes and silk stockings ever since Thursday as my boots had given way. This made my going to Meeting a disagreeable business, so I declined going. I read a large part of Hutchinson’s third volume of the History of Massachusetts. I think there is much reason on his { 254 } side. A stroll in the afternoon about the grounds in a fit of musing such as often occurs to me but now with more pleasure and less alloy than is usual. I believe myself on the whole in better condition at this time than I have been for years. Genl. Wadsworth of Geneseo and Son1 called. In the evening with Abby. A poor man in the employ of Mr. Brooks was discovered this evening in the Mystic river just below the bridge. Some were with him but he lost his life because they had not courage nor presence of mind.
1. CFA seems to have confused the family relationships here. James Samuel Wadsworth (1807–1864), the future Union general, was studying law in Daniel Webster’s office. His father, James Wadsworth, was not a general, while his uncle, General William Wadsworth, was a bachelor. See entry for 28 June, and note, above; Appletons’ Cyclo. Amer. Biog.; DAB; and Pearson, James S. Wadsworth, p. 13.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-07

Monday. July 7th.

Mr. Brooks rode into town with me this morning as he did also on Saturday which I forgot to mention. He treats me very kindly and if I had only a definite idea of his feelings in regard to Abby I should be perfectly satisfied. Office. Received another letter from my Mother in hardly so pleasant a tone as the last. Rode with George to Weston to see about the sale of the hay off the place. This took an amazingly long time, but sold tolerably well. I amused myself with entering into conversation with the different farmers and attempting to extract information on various rustic subjects. My return to Boston was so long delayed that I was compelled to give up the idea of Quincy for the night much to my mortification and annoyance. Remained at the Exchange Coffee House.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-08

Tuesday 8th.

Had but little agreeable rest, the accommodations were so bad and I found myself compelled to dress in my old stock of clothes, and go through the day very dirty. Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my father although I have received none from him this week, owing probably to the celebration of the fourth. Read a little of Kent. Wadsworth left us and Emerson is in the Insane Hospital so that we are now reduced to Davis and I. Afternoon, Executive Record. Rode to Quincy and found myself much rejoiced to be again quietly at my room. Took a salt water bath with my Uncle and Thomas. The water was delicious and I felt glad to regain a little of my usual neatness. Conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-09

Wednesday 9th.

Arose early and supplied the deficiency which the long continued absence of the last week had occasioned in my Journal. It is the first time it has been so long behind the proper time since I commenced this book. Rode to Boston and passed the morning in reading Kent at the Office. After a heavy shower, I went to Medford to dine, found Abby as usual. Interrupted by a visit from a certain Miss Hastings in whom I remembered an acquaintance made during a visit of my Uncle T. Johnson’s to this part of the Country five years since. I probably have the account of it in some of my books. Evening quiet with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-10

Thursday. 10th.

After passing a little while with Abby I rode into Boston. Found at the Office for me three letters, one from my father, very short merely to preserve the regular series and two from my Mother. She seems to have felt the observations of my letter of the 28th of last month much more than I had intended.1 It is difficult to deal with sensitive women. Read Kent and in the afternoon, Copied Executive Record with a short notice of Cicero. Rode to Quincy and passed the evening partly in weeding the Nursery and partly with Thomas in conversation.
1. CFA’s missing letter of 28 June apparently referred in a tone of dissatisfaction to the financial arrangements which JQA and P. C. Brooks were planning to make when his marriage took place. Calling CFA’s excessive expectations “an absolute farce,” LCA reminded her son that P. C. Brooks’ promise of a $20,000 dowry and JQA’s pledge of a yearly allowance amounting to the interest on a similar sum, plus the gift of a Boston house, were indeed generous (LCA to CFA, 3 July 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-11

Friday. 11th.

Arose early and occupied myself in weeding the Nursery and putting it in order. Went to Boston, found myself the sole tenant of the Office where five Law Students were at the commencement of the year.1 Mr. Davis was sick, as I presume. Finished the second Volume of Kent’s Commentaries from which I have scarcely derived much benefit. Afternoon, Executive Record and Cicero pro Roscio Amerino. Returned to Quincy after a violent rain which had effectually cooled the air. Looked into the Nursery and found some havoc had been made among the young sprouts, which quite discouraged me in hoping for much. The acorns were not laid quite low enough. Passed the evening with my Uncle and Cousin at Mr. George Beale’s; Miss Greenleafs, and his family. Cherries in abundance but little conversation.
1. The five were T. K. Davis, Edward Bliss Emerson, Henry W. Kinsman, James S. Wadsworth, and CFA himself.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-12

Saturday. 12th.

Arose early and engaged a short time before breakfast in the Nursery. After which I went to Boston. Received a letter from John on certain business, inclosing a Note from S.L.S. which I laid before T. Welsh.1 Nothing could be done however and I wrote a reply accordingly.2 Afterwards wrote a letter to my Mother, as usual.3 Abby, having sent me notice that she was going to dine at Winter Hill, I remained in Boston and copied Executive Record besides reading a considerable part of Cicero’s Oration, before starting to Medford. Stopped at Winter Hill, took tea and then rode with Abby to M. She was tired and fatigued and retired almost immediately. She had seen poor Smith’s corpse last week and it affected her. I am not partial to such exhibitions.
1. Both JA2’s letter and the enclosed note are missing. Possibly the latter was from Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard.
2. Missing.
3. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-13

Sunday. 13th.

Morning quite pleasant. Remained at the house and finished the third Volume of Hutchinson after which I went and strolled along the bank of the Canal for about a mile. The luxuriant beauty of the vegetation and the striking sweetness of the spot attracted me on until I became startled by the lowering appearance of the Clouds and hastened home though not quite before the shower commenced did I reach it. Afternoon at Meeting. Heard my classmate Samuel K. Lothrop preach in the pulpit. What I had long expected has happened. I have seen him as a Minister of God and a more frail one, if I know him at all, has seldom attempted to reach the throne of Grace. My reflections and reminiscences upon this subject are not pleasant. Evening in quiet conversation with Abby. My life now is perhaps as happy on the whole at this time as it ever will be. My mind has but one single cloud before it. I trust in God.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-14

Monday. 14th.

Rainy and disagreeable weather. After passing a short time with Abby I returned to Boston. Office. Did little of any utility. Read a little of Jackson’s book. Conversation with George. Political affairs seem to be reviving after our condition of despair only perhaps to sink the deeper. Afternoon at work copying Executive Record, and reading Cicero’s Oration which is one of the boldest specimens of forcible eloquence I have read. I then went to Quincy in a cold north east driz• { 257 } zling rain for which my state of dress was by no means prepared. Evening quiet at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-15

Tuesday. 15th.

The weather looked so bad this morning that I was doubting about going to Boston but as it looked more promising after breakfast I rode in. Found two letters, one from my father and the other from my Mother which paid me amply for my trouble. Wrote to the former as usual. Then passed an hour in the Common pleas. Afternoon, Executive Record and finished Cicero pro Roscio Amerino. My return to Quincy was in rain although not of that chilling kind as on yesterday. Finished Charles 12th in the evening and conversation with Thomas.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-16

Wednesday 16th.

Morning very rainy. I would not have started from Quincy had I not thought that I should be expected at Medford. The weather very disagreeable being entirely unsettled. Read a little Law but on the whole passed the morning very uncomfortably, not feeling as if I had any settled occupation. Rode to Medford at one o’clock. Passed the afternoon and evening quietly in conversation with Abby and noticed nothing remarkable to put in my Journal. The time passed pleasantly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-17

Thursday 17th.

Left Medford after passing an hour with Abby pleasantly. The weather was very unsettled as it rained occasionally throughout the day. At the office, read a portion of Sir William Jones’ Essay on the Law of Bailments.1 George was gone to Nahant. Took a salt water bath and was caught in a shower. Copied Executive Record and commenced a review of Cicero’s Oration until time to return to Quincy. Caught in another shower on the road. Evening, Peter the First of Russia by Voltaire and Conversation with Thomas.
1. Dublin, 1790.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-18

Friday. 18th.

Contrary to my intention formed yesterday, I rode into Boston this morning, Thomas B. Adams being with me, who is about to start for Portland. I am sorry he is going as I shall miss him considerably. Morning at the Office, finished Jones’ Essay on the Law of Bailments and read a little of Cruise on the Title, Mortgage. But not as much occupied as I should have been. Afternoon, Executive Record and { 258 } Cicero. The day was an extraordinarily fine one and was doubly gratifying after so much bad weather. Returned to Quincy, having a pleasant ride. Found there John Foster, a nephew of Mrs. T. B. Adams. Had some fine occupation in the Nursery this evening, it being the first in which I have had any opportunity since my coming here. Voltaire’s Peter the First and Conversation. The evening was lovely.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-19

Saturday. 19th.

Arose early this morning and commenced writing to my Mother,1 but did not finish my letter before it was time to go to Boston. The weather quite warm. Went to the Office, finished my letter but did not do much beside. At one o’clock I rode to Medford and found quite a company collected. The family and no one beside. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. neither. I was surprised and at first a little disconcerted as I had not been invited and scarcely expected it, but having recovered from that, we did tolerably well. I forgot to mention Mrs. Boott, the mother of Mrs. Edward Brooks, who though not exactly one of the family, still has some bond of union with it. Evening with Abby.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-20

Sunday. 20th.

My morning was occupied in reading Michaux and I took a short walk in the woods to gather leaves by which to judge practically of the varieties of the oak. The heat of the morning however caused me shortly to desist. In the afternoon, Abby dragged me into the service to hear a poor blind man preach, who had by accidental circumstances been landed in the town yesterday and who had no more money to carry him farther. He was a pitiable object. I was obliged to a little charity and I reflected how rarely I have been guilty of such a thing. Selfish and cold. Rode with Abby to see Edward Brooks and his wife and drink tea. Found Mrs. Boott and Miss Wells, a niece,1 there beside. I like Edward better than any of Abby’s brothers. Returned before nine.
1. Frances Boott Wells, the daughter of William Wells, who later married William Newell (Columbian Centinel, 25 April 1835).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-21

Monday. 21st.

Rode to Boston after passing a short time with Abby. Found myself in low spirits without knowing any particular cause. Found letters at the Office from my father and my mother which amused me much. { 259 } Morning wasted in very unprofitable conversation. Afternoon, Executive Record, after which in consequence of the heat I decided upon a bath and went down to see the new one at the Free Bridge for the purpose. I found it would not answer for me and so went directly to Quincy and took a refreshing bath before tea at the wharf below Mr. D. Greenleaf’s. I wanted it exceedingly. Passed a short time in the Nursery and found the Catalpas making their appearance together with many new Oaks. Evening delightful.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-22

Tuesday. 22nd.

Morning occupied in writing and reading a little of Miller’s Gardener’s Dictionary1 before going to Boston. At the Office, wrote my usual letter to father. In it, I made some inquiries as to his plans about his trees which I showed to George and he made it a pretext for insinuating things of me both unkind and entirely untrue.2 I was considerably offended. I am at times much inclined to contempt of his character and certainly felt it today but in consideration of his situation have heretofore checked it. Afternoon, Executive Record and review of the Oration for Roscius. Returned to Quincy in a violent rain and I did not escape wetting. Evening, reading Voltaire’s Peter the First and Miller.
1. JQA’s copy of Philip Miller’s Abridgement of the Gardener’s Dictionary, London, 1763, is in the Stone Library.
2. In an effort to make GWA correspond punctually, JQA had just written him: “Since my return here last October Charles has not missed writing me every week, even when he was so ill that he could scarcely hold a pen. I have been equally punctual with him. . . . Why cannot you be so too” (JQA to GWA, 10 July 1828, Adams Papers). Doubtless GWA felt both jealous of his brother and guilty.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-23

Wednesday. 23rd.

Fine morning. Occupied a short time before going to Boston in the Nursery. At the Office and the Court of Common Pleas attempting to gain a little insight into the course of practice. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby. She has come into town to remain until Friday and I find the inconvenience of living out of town but I decided upon returning to Quincy rather than pass a hot and unpleasant night at the Exchange Coffee House. Passed the afternoon at Mrs. Frothingham’s but did not find much gratification in it. Returned to Quincy in a train of reflection which could lead to melancholy naturally. Took a bath at the Creek with John Q.1 and Joseph H. Adams, sons of my Uncle, T. B. Adams. Pleasant evening.
1. John Quincy Adams (1815–1854). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-24

Thursday 24th.

Morning in the Nursery before breakfast, and then a pleasant ride to Boston. The weather quite warm all day. Passed the greater part of the forenoon in the Court of Common Pleas listening to the course of practice. This is the last term of this Court previous to my admission. Dined at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Had some conversation with Abby but found myself in rather an unpleasant situation. If my own condition improves as it has done for the last six months for three more, it would be ridiculous folly to defer the marriage any longer. Called with her at Mrs. Dehon’s to see Miss Mary after her return from New York. Then returned with her and from thence immediately to Quincy. Took a bath in the evening and sat till sleep overcame me. Quite dull.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-25

Friday. 25th.

The weather being warm and my horse not having had a day’s rest for some time, I concluded upon remaining at Quincy the whole day. My time was mostly occupied in study. I read a large part of Cicero’s Oration for Roscius over and then took a bath at the wharf. Passed the remainder of the morning in reading some lives in the Biographia Brittanica.1 Mrs. Foster, sister of Mrs. T. B. Adams, and some of her children dined and passed the afternoon here. My College Classmate, Charles, was of the number.2 In the afternoon I read part of Voltaire’s Peter the First and passed a short time in the Nursery. The Chesnuts are at last forthcoming. Captains Morris and Patterson3 of the Navy called here in the evening. The moon was bright after the thunder shower which occurred in the afternoon, and made the piazza delightful.
1. In the Stone Library there is a set of Biographia Britannica: or, the Lives of the Most Eminent Persons Who Have Flourished in Great Britain and Ireland, from the Earliest Ages, 6 vols., London, 1747–1763. Another set owned by JA is among his books in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 28).
2. Phineas Foster, a Boston merchant, and Frances (Harrod) Foster were the parents of Charles Phineas Foster, Harvard 1825.
3. Capt. Daniel T. Patterson (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 209).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-26

Saturday. 26th.

Went to Boston expecting a cold day but it turned out one of the warmest of the season. Went to Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby and spent two hours with her. Received a short letter from my Mother inclosing one to Abby and answered it as usual. She as yet expresses no intention of coming this way. In the afternoon, rode with Abby to { 261 } Medford having intended to drink tea at Winter Hill with Mrs. Everett but found her gone to Medford with Mr. Webster where they were when we arrived. Mr. Brooks had been unwell this week and seemed in quite low spirits. Evening very warm.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-27

Sunday. 27th.

I remained at home all day today. A cold which I lately caught has affected my gums and throat again though not in so great a degree as the last time. The day was warm. I passed it as usual reading Michaux and other books upon the cultivation of Forest trees, when I was not in company with Abby. In the evening we took a short walk, the hour and scene were lovely.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-28

Monday. 28th.

Returned to town after an hour with Abby. Found another short letter from my Mother intimating pretty certainly that she would remain at home. Read a portion of the Lecture on Practice by Judge Howe, and copied Executive Record, in the afternoon, with a few sections of Cicero in review. My face and throat felt so unpleasantly that I had some idea of again going to a physician but decided upon postponing it. Returned to Quincy in the evening. Mr. and Mrs. D. Greenleaf were there. Had some conversation with Mrs. Adams upon the subject of Abby Adams’ remaining at Washington—a little sentiment. The Nursery looks well.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-29

Tuesday. 29th.

Wrote to my father as usual this morning. This makes the fortieth letter to him since last October and will probably be the last for some months. I have missed but once or twice, and have seldom been much at a loss for subject. On the whole this is a satisfactory part of the year although if I were to continue it for another, I think I should attempt some thing more. Rode to Boston and spent the morning at the office reading Judge Howe’s Lecture which was rather dull. Also wrote Executive Record and read a little of Cicero. The day was exceedingly cool. Returned to Quincy, worked a little in the Nursery, and in the evening, Conversation with Mrs. Adams.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-30

Wednesday. 30th.

Rode to Boston after reading an hour or more. Found letters from my father and my mother but not a syllable in them as to any future { 262 } arrangement. Morning at the Office occupied in reading Cruise and a part of Judge Howe’s Lecture. At one o’clock, rode to Medford, found Abby pretty well and Mr. Brooks gone to Nahant. In the afternoon we rode to Winter Hill and passed the evening. Miss Mary Buckminster was there. She is engaged to be married to my classmate S. K. Lothrop who is now preaching in Washington.1 Mr. Everett conversed a good deal upon political matters. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brooks were there also for a few minutes. On our return to Medford we found Mr. B. had got home with Judge Lyman of Northampton2 to whom I was introduced. I had seen him before but many years ago and had quite forgotten him.
1. Mary Lyman Buckminster, the daughter of Rev. Joseph Buckminster, of Portsmouth, N.H. (Columbian Centinel, 13 June 1829).
2. Levi Lyman, chief justice of the court of sessions in Hampshire county (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 30).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0007-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-07-31

Thursday. 31st.

After passing an hour as I usually do with Abby I rode to Boston in a shower of rain which appears to be always my fortune. The Office looked quite solitary as Mr. Davis was the only occupant of the rooms, Mr. Kinsman having gone to Haverhill. The political news from Louisiana is quite encouraging and will probably set up the party again.1 Read a little of Cruise but on the whole was not quite satisfied with the way I passed the time. Afternoon, Executive Record; a sharp hail storm visited us. Returned to Quincy, worked a little while in the Nursery and conversation in the evening.
1. The Administration ticket was reported to have won an “entire triumph” in the Louisiana state elections (Daily National Intelligencer, 31 July 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-01

Friday. August 1st.

One hour in reading and writing before going to town. Morning at the Office reading Saunders Reports.1 Called to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. I regretted it afterwards for I had but little pleasure from it. She is somewhat altered from what she was before [toward?] me, and I have moments when I cannot, though I would, be blind to their probable effects in the married state. I never ought to marry. Every step convinces me of the truth of this. My mind and feelings are not calculated for it. Afternoon, Executive Record and finished reviewing Cicero’s Oration for Roscius. Returned to Quincy driving out I. H. Adams, second son of Mrs. T. B. Adams. He is in a store in Boston. Evening quiet. Finished Peter the First.
{ 263 }
1. JA’s copy of Les reports du très erudite Edmund Saunders . . . des divers pleadings et cases en le Court del Bank le Roy en le temps del reign . . . le roy Charles le II, Savoy, 1722, is in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 222).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-02

Saturday. 2nd.

Wrote a letter to my Mother this morning before going to town, then rode into Boston. Morning at the Office reading Saunders. I was about going to Medford to dine when I came across an invitation to Mr. Webster to dine with Mr. Brooks. This made me hesitate. I had received no notice of any company being likely to be there and after much reflection determined upon declining to go until evening. The situation of a lover is rather an awkward one as it respects third persons at the house of the lady’s father. And I am daily getting a stronger repugnance to figuring in this midway sort of a character. Wrote Executive Record and read the whole of Cicero’s Oration for Archias before starting for Medford. Reached there at sunset and after many excuses and some trouble had a pleasant evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-03

Sunday. 3rd.

Remained at home during the morning reading Michaux and walking about the grounds. The weather was very pleasant. Mr. Brooks was quite unwell and I went to Meeting in his place in the afternoon. He is now at the age at which all of his family have died and he feels a little alarmed at the signs which indicate any sickness in him. He is a very estimable character and will live long, I hope, to enjoy the pleasant old age which is in prospect for him. Mr. Wallcut preached,1 a very fatiguing minister. Mr. R. D. Shepherd and his daughter called and took tea. She is a pleasant little girl. Evening passed very quietly at home.
1. Robert Folger Wallcut, Harvard 1817, graduated from the Divinity School in 1820.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-04

Monday. 4th.

Returned to Boston after passing a short time with Abby. Felt a little unwell during the night and this morning. At the Office, reading the Reports of Saunders. Nothing important and we hear little of the progress of our family although I received a letter from my Father on Saturday. Wrote the usual portion of Executive Record and reviewed the Oration for Archias before going to Quincy. A little work and conversation in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-05

Tuesday 5th.

Went to Boston rather early to be in time for the opening of the Court. Received a letter from my Mother in a tone quite low spirited. She evidently would like very much to come on but is prevented by peculiar circumstances.1 I did not write to my Father, expecting his arrival daily. The greater part of the day was passed in the Superior Court listening to the argument upon the right of the Warren Bridge Company to build their bridge and upon the propriety of issuing an Injunction to stop them. Mr. Shaw opened on the part of the Complainants, the Charles River Bridge Corporation in the Morning and Messrs. Aylwin and Fletcher went into the defence during the afternoon.2 I could not remain until the close much to my regret. But my own impression was that the defence was weak so far as I heard it. Returned to Quincy. Worked a little in the Nursery and evening with the family. Mr. G. Beale called in.
1. LCA complained that she had “neither affections nor community” at Quincy and vowed not to return there “to expose myself to a repetition of insults which beggar as I am ... I am too proud to submit to” (LCA to CFA, 30 July 1828, Adams Papers).
2. The case was that of the proprietors of Charles River Bridge v. the proprietors of Warren Bridge, et al. (6 Pickering 376; 7 Pickering 344), which was later appealed to the United States Supreme Court (11 Peters 420). The legislature of Massachusetts in 1785 had authorized the Charles River Bridge Company to build and operate a toll bridge across the Charles River but did not confer exclusive privileges upon the corporation. The charter of the Warren Bridge Company (1828) allowed the construction of another bridge only a short distance away which should be turned over to the state upon recovery of construction costs. The proprietors of the Charles River Bridge Company sued for an injunction on the ground that construction of the new bridge constituted an impairment of the obligation of contracts. Daniel Webster and Lemuel Shaw (1781–1861) appeared for the complainants, William Cushing Alwyn and Richard Fletcher (1788–1869) for the defendants. See Andrew C. McLaughlin, A Constitutional History of the United States, N.Y., 1935, p. 464; DAB, under Richard Fletcher.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-06

Wednesday. 6th.

Morning rainy and unpleasant. Rode to Boston and attended Court all the morning. Mr. Webster closed on the part of the Plaintiffs. His argument was an excellent one and to me quite conclusive, but it was not so much methodized and digested as those I have generally heard from him. Rode to Medford to dinner and passed the afternoon and evening in conversation respecting many interesting subjects which must shortly press themselves to my attention. I do not feel encouraged about them.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-07

Thursday. 7th.

Rode to Boston this morning with Mr. Brooks in my gig. Morning { 265 } at the Office reading Saunders which I find to be but a dull book. The law has become rather tedious to me. Met Abby at the Jeweller’s where she went to obtain a present for Miss Charlotte Gray whose engagement to Mr. Ignatius Sargent is just announced. Executive Record in the afternoon and finished the review of Cicero for Archias. Went to see Abby by request and found myself in a variety of engagements for tomorrow and next day. Rode out of town early in order to move my room upstairs to make way for the accommodation of my father who is now expected every day. Thomas B. and Elizabeth C. Adams had returned from Portland and I passed the evening in conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-08

Friday. 8th.

Arose very early and after dressing and taking a hurried breakfast I went into Boston. Found Abby ready to go to the Steamboat and was informed that by the absence of Mrs. Everett, she would be compelled to assume all the qualities of entertainer. The party consisted of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Johnston of Louisiana, Mr. Everett and ourselves. We met many other of our acquaintance on board. Mr. R. Peters1 and his daughters, Mrs. Gorham, Miss Carter and many others. The day was very warm and fatiguing. The quantity of fashionable company, the noise of children and the glare of light produced an excitement which had an effect very unpleasant upon the feelings. One day at Nahant is always dull, especially when you have to entertain a pretty requiring woman. Our dinner was hurried and ill served. Mr. Webster, who had come down with a Mrs. Perkins of New York,2 seemed to think it exceedingly dull and I agreed with him. After killing the time as well as we could, she having expressed a desire to go by land, we returned to Boston in a Carriage, I riding outside a portion of the way. On my arrival at B. I immediately started for Quincy, which I reached exceedingly fatigued.
1. Richard Peters (1779–1848), of Philadelphia, who was reporter of the United States Supreme Court (DAB).
2. Presumably Mrs. Cyrus W. Perkins, the wife of Webster’s old college friend and family physician, who lived at 176 Fulton Street in New York (Fuess, Webster, 1:348).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-09

Saturday. 9th.

Rode to Boston though late as I was unable immediately to recover [from] my fatigue of yesterday and as I passed a restless night. The weather again was exceedingly warm. Called upon Abby and with her and Ellen Shepherd went to see Mrs. Johnston. After a visit there, the remainder of the time was passed without much attention to any thing, { 266 } but I had no opportunity for writing to Mother. At dinner time I rode out to Winter Hill and found there assembled, Mr. and Mrs. Hale, Mr. and Miss Shepherd, Mr. Webster, Mr. G. Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Johnston, Abby and myself. The dinner was pleasant but warm. Rode to Medford with Abby being much fatigued.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-10

Sunday. 10th.

Passed the morning at home at Medford reading and amusing myself as usual. Time for a good deal of reflection upon much that has occurred during the past week. Mr. Palfrey preached and dined with us,1 and I was consequently out of civility compelled to attend Church in the afternoon. The Sermon was flowery and I was quite uncomfortable. Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. and Mr. and Mrs. Everett called in the course of the evening. I did not see the latter. Took a pleasant walk to the partings, as they are called. A certain Miss Parks, a cousin, is making a stay there.2
1. John Gorham Palfrey (1796–1881), who was later to become a close associate of CFA’s in the Conscience Whig movement, was at this time Unitarian minister of the church in Brattle Square, Boston (DAB).
2. One of the daughters of Warham Parks and Rebecca (Gorham) Parks (1765–1837), who was Abigail B. Brooks’ aunt (Wyman, The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, 1:424).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-11

Monday. 11th.

Returned to Boston though not until late as Abby was long in making up her mind to accompany me. The weather was sultry and disagreeable. I went to the Office and attempted a letter to my Mother but found it absolutely impossible to succeed with it. My feelings were unsettled as I had reason to suppose that my father had arrived at Quincy. I seized the opportunity to finish my volume of Executive Record and then went to pass an hour with Abby previous to going to Quincy. George came with me to Quincy and we found my father and John. The former looking pale and thin. We were interrupted by company and so I had scarcely any more opportunity to speak to him.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-12

Tuesday. 12th.

Morning occupied in supplying the omission occasioned by my dissipation of the preceding days. I then returned to Boston with George. The day was again exceedingly warm and I felt it much more severely than on any preceding day. Walked to Mrs. Frothingham’s twice to see Abby, wrote a short letter to my Mother,1 and feeling the { 267 } effects of exercise, I went to take a cold bath. It was pleasant but it’s effect was sudden and the fatigue of swimming, on my coming out, made evident how much strength I had lost during the past summer. Indeed I am becoming seriously apprehensive about my health. The bath restored my appetite, and I took dinner, though from utter want of appetite I had thought at first of going without. Sleep then came over me and I took a short nap at George’s Office, previous to returning to Quincy. My father looked fatigued from his day’s expedition and is very thin.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-13

Wednesday. 13th.

My sleep at times is lethargic and I find it impossible to rise quite so early as I had hoped. Besides I am entirely disarranged by the irruption of so many into my room. Rode into Boston, met Abby who was coming out to Quincy with Mrs. Dexter. Too late to turn back. Morning at the Office reading Saunders. Dined with Mr. Webster. Company, Mrs. Perkins of N.Y., Mr. and Mrs. Johnston of La., Mr. and Mrs. Everett, Mr. and Mrs. Hale, Mr. and Miss Shepherd, Mr. N. Appleton,1 Mr. J. C. Gray,2 Mr. Frothingham, Abby and myself. The dinner was a pleasant one and in better taste than any I have seen in Boston. Mr. W.’s house is really beautiful and well repays him for the expense laid upon it. Our time passed very agreeably, and at seven o’clock I took Abby to ride to Medford. The evening was pleasant and I felt uncommonly happy notwithstanding the presence of some floating clouds in my mind which portend another darkened atmosphere. I hope not.
1. Nathan Appleton (1779–1861), the Boston textile manufacturer and founder of the Suffolk banking system, who was later a Whig Congressman (DAB).
2. John Chipman Gray, Harvard 1811, a Boston lawyer (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-14

Thursday. 14th.

Returned to town, bringing Abby to Winter Hill to spend the day with Mrs. Everett. Morning at the Office, reading Saunders. The news from Louisiana is not very favourable in the latter end. In the afternoon I read the commencement of a new work upon the United States by Mr. Pitkins professing to contain an account of our civil history.1 It was interesting and contained some new views having a direct bearing upon a question which I had some time agitated in my own mind. Went to Quincy an hour earlier than usual but occupied myself in { 268 } nothing particular. Evening, conversation with father and George upon miscellaneous subjects.
1. JQA’s two copies of Timothy Pitkin’s A Political and Civil History of the United States of America, from the Year 1763 to the Close of the Administration of President Washington . . . , 2 vols., New Haven, 1828, are in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-15

Friday. 15th.

Not having any thing in particular to call me to Boston, I decided upon remaining at Quincy through the day. My time was passed in reading—a pamphlet of Governor Bernard upon the State of the Colonies, written previous to the Revolution,1 and also, some articles in the Biographia Brittanica. In the afternoon, my father and some of our family went to visit an encampment of a Boston Company now here in active service. I read the Voyage of Captain Popanilla by the author of Vivian Grey.2 Not so good but still pleasant. In the evening, the Officers of the Rangers came by invitation to drink tea, and they brought their band. Chapman of my Class is their 1st Lieutt. I was on the whole, glad to have it over.
1. Presumably Francis Bernard’s Select Letters on the Trade and Government of America, London, 1774.
2. Benjamin Disraeli, The Voyage of Captain Popanilla, London, 1828.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-16

Saturday. 16th.

Arose later than usual and had no opportunity to finish a letter to my Mother which I had commenced,1 until I reached Boston. This occupied me until quite late and I did nothing during the morning except visiting Mr. Stuart’s Gallery of Portraits which gratified me much for an hour.2 His likeness of my father is most remarkably fine, besides many others too numerous to mention. At one o’clock I rode to Medford, found Abby and the family much as usual. In the afternoon she went with me to see Mrs. Edward Brooks at Watertown. Found them as they usually may be seen, pretty much alone. Mr. and Mrs. Wells came in shortly after, her sister.3 She has engrossed the whole of her house for her own relations which is hardly a good plan. It makes her husband separate from all his old connections. We returned after tea in a cool evening.
1. Missing.
2. The distinguished painter, Gilbert Stuart, had died in Boston on 9 July 1828, leaving very little but unfinished canvases to support his widow and his four surviving daughters. For their benefit the Boston Athenaeum held an exhibit of his work, which brought together 211 of his portraits (DAB).
3. Frances Boott, like Mrs. Edward Brooks a daughter of Kirk Boott, had married William Wells Jr. in 1808 (Columbian Centinel, 7 May 1808).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-17

Sunday 17th.

Morning pleasant but cool. I remained at home during the whole day not doing a great deal of any thing, principally throwing away the time in musing upon various matters presently interesting. I read over some of Michaux but it is quite profitless. I read Mr. Everett’s Oration on the fourth of July1 and I thought as I often do of the nothingness of this world. I am a speculative man, my father was right. In the evening, I had some conversation with Abby, not of a perfectly pleasant nature but it all came out right as lover’s difficulties usually do.
1. Everett’s oration was called “The History of Liberty.” See his Orations and Speeches, 1:150–172.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-18

Monday 18th.

This day completes twenty one years of my existence. The opening stage of life has passed with me and I must abide the test of futurity by the assistance of the principles which it has given to me. Would they had been better. The future is the same impenetrable mystery which it has always been and as I step my feet off the shore, the deeper I touch, the more am I impressed with the necessity of an unlimited trust in divine assistance. Man is but a creature of necessities, his ends are the will of heaven. My own reflections are not free from care and anxiety but I can only repeat with more fervency the prayer set down in this journal at my last anniversary. Further need not be said.
Went to Boston after receiving as a birth day present a sweet little locket from Abby inclosing her hair. Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my Mother in tolerable spirits. Dined with George and John at the Exchange where they were kind enough to drink my health in a glass of Champagne. John returned with me to Quincy. In the evening my father made me a present of a thousand dollars according to his usual custom to his children on coming of age, and I took the opportunity of having some conversation with him upon my affairs which I will detail tomorrow.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-19

Tuesday. 19th.

Previous to my starting from here to go to Boston, I continued the conversation with my father which I had commenced last evening. It related to a serious consideration of my present situation and engagements. I told him that having arrived at the time which had been pointed out by him as the termination of the condition which he pro• { 270 } posed with his consent to my marriage, I thought it necessary to come to some definite understanding upon the prospect before me; I then wished to know his views respecting the support he proposed to allow me. He went, in consequence, into a long detail of his prospects and intentions and ended without saying any thing further than that my present allowance should be continued to me. I thought that his own views were not at all well digested but that is usually the way with our family. Our conversation widened until we were interrupted by strangers, upon which I went to Boston.
Morning at the Office reading Saunders without much profit. Afternoon, a few pages of Pitkin’s book. I am beginning to be dissatisfied with my way of life. Returned to Quincy, found many persons here. Mr. Isaac Smith, Mrs. Hall1 and several other ancient characters. I was glad when they were gone. The evening appeared long and I was dull.
1. Rev. Isaac Smith (1749–1829), Harvard 1767, son of AA’s uncle Isaac, was the brother of Mrs. Elizabeth (Smith) Hall. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-20

Wednesday. 20th.

Having left my keys in town, I was obliged to omit my usual occupations this morning, and in their place read part of a history of Navigation. After breakfast, went to town. Morning at the Office, not very well spent.
At the usual time I rode to Medford with Mr. Brooks in company. I took this opportunity to open the subject of my marriage and he explained his ideas and feelings with regard to the proposed arrangement. He told me that he allowed his daughter the income of twenty thousand dollars which would be twelve hundred. This united with mine will do to live tolerably well but not more. He came to nothing definite however in regard to any positive time for the marriage. It is difficult to force cautious old gentlemen out of the general phrases in which they are usually intrenched. I succeeded very well for a first effort.
On arriving at Medford, found Abby alone, her mother having gone to Concord. Passed a very pleasant afternoon and evening with her. Mrs. B. returned in the evening with her sister, Mrs. Bartlett.1
1. Mrs. George Bartlett, the former Mary Gorham, of Charlestown (Bartlett, Genealogical and Biographical Sketches of the Bartlett Family, p. 92–93).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-21

Thursday. 21st.

After passing an hour with Abby, I returned to Boston. Morning at { 271 } the Office reading a case or two in Saunders which is very loose reading and wasting much of my time in reading Newspapers. The result of the Kentucky election is still extremely doubtful and not less interesting.1 My own prospect depending somewhat upon it, I feel a little though not very anxious about it. Afternoon, Annual Register for 18262 and a little of Mr. Pitkin. Returned to Quincy. My father had been on a fishing expedition from which he returned somewhat heated. Passed the evening in conversation.
1. Early returns from Kentucky indicated that General Thomas Metcalfe, the Administration candidate for governor, was slightly leading his Jacksonian opponent (Daily National Intelligencer, 23 Aug. 1828).
2. The Annual Register; or, A View of the History, Politicks and Literature of the Year was published in London from 1758 to 1851.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-22

Friday. 22nd.

I did not go to town this morning but remained and in the morning took a bath in salt water with my father, John and Thomas. I then amused myself with reading the history of Navigation as prefixed to an old collection of voyages, and afterward some passages from a volume of Voltaire. Desiring to finish all conversation with my father, I resumed the subject. I will not detail the conversation here as perhaps it may lead to nothing, but it is very certain that my feelings were cruelly hurt, and in a manner which no subsequent kindness can remedy.1 My afternoon was spent in great pain of mind and in reflection upon what it was proper to do under the state of circumstances. I wrote a letter to my Mother to divert my thoughts,2 which succeeded but poorly, and in the evening with the family.
1. Unfortunately JQA’s diary makes no mention of this conversation, to which CFA’s thoughts so often reverted during the next six months, but from several subsequent letters it is possible to reconstruct what probably occurred. When CFA importunately demanded an increase in his allowance, so that he might be married soon, his father, about to retire from public service with scanty resources to support his expensive family, retorted hotly with a warning against extravagance and a reminder that CFA was “a beggar, living on charity.” CFA replied with harsh words, and the interview ended in mutual recriminations. See CFA to LCA, 3 Jan. 1829; JQA to CFA, 13 Jan. 1829; and CFA to JQA, 21 Jan. 1829, LbC; all in Adams Papers.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-23

Saturday 23rd.

My idea of marrying this season is reluctantly abandoned and I shall be compelled to pass another winter as I did the last. My mind is gloomy enough. I rode to town, and passed the morning at the Office, reading Saunders. Received a letter from my Mother dated on my birth day and written in her kindest and most affectionate tones. { 272 } It touched me at a moment when I was sore. It gave me a balm when all else was irritation. Her kindness is that of affection, it calls forth one’s best feelings in return. Dined at Mr. Gardiner Greene’s.1 Company large, consisting more particularly of the richest men in Boston. Lt. Govr. Winthrop, Genl. Morton, Mr. Quincy, Mr. Hubbard,2 Appleton, Joy, Parker, Ritchie,3 J. Russell,4 Mr. Brooks and others. Edmund Quincy and I did very well. After a handsome dinner, I rode to Medford in a beautiful evening.
1. Gardiner Greene, who owned much valuable Boston real estate, had a house on Tremont Street, behind which he developed “a hillside garden that was one of the wonders of the first third of the nineteenth century” (Whitehill, Boston: A Topographical History, p. 106–107).
2. Samuel Hubbard (1785–1847), the law partner of Charles Jackson, lived on Bumstead Place (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
3. William Ritchie, a merchant, who lived at 3 Cambridge Street (same).
4. Joseph Russell, who lived at 5 Park Street (same).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-24

Sunday. 24th.

This was a warm day and I was glad to keep the shelter of the house during the whole of it. Amused myself by reading large portions of Wilson’s Ornithology, the style of which pleases me, being written con amore.1 In the afternoon Sidney Brooks and his wife with her sister, and Wm. Worthington of Washington came out together in a carriage. I was surprised to see the last mentioned, the others were expected. They remained and drank tea here. Sidney looks thin and unwell. The evening and night were exceedingly warm.
1. Alexander Wilson, American Ornithology, 9 vols., Phila., 1808–1814.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-25

Monday. 25th.

I felt the heat of this day more severely than that of any other this summer. It was scorching in the midst of brick walls. Returned to Boston in the morning and passed the day mostly at the Office doing nothing. Took a cold bath but it heated me so much to return from it that I derived little benefit from it. Thomas passed much of the afternoon with me. I had intended remaining in Boston, but the heat and the impossibility of getting lodgings prevailed over the Dame Blanche.1 Rode to Quincy. Moonlight.
1. The opera by Adrien Boïeldieu (1775–1834) (Percy A. Scholes, The Oxford Companion to Music, London, 1955).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-26

Tuesday. 26th.

Rode into Boston, John being with me, the weather being exceedingly warm. Morning at the Office, but it was too warm to read any { 273 } Law, and I decided upon taking a bath. This occupied pretty much all the morning, after which I dined with John at the Exchange Coffee House. Met Lt. F. C. Hall of the Marines who amused us though at his own expence.1 He had taken rather fully of the grape. After all this was over I rode to Medford. Found Abby well and walked to the partings with her. Evening very warm, making a succession of hotter days than any this season.
1. Francis C. Hall, a second lieutenant in the marine corps (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 214).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-27

Wednesday. 27th.

This being Commencement day and my year for taking the last benefit of my education, I rode from Medford to Cambridge early in the morning. Found the town about as much crowded as usual upon similar occasions. It was the first time that I had ever proposed to go through with a day of this kind regularly. I formed in the procession as a candidate for the Master of Arts degree.1 Our Class was rather more full than I had expected to see it. There being nearly thirty, and among those present were many whom I was rather pleased to see. I had not anticipated any gratification but when we came together again among the old scenes, it brought up the remembrance of our greater or less intimacy with every individual, and I was agreeably disappointed.
We walked to the Chapel and sat through the exercises which were uncommonly clever, for College parts, after which we took our first dinner in Commons Hall. Every thing tended to remind one of College days and scenes. We then visited the rooms of two or three of the graduating class. Winthrop and Chapman. Many ladies were present and a number of our College acquaintances. The next thing was a return to town, but not before visiting the humble offering of our class to those who have left us. Poor Sheafe, I thought of him, but the past is to us as nothing. And the remembrance of him is all I am to keep for the rest of life. I drove Lothrop into Boston, and we went to take our third dinner with the Class, at the Boston Coffee House. There were but seventeen present, but among them, were Dwight, Howard and Richardson of my particular friends. Lothrop, Fisher, Prescott, Chapman, Fay, Lodge,2 Lord, Sherwin, Cole,3 Hedge, and one other whose name has escaped me, who graduated. Bellows and Davis, who belonged, but did not graduate.4 We had a pleasant time and parted late, after which I slept at the Exchange.
1. The degree of Master of Arts at Harvard was granted upon application three years after the date of the Bachelor’s degree until 1869, when it was { 274 } awarded only on examination (Harvard Quinquennial Cat., p. 131).
2. Giles Henry Lodge, Harvard 1825.
3. Jonathan Cole, Harvard 1825.
4. John N. Bellows, of Boston (Harvard Annual Cat. 1822), and Charles Henry Davis (1807–1877), the future Civil War admiral (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-28

Thursday. 28th.

I cannot bear the excitement of dissipation as I once could. This day was passed in paying the price of yesterday’s pleasure. John being himself unwell, we gave up the plan we had formed of going to Nahant, and I went to the Office where I passed a quiet day. This is the day usually devoted to Cambridge,1 but though I passed a pleasant time yesterday, my fondness for Cambridge was very transient, and I feel now very slightly disposed to a further intimacy with it. I did not dine, my system having been in a disordered state and injured very much yesterday. My spirits also having been much forced, the re-action was proportional. Returned to Quincy with John and passed the evening quietly. The President returned late.
1. The Phi Beta Kappa exhibition and the Boylston prize declamations were being held at Harvard (JQA to LCA, 24 Aug. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-29

Friday. 29th.

My languor disappeared but left me quite unwell. John was so sick as to keep his room all day. I went to Boston. The day was quite warm. Passed the morning at the office excepting a short time taken up in visiting Mrs. Sidney Brooks. Met there Abby and Mr. and Mrs. Everett but left them directly after. My spirits still in poor condition and I have become dissatisfied with my way of life without having any very great prospect of a change for the better. Returned to Quincy in the afternoon, not being able to get a room for the night, to be able to witness the representation of the French Company. The weather was warm. Retired very early.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-30

Saturday. 30th.

I remained until quite late at Quincy this morning without doing much, owing to my time being wasted in waiting for my father who rode to town in my gig with me. The weather continued quite warm and our ride being thrown into the heat of the day made it fatiguing. Called at the Office. Fisher and Richardson came in and paid me visits which took the whole of the time allowable to my stay in Boston. Called at Dr. Welsh’s for my father, and carried him with me to Medford. We found assembled the family, consisting of Edward B. { 275 } and his wife, Sidney with his, Chardon, Mr. and Mrs. Everett, Mr. Frothingham and the regular family. Mrs. F. was not able to be there owing to the production of another male animal in human shape, in other words, an infant fifth child.1 We had a pleasant day, Mrs. Everett sat next to me and was agreeable as usual. It is rather singular that those do not unite all the domestic qualities who possess the social ones in their greatest extent. The one however is acquired by habit, the other is a jewel above price. I passed the evening conversing with Abby, though in very low spirits.
1. Mrs. Frothingham had just given birth to Ward Brooks Frothingham. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0008-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-08-31

Sunday 31st.

My low spirits still continued, not materially decreased by the circumstances that my stomach was somewhat out of order. My father also seemed much out of spirits. The weather continued as warm as ever; I went to Meeting and heard Mr. Frothingham preach. He came from Boston in the morning and went to West Cambridge in the afternoon. His style is not energetic enough, it is the weaving of a mist, signifying little, and merely obscuring the Sun. I did not go in the afternoon nor did I occupy myself usefully. My spirits have been in but poor condition since the agitation of this question about my marriage which is more enveloped in doubt and darkness. Evening, conversation with Abby and afterwards with Mr. Brooks merely on common topics.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-01

September 1828. Monday. 1st.

Returned to town this morning with my father. The weather was exceedingly warm and our ride a hot one. Owing to the difficulty between him and myself which has destroyed all cordiality between us, conversation is rather stiff and often ceases entirely. Upon the most mature reflection that I can give, it seems to me that I have been treated in a manner which is not justifiable under any system of treatment between parent and child. My father is making the matter worse by not in some measure repairing the mischief, for on a subject like this, it is the duty of every man, whether son or father, first to respect himself. I neither can nor will consent to be treated like a child. Enough.
Morning at the Office. Called upon Richardson in the afternoon after having dined with George at Dr. Welsh’s. I passed a couple of { 276 } hours chatting with R. and then adjourned to the Exchange previous to going to the Opera. The weather was very warm but I was resolved not to lose the opportunity of seeing Der Freyschutz as performed by the French Company. The House was filled with the most fashionable society in Boston. The afterpiece called les Rendezvous Bourgeois1 was performed first, and was laughable enough. Then came Robin des Bois with which I was highly gratified. This New Orleans Company have great merit as a Company though no single individual very much excels. You are pleased to hear them because they perform in good taste. Returned to the Exchange at twelve.
1. By Nicolo Isouard.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-02

Tuesday. 2nd.

After breakfast, went to the Office much earlier than usual. Sat down to read a little of Chitty on Contracts1 but was interrupted by the entrance of Richardson and my cousin T. B. Adams who passed an hour with me. The weather has changed at last and now gives us damp and showery moments. Afternoon passed quietly at the Office looking over some of the practical parts of the law. Thomas B. Adams called at five, and rode out with me to Quincy. Found the family as usual. Mr. Frye returned from Maine. The news from my Mother is not of the pleasantest and I am afraid my letter of the 23rd has not been calculated to improve it.2 Conversation with John and Thomas in the evening.
1. Joseph Chitty Jr., A Practical Treatise on the Law of Contracts, Not under Seal, London, 1826.
2. CFA’s letter of 23 August is missing. LCA, it was reported from Washington, had “erisypelas or inflammation of the head pressing on the brain, and also on the heart” (CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 18 Sept. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-03

Wednesday 3rd.

Morning, rode to town, although the weather looked exceedingly threatening and unpleasant. At the Office, reading as usual, but determined upon going to Medford notwithstanding the rain. I rode out at dinner time and it seemed to me as if all the floods had collected to pour down upon this special occasion. I was well protected from it and so it mattered little. Found the family as usual. In the afternoon, as the weather looked rather more favourably, I went with Abby over to Winter Hill to see Mrs. Everett, and finding her well, we stopped and took tea. Mr. Felton, a young man who graduated after me at Cambridge, came in.1 He is now engaged in keeping a school at Geneseo in New York. It was rather a remarkable day for a visit of this kind but I { 277 } have seldom been at Mr. E.’s, when the family were entirely alone. Mr. E. was very pleasant and we did not return home to Medford until quite late.
1. Cornelius Conway Felton (1807–1862), Harvard 1827, was the future president of Harvard (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-04

Thursday. 4th.

Returned to Boston with Abby whom I left at Mrs. Frothingham’s, then to the Office. Found the accounts from home rather more favourable. At the Office reading, but not so profitably as I ought to have done. Afternoon, reading the speeches of Messrs. Giles and Bayard on the bill relating to the Judiciary.1 Then called at Mrs. Frothingham’s to see Abby but found she had left town, upon which I left myself, with George. On our arrival at Quincy, we found the President had gone out on a fishing party with the gentlemen of the town. On their return they announced an unsuccessful day, on account of the violence of the wind. It was rather a singular day to attempt an expedition of the kind. I felt sleepy and retired early. John had recovered.
1. In the 1801 debate on the Federalist “judiciary reform measure” and the Jeffersonian attempts to repeal the act, Representative James Asheton Bayard, of Delaware (1767–1815), vigorously upheld the Federalist position, and William Branch Giles, of Virginia, defended the Republican view (Annals of Congress, 7 Cong., 1 sess., p. 603–627, 579–602).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-05

Friday. September 5th.

Rode to town this morning with George in my gig. Morning at the Office occupied as usual. Met with Mr. Meredith, a young man whom I knew formerly at Cambridge and who graduated some time after me.1 Dined with him at the Exchange and drank some Sherry until I began to feel it’s weight. Took a cup of Coffee to cure it and read part of Williston’s Eloquence of the United States.2 In the evening, went to the Exchange Coffee House and found my father, John and Thomas arrived to go [to] the Theatre. I joined them and we saw the French Opera of the Barber of Seville performed together with the little piece called le procès du Fandango. Rossini’s music of this Opera is to me exceedingly delightful and it was very well performed by this Orchestra. The performers did well although none of them came near those whom I saw in the Italian piece of the same name two years ago at New York. On the whole I was much delighted and returned to the Exchange well pleased, though with a tolerably severe head ache. It was after one o’clock before I slept.
1. George Augustus Meredith, Harvard 1827.
{ 278 }
2. JQA’s copy of Eloquence of the United States, ed. Ebenezer Bancroft Williston, 5 vols., Middletown, Conn., 1827, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-06

Saturday. 6th.

Breakfasted at the Exchange and morning at the Office. But I felt very much out of a proper condition to do any thing, as I had been so much excited last evening. I felt unwilling to do any thing and passed my time in doubt whether to go to Medford before dinner or not and finally decided that I would not. I accordingly dined in town and passed an hour in reading Williston’s book. After which I rode to Medford, found some Company there, and as I did not wish to see them, walked an hour or two in the garden. The family seemed disappointed at my not coming earlier. I do not know what it is that induces me to hesitate so much about this thing, but I have so much sensitiveness about worrying other people that it makes it a torment. Abby said nothing but I thought she felt it. Evening, conversation with her.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-07

Sunday. 7th.

Sidney Brooks and his wife are here on a visit, Chardon is sick with an attack of Cholera Morbus and this makes the family quite large. I remained at home all day and considering this, did little or nothing. The weather was quite warm. In the afternoon, Edward Brooks and his wife came over, and Mr. Everett, to discuss a question about Lowell. They wanted to make up a party to go to Lowell tomorrow and asked me to go, to which I consented. And so it was arranged. I had a delightfully pleasant conversation with Abby in the evening until interrupted by the arrival of my brothers George and John. This was rather surprising. They came to announce to me that my father was going to return to Washington in consequence of the continued illness of my Mother, and moreover that he expected me to accompany him when he should go, that is on Thursday next. The idea had occurred to me today that it might be advisable for me to go on this autumn, particularly as the election seemed less probable; but I had no expectation of going so soon. The thing was arranged before they left, and I understood that I was to go on Thursday.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-08

Monday 8th.

I was not deterred from the party to Lowell and accordingly after an early breakfast, we started, Abby with me in my Gig. We passed through the towns of Woburn, Billerica, Chelmsford and arrived at { 279 } Lowell before twelve. Our party consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Brooks, Abby, Miss Phillips1 and myself. Lowell is a curiosity from the circumstance that it is a new creation from what is called the American System, having risen within six years by the investment made by the rich Boston people in manufactures of printed calicoes and other cottons. The place is situated at the confluence of the Merrimack and Concord rivers. From the former, which here runs rapidly on a gradual decline, they derive their water power, not however directly but by means of a canal dug to the level of the bed of the river which diverges, and the water can be thus conducted at pleasure. It is carried round a semicircle of about a mile and a half and there falls again, into the Concord river, where it joins the Merrimack. They have thus a large extent of water power, which can also be increased at pleasure by cutting sluices at any time at right angles with the river thro’ this inclosed space. They have already four millions of dollars invested here, in the manufacture of printed cottons, of machinery for works of the kind, of jeans, and they propose shortly commencing one of carpets. In the afternoon we examined the principal works, through which Mr. Kirk Boott, the superintendant, was kind enough to lead us.2 We afterwards drank tea at his house and saw his wife, a lady-like woman. But the exertion of the day was very great and I was not a little fatigued so that I was glad to get home, and retire. My home tonight however was but a poor hotel.
1. Susan Phillips, a daughter of John Phillips and Lydia (Gorham) Phillips, Mrs. P. C. Brooks’ sister (Henry Bond, Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, Boston, 1855, 2:886).
2. Kirk Boott (1790–1837), one of the founders of Lowell, the agent of the Merrimack Manufacturing Company and its virtual “dictator” (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-09

Tuesday. 9th.

The morning found us in an unfortunate storm of rain, which displayed every prospect of a continuance throughout the day. An unpleasant incident as it made us feel a prospect of a dull day. But on the whole, we had a merry party. The ladies had a fire and sat down to work and read with the assistance of the circulating library and the gentlemen passed the morning in the Billiard Room. Our party was rather noisy and on the whole made an exceedingly lively morning. After dinner we came to the determination of abandoning our quarters, at which I was much pleased, as I was certainly not in the humour for a lonely ride which must have been my lot, had they decided to wait for clear weather. Abby went down with me and was { 280 } not at all wet owing to the direction in which we went. I seldom remember a more pleasant ride. On our return, found a report that my father had already started, which I would not believe, and a foolish Note from Harriet Welsh.1 Evening with Abby.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-10

Wednesday. 10th.

Parted from Abby for a short time. I could not increase the regret by a formal leave taking and so separated by surprise. She is dearer to me than ever, though she herself pretends now to doubt my feelings. I hope this parting will rather tend to produce an improvement in our mutual prospects, and at any rate if we are not to be married, it is an advisable step, for with her, the delay now wears upon me.
Rode to Boston and found the report true, that my father upon receiving some alarming intelligence from my Aunt Smith in relation to a terrible attack on my Mother of this same disease which she has been suffering from, had hurried off on Monday and I was expected to follow them immediately. I then occupied myself all the morning in arranging my affairs. It is peculiarly inconvenient to me to go at this time, but I must go. I paid my debts, and drove George with me to Quincy where I passed the afternoon in packing my trunk and preparing all things for my journey. We stopped to tea and found Mrs. Lunt and her son1 with Miss Whitney2 at the house. Took leave and returned to town to the Exchange where I took Supper, George being with me. My anxiety about my mother a little diminished by the favourable letters received this morning from Aunt Smith and John’s wife.3
1. Presumably the Rev. William Parsons Lunt (1805–1857), Harvard 1823, and his mother, Mary (Green) Lunt (Quincy, First Church, MS Records, p. 15–19).
2. Mary Parsons Whitney (1810–1889), who later married Richard Cranch Greenleaf. See Adams Genealogy.
3. Both missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-11

Thursday 11th.

Roused exceedingly early by the receipt of the mail, which announced to me that my Mother was a little better.1 I sat down and wrote a short Note to George2 before dressing myself to go off on my Journey. The Providence Stage started at a little after four o’clock, and we arrived at Providence in time for the Steam Boat Washington at twelve. Nothing remarkable occurred excepting one of those awkward conversations between two gentlemen in the Stage concerning the relative merits of Genl. Jackson and my father which I dislike very { 281 } much to interfere in and yet which make me feel on thorns. Luckily little was said of an offensive character as the two were administration men and they shortly discovered who I was. We started directly in the Steam Boat with a large number of passengers of whom I scarcely knew a soul. I made acquaintance with Mr. Morse of New York, a painter3 who knew me before I did him. The passage was remarkable for nothing but delay by a head wind, which retarded us two miles an hour in a trip otherwise perfectly fair. My sleep as bad as usual.
1. Letter missing.
2. Missing.
3. Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791–1872), later more famous as the inventor of the electric telegraph, had studied painting under Benjamin West in London (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-12

Friday. 12th.

The day was bright and clear and the sun rose splendidly as we were still more than sixty miles from New York. We were consequently all the morning in passing these and arrived barely at twelve. Indeed I was apprehensive that I should be compelled to wait, but by an immediate exertion on the part of the driver of a hackney coach, another gentleman and I succeeded in making good our course. The Captain was just giving the order to push off. Our hurry through Broadway was ludicrous as our hackman’s horses were not accustomed to such unusual speed. But I was saved by it a ride at Night in the Mail. We arrived in the Steamboat Bellona at New Brunswick, took Stage immediately and reached Trenton at ten to sleep. I was treated with great attention and kindness throughout.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-13

Saturday. 13th.

We were called shortly after four o’clock, to take the Steamboat for Philadelphia. The morning was clear until sunrise when a thick fog enveloped us and a wind from the South, rising to remove it, made us feel quite uncomfortably. Our boat called the Marco Bossaris, which I remember as our rival once in the Saratoga coming from Poughkeepsie two years since, was but an indifferent concern. I had no acquaintance on board, but a gentleman sought mine and discussed politics of which I was cautious. Arrived at Philadelphia. I immediately sat down and wrote a letter to Abby according to my promise, but it was in the Steamboat and without much opportunity for accommodation. Besides doing this, I had time enough to walk up Chesnut Street and buy some Peaches before the starting hour of the Steam Boat for New Castle.
{ 282 }
At twelve I was again off with a company as little known to me as any I had yet met with. The passage was marked with no incident excepting that just as I was landing, a man shook my hand and seemed glad to see me for he said he seldom saw great men. This rather amused me, for it was the first intimation of my having actually done something though I am stared at enough. In the half tipsy condition of this man, the ideas of the Father and son, in themselves perfectly distinct, had become very much confounded into one and so in saluting me, he seemed to have a notion he had come across the President himself with only a slight alteration. Indeed generally, though we live in so republican a country, people find it extremely difficult to keep entirely separated the idea of family distinction, and this creates the peculiar advantages together with the disadvantages of a situation like our’s. A bold active mind might profit by it, I feel aware that he could, and at the same time feel fully conscious of my own incapacity to do it. But enough. Our ride from New Castle to Frenchtown took the usual time and we found ourselves in the Steamboat Philadelphia about to pass a night as well as we could.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-14

Sunday 14th.

We arrived at Baltimore at about four o’clock and I dressed immediately to go up and obtain a seat in the Mail for Washington. But I found great difficulty in getting any place at all owing to the number of persons going on, and it was only by taking an outside seat in an extra stage that I managed to go on. Nothing particular happened but in travelling onward I could not help remarking how very much altered was the state of my feelings at this time from any preceding journey in this direction. My interests and associations are now fixed elsewhere and nothing but the remaining term of my father’s Presidency whether short or long gives it any kind of charm. I dressed myself upon my arrival at Gadsby’s1 and walked up to the house.
Found my Mother very much better and sitting up though still extremely weak from the great violence of her attack. Mary, my brother’s wife, very well, Abby Adams, my Aunt and Uncle Smith, my father and John very well. Those compose the family. The two last only arrived yesterday. They all treated me very kindly. I conversed with my Mother until dinner time, and after it, rode with John to my Aunt Frye’s, where they seemed quite glad to see me. But on returning I came near finishing my visit. John’s horse became restless, and I was thrown out in one of his plunges. My head was bruised and my shoulder but luckily with no further damage, which considering { 283 } my very flat and heavy fall, may be esteemed providential. I walked home and retired soon after, being in much pain.
1. Gadsby’s National Hotel, on Pennsylvania Avenue at Sixth Street (Bryan, Hist. of the National Capital, 2:61).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-15

Monday. 15th.

Arose this morning with a headache and numb feeling in my shoulder which gradually disappeared in the course of the day. I passed a large part of the morning with my Mother, who did not appear so well today. She talked a great deal with me upon indifferent subjects. I then took a walk and stopped at Johnson Hellen’s Office,1 found him alone, and talked a great deal with him upon the only subject in which he appears to feel any decided interest, the election. I talked with him, though my interest rises in that sickly kind of way which precedes immediate loathing. In the afternoon, I sat down and wrote to Abby, a long letter giving an account of every thing of interest which I could find, all of which did not amount to much, for a less interesting journey, it seems to me that I never took in my whole life.2 Our way of life here is one of luxury and strongly contrasts with mine in Boston. But I feel little or no attachment to it now, and am surprised at my own indifference. Evening with my Mother.
1. Johnson Hellen now had an office on Eleventh Street, near Pennsylvania Avenue (Washington Directory, 1830).
2. From this entry through that of 4 November, CFA’s diary is again filled with references to letters received from, or written to, his fiancée. Unless otherwise noted, all these letters are in the Adams Papers. In many ways these letters are similar to those Charles and Abigail exchanged during their earlier separation (see entry for 25 Mar. 1827, and note, above), but this time the engaged couple seemed less formal, more intimate. CFA himself was aware of the change, for he wrote Abigail: “I am obtaining that kind of easy manner by custom, which enables me to tell you the prettiest things in a natural way, without appearing to assume that ridiculous sentimental sick tone” (19 Oct. 1828). Filled with constant assurances of eternal affection, with speculations as to when their marriage could take place, and with anticipations of future happiness, the letters do not contain much noteworthy news, but they do show that this visit to the capital taught CFA two worthwhile lessons. “It has put me very much out of conceit with Washington,” he told Abigail, “and consequently reconciled me much more to Boston” (29 [i.e. 28] Sept. 1828). Second, and more important, it removed any lingering attraction that Mary C. Hellen (now Mrs. JA2) might have had for him. Now he could assure Abigail “how infinitely superior you are to my sister in law . . . the only individual who ever stood in the least in your way with me by contrast” (22 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-16

Tuesday. 16th.

Morning, arose much better. With rubbing my shoulder with spirit, I have prevented any serious consequence, but it was a serious injury and came near making my visit a pretty disagreeable one. My { 284 } Mother was much better this morning and I passed it with her, in general conversation. Afternoon, wrote a short letter to George,1 and received a long one from Abby written only the day after I left her. This gave me great pleasure and put me in good spirits for the day. I could not think of wasting all my time however and so began the Works of Burke in a copy which John has been so kind as to give me, a most acceptable present. I passed the evening with my Mother.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-17

Wednesday. 17th.

The stiffness of my shoulder is gradually disappearing. Morning occupied as usual in conversation with my Mother. She seems much better than on Monday and I now hope will rapidly recover. My way of life will probably have but little of interest for some time, as I live here in a regular course of doing nothing. This rather displeases me as I can not yet bring down my mind to a life of nothingness. In the afternoon I read a portion of Burke, consisting of his Vindication of Natural Society in the manner of Bolingbroke. He succeeds tolerably well, though sometimes he almost caricatures.
Took a short walk, and was struck with the appearance of the City. Feeling now little or no interest in the place, it seems to me more like the description which travelers give of it than it ever did before. The general indolent character of the population had often struck me, but never so much as now when I am habituated to a system of life so totally different. Indeed this year has made some strange changes in my character and disposition. I feel them more since I have had occasion to adapt them to our state of society at home. As the freshness of meeting wears off, it will become more strongly perceptible. Evening at home with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-18

Thursday. 18th.

Morning passed as usual with my Mother. She seemed tolerably well today. In the afternoon, wrote a letter to Abby which occupied me pleasantly the whole time until dinner. This took up pretty much the whole day, and I only read a few pages of Burke. John passes his time pretty much in shooting. The rest of the family in their rooms. A singular disposition among us which renders absurd any attempt at society. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-19

Friday 19th.

Morning passed with my Mother. Conversation relative to my { 285 } prospects and the situation in which my conversation with my father places me. I have not yet recovered from that and my feelings are more alienated from him than I feel entirely willing to express. It was extremely unfortunate that this thing occurred for it has had an extremely depressing effect upon my spirits. Disappointed in not having any letter from Abby. Afternoon, reading Burke, dissertation upon Taste. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-20

Saturday 20th.

Morning passed in conversation with my Mother. Spirits tolerably good. For the first time she went out and took a ride. The effort was very considerable, but on the whole she seemed to bear it as well as we could expect. I amused myself reading Burke. Paid one or two visits today. One to Mrs. Clay and one to Mrs. Rush. My object in coming here this time was not to go out at all, but I think it as well since I am here to pay this mark of respect. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-21

Sunday 21st.

I had intended to have gone to Church this morning, but happening to go to my Mother’s room, I became engaged in a conversation with her which made me pass the time without attending to it. We talked over affairs of the family of an interesting though scarcely of a pleasant description. And I discussed my own prospects without much illuminating my mind upon the subject. Thus passed the morning. I received a letter from Abby at last and it had a good effect upon my spirits during the whole day afterwards. Took a ride with my Mother who is recovering rapidly. The remainder of the day occupied in answering Abby’s letter. Evening with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-22

Monday 22nd.

Morning at home as usual. Little or nothing of interest occurring. Politics extremely uninteresting although the crisis so nearly approaches. My mother is gradually gathering strength and rides out every day. The only danger is from attempting too much. Received a letter from Richardson1 to my great surprise who tells me that he is now Attorney at Law at Newton, Mass. So things go, but by coming at this time, I lose my admission, this term of the Common Pleas. I answered his letter on my return from my ride with my Mother.2 It occupied me until dinner. My father has given me some copying by way of business. Evening with my Mother.
1. Missing.
2. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-23

Tuesday. 23rd.

Morning at home as usual, with my Mother. Conversation somewhat exhausted but her spirits seem to remain tolerably good. I begin to feel considerable inconvenience from want of exercise and my spirits by some manner of means seem to be very much depressed. Received a letter from George,1 communicating to me the result of the business instructions which I have given him. He has invested for me of the sum of one thousand dollars which my father gave me on my coming of age, four hundred and fifty dollars in six shares of the Boston Bank at seventy five dollars a share, and four hundred and twenty dollars in seven shares of the State Bank with an advance upon them of twenty one dollars as they have the dividend on. There is still a balance of more than a hundred dollars which he is seeking to invest. This was on the whole, quite satisfactory, and I felt relieved from some anxiety on this account. Went to ride with my Mother and occupied the afternoon in answering George.2 I could not get all that I have to say in one letter. Evening with my Mother.
1. Missing.
2. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-24

Wednesday. 24th.

Morning at home, but instead of going to ride with my Mother, I took a walk today. Went to see the Solar Microscope which is exhibiting here.1 The room was suffocatingly hot, and it was not worth seeing after the philosophical lecture of Mr. Farrar at Cambridge. I was glad to escape and call in at Johnson’s Office to see him. He was full of his Carpenters and building. So is my brother John. This latter gentleman seems to be making up his mind to remain here. This is certainly better for me, and it may be so for himself. Of this he ought to be and is the Judge. My own views must be different if I live. But I have again terrible spirits, about myself, which have not worried me before since the Spring. Took a walk, and on my return, read a part of Burke’s Essay on the sublime and Beautiful. Evening with the family.
1. A solar microscope, “which magnifies objects one million times their natural size,” was being shown in a house east of the Rotunda on Pennsylvania Avenue (Daily National Intelligencer, 24 Sept. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-25

Thursday. 25th.

Morning at home. Copied a small portion of the Vaughan Papers on the North Eastern Boundary.1 Little or nothing remarkable occurred. Went to ride with my Mother and passed the afternoon in { 287 } writing a letter to Abby. It is now a long time since I have heard from her and what with this, and with my situation here, I felt very much depressed. I have been troubled with a head ache for some days. In the evening, Mrs. Frye and Mrs. Smith amused the family much but I was not in the feeling of high spirits.
1. Benjamin Vaughan (1751–1835), who had been influential in promoting confidence between the American commissioners and Lord Shelburne in the peace negotiations at the end of the War for Independence, now lived at Hallowell, Maine. In 1828 he sent JQA copies of his papers relating to the definition of the Maine boundary in 1782–1783. See DAB; Benjamin Vaughan to JQA, 28 Oct. 1828, Adams Papers, enclosing volumes 2 and 3 of the letterbooks Vaughan kept during the negotiation of the Treaty of Paris.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-26

Friday. 26th.

I am satisfied that this very still method of life will never do for me. A year has produced such a change. This day produced nothing remarkable. A long expected letter from Abby which did not gratify me as much as I expected for it was rather in a complaining tone. My head ache came on very badly after my return from a ride, and grew worse until evening when I was compelled to retire, being exceedingly sick at my stomach. I therefore went to bed fearful of a lung attack and excessively depressed in mind.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-27

Saturday 27th.

Arose feeling tolerably well but had scarcely got through with breakfast when my nausea returned with some violence. And some medicine I took made me feel very poorly. Passed the larger part of the day with my Mother who did not seem so well. Rode out with her. Weather pleasant. Afternoon occupied in copying some of the Vaughan papers and evening with the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-28

Sunday 28th.

Awoke this morning feeling quite well, but the idea of sickness has so pervaded me that I cannot get rid of the impression that I am sick. Morning with my Mother. My father came in and entered into conversation respecting houses in Boston which seemed to imply some overture to me. But I did not take it as such for it seemed to me indirect and his plan which related to Quincy’s house very absurd, if he applied it to me. This house rents for eight hundred and fifty dollars, altogether larger than I desire one.1 My Mother did not ride today. Wrote a letter to Abby.2 I feel a little put out at her writing as she does. It makes correspondence tame not to answer letters im• { 288 } mediately. Evening with my Mother. Johnson Hellen dined here and we talked politics as usual with him.
1. JQA contemplated buying a house owned by Mayor Quincy in the Colonnade, one of a series of nineteen houses extending along Tremont Street, from West Street to Mason Street. CFA misunderstood his purposes, however, for the President intended it for his own use after retirement (JQA to GWA, 28 Sept. 1828; LCA to GWA, 30 [i.e. 29] Sept. 1828, Adams Papers; Whitehill, Boston: A Topographical History, p. 66).
2. CFA’s letter in the Adams Papers is erroneously dated 29 Sept.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-29

Monday. 29th.

Morning passed at home. Tolerably well, but so completely convinced that I am sick that I determined to take some more medicine. Read aloud to my Mother a portion of Irving’s Life of Columbus.1 Received two letters, one from George2 and one from Abby. The former on business, informing me that one hundred dollars more had been invested in one share of the American Bank at 3 per cent advance, for which I am to have a dividend tomorrow. Also that I might have an Office in Court Street and that he was taking measures to have me admitted. All this is good news and after my return from my ride with my Mother I answered him in full upon all these points.3 The other letter from Abby, was not less pleasant although it complained of the coldness of my first letter which very much astonished me. It put me in tolerable spirits notwithstanding. For the first time since my arrival we had company to dinner.
Mr. Duponceau and his grand-daughter from Philadelphia,4 Genl. Harrison who starts for Colombia,5 and a certain Col. Thomas,6 with Johnson Hellen formed the Company. Bernay the Cook gave us a chef d’oeuvre of science and skill in the culinary art and for my life I could not avoid indulging though I knew I should be obliged to pay for it. The evening passed as usual. I had some conversation with Johnson afterwards.
1. CFA’s copy of Washington Irving’s A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus, 3 vols., N.Y., 1828, is in the Stone Library.
2. Missing.
3. Letter missing.
4. Pierre Etienne Du Ponceau (1760–1844), who had served as a French volunteer in the American Revolution, was now a leading Philadelphia lawyer (DAB).
5. William Henry Harrison (1773–1841), the future President, had been appointed minister to Colombia on 24 May 1828 (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
6. Possibly James Thomas, of Massachusetts, formerly a colonel in the quartermaster general’s office (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0009-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-09-30

Tuesday. 30th.

Took some medicine today again in order to prevent any recurrence { 289 } of these bilious symptoms during my stay here. The operation of it was not severe which convinces me that there was less occasion for it than I imagined. Morning passed with my Mother who seemed much better. Nothing occurred worthy of notice. My father seems at last to be making some arrangements for removal. But as yet I find nothing definite. I feel tempted to leave this place very much were it not that my Mother would suffer so much from it. Wrote a letter to Abby which took the afternoon,1 and passed the evening quietly with my Mother.
1. CFA’s letter in the Adams Papers is erroneously dated 1 October.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-01

Wednesday. October 1st.

The weather today was cloudy with occasional showers of rain which kept us all in the house. I passed nearly the whole day in company with my Mother and endeavouring to amuse her. To this end, I read a little more of the life of Columbus to her. She seems to be recovering more rapidly. But occasionally I see a symptom which alarms me more than I wish to say, and today, she had a violent one. Received a pleasant letter from Abby who seems to desire my return almost as much as I wish it myself. I did nothing today, and this perfect vegetation of existence is terrible to me, though the course is now such as to be only in me the fulfilment of a duty.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-02

Thursday. 2nd.

My room was changed this morning and I was established on much more comfortable principles than heretofore. Morning occupied in copying the Vaughan papers. The day was exceedingly fine and I took the opportunity of calling on Krehmer in return for his visit1 and paying a visit to Mrs. Johnston. I then walked down into the town to consult my tailor, for my clothes are in rather poor condition. Afternoon and evening with my Mother in conversation.
1. George Krehmer, second secretary of the Russian legation, with whom CFA as a boy had played in St. Petersburg (Force, National Calendar, 1829, p. 240; CFA to Abigail B. Brooks, 25 Sept. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-03

Friday. 3rd.

Morning fine. It was passed without any attention to any particular subject. The morning is so wasted by the late hour of breakfast and the time I pass in company with my Mother, that I have no time at all to occupy myself in any thing remarkably useful. Took a ride with her and Mary. On my return, occupied myself in writing a letter { 290 } to Abby which was not completed when dinner was announced. Mr. Williams of Baltimore dined here.1 He is District Attorney of Maryland, and a great friend to the present Government, and reported to be a man of talents, but I did not discover any thing particularly agreeable in his conversation. In the evening, I was with my Mother part of the evening and a part of it conversing with Mary.
1. Nathaniel Williams, the United States district attorney for Maryland (Force, National Calendar, 1828, p. 271).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-04

Saturday 4th.

Morning at home. Copied a good deal of the Vaughan papers before breakfast. Had an amusing and laughable conversation with Mrs. Smith and my Mother upon our prospects of which we make a laugh now at any rate. Received a letter from Abby informing me of her intention of going to pass a month at New York with her sister Fanny. I have no objection to this arrangement and have many reasons for liking it. It will have a good effect upon her to be away from home and it may prevent the repetition of importunity at a more unseasonable time. But I have a kind of apprehension attending it, that in some measure it may retard my marriage, a step which my mind is now bent upon with singular pertinacity. Rode out with my Mother, and found it late before my return, so that I did nothing before dinner and only sat conversing after it, during the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-05

Sunday. 5th.

Morning at home copying a portion of Mr. Vaughan’s Papers. The day was chill and cloudy so that I did not go out at all. I read part of Irving’s Life of Columbus aloud to my Mother. She seemed to be tolerably well. The day was extremely uninteresting in all respects. Evening in conversation with my Mother. I felt a little dull but the political prospect is rapidly closing, and certainty will soon appear. This will assist me in my arrangement about marriage very materially.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-06

Monday 6th.

Passed the morning at home. We breakfast so late now that I have an opportunity to copy some of the Vaughan papers. And the remainder of the morning, I pass in reading the Life of Columbus to my Mother. It becomes more interesting as we proceed. Took a walk today making some stop at my Tailor’s to give him some orders. The day was very fine. My mother overtook me in the Carriage and I went to ride with her. The rest of the day passed in writing to Abby { 291 } at New York. Evening with my father and Mother, engaged in a pleasant and lively conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-07

Tuesday. 7th.

Morning passed at home. Copying before breakfast and talking afterwards. Received the news of the Baltimore election and were a little depressed by it’s result.1 But I obtained a letter from Abby which was much more calculated to affect me. I do not know what has got possession of her but it seems to me as if she does not consult my feelings as much as I wish she did. My spirits are exceedingly variable and this brought them down quite low.2 I conversed on the subject with my Mother who did her best to soothe me. But I wanted much more than it was in her power to give. Took a ride with her and Mary in the little Carriage, the other having gone to be painted.
On this day, we were invited to dine with Mr. Vaughan, the English Minister, and accordingly we went at five o’clock. A very large Company. Genl. Ver Veer and his daughter from Holland on a mission to Nicaragua for the purpose of a survey of the isthmus, were the Lions. Mr. and Mrs. Huygens, daughters and son, Mr. and Mrs. Clay, Mr. and Mrs. Rush and two sons, Mr. and Mrs. Kuhn,3 Mr. and Mrs. Watkins, Mr. and Mrs. Bankhead, Genl. Harrison, and son, (a cub), Mr. Gilmor of B.,4 Mr. Brent, Wallenstein, Stackelberg, Mr. and Mrs. Johnston, and some others who may have escaped me. The dinner was as usual though not so good, and nothing remarkable occurred to me between Wallenstein and Stackelberg, excepting that I came near losing my seat. Returned soon, finding the news from Maryland much changed for the better. Evening with the family.
1. In the Baltimore elections to the Maryland House of Delegates two Jacksonians received majorities of about three hundred votes each (Daily National Intelligencer, 8 Oct. 1828).
2. To CFA’s suggestion of an early marriage Abigail replied: “If the President is reelected . . . , we will talk of being married, but though we talk it shall not take place until towards spring, not this winter” (Abigail B. Brooks to CFA, 2 Oct. 1828, Adams Papers).
3. Presumably Captain John L. Kuhn, paymaster of the marine corps, and his wife (Washington Directory, 1827).
4. Robert Gilmor, a Scottish merchant who had built up an extensive shipping business in Baltimore (DAB, 7:309).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-08

Wednesday 8th.

The days of dissipation are gone for me. The succeeding morning brings to me now, nothing but repentance. This is all new, and I cannot help feeling a sensation of regret when I reflect that the hey dey of youth, when the blood is high and the heart generous, is so soon gone with me. I have had my share of the pleasures of the senses; I { 292 } have had to make bitter atonement; and for the few hours which seem to me at this time like the gilded clouds over a setting sun, the beauty of their colours will not repay me for the shadow they cast upon futurity. But a truce with moralizing. The truth was, I felt heated and feverish in the morning after a sleepless night, and my spirits were not good. The morning passed in speculations upon the Maryland election and in conversation of a melancholy nature with my Mother. Paid a visit to Mr. Vaughan, in return for the dinner yesterday.
My father gave a dinner today to Genl. Verveer and his daughter. The Company consisted of Mr. Vaughan, Mr. and Mrs. Huygens, son and two daughters, Mr. Clay, Rush and Wirt, Mr. Montoya, Rebello, Genl. Macomb, Harrison and son, Capt. Rogers,1 Warrington, Baron Stackelberg, Col. Croghan,2 Mr. Nicholas of Virginia,3 Mr. Tayloe, Count de Menou, and others. The dinner was as handsome as usual but nothing occurred of particular interest. The remainder of the evening with the family.
1. Captain John Rodgers (1773–1828), the president of the Navy Board (DAB).
2. George Croghan (1791–1849), the inspector general of the army (DAB).
3. One of two Virginians, both named Robert Carter Nicholas, who both served in the War of 1812 (Heitman, Register U.S. Army).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-09

Thursday 9th.

My feelings were not much pleasanter today than they had been yesterday. After writing for a short time before breakfast, I did nothing during the remainder of the day. The morning was passed in conversation upon miscellaneous subjects and politics broached by the arrival of the mail with Maryland news of a decided and successful character.1 The government has fully sustained itself so far. Took a long ride with my Mother and Mary in the open Barouche and in the evening went to Mrs. Huygens’. Wrote a letter to Abby before dinner. It was an answer to Tuesday’s and written with as much restraint as possible. Indeed my feelings have in some measure changed since then and though still sore I have revived in hope. The party at Huygens’ was given in a room full of recollections to me. At the last party, a circumstance happened of deep interest to me and which has had a great influence on my life ever since. The company was dreary to me as I took no interest in any body there. I danced with Miss Verveer, and Matilda Pleasonton. The first out of compliment, the second for amusement. Returned at ten quite fatigued.
1. Incomplete reports from Maryland indicated that the Adams forces would have a heavy majority in the House of Delegates and allowed the prediction that nine of the state’s eleven electors would favor JQA’s reelection (Daily National Intelligencer, 9 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-10

Friday. 10th.

Copied a portion of Mr. Vaughan’s papers before breakfast which now becomes later and later. So that the morning is found to be exceedingly short. Little was done in it. I took a short walk and called at Johnson’s Office where he gave me the news of the political result in Delaware, which is quite favourable.1 Returned home. This contest is now raging with the utmost violence and it is impossible to decide in which way it will result. But our hopes are now high. Received a pretty letter from Abby, and on the whole felt in pretty good spirits. Took a long ride with my Mother and Mary and in the evening the family assembled in the circular room for the first time since my arrival here.
1. Two-thirds of the newly elected Delaware legislature was reported to be friendly to JQA (Daily National Intelligencer, 11 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-11

Saturday 11th.

Morning passed much as usual. A portion of it in copying and a part in company with the family. This is much the life of a drone, but it must be tolerated in the hope for improvement. Nothing new, excepting that the Banks in Boston have declared their dividends whereby I am benefitted. I ought to be there as my absence involves matters of much interest. George has not written me yet. Went the usual ride with the ladies and read some of Mr. Burke in the afternoon. We did not dine until late and so had a short evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-12

Sunday 12th.

Fine clear morning but colder than usual. Copied in the morning and read a little of the Life of Columbus aloud. Nothing new. Krehmer and Watkins called upon me but had little or nothing to say. Took a ride with my Mother and Mrs. Smith as Mary was quite unwell. The time for her confinement is approaching. Wrote a long letter to Abby which was not finished when the dinner bell rung. And I was afterward obliged to hurry it. Conversation with Mrs. Smith. Affairs of our family, which seems on the whole to be the most singular in the world for Hot water seems our element.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-13

Monday 13th.

Morning extremely windy and disagreeable. I did not go out of the House during the day. Occupied in copying until the mail came in when I received two letters from Abby, one from her at Boston and the other at New York. They were both extremely pleasant and the latter more especially devoted to the discussion of the matter of our marriage. { 294 } In the afternoon I sat down and answered it fully. She seems timid on the subject and not conscious how to act, and there is something which I cannot understand influencing her. Evening quietly with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-14

Tuesday. 14th.

The weather which for some days has been windy and boisterous is now settling into a clear cold, and announcing to us the approach of Winter. Morning occupied in writing. Little of any consequence has taken place of late and my Journal is more dull than usual. I feel anxious to be in Boston, and still feel a little disagreeably at the idea of the life I must lead when I get there. Time is now passing over rapidly however. I went to ride with my Mother, and found it quite cold, the Carriage being open. Afternoon passed in reading Mr. Burke and evening much as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-15

Wednesday. 15th.

Morning passed much as usual, copying a portion of the time and doing nothing more. I am ashamed to be obliged to record so often my indolent habit of life but as I am strongly in hopes it will soon cease, this is my consolation. Went out with John and Mr. Smith to the races today. This practice seems to be going out of vogue here for this was a very slender course. The riding also was quite poor, and as the day did not make exposure the most agreeable thing in the world, I was delighted to be able to return home. I then went out and took a ride with my Mother, after which, the afternoon was filled up with a letter to my friend Richardson.1 Evening at home. Bagatelle with Mrs. Smith.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-16

Thursday. 16th.

This morning passed in reading Mr. Burke on the sublime after copying a little. Found myself threatened with a head ache, and had one of my terrible fits of low spirits. Received a letter from Abby which I answered immediately. She is enjoying herself in New York. My head became so bad, I declined going to the races, but rode afterwards in an open Carriage with my Mother. The pain increased until after my return when it went off and during the rest of the day I had little or nothing of it. If I could keep my thoughts pleasantly employed and not harass my mind with the particular terms under which I suffer so much, it would be much to my advantage, this kind of life will not do.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0017

Author: CFA
DateRange: 1828-10-17 - 1829-09-05

[Titlepage]

Diary
17 October 1828
5 September 1829.
My Marriage.1
[epigraph]

“What is a man,

If his chief good, and market of his time,

Be but to sleep, and feed? a beast, no more.

Sure, he, that made us with such large discourse

Looking before, and after, gave us not

That capability and godlike reason

To rust [fust] in us unus’d.”

Hamlet.Hamlet.
1. Titlepage of D/CFA/7, from which the following entries through 3 September 1829 (ending the present volume) derive. See the descriptive listing of CFA’s MS diaries in the Introduction. CFA’s concluding date “5 September 1829” is his own error.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-17

October. 1828. Friday. 17th.

It is usual for me to moralise a little upon commencing a new Volume of my Journal but upon this occasion I feel infinitely little disposed so to do. My last Volume contains much of happiness and some misery, but on the whole it is a specimen of the best part of life. Before I can arrive at the close of my present undertaking, it is probable that my lot whether for good or for evil will have been cast. My mind is now inclined to gloomy foreboding, but I hope for the best and as is usual, rely upon divine providence for support.
The morning was passed in reading Mr. Burke on the Sublime and Beautiful, which work I finished. But it affords room for much more study than a single attentive reading. Went with Mr. Smith and John to the race ground where we saw a very prettily contested match, but it did not last long as the wind of one of the horses gave out somewhat. But it was interesting and with the beauty of the day it paid us fully { 296 } for going to see it. On returning, I paid a visit to Baron Krudener1 and walked over to see the commencement of John’s intended house.2 The remainder of the afternoon was filled up with writing to George.3 I sent him a draft on the Branch Bank for one hundred and eighty dollars which together with the balance in his hands already I want him to invest for me. Evening at home with the family.
1. The Russian envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 220).
2. Located on the west side of Sixteenth Street, between I and K streets, less than two blocks north of the President’s Square (Bemis, JQA, 2:193).
3. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-18

Saturday 18th.

Morning at home. Read a portion of the Life of Columbus to my Mother. The mail brought us pretty poor News of a political character from Pennsylvania.1 Took a walk. Day lovely, met Johnson Hellen, chattered half an hour with him. Spirits very variable. Returned to take a ride with my Mother from which we did not return until late. Thomas B. Adams arrived this evening from Quincy looking well, on his way to Old Point Comfort. Passed the evening at home.
1. The Jackson ticket had received a large majority in Pennsylvania (Daily National Intelligencer, 20 Oct. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-19

Sunday 19th.

Arose quite late and had therefore but little time to copy much. After breakfast, I went to St. John’s Church and heard Dr. Beasley of Philadelphia preach.1 His Sermon did not strike me much. On my return I found an extremely pleasant letter from Abby, which I answered in the course of the day, after returning from my usual ride with my Mother.
Mr. Clay dined with us and Mr. Gales came in after dinner. We had a great deal of conversation and I never before met with so good an opportunity of seeing them in contrast. By them, I mean my father and Mr. Clay. They discussed many subjects, the Ghent treaty occasioned by Mr. Jonathan Russel’s expose lately published to injure them,2 the Seminole war, and other matters. It is needless to say that on the second subject, they differed widely,3 they have always done so. Clay has become much of an egotist owing to the constant individual pressure upon him which has contributed constantly to make himself the subject of his story, but he still has uncommon points. And no one can listen to his conversation when free and unreserved without being considerably fascinated. He sat very late and on the { 297 } whole, I consider this as one of the most fortunate occurrences of my life, by which I was admitted behind the scenes and saw these men exhibited in some of their brightest respective points. The Conversation was very animated but it rolled on so many points that although I wished it, I could not fix upon any thing sufficiently definite to commit it to paper as remarkable. Mr. Jefferson’s letter relative to my father’s course upon the Embargo, lately published,4 Mr. Lloyd’s letter about the fisheries,5 Mr. Clay’s course upon the Seminole affairs, and some remarks upon Mr. Tallmadge of New York comprised the points of conversation upon each of which there was a good deal of discussion. Evening short in consequence.
1. The Rev. Frederick Beasley, provost of the University of Pennsylvania (Desilver’s Philadelphia Directory, 1828).
2. Jonathan Russell (1771–1832), who had been one of the American commissioners at Ghent, in 1822 charged that JQA had been willing to surrender the right of free navigation on the Mississippi River to the British at the end of the War of 1812 in exchange for American control of the northeastern fisheries. JQA exposed Russell’s errors in a devastating pamphlet entitled The Duplicate Letters, the Fisheries and the Mississippi, Washington, 1822. See JQA, Writings, 7:250–335.
3. Clay and his friends had denounced Andrew Jackson’s invasion of Florida in 1818, during which he seized St. Marks and Pensacola and hanged Arbuthnot and shot Ambrister, as an unauthorized act of war, in violation of the Constitution, but JQA denied that Jackson had violated his instructions and justified his actions “by the necessities of the case and by the misconduct of the Spanish commanding officers in Florida” (Bemis, JQA, 1:315).
4. Somehow it became known that Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death had written W. B. Giles not one but two letters concerning JQA. One, supposed to be held confidential, Giles had published in 1827 in order to injure JQA’s presidential chances (see entry for 14 Sept. 1827, and note, above). At the request of Archibald Stuart, a stanch Adams supporter, Thomas J. Randolph, Jefferson’s grandson, had recently produced a copy of the other letter, which Giles had withheld because it praised JQA. Dated 25 December 1825, it related in a somewhat jumbled fashion the aged President’s recollection that JQA in 1808 had declared that the Massachusetts Federalists were “in negotiation with agents of the British government” and that repeal of the embargo was “absolutely necessary” in order to remove “temptations . . . such as might debauch many from their fidelity to the Union” (HA, New-England Federalism, p. 10–13).
5. In 1823 Senator James Lloyd of Massachusetts had appealed to President Monroe for protection of American rights in the Pacific Northwest. Replying for the President, JQA advocated upholding the American claim to the entire Columbia River basin against both Great Britain and Russia, and he announced again his noncolonization principle (Bemis, JQA, 1:514–515).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-20

Monday 20th.

Arose very late owing to the darkness of the morning. It rained very heavily for the first time since my arrival here. Detained at home all day, occupied in very little. A little of Columbus in the morning and the life of Byron in the remainder of the day. Little news of any kind. { 298 } Evening quiet with the family. The political affairs of the day are now rapidly approaching the crisis. I wish it over very heartily.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-21

Tuesday. 21st.

Morning pleasant. After copying a little, passed the morning in great indolence. Went out with Thomas B. Adams to show him some of the Lions of the City. We went to the Capitol Hill and I made a stop with him at Judge Cranch’s for him to deliver some letters. We then walked over the Capitol looking at all things that were to be seen: to me they were familiar, but I was still glad of an opportunity to look at them again, perhaps for the last time. After a considerable examination, we returned, having passed the afternoon pretty completely. After dinner Mrs. Smith, Abby Adams, Thomas and I went down to drink tea with Mrs. Frye. We found Johnson Hellen there. Mrs. Newman from Baltimore is at present on a visit to her. The evening passed quite pleasantly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-22

Wednesday 22nd.

Morning pleasant. Occupied in copying a little and find that I shall get through with the Vaughan papers during my stay here. Read some of Mr. Burke. Received a letter from Abby which was extremely pleasant and in answering it, John and Thomas interrupted me to go with them fishing. This passed the afternoon. We went to the rocks near Mrs. Frye’s and had pretty good sport. I returned and finished my regular letter to Abby notwithstanding. In the evening we had a pleasant Oyster Supper after which Thomas and I took a long walk. The night was lovely.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-23

Thursday 23rd.

Morning quite warm. This season is what they call here Indian Summer. At home reading Mr. Burke on the State of the Nation. Passed the afternoon in making an outline of a letter to Mr. Brooks. The Oyster Supper did not quite agree with me. Took a ride with my Mother. A company to dine today. Gov. Cass, Mr., Mrs. and Miss Eliot, Miss Lamb,1 Judge and Miss Cranch, Mrs. Dawes, Mr. and Mrs. Barrel, Dr. Watkins, Dr. Huntt, Mr. Persico,2 Col. Trumbull, Mr. Frye and the family. It was a singular collection but it passed off very well. I sat between Mr. Persico and Dr. Huntt.
1. Hannah Dawes Eliot, who was shortly to marry Thomas Lamb, of Boston, was accompanied by her parents and by her future sister-in-law (Columbian Centinel, 5 Nov. 1828).
2. E. Luigi Persico (1791–1860), the { 299 } Neapolitan sculptor who was engaged to execute several pieces for the Capitol (Groce and Wallace, Dict. Amer. Artists).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-24

Friday. 24th.

Morning pleasant. Passed in reading Mr. Burke and wasting much of the time. After luncheon, walked out with Thomas and paid visits to the Secretary at War and Mr. King’s Gallery of Paintings where we lounged until late. On my return, I was occupied in writing a rough draught of a letter to Mr. Brooks, but as I proceed in it, I feel less confident in my success. Extraordinary as it seems, I have a most singular feeling when I take up my pen to address him and can write nothing to please me. Evening at home, and very quiet.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-25

Saturday 25th.

Morning quite warm and pleasant. Passed a portion of it in copying Mr. Vaughan’s papers and another part in reading Mr. Burke. This with a call or two with Thomas at some of the principal houses here finished the time until luncheon, after which I took a walk and answered a letter from Abby received this morning. I felt as if I had very little fluency today and so finished only four pages, instead of the more common quantity of five. Her letter was a pleasant one, and giving me notice of her return to Boston shortly. Evening quietly at home. Thomas Hellen dined here. He looks shockingly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-26

Sunday 26th.

The weather very warm and sultry today. Went to St. John’s this morning and heard Mr. Hawley preach a Sermon. I admire the Episcopal service. If I consulted my own feelings, I would always attend the Church of that sect. It is the only one in which my feelings of devotion are excited. One feels less the want of merit in a Preacher because you feel yourself capable of partaking equally in the services. This cannot be where you must trust a man to pray for you. He may not and probably will not draw your attention. In the afternoon, I wrote and sent a letter to Mr. Brooks on the subject of my marriage.1 It is gratifying to think the thing off my mind. The result will soon come, and all I can trust to is the purity of my motives. I have done my duty as far as I can.
1. CFA’s letter was an argument against further extending his engagement. Recognizing that the combined allowances promised by JQA and by P. C. Brooks would “barely suffice to support us,” CFA stiffly reminded his prospective father-in-law that his financial prospects were not likely to improve in the immediate future, for it would be years before he earned his living at { 300 } the bar. An objection to CFA on this ground, therefore, would be “equally good for ten years as for a day.” “If it prevails,” CFA warned, “I have already frankly told Abby that our engagement must cease” (CFA to P. C. Brooks, 26 Oct. 1828, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-27

Monday 27th.

Morning passed at home. Little or nothing material occurring. I received a letter this morning from Mr. Brooks most unexpectedly, but it contained little of interest. It made me for a moment regret my having sent this letter yesterday, but on reflection, it seems to me lucky as I should perhaps have been a little diverted from my original purpose. Now, the die is cast. I read some of Burke, played Billiards with Thomas, and went down to Mr. Frye’s with Thomas and John to dine. We had a pleasant time and spent the evening playing Whist.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-28

Tuesday. 28th.

Morning at home, reading and wasting it, with the exception of a visit or two with Thomas at Mr. Huygens’ and in return to the young Mr. Rush’s.1 The weather was fine but windy. On my return I was disappointed by not receiving my usual letter from Abby. This and some little feeling of sickness contributed to make me dull the remainder of the day. My spirits are barely kept from sinking here by considerable exertion. The evening was passed at home in the usual manner without any occurrence of interest.
1. Presumably Benjamin Rush (1811–1877), the son of Richard Rush, who was attending Princeton. See Letters of Benjamin Rush, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Princeton, 1951, 2:1081.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-29

Wednesday. October 29th.

Morning beautiful. Remained at home writing and answering a letter from Abby which reached me this morning instead of yesterday occasioned by a delay in the Post. I rode afterwards to the Norfolk Steam Boat to see Thomas off to his destination at Old Point. The day was as fine as any of the most beautiful we have in this finest season of the year. On my return I finished my letter to Abi and passed the evening as usual, quietly at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-30

Thursday. 30th.

Pleasant morning. I finished the collection of Vaughan papers this morning, and have not found so much information in them as I expected. They are very prolix. After luncheon I walked to the Capitol { 301 } to examine the figures lately finished in the Tympanum of the Building. The effect of them struck me very much, and on the whole, I have the impression that the front is as beautiful a specimen of modern architecture as any in the world. The figures are large, and seem remarkably well finished, particularly the figure of Justice and the Eagle which I particularly admired. On my walk I met Horace Dawes, an old friend of mine but one whom changes of circumstances and difference of situation have separated me from for many years and will continue to do so. But I am his well-wisher still. Evening quietly at home. Col. Trumbull called and sat an hour.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0010-0032

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-10-31

Friday 31st.

Arose this morning with a slight head ache which worried me for nearly the whole of the day. I remained at home and read some of a life of the late King of England which I took up to give me some idea of the facts which existed during the reign, and not from any merit in the work which is the production of a man named Scott.1 There was a dinner here today. I received and answered a pleasant letter from Abi which I answered in the afternoon previous to it. This is possibly the last dinner which I shall witness in this House. The Company consisted of Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Porter,2 Mr. Vaughan, Mrs. St. André, Baron Krudener, Mr. Bresson, Judge Anderson,3 Sir William Eden, a young English puppy,4 Mr. Baillie, Mr. Bankhead, Doyle, Ternaux a companion of Bresson on his tour, Krehmer, Orhanda, Russians, Dr. Lovell, Mr. Lovell,5 Mr. Anderson,6 Baron Lederer,7 Mr. Richardson of Baltimore8 and this family. The dinner was a beautiful specimen of the richest of luxury. And I partook of it accordingly, after which, I went with Mr. and Mrs. Smith to Mrs. Rush’s where we passed an hour not tediously though not very agreeably. We returned early.
This is the day upon which the great Presidential question which has so long agitated the Country commences to assume a definitive result. And our family are at last to cease being the eternal subjects of contention and abuse. I am rejoiced at this, and as to the general prospect, whatever it may be, I rely with great confidence in Heaven, that in any event, it will turn out for the best.
1. Robert Scott (pseud. of James Robins), The History of England during the Reign of George III, 4 vols., London, 1824.
2. Peter Buell Porter (1773–1844), had since May 1828 been the Secretary of War (DAB).
3. Joseph Anderson (1757–1837), the First Comptroller of the Treasury (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
4. Sir William Eden (b. 1803), who was to become 6th Baronet of Windle-stone Hall in 1844 (Edward Walford, The County Families of the United Kingdom, London, 1868, p. 314).
5. Dr. Joseph Lovell, the surgeon-gen• { 302 } eral, and his uncle, James Lovell, of Boston (JQA, Diary, 29 Oct. 1828).
6. Alexander Outlaw Anderson (1794–1869), the son of the First Comptroller, who later became Senator from Tennessee (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
7. The Austrian consul (Force, National Calendar, 1828, p. 285).
8. Presumably George R. Richardson, a Baltimore lawyer (Matchett’s Baltimore Directory, 1831).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-01

Saturday November 1st.

Morning dark and cloudy. I was oppressed with head ache during the morning in consequence perhaps of a little indiscretion at table yesterday. My system has lost it’s tone for rich living. I read and was delighted with the speech of Mr. Burke upon American taxation, and continued the biography of George the 3d besides a little of the life of Columbus aloud to my Mother, which it will not be in my power to finish, however, until after my return home. In the evening, I recovered and passed it as usual, in conversation, and reading and playing backgammon with my Mother.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-02

Sunday. 2d.

The day extremely cloudy and heavy rain. Being the first rain of any continuance which we have had since my departure from Boston. I remained at home but did little or nothing but read. Finished a volume of Scott’s Biography of George 3d. The remainder of the time was passed in dull conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-03

Monday. 3d.

The day was extremely rainy and dark, being in some measure similar in it’s tempestuous character to the human agitation which is going on. This day closes the struggle for power which has been so long distressing the nation. It’s result is with God. I remained at home all day conversing with my Mother and the family upon indifferent subjects. My stay here is rapidly closing and with it the languor which has relaxed my mind. The future does not present much pleasure at present but I rely on the Deity. My feelings are at this moment strongly religious. They arise from the peculiarity of my situation which leads me to find consolation in hope. I never express it in public for a man’s heart should be known only to his Maker. Read a volume of the biography of George the Third.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-04

Tuesday. 4th.

Arose early in the morning and commenced my preparations for { 303 } my removal. Made all my arrangements previous to the arrival of the Mail waiting only to see if any letter from Abby would change my decision. One arrived which instead of changing confirmed it. I therefore packed my trunk in the afternoon and had time also to take a ride with my mother, calling upon my Aunt Frye to take my leave. She was not at home. On my return my Father called upon me and asked me into his room. When he gave me a sum of money for my travelling expenses and made me also a gift of two shares in the Middlesex Canal Company.1 This was meant as kindness, and I received it as well as I could, but nothing like this can efface the effect of the conversation of last August.2 It burns like a rankling sore; it is destined to have a material influence upon my futurity, for it cut me in the most agonized spot. But as my father, I must still respect him and though he has misunderstood me most fatally, I shall not cease to perform my duties with only a less willing heart. Evening with the family.
1. The shares were worth about $250 each. See CFA, “A Paper on the Middlesex Canal,” 7 Feb. 1829, in his Composition Book, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 315.
2. See entry for 22 Aug., above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-05

Wednesday. 5th.

I saw none of the family this morning before I left the City.1 Perhaps this is my last visit, and I look back upon scenes which convey to me the only associations of entire happiness which it has been my lot to meet with as yet in this world. Here my careless days have been passed when I have not felt that I had any cause for exertion and when futurity was not to me as it now is a source of dread. Although this last visit has not been like the former ones, it has still brought up to me many moments of happiness. The kindness of my Mother has compensated to me for many things. In her I have always had a friend, and although she could not feel entirely as I do, she could still produce a strong influence in soothing my moments of gloom.
Our passage to Baltimore was not remarkable for any thing. The day was lovely and the passengers in the Stage pleasant enough excepting that they were a little too much disposed to the discussion of political matter. We arrived at Baltimore in time for the Steam Boat and I launched off immediately to Philadelphia. I met on board Mr. Armstrong with whom I had been slightly acquainted formerly. He is going to Lima as a Commercial Agent.2 He introduced me to Lieut. Macauley of the Marine Corps,3 and we travelled during a rainy night in Company.
{ 304 }
1. Angry with JQA over financial matters, CFA deliberately avoided saying goodbye to his father, who was “cruelly disappointed” (LCA to CFA, 9 Nov. 1828, Adams Papers).
2. Andrew Armstrong, of Pennsylvania, formerly the United States commercial agent at Port-au-Prince (Force, National Calendar, 1828, p. 101).
3. James McCawley, of Pennsylvania (same, p. 230).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-06

Thursday 6th.

The rain ceased before morning and we found ourselves moving rapidly towards Philadelphia in a Cold North Westerly. Having arrived, I decided upon going on by the next boat and therefore only walked up into the City to examine whatever might be new. I walked to the Mansion House, met Quincy and had some conversation with him. Was quite surprised to see him away from the Law. I ordered myself a Coat at Watson’s1 which I thought I might obtain for my Wedding and then returned on board. Found Macauley who was going on. We went in the Trenton and had a tolerably favourable time though excessively jolted and bruised by our land transportation to Brunswick. We arrived in good season and Macauley and I took the same room.
1. Charles C. Watson and Sons, at 92 Chesnut Street (Desilver’s Philadelphia Directory, 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-07

Friday 7th.

Morning pleasant when we were called up to go on board of the Steam Boat to New York. I had not enjoyed a very good night’s rest but found myself in sufficiently good order to continue without complaint. The prevailing topic of conversation as we approach the City is the election and I was witness to a rather ludicrous scene in the Cabin where our Captain was haranguing for the administration. We arrived before ten and finding that I could go no further today, I was content to put up for twenty four hours at the City Hotel. This time I improved by calling upon Mrs. De Wint who made me visit a Mrs. Willett, a bride, because she did not know what to do with me. I felt awkwardly but it could not be helped. I then dined with Sidney Brooks and his wife, and Chardon. Abby had gone, though quite sick, on Wednesday, and the accounts here made me anxious to hasten. Our dinner was pleasant. I then walked with Sidney to the Store, spent a short time with him and finished the evening at the Bowery Theatre. My purpose was to see Madame Vestris1 dance, for which purpose I was compelled to drag through a very ranting performance of Richard the third. I used to like Booth.2 But either he or my taste { [fol. 304] } { [fol. 304] } { [fol. 304] } { [fol. 304] } { 305 } has altered. It is long since I felt so thoroughly fatigued as I did this evening.
1. Maria Ronzi Vestris and her husband, Charles Ronzi Vestris, French dancers, made their New York debut in August 1828 (Brown, History of the American Stage, p. 367).
2. Junius Brutus Booth (1796–1852), the English actor, was famous for his portrayal of Richard III.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-08

Saturday 8th.

I found nothing but Clouds and rain upon my awaking this morning and had many fears that I should be detained in New York. But the weather became clear gradually and our prospect before Noon was fair. I wasted the morning for want of something to do, and killed half an hour at Blunt’s Office hearing the political News. One district in New England has gone for Jackson and that has produced a very great sensation.1 The party are encouraged by the returns from New York but I confess I have litle or no confidence in the result. I called at Sidney Brooks’ house to take leave of his wife, and after a hurried dinner, went on board the Steam Boat Washington for Providence. Found Chardon Brooks on board with a lady in charge. We had a pretty fair run during the afternoon, and evening.
1. Jackson carried one district in Maine; JQA received all fifty of the other New England electoral votes (Edward Stanwood, A History of the Presidency from 1788 to 1897, Boston, 1926, 1:149).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-09

Sunday 9th.

I slept better than usual in a birth, during the night, and found myself in the morning off Newport. Our passage was a tolerable one. We arrived at a quarter past ten o’clock and started directly for Boston in the Mail Stage. Our trip was quite rapid and pleasant. Indeed I never remember being better suited. Perhaps my object to be gained was agreeable for my arrival in Boston at three in exactly twenty four hours unexpectedly allowed me time enough to go to Medford this afternoon. I did and found Abby had only arrived in the morning. Instead of finding her sick, she was looking extremely well, and I have never had purer moments of unmingled pleasure than the few hours which passed this evening. Fleet as the wind happiness passes, gloom remains like a calm. My hours may be few, my futurity may be dismal, but it cannot take away from me the memory, while I live, of the day before I left and the evening I again saw my dearest Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-10

Monday. 10th.

Moments of happiness will pass and if I have already passed the { 306 } most exquisite minutes of my life, it is no more than the fate of every man. I returned to Boston this morning and immediately went to George’s Office. I found him and passed the morning in conversation with him upon general politics and particular family affairs. He had been to perform my requests, hearing that I was in town. He had engaged a room for me at Mrs. Tarbell’s and had made arrangements respecting an Office.1 He had also purchased for me a certificate for three shares in the Fire and Marine Insurance Company for which he paid fifty one dollars for fifty making one hundred and fifty three dollars, and thirty seven cents for Commission. This leaves a balance which he passed to me. I then drew the Dividend upon the Stock which was purchased some time ago and deposited the whole in the Branch Bank. I am on the whole very well content with this distribution. I dined with George at Dr. Welsh’s. Nothing new there, after which I went to see Mrs. Tarbell and agreed upon taking possession there tomorrow.2 This occupied much of the afternoon, the rest was passed in giving current to that flow of conversation which usually happens between brothers after they have been apart for some time. I passed the evening at the Theatre and saw Wallack3 in the part of Macbeth. It was not an effective performance. I then returned to the Exchange where I passed the night.
1. CFA’s office, at 10 Court Street, was “a pleasant but very little room not more than twelve feet by ten” for which he paid seventy-five dollars a year (CFA to LCA, 15 Nov. 1828 and 10 Jan. 1829, Adams Papers).
2. Mrs. Thomas Tarbell, wife of an importer of European and Indian goods, lived at 11 Avon Place (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
3. James William Wallack (1794–1864), an English actor (Brown, History of the American Stage, p. 372).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-11

Tuesday 11th.

Arose early and went to the Office. Finding myself now in possession of one I immediately set to making arrangements for it’s occupation. I went to Mrs. Wilson’s and transferred my Furniture from my old room with a joyful heart. For my time there was not among the pleasantest recollections of my life. I placed most of it in my Office as I do not propose to make my room at Mrs. Tarbell’s a sitting room, either on the ground of economy or health. I dined at a Restorateur as I wished to cut my connection with the Exchange as soon as possible; passed the afternoon at George’s Office and the evening. Took possession of my room at Mrs. Tarbell’s this evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-12

Wednesday. 12th.

Morning extremely rainy, wet and uncomfortable. I remained at { 307 } home until ten o’clock waiting for George, who promised to come and take me to Quincy. He arrived at last and we started in the midst of a disagreeable storm. Our ride was about as unpleasant as it possibly could be. The object I had in view was to attend the dedication of the New Church in Quincy, to plant the acorns my father gave to my charge, and to obtain the things which I had left in my Summer’s residence here. The day cleared off bitterly cold before the services were finished. They were not at all of an impressive character to my mind, but I differ so much from others in these feelings that my tastes are to me troubles.1
My Uncle Adams had a dinner provided for many and it was as uncomfortable as they usually are. Unfortunately for me my ideas of this place are never associated with comfort or pleasure. And inasmuch as the News of today2 confirms us in the belief that it must shortly become the residence of my father, these reflections are hardly of an agreeable character. On the whole, however, I feel grateful that this information should have been delayed until the defeat gives me no great trial. The very evening that finds me safely housed with a private family brings news which among crowds would be productive of much pain. My Journey has been accomplished and the whole is over. George and I rode into town in a bleak north west wind and I was glad to find a comfortable fire.
1. A printed program of the dedication services at the New Stone Congregational Church in Quincy, 12 Nov. 1828, is in the Adams Papers. Rev. Peter Whitney preached the sermon.
2. Martin Van Buren was elected governor of New York by a large majority, and even the districts which Adams men had confidently claimed supported the Jacksonian ticket (Daily National Intelligencer, 13 Nov. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-13

Thursday 13th.

I walked down this morning to obtain some wood for my office as tomorrow I propose to put it in operation. I am not yet admitted to the Bar but shall be at the opening of the next Term so as to be able to transact any business given to me which I do not expect however to be much. I walked to Mrs. Frothingham’s to pay her a visit and met Abby on the road. I went with her to see Miss Anne Carter who though an Invalid is not in a consumption as I had supposed a year since.
Thus the morning passed and the time came for me to go out to Medford with Mr. Brooks. He took the opportunity of answering my application some time since.1 He was short, merely saying that he wished it deferred for a year until he might build another House for his daughter, that I was young and next Autumn would be time { 308 } enough. This was an unexpected blow, and prostrated my spirits at once. To have this thing delayed for a year longer after my patience and hope seems like removing all prospect of happiness beyond the limits of human sight. I submitted on two grounds. One including my peculiar subject of trouble which forbids my insisting upon what I cannot foretel certainly the result of, the other, that I may relieve my father just now. But the disappointment is still severe, and my feelings will be long sore upon the subject. My own feelings are strong. They will probably lead me to despise the miserably timid policy which hedges me in; they will certainly create regret in after times if I should find a year of happiness lost. But as it is, I submit and commit my soul to God. I had some conversation with Abby in which I explained to her the course I should think it necessary to take in consequence.2 This brought tears and bitterness. But conscious of being actuated by the most excellent motives, I was obliged to bear all in sorrow and in hope. How different from the feelings of Saturday! These are the constant vicissitudes of life, sunshine and clouds.
1. See entry for 26 Oct., and note, above.
2. The details of CFA’s proposed new course are unclear. Apparently he planned to spend much more of his time in his office and to see Abigail only infrequently. See undated, incomplete letter of CFA to Abigail B. Brooks [22 Nov. 1828], Adams Papers.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-14

Friday 14th.

Returned to town this morning with Mr. Brooks. The weather was pleasant but cool. I took possession of my Office this morning and began to feel somewhat more at home. But the bitter feelings of yesterday were in their full operation and I could only bend to the storm. My brother came in and we had some conversation. He feels deeply the result of this election which to me now is comparatively unimportant. One whole year more in the way I passed the last is too much to think of. I occupied myself in reading but not with fixed attention and in the evening walked up and paid a visit to my old fellow student Davis at Mr. Webster’s Office, with whom I had much pleasant conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-15

Saturday 15th.

I do not know that I have ever had so severe a trial as this. My thoughts are intent upon it night and day; I do not sleep for it, I cannot read with it. This morning I went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s and for half an hour suffered severely. The muscles of my face could hardly be kept in order, by which I judge the struggle must have { 309 } been great. I accompanied her to Julia Gorham’s but was glad to get away to my room again to indulge in solitude and gloom. My life here in Boston in the midst of solitude and the depressing feelings occasioned by the kind of dependence which I experienced through my engagement last year, are terrible to think of. The course of Mr. Brooks to me has not been handsome, intimating as he does that my youth and want of occupation are objections to me, without thinking that such allusions do no good now and irritate my feelings besides. These things remain in a tenacious memory and will probably have no very pleasant effect in future life if ever I should surmount my difficulties, either upon his happiness or mine in the relations we may hold to each other. How much might be spared men in this life. Rolling in wealth as he is, a little well disposed might do much, but with a timid doctrine, the consequence of habits of early years, he delays it while every day takes off something from the value of the gift. The only reason for delay is not known to him. It remains with me. Were it not for that, she should be mine directly. The day passed on.
In the evening, I attended a meeting of the Private Debating Society1 to which I have been admitted a Member. A debate took place which lasted until after nine o’clock, so that though strongly tempted I did not see Abby this evening. This is the first of my self-denial.
1. The Boston Debating Society (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 142).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-16

Sunday. 16th.

Morning pleasant. I went to St. Paul’s Church after calling upon George who was not prepared to go with me. Heard Mr. Potter,1 and deeply, solemnly did I accord in the Prayer this morning, that I might be encouraged to the performance of whatever was before me. My feelings once or twice almost overpowered me when I came to passages which had peculiar application to the state of my mind. On the whole, I felt better when I withdrew. These sensations must exhaust themselves.
On my return, I found a note from Abby2 asking me to dine with Mrs. P. C. Brooks Jr. which I determined to do as I had not seen her yet. Found there Abby and Susan Phillips. We had a tolerably pleasant dinner and on my return home, I read the life of William Caxton published by the Society for Knowledge in England.3 It was exceeding dry and uninteresting. After the afternoon service, I drove with Abby to Winter Hill and took tea with Mrs. Everett. I seized the opportunity of their going to Washington, to send on my Volume of Executive Record and some other little Commissions which my Mother gave me. They { 310 } go on Wednesday, and I shall not see them again. Rode to Medford and passed the evening there. Horatio Brooks, Abby’s youngest brother was there, just returned from Gibraltar.4 I had never seen him before. Conversation with Abby upon affairs in general and our marriage in particular. Much feeling on both sides as to the course I think proper to take.
1. Alonzo Potter was the Episcopal rector of St. Paul’s Cathedral, on Tremont Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
2. Missing.
3. See entry for 2 May, and note, above.
4. Horatio Brooks (1809–1843). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-17

Monday. 17th.

Returned to town this morning after a short conversation with Abby, somehow unaccountably relieved from my low spirits. Instead of feeling gloomy at so long a separation from her compared to those I formerly had, my heart seemed relieved from a load. I presume this course had been pressing upon my mind in anticipation, and so, when it once was commenced my courage rose to the trial. Morning at the Office. Conversation with George and reading Law. In the afternoon, reading Mr. Burke’s Speech on the plan of Economical Reform. This and a conversation with Mr. Degrand at George’s Office made it pass rapidly.
Mr. Degrand came to propose to me a partnership. I was to furnish a Capital, and we were to take his experience in the Market to loan Money on good Notes for short spaces of time. This no doubt would be a profitable plan, but the question immediately occurring where my Capital was to come from, his idea to meet that was amusing. I was to ask my father to give me twenty thousand dollars, and he intimated only, that I was to borrow as much from Mr. Brooks on the strength of my engagement with Abby. Of course such a proposition was absurd, in all it’s faces. I mentioned it here only as one of the curious occurrences in my life. I laughed the matter off as well as I could and so we parted. But he will not apply to me again. I sat in my Office this evening for the first time and read Burke.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-18

Tuesday 18th.

Morning at the Office. Commenced reading regularly the Massachusetts Reports and propose now to pass my Mornings in devoting myself to the Profession of the Law. I have been made to drink so much of the bitterness of dependence, that I hope now not to cease my exertions until I am on my own ground. But independence would bring to me { 311 } none but sad reflections, as it would proceed from the consciousness of having been forced to it when others who had no better claim than I are equally assisted without the labour. This is a very incorrect system of education. It checks the well disposed for it gives them little encouragement to meet the labour of life. Afternoon reading Burke and some of the History of the United States.
On my return home in the evening, I took up the Boston Daily Advertiser and noticed a piece signed a Yankee Farmer, attacking my father on the old score of 1807 [1808].1 It was such an evident attempt to act upon the public mind unfairly, that I could not help sitting down on my return to my Office, and answering it at least so far as to expose the partial effect it was designed to have. This took up all the evening excepting time for the eleventh Book of Milton.2
1. After the publication of Jefferson’s letter to W. B. Giles (see entry for 19 Oct., and note, above), JQA authorized the National Intelligencer to publish on 21 October a statement in his name which corrected some obvious errors in Jefferson’s recollections but which reaffirmed his belief that Massachusetts Federalists in 1808 were seeking the cooperation of Great Britain with a view to the “dissolution of the Union, and the establishment of a separate confederation” (HA, New-England Federalism, p. 23–26). The former leaders of the Massachusetts Federalist party were much disturbed, and one of them, probably John Lowell (1769–1840), signing himself “A Yankee Farmer,” called for a careful public investigation of JQA’s charge, warning that unless the President could substantiate his allegation of treason “it would seem to be impossible, that his character should not deeply suffer” (Boston Daily Advertiser, 18 Nov. 1828).
2. There are three sets of Milton’s Poetical Works in the Stone Library, the earliest published in London in 1731, 2 vols. In addition, the Library contains six copies of Paradise Lost, four of which bear JQA’s bookplate.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-19

Wednesday. 19th.

Morning at the Office. Copied out the piece of yesterday evening and showed it to George who advised me to print it, and accordingly took charge of it for the Massachusetts Journal. This is the first article I ever wrote for a Newspaper. It will be good as a matter of practice, if for nothing else. The remainder of the morning passed in reading Law. My Journal will again fall now into a Record of the monotony of life. Little can occur in common affairs to make it interesting, and as my soreness on the subject of my marriage is gradually healing over, nothing else will occur to vary the sameness of a series of regular occupations. This formerly was my day for going to Medford. It will be so no longer. I thought of it many times but without much regret, for it brought with it as many hours of gloom as it did of pleasure. Afternoon at the Office, but instead of going in the evening, I remained at home on account of the dull weather.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-20

Thursday 20th.

Morning at the Office. Weather stormy and disagreeable. This morning produced to the light the first piece I ever wrote that was published.1 I wrote a short letter to my father upon the subject inclosing the articles written by Mr. Lowell under the signature of a Yankee Farmer and mentioning my notice of them. This took up much time and I had only an hour or two for Law. The receipt of a letter from my Mother2 assuring me of the continuation of good spirits in the family notwithstanding the disaster of the election,3 had a very good effect on mine, as I had been anxious upon the subject. Afternoon, reading Mr. Burke on Indian Affairs, not very interesting and if it were not for an occasional exceedingly eloquent passage, I would omit [it] altogether. Evening, did not go out as it rained violently. Remained at home and read Comus and a Book of Paradise Lost.
1. CFA’s letter, signed “A Lover of Justice” and printed in the Massachusetts Journal this day, urged readers not to be carried away by “A Yankee Farmer’s” insinuations. He pointed out that JQA had questioned the loyalty of the Massachusetts Federalist party but “had not yet named either Strong, Gore, nor Brooks nor Cabot nor any individual. When he does, his reasons for it may be demanded and doubtless will be given—but not till then.” CFA’s copy of this letter is in his Composition Book, M/ CFA/21, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 315.
2. Missing.
3. JQA had been badly defeated in his bid for a second term, receiving only 508,064 popular votes to Andrew Jackson’s 647,276. In the electoral college the disparity was greater, with only 83 votes for JQA and 178 for Jackson. See Stanwood, History of the Presidency, 1:148–149.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-21

Friday. November 21st.

Morning at the Office. I walked down to the Office of the Middlesex Canal1 to effect a transfer of the shares my father gave me but found no body to help me, so was obliged to return with the benefit of a long walk for nothing. Mr. Brooks notified to me that Abby was in town, and I went to see her at Mrs. Frothingham’s but she was not at home. I think too much upon that subject. It still paralyzes my powers of mind, but one thing I thank Heaven for, that it has ceased to be gloomy. Not seeing her this morning was a disappointment but it did not make me dull. I pursued my occupations as usual. Afternoon, reading Mr. Burke and American History by Mr. Pitkin, which is rather prosy. Evening at the Office. Read Sheridan’s Critic for the first time and then read it over. Delightful performance. It made me laugh heartily.
1. Caleb Eddy, agent of the Middlesex Canal Company, had his office on Pond Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-22

Saturday. 22nd.

Morning at the Office. Day very dull and rainy. I was engaged a great part of the morning in writing, first, a letter to my Mother in answer to her’s, and next, a Note to Abby according to my promise to her. My spirits were barely tolerable, though they were certainly better after I had given some vent to my feelings in these letters, than they were before. I am surprised however by my father’s silence. After suffering me to leave Washington as he did, I did expect to have at least heard from him soon. But he has other cares and sorrows, and although he should have paid a little more attention to the wound he made so long ago, I will only remember it with grief and with regret. There shall be no anger mixed with it.1 Afternoon, finished Mr. Burke on the Nabob of Arcot’s debts, and continued Mr. Pitkin. Took a book to the House with me in the evening as it rained heavily. It was Percy’s Relics of Ancient English Poetry.2
1. See entry for 22 Aug., above. To his mother CFA wrote: “Had my father acted towards me with kindness and confidence last August, many hours of the most serious unhappiness I have ever had would have been spared me. One short half hour has done more mischief than years will remedy” (CFA to LCA, 22 Nov. 1828, Adams Papers).
2. CFA’s copy of Thomas Percy’s Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, 4 vols., London, 1823, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-23

Sunday 23rd.

Morning clear and rather cold. I attended Dr. Channing’s Meeting and heard Mr. Gannet, his Colleague, both morning and afternoon.1 Although going with every intention and desire to feel the solemnity of the service, there was nothing which could draw that deep pathos from my heart which I experienced last Sunday. Perhaps my soreness had healed. It has somewhat, but if the chord had been touched, it would have burst forth again. This is my first Sunday in Boston this year. It will be followed by many more, and I hope they will on the whole be all as satisfactory as this one. There is much dependance to be placed in religious feeling. It calms the agitation of the mind, and I have traced to it’s healing influence in me, much of the quiet and serenity which I now feel upon the subject which harassed me so last year. This is a prodigious gain. It is of very great importance as it regards my future prosperity. To Mr. Gannet’s Sermons I did not agree; they were the opinions of a man and what is he. Neither more nor less that I am. Some portions, I thought false, others strained, and very few useful. That is the great end. Evening at Mr. Tarbell’s. Conversation and quiet.
{ 314 }
1. Ezra Stiles Gannett (1801–1874), Harvard 1820, had served as W. E. Channing’s assistant at the Federal Street Church since 1824 (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-24

Monday. 24th.

Morning at the Office. Walked again to the Middlesex Canal Office, again to be disappointed. Returned and busied myself reading Law. No note from Abby nor any letter from home which surprised me and had no good influence upon my spirits. I occupied myself notwithstanding as much as I could during the day. Walked up to George’s to see him in the afternoon, nothing remarkable. Evening at the Office much amused with the second part of Percy’s Reliques of Ancient Poetry, containing those ballads connected with Shakespear.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-25

Tuesday. 25th.

Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my Mother, a little dull, but still in tolerable spirits. It affected mine a little but not much. Read Law as usual. Mr. Brooks notified me that Abby was in town, and I went to see her immediately. She was very dull and evidently showed signs of sorrow and heaviness. I conversed with her and found very soon that my plan had produced a very bad effect. This put me again in a quandary. I had adopted it as the best result of my reason and understanding. I must now abandon it and subject myself to all it’s accompanying trouble, without any adequate justification to myself other than to keep her from being unhappy. I did give up the plan. I consented to see her once a week but with one condition. She promised solemnly that this engagement should terminate in October. She promised that at all events I should have her hand if I demanded it. This at any rate will give a definite close to my waste of time and is a feeble palliation for my want of resolution. With regard to Mr. Brooks I must take a more decided tone with him or it will never finish. I trust the whole in the hands of a higher providence.
George came in the afternoon and talked, but I read a good deal of the secret Journal of Congress besides.1 Evening, at the Federal Street Theatre. Colman’s Heir at Law. A good piece and tolerably well cast. Finn’s Pangloss bad in general. Some good bits, but the starched formality of the character was displaced for ill placed jest and buffoonery. Duberley and Ezekiel Homespun very good.2 The Epilogue was very well done. The ballet of the Barber of Seville closed the performances. It was very well got up. Dancing is a singularly fascinating amusement. It seems to be one of our original tastes judging from the Indian habits. On the whole, well satisfied.
{ 315 }
1. JQA’s set of the Secret Journals of Acts and Proceedings of Congress, from the First Meeting Thereof to Dissolution of the Confederation by Adoption of the Constitution of the United States, 4 vols., Boston, 1821, is in the Stone Library. JA’s copy, published in 1820, is in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 61).
2. Dr. Pangloss, Baron Duberly, and Zekiel Homespun were characters in George Colman’s comedy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-26

Wednesday. 26th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in reading Law excepting half an hour which I passed in looking through the Market. This is a famous day in New England, being that previous to Thanksgiving. The substitute of the Puritans for Christmas. The preparations are making throughout the State for rich and poor, and the markets are abundantly filled. I was given to understand today that the display was unusually meagre. At any rate, I was disappointed in my expectation about it. The afternoon was passed quietly and the evening at the Office.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-27

Thursday. 27th.

Morning dull and gloomy. Clouds very heavy. After breakfast, I rode to Medford, the weather being rather cool. Went to Meeting with the family and heard Mr. Stetson preach a Sermon of very considerable violence in a political way. He was very warm indeed and rather unnecessarily severe. As usual there was a family dinner. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham, Gorham and Horatio, besides the members of the family and a multitude of children. All this was a bore to me and not half so agreeable as a plain, common Sunday would have been when I might have had Abby all to myself, but when Mr. Brooks gave me the invitation I was aware that to have declined it would have been matter of offence. Mrs. B. entered a little into conversation with me upon my course, but we were interrupted very much to my regret. From what I could collect, something seems to have gone wrong in her husband’s mind, about the money affairs. I am sorry and sore perplexed about the matter and sadly wish some assistance instead of more confusion in my course. Evening passed pleasantly with Abby.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-28

Friday. 28th.

The morning was dark and opened with heavy rain. I was consequently detained pleasantly enough until eleven o’clock. But I could not help thinking this one of the evils attending the continuance of the engagement. My spirits were better however than they were a year ago, although still liable to slight returns of dullness, one of { 316 } which I had today. There is room for hope though, and as I am so well now in comparison, I am sanguine that I shall again be myself. Returned to town with Horatio Brooks in company. At the Office, found a letter from my Mother, rather dull. Occupied all day as usual. Evening at home reading Percy’s reliques.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-29

Saturday. 29th.

Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my Mother in answer to two which I have received from her in the course of the week. It was not long because I would not express my feelings fully and could not write much without doing so. The remainder of the day passed in reading Law and Books relating to History. In the evening, I went to a meeting of the Private Debating Society. Question on the duty of the Representative to obey instructions. There was a tolerable discussion. I am as yet exceedingly doubtful whether I shall ever be able to succeed as a Speaker. I feel as if I had the material, but one great obstacle is in my way, an excessive diffidence.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0011-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-11-30

Sunday 30th.

This day was passed without any remarkable occurrence excepting a constant attendance at Meeting on my part. I heard Mr. Gannett in the morning upon humility. Mr. Barrett in the afternoon upon progress in religion; and having called to see George and pass an hour with him, I took tea there, and we went to hear Dr. Channing at Mr. Ware’s Church in the evening. His sermon was on scepticism founded on disbelief of miracles. I was much pleased and instructed. He is a striking Preacher and now and then becomes eloquent. My day therefore was not badly spent and I cannot say that on the whole, I felt low-spirited at all, though it was my Medford day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-01

Monday. 1st December.

Morning at the Office and in the Supreme Court. Little or nothing was done however of interest there. I had not much leisure to do any thing else, but in the afternoon made it up in reading my American History. Mr. Eddy, the Clerk of the Corporation, this day effected for me the transfer of the shares of the Middlesex Canal Stock. Nothing else happened of interest. In the evening George came to see me at my Office and we had some pleasant conversation until ten o’clock, when upon attempting to go, we found ourselves locked up in the building. { 317 } This was rather disagreeable as a prospect for the night, but we succeeded in drawing the door open by starting the bolts.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-02

Tuesday. 2nd.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Received a letter from my father in answer to the one which I wrote myself on the 20th of last month. It is rather giving me an expectation for something more than any thing in itself.1 But I passed much of the day reflecting upon it, when not engaged in the pursuit of my regular avocations. I devoted the evening to answering it, but could not satisfy myself with any thing I wrote.
1. Acknowledging receipt of “A Yankee Farmer’s” attack and of CFA’s reply (see entries for 18 Nov. and note, and 20 Nov. and note18 and 20 Nov., and notes, above), JQA asked his son quietly to make a collection of newspapers and pamphlets relating to the Federalists and the Hartford Convention (JQA to CFA, 26 Nov. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-03

Wednesday. 3rd.

Nearly the whole of this morning was consumed in answering my father’s letter. My reply was a pretty bold explanation of the state of affairs here. I am not altogether convinced of it’s prudence, but as it appeared to me an outline which might do credit to my abilities in my father’s estimation, I decided upon sending it, taking a copy as usual in my Letter book.1 I read a little Law and passed a short time in Court. In the afternoon, was occupied in obtaining from among my books those volumes which contained my Documents.2 My celibacy is likely to be so long that I am tired of waiting for it’s end, and therefore will do as well as I can without being established. In the evening, Percy’s Reliques. Two young ladies, Miss Gannet and Miss Brooks, (not Abi), at the house.
1. CFA analyzed the reasons why leading Massachusetts Federalists reacted so strongly to JQA’s statement in the National Intelligencer (see entry for 18 Nov., and note, above). Some of them, he pointed out, “had been contributing their strength to support the cause [of JQA’s reelection] and had also gratified themselves by entertaining you with great hospitality when you have occasionally been here. . . . They thought it but a sad return for their famous dinners and more famous Madeira.” Their plan to ostracize JQA from Boston society had now been abandoned, however, and there was a growing feeling that the President had been “unjustly assailed and condemned” (CFA to JQA, 3 Dec. 1828, Adams Papers).
2. CFA was collecting documents and pamphlets which his father could use in further attacking the Massachusetts Federalist leaders.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-04

Thursday 4th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Finding nothing interesting in the latter place, I read Law. This begins to tire. It is such exceedingly { 318 } disconnected reading that I question very much whether out of the range of the learning one gains by practice, any advantage can be derived from reading it. Afternoon, American Affairs. Evening, finished Percy’s Reliques. These have been amusing though they hardly exercise the mind sufficiently. On my return, finding much Company at home, I took a long walk.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-05

Friday. 5th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in reading Law much as usual. Indeed my life now begins to assume that decided sameness which makes a Journal matter of very little interest to any of us. We are occupied most and therefore have least to say. But I find on the whole that my present mode of life is more productive of satisfaction to me than that last year, and I again begin to take that calm interest in literature and elegant subjects which more vivid feelings have so long interrupted. Pleasant visions too are indulged to me, which may or may not be realized, but I do not hesitate to indulge them as they serve to keep me satisfied with myself and to soften that rugged steep which the Poet pronounces so hard to climb.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-06

Saturday 6th.

Morning at the Office. Time a good deal distracted but I succeeded in writing my usual letter to my Mother before the time of the Mail. The remainder of the morning was passed with George in an investigation of Mr. Hilliard’s Book Store after Pamphlets but few of which we found relating to our subject. After dinner, occupied at the Office. Read Mr. D. P. Brown’s Review of Mr. Brougham’s Speech on the Law.1 A slender performance. In the evening I went to see Abby who was at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Found Mr. Gorham Brooks there and heard of his engagement to Miss Ellen Shepherd. A thing which has been drawn out to great length. Evening pleasant but these long absences certainly tend to chill the feelings considerably.
1. CFA’s copy of David Paul Brown’s Review of the Speech of Henry Brougham ... upon the State of the Law, Phila., 1828, is in the Boston Athenaeum.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-07

Sunday. 7th.

Pleasant Morning. Went to Meeting and heard Dr. Channing preach an excellent Sermon. It went home to my feelings, because I have constantly had in mind the subject of which he treated. Whether it made me any better, I am unable to say, but I certainly felt as if it ought to have done so. It was upon moral energy, it’s necessity in life, { 319 } tempered with mildness and the passive virtues. My own character being principally based upon energy, it has been matter of much reflection to me how far it should go without degenerating into obstinacy. I am aware of the liability to this on the part of a resolute man, and I have not been altogether inattentive to prevent it. Rode out with Abby to Medford in the afternoon, passed the evening in her company. Afterwards I had a long Conversation with Mr. Brooks upon subjects of interest. I found that my letter1 had done me injury which I hastened to explain and this led to a general conversation which relieved me a little as it made us more intimate.
1. See entry for 26 Oct., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-08

Monday 8th.

Returned to town earlier than usual by way of showing my resolution. The day was exceedingly fine and my ride was tolerably pleasant. I forgot yesterday to mention the fact of my brother John’s being a Father, announced to me in a letter from my Mother, received yesterday.1 His wife was delivered of a daughter on Tuesday last, and this advances my Parents one generation into existence. I am glad of it upon all accounts, principally on my Mother’s, who will again have something in which to take an interest.
Morning engaged in copying my unfortunate letter to Mr. Brooks which he returned to me. How it could have been so misconceived, I am at a loss to understand, but must lay it to the extreme sensitiveness which exists upon the subject which it discusses. My course in this regard is a difficult one. Mr. Brooks conversed with me generally this morning, informed me that he had abandoned the idea of building a house for Abby and wished to purchase one, that he should be on the look out, but that in consequence, he should be unable to fix any time for the marriage, which is as much as to say that it must remain a contingency. But his manner and his language were so kind, that I could not press him further than he would go although I understand it to be absolutely necessary, as he is given to delay. I had not the heart to do it, and though aware that I was losing all the ground gained by my argument last evening, and subjected myself to another scene of a similar kind, yet I preferred doing so to seeming unhandsomely importunate. The day went off rapidly and I passed it pretty usefully though tormented with a head ache which at last disabled me from any further reading in the evening. It is a bad omen, for it bids fair to be a repetition of my evil days of last winter.
{ 320 }
1. LCA’s letter is missing. Mary Louisa Adams, the first daughter of JA2 and Mary C. (Hellen) Adams, had been born on 2 December. See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-09

Tuesday 9th.

Morning at the Office, occupied much as usual. Read a portion of the Massachusetts Reports and other books of Law. Afternoon, Secret Journals of Congress. Evening, Boswell’s Life of Johnson in connection with Dr. J.’s works. So that the day was a very busy one and therefore produced little to record here. My spirits are now on the whole, better than at any time since I have lived in Boston. I like my accommodations better, and follow a more regular and quiet course of life, with the satisfaction of more useful and improving pursuits. It is true that Abby is dissatisfied, which worries me, but I have too many good reasons to yield to what can only be a momentary feeling on her part. At any rate, I will see, time will test the experiment, and if I should then see a clear termination to my engagement, I might be likely to give up a short time willingly. But not while that question remains in doubt. Gorham Brooks is positively going to marry Miss Shepherd. He is the only one of Abby’s brothers who has not been civil to me, and I have now a difficult part to play. Abby was slightly displeased with me for declining to pay the usual visit in such cases, but I did not tell her my principal reason.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-10

Wednesday 10th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Heard a portion of an argument from Mr. Fletcher; it was very good. This gentleman is a rising character. He has some powers as an Orator, and some as a reasoner. But I could not remain in Court and so passed the morning reading Law at the Office. Richardson called to see me and pass half an hour. Afternoon, engaged in reading American Affairs. On my return home to tea, I found a Note from Abby1 who was in town, and I went to see her and pass the evening with her. The evening was tolerably pleasant. Now that the probability of my marriage seems to approach, I am becoming a little anxious and this produces some influence upon my feelings. But I am better than I have been.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-11

Thursday. 11th.

Morning in the Supreme Court and at the Office. Found not much of interest in the first, and but little in the last, succeeded in finishing the first Volume of Massachusetts Reports, and looked over some por• { 321 } tion of the Statutes. On the whole a pretty good morning’s occupation. It rained pretty steadily though it was not cold. In the afternoon, Mr. Davis, my old fellow student at Mr. Webster’s Office, paid me an agreeable visit which prevented my reading, though not at all an unpleasant substitute. I attended a meeting of Mr. Quincy’s friends in the evening, commonly denominated a Caucus. He has most unexpectedly been defeated in his election to his old place of Mayor. This was got up to assist him and was rather tame.1 Indeed if this is the machinery of caucus, it is disgusting enough. I finished the evening at the Office with Boswell. But I was ill at ease for I thought Abby might be in town.
1. After serving five terms as Mayor of Boston, Josiah Quincy failed to receive a majority of all the votes cast in the municipal election in December 1828. A second ballot was taken with the same result. Thereupon the Mayor published a note stating that “no consideration would induce him to again accept the office,” and Harrison Gray Otis was elected without opposition (Winsor, Memorial History of Boston, 3:233).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-12

Friday 12th.

Morning pleasant. Passed the day at the Office and in Court. I generally devote the hour after breakfast to that purpose after which I read Law. Richardson and my brother George called this morning and passed an hour. Received a letter from my Mother, which amounted to exceeding little. After dinner, read Minot’s account of the Insurrections in Massachusetts in 17861 which afforded me much new matter never before under my notice. In the evening I went to the Tremont Theatre. Saw the Opera of the Barber of Seville in English, so that I have now seen it in all it’s forms. I liked it least as I saw it this evening but the intrinsic merit of the music and the piece is such as to make it in any shape delightful. We have not sufficient talent to support it fully with us. Mons. and Mad. Vestris danced afterwards and displayed beauty indeed. Their performance at New York when I saw them was nothing to this. It is astonishingly fascinating.
1. George Richards Minot, The History of the Insurrection in Massachusetts in the Year Seventeen Hundred and Eighty-Six and the Rebellion Consequent Thereon, Worcester, 1788. JA’s copy is in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 169).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-13

Saturday 13th.

Nearly all the morning taken up in writing my usual letter to my Mother this morning. I was in better humour though the excitement of last evening reacted so much today as to make me a little unfit for law. I wrote also a short Note to John1 congratulating him upon { 322 } the birth of his child. The afternoon was passed as usual in reading a portion of American History. In the evening, I went to a meeting of the Debating Society and heard discussed the subject of a University in Boston. There was a tolerably spirited debate and I returned home quite pleased.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-14

Sunday. 14th.

It rained during the night but cleared off this morning, the wind being Southerly and warm. This has certainly been a surprising Season. I went to Meeting in the Morning and heard Dr. Channing preach a Sermon on the same subject with that of last Sunday, on moral energy. I thought it inferior to the former. It was in some measure the repetition of a favorite idea by a diffuse writer, the principal defect which I discover in all of this gentleman’s productions. I also read some of the Sermons of Sterne. After dinner, rode to Medford, and passed the afternoon and evening in company with Abby. This day there was a fire in the Massachusetts Hospital which did much injury.1
1. A defective flue caused the fire in the Massachusetts General Hospital, damages from which were estimated at $2,000 (Columbian Centinel, 17 Dec. 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-15

Monday 15th.

Returned to town this morning bringing Abby with me. Found at the Office a letter from my father upon the subject of the old federal question which has lately been excited. It was quite interesting and quite full.1 The morning passed without my doing more than reading some Cases in the Massachusetts Reports. I was engaged to dine out so called for Abby and went to Mrs. William Smith’s. Found Mr. and Mrs. Pickman, Mr. Storer, and Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham constituted the Company. The dinner was not unpleasant and passed the afternoon so that the Office was out of the question.
I then called at Mrs. Gorham’s [and] spent a couple of hours with Abby’s friend Julia. Mr. Charles Warren, a brother of Mrs. Gorham’s, came in.2 He is a wild being and subject to fits of a terrible kind. There is some feeling on this subject existing in relation to Abby, growing out of some insult offered to her formerly, which I have been unable to comprehend. This happened when she was very young and she evidently does not now understand what it was, but it created a violent affront which makes the meeting unpleasant to all parties. The family would not introduce him to me and so I was a little awkward. I had { 323 } no desire for his acquaintance. He is not a man to take notice of, and inasmuch as he has now learnt his distance, there is nothing for me to be troubled about. Returned to Mrs. Frothingham’s with Abby, passed half an hour in conversation and then went home. This was a pleasant day to me, though it reminded me that I was paying the price of my engagement as I shall do often in spite of myself.
1. Protesting that his communication to the National Intelligencer had been badly misunderstood (see entry for 18 Nov., and note, above), JQA claimed that his purpose had been to refute the allegation that New England Federalists during the War of 1812 had been in correspondence with British agents; their intrigues with the British had been earlier, before the two nations were at war. He announced that he had “under respectful consideration” a letter of interrogation from “thirteen distinguished members of the old federal party” (JQA to CFA, 8 Dec. 1828, Adams Papers).
2. CFA was in error; Mary (Warren) Gorham’s brothers were named John Collins, Joseph, and Edward (John Collins Warren, Warren Genealogy, Boston, 1854, p. 50–51).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-16

Tuesday. 16th.

Morning at the Office, passed in reading the Massachusetts Reports. Little of any consequence occurred. This was the day appointed for the trial of Genl. Lyman, and with some much interest was expressed.1 Mr. Quincy failed again yesterday in his election for Mayor.2 This is marvellous. Afternoon, reading the Secret Journals of Congress, and in the evening I wrote a draught of a reply to my father. So that the day was on the whole passed over quietly and more busily than any for a week. Little therefore to say.
1. The libel suit which Daniel Webster brought against Theodore Lyman was related to the controversy between JQA and the New England Federalists (see entries for 19 Oct. and 18 Nov., above). During the 1828 presidential campaign Lyman, a last-ditch Federalist, had thrown his weight behind Andrew Jackson and in the Jackson Republican charged, allegedly upon the basis of JQA’s statement to the National Intelligencer, that Webster and other Federalists had been in 1807–1808 “engaged in a plot to dissolve the Union and reannex New England to Great Britain.” Webster brought suit for criminal libel in the Supreme Judicial Court, Chief Justice Isaac Parker presiding. The evidence showed that JQA had never specifically mentioned Webster in this connection and that Lyman had included him only because of his later important position in Federalist councils. The jury was unable to agree, and the case was dismissed. See Fuess, Webster, 1: 173–174; Josiah H. Benton, A Notable Libel Case, Boston, 1904.
2. See entry for 11 Dec., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-17

Wednesday. 17th.

Morning at the Office, busy in writing my reply to my father’s last letter. It was chiefly confined to the subject which has principally agitated this place for some time, and which is now interesting every body in the trial of Genl. Lyman.1 In the afternoon I finished the { 324 } Secret Journals of Congress and in the evening read Dr. Johnson’s Life. The whole day being passed very busily and not without profit. The Jury could not agree in their verdict.
1. CFA recalled that he had been present during the conversation between Clay and JQA, which immediately preceded the latter’s statement in the National Intelligencer concerning New England Federalists and the embargo (see entry for 19 Oct., and note, above). Old Federalists in Boston, he reiterated, were ready to forget the past and paid no attention to Jefferson’s letter; consequently they regarded JQA’s statement as an unprovoked denunciation of themselves (CFA to JQA, 17 Dec. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-18

Thursday. 18th.

Morning occupied at the Office in reading Law. The day passed without any thing to render it notable. I was busily engaged in my various avocations and hardly heeded the course of time. It began to be cold again and reminded us that Winter was at last coming. Afternoon, interested in Pitkin’s Sketch of the Convention which framed the Constitution of the United States. This is a subject with which I am anxious to become familiar. In the evening I dropped in to a Meeting of the Citizens in general to nominate a Mayor. Mr. Otis seemed universally the favourite. How strange are the fluctuations of popular feeling. This gentleman is now up, who was down, and in neither case was there any assignable reason for it. And this nomination from an Administration Committee.1 I went to the Office and read Dr. Johnson.
1. After Josiah Quincy withdrew from the mayoralty contest (see entries for 11 and 16 Dec., above), a meeting of citizens was held at the Exchange Coffee House on 18 December to choose his successor on the ballot. A large majority favored Harrison Gray Otis, who consented to be a candidate (Columbian Centinel, 20 Dec. 1828). From CFA’s point of view it was ironical that Otis, one of the principal Federalists attacking JQA, should have been selected by an Administration committee.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-19

Friday. 19th.

Morning in Court and at the Office. Read the Massachusetts Reports as usual and passed a useful morning. The weather was severely cold but clear and pleasant, otherwise. Abby was in town but I missed seeing her. Afternoon reading Mr. Pitkin, the first years of the Federal Constitution. Evening reading Dr. Johnson’s Life of Frederick of Prussia and Mr. Boswell. The day on the whole very profitably employed. I am better satisfied with my present way of life than I have been with any for some years past. It meets more my idea of what is a man’s duty to himself. My reflections are all agreeable, and though few of the more violent gratifications of life come to distract the equa• { 325 } nimity of my spirits, yet I will willingly forego them to be rid of the distressing excess on the other side. My feelings have undergone a decided change for the better ever since I commenced this Volume.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-20

Saturday 20th.

Morning at the Office. Wrote a short letter to my Mother, but as I have but little to say myself, and she has not lately written to me, my sheet was but half filled. I do not propose to write much more as I have lost my interest very much in affairs there. Made one or two visits to J. R. Otis, and T. Davis, so that I did very little. Afternoon, finished Mr. Pitkin’s history. In the evening, I attended a Moot Court to which I have been lately admitted, consisting of the young Lawyers at the Bar. Heard an argument relating to the validity of judgments of one State in the Courts of another. J. Quincy Jr. and E. J. Lowell.1 It was very well.
1. Edward J. Lowell, an attorney whose office was at 39 Court Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-21

Sunday 21st.

Morning attended at Meeting and heard Dr. Channing deliver a Sermon on the substance of natural religion, the unity of God. It was not to me as good as usual. My thoughts were more difficult to control. But some passages seemed eloquent. The reason that I did not like it was that there was a little sectarianism, and not a little weak argument in it in it’s support. This gave me a dislike to it which I could not well get over. After dinner I went to Medford and passed the evening pleasantly as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-22

Monday 22nd.

Morning, returned to Boston. The weather exceedingly cold but clear. I had a tolerably pleasant ride and found a comfortable fire at my Office to gratify me. Read Law much as usual. In the afternoon, looked over a few pages of the Federalist without any interest. This book never could fix my attention. Evening, attended with Mr. Tarbell, at the Meeting House in Federal Street, to hear an address delivered by Mr. Russell on the subject of Infant Schools.1 A new improvement of the present day. I listened without being convinced and understood without being delighted. Read Mr. Webster’s trial.2
1. William Russell, editor of the Journal of Education (Columbian Centinel, 24 Dec. 1828).
2. See entry for 16 Dec., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-23

Tuesday. 23rd.

Arose this morning to see a little snow. But it lasted only a moment, and the day was clear and mild. Read some of the Massachusetts Reports, but was principally engaged all day in considering the propriety of answering in some measure the words of the Solicitor General in the late Trial.1 I could come to no conclusion. In the evening, read Dr. Johnson’s Life of Brown. This evening, Mr. Ignatius Sargent was married to Miss Charlotte Gray.
1. Daniel Davis, the solicitor general, concluded his speech in the libel trial of Theodore Lyman with a fling against JQA for defaming “the good and the patriotic and the pious” Federalist leaders now dead. JQA’s charge that the New England Federalists had plotted for the disruption of the Union, Davis declared, “exhibits every abandonment of principle—of unutterable depravity. It is an infamous falsehood” (Benton, A Notable Libel Case, p. 93–94).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-24

Wednesday 24th.

Morning at the Office as usual. Read a part of the Massachusetts Reports. In the afternoon, Clay’s Speeches and a few numbers of the Federalist. I attempted to write something upon the case of the Solicitor General but could not please myself. The unwarrantable language which that gentleman used in the Trial will not however escape my recollection soon. In the evening, Boswell and Johnson’s Life of Ascham.
My feelings now are of a singular kind. They are more quiet and settled than last year, and my tone of mind is much more healthy. The little melancholy I experience is of a placid and settled nature and rather serves to tinge me with a pleasant shadow than with the darkness of former days. Religious confidence has done much of this and a more measured way of life, a great deal. May it continue, for the easy passage of days is one of our greatest pleasures though it brings little of that turbulent felicity which is the element of many. I would hardly now stretch out my hand to accelerate or retard the passing moment. For the present is without trouble, and without pain. There is happiness even in this idea. For though I look with less dread upon the future now, it is still a mist capable of producing both good and evil. The present has neither. Method, regularity and the due employment of time, produce equanimity which, after all, is the great source of comfort here below.
Conversation with Mr. Tarbell. Property.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-25

Thursday. 25th.

Morning fine. At the Office. The associations with the recurrence of { 327 } this day have been to me most generally productive of pleasure. But for the two last there has been nothing to support them. At College, I looked to it as the certain period of reunion with my own friends, and afterwards, as the time in the year when all were disposed to pleasure and congratulation and happiness. These ideas are not congenial here, for with the customs of the Puritans they transfer to Thanksgiving, an Institution of their own, what ought to come at Christmas and New Year. My day was a dull one, being passed alone, my landlord and lady having gone out of town. But it was spent in study unremitting and brought in the evening satisfactory reflections.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-26

Friday. 26th.

Morning pleasant. At the Office, reading the Massachusetts Reports, as usual. I have not seen George for more than a week. We have had a slight difference. Afternoon, Mr. Burke on the French Revolution. My trunk has at last arrived from Washington. It contains the Volumes of Burke, the Shirts and all my Mother’s papers. It came open, whether intentionally or not, I cannot say. In the evening, read Dr. Johnson’s Preface to his English Dictionary which I admire very much. It pleases me more than any of his writings I have yet read.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-27

Saturday. 27th.

Morning pleasant. At the Office reading as usual. Wrote a letter to my Mother in answer to one received from her some days since, which I omitted to mention, and that also of a kind one from John.1 Afternoon, read a portion of Mr. Burke on the French Revolution, a third or fourth reading. J. Otis called and paid me a visit of an hour or more, conversing upon matters in general. Evening, as the subject for discussion at the Debating Society was not a very suitable one, I went to the Office, and read Boswell’s Life of Johnson together with his pamphlet of the False Alarm, upon the Middlesex Election.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-28

Sunday. 28th.

Morning cloudy but still pleasant. This month has been delightful and has made a material difference in the length of the winter. Attended Meeting this morning and heard Dr. Channing preach a Sermon, but not remarkable for any thing. The close of the year generally presents a fine opportunity to a meditative mood, but he would not seize it. Went to Medford in the afternoon. I have at present rather a { 328 } distaste to it. I enjoy Abby’s society exceedingly when she is alone, and the uniformity of my spirits tends just sufficiently to curb her’s to make them agreeable. But when there are others who run her wild with unmeaning and loud nonsense, my own character is so inappropriate to these scenes as to make me feel a burden and clog. What the French call “de trop.” Gravity looks ill placed and I cannot join in it, so I pay for my pleasure now and then pretty severely. And yet I could not forego the gratification I do receive. My spirits slightly depressed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-29

Monday. 29th.

The weather extremely pleasant. The Country looking beautiful from the effects of a white frost which was very heavy upon the ground. I rode into town having Abby in company with me. At the Office. Morning passed without doing much. I picked up a case to argue on Saturday for the Moot Court and made a slight examination into its merits. Also a case or two in the Massachusetts Reports. Read Mr. Burke in the afternoon, but could not succeed in fixing my attention to it at all. Spirits so variable as to affect the proper frame of mind for study. In the evening, I went to a small party at Mrs. Frothingham’s. None but the family of the Brooks’ and Grays. Probably given to Mrs. Sargent though she was not there. I got through as well as possible, but it was irksome. I would not at present give vent to my feelings for they are of a singular and unwelcome tone.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-30

Tuesday. 30th.

Morning at the Office, occupied much as usual. Received a letter from my Mother of a rather serious, remonstrative tone, which did not serve to add to the height of my spirits, already somewhat shaken. But she gives me assurance of her intended return here, which is gratifying.1 Read the law upon maritime loans for my arguments, and some of the Statute Law. Afternoon, Burke until nearly five when I went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. The weather which had been exceedingly warm cleared off sharp and windy. Went to P. Chardon Brooks’ in the evening. A supper party to the Bride. Quite surprised as I had committed the heresy of going in boots. Invitation short. I would have preferred that there had been none. For as I did not know any of the Sargents, the evening was stupid. Abby was more restrained that I ever saw her which puzzled me. But her affair with Sargent makes it awkward.2 The supper was handsome and I was delighted to escape.
{ 329 }
1. LCA reproved her son for brooding so bitterly over the wrong he fancied JQA had done him in not increasing his allowance (LCA to CFA, 25 Dec. 1828, Adams Papers). See entry for 22 Aug., above.
2. See entry for 30 June 1827, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0004-0012-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1828-12-31

Wednesday. 31st.

Morning severely cold. At the Office, examining the Law Case without finding much. Read also some of the Massachusetts Reports. My system was not altogether in a good condition, being a little deranged by last night’s Supper. Afternoon, went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. My feelings perhaps were more tender than usual, but her coldness of manner was very astonishing, and after having suffered it for some time, a strong reaction came over me and I left the house with feelings in no enviable condition. I was so weak as not to be able to resist the tears which fell with bitterness, which only proved to me how much I loved her. It is the first time I have felt as if I had a right to complain. I sought to forget it by constant attention to some literary subject at the Office. And so I read Dr. Johnson and Mr. Boswell. The fit went off and I felt more calm.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-01

January 1829. Thursday. 1 st.

The morning was cloudy and dull which ushered in the New Year. At this time it is not improper to seize a moment for reflection. The passage of the last [year] has been rapid and has brought with it much more certainty in regard to our prospects than the preceding ones. My father is about to retire at last. And a new scene of life is to open to us, which does not contain us as the principal actors. We have all borrowed distinction from his lustre, and with his eclipse comes also our darkness. For this I am not sorry. My own course is distinctly developing itself and it consists in quiet and perseverance in a laborious profession. My own fate is still in suspense, and another year commences upon me without any comfort but hope. My spirits are not high, I am not sanguine. And were it not for my unwavering confidence in a supreme direction, I should be pitiable indeed. I care less about raising the veil of the future. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. I sent Abby a little present of a copy of Shakespeare and a note full of affection.1 She sent for me and we made it up. I don’t wish to think upon the subject. It is not worth considering. { 330 } My lot is cast, and the probabilties of happiness are as great as fall to the lot of any man. Why should I crave any more?
Afternoon, reading Burke’s Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs. The day was very unpleasant, and it rained in the evening, so that I did not go out, but staid at home and read aloud to Mrs. Tarbell and Miss Thaxter some parts of a book composed of scraps from the New Monthly Magazine.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-02

Friday. 2nd.

Morning still cloudy and unpleasant. At the Office. Received a letter from my Mother which was dated the 11th of last month, a circumstance which puzzles me not a little. I have received two letters later which referred to it. Reading Law as usual. First snow storm. Afternoon, Mr. Burke on the Irish Catholics. The evening was again passed at home on account of the Snow. So that Dr. Johnson has come on but poorly this week. I read more of the articles from the New Monthly Magazine.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-03

Saturday. 3rd.

The weather changed during the Night and saluted us this morning with a most bitter cold. The Thermometer was some degrees below zero and I really suffered more than usual. During the whole of the last Winter, I felt nothing like it. At the Office. Wrote a letter to my Mother and examined my Law Case for the evening, which occupied me diligently.1 I read some of Mr. Burke upon the Catholic question in Ireland, in the afternoon, and studied my subject for delivery at the Moot Court. I find the principal thing consists in the due arrangement of thought. Extemporaneous delivery consists in some measure in the strength with which the mind grasps an idea preserving the distinctness of it, and thereby rendering explanation easy. In the evening, I argued the case and was on the whole pretty well satisfied, as I had no great difficulty, although very far from elegance. This will come afterwards. Once confidence is gained in my own powers, I will not fear for the rest.
1. The made-up case concerned the master of a ship who was obliged to sell part of her cargo in order to repair damage done by a storm. On the return voyage the vessel was lost. The owners of the part of the cargo sold brought suit to recover the amount of the proceeds from the owner of the vessel. The case was decided against CFA (Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-04

Sunday. 4th.

The weather did not relax at all in the intensity of cold. I suffered very much in dressing this morning. My room happening to be very cold. Attended Meeting in the Morning at Dr. Channing’s. Heard Mr. Gannett preach a Sermon not to my taste. Rode out to Medford as usual. Did not suffer so much from the air as I anticipated, being well protected in every part excepting my hands. Found the family rather dull I thought, at this [time?]. Abby complained of a cold and rheumatism. I passed the time much as usual. Pleasantly enough. Mr. Brooks was pleasant. I like his manner to me much better than I used to.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-05

Monday 5th.

Left Medford quite late this morning, anticipating a cold and disagreeable ride, and as usual not a little attracted by other causes. But I reached Boston very comfortably, the weather having moderated somewhat. The morning was occupied in making payments preparatory to an admission to the Bar. Afternoon, reading Mr. Burke’s Thoughts on French Affairs. He seems to have had his head a little turned by his apprehensions, although I admit that there was some occasion for it. Somehow or other, I caught a violent Cold which prevented my going to the Office in the Evening, so I remained at home and read aloud to the ladies of the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-06

Tuesday 6th.

Morning at the Office, and in the Court of Common Pleas. I was this day admitted to practice as An Attorney in this Court. May it be of service to me! and may my resolutions hold out to make the best of every thing that I can do. For indolence is not my wish and law business is within the reach of the most common abilities. Perseverance conquers all things. Settled my accounts with Forbes and Watson, my principal bills. My father sends me no remittance. Afternoon, Mr. Burke’s Pamphlets on French Affairs. Evening, Dr. Johnson. The weather was foggy but had moderated very much.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-07

Wednesday. 7th.

Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my Father but without a remittance. It was upon the subject of the present troubles which surround him.1 This prevented my doing much in the way of Law business this morning, or I would rather say, Law Study. De• { 332 } lightfully mild weather which is a grateful change. Afternoon, Mr. Burke still upon French Affairs. I confess myself tired of the subject. Evening, Mr. Boswell’s Life of Dr. Johnson and a portion of the Tour to the Hebrides, very amusing. Conversation at home until late upon Grammar and Pronunciation.
1. JQA’s letter brought his son up to date with an account of the latest developments in his war against the old New England Federalists. To the “thirteen confederates” who had demanded an explanation of his charges (see entry for 15 Dec. 1828, and note, above), he replied at length on 30 December 1828, denying their right to be considered representatives of the rank and file of the Federalist party and, therefore, refusing to disclose to them the names of any of the leaders allegedly connected with the 1808 plot to dismember the Union. “It is not improbable that, at some future day, a sense of solemn duty to my country may require of me to disclose the evidence which I do possess, and for which you call,” he concluded. “But of that day the selection must be at my own judgment” (HA, New-England Federalism, p. 46–62). Correctly anticipating further assaults, he renewed his request that CFA collect old pamphlets and newspapers which could help him (JQA to CFA, 31 Dec. 1828, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-08

Thursday. 8th.

The day of the hero’s glory1 came in Clouds and rain. We had not so much noise and stuff this year. All is obtained. I wrote a long letter to my Father which occupied me all the morning, in a very interesting manner. A hint or two at my private affairs.2 My spirits today were low, but not so unsustained as formerly. There seems now to exist a buoyancy which keeps them up astonishingly. For although I have abundant reason for apprehension of the future, and at times, I feel as if certainty was coming over me, it is not so distressing to my Nerves as it was last year. My religious feelings are still strong and my confidence unimpaired. Afternoon, Mr. Burke upon French Affairs. Mr. Clay on the Tariff. Heavy rain. Evening, reading aloud at home.
1. The anniversary of Jackson’s victory over the British at New Orleans in 1815.
2. After reporting the political news, CFA reminded his father that the quarterly installment of his allowance had not arrived, that he had had to pay fees upon being admitted to the bar, and that he needed certain essential law books. “It is not to be concealed that I have felt very deeply your reproaches last Summer,” he concluded, referring to their conversation of 22 August 1828. “Perhaps I am dependent upon your bounty, but it is the lot of children and if they neglect no means of becoming free as early as education makes it possible, it is not their fault that they remain so” (CFA to JQA, 8 Jan. 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-09

Friday 9th.

Morning at the Office. Weather very disagreeable and the streets wet and muddy. I finished the second Volume of the Massachusetts { 333 } Reports and examined some of our Statute Law. In the afternoon I read Mr. Burke as usual. Evening, Dr. Johnson’s Tour to the Hebrides. Spirits rather depressed. The day was on the whole usefully passed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-10

Saturday 10th.

Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my Aunt Smith,1 instead of the usual one from my Mother, to inform me she was unwell. I had been apprehensive of this. My own customary letter was written notwithstanding and occupied me a large part of the morning. Remainder, reading Massachusetts Reports and Statutes. Afternoon, Mr. Burke upon the Regicide Peace. Evening at the Debating Society. Heard a very smart and spirited argument upon the subject of closing the Post Office on Sunday. At times, there was much piquancy, and some disagreeable personality, but it was on the whole, the most interesting debate I have witnessed. The subject is one at present agitating the Community, and many petitions are in circulation for the purpose of forcing Congress into Legislation upon it.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-11

Sunday. 11th.

The Cold was almost as severe today as it was last Sunday, giving to us the bitterness of Winter. I suffered more than usual, although on the whole, I think I bear the season pretty well. Morning at Meeting. Mr. Gannet preached a Sermon upon divine influence, to which I tried to listen, and to parts assented very willingly, particularly to that which asserted the efficacy of Prayer which I most firmly believe in. Afternoon. Rode to Medford. Arrived just as the People were leaving the Meeting house. Passed them all which annoyed me. Got through on the whole, more comfortably than last Sunday. The Country presented a magnificent Spectacle. The rain which had fallen heavily was congealed on the trees and grass and bushes and as the Sun declined, it’s rays were reflected in a thousand different ways from every prism which had been formed, and the whole mass looked like a magnificent powder of diamonds. Evening as usual—Abi.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-12

Monday. 12th.

Returned to town this morning. The weather still cold, but much moderated. Morning at the Office. Massachusetts Reports. A long case upon the Law of Insurance. Slight peevishness at dinner, being { 334 } rather troubled with questions. Afternoon, finished Mr. Burke on French Affairs and with the subject, ends the Copy of his Works which I have. Evening, finished the Tour to the Hebrides which has interested me much. I admire it as a travelling sketch very much. The grandiloquence of Johnson is not generally popular at this day, but there is a philosophical tone attending his reflections, to me far more than equal such an objection.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-13

Tuesday. 13th.

Morning at the Office. Massachusetts Reports. I was occupied some time in hunting about the Town for some Coal, which is rather scarce. Found some for my Office at last. Read over the case upon Insurance, and examined some of the special Statutes of the State. In the afternoon, commenced reading Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations which I propose to study with attention.1 It is quite interesting. Evening, Dr. Boswell and Johnson’s smaller Works, particularly his Taxation, no Tyranny, which is flimsy.
1. A set of The Whole Works of Adam Smith, 4 vols., London, 1822, is in the Stone Library. JA’s copies of Smith’s Wealth of Nations, one published in London, 1778, 2 vols., and a French edition published in Yverdon, 1781, 6 vols., are in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 232).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-14

Wednesday. 14th.

The day was mild and rainy, which kept me at the Office employed almost constantly. This may be said to have been a well occupied space of time. The morning in examining some principles of Insurance Law, the afternoon in studying Adam Smith and the evening in reading Mr. Boswell. But upon such exertions, little occurs to remark, excepting that I find my principal difficulty consists in not being able to retain enough of what I read.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-15

Thursday. 15th.

The uniformity of a studious life is proverbial. I have little or no account to give of myself excepting that I was occupied all day in my various studies. A mild rain kept me securely in my Office without interruption. In the evening, I remained at home, being a little alarmed at a pain in my breast and shoulder which worried me. The re-action of the cold weather.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-16

Friday. 16th.

This was a lovely day and the softness of the air relieved me con• { 335 } siderably from my pain which was still however, somewhat sharp. Morning passed in reading the Massachusetts Reports, and finished the Collection of Statutes of the State from which I have gained some information. Called upon Davis and spent half an hour with him in conversation, but felt dissatisfied afterwards at the waste of time. Afternoon, Adam Smith from whom I have already gained some ideas. I went to the Theatre this evening to hear Dr. Arne’s Opera of Artaxerxes. Mrs. Austin and Mr. Horn.1 I was abundantly pleased. The former sings very well. The latter is not so highly gifted in voice. On the whole, I have seldom been better satisfied at the Theatre. The Soldier tir’d, and the Quartett of Mild as the moonbeams were exceedingly pleasing.
1. Mrs. Austin, an English singer, and Charles E. Horn, an English actor, were appearing in the opera by Thomas Augustine Arne (Ireland, Records of the N.Y. Stage, 1:545–546; Brown, History of the American Stage, p. 185).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-17

Saturday. 17th.

Morning at the Office, engaged in writing a letter to my Mother. After which I read the first Chapter in the third Volume of Kent’s Commentaries. Afternoon, engaged in a Chapter of Adam Smith upon Rent, which required pretty close attention. Attended the Moot Court in the evening where we had a good argument and pleasant conversation. My case was not decided in my favour.1
1. See entry for 3 Jan., and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-18

Sunday 18th.

Still rainy, attended the Meeting in Federal Street and heard Mr. Gannet preach a Sermon upon the utility of Controversial Religion, very little of which I could admire or assent to. Such a minister, with such ideas and feelings, is as shocking to my notions as possible, for it assumes severity as the garb of holiness. Why is man created with a sense of pleasure if he is not allowed to indulge it moderately? Why is a man indulged with reasoning powers if he cannot use them for himself with due diffidence? But to make it the duty of all men to worry and molest the opinions of others because they implicitly believe in the truth of their own, is to send the world into madness at once. I rode to Medford in the afternoon, and passed the evening as usual, pleasantly enough.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-19

Monday. 19th.

Returned to Boston, rather late and passed the morning, or rather { 336 } what remained of it, in reading Law. Afternoon, Adam Smith upon the Value of Silver. The day was pleasant. In the evening, Mr. Tarbell had Company and in compliment to him, I was present during the evening. The party consisted of persons in the second rank in life in this City, being merchants and professional men of respectability. I made some acquaintances and attempted to make myself tolerably agreeable, as in commencing my career in Boston, I feel as if much might depend upon my course. For I fear, I shall fail.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-20

Tuesday. 20th.

Morning at the Office. Received at last a letter from my Father with a remittance. There was not in it exactly what I expected. Although in noticing my allusion he made some kind of apology, yet it was not so kind as I expected after so long a silence. He attempts also to make me in the wrong, when I believe myself entirely right, or at any rate when I still feel as if I had suffered from his harshness.1 The larger part of his letter was upon other subjects. I read, but very loosely, and on the whole both morning and afternoon were not passed profitably owing to the difficulty which I found in fixing my thoughts. Evening, occupied in reading Mr. Boswell.
1. Sending CFA $250, JQA urged his son to forget their angry scene of 22 August 1828. “I told you then and repeat now,” he wrote, “that I will assist you and my other sons to the extent of my power, so long as I have the power and they are unable to support themselves. I will deny myself comforts to contribute to theirs, and only ask them to remember that I am retiring from the public service, with scanty resources, no light embarrassments, and a family unavoidably and heavily expensive” (JQA to CFA, 13 Jan. 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-21

Wednesday. 21st.

Morning at the Office, engaged in writing a reply to my father’s last letter. I touched upon the topic so sore between us; perhaps I said too much, but I could not avoid expressing my feeling at any hasard.1 The tone was very subdued. I then discussed other matters of politics. Afternoon, much interested in a Chapter of Adam Smith upon the Banking System, which gave me many new notions. Evening, Mr. Boswell who is still interesting, although one’s opinion of him diminishes as we go along, and Mr. Otis upon the Hartford Convention, whose reasoning is rather specious than solid.2
1. Acknowledging receipt of his allowance, CFA recurred to “the very tender . . . subject” of his angry interview with JQA over finances on 22 August 1828. Instead of using harsh reproaches, his father should have resorted “to the influence of kindness or of reason.” “. . . if there is a disposition on your part so great to aid us,” he added, “let it also be remembered that it requires { 337 } only a fair conviction of the fact, to occasion cheerful and much greater sacrifices ... on our part to prevent it. Until this time at least, it will be admitted, the occasion has not called for them on either side” (CFA to JQA, 21 Jan. 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).
2. Harrison Gray Otis, Letters Developing the Character and Views of the Hartford Convention, Washington, 1820.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-22

Thursday. 22nd.

Morning at the Office, reading the Massachusetts Reports and the third Volume of Kent’s Commentaries. I also took an opportunity to look into Austin’s Life of Gerry and read a few pages upon the old party times.1 Afternoon, read over Adam Smith’s masterly Chapter upon Stock. Evening, Mr. Boswell. My time now passes very pleasantly in regular and constant attention to very interesting subjects, my spirits generally good, and presenting on the whole a powerful contrast to my condition last year, proving to me that my course has been the correct one.
1. CFA’s copy of James Trecothick Austin, The Life of Elbridge Gerry, 2 vols., Boston, 1828–1829, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-23

Friday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in reading some important cases in the Massachusetts Reports. I also read a few pages of Austin’s Life of Gerry where I found a most remarkable letter from my Grandmother.1 Such things perhaps may contribute to make a man too proud, but it is certainly a singular fortune of our’s, to be the descendants of so much talent and distinction on all sides. The dream of ambition is a pleasant one, and had I not much to break my spirit and check it’s luxuriance, none would have been more active and energetic in supporting, or at least attempting to support, the high standard of our race. But as yet I am not certain that my days are not numbered, or at least that there is not to be a complete period to my hopes. My feelings are more quiet now, but not less settled. I hope more and am more prepared.
Afternoon, Adam Smith. In the evening, I went to the Theatre and heard performed, the Marriage of Figaro with the Music of Mozart. I recollect this from the absurd figure that a man made when I saw the same piece attempted some years since at New York. It was pretty well this time, but I was not so well pleased as on last Friday. The Overture was good. Ballet of the Caliph of Bagdad.
1. AA wrote Gerry, 31 Dec. 1796: “The elevated station in which the suffrages of our country have placed our friend [JA], is encompassed with so many dangers and difficulties, that it appears to me a slippery precipice, surrounded on all sides with rocks, shoals and quicksands” (Austin, Gerry, 2:143–145).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-24

Saturday. 24th.

Morning at the Office. Received a very pleasant letter from my Mother, in very good spirits, which I answered directly. Occupied the remainder of the morning in reading Mr. Austin’s Life of Mr. Gerry, parts of which are interesting. Afternoon, reading Adam Smith, though not able to fix my attention properly. The subject, though intricate, is very interesting. In the evening I went to a meeting of the Debating Society. Subject of Infant Schools, and licensing Lottery Tickets. I took no interest in either. I was appointed on a Committee at the next evening on the subject of amending our Constitution. And this affords an opportunity, if I desire, to improve it. But I cannot tell.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-25

Sunday. 25th.

Morning cold. Went to Meeting in Federal Street, and heard Mr. Emerson preach a Sermon upon Slander. Very good, more to the purpose than ten from Mr. Gannet. The good effect of these is palpable, that of others serves only to heat and inflame the community. After dinner, I went out to Medford and passed the day as usual. Abby was not well, and I myself felt a little head ache. Nothing remarkable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-26

Monday. 26th.

After waiting an hour or two with Abby, I came into town. The weather was very mild and became fair. At the Office, but not particularly occupied during the morning. Threatened with a head ache but it disappeared after dinner. Read some Chapters of the Wealth of Nations, and in the evening, amused myself as usual with Boswell. A quiet day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-27

Tuesday. 27th.

Morning foggy with rain. At the Office and in Court. Heard the close of an argument by Mr. Fletcher in which he injured his cause by too much earnestness. George came into my room and passed some time in conversation. We have at last in some measure got over the coldness. But I am determined in future to remain more at my own room. Having found that I can save much time which was formerly wasted. Afternoon, some Chapters of Adam Smith, and in the evening, Boswell. The rain changed to heavy snow.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-28

Wednesday. 28th.

Winter is again upon us, and I do not welcome it with pleasure. { 339 } But it is early to think of a release in this climate. Morning at the Office. I attended a meeting of the Proprietors of the Middlesex Canal at the Exchange. Found a small attendance and no interest taken in it. Returned to Office and finished Austin’s Life of Gerry. Afternoon, Adam Smith upon the Tariff policy. Evening, Boswell fast verging to the last days of Johnson, and Mr. Pickering’s Review of the Cunningham papers.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-29

Thursday. 29th.

Morning passed principally in Court, listening to an argument on the part of Mr. Fletcher. I see no way of shewing my disposition to do business so ready as being in Court, and propose to attend generally. Richardson came in and I went with him and sat in the Office. George came in and shewed me a letter from my father to him on the subject of the present controversy with the Federalists.1 I dined at Mr. Frothingham’s as Abby was in town. Had some conversation with him upon the election of Mr. Quincy to the Presidency of Harvard College which took place today. After dinner, sat with her an hour or more and then went to the Office and read one or two Chapters of Adam Smith. Evening, finished Boswell. He has been an amusing Companion for my evenings and I am almost sorry to come to the close.
1. JQA declared that his enemies among the old New England Federalists had always had a “sneaking kindness” toward Andrew Jackson and now that he was chosen President “they fall like hindoo self-devoted martyrs before the wheels of Juggernaut” (JQA to GWA, 19 Jan. 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-30

Friday. 30th.

Morning at the Office; received a pleasant letter from my Mother, in pretty good spirits. Looked up a case that was argued at Moot Court a fortnight since, read the Law upon it but could not make up my mind. The news was that Col. Pickering was dead.1 I cannot say I am glad but I am not sorry. For he is an inveterate enemy to us, and my father’s residence here will be rather painful as it is, I fear. I this day, through the agency of Mr. Degrand, purchased two shares more of the American Bank which is in addition to my former investment. I have managed tolerably well, and hope it will do me service, for I have none to thank but myself in my two last purchases. Obtained a Dividend of ten dollars on a share on two shares of the Middlesex Canal. Dined at Mrs. Frothingham’s again. Gorham Brooks and Ellen Shepherd, Abby and myself. A painful affair to me, and it entirely turned the cheerfulness of my spirits. I cannot feel easy where I am conscious { 340 } I am asked merely on Abby’s account, and the repugnance grows in me. A little of Adam Smith, Conversation with George, and in the evening, finished Pickering’s Review.
1. Timothy Pickering died in Salem on 29 January 1829 (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0001-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-01-31

Saturday 31st.

A fit of low spirits has come upon me, from what particular reason, I am not able to say. It originates perhaps with the feeling of irksome impatience occasioned by my situation in regard to the Brooks family, alluded to yesterday. I am tired of my engagement and the difficulties in the way of my visits to Abby. And heartily have I wished more than once that she had not a relation in the world. This is decidedly selfish and should not be indulged. All men suffer more or less from this disadvantage, and my only singularity is that I should be favoured with an unusual, and what is worse, an unexpected quantity. I hope Abby will not stay in town again till she is about to be married, if that time should ever come. My present arrangement is a pleasant one to me, for I see a great deal of her without any, or at any rate, much of the alloy. I cannot feel at home among her relations and there is an end of it.
I passed the larger part of the morning at the Office of the Middlesex Canal, gathering information of Mr. Eddy, and obtained enough to satisfy me for the present. I intend trying my hand at a paper upon this subject.1 Passed a part of the afternoon with Abby. Not very pleasantly for I was dull and restless. Interrupted by the arrival of Henry Brooks from New York. He has been absent a year, and looks thin. Went to the Office and wrote a letter to my Mother. It was short as my time was limited and it was not in very good humour as I was not. Evening, I went to Moot Court but found that there was none and felt exceedingly dull. Passed an hour at the Office but my fire was gone, and I was compelled to go home early.
1. The Middlesex Canal was to occupy much of CFA’s time during the ensuing week. For the essay which he finally prepared see entry for 7 Feb., and note, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-01

Sunday. February 1st.

Attended at Church all day at Federal Street. Heard Mr. Gannett whom I liked less even than usual. There are a species of men, who to a proud and sensitive mind, with the best meaning in the world, turn all religion into disgust. I must leave this Church if I wish to preserve my Christian feelings. Mr. Gannet belongs to a gloomy, denunciatory style of preachers who meet either my aversion or my contempt. { 341 } Passed the afternoon with George, where I saw what I did not wish to see, and drank tea with Miss Harriet Welsh where I conversed much upon many subjects.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-02

Monday. 2nd.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in digesting my Notes about the Middlesex Canal, but I was much interrupted. My friend, Mr. Tarbell, brought me a little debt to collect which is the first Act I have performed in the way of my profession. It put me in pretty good spirits. I this day paid Mr. Ward for one quarter’s occupation of my Office, for which I have not yet been reimbursed. After dinner, I spent some time with Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s, pleasantly enough. A violent snow storm came on so that I remained at the Office only a few minutes and remained at home in the evening. Mr. Tufts1 and Mr. Kinder, an English Agent, came in, with whom I had an argument upon political economy over some very good English Ale.
1. Presumably Cotton Tufts (1757–1833), of Weymouth (JQA, Diary, 13 July 1829). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-03

Tuesday. 3rd.

Morning at the Office. Employed in reading Law and drawing up my paper upon the subject of the Middlesex Canal. I received this morning the first money in the way of my profession. It was very gratifying, for I felt as if no one had a right to reproach me for it. And I have unhappily known too well what that is, not to relish even the mere dawn of independence. My spirits are not very bright, a cloud hangs over them which I cannot dispel. But I feel cheerful enough to prosecute my duties without tedium. Afternoon, with Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s. Nothing remarkable, but time very agreeable. In the evening at the Office, where I read Johnson’s Life of Pope, and criticism upon his Epitaphs. I was not as attentive as I should have been, I strongly suspect, for I was dull to much of it’s point.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-04

Wednesday. 4th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied much of the time in drawing up a Paper upon the Middlesex Canal. I intend showing this to my Father, though I am induced to do this from two motives separate from him, my own improvement and information. He would hardly repay me my trouble if I trusted to him. It may be wrong to feel as I do about him, { 342 } but his course hardly makes any other sentiment possible. I trust I feel duly attached to him, but my pride and independence have received a blow which he can never heal. I expected more than he was willing to comply with; I expected an active kindness equal to my own. Not in deeds, if he was unable to assist me, but in words and in manner. I do not desire to exalt myself or depress my brother. But I had sacrificed much for him, and I had done much to put that brother in a way to please him. Much of his condition was owing to my vigilance and care. And when that brother received even extraordinary kindness and I, extraordinary harshness, is it to be wondered at that I cannot root out the remembrance from my mind? I have never written so fully my mind in my Journal, time has taken off much of the bitterness which prevented my doing so, circumstances will probably prevent any positively unfavourable effect upon my prospects, but the memory of coldness from a parent still has force in itself to prompt these lines. In the performance of duty, I console myself.
Read a little Law. In the afternoon, with Abby, pleasantly as usual. Went to pay a visit to Mrs. Saml. Dexter in the evening. She is a pleasant and rather a witty old lady. Abby is a kind of protegé of her’s and I am well pleased that it should be so. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham were there also.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-05

Thursday. 5th.

Morning at the Office. Received a pleasant letter from John, asking my assistance in a plan of his respecting the French Claims. He wants to get business before them if a Board should be constituted as is expected shortly. I wrote a reply immediately and told him that I would do what I could.1 I was occupied in my Middlesex Canal paper nearly all day. After dinner, went to see Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s and passed the afternoon there. I went also in the evening, in order to escort her to see Miss Carter who has just lost her brother,2 passing the evening with Mrs. Frothingham, myself.
1. Both of the letters are missing. American citizens had claims of more than $12,000,000 against the French government, dating from the Napoleonic wars. “They included cases of appropriations and condemnations of property in violation of the Convention of 1800, irregular condemnations or confiscations, retroactive condemnations, condemnations under the ‘retaliatory’ Berlin and Milan decrees, . . . and other arbitrary procedures.” For years the American government had vainly sought a settlement, but the newly elected President Jackson was pledged to take a more forceful line (Bemis, Diplomatic Hist. U.S., p. 287–288).
2. William P. Carter, Anne Carter’s brother, died “in a state of insanity” in Elizabeth City, N.J., on 23 January (Columbian Centinel, 7 Feb. 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-06

Friday. 6th.

Morning at the Office. Received very pleasant letters from my Father and Mother. The first was full of interest, being in his peculiar style. The second was very pleasant and disclosed more of the plans than usual. I am glad some of the servants are coming on. It will be a great advantage. On the whole, my spirits were more elated than usual. I was busy in copying the Paper on the Middlesex Canal. Dined at Mr. Frothingham’s with the family and Henry Brooks. He is very pleasant. Abby was not in very pleasant humour, so that I did not have a very agreeable afternoon. This is a candid confession but I am never disposed to make concealments. All I wish to do is to make allowances. Busy, the remainder of the afternoon. In the evening, called for Abby at Mrs. Warren’s. She is an old lady and a very coarse one. The family to whom Julia Gorham is connected are attentive to Abby, so she returns, but excepting the Gorhams, they are my aversion. Returned at ten, perfectly tired out.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-07

Saturday. 7th.

Morning at the Office. Engaged very busily in an answer to my father’s letter [of] yesterday. The famous pamphlet came out this morning, and I read it previous to my writing.1 It serves only the purpose of declaring the war. And I presume that in future we shall have no communication between the parties. I was exceedingly engaged with this letter and my Middlesex Canal Paper. It occupied me all the morning and until four o’clock in the afternoon, hard and constant labour.2
I then went to see Abby as usual and passed the afternoon pleasantly. The death of William Carter which had raised her sympathies very much for her friend Miss Carter was passing over, and she felt less sensitive than yesterday. My only fear about her is that upon entering the world she has too much to learn. Some mortification to experience and some sorrow to bear. In the evening I attended the Debating Society. The subject was the character of Napoleon as given by Dr. Channing.3 Although I had not expected at all to engage in the debate, yet as the question was interesting and my feelings gradually engaged, I hazarded a few words and did better than I expected. I am inclined to believe that I may yet succeed in improving my qualities as a speaker when I wear off the timidity which embarrasses me so much.
1. The eighty-page pamphlet was titled Correspondence between John Quincy Adams, Esquire, President of the United States, and Several Citizens of Massa• { 344 } chusetts concerning the Charge of a Design to Dissolve the Union Alleged to Have Existed in That State, Boston, 1829. It reprinted the earlier documents in the controversy over JQA’s charge that New England Federalists had conspired to divide the Union, along with a detailed reply, dated 28 January 1829, from the “thirteen confederates” which claimed that JQA had failed to present any proof of his accusation. CFA thought that Harrison Gray Otis was the author (CFA to JQA, 7 Feb. 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).
2. CFA’s “A Paper on the Middlesex Canal,” bearing the present date at the end, attempted to examine the income and expenditures of the corporation and to predict its future revenue and dividends. He concluded: “it is only a Property fit for Capitalists—Men who have no immediate necessity for revenue” (M/CFA/21, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 315).
3. See entry for 11 Nov. 1827, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-08

Sunday. 8th.

Went to Church this morning at Federal Street and heard Dr. Channing preach a Sermon which was a very pretty piece of writing but which I could not take much interest in. I confess I was indulging in dreams. Ambition is an enticing subject. And whenever I feel the energies within me rising, I take a pleasure in them which cannot be repressed although there is a weight which hangs over me, with considerable force, keeping down exuberant hope. I am confident of success in life if I live. That is the question. I am entirely in the hands of Providence. In the afternoon, Mr. Noyes preached,1 and I cannot say that I was too much pleased. He was an old Instructor of mine and I wish him well. But had he taken more interest in me, I might perhaps have been more successfull at Cambridge. I was negligent at that time, and finding that it disabled me from pursuing the College studies, I was thrown into other pursuits which perhaps will eventually prove more advantageous. In the evening, attended an Oratorio of sacred Music. Mr. Horn, Mrs. Austin and others. I was pleased though not so much delighted with music as usual. I have not seen Abby today and feel it considerably. Custom and affection soon form heavy bands. Returned in a heavy rain.
1. George Rapall Noyes, Harvard 1818, who was tutor from 1822 to 1827 and served as Hancock professor of Hebrew from 1840 to 1868 (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-09

Monday. 9th.

Morning at the Office, engaged all the morning though I could hardly tell how. I did accomplish a letter to my Mother which should have gone on Saturday. And I seemed busy without much useful purpose. Another Client this morning. A little conversation with Mr. Davis at Webster’s upon my father’s Pamphlet, which excites a good deal of talk. Afternoon with Abby, pleasantly as usual. Evening at the Office reading Pope.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-10

Tuesday. 10th.

Morning at the Office. Not very usefully occupied. I must again resume my old habits which my late way of life has had an injurious influence upon. Dropped in at Hilliard’s and purchased an annual for Abby. This day completes the two years since I offered myself to her acceptance. And by a singular because unintentional coincidence, the book was called the Anniversary. My feelings have changed with the times. I was then careless, luxurious and independent. I am now cautious, frugal and not my own master. I love Abby but like all lovers pass as much of my time in unhappiness as in pleasure, and above all have still more awful ideas of the future than ever. Mine is a mind fertile in expedients for self torment. And under a strong influence of depression I this evening laid down my soul in Prayer. Dined at Chardon Brooks’ with Abby which unfitted me for study in the afternoon, and returned in the evening. I am sure I feel exceedingly well disposed to every one, but I cannot relish evenings of this kind. And they grind my spirit. I cannot account for their influence. They all feel kindly to me, I believe, and I certainly feel no ill will to them, far from it, but there is a want of something which presses upon me with a rod of iron. Returned home in a snow storm which gives us token of more winter.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-11

Wednesday. 11th.

Arose in better spirits. Morning at the Office, occupied in reading Law. Kent’s Commentaries, the third Volume, which is more to my taste than the preceding ones. Also, some cases in the Massachusetts Reports. Nothing particular happened and no Clients came in. Afternoon with Abby. I was paid for my low spirits yesterday by having a most delightful afternoon today. Such is the waywardness of human life. George came in and had some conversation. The political troubles. My father is now standing on a point. His attitude is commanding. If the future must be war, let it come. Evening, went with Abby to Mrs. Carter’s and called for her on her return. Commenced reading Pelham, a new Novel.1
1. Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer (afterwards Bulwer-Lytton), Pelham; or, the Adventures of a Gentleman, 3 vols., London, 1828.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-12

Thursday. 12th.

Morning at the Office, occupied in reading Law. Nothing of any consequence occurred. Dined at Mr. Frothingham’s. Why is it that { 346 } I should be more than fully tried? I detest these family affairs among “my wife’s relations.” This is the plain sense of my feelings. I am tried1 of going about to people’s houses as a pensioner, and I am tried of trying to be intimate where the difference of manners and feelings and character is such as to prevent the possibility of it. If this is to be a perpetuity, it is a curse, and I shall have eminent reason to repent my marriage. I hope this will not be the result. I love Abby dearly for herself alone, and I do not wish to marry her family. Had I seen her here, instead of at Washington where she was alone, I think I never should have had courage to pierce this Army. Evening, reading Pelham. My head ached, because out of complaisance I drank too much wine. Pleasant conversation with George.
1. Thus in MS, here and again in this line, but probably both are slips of the pen for “tired.”

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-13

Friday. 13th.

Morning at the Office. Suffering under a head ach, the consequence of the wine. I have become so unaccustomed to this article that it has a very unfavourable influence upon my nerves. Received quite a pleasant letter from my Aunt Smith which I answered directly.1 But my reply did not have the point I wished, as my spirits were not high. The wit which formerly sparkled in my letters is nearly extinct. My character is not what it was. It is useless to trace the causes of the influence which has changed it for I know them well.
A little law. Afternoon, Pelham, very interesting. Rather a singular book, but containing much sense, and observation of character. Exaggerated as such books generally are for it is difficult to avoid this in a Novel, and besides, it is easy to call a thing extravagant though much in human life can be found too high wrought even for the wildest scene of a Novel. Yet as we see little out of the common life, in general, we pronounce all equally impossible. Evening, dressed for a Supper party. Had on a Coat which I have never worn before and which I had hoped first to put on for a different occasion.2 My spirits were depressed by it and by the unexpected idea of the Company I was to enter. Mrs. Ignatius Sargent gave the Party and it was very handsome, but the character of the Company was not pleasant to me being People in whom I took no interest, and with whom I have very little in common. My great dislike to this kind of society is that I feel myself in some measure invited on Abby’s account, as a pendant, and this entirely stiffens me. Sat between Abby and Mrs. Frothingham but had a stupid time.
{ 347 }
1. Both Mrs. Smith’s letter and the reply are missing.
2. See entry for 6 Nov. 1828, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-14

Saturday 14th.

Morning at the Office but not much occupied. Wrote a letter to my Mother and conversed with George. My mind was disposed to dissipation of thought, and so I read Pelham. This I finished in the afternoon. I have been much interested in it. The book bears signs of a manly and vigorous mind. The reflection is of a very high character. Novels are in general dangerous resources for studious Lawyers, and I consequently dabble in them but very little. Conversed with George upon it. His mind is a pleasant one from it’s high cultivation, and though it is undirected to any useful purpose from his want of steadiness of [ . . . ] action, it affords agreeable results in desultory conversation. Evening with Abby, found her dull and could not succeed in rousing her. Am I right in wishing this probation over. For the cold and the hot of lovers is after a certain period quite distressing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-15

Sunday 15th.

Morning at Meeting at Dr. Channing’s. Heard him but not with much interest. The sameness of his case worries me. He always talks prettily but not often to any useful purpose. Afternoon, Mr. Gannet with his usual fulminating style. He would have made a capable Pope of Rome in the days of power. Spent an hour with Harriet Welsh and another with George pretty agreeably. Evening at home. Tried to see Abby but found so many people I returned without attempting it. Very stupid at home. I hope not to be condemned to such another sunday evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-16

Monday. 16th.

Morning at the Office. Received a pleasant letter from my Mother enclosing a present of a ten dollar bill. This was unexpected and hardly agreeable, for I know she has little and that I should be the one to give. I confess it is a relief though I might easily go on without it. But in accepting it, I shall put a stop to any thing similar in future. Perhaps a time may come when I can return it with interest. Passed a part of the morning in the Court of Common Pleas and George talked away the remainder. Afternoon pleasantly with Abby. I cannot help feeling a wish that ought not perhaps to be indulged, that the engagement was nearer to it’s close. But patience, three months have already { 348 } passed of the additional probation. Evening at the Office, reading Pope. Mr. Fletcher this day became a fellow boarder with me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-17

Tuesday. 17th.

Morning at the Office and in Court of Common Pleas. Little of any consequence occurred. I am trying to pursue my simple course as well as I can. Had a client this morning through the kindness of Mr. Tarbell. Small debts to collect. Thus went the morning. Afternoon, engaged in reading Adam Smith which Abby’s departure from town enables me to resume. Evening, reading Pope—Eloisa to Abelard. A beautiful letter, if we examine the manner and the versification but something too sensual. I also read many of his smaller Poems.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-18

Wednesday 18th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Three days have been passed in a single case of Leonard Foster against the City. It was so dull I could not stay. Pleas of land are dry things to argue upon. The rest of the morning passed in Law. Afternoon, Adam Smith, Chapter on Colonies. Evening, Pope’s Essay on Man. A style of Poem which does not interest me much. The day spent usefully but not without tedium. I feel the want of good society.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-19

Thursday. 19th.

Morning at the Office. Reading Law but not with any interest. The multiplicity of subjects distracts my attention and the dryness of detail worries my patience. Walked into Court, found the Supreme Court sitting to hear motions. Afternoon, Adam Smith upon the Colonial System, quite interesting but difficult. Evening, Pope Essays and Epistles.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-20

Friday. 20th.

Morning at the Office. And in Court. Heard a case argued of little importance and without affording much instruction. But it is still of service to me to be here as it makes me familiar with practice and with men. Conversation for an hour, with George. Afternoon, finished Smith’s Chapter on the Colonies as a system of policy. Evening at the Theatre. Rob Roy and the Quartette, pieces of very little merit. Madame Feron1 —not pleased with her style of singing. Too artificial. I like art and execution but not alone. It drowns the natural effect of simple sounds when produced incessantly. She did not sing the Soldier { 349 } Tir’d so well as Mrs. Austin. But her voice is sweeter, and her low notes are much more clear and effective. On the whole, not well satisfied particularly as I breasted the heaviest snow storm we have had this winter, on my return. This exertion and a heavy fall which I had put me a little out of spirits.
1. The two operas were Rob Roy MacGregor, or Auld Lang Syne, a musical adaptation of Sir Walter Scott’s novel, by John Davy and Henry Rowley Bishop, and The Quartette, by Charles E. Horn. Madame Elizabeth Feron (1793–1853) was an English singer who had made her first American appearance in 1828 (Brown, History of the American Stage, p. 122).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-21

Saturday. 21st.

Morning at the Office, but rather late. The storm ceased at eight o’clock and we found ourselves in the midst of snow. I have not seen such a spectacle since my Junior year at Cambridge. The depth of it on a level might be a foot and a half. But it lay in some places in drifts of four or five feet. My Office windows were covered so as completely to shut out the light. Wrote a letter to my Mother which occupied all the morning that remained. Afternoon, read over Dr. Channing’s Review of Napoleon’s Life, with a view to discussion in the evening but the meeting1 was so thin, that I took no advantage of it.
1. Of the Debating Society.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-22

Sunday 22nd.

Attended divine service all day at the Meeting House in Federal Street. Heard Dr. Channing in the morning in his usual beautiful but attenuated style. Afternoon, Mr. Gannet upon Education, more sensible than usual. The snow was so deep, and the account of the roads so appalling that I declined the idea of riding to Medford, and passed a very dull day in Boston. Indeed I had calculated so confidently but a week since upon no more repetitions of Sundays in Boston that my disappointment upon the very first strongly impressed me with the idea of folly of human expectation.
This day is not only remarkable as the anniversary of the natal day of Washington. To me it has a dearer association, for two years since I felt that evening for the first time as an assured lover. It dates a revolution in my feelings and sentiments of action of a most fortunate character to me, so far, and may it still continue! From having been a man without action and without purpose, I am become steadily devoted to a single line of conduct, with motives of which none could feel ashamed, and with pursuits which, however they may fail of success { 350 } in the world, are decidedly honourable to myself. I cherish the recollection of the day though it may have come too late.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-23

Monday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office, engaged in examining my Papers for some years past and destroying many of them. I do this in order to arrange the remainder for any future contingency. In reading my brother George’s letters I saw much which reminded me forcibly of by-gone days. Afternoon, Adam Smith. Evening, Pope. Weather excessively cold. The Winter does not relax.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-24

Tuesday. 24th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Little going on of any importance. The day rather dull and I was inclined to head ache. Read over my files of letters from my brother George. They amused me exceedingly and I could destroy only a few. The remainder I put up to be restored to him. Afternoon, in Court, and a Chapter of Adam Smith. Evening, Pope’s Dunciad in which I have never been able to take great pleasure. A slight fall of snow.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-25

Wednesday. 25th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. The place was crowded as it was expected that a case of defamation would come on between Mr. Fales and two Milliners who charged his Wife with stealing. It was carried up to the Supreme Court. I saw more of the practice in this Court than usual, today. Received a sweet Note from Abby1 which made me glad, and a short Letter from my Father together with the Washington Pamphlet of the Correspondence.2 Some of the papers are very astonishing. Afternoon, Adam Smith and evening, Pope. The weather very bad.
1. Missing.
2. JQA had been busy trying to collect evidence to refute the “thirteen confederates” (see entry for 7 Feb., and note, above). The only trustworthy recollection he could secure was that of William Plumer (1759–1850), a former Senator from New Hampshire, who claimed to know at first hand of a New England separatist movement in 1803–1804, which he believed had been revived in 1808 and in 1812. JQA had Plumer’s letter and other supplementary papers added to a new edition of the pamphlet of the Boston Federalists: Correspondence between John Quincy Adams, President of the United States, and Several Citizens of Massachusetts concerning the Charge of a Design to Dissolve the Union Alleged to Have Existed in That State. To Which Are Now Added Additional Papers, Illustrative of the Subject, Washington, 1829 (copy in MHi).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-26

Thursday 26th.

The morning opened with a heavy rain, which acting upon the snow already on the ground, laid our streets some inches under water. The walking was consequently horrible. I went to the Office in the morning but was satisfied to remain at home during the rest of the day. Wrote an answer to my father’s last. It was short and a little dull. I did little else during the morning. Afternoon and Evening passed in reading Mirabeau’s Private History of the Court of Berlin.1 Not very amusing, although good as the models for a spy, into the politics of a Court.
1. The Stone Library contains two copies of Histoire secrète de la cour de Berlin, by Honoré Gabriel Riquetti, Comte de Mirabeau, 2 vols., London and Paris, 1789.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-27

Friday. 27th.

Morning cold and unpleasant. At the Office and in Court. This Controversy has at last excited me very much and I could not avoid writing a short Article for the Patriot, notwithstanding the express injunction of my father to keep quiet.1 The course of the federal Newspapers is too unfair. Nothing going on in Court, so that I continued the examination of my Papers and destroyed a number. Afternoon, read the Trial of Mr. Child for a Libel on Mr. Keyes,2 and a Chapter of Adam Smith. Evening, Pope, Dunciad and his Numbers of the Guardian.
1. CFA’s article did appear in the Boston Patriot & Mercantile Advertiser on 28 February. Commenting on the JQA-William Plumer correspondence, which the paper was printing (see entry for 25 Feb., and note, above), CFA wrote: “It is not our intention, after the manner of some of our cotemporaries, to ask the public, first to take our word, and read afterwards; nor with others, to show only those parts which have not been published before, out of connextion. . . . All we ask, is the attention of our readers to the whole pamphlet taken together.” See GWA to JQA, 28 Feb. 1829, and JQA to CFA, 8 Mar. 1829, Adams Papers.
2. CFA’s copy of the Trial of the Case of the Commonwealth versus David Lee Child, for Publishing in the Massachusetts Journal a Libel on the Honorable John Keyes, Boston, 1829, is in the Boston Athenaeum.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0002-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-02-28

Saturday. 28th.

Morning at the Office. Wrote a letter to my Mother and a short Note to my father besides sending an order to my Tailors in Philadelphia which I note for the sake of remembering the fact.1 This occupied the time until dinner after which I read Adam Smith. Evening at the Moot Court. Heard a short argument and passed the remainder of the evening at home.
1. The letters to JQA and to the tailors are missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-01

Sunday. March 1st.

Attended service in the morning and heard Mr. Gannet deliver a Sermon as usual. Differing but little from any preceding ones which I have heard from him. The day was cold and blustering, fit weather for the month we commence. After dinner, I went to Medford in a sleigh, it being the first time I recollect to have driven a thing of the kind, and the first for a long time that I have been in one. I got there safe and glad to see Abby again after so long a separation. She was more affectionate even than usual, and I felt my feelings soothed and my happiness raised to a degree which has not happened before for a long time. Not that I have not been occasionally very much so, but this was an evening “par excellence.”

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-02

Monday. March 2nd.

Passed an hour with Abby previous to my return to town, pleasantly enough. The day was fair and I came in pretty rapidly. Morning at the Office, writing a letter to my Aunt Smith in reply to one received from her on Saturday.1 Afternoon, engaged in reading Adam Smith but my attention was not fixed to it. So that I gained little. In the evening, Mirabeau, Cour de Berlin, not interesting at all. I felt heavy, and apathetical, if there is such a word. I suspect, a little bilious, for this was my condition last Spring.
1. Both Mrs. Smith’s letter and the reply are missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-03

Tuesday. 3rd.

Morning at the Office. Weather tolerably mild at last. After being engaged some time in filing papers, I went into Court. The Supreme Court of the State commencing its Session this day. I heard an argument on a motion for a release of a Prisoner brought up on Habeas Corpus. This occupied the morning, and I took a Note of it which I passed the Afternoon in filling out, excepting a short time in which I was occupied in reflecting upon my argument about Banks which I am engaged to make before the Debating Society.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-04

Wednesday 4th.

Morning at the Office, and in the Supreme Court where I listened to a case of not much importance. This is the day upon which Genl. Jackson takes upon himself the responsibility of government. It is the day consummating the triumph of his party, and was celebrated accordingly by his partisans here who have never been numerous in this { 353 } quarter, but who were anxious to make some display on this occasion. Guns were fired, the troops paraded and so forth. My father is now a private citizen after a long life of public service. I hope he will feel pleasure in the circumstance, but have yet to see how the change will become him. Four years since, the scene was different and I took my part in the pride and in the pleasure. Now I feel little regret, and little interest in the matter. I could not help thinking that it might be a trying day at Washington though it was not so here.
Afternoon, engaged in writing and reading on the subject of the Banks, and copied very clumsily my Note of the Argument in the morning. I will make an attempt to open the first subject distinctly, and therefore passed a part of the evening arranging and digesting it.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-05

Thursday. 5th.

Morning at the Office and in the Supreme Court. Arguments to unimportant Cases. The weather rainy at first, which afterwards changed to a snow storm. Nothing occurred in the afternoon and I did not pass it very busily, although I reflected upon the subject of Banks. The evening was got through with a very dull manner at home, I being uncommonly heavy and sleepy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-06

Friday. 6th.

Morning at the Office and in the Supreme Court. Heard an argument in the case of the N.E. Ins. Company against D’Wolf, which I heard in the trial at Nisi Prius. It was interesting and I took a Note of it.1 The weather cleared up in the afternoon. I went home earlier than usual and looked over a File of my Letters to my Mother written last year. They were exceedingly interesting and I did not cease until I read them through. This occupied until late in the evening, and I did nothing else.
1. CFA’s notes on the case of the New England Marine Insurance Company v. James De Wolf Jr., are in his Law Miscellanies (M/CFA/17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-07

Saturday. 7th.

I attended in the Supreme Court as much as I could but was exceedingly interrupted divers times during the morning. This I regretted the less on the whole as there was not much of interesting matter going on. Indeed I cannot say I lost any thing. But my time passed rapidly. The afternoon was occupied in arranging my materials { 354 } for what I should say, and the usual duty of writing to my Mother, which was not so interesting as usual because from some reason or other, I cannot find so much subject to write about. In the evening, I attended the meeting of the Debating Society and opened the subject. The attendance was thin and I did not feel inspired, the subject passed much as usual. I was dis-appointed in regard to the animation of the subject and the subject. The other members of the Committee overruling me.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-08

Sunday. 8th.

Attended divine service and heard Mr. Gannet deliver a Sermon somewhat in the usual style. I like him less and less. The morning was cloudy, but as he finished early I took the opportunity of going to Medford before dinner. My horse was unusually lively and I arrived there in a sleigh before their dinner time. Found Abby well and Mr. Emerson the young man there to dine. I was obliged to go and hear him in the afternoon and in the evening had a pleasant conversation with Abby. On the whole my last fortnight has been very happy. And this method of passing Sunday is a luxury. In the evening Mr. Brooks talked to me upon the subject of my marriage disclosing the fact that any further delay should not be made by him to my marriage. Or in other words that as soon as he could fix upon a house for us, we might use our own judgment about it. I feel much obliged to him for this kindness, but the particular moment is passed and now I prefer to postpone until September or October. But I am glad to see some hope of the close of this, and though it may be a thing I should not wish, yet who could help it.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-09

Monday 9th.

Returned to town rather earlier than usual, as Mr. Brooks came in with me. The morning was pleasant and we had an agreeable ride. On reaching town, I attended Court as usual. The Inaugural Address of General Jackson was much the subject of Conversation. It is a feeble production, remarkable for nothing but it’s jesuitical spirit in the leading topics of difference at present agitating the Community, and the strong contrast it presents to the productions of his predecessor.1 The afternoon was passed in writing, and the evening at Dr. Welsh’s, conversing with Miss Harriet upon matters and things in general.
1. For Andrew Jackson’s first inaugural address, see Richardson, ed., Messages and Papers, 2:436–438.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-10

Tuesday 10th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Heard arguments as usual. Nothing material taking place. In the afternoon, I sent out a Writ, being my first exertion of power. Not as I hope to any bad purpose. I wrote off a case or two from my Notes, but I find it very difficult so perfectly to remember the train of reasoning as to be able to fill them out correctly. I attempted to pursue Adam Smith but could not preserve a continued attention. In the evening, I read some of Pope’s lighter prose works. The evening was beautiful and would have reminded us of Spring, had we not a great body of snow upon the ground.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-11

Wednesday 11th.

Morning at the Office and in the Supreme Court. Cases of little interest going on so that attendance is irksome. I nevertheless pursue it as well as I can consistently with the little business I have entrusted to me. My principal surprise and I must add regret, is that the family will write me nothing from Washington. The Inauguration seems to have made them torpid. I am not surprised at the result, though I must confess it is unexpected and unwelcome. Afternoon engaged in writing. I cannot study very well now, but I looked a little into the Law of Trespass, as laid down by Mr. Fuller in the morning.1 Evening, Mr. Pope, Martinus Scriblerus.
1. Henry H. Fuller had appeared for the defendant in the case of Holley v. Huggeford, which CFA had heard in the morning (CFA, Law Miscellanies, M/CFA/ 17, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 311).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-12

Thursday. 12th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. A heavy rain which promises to have an effect upon the great mass of snow and ice now on the ground. In Court both morning and afternoon paying attention to arguments. I have consequently little to say upon the matters foreign to my occupation. In the evening, read Pope. Genl. Jackson is extending his list of proscription rapidly and the most remarkable circumstance is that I do not get a syllable from the family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-13

Friday 13th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Little or nothing going on and I feel excessively tired of lounging. No letters from home yet. Nothing remarkable took place of any kind. My time is taken up pretty much. In my attendance at Court I am surprised at the absence of every thing { 356 } like agreeable speaking at our Bar. I am aware of the defect, but whether I could do better is a very doubtful point with me. I hope to attempt it at least. In the evening, I paid attention to Mr. Pope.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-14

Saturday. 14th.

Received a long letter from my father this morning, giving his account of the new administration. I was much entertained with it, though its tone from some unaccountable reason or other contributed to depress my spirits considerably. I did not remain in Court this morning and therefore occupied myself in my room as well as I could. Afternoon, wrote a letter to my Mother though she has not sent me a line for a month. Then took a walk which was not very agreeable from the severe cold. The weather continues uncommonly harsh for the season. Evening, Moot Court. No argument, and adjourned for the Season.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-15

Sunday. 15th.

Morning cold. Attended divine Service at the Church on Federal Street and heard Mr. Gannet deliver a tolerably good Sermon upon Prejudices. It suited me on the whole much better than any I have heard from him. After dinner I started for Medford. I reached the Turnpike in pretty good condition and had just reached a Snow bank when my Axle gave way, which put a stop to my proceeding. After some trouble I obtained another Chaise and went on. I thought myself lucky in getting off so cheap. I felt grateful to Heaven though some people think a special Providence is the creation of a vain spirit. I do not. I reached Medford rather later than usual, and spent the rest of the day much as usual.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-16

Monday 16th.

Morning cloudy. Returned to town rather late in order to give time for my Gig to be repaired. I found it ready at Charlestown. Misfortunes however never come single. As I was passing a truck my wheel came too near and turned me over on the pavement without any ceremony. I was not hurt and went on. But I have cause to thank heaven again that I was quit with the fright. My life might have paid the forfeit of my imprudence, though I really did not see what occasioned the shock. But the roads are very dangerous and I feel little or no desire to see more of them than I can help. I felt my bruises all day however and the thing affected me with low spirits. I did little or nothing in the { 357 } morning and in the afternoon, wrote a letter to my father. Evening at home reading the Disowned.1
1. A novel by Bulwer-Lytton, London, 1829.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-17

Tuesday. 17th.

Morning at the Office, occupied in copying my letter to my Father, which took me nearly the whole time. The rest was not passed very usefully. I have another Client. They thus seem to thicken upon me, and I feel on the whole quite thankful for it. Afternoon, reading Adam Smith, but the thread has been so long interrupted that I cannot easily resume. Evening, reading the Disowned, which is very interesting.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-18

Wednesday. 18th.

Morning at the Office. Nothing remarkable. Called into the Justices Court to enter my first action this morning. I felt a little puzzled about it but got along, I suppose as others do. Then in the Supreme Court where I listened to an argument until I was called out to see my friend Richardson who paid me a visit. We chatted pleasantly for an hour. Afternoon in Court. A land cause. Evening, at home reading the Disowned. It is very interesting and what is more it has a deep settled influence upon those who are as ambitious as I am, for I find many of its aspirations echoed within in sounds which I recognized as long and deeply cherished.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-19

Thursday. 19th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. The land cause was going on and as I took no interest in it and found little profit, I went to my Office to study Blackstone over again. Nothing remarkable took place. George showed me an interesting letter from my father which I read with much interest and attention.1 In the afternoon, finished Smith’s Wealth of Nations, a book from which I have derived instruction and amusement. I propose following up the subject with some of the later writers. Evening at the Office reading the Disowned.
1. JQA’s letter contained further details of his fight with the “thirteen confederates” (JQA to GWA, 13 Mar. 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-20

Friday. 20th.

Morning at the Office. Passed in reading Blackstone with some attention. I find myself more acquainted with it than I had expected. Read over in review my file of my father’s letters and found them more { 358 } interesting now than at first. My thoughts were of a mixed character, but they were not unpleasant. I dare not give utterance to them even here. They breathe a spirit of pride and perhaps of vanity which becomes no one. Received a note from Abby intimating a desire to have me remain in Boston on Sunday.1 It made me a little dull. After dinner I was reviewing Smith’s Chapter on Taxes and in the evening read the Disowned.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-21

Saturday. 21st.

Morning at the Office. Looked over some Chapters of Blackstone and a long Essay of Mr. Butler upon the Feudal System. I think I am pretty well acquainted with that subject. In the afternoon. Wrote to my Mother and read Adam Smith. Spirits rather dull on account of my intended stay in Boston. In the evening. Attended a meeting of the Debating Society. The subject was the expediency of religious Controversy. I became warm, but did not say much. The evening passed quietly and rapidly and the subject was not disposed of.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-22

Sunday. 22nd.

Attended divine service all day, at Dr. Channing’s. Heard in the morning Mr. Gannet to whose Sermon I could not pay much attention. In the afternoon, Mr. Frothingham, a very remarkable address, upon toleration. I admire the sentiments of it, though I confess I think them ill adapted to our meridian. We are an intolerant people. The weather was disagreeable and a light snow was falling throughout the day, but as George had not been to the Office yesterday, I went to see how he was. Indolence and inactivity, mental and bodily, are his troubles. I spent an hour with him, and returned to tea. I thought in the evening I would visit Mrs. Frothingham, but was so coldly received that I shall not go there soon again.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-23

Monday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office and in Court. The Judges passed the morning in delivering opinions upon Cases, some of which were tolerably interesting and all of them seemed to be reasonable and sound. I was called out to make a small Writ in the way of my business. There is something encouraging in this to one in progress. Afternoon, reading Adam Smith, finished his Chapter on Taxes. My room was hardly tenable owing to the wind and consequent smoke. Evening, finished the Disowned, and a volume of Pope’s Works.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-24

Tuesday. 24th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Heard an argument upon a Case which was not interesting in itself, but which the difference between the Counsel in the cause made amusing. I do not admire Mr. Rand.1 His is a mind of that narrow stamp which admits impressions out of the mere common line with difficulty. Afternoon, finished Smith and commenced Say’s Political Economy which I propose to take in continuation, but my room was not very agreeable in the high winds of this month. Evening, Pope’s Letters to Wycherley and Walsh.
1. Benjamin Rand, Harvard 1808, had his law office at 5 Court Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-25

Wednesday. 25th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Heard an Argument upon a Case relating to Nahant Hotel. As Abby had written to me yesterday, a request to come out to see her1 and I had been unable to comply, I thought I would make up for it today, and so I went out at one o’clock. The day was cold, but I had a pleasant afternoon. Mrs. Brooks has been quite sick and as usual, little has been said about it. Conversation with Abby and hopes of happiness. It is matter of great gratification to me to find that I have been so well and so cheerful for so long a time, and have had very few dull forebodings such as formerly. I hope strongly though I confess I had a little return this evening. But it was only momentary and my mind made a successful effort to resist it.
1. Letter missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-26

Thursday 26th.

Returned to town this morning without accident. Found a letter for me at the Office from my Mother giving an account of her present situation but not saying a single syllable about her probable time of departure.1 Then in Court, heard a case argued upon stoppage in transitu. This occupied a larger part of the morning. Afternoon, Say’s Political Economy and in the evening, Pope’s Correspondence with Ladies, which is particularly conceited.
1. LCA described the house at Meridian Hill, to which she and JQA had retired after leaving the White House (LCA to CFA, 19 March 1829, Adams Papers). See also entry for 3 April, and note, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-27

Friday 27th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Found a case of but little in• { 360 } terest and did not remain but looked into Blackstone. Afternoon, engaged in Say. His reasoning is clear after reading Smith, though I am disposed to think it incorrect. I was much shocked today by receiving the information of the death of Dr. Gorham, after a short illness. This seems like something entirely foreign from the course of my ideas and only serves to suggest the reflection of the very slight nature of our tenure of this life. But this is a hackneyed subject, and though the idea is one at all times fearful, the expression of it has become commonplace. In the evening, I was more interested than I have been in the Letters of Pope.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-28

Saturday. 28th.

Morning at the Office and in Court, but finding nothing very instructive there I occupied myself in writing a letter to my Mother. Little or nothing of consequence took place. A rumor of an engagement between Mr. Webster and a young lady of this place was the prevailing topic of conversation.1 Afternoon reading Say, the day was mild and pleasant. Abby was in town at Mrs. Gorhams and I found her walking to her brother Edward’s. But of course I could see very little of her. I took a walk as usual, and in the evening sat at the Office reading Pope’s Letters. The Moot Court having adjourned for the Season. Returned home early.
1. CFA thought Webster’s reported engagement to a Miss Parker “a shocking misalliance” (CFA to LCA, 4 April 1829, Adams Papers). The rumor was untrue.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-29

Sunday 29th.

The day was lovely, being the first of the kind which we have had during this season. As Abby wanted me to drive her out of town this morning, I called for her at eleven and reached Medford to dinner. Mr. and Mrs. Everett were there also and we had a tolerably pleasant day. Mrs. Brooks looks ill, very ill. My surprise is that she should continue to live as she does, but this idea would I presume very much distress the family if I was to express it, so I am silent. Returned to town in the afternoon. Roads not of the finest and I was glad to return safe from an excursion not entirely without danger. Evening, a very long walk, which fatigued me more than I expected and so I did not sleep so well as usual, but my day was on the whole very agreeable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-30

Monday. 30th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Heard an argument which did not instruct me and so returned to read Blackstone. Attendance upon { 361 } Court is useful, but the tedium of it is at times extremely discouraging. In the afternoon. Read Say for an hour and then went to the funeral of Dr. Gorham. The number of persons who attended was very large and there was something solemn in the idea. We followed the body to Brattle Street Church and heard a Prayer from Dr. Channing with an Address by Dr. Jackson. The place was crowded. I could not help feeling this voluntary tribute to moral worth. It struck me more in its simplicity and in my precise state of feeling than would have done much more expensive, perhaps more brilliant exhibitions and performances. Dr. Jackson did not succeed in touching the feelings. These were affected purely by the circumstances. They did not need, nor obtain any adventitious aid. I did not follow the body to the grave, it being late, and about to rain, having paid already my mite of respect to his memory. Evening at the Office, reading Pope’s Correspondence.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0003-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-03-31

Tuesday 31st.

Morning rainy and dull. At the Office and in Court. Heard an argument upon the right of the Mayor and Aldermen to take land for the purpose of making improvements. Mr. Otis gave us a voluntary upon the subject. His manner of speaking is agreeable but not very affecting. He has an easy, graceful manner of saying things which pleases, but not those which convince. I felt today exceedingly affected by my walk of the other evening. My system seemed to be entirely relaxed by it and I was a little disposed to be low spirited, though I received a long and pleasing letter from my father. Afternoon reading Say. Mr. Davis called and chatted with me for some time. I was glad to see him. Evening, Correspondence of Mr. Pope with Aaron Hill. He does not shine very much in that business.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-01

Wednesday. April 1st.

Morning at the Office. In Court for a short time but the case did not instruct me, so after a short conversation with George, I returned to read Blackstone. I feel restless, and troubled at knowing Abby is in town and not seeing her, but I do not know how to go and trouble the family. Afternoon, much interested in the Chapters of Say upon the exclusive system, though not convinced. Took a short walk with spirits only moderate. Evening, Pope’s Correspondence with Swift.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-02

Thursday. April 2nd.

Morning at the Office, and in Court. The Judges occupied the morn• { 362 } ing in delivering opinions upon the different cases argued, previous to their adjourning. Few cases of much importance were passed and I thought the opinions less distinct than they were the other day. The rain fell heavily, and the day was dark. In the afternoon, read Say so long that I weakened my powers of attention. I am disposed to think that the mind will not bear being forced too long, for I always find my best acquisitions are those which are made in short and severe application. Evening, did not go out, but read part of Mr. Blunt’s Annual Register.1
1. Joseph Blunt published the American Annual Register from 1827 to 1835 (Appletons’ Cyclo. Amer. Biog., 1:297).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-03

Friday. 3rd.

Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my mother, in good spirits. But I regret to hear by it that my father talks of purchasing Meridian Hill.1 To be sure, this is no affair of mine, but I was in hopes that nothing would occur to fix him permanently at Washington. The arrangement is not yet complete so that I have still hopes. Read part of Blackstone (over) for the fifth or sixth time. Afternoon, Say. Called to see Abby at Mrs. Gorham’s. Found her well, but felt anxious for her. I do wish most excessively that she was at home. This business is longer and more fatiguing than she ought to be subjected to. Felt dull and out of spirits. Evening, Pope’s Correspondence with Swift and Bolingbroke. Interesting on many accounts as exhibiting human nature though not exactly as they intended. Mr. Tarbell returned from Groton, having buried his father.
1. JQA had leased the home of Commodore Porter on Meridian Hill, just north of Washington (Bryan, Hist. of the National Capital, 2:216).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-04

Saturday 4th.

Morning at the Office. Read Blackstone and felt better than I did yesterday. At twelve I went to meet Abby at Mrs. Frothingham’s and passed an hour with her very happily. She does not seem very well but I was delighted to see her at any rate and she promised to go home on Monday. It was announced to me at home to day that Miss Tufts1 had the Scarlet Fever and that if I remained I might run the hazard of catching it, which was unwelcome news. In the afternoon wrote to my Mother and did little else. Evening, attended the last meeting of the Debating Society and it was an amusing though not a very dignified one. I feel on the whole satisfied with the success I have had here. It { 363 } is well for a Commencement, and this evening, I was flattered by the decided attention that was paid to me.
1. Susan Tufts, a daughter of Cotton Tufts, of Weymouth (JQA, Diary, 18 July 1829). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-05

Sunday 5th.

Morning pleasant. As Abby was decided to remain in town today, I thought I could not do better than go with George to Quincy. After keeping me waiting one hour, we started and reached there in time for dinner. Found the family quiet and apparently not yet started to move at all. They were evidently in distress about it. Which is foolish, and provokes me. I believe I am not selfish but I do feel as if I do not want to be imposed upon. After dinner, I attended divine service in the New Church and heard Mr. Whitney mumble through as usual. He is a tame man. Returned home after tea and took up my quarters at the Marlborough Hotel.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-06

Monday 6th.

My room was not remarkably good but I rested pretty well and went to the Office early. Found there a very agreeable letter from my father with a remittance to the usual amount.1 He seems to be in high spirits and writes with great animation. This put me in good spirits all day. I cannot say that I did much however excepting to look over the eighth Oration of Cicero against Antony which my father asked me to read. In the afternoon I wrote an answer to him which was long and upon many subjects. Evening, to see Miss Harriet Welsh where I remained until ten.
1. JQA sent a check for $250 (JQA to CFA, 30 Mar. 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-07

Tuesday 7th.

Morning at the Office. But not occupied as I ought to be. Went into the Common Pleas for an hour to hear the Docket called over but found nothing new. Tried to read Blackstone with attention but could not succeed. I wanted to go to Medford, being uncomfortable at the Marlborough. Mr. Brooks asked me to go with him and I went. Passed the afternoon and evening talking with Abby. My marriage seems now to be in serious agitation, and at the same time some solemn reflection occurs to me. I am anxious to do right. Perhaps I am doing wrong. Circumstances will soon decide. I felt a little depressed this evening as latterly I am again becoming frightened.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-08

Wednesday 8th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. The morning was very fine and the ride pleasant. Found at the Office, a letter for me from my Mother the general tenor of which seemed to be delay. I regret this somewhat though I do not know whether my feeling is not selfish. That the leaving a place which has for so long been their home should affect them is natural enough. Remained at the Office, though my time was not passed as usefully as it should have been. Afternoon, read the lives of Christopher Wren and Edward Coke in the Numbers of the Library of Useful Knowledge.1 Evening, a walk and Pope’s Correspondence. Life at a Hotel is a dreary business. There is so much liveliness in a crowd, that I would prefer the constraint of a private family to the only advantage it possesses, independence.
1. See entry for 2 May 1828, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-09

Thursday. 9th.

The day commenced with clouds and a cold easterly wind which soon brought up a violent storm of rain. As this was the day set apart according to custom in these parts for a Fast, I decided upon going to Medford. Found the family increased for the day by the addition of Mrs. Everett and Miss Phillips.1 I cannot say that I made any particular attention to the direction of our worthy Governor.2 Nothing particular occurred out of the usual line.
1. Presumably Lydia Phillips, the youngest daughter of John Phillips and Lydia (Gorham) Phillips, who was a first cousin of Mrs. Everett and of Abigail B. Brooks (Bond, Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, 2:886).
2. Governor Levi Lincoln had called for a day of public fasting, humiliation, and prayer.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-10

Friday. 10th.

Morning cloudy and cold. Returned to town in time to avoid the rain which set in for the whole of the rest of the day. At the Office. Spirits not good as I am again becoming hypochondriac. Read Blackstone in the morning, Say in the afternoon and Pope’s Correspondence in the evening. My lodgings at the Marlborough though comfortable enough are not to my taste. I am exceedingly in want of society, for my thoughts instead of being diverted to outward objects, turn upon self where there is much which is not agreeable to think of.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-11

Saturday. 11th.

Morning at the Office. Read Blackstone and passed the morning { 365 } very quietly. In the afternoon, wrote a letter to my Mother with very little in it. The Truth is my wit is very barren and I am looking forward to a cessation of the Correspondence. My feelings are somewhat altered about writing, it being more of an exertion than it used to be. Evening, the Correspondence of Mr. Pope. We have had nothing but rain these three days.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-12

Sunday 12th.

Morning clear and pleasant. I took advantage of it to cut my connexion with the Marlborough Hotel and go to Medford. Arrived there early and in consequence attended divine service, morning and afternoon. Heard Mr. Stetson deliver two Sermons upon the subject of truth and the method of developing it which were good. The day was quietly but not very pleasantly spent, more from no particular pleasure in it than from any thing disagreeable. Chardon Brooks came out with Mr. Blodget who took tea here. Weather showery.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-13

Monday. 13th.

Day rather cold for this month but I had a pleasant ride into town from Medford. The roads are becoming better. Morning at the Office. Richardson called and paid me a visit of some length.
George received a letter from Washington asking him to go on and accompany them home.1 He is in such a state of mind, I think it is as well that he should do that as any thing. I cannot help pitying the miserable weakness of his character while I regret it. He has of late rather avoided my society as I neither participate in his griefs which are the result of culpable indolence, nor can sanction the results which it brings him to. This invitation I presume to be the result of a statement in one of my own letters to my Mother some days ago.2 He is undecided as usual.
Read Blackstone. Returned to my boarding house with much gratification. Found the family still out of order but my room was to me a consideration of much pleasure. Afternoon, Say, not interesting nor deep. Evening, Commenced reading over the Spectator with which I was pleased.
1. LCA wrote: “I . . . write . . . my Dear George to beg . . . that you will . . . come on here to escort your father and myself on our way home. You know that we are neither of us famous travellers and your assistance for me will be absolutely necessary” (LCA to GWA, 8 April 1829, Adams Papers).
2. For some time CFA had been telling his mother of GWA’s indolence and aimlessness. On 4 April he suggested that his parents’ early return to Quincy { 366 } would “be of great service to George .... He wants bracing and enlivening. His entire seclusion from society . . . and his want of occupation produce a listlessness peculiarly oppressive. He complains of dejection, low spirits, and inability to occupy himself, and this acts upon reflections of a melancholy kind in regard to Father and himself” (CFA to LCA, 4 April 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-14

Tuesday 14th.

This morning is the first which reminds us of the advance of Spring. I went to the Office early and passed part of my time in the Common Pleas, part at George’s Office talking with him and my Uncle, and part in study of Law. Afternoon, Say and a visit from George, who appears to revive under the new prospect of a journey to Washington. Evening, reading Johnson’s Life of Pope. The day passed pleasantly on the whole, and my spirits were tolerable.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-15

Wednesday. 15th.

Another beautiful day. Morning at the Office. I propose to divide my time now as the mornings have become so long and attempt to read three Branches of the Law at once but these are connected so as to produce no confusion. Afternoon, Say’s Political Economy which strikes me not so favourably as it did formerly, probably on account of the difference of age and judgment. In the evening, the Spectator. I was troubled a little today with head ache for the first time for many months.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-16

Thursday 16th.

Morning at the Office. My head still troubled me a little and continued to do so throughout the day. Read Blackstone and Law as usual. I find this a perplexing business. Afternoon, finished Say and read Cicero’s Eighth Oration against Antony principally on account of my father’s recommendation. The object which he had in view was to explain his manner of writing, but my suggestions are not weakened by their effect. Evening, The Spectator. The day was passed on the whole very studiously.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-17

Friday 17th.

Morning at the Office, reading Blackstone. The weather begins to give signs of relenting. At twelve, I went with George to Quincy to see about my trees, and was engaged during the whole afternoon in transplanting some of the trees which I put down last year. They succeeded uncommonly well during the last year, but the accidents and { 367 } neglect to which they were subjected checked them somewhat. My Uncle this day vacated the house, an event I have long looked for but which when it came surprised me. The mansion looks melancholy and old and ill used and gave me many ideas which I would have preferred not to have had, but so it must be. Returned to town early.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-18

Saturday. 18th.

Morning at the Office. Day clear but cool with an East wind. Wrote a letter to my Mother which I propose to be the last which I shall send. Their silence and perfect indifference to arrangements at Washington puzzles me extremely. Went to see Abby but felt exceedingly low spirited, as my doubts about myself again arise. I am coming to the point so that my mind ought to be braced up to it. Afternoon. Commenced reading Clarendon1 and was much struck with the style of the Preface. Rode to Medford with Abby this evening. But I felt very singularly all the evening.
1. CFA’s set of The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, by Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, 8 vols., Oxford, 1826, is in the Stone Library, along with two other copies owned by JQA. JA’s copy is in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 126).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-19

Sunday. 19th.

Morning cloudy and dark. I remained at the House reading the North American Review. Nothing remarkable. Mrs. Everett and Miss Phillips came from Winter Hill to dine and Henry Brooks got home to day. Gorham, his brother, took leave. He marries Ellen Shepherd tomorrow and departs for Europe. I am not sorry that he goes. His manner to me has always been cold even to incivility, and though I feel too independent of him to trouble myself about it, yet whenever I have met him, it has created an awkwardness on my part which was not comfortable. How terrible it is to dance attendance upon the whims of other people. If my own spirits and confidence in myself were only firm, I could resist it more proudly. But on this point my spirits are rather low, particularly at this time.
Afternoon. Took a walk to the Lock and Aqueduct over Symmes River or Creek. It was pleasant enough and I saw the piece of Stone work which is certainly large and solid. It does credit to the perseverance of the Company. Passed the remainder of the day with Abby but somehow or other it was not one of our congenial days. She was not affectionate and so this in the result made me cold and dispirited. I wanted affection much and I found it not.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-20

Monday. 20th.

Returned to town this morning, the weather being like Spring but damp. Found at the Office little or nothing but a short letter from my Mother intimating that Johnson Hellen had at last come out with his intention much to the discomfort of all the family.1 I gathered this also from an Advertisement of John’s in the Newspaper. It is a sad blow, but we must not expect all things to go exactly as we would have them in this world, and in our family particularly. When I look at them and our prospects, it makes me very dull. The consciousness which now rests with me that I am the only hope of the number, makes me feel more deeply the obstacles which may block up my path. Dull all day. Spent the evening at Dr. Welsh’s in conversation with Miss Harriet.
1. LCA’s letter is missing. Johnson Hellen had announced his intention of marrying Jane Winnull, LCA’s servant. On 20 April the Washington Daily National Intelligencer carried this marriage notice: “On Saturday evening last [18 April], by the Rev. Mr. Matthews, Johnson Hellen, Esq. to Miss Jane E. Winnull, both of this City.” See note on entry for 24 April 1827, above; entry for 25 April, below; and Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-21

Tuesday 21st.

Morning at the Office. Received another letter from my Mother somewhat longer but as I think rather more depressed. She seems much affected by this affair. Read law and had conversation with George who entertained very erroneous impressions upon that subject which might one day lead him I fear to a similar miserable resolution if thrown in the way of it.1 Afternoon, Clarendon. Another of our family at Avon Place taken down with the Scarlet Fever and carried out of town. I felt as if I was to be the next, and my spirits were dull. Evening, the Spectator.
1. CFA’s concern for his brother was all too justified. See entry for 13 May, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-22

Wednesday. 22nd.

Morning at the Office. Felt dull and unwell, but finished a Volume of Blackstone and spent an hour in the Common Pleas, besides seeing Richardson and chatting with him. Afternoon, engaged reading Clarendon, whose history is very interesting and instructive. The evenings have become inconveniently short so that I had barely time to read half a dozen Numbers of the Spectator.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-23

Thursday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office and in Court. Received a pleasant letter from my father upon general subjects which I reflected upon much during { 369 } the morning. His style to me is flattering to my vanity and he no doubt so intends it. Read a little law and rode to Medford to dine. The weather was very warm. Mrs. Brooks was unwell again. Conversation with Abby. Better pleased with her than last time, though she is still cold.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-24

Friday. 24th.

Returned to town this morning. Conversation with George. At the Office reading Blackstone which did not give me much information. The weather dark and gloomy. Afternoon, finished the first Volume of Clarendon’s History, comparing it with Hume. The foundation of Hume seems to be good but he frequently throws false lights upon the building. It rained so that I omitted my usual reading in the evening. Miss Susan Tufts very ill.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-25

Saturday 25th.

Morning at the Office, engaged in writing an answer to my father and in doing it I could not help writing also a short Note to my Mother.1 On opening my Intelligencer I was struck with the notice under the marriage head. Johnson Hellen to Jane E. Winnull. The die is cast, and my mother has only an additional trial. I regret it most on her account, for though Johnson was once a friend of mine, I have seen too long the victorious progress of his evil qualities not to have been warned of the result. May a similar misfortune never come nearer home in the family. I have no design to forebode. Amused myself for the hour which remained after copying and sending my letter, in reading the Life of Dryden together with his tragedy of All for Love.2 It is not so good as I expected, the beautiful passages hardly redeeming the general character of the piece, and yet it is called his best. Evening, engaged in reading some numbers of the Spectator. This was Abby’s Birth day and she is twenty one.
1. Missing.
2. CFA’s copy of the Poetical Works of John Dryden, 4 vols., London, 1811, is in the Stone Library, as is JQA’s set of the Dramatick Works, 6 vols., London, 1735.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-26

Sunday 26th.

Morning clear but cold. Rode to Medford to dine. Found Mr. Walker, the Minister of Charlestown, Mrs. Everett and Miss Phillips, besides the usual family. Mrs. Brooks still too unwell to come down. Mrs. E. is not by any means improved by her last visit to Washington. The evening was passed delightfully.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-27

Monday. 27th.

Returned to town with Abby in company. Weather cold but not unpleasant. At the Office. Found George had received a letter and was about to start for Washington.1 I think this a good plan. Morning read Blackstone. After dinner, some of Sir Joshua Reynolds with an Account of his Life.2 George came in and had some Conversation with me. He seemed very much disarranged. As usual delay has done him no service. He might as well have gone at first. Evening, reading, the Spectator.
1. JQA wrote: “I wish you to come on [to Washington] immediately upon receiving this letter; to return with us” (JQA to GWA, 20 April 1829, Adams Papers).
2. CFA’s copy of the Complete Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 3 vols., London, 1824, is in the Stone Library, along with another edition, London, 1798, owned by JQA.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-28

Tuesday 28th.

Morning at the Office. Weather cold and chilly. Reading Blackstone, in the Court of Common Pleas and engaged in making a Writ. My professional business continues still. Conversation with George who goes positively tomorrow. I rode to Quincy after dinner in a sharp piercing East Wind. Gave some directions about the Garden and went up to see my Uncle. The family are very comfortably and prettily settled in their new residence and on the whole I think it more comfortable than the old one.1 Much conversation but there is something sticking at bottom which made them dull, which I could not at all understand. How great a similarity all sense of wrong creates in conduct in all men. George and my Uncle are both quivering under the fear of the merited reproaches which my father can though he will not give them. Returned rather later than I had expected so that it was nine o’clock when I reached my Office. Read the Spectator until ten.
1. TBA and his family had moved to “the old Ruggles farm and house,” which still stands though greatly altered at Elm and South streets in Quincy and which was occupied by TBA’s two unmarried children until the present century (HA2’s Notes in Adams Papers Editorial Files).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-29

Wednesday 29th.

Morning at the Office. George went positively this morning and left his affairs with me. I commenced making some arrangements to repair that Office in order to go into it.1 Did not pass the time very usefully. In Court a short time. Afternoon. Continued Clarendon and in the evening the Spectator. The East Winds have set in as usual and are exceedingly disagreeable.
{ 371 }
1. CFA planned to abandon his office at 10 Court Street and to move into a little room adjoining GWA’s office at 23 Court Street, which, however, had to be painted and repaired (CFA to JQA, 6 April 1829). CFA hoped the new arrangement would save money.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0004-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-04-30

Thursday 30th.

Morning at the Office. Read law as usual. Nothing remarkable occurred and I was again somewhat dissatisfied with my way of passing it. My mind has become a little distracted and not quite so able to study as it was in the autumn. At one o’clock I went to Medford. The weather very cold and chilly. Found the family as usual. Nothing to notice. Mrs. Brooks much better and downstairs. Evening pleasantly passed.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-01

Friday. May 1st.

The morning was not by any means such as to merit the character which poets give of the month. Returned to town with Abby who came in to look at a house which is offered to her. This looks really like marriage. I intended going to see it myself but was too late. Read a little law but did not feel perfectly well. After dinner, read Clarendon. Mr. Fletcher had some conversation with me in which he asked me to contribute to the American Jurist, a law publication here, a compliment which flattered me though I felt that I did not deserve it. Evening read the Spectator. My spirits have become very good again.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-02

Saturday May 2nd.

I sit down to record the Journal of this day with an aching heart and a depressed mind. The gloom which surrounds me in all my reflections, it is impossible to shake off. Went to the Office as usual and into Court. Upon my return from which as there was nothing of interest going on, I found Mr. Brooks who was here to tell me of an accident which had happened, the News of which had just arrived by the public papers. I was totally unprepared for such a shock, and it seemed to turn the current of my blood. I felt no other emotion excepting the chill under the skin which seems to be like it’s stagnation. My poor brother George had either accidentally or in a fit of derangement, signs of which he had previously manifested, gone over from the Deck of the Franklin on her way to New York. I could not realize it at all. I went to see Harriet Welsh and Mr. Brooks for advice. It was recommended to me to remain here, and the first talked to me in a manner which I shall long remember. This feeling is the lot of us all, but when a blow like { 372 } this comes unexpectedly, it strikes with double vehemence. I wrote a few lines to my father,1 and I bent my soul in humble and fervent prayer that God would soften the stroke upon my poor afflicted parents. They have many trials but this surpasseth them all. I remained in my room all the afternoon, attempting to divert my attention by looking over my Mother’s papers, but a sense of dullness weighed heavily upon me.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-03

Sunday 3rd.

I have heard nothing of this excepting through the public papers but the account is so circumstantial I dare not disbelieve it.1 My thoughts rest upon the horrible circumstances, and the singular indifference with which he was observed in his extravagance. Poor fellow, he complained to Dr. Welsh before he went, but I never suspected alienation of mind or he should never have gone. I went to his room and examined his papers. They display nothing but pain, mental agitation about his future prospects which he had much indulged in, but no despair. I destroyed some things which I thought his imprudence had left, and in looking over his own memorials of his mind, I could not help feeling a mixture of emotions which only hereafter shall I be able to describe.
1. The Boston Daily Advertiser reported on 4 May the “melancholy event” of GWA’s death. Arriving in Providence on Wednesday, 29 April, he had boarded the Benjamin Franklin for New York. He was rational and cheerful during the afternoon, but by evening he began to complain of severe headache. As the evening progressed he “exhibited some decided symptoms of mental alienation,” hearing imaginary voices and suspecting his fellow passengers of conspiring against him. About three o’clock in the morning of 30 April he asked the captain to stop the ship and let him ashore. Shortly thereafter he disappeared, and his hat was found near the stern. “The supposition is that he fell overboard and was drowned.”

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-04

Monday 4th.

My morning was principally occupied in looking over the papers which my brother left at his Office. Knowing his continual preservation of all papers, I feared that some might remain which would grieve the family. I found three or four which I destroyed. George had an extremely amiable disposition, but he was the creature of impulse and frequently gave way to the seductions which an ill regulated imagination excited. My father almost lived in him and the loss will to him indeed be dreadful. My anxiety to hear from there is great. My own reflections are gloomy and I pray God for assistance and aid. But as I find that my thoughts turn more and more upon it, I see the necessity { 373 } of occupation and therefore read Clarendon but without much profit as my mind wandered from it. In the evening, I went to see Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and their conversation helped to pass away the evening. Abby wrote me a very kind note1 on Saturday in which she promised to be in town if I asked to see her. My letter2 did not reach her for this morning and the rain prevented her coming.
1. Missing.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-05

Tuesday. 5th.

Morning at the Office. The men came this morning to make the repairs to my room. I presume since this accident that the other1 will devolve upon me, but as the repairs have been commenced, I believe, I shall pursue them. I went down to see Abby who was in town but did not feel very much inclined to converse, and I was sorry to perceive that she was more troubled than I wished. It always grieves me to see her vary from her high tone of spirits and when I am the cause of it in any manner, it pains me the more. I was busy during the rest of the morning. Attempted to read Clarendon in the Afternoon, but without much success. Received a letter from my father on miscellaneous subjects. The tone will be quickly altered when this dreadful information arrives. Evening, a walk, and a few Numbers of the Spectator.
1. GWA’s office. See entry for 29 April, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-06

Wednesday. 6th.

I have felt utterly unable to apply myself to any study of Law this week and on that account, it is perhaps lucky that I have had some occupation for my thoughts in the alterations I have ordered in the Office I am about to occupy, and the arrangements which it is necessary for me to make thereupon. My books were all moved upon shelves again after having been lying about for a long time. I do not now look forward so anxiously to the future. Afternoon, tried some of Clarendon. The weather was very warm and pleasant. But I felt rather languid, and in very middling spirits. No letters this evening which keeps me still in suspense. My anxiety to receive some information from home is very great, though at the same time I dread it. Evening, some Numbers of the Spectator.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-07

Thursday 7th.

Morning at the Office. Nothing very remarkable occurred. I was engaged much of the time in making my arrangements for my other { 374 } room. I also went down to see Abby who was in town and wanted me to go out. But I did not feel as if I could while I was liable to receive letters in my absence. My spirits were better but still a great pressure constantly exists. Afternoon reading Clarendon. The weather very pleasant. I did receive two letters this evening. One from my father and one from John.1 They are a little encouraging as to the effect upon my Mother. She bears it better as yet than I had hoped. But the first shock is not all. John’s letter is kind and reminds me of the additional obligations which fall upon us, a circumstance of which I have already thought not a little. My will is good, and I trust to Heaven for it’s watchful guidance and protection, to allow me to perform all which it is my duty to do. And I now feel a strong desire to live which I never had before, and which also adds more terror to my despairing moments. But these shall not in future be so numerous.
1. “We are in great distress,” JQA reported; “but I write to inform you that the first shock of this heavy dispensation of Providence is past, and that your mother and myself, relying on him who chastiseth in Mercy, still look for consolation in the affectionate kindness of our remaining Sons” (JQA to CFA, 3 May 1829, Adams Papers). The letter from JA2 is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-08

Friday 8th.

Morning at the Office. I attempted to read a little Law but could not succeed very well. The Painter came to do his part to my new room, which in this way goes on progressing. Finding I could not do much with Chitty on Contracts, I sat down and wrote a letter to my brother John.1 Perhaps the Contents were not very prudent, but I did it with the best intentions. I do most earnestly hope they will soon come, at least some portion of the family, but I confess I see but little prospect of it. I went to Medford today with Mr. Brooks to divert the time. Found them alone and Mrs. B. a little dull about herself. There is another prospect which I do not much like to examine.2 But I never saw her when I felt so strongly for her. Evening with Abby.
1. Missing.
2. Mrs. Brooks’ illness was to lead to her death in 1830.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-09

Saturday 9th.

Morning, returned to town with Mr. Brooks who was very kind and pleasant. On my return, I received a letter from my Aunt Smith1 in a strain dismal enough, but still giving me some assurances of the condition of my Mother. I feel incredibly easier since I have heard this. My father suffers as I thought he would, the tree has felt the lightning, the branches only have materially suffered, I hope. The trunk { 375 } however feels the blow. Dr. Welsh called to see me with a message from Harriet. They are in misfortune as Thomas and John are ruined.2 This news came yesterday and astonished me much. I am very sorry for them both. Morning passed in reading Law though my mind is still unable to fix itself. Afternoon, I went to see Harriet, and to obtain some of my brother’s papers which I wish to arrange a little. She asked me to draw a Deed which I did to convey the Furniture of the House to her. But it was not executed though she gave me the trouble of going all the way up there in the evening about it. I remained in my brother’s room looking over his things and talking of them all evening, and did not return home until after ten.
1. Missing.
2. Thomas Welsh Jr., Harvard 1798, a lawyer, and John Adams Welsh, a merchant, had suffered a severe financial reverse. See entry for 6 July, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-10

Sunday 10th.

Morning cloudy with showers of rain. I rode to Medford. The country looking beautiful. The grass has just attained that vivid green which it possesses upon first growing and which the novelty and the short time it remains make peculiarly refreshing to the eye. Mr. and Mrs. Brooks were exceedingly kind to me and I felt almost as if I was at home. I am grieved to see how she looks. Mrs. Everett came in the afternoon and drank tea. On the whole, this was a very pleasant day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-11

Monday. 11th.

Returned to town in a cold wind and not very pleasant day. Found letters from my father and John.1 The latter at New York, expected to see me but I was not there. My engagements have been such that I am glad I did not go on. It would have been very inconvenient to me, and have involved a return to Washington which I do not desire. I am more usefully employed here in looking over and arranging my brother’s papers, which occupied me all day. My father’s letter was more staid and sedate but still in great distress. I succeeded in arranging George’s Accounts a little more clearly and hope now to see my way out. In the evening, a few Numbers of the Spectator. Rain again.
1. JQA expressed thanks for CFA’s “truly filial offer of service” and promised to avail himself of it “hereafter, in such manner as may most comport with your own inclinations and intentions” (JQA to CFA, 6 May 1829, Adams Papers). The letter from JA2 is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-12

Tuesday. 12th.

Morning at the Office. Weather cool and clear. Received a letter { 376 } from my Mother in low spirits but on the whole calculated to relieve me. I was again engaged in reviewing my poor brother’s papers which fatigued me exceedingly and I have determined to do no more until my father directs. Indeed I see little or nothing more to be done. The disorder is such as cannot be unravelled and all that can be done is to begin anew. I wrote an answer to my Mother in the Afternoon and stopped the subscription to the Essex Register for George. Read a little of Clarendon and of the Spectator in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-13

Wednesday 13th.

Morning at the Office, and at the House where poor George was, looking over his papers to find the Certificates and policies which he mentions as being in his possession, but I was unable to find them. In examining one Trunk which I had not opened before, I came across a paper which I recollect his saying to me that he addressed to me. It was in the shape of a request in case he died during the year 1828 that his debts should be paid and the balance given to a little girl whom he had seduced and who was then pregnant by him, to the best of his belief.1 I was anxious to get possession of this paper, as it might pain my father, and as the provision upon which it depended failed, he having survived the year, it could have been of no avail. His debts to my father are so large that the balance will amount to little, and that would be too much to put into the hands of a weak young girl to say the least of it. Indeed his wish was it should be secured from her and forfeited in case of ill conduct. I shall do what I can in pursuit of the spirit of the request, though I confess the whole to be a foolish effusion of a thoughtless moment. I destroyed the paper, it being in itself of no value, and apparently laid aside among a parcel of old papers, not thought of again. But I will attempt to find her out, and preserve her, if possible, from destruction.
I went out of town with Mr. Brooks and passed the afternoon and evening with Abby. A house in Hancock Avenue is purchased for her and now she is to prepare to take possession. I am not so eager for the marriage now, my poor brother’s fate still pressing upon me.
1. The girl was Eliza Dolph, who had been a chambermaid at Dr. Welsh’s (Farmer-Storer Trial, p. 8). Her affairs were to occupy much of CFA’s time in the following weeks. See entries for 28 May and 16 July, below. For CFA’s earlier forebodings that his brother might have entered such an unfortunate liaison, see entries for 21 and 25 April, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-14

Thursday 14th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. The morning was lovely and { 377 } the ride pleasant. At the Office, found Mr. Watson, who came up to pay a part of his debt, and agreed that an alias should be taken out for the balance. Occupied myself with law and found that I was better able to understand it. In the afternoon, I called at Hilliards to look at the amount of his bill against George and found it nearly eighty dollars since January. I regret his extravagance exceedingly because it goes to show the state of his mind. My reproach of January last was literally true although I regretted it. His debt will impose upon my father a disagreeable business. Read Clarendon, and the Spectator in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-15

Friday 15th.

Morning at the Office. Provoked to think that I had no letters. I am now so anxious to hear what they propose to do, that it worries me for I want to vacate my present abode, and do not like the idea of changing it for a Hotel. I read some of Chitty on Contracts and bought a Paper for my new Office which is going to be very pretty. I am afraid in this I was more extravagant than I ought to have been. Afternoon, engaged in reading Clarendon, which was very interesting. There is a very manly style about this which we do not find at the present day. Evening, in consequence of what I heard at tea of a letter from Abby Adams1 saying that my Mother was sick, I became alarmed and went to see Harriet Welsh who happened to have the letter with her. It was of a date three days earlier than mine from herself and said nothing about my Mother’s sickness, so that I felt relieved at it’s being a false alarm. Conversation. The letter was in the high flown style of that family and to me disgusting.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-16

Saturday. 16th.

Morning at the Office, weather cloudy and chilly. No letters from home. I wrote a short one to my Father strongly urging him to come on.1 I think it is very necessary and essential. Read a little of the Jurist, a law publication which has lately come out and which I mentioned some days ago. Went to Medford with Mr. Brooks. It rained heavily all afternoon. I unwarily became engaged in a conversation with Abby and suffered my temper to go farther than usual which pained me exceedingly. But repentance is a very poor business unless it lead to amendment. Evening passed very pleasantly.
1. Since GWA, who had acted as JQA’s agent in Boston, had left his papers and financial affairs in great disorder, CFA wrote his father: “I would submit the { 378 } expediency of your coming as soon as you feel able so to do, in order to take into your own hands again the direction of your affairs” (CFA to JQA, 16 May 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-17

Sunday 17th.

Beautiful spring Morning. I went to Meeting this morning and heard Mr. Stetson preach a long and rather a dull Sermon. On the whole it did me no good and in the Afternoon I felt oppressed with head ache and staid at home. Mrs. Everett and Miss Phillips dined here, and P. Chardon Brooks came out with a certain Col. De Kay formerly of New York now in the service of Buenos Ayres. He seemed to me to be a foolish, conceited puppy of the Porter1 kind, full of bravado and vulgarity. Evening with Abby. I had a terrible nervous head ach which made me a very unpleasant companion.
1. A watchdog (OED).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-18

Monday. 18th.

Another beautiful morning. Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. I felt exceedingly depressed. Sometimes, this sensation comes over me and I can scarcely feel equal to any exertion whatever. The sense of the responsibility of my present situation comes heavily over me, and the idea of the condition of the family, should any thing happen to me, is too distressing. Formerly I had only the apprehension on my own account, now how much it is increased. I derive consolation and support only from my religious feelings, and the sense of performing my duty so far as in me lies. Read Law this morning and transacted a little business. My father’s Affairs need attention. In the afternoon, read Clarendon and much interested in his Account of the Civil War, and the character of Falkland. It is beautifully drawn. Took a walk and felt soothed by the softness of the air and the beauty of the verdure with which the Common is covered. This is a sweet spot. In the evening, a few numbers of the Spectator. One on Prayer.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-19

Tuesday. 19th.

Morning at the Office. Still no letters which keeps down my spirits exceedingly. Occupied myself in writing and reading Law. The weather was fine but exceedingly warm.
I thought I would go up and see the House which is destined for me.1 I examined it all over and was on the whole very much pleased with it. But I cannot realize the belief that I am really to live there. My feelings have always been that I should never marry and even now { 379 } when I see the preparations most actively going on I cannot overcome my presentiment. This might have been avoided, had I been married at once last Autumn, but now circumstances contribute to increase this old feeling powerfully. I do trust in Heaven.
I was so dull to day that I was glad to see Richardson who called to pay me a visit, and we decided upon dining together at the Exchange Coffee House which is open again. Our dinner was good and time agreeable, after which we decided upon riding to the Railway House. The weather was pleasant, but I got home on the whole, fatigued and disgusted even with pleasure.
1. P. C. Brooks purchased for his daughter the house at 3 Hancock Avenue, where the Adamses lived during the early years of their married life (Boston Directory, 1830–1831).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-20

Wednesday. 20th.

Morning at the Office. The weather which threatened great heat cooled off by one of the sudden changes of wind to the East so common in this climate and we had a damp and chilly afternoon. Still no letters. My family seem to have deserted me. Mr. Hollis called to see me in regard to the Common Street Houses which need immediate attention, but I was totally unable to give any directions.1 How unfit my brother was for active life appears to me more striking every day. My spirits still depressed but on the whole much improved. Read Clarendon in the afternoon and in the evening, after a short walk which the chill in the air prevented me from enjoying. I read a few Numbers of the Spectator at the Office, which I must confess I relish for the first time.
1. Daniel Hollis, a housewright, lived in a house owned by JQA in Common (or Tremont) Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-21

Thursday. 21st.

Morning at the Office. The weather which had been cold and chilly cleared up at noon. I attended to the papering [of] my room which is the last repair I put to it. I now have only to furnish it. My time was in some measure wasted in attendance upon two Auctions where I was desirous of obtaining some things but did not succeed. I rode out to Medford with Mr. Brooks. Found Abby as usual. Mrs. Brooks quite sick. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham were out in the afternoon, and were very pleasant. On the whole, the day passed rapidly. In the evening, Conversation with Abby. Future Arrangements.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-22

Friday 22nd.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks and Abby. The weather was delightful and the softness of the air spread an agreeable influence over my feelings, which they needed very much. At the Office I was exceedingly disappointed at not finding any letters from home and began to think they had given me up. The morning was passed in a lazy way. Richardson called and sat an hour but I was exceeding dull. Afternoon reading Clarendon which interested me very much, particularly in the account of the civil war when it turned against the king. Took a walk. My system feels the effect of Spring here very much. But I had a better appetite this evening than for a week past. Went to see Miss Harriet Welsh who gave me some News regarding the arrangements of the family and that John and his wife were to come on.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-23

Saturday. 23rd.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in writing as usual and preparing my room for establishing myself. It looks very handsome but has cost me more than I had intended that it should. The weather was very warm indeed. I went to Medford with Mr. Brooks. Found P. Chardon Brooks and his wife there. I have not seen her before for a long time. She looks ill. The family are very much alarmed at the condition of Mrs. Brooks the elder, and justly so. Her health is now very alarmingly affected as I have too much feared it would be. Abby’s spirits are correspondingly affected, much to my regret. I hope much still. For the idea of the loss of her is too painful. She has always had to me the kindness of a Mother. I have never experienced any other feeling. Abby had a head ach and [was] unwell.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-24

Sunday. 24th.

The day was beautiful. One of those lovely ones which we have when the new approach of Summer throws every thing like vegetation out in the most brilliant colours. When the whole Country shows forth with vivid and brilliant green, and the air is soft and delightful to second the effect. I went to Meeting in the morning and heard a certain Mr. Gannet whom I did not like at all.1 Mrs. Everett and Miss Phillips at dinner. Mrs. Brooks very unwell. Abby also unwell until evening when she became better and was with me.
1. Presumably Thomas B. Gannett, a Congregational minister in Cambridge (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 113).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-25

Monday. 25th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks. The weather exceedingly warm and as I was embarrassed with my weight of clothing, I felt very uncomfortable. Morning at the Office. Received a letter from my mother which was short and contained little or no information, upon the subject which I am anxious to hear about.1 The fact seems to be that they are as yet in statu quo. Tried to read a little Law, but was so busy moving and my mind so little capable of attention that I soon gave it up. This must not be. But I am anxiously waiting to hear from home as to what I must do, which will materially influence any occupation I might adopt. Patience. Dined solitary and alone. Read Clarendon in the afternoon although my Office was rather oppressive. I suspect it is rather warm in the summer season. Read the account of the battle of Naseby and the conduct of Charles. Very interesting. Evening, a few Numbers of the Spectator.
1. “I would write you of our plans,” LCA told her son, “but all is uncertainty and still there is no time fixed for our departure” (LCA to CFA, 19 May 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-26

Tuesday. 26th.

Morning at the Office. Rainy day but warm. Engaged in writing up my old Index which I intend to supersede all my old Diaries in which there is too much silly matter. Also read a little Law but without any relish. Afternoon reading Clarendon. Account of the confinement of the King. Charles had the misfortune to be a weak king with high notions. He had not character to check his friends, much less his enemies. One reads the History pitying his situation and despising his advisers excepting a few who were not always most prized, such as Clarendon himself, Hopton, Capel, Ormond. Again no letters from home. My father really ought to answer me. I felt very much disappointed. Passed the evening at Dr. Welsh’s. Conversation with Miss Harriet. I was rather more cautious.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-27

Wednesday. 27th.

Morning at the Office. Engaged very busily all day in arranging my new Office, which is now ready for removal. I am pleased with it as it promises to be something permanent. It is probable that it will serve me for an Office during my life and this reflection is agreeable after having been tossed about as I have been from place to place. My brother’s papers are as yet an incumbrance, but I hope presently to make a disposal of these. The weather was very warm and it was Elec• { 382 } tion day, which is commonly a season of great bustle and noise, but with me today no inconvenience was perceived. In the afternoon, I continued reading Clarendon, though not now so interesting. The detail of the miserable intrigues of the Court faction is disgusting. Again no letters. I felt disappointed tonight because I begin to think that it is not at all probable, that my father proposes coming at present. Procrastination is the character of our family. In the evening, after paying a visit to Susan Tufts who is now sufficiently recovered to be about to return to Weymouth, I walked an hour on the Common.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-28

Thursday. 28th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied as usual in writing and engaged in making my changes. Mr. Farmer called upon me and had some Conversation upon my brother’s affairs. I was a little shocked by what he told me.1 George’s fate was melancholy but on the whole, I have been forced to the unpleasant conclusion that it was not untimely. He would have lived probably to give much misery to his friends and more to himself, and he died when his fate was not so evident as not to admit of a doubt, and a favourable construction so that his memory will be cherished by his friends, and his end lamented.
I commenced reading Starkie on Evidence. Went out to Medford in the Carriage with Mr., Mrs. and Abby Brooks. Afternoon and evening pleasant with her.
1. Miles Farmer looked after the Boston real estate, located on Hanover and Mechanic streets, owned by Martin Thayer, of Amherst; as partial payment for his services, he, along with his wife and four children, was allowed to live rent free in one of these houses. In January 1829, allegedly at GWA’s request, Dr. David Humphreys Storer persuaded Farmer to take Eliza Dolph (see entry for 13 May, and note, above) and her illegitimate child, now six or seven weeks old, into his family, as a measure “to restore the mother to her friends and society again.” According to Farmer’s subsequent account, GWA’s continued attentions to Eliza aroused the suspicion of other tenants and imperiled Farmer’s job. To persuade him to keep Eliza and their child, GWA offered to tell the whole story to Thayer or to give Farmer $100 in order to secure “the agency of the Union Soap Stone Factory,” on Front Street. Then GWA’s suicide deprived Farmer of both his character reference and his financial backer. Having lost his job with Thayer, he was now laying the groundwork for an attempt at blackmail (Farmer-Storer Trial, passim). See entry for 16 July, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-29

Friday 29th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks in a shower of rain, the wind was very chilly and I was in a very light dress, so that I was extremely apprehensive, I had caught cold. Morning at my new Office. After having removed all the remainder of my things from my other Office. { 383 } I sat down and read Starkie with a great feeling of comfort. I take more pleasure even than I expected in the change. Afternoon Clarendon. Account of the death of the King, together with Hume’s Apology for his Character. Still no letters. The day was cloudy with rain, so that in the evening, I remained at home, conversing with Mr. Fuller who was a visiter and a certain Mr. Williams.1
1. James Williams Jr. See entries for 24 and 30 July, below, and CFA to JA2, 30 July 1829, LbC, Adams Papers.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-30

Saturday. 30th.

Morning at the Office, engaged in writing and also reading a little of Starkie on the law of Evidence. The weather cold and unpleasant. In the afternoon, reading Clarendon in which I am not so much interested in this portion, but on the whole it is a noble history. There is a high strain of eloquence, and of just feeling moving through it that makes one regret that he was not able to direct more fully the distracted councils of the king. In the evening I remained at home through idleness.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0005-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-05-31

Sunday 31st.

Morning cloudy but not unpleasant. I rode to Medford and found the family much as usual excepting that it was large. Chardon, Mrs. Everett, Miss Phillips, John Gorham,1 and in the afternoon, Sidney and his wife, who have just arrived from New York. The afternoon turned off cold. I am never so fond of Medford when so many of the family are there, as I am thereby compelled to see less of Abby. But I had a very pleasant evening and on the whole felt well satisfied.
1. John Gorham was a brother of Abigail Brooks’ friend Julia Gorham (CFA, Diary, 24 Oct. 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-01

Monday June 1st.

Morning cloudy and very cold. I rode into town from Medford early and found the want of some clothing considerable. My Summer dress annoyed me almost as much as the winter dress the other day. At the Office, engaged all the morning. Abby Adams sent in a letter to me which she had received from my Mother.1 This letter stated that they should leave Washington on this day, and requested her to make some necessary preparations. I accordingly thought proper to ride to Quincy after dinner and see her about it. I also went to the House to see what portion of furniture might be immediately put in use. The { 384 } sight of the old house and its condition made me sick. I felt disgust at it’s extremely dismal appearance. And my father’s singular character makes it almost hopeless to look for better things. The Nursery looks miserably and every thing bears powerful marks of utter want of attention. After taking tea at my Uncle’s, and on the whole getting through much better than I expected, I returned to town quite late. I can imagine nothing more miserably planned than this design of my father’s, and I really feel thankful that circumstances have rendered me so independent of it.
1. Both letters missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-02

Tuesday 2nd.

Morning at the Office. Weather cold and chilly. After writing a portion of my Index, a labour in itself rather useless but which I intend shall supersede the body of my old Journals and Diaries which contain follies, I was then proud of, but which now would make me ashamed. I wish to keep a softened memory of them as I think there is nothing disgraceful in it. For I was in the fever of youth and health, and never committed any action which made me feel as if I was degrading myself. It was the mere impulse of life and high spirits which are gone now and will probably never return. I am sobered down.
I went to my brother George’s room and looked over his papers again to see if I could find a list of things at Quincy, which I did. This occupied the morning. In the afternoon I read Clarendon which again became interesting, in the account of Charles the 2nd’s escape from the Battle of Worcester. No letters from home. Evening, a pleasant walk.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-03

Wednesday 3rd.

Morning at the Office, occupied much as usual, in writing and reading the law of Evidence. Little or nothing occurred to interrupt my regular avocations. In the afternoon, engaged with Clarendon in exile. The day passed satisfactorily on the whole, and I was again encouraged by having a little case to undertake. The melancholy of last month and the bustle of moving put my law for a time out of my head, and even now Clients seem to me not likely to come. Evening, walk in the rain. No letters, which makes me more distrust the information of the other day.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-04

Thursday. 4th.

Morning at the Office. Weather again warm and pleasant. I was { 385 } tempted foolishly to day to go down to an Auction and the consequence was that I purchased more than in the state of my funds I should have done. Thus the greater part of the morning was spent. On my return to my Office I found Mr. Brooks had called for me, and I went to Medford with him. But I did not enjoy myself quite as much as usual, on many accounts. Mrs. Brooks was absent, on a little journey. Henry arrived at home.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-05

Friday 5th.

Returned to town this morning with Mr. Brooks. Found a letter at last, from my Mother, but containing little or no information of a satisfactory nature. She says my father has had a sharp bilious attack and the Journey is postponed, making some intimation of a change of plans and destination which is perfectly incomprehensible to me. I regret very much this state of things and wish earnestly I had nothing to do with it but I cannot avoid feeling some interest in their plans though perfectly ignorant of them. Time will show. Morning in some measure wasted, which will never do. I must set about reform. Afternoon, Clarendon, and Hume, together with a half hour of the Memoirs of Grammont which is considered so amusing.1 Evening, a visit to Miss Welsh by request in which she was very officious. This is in a great degree her difficulty.
1. CFA’s copy of Mémoires de la vie du comte de Grammont, Rotterdam, 1716, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-06

Saturday. 6th.

Morning at the Office. Engaged in writing as usual. I did not reform this morning, but passed it nearly all in reading the Memoirs of Grammont, very witty but very licentious. J. Eckley1 called upon me this morning and gave me notice that he had left the room above mine in this building and he paid me to the date for the rent. He seemed to think that George had thought of his fate some time and told me an anecdote of his [Eckley’s] insisting upon a receipt at the last Quarter which he had not done usually. It turned out luckily this time. But I do not think his idea has any foundation. That he [GWA] was in circumstances, where death or great trouble of mind were alternatives is however certain. This is a question which now can be explained by no human power, but my own impressions are derived from a careful perusal of his papers wherein nothing of the kind seems apparent. On the contrary, many references to the future. He was in the habit of committing the feeling of the moment so { 386 } much to paper, that I cannot help thinking this notion would now and then casually escape him.
I went to Medford with Mr. Brooks, to keep Abby Company as I thought she was alone, but I found Mrs. Brooks and the family had returned from their short excursion, not in the best condition. But I enjoyed myself very much.
1. Joseph Eckley, of 23 Court Street (Boston Directory, 1828).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-07

Sunday. 7th.

The day which commenced with clouds and a little rain cleared off remarkably fine. I attended Divine Service all day and heard Dr. Richmond1 preach two Sermons of a very quiet, peaceable kind. He also dined with us. He is a clever man. Little of any remarkable kind happened. I was on the whole very happy. Although now my feelings are not altogether free from care, yet it is not sufficient to deprive me of any enjoyment, and my situation sometimes makes me feel melancholy from the idea that it is only a little too happy. That I am hardly deserving of so much and such long continued favour. My life has been hitherto for the most part an unclouded one. My troubles have been caused by myself and in reviewing the past, I cannot help being a little surprised to notice how many false notions, occasioned most generally by excessive prosperity, have led me astray, and have caused a penance often more severe in appearance than the original offence, but the lessons have not been useless as I hope. For they have been much reflected upon.
1. Abel Richmond, the Congregational minister at Halifax, in Plymouth county (Mass. Register, 1827, p. 112).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-08

Monday 8th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks, weather showery but quite mild. Arrived at the Office, and found a letter from my father giving me some more definite information in regard to the future.1 I am therefore now inclined to think there is some probability that they may come on Saturday. My morning was wasted. I spent much time in writing my Index, this part of which I am anxious to conclude. Thos. O. Brackett called upon me on the subject of a Note due by my brother to him,2 to inquire if any arrangement had been made to meet it. I told him, I was in expectation that my father would soon be here when I would see about it. Also Josiah Quincy who came to make some inquiries, regarding some busts which have { 387 } arrived for my father, which I am unable to give any directions about. He informed me of the engagement of my cousin Elizabeth C. Adams to Mr. John M. Gourgas of Quincy,3 which at first I doubted, but hearing it afterwards confirmed, I was very glad of it. The match is respectable. After dinner, I finished the History of Clarendon, which has given me much pleasure. I like the style and the sentiment generally, though subject to exception. Evening, rain, at home.
1. JQA announced that he and LCA were leaving Washington on 8 June and expected to arrive in Quincy on 13 June. “On returning to Quincy,” he added, “I propose giving as much attention to my own Affairs, as I can; and they will require a great deal” (JQA to CFA, 3 June 1829, Adams Papers).
2. Thomas O. Brackett was a messenger at the Traders’ Bank (Boston Directory, 1833). See entry for 23 July, below.
3. John M. Gourgas Jr. was a lawyer and a justice of the peace in Quincy (JQA, Diary, 18 June 1829; Mass. Register, 1832, p. 83). However, Elizabeth Coombs Adams never married.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-09

Tuesday 9th.

Morning at the Office but did not remain there for I passed a part of it in the Supreme Court and the remainder at Auction. I purchased some books very low but few for which I cared any thing. The sale was stopped on account of the sacrifice made upon the books. After dinner, I went to see the paintings in the Gallery of the Athenaeum. They did not strike me very much excepting Trumbull’s Sortie at Gibraltar, and a few of the Landscapes. From thence, not having seen Mr. Jones about the Paintings as my father directed,1 which was my principal object, I went to Dr. Welsh’s to take a measure of the bed for a bedstead and to look out the keys of the Quincy Trunks. Having done this, I then went to take a cold bath at the Western Avenue. The water was cold and it was not altogether pleasant. Evening at home. My mind perplexed.
1. JQA asked CFA to see William Harris Jones, an artist who lived at 141 Washington Street, about cleaning some paintings (JQA to CFA, 3 June 1829, Adams Papers; Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-10

Wednesday. 10th.

Morning at the Office and in the Supreme Court. I employed myself as much as I could in writing and was surprised to find Mr. Brooks with an Invitation to me to go out to Medford. This disappointed all my plans for the day but thinking that the arrangement would be best on the whole I consented. The weather was very cold, owing to one of our very Easterly winds. Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham dined there. Mrs. Brooks looks quite sick. Evening as usual. Pleasant enough.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-11

Thursday 11th.

Returned to town early with Mr. Brooks. Found no later information from my father which leads me to conclude that he has actually started. The morning was occupied in going about making the few purchases which I consider as necessary for my Mother and in which I much feared I exceeded what I ought. The looseness of the present arrangement is one of the amusing things of the present time. My father seems to have an idea that every thing is to come right by magic. My mind has been much troubled about these things. The weather cold for the Season. Evening, a pleasant walk on the Common. One of my father’s tenants called about his house. I could give him no assistance.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-12

Friday. 12th.

Morning at the Office and in Court. I listened to rather a dull argument this day. Richardson came in and chatted for half an hour. I then returned to the Office to read Starkie. In the afternoon I read Clarendon’s State of Ireland.1 It seems to be in the nature of a defence of the particular conduct of the Duke of Ormond, and is without interest. Received a letter from John,2 intimating that all their arrangements are changed and that my Mother will remain at Washington and that only he and my father will come. This is a most unexpected and I must add bitter disappointment. I could not digest it directly, and the more my mind reflected upon it the worse I felt. Mr. J. H. Foster called upon me to let me know that my poor brother had been found on City Island off New York. He came to advise me to go on which I declined doing. Evening, a solitary walk on the Common. My mind much taken up and not pleasantly.
1. The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in Ireland, Dublin, 1719–1720, by Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon.
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-13

Saturday 13th.

Morning at the Office. Attended Court for a little while but found nothing of any consequence. I therefore returned to my Office and read a portion of Starkie on the Law of Evidence which book has given me some ideas. In the afternoon read the Life of Mahomet just published by the Society for the diffusion of knowledge in England.1 I was not pleased with it. These pamphlets are all made abominably dry. My mind during the whole day was much agitated by the idea of the family at home. A more pitiable set I do not { 389 } think I know than my father and mother, and John’s machinations I can neither admire nor approve of. Poor George once said to me that his only objection to John was that he was so artful and he said true. But this cannot be helped. Where his own interest does not interfere, he is kind and generous. Evening, a solitary walk. Brilliant night.
1. See entry for 2 May 1828, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-14

Sunday 14th.

Not having received any letters from home last night leading me to suppose that my presence would be needed at Quincy today, I decided upon going to Medford and in consequence rode out early. Found the family much as usual. Mrs. Brooks looks very poorly. Mrs. Frothingham and her family and Mrs. Everett were at dinner. Little or nothing occurred of any incident. It was not one of my pleasant days, for my spirits were low and Abby was not in her pleasantest mood though I found nothing to complain of. I sometimes require much soothing, and sometimes receive it in most delightful ways, but this was not one of the days.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-15

Monday. 15th.

Returned to town early this morning and not in very good humour, for Abby was not pleasant as usual though I hardly knew what was to be objected to her. Found a letter from my Mother1 hardly in better humour and positively stating that she should not come on. This was rather trying to me, but this is a season of suffering. I went into Court this morning and heard an argument upon the subject of the Warren Bridge.2 It was interesting because it was short. Afternoon, rather desultory reading, being some Numbers of the Society for the diffusion of knowledge, and a Volume of Scott’s Lives of the Novelists, Richardson and Fielding.3 Evening, received a Newspaper from Baltimore announcing my father’s actual passage through Baltimore on Thursday last. A pleasant though lonely walk.
1. Missing.
2. See entry for 5 Aug. 1828, and note, above.
3. Sir Walter Scott, Lives of the Novelists, 2 vols., Paris, 1825.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-16

Tuesday. 16th.

Morning fine. I arose early and enjoyed the pleasure of the air, in going to take a bath on the Charles river. This early rising in summer is pleasant but it requires an effort to become sensible of it. { 390 } I returned to breakfast feeling fresh and cool. At the Office, attended Court and heard the commencement of an argument in the case of the heirs of Hubbard against Mr. Brooks. This case involves a very large amount and charges fraudulent concealments on the part of Mr. Brooks which I regretted exceedingly being present to hear. The nature of the case was entirely unexpected to me and I repented being present as my feelings could not bear it. I shall not go again [even] if the eloquence was ever so tempting. The case strikes me as a very hard and a very unjust suit to obtain money of a rich man upon an obsolete claim.1 In the afternoon, I amused myself with reading Scott’s Lives of Smollet and Cumberland. They are light, airy and superficial like every thing else of his. My father is now in New York. Evening, a walk. A most magnificent night and the panorama of the Common singularly striking.
Poor George has been buried at East Chester with all possible marks of respect.2 I feel now more disposed to look with melancholy upon his fate. Although I cannot come to the conclusion that he would have lived to give us much gratification, yet the peculiarities of his character, the pleasant kindness of his nature, and the light yet ornamental cultivation of his mind have often afforded me moments of great pleasure. He might have been a distinguished man had God granted him firmness of character. He was a lively and pleasant companion, and a kind heart.
1. The case was that of Henry Farnam, administrator for the estate of Tuthill Hubbart, v. Peter C. Brooks (9 Pickering 212). Hubbart and P. C. Brooks were partners in insurance underwriting from 1794 to 1803. When Hubbart died in 1808, Brooks made a settlement with his heirs. Now, after many years, the administrators of the Hubbart estate claimed that the settlement had been fraudulent and brought suit to recover from one to two hundred thousand dollars from Brooks. On 29 March 1830 the court held that Brooks’ original settlement should not be set aside but confirmed, allowing the Hubbart heirs, however, to recover about four thousand dollars due to them because of a mistake in the accounts. See JQA, Diary, 26 June 1829.
2. JQA, on his way from Washington to Quincy, arrived in New York at the time GWA’s body was found. He attended a funeral service for his son at East Chester and then arranged for George’s body to be sent to Quincy in the late autumn. See Bemis, JQA, 2:182–183.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-17

Wednesday. 17th.

Morning fine. I arose early and took a Bath though the water was low and not very pleasant. Then at the Office. Passed some time in writing my Index and then went to Dr. Welsh’s for some books I wanted to read. Conversation with Harriet Welsh. She is a little too officious. I then went and made a call upon Julia Gorham whom I { 391 } have not seen since the death of her father. She looks poorly and seems out of spirits. The remainder of the morning passed in studying law. Starkie on Evidence. In the afternoon, I commenced Bishop Burnet’s History of his own Times,1 as a continuation of Clarendon. Read also some biographies by Scott, of Sterne, Goldsmith, Johnson and Mackenzie. This with a few numbers of the Spectator passed the time. Received a short letter from John2 at New York stating their case, and that they would arrive tomorrow. He is surprised I did not write which is absurd, for I could do nothing without instructions. After tea, I took a walk. Evening cloudy, and I felt unusually fatigued.
1. CFA’s copy of Bishop Gilbert Burnet’s History of His Own Times, 6 vols., Oxford, 1823, is in the Stone Library, along with two other editions of this work. JA’s set, published in London, 1753, 4 vols., is in the Boston Public Library (Catalogue of JA’s Library, p. 39).
2. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-18

Thursday. 18th.

Morning at the Office. Occupied in reading and writing, first my Journal, then Starkie and some Massachusetts Cases on Evidence. The weather quite warm. In the afternoon, as I felt pretty confident that my father had arrived, I concluded upon riding to Quincy at once. Upon reaching it, I found my father and John at the old Mansion where they were about to establish themselves. The house looked poorly but the presence of it’s owner made it seem more cheerful. My father looks pretty well, but he has a manner which I never before saw in him of quiet sadness, in itself really affecting. John seems pretty well and in tolerable spirits. I had much conversation with them upon various subjects. George’s affairs more especially which must directly be attended to. The arrangements are that I shall go to Quincy and that we shall live there keeping Bachelor’s Hall. Louisa Smith to take care of the House. Evening, return to town, bright moonlight and pleasant ride.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-19

Friday 19th.

Morning at the Office. Wrote my Journal and copied a portion of my Index but was much occupied all day. Richardson called in and spent an hour with me. Mr. H. H. Tuckerman called to offer to my father ten shares in the Boylston Market.1 Hollis, the housewright called and I instituted a commencement for a settlement in regard to the Common Street Houses. My father proposes to look into these affairs pretty thoroughly. Mr. Hovey, the Deputy Sheriff of Norfolk,2 { 392 } called about an execution against Jacob George, no settlement. I then went to Dr. Welsh’s and got some Keys for Quincy. This took up nearly all the morning. I then made some purchases, and after dinner again rode to Quincy. Found my father not very well. The afternoon and evening were passed in desultory conversation. My father opened the subject of George and Dr. Storer’s letter.3 I conversed freely with him and relieved his mind much. Then into town which I reached shortly after ten.
1. Henry H. Tuckerman, a merchant, lived at 44 Chesnut Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830). The Boylston Market, at the corner of Boylston and Washington streets, had been designed in 1810 by Charles Bulfinch (Whitehill, Boston: A Topographical History, p. 69).
2. John Hovey, of Roxbury (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 245).
3. The letter from Dr. David Humphreys Storer, who lived at 298 Washington Street, is missing. Apparently he presented a bill for his medical services to Eliza Dolph. See entries of 13 and 28 May, above, and 16 July, below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-20

Saturday 20th.

Morning at the Office a short time, and engaged for the remainder in making purchases at the different places in town. This occupied me much. My purchases were very generally rather of ordinary Articles, but fit for upper rooms in the old house. They match well with that ancient place. I obtained the Chests which my father had deposited some time since in the Bank.1 But I was some time delayed. After much labour and exertion I finished all my duties and felt glad to be relieved from the labour. After passing an hour of the afternoon in arranging my brother’s papers a little, I rode to Medford to see Abby whom I had not seen before for a week. We passed the afternoon and evening much as usual. When one is pleased there is little to say about it. Made a short call at Mrs. Frothingham’s new house.2
1. The five chests contained books (JQA, Diary, 20 June 1829).
2. At 43 Summer Street (Boston Directory, 1831–1832).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-21

Sunday. 21st.

Fine morning after a smart thunder shower. Attended divine service in the morning and heard a certain Mr. Robinson preach a very dull Sermon upon natural religion.1 He gave me however one new idea, though I doubt exceedingly it’s being original with him. The house seemed exceedingly dull, as Mr. Brooks had gone to town on his law case which was still pending and troublesome,2 and Mrs. B. was unwell upstairs. She dined below however and seemed better. In the afternoon, Abby went with me to Mrs. Everett’s to take tea. Found her and Lydia Phillips alive and well. The former amused me with { 393 } a letter of Mr. Everett’s, which she had just received. She seemed in exceedingly high spirits upon the occasion. After taking tea, we returned and found several people had been up to inquire about Mr. Brooks, his absence being wonderful at Church.
1. Charles Robinson, the Congregational minister at Groton (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 114).
2. See entry for 16 June, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-22

Monday. 22nd.

Morning, returned to town with Abby, leaving her at Mrs. Dehon’s. I went to the Office. Morning occupied in attending to George’s and my father’s affairs. I went to the Probate Court and applied for Administration upon George’s affairs, which was granted, and a bond made by which I as principal and my father and John as sureties, are bound in the sum of eight thousand dollars to make all the necessary arrangements for the due settlement of his affairs. John came to the Office and sat with me for some time. I conversed a little with him upon my mother’s detention though I saw so clearly that we were at odds upon that point, I did not like to risk much conversation. Ordered some wine for my father at Dennie’s.1 This took the morning. Afternoon passed in making out my Accounts with my father. Then rode to Quincy. Found Judge Hall and Mr. John Welles here and my father out, which I regretted. They remained but a short time. In the evening, conversation with my father upon business. He proposes to constitute me his agent in Boston. This is a trust I undertake in order to benefit myself. It may be the means of giving me some business in my profession.
1. Thomas Dennie & Son, wine merchants, at 105 State Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-23

Tuesday. 23rd.

Rode to town and went to the Office. Engaged the larger part of the morning in arranging my brother’s and putting my father’s Accounts in some order. Copied the papers relating to administration upon my brother’s estate and made some purchases for the family at Quincy. Afternoon passed in packing up my Clothes at Mrs. Tarbell’s, which I leave today. This took pretty nearly all my available time. I then rode to Quincy with a new horse which pleased me very much. Had much conversation with my father in relation to his prospects in regard to his property. He was very communicative upon the subject of his intentions.1 I hardly know what opinion to form in { 394 } regard to them, but as I feel it to be my duty to make some representation in regard to it, and to follow up a decided course to assist him, I wish as clearly as possible to comprehend his designs.
1. JQA s record of the conversation disclosed more of his intentions. He made CFA his Boston agent because of his desire “that one of my sons at least should settle in this place of my nativity.” “My first object,” he added, “is to place my property in such a state that I may live with my family without encroaching upon my capital. The next is to build a house here in which my Library, my own manuscript books and papers and those of my father may be deposited” (JQA, Diary, 23 June 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-24

Wednesday 24th.

Morning, rode to town. Engaged busily all the morning in business belonging to my father’s estate or my brother’s affairs, so that I can hardly be said to have had any for my own. The larger part of the time was occupied in going to the various tenants and making inquiries in regard to the state of the rents. I find them all sadly backward. George, poor fellow, was not fit for the situation, he understood little of business and was not pleased with that. Money was to him, an article which was useful in life without his ever knowing how he might obtain it. His qualities which made him so agreeable a companion, were the ones which incapacitated him for the purposes of active life. In the afternoon, I went to No. 47 Chesnut Street to look at some Furniture which was to be sold tomorrow, some of which is wanted at Quincy. John came to town for the like purpose and I met him at my Office just as it was time for me to go to Medford. Rode to Medford and found Abby as usual. Afternoon and evening agreeable though I was exceedingly fatigued. Mrs. Brooks looks badly.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-25

Thursday. 25th.

Morning, return to town. Attended the Sale of the Furniture of [Messrs.?] Clark and Dunn and purchased some things which were bargains, others not so much so, the usual luck at Auctions.1 This and the arrangements necessary to remove them took me all the morning and a portion of the afternoon. The rest was occupied in making up agency accounts, and my administration papers. The trial of the case of Farnum vs Brooks concluded today and peace and order will be again restored to the good city of Boston.2 Returned to Quincy and passed the evening in conversation with my father, principally the Controversy3 upon which he still feels sore.
1. Coolidge & Haskell, auctioneers, announced an assignee’s sale of “Genteel Furniture” at 47 Chesnut Street, the home of John Clark, a dry goods mer• { 395 } chant (Boston Daily Advertiser, 25 June 1829; Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
2. See entry for 16 June, and note, above.
3. JQA’s disagreement with the “thirteen confederates.” See entries for 7 and 25 Feb., above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-26

Friday 26th.

Rode to town this morning as usual. Occupied all the morning at the Office in examination of my brother’s affairs. I can hardly define what I did, but this is certain, that I was very busy all day. My mind is however as yet so distracted with the multiplicity of my occupations that I am not so much in advance as I wished. Many persons called upon me for payments of money which I made and on the whole advanced pretty rapidly. I rode out of town and spent the evening in conversation with my father. Mr. Brooks’ law case.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-27

Saturday 27th.

John and I rode into town this morning and I was busy during the day as usual. I arranged and brought up more fully my brother’s books, and then went and made inquiries at the different places in regard to the steps now proper to take. Then attended a sale of stocks for my father and got Mr. Cruft to purchase eighteen shares of the New England Marine Insurance at three per cent advance, to replace an investment of United States 6 per Cent stock which is to be paid off on the first of July. This done, consumed the morning, I dined at the Exchange with John and afterwards, he and I rode to Winter Hill to see Mrs. Everett and Abby, and to take tea. They both seemed well and in good spirits. Returned at seven and after waiting for John to go marketing and getting the Mail at my Office, we rode to Quincy. Reached there by nine, took Supper and had some conversation with my father upon my prospects.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-28

Sunday. 28th.

Morning at Quincy as Abby remained at Winter Hill to preserve Mrs. Everett from loneliness. Attended divine service in the Church and heard Dr. Lowell preach a Sermon upon providence, rather against his text.1 Caught in the rain on my return. Wrote a long letter to my Mother upon miscellaneous family subjects2 and in the evening conversed with my father. Subject, economy in human affairs.
1. Charles Lowell, Harvard 1800, was Congregational minister of the West Church on Lynde Street, Boston (Mass. Register, 1828, p. 111).
2. CFA begged his mother to disregard the advice of JA2 and to return to Quincy in time for his marriage. “Should you be absent from my wedding,” he { 396 } pleaded, “it would lose half it’s pleasure.” The death of GWA, he felt, left him no choice but to remain permanently in Massachusetts, as the only son who could carry on the family tradition. “I will never desert the State which has sustained us,” he pledged. “I am now wedded to the soil. Nothing shall take me from it” (CFA to LCA, 28 June 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-29

Monday 29th.

Morning to town. The weather showery and unpleasant. Engaged all the morning in duties incident to my new situation as manager of my father’s affairs. I went to the Bank and to see Mr. Brown and arranged as to the purchase of forty three shares of stock of the New England Marine Insurance Company by the sale of so much six per Cent Stock of the United States. Then obtained a power of attorney to effect the transfer. This being over, I went to West Boston Bridge to make some inquiries in regard to that stock without success. Stopped at Dr. Welsh’s for some articles for my father. The afternoon was busily engaged in drawing up papers relating to my administration account and also the agency. This detained me until seven when I returned to Quincy. Evening, Conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0006-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-06-30

Tuesday 30th.

Morning to town, weather rainy and disagreeable. Engaged in writing for my father’s affairs with a short Note to Abby.1 Obtained a blonde lace Veil to present to her upon the occasion of her marriage. This is a little extravagant but I could not avoid it. Then to Hancock Street to take a list of my poor brother’s Clothes. Conversation with Harriet Welsh. She is a little too inquisitive. Dined at the Exchange where I met Genl. Wool. He is too precise by half. Afternoon. Engaged in making out a Catalogue of my brothers Law books. Returned to Quincy in the rain. Conversation with my father. His plans.
1. Missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-01

Wednesday. July 1st.

Morning to town with John, weather extremely rainy and unpleasant. I was occupied almost all day in obtaining some money for my father, which was paid off by the United States, and then investing it in forty three shares of the New England Marine Insurance Company the certificate of which I obtained, and thus by putting my father’s money at once upon interest, preventing his parting with it in a less advantageous manner. Dined with John at the Exchange and after dinner, went up to look at the house destined for me, which I was obliged to do twice as I could not the first time find the Carpenter { 397 } who is to measure my shelves. He at last came and I finished that business. Returned to Quincy the weather clearing off cold. Found there a man who came upon a visit to my father. Curiosity. He was a common Countryman apparently disordered in his intellect, for he gave us some amusing specimens of moderate madness.1 Evening, conversation with my father.
1. The man’s name was Layton (JQA, Diary, 1 July 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-02

Thursday. 2nd.

Morning to town weather cool but clear. Received a Note from Abby with a long dissertation upon my present which she wants to refuse, a thing I cannot possibly hear of. I answered it forthwith.1 Then to Dr. Welsh’s to obtain some of my Grandfather’s papers which George had. Stopped at Concert Hall to overlook the packing of some things which are purchased for the House at Quincy. My time was thus almost entirely taken up during the morning, and the afternoon was spent in finishing the list of my brother’s Law Books which was done. I then rode to Quincy. Found there Mr. Degrand, who passed the evening.
1. Both Abigail’s note and CFA’s reply are missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-03

Friday 3rd.

Morning to town. Occupied as usual. Met Allyne Otis and had some conversation with him, though I felt rather distant. He has grown affected and silly. Received a note from Abby1 asking me to come tomorrow to which I was obliged to say no, as I do not wish to be in the midst of the bustle tomorrow. Mr. D. L. Child called upon me to make some inquiries relative to my late brother’s military accoutrements which he wishes to take. As I hope to get rid of them favourably in this manner, I consented to his trying them though they have not been appraized. I then went to Front Street to see a Mr. Carey, a maker of Tablets,2 but I had my walk for nothing, as I could not find him. In the afternoon, at Dr. Welsh’s, examining my brother’s papers, and taking some to Quincy. I left town this evening, earlier than usual. Evening conversation with my father.
1. Missing.
2. Alpheus Cary and Davis Dickinson were stonecutters, with a shop on Front Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-04

Saturday 4th.

This is the Anniversary of our Independence and therefore a public { 398 } day. I am not fond of noise and bustle, therefore prefer a quiet residence at home. I had this morning much conversation with my father upon the prospects of the family. John has decided to desert the State, poor George is now no more, and I am the only one who remains to keep the name and the family on our branch at least from destruction. This result I have never before suspected and it presents to me most perplexing circumstances. My own peculiar situation renders the thing trying, because I feel fully aware how slender is my dependence upon life and hope. I have trusted not without bountiful mercy being bestowed upon me, in an all seeing Divinity who can search and guide the ways of man when his own judgment and power is but a bubble. I will do my best and place my reliance for other help upon a higher power.
After an earnest conversation, we walked up to my Uncle’s, there to make some arrangements if possible in regard to the little shares of property belonging to the two girls who are now of age.1 I am anxious to fix it upon them so as to remain a permanent fund bearing interest all their lives. So that they can have no control over the principal either themselves or by their husbands, when they have them. But I am afraid my good project will not succeed. Women seldom feel the value of certain independence. On our return, we crossed over a part of the Farm, the boundaries of which my father appears to be anxious that I should know. How little did I ever think that this would be my lot. Degrand dined here and talked about money. We drank the fourth of July with great spirit. Afternoon quiet. John went to town and did not come out until late.
1. Under JA’s will, his estate, after certain initial deductions, was to be divided into fourteen parts, to be distributed equally to his two sons, his eleven grandchildren, and his niece, Louisa Catherine Smith, daughter of AA’s brother William. TBA’s share and the shares of his children were to be held in trust by the executors, Josiah Quincy and JQA, until the children came of age (Bemis, JQA, 2:111–112). Since TBA’s two surviving daughters, Elizabeth Coombs Adams and Abigail Smith Adams, were now of age, JQA was providing for the transfer of their property to them.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-05

Sunday 5th.

The rain came down with great force during the night and the morning was misty and disagreeable. I attended service at Quincy and heard Mr. Whitney preach a sermon upon integrity in business, good and practical. The remainder of the day was passed in reading Bishop Burnet’s History of the Reformation which is very interesting, though told in rather an old woman’s way.1 This quiet and literary life pleases me much, and I might grow much attached to Quincy { 399 } as it now is, if I did not feel as if I had other more urgent duties to call me from thence. Evening, much literary conversation with my father—The English Writers, and the French biographical Memoirs of the last Century, My Grandfather’s Library, which is exceedingly valuable. John returned late from town.
1. CFA’s copy of Bishop Gilbert Burnet’s The History of the Reformation of the Church of England, 6 vols., Oxford, 1816, is in the Stone Library.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-06

Monday. 6th.

Morning to town. The weather which for the past week has been cold and disagreeable, today promised better. At the Office, occupied in drawing up the requisite papers for the settlement of my brother’s affairs. I have almost completed the Inventory which now wants only the attention of the appraizers. I also settled some bills, as well my father’s as my own. I am afraid if I do not hit upon some clear method, that these two will fall into a little confusion. Dined at the Exchange Ordinary alone which is unpleasant. Afternoon, at Dr. Welsh’s, finishing the Inventory of the Library. Poor Thomas Welsh has decided to go to prison upon his debt to the State Bank, which I regret. Returned to Quincy. Evening, Conversation with my father, but without much interest.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-07

Tuesday 7th.

Morning at the Office. A pleasant day and easy ride. Passed the larger part of it in making up the papers of my brother’s affairs, and in little transactions of various kinds which require much time though I can give but little account of them. I have little or nothing particular to state just at present as in this way only can my engagements be accounted for. Called at Mrs. Tarbell’s to make final settlement with her. Then went to Mr. Carey’s, a sculptor in stone, for my father and had some conversation with him upon the subject of a tablet which he designs having made for my Grandfather in Quincy Meeting house.1 Returned to Quincy. Evening, my father seemed slightly dull. Conversation, Dr. Watkins’ case, public peculations.2
1. For JQA’s inscriptions on the memorial tablet to JA and AA on the interior wall of the church at Quincy, see Bemis, JQA, 2:125.
2. JQA’s old friend, Tobias Watkins, whom President Jackson had removed from his post as Fourth Auditor in the Treasury Department, was convicted of having embezzled funds remitted by navy agents. JQA thought that politics motivated the prosecution (JQA, Memoirs, 8:116, 141, 151, 290).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-08

Wednesday 8th.

Morning to town. Occupied all the morning in sundry duties as { 400 } usual. I went to see about the bust of my Grandfather which is at a store on India Wharf.1 I found it safe there and had some conversation with Mr. Cruft about it. Nothing yet from Mr. Everett and so I do not see Abby. Afternoon passed in making a separation of my books from George’s which much incumber me. Tomorrow I propose to go over with the appraisement and get through as fast as possible with it. I also ordered my bookcases for my room in our proposed habitation. Returned to Quincy early and passed the evening pleasantly with my father. Conversation, Painting and Sculpture.
1. This was Horatio Greenough’s bust of JA, executed in Italy. It surmounts the memorial tablet to JA and AA in Quincy’s First Church. Tablet and bust are illustrated in Daniel Munro Wilson, The “Chappel of Ease” and Church of Statesmen . . . [Quincy], 1890, facing p. 103.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-09

Thursday 9th.

Morning to town. Engaged all the morning in an appraisement of the Books belonging to my late brother,1 which were got through with so far as they were at the Office before dinner. The afternoon was passed in copying out the Inventory. So that I had fairly but little leisure to attend to any thing else. This employment of my time is hardly satisfactory to me, for I have ends of my own in life to answer. Out of town in the evening. Many visitors, Mr. Beale, Mr. and Mrs. J. Greenleaf, Mr. C. Foster and his sister. Conversation with my father, Mr. Boylston’s affairs.
1. GWA’s library was worth about $2500, but in 1828 JQA had bought it from him for $2000 so that GWA could pay his debts. The books, however, remained in GWA’s hands as his father’s “agent” (Bemis, JQA, 2:178).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-10

Friday 10th.

My brother rode to town with me this morning as he takes leave of us for Washington again. At the office, but owing to the circumstance that the Common Pleas did not meet as I expected, I had a little leisure time. Received a letter from my Mother in rather low spirits,1 which pained me so much. I felt obliged to make an immediate reply.2 I wrote my letter just before dinner. Dr. Lewis3 called and paid me one Quarter’s rent upon the House in Common Street. Dined at the Exchange Coffee House with John. Met there Mr. Fletcher who was very civil to me. I think he has a good opinion of me. I certainly think well of him. After dinner, went to Dr. Welsh’s and met the appraisers, first calling upon Miss Oliver4 and obtaining one quarter’s rent from her, which on the whole made a pretty good day. The afternoon was warm and the appraisal of the books was { 401 } exceedingly tiresome. It took up the whole afternoon until seven o’clock so that I had very little time to take leave of John and go to Quincy. My father and Louisa Smith went down to Mr. Greenleafs to tea but I felt so fatigued, I wished to go to bed immediately. John’s departure materially increases my cares.
1. “My children have alas to reproach me for a too earnest desire to promote their exertions,” LCA grieved, “. . . and my heart tells me that perhaps I urged your unfortunate brother beyond his strength to exertion foreign to his nature. If so may God Almighty forgive the mistaken zeal of an offending mortal” (LCA to CFA, 5 July 1829, Adams Papers).
2. CFA urged his mother to stop her “tormenting and unnecessary pain of unmerited self reproach.” “If I felt disposed to regret what I cannot now amend,” he added, “I might now charge myself as you do with having been the cause of the result. For my letter [see entry for 13 April, and note, above] occasioned yours which invited him. But . . . my wishes proceeded from the very best intentions. ... I have nothing to charge my conscience with” (CFA to LCA, 10 July 1829, Adams Papers).
3. Dr. Winslow Lewis Jr. lived on Tremont (often called Common) Street, at the corner of Boylston Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
4. Presumably a relative of Rev. Daniel Oliver, who lived in one of JQA’s houses on Hancock Street (CFA, Accounts as Manager of John Quincy Adams’ Finances, 1828–1846, p. 7, M/CFA/3, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 297; Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-11

Saturday 11th.

Morning to town. At the Office. Deposited Miss Oliver’s money, and then met the Appraisers again and went through with all the remainder of poor George’s things. This took up much time, the remainder until four o’clock was passed in copying out the appraisement which is long and tedious. I then went to Medford and found Abby after so long an absence. The time was pleasantly passed. Sidney Brooks and his wife out here with Mr. Frothingham making on the whole a large family.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-12

Sunday 12th.

At home all day. Ennuyé un peu. Too many people here. I cannot somehow or other get along pleasantly, and why, it is inconceivable to me unless perhaps that the manners are too noisy for my modest diffidence. I am unable to make that stir which others do. Sidney and his wife, Mr. Everett and his wife, Mr. Frothingham and his wife, and Mr. Briggs, the Minister who preached,1 were the persons who were here during the course of the day but they all left before evening, which I passed as usual with Abby. I am a little surprised to hear of the dissolution of the engagement of Allyne Otis with Miss Lenox. But from what I have heard, it ought not perhaps to astonish me. I was not aware of it, when I met him the other day.
{ 402 } | view
1. Presumably Charles Briggs, the Congregational preacher at Lexington (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 115).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-13

Monday 13th.

Returned to town, accompanied by Mr. Brooks, and the road seemed short but the day was passed busily at my Office in finishing my Inventory, which I succeeded in doing, though at the expence of my dinner. My spirits were somehow or other most unaccountably depressed all day. I could not myself in any degree account for it. Probably however the reaction upon the excitement of last week. My engagements also are exceedingly numerous, and having but little method about them, trouble my mind without my being able to go on more rapidly than I do. I went to Quincy a little earlier in consequence and passed the evening in conversation with my father—poor George’s affairs.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-14

Tuesday. 14th.

Morning to town. Attended Court all the morning. The new Docket was called but I was late for the only case in which I was concerned. This was not a matter of much importance as it happened to be defaulted. But it made me remain in Court nearly all the morning, which need not have been. The remainder of the day was passed in arranging the papers relating to the Agency, drawing up powers to obtain Dividends upon Stock and writing dunning letters to the Tenants. Thus it became time for me to return to Quincy. I have not felt quite so well for two days, owing to an indulgence in fruit: my health is delicate but very good. My doctrine now is that of the Ancient philosopher μηδεν αγαν.1 Evening, a long conversation with my father. Family pride, a strong instance in himself, much exceeding even what I suspected. I feel at times depressed by it, for now the dependance upon me is perfectly prominent. And beyond me, there is little hope, though in my father, that little centers in the person of his Nephew, John Quincy.2
1. Nothing too much.
2. JQA later promised to put his nephew through Exeter to prepare him for Harvard (Bemis, JQA, 2:186).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-15

Wednesday 15th.

Morning to town after copying a number of letters for my father, which detained me until rather late. The weather exceedingly warm. I was compelled to walk to Long Wharf to take some order with respect { 403 } to some Oats for our Horses. The heat and my fatigue rendered me so sleepy and tired that I was not good for any useful purpose during the remainder of the morning. I therefore only read some stupid Anecdotes of Ancient and modern Music. Afternoon, occupied in copying out into my own private book the Account of the Inventory. This occupied me until five when I rode to Watertown to Edward Brooks’, being caught on the road by a violent shower which compelled me to seek shelter on the other side of Cambridge bridge in a shed. Took tea at Watertown where I met Abby as by agreement and Miss Phillips. After tea, rode with Abby to Medford. Evening as usual, but still very warm.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-16

Thursday. 16th.

Morning to town with Abby who went to make visits in no very good humour. It was so warm that I could not much blame her although her father requested it. At the Office, engaged in making up my accounts, and answering sundry letters from Mr. Farmer and Dr. Storer upon my brother’s affairs. There is much to tease and perplex one in this business and the more I progress the more I feel it. Poor fellow, he had wound himself nearly up in his own web.1 Afternoon, engaged in copying out my Inventory further into my own book, and walked up to Hancock Street to decide upon what would be necessary to go to Quincy. This gave me a heat which I did not get over until I was nearly at Quincy. The evening was perfectly lovely, and my father and I sat in the portico until ten, conversation—my Grandfather’s books and papers.
1. To Miles Farmer’s demand for money because he had sheltered Eliza Dolph and GWA’s child (see entries for 13 and 28 May, above), CFA replied on 20 June that he would not be blackmailed. Eliza, he declared, “must work for herself,” but he did “engage that she shall be in no worse situation than she was before this occurrence, so far as demands upon the money she may earn will go” (CFA to Miles Farmer, 20 June 1829, LbC, Adams Papers). As a matter of fact, she shortly went back into domestic service (Farmer-Storer Trial, p. 28).
As to “the unhappy consequence” of GWA’s affair, the infant whose name was never mentioned, CFA promised: “I will make some provision probably similar to what it would be entitled [to] by law” (CFA to Farmer, 20 June 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).
Farmer, CFA went on to say, should feel compensated for his own claims because payment of his considerable debt to GWA would not be pressed (same).
Dissatisfied, Farmer threatened to make “a public statement,” but CFA refused to be bullied. “Whatever I might be disposed to do as Charity . . . ,” he wrote curtly, “I certainly will be forced to do nothing. You are welcome to all the benefit a disclosure will give you.” But in the event of a public scandal, he added pointedly, payment of Farmer’s note to GWA would be demanded (CFA to Farmer, 16 July 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).
Unable to budge CFA, Farmer next tried to extract money from Dr. David { 404 } Humphreys Storer, and the ensuing controversy was tried in Massachusetts courts during 1830 and 1831. Finally, in March 1831, the case was referred to a private hearing before three referees, who awarded Farmer $200 damages. Dissatisfied, Farmer then published his version of the affair in a 44-page pamphlet which attacked both Dr. Storer and the Adams family. See Farmer-Storer Trial (copy in MHi).
CFA, it is clear, thought Dr. Storer almost as great a scoundrel as Farmer. Declaring that the physician was behaving in a way calculated to give “infinite pain,” he refused to have further dealings with him (CFA to Farmer, 20 June 1829, LbC, Adams Papers). Storer’s bill against GWA’s estate he rejected because it did not record the number of times the doctor had attended Eliza (CFA to D. Humphreys Storer, 16 July 1829, LbC, Adams Papers). On 14 October 1829 Storer was paid $37 for his services (CFA, Accounts as Manager of John Quincy Adams’ Finances, 1828–1846, M/CFA/3, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 297).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-17

Friday 17th.

Morning to town. Engaged so much by my father that I got in quite late. I then went to West Boston Bridge to make some inquiries about my father’s Stock there and took the opportunity to refresh myself with a salt water bath which was exceedingly grateful. On my return, I sat down to Accounts. My father’s affairs are not perfectly clear and the deficiency of George is now ascertained to be about one thousand dollars. Rather a heavy loss just at this time. After dinner, I passed the whole afternoon copying out the Inventory and summing up the amount. To Quincy. Found Mr. Brooks and Abby had been out. Visits, Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Greenleaf, Mrs. Ripley and others. The former cannot get over the old penchant. Manifested as it is, I cannot help feeling myself not a little provoked. But as things are now, we are better prepared to go on than we have been. My father takes deep root and if it was not for the misfortune of my Mother’s condition and feelings, I should never again fear any interference from there. Evening cold and compelled to sit in the House. Conversation, politics, present and future.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-18

Saturday 18th.

Delayed very considerably by my father in order to copy certain letters which he wished me to dispatch. I then rode to town and passed the morning in looking over the accounts and Inventory of my brother’s effects to a final settlement. Mr. Joshua Coffin, a Client of mine1 called upon me to inform me that he could not pay me today, which is the universal cry. Boston is and has been in great distress, the pressure has been very great all round and it is difficult to collect debts for others or for one’s self.
At two, my father called and I drove his carriage to Medford to { 405 } dine there. The Brooks family and Mr. Stetson composed the Company. The dinner was therefore large—Chardon, his wife and Mrs. Everett being the only absentees. It was also pleasant, more so than any I have had for my recollection of [others?] was so little agreeable that I felt glad that during the last year I had been excepted. They were to me immense bores and ever since last winter when we silently came to an understanding about that, I have enjoyed myself infinitely more. But after dinner, I was suddenly seized with a violent pain apparently in the Kidney so far as I could judge from the effect it produced upon my urine. I felt alarmed for I have had some slight apprehensions of the gravel already. It made me sober for the remainder of the day. I felt in no humour to entertain a large panel of Company who came in the evening and so after only bowing to Miss Davis of New York and recognizing Mrs. Keating of Philadelphia, I left them to make the best of themselves, and even after they left, Abby complained heavily of my coldness.
1. Joshua Coffin lived in Williams Court (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-19

Sunday 19th.

At home all day. Heavy rain fell in the morning. I did not attend divine service, principally because I was not asked and a little on account of natural indolence. I seized the opportunity of the day however to read the North American Review in the last Number, some of the Articles of which are good, especially one upon Elocution, which gratified me extremely.1 The tone and spirit of this article are better than those which we find in general in this publication which has been tamed down to the most stupid of milk and water. In the evening with Abby. Some Company came and among others, two Mr. Angiers,2 who sang a few simple songs tolerably well. They are apparently very well satisfied with their style and probably will remain so until they learn a better [one].
1. Orville Dewey’s “Principles of Elocution,” North American Review, 54:38–66 (July 1829).
2. John and Luther Angier (Brooks, Medford, p. 501).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-20

Monday 20th.

Morning to town with Mr. Brooks and Abby. The day was misty and damp, the wind being east, but it cleared off pleasantly before night. I was busy at the Office during the morning. Thomas B. Adams called in and passed some time with me. He has just arrived having been at New York long enough to alarm his family considerably.1 In { 406 } consideration of this, I thought I would take him to Quincy early. I succeeded however in getting through with and returning my Inventory of George’s effects to the Probate Court and the Appraisal so that I have that off my mind. The next thing will be to remove them from their present situation. I do not know how that will go. Rode out of town at four and reached Quincy shortly after five, just as my father was about taking a ride. I went with him to Mount Wollaston and had a pleasant conversation upon the beauty of the Country which did shine forth on this afternoon with great brilliancy. Family pride does strongly centre in him now. It has become an absorbing passion. Evening, Conversation—Economy.
1. JQA obtained a furlough for his nephew from his army station at Fort Pickens, South Carolina, and the young man spent much of the summer aiding JQA (Bemis, JQA, 2:186).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-21

Tuesday 21st.

Morning to town. Occupied first in going to Hancock Street to see about the sale of Mr. Welsh’s property. Finding nothing there, I went to another sale of certain furniture in Chesnut Street and there made a purchase for Quincy. This took up much of the morning. I forgot to say that I drove Abby Adams to town, a fact not in itself of much importance. On my return to my Office, I passed a good hour in making a settlement with Daniel Hollis, one of the tenants of my father’s houses. His account has been moving on ever since the year 1824 and exceeds in amount six hundred dollars while our Account against him for the same time exceeds that. I struck the balance and took his Note for the amount over. The afternoon was passed lazily as I was fatigued, excepting that I went to get my Astral Lamp1 and in order to be sure of it’s safety I carried the Glass myself. This was not elegant but I have become careless of those appearances. The same thing gave me a good deal of trouble on my way to Quincy but I at last reached there safe. Evening with my father. Conversation upon the state of property in Boston.
1. A lamp burning oil in a flattened ring, so contrived that uninterrupted light is thrown upon the table below it (OED).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-22

Wednesday. 22nd.

Morning to town, weather exceedingly warm. I went into the Common Pleas for a few moments to look after my case which appears pretty safe. Then to Dr. Welsh’s as I had directed a man to come for Newspapers, in order to have them bound, which will make some number of Volumes. Having got rid of them, I went to Miss Oliver’s, { 407 } a tenant of mine to discuss the matter of repairs and a new Lease all which was done. They take a Lease for two years and I agree to paper and paint their rooms, with some other necessary repairs. On the whole, as Rents are falling, I think my bargain a good one. Returned to the Office, wrote a short Note to Abby in reply to one of her’s.1 She wants me to go to Medford tomorrow instead of today as she has her Medford friends, as I suppose a kind of valedictory. I must go, but on the whole I am very glad to get rid of this business so cheap. I have been here now nearly two years and have been exposed as a show at Medford very little. Afternoon, quiet at my room, for once read a little of the Spectator, and some Musical anecdotes, and resumed my Index not touched before since my father arrived. Evening to Quincy. A little fretful and something low spirited. Conversation with my father—Dr. Watkins’ case.
1. Both missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-23

Thursday 23rd.

Morning to town. Occupied during the morning in copying some Executors papers for my father, in making a settlement with T. O. Brackett upon George’s Note for One hundred dollars with interest from the third of March which I paid, then went to Hancock Street where I made my arrangements with Miss Oliver and concluded the lease. Ordered Hollis to make some small repair that was required on it and then went to Mr. Foster’s and ordered a paper for them in this way getting through the business. Mr. Curtis called upon me about the expedition to Weston and I fixed Tuesday for it. This consumed the morning and I then rode to Medford. Found Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and Miss Mary B. Hall at dinner. Mrs. Brooks is sick, and gets no better. I am distressed for the consequence and Abby was evidently much depressed by it. Evening, a Medford party, a thing highly distressing to me, but I got through with it better than I expected. I forced myself through the form of introduction in many cases and so saved myself the trouble of being a post all the evening. But it was fatiguing and did not pay [for] itself.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-24

Friday 24th.

Returned to town this morning, and passed it as I usually do in the performance of a multiplicity of little things no one of which was of great consequence yet all needing attention. It is quite surprising to perceive how many little duties accumulate upon one without his being sensible of it. In like manner in the afternoon, I was writing to { 408 } all the different individuals connected with my various duties as Agent and Administrator, dunning letters, for money. One agreeable thing however occurred, Mr. Coffin paid me a fee which is the first professional money I have touched since May, though I have done some business since. My head was a little out of order, and I felt nervous. Saw Mr. Kinsman and consulted him about a Note from a man by the name of Williams to my late brother. I have not yet made up my mind whether to prosecute. Rode out of town with Abby Adams. She has passed a few days in Boston and returns with a Cold. Evening at Quincy. Col. Josiah Quincy and his brother in Law Greene1 paid a visit. The latter rather silly. Conversation prosy, and I was so sleepy as to be glad to go to bed.
1. Benjamin Daniel Greene, Harvard 1812, married Margaret Morton Quincy (Edmund Quincy, Josiah Quincy, p. 450). See Adams Genealogy.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-25

Saturday. 25th.

Morning to town but very late. My father first entering into conversation with me upon the subject of my prospects and his own in consequence of my a little disliking the tenor of a certain paragraph in the letter to my Mother which I copied for him this morning.1 He went over much that was said before and without much difference in the facts, excepting that now his determination to build a house is weakened. I told him that with regard to his future intentions, all I desired was to be thought not to have any opinion upon the subject but to leave him to the exercise of his own judgment and discretion. I was in Boston a very short time and did little though I seemed engaged. At one o’clock I rode to Medford. Found there, Mr. and Mrs. Chardon Brooks, Mr. and Mrs. Frothingham and Mrs. Story of Salem.2 Dinner was pleasant enough. Mrs. Brooks quite ill and Abby very low spirited about her. Evening pleasant and quite happy.
1. LCA had objected to her husband’s plan to build a pretentious stone house in Quincy and had urged instead that he construct two frame houses, so that he could leave one to each son and thus root them both in Massachusetts soil. In view of his heavy debts and expenditures, JQA replied, “I shall . . . suspend my purpose of building at all, and instead of dreaming of greatness past or future . . . shall confine my contemplations to the reduction of my expenditures, and the payment of my debts, hoping that my children by their industry and their frugality may be enabled to build frame houses for themselves” (JQA to LCA, 25 July 1829, Adams Papers). When CFA made a copy of the letter for JQA’s letterbooks, he took the quoted passage as a personal affront.
2. Presumably Mrs. Joseph Story, the former Sarah Waldo Wetmore (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-26

Sunday 26th.

Passed all day at home at Medford. The day pleasant but quite { 409 } cool. I read the remaining Articles of the last Number of the North American Review and also Abbot’s Letters on the condition of Cuba.1 These might be amusing as Letters though they fail to make a book. A Country Clergyman travelling for health with ideas confined very much by former habits and studies has but little power of explaining the resources and manners and disadvantages of foreign countries. He seems to have relished good cheer and kind people and to have met more than usual of each. Conversation with Abby. She inclines to fix the third of September for our marriage, which now rapidly approaches.
1. Abiel Abbot, Letters Written in the Interior of Cuba, Boston, 1829.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-27

Monday 27th.

Returned to town this morning. Passed it in a manner not altogether so useful as I might have done. Called on Mr. Davis at Mr. Webster’s Office and had much conversation with him upon many subjects. He is a pleasant young man. I then went to see if I could make any arrangements by which I might dispose of some of the duplicates and useless books which are among George’s, but I found that I should not be very likely to succeed at private sale. I then went and made a few purchases for my father. The afternoon was passed in making a disposition of George’s papers. All the manuscripts were transported from his room, and many of the books which I incline to sell were separated from the rest. In this manner I shall save a double transportation. He has many useless and some vicious books. I was delayed until late, and reached Quincy late. Evening, my father but little conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-28

Tuesday 28th.

Arose early this morning in order to start with my father for Weston. He having fixed this day to go and see the farm which is there in his possession, and the gift of Mr. Boylston. We called at Mr. Curtis’ for him and arrived at Weston before eleven, it being twenty miles at least. The farm appears in tolerable condition since the tenants undertook it, and though it is pretty much a dead weight upon his hands, all he would wish would be that it did not run him in debt. After going over it and seeing the ordinary condition in which it is, we returned so as to reach Quincy by half past three o’clock. The day was favourable to our horses, it being cloudy and with appearance of rain. Passed an hour in the garden looking at the peach trees, the appearance of { 410 } which is really disheartening. And my father although a fine theorist has not the least practical and useful knowledge in the world. My time is so taken up as to make me unable to attend to it. So the garden is likely to go to ruin. Attempted a little of Bishop Burnet without success. William E. Foster brought his sister out here, Elizabeth,1 who remains on a visit to Louisa C. Smith. Mr. Coggins, a man from West Chester, Pa. called to see the House and my Father. Curiosity, but he seemed unassuming so it pleased me to indulge him. Evening, fatigued and went to bed very early.
1. They were children of James H. Foster (JQA to LCA, 31 July 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-29

Wednesday 29th.

Morning to town, threatening a warm day but without being so. My time was taken up in looking over the papers of my brother and in destroying all those which are of little or no use. He managed to collect and preserve every thing relating to himself from his earliest years and the mass now shows his industry ill regulated as it was. He was a very extraordinary young man, had he possessed but a single quality which I can without much vanity lay claim to, he would have been excelled in life by few. My particular forte in me is of but little use, for I have not his accomplishments to push forward with it.
Having been invited to day to dine with Mr. Everett I went out and found there Mr. Brooks and Abby, Col. Barnard of Rochester1 and Mr. Sparks. The dinner was tolerably pleasant, and Mr. Everett quite easy and agreeable. I should like very well to become a little more acquainted with him. After remaining there until after seven, I drove with Abby to Medford. The Evening passed as usual. Little or nothing remarkable.
1. Daniel Dewey Barnard (1796–1861), a Rochester, N.Y., lawyer who had just served one term in Congress and had been defeated for reelection (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-30

Thursday. 30th.

Returned to town bringing Abby with me as far as Charlestown. The weather which looked threatening in the morning became more so until we were deluged with torrents of rain. I employed the morning in drawing up my accounts for the month and also in making some disposition of a few loose things which trouble me. I am continually finding such. I got rid of a dunning Note to Mr. Alden Bradford,1 and dispatched a letter to John, enclosing a Note of one Williams who has gone to Baltimore and may be caught there. In { 411 } the afternoon, I went to Hancock Street to see Miss Oliver who sent for me without any definite reason but to beg more repairs, rather unreasonably as I thought, so I left her immediately. Then to Dr. Welsh’s where I was engaged all the rest of the afternoon in making a disposition of George’s books. Then to Quincy. It rained again during the evening. My father seemed dull and out of spirits. He complained of headach, and seemed more discouraged than I have yet seen him.
1. Alden Bradford (1765–1843), Harvard 1786, an historical writer and editor and from 1812 to 1824 Secretary of the Commonwealth, lived at this time on Summer Street (DAB; Boston Directory, 1829–1830). For the consequences of CFA’s letter, see entry for 5 Aug., below.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0007-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-07-31

Friday. 31st.

Morning to town in a shower of rain, the weather being exceedingly changeable. It cleared up warm for the rest of the day. Morning passed at the Office in finishing my Account for the month for my father, and in destroying the papers accumulated by my brother. He had always the inclination to preserve and this has placed upon me much trouble for I feel unwilling to commit them without ceremony to the flames. Much of my time is in this way consumed. Afternoon at Dr. Welsh’s where I completed the division between the books I retain and those I intend to try to sell. But I was so fully occupied that I went to Quincy late. Found there, Mr. J. H. Foster Jr., his wife and sister1 who went directly however. Miss Elizabeth and her brother Thomas Adams with Mr. Marston and his son Ward were all at the House in the evening. My father appeared much overcome by the heat. Conversation with him, the advantages and disadvantages of land. He holds to the first, and there we disagree. This led us to a comparison of life in City and Country where we agreed as little. But how natural this is. He is now beyond ambition. I am just arriving at it. Life is therefore seen by us in different phases. It grew cooler in the night.
1. Foster’s sister was named Louisa (JQA, Diary, 31 July 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-01

Saturday. August. 1st.

The weather had changed so much as to affect me sensibly with cold in riding to town this morning. At the Office engaged much. Mr. Clough1 called upon me to tell me that I must apply to Mr. Rayner, the President of the Republican Institution, to call the government together to decide upon my request. I accordingly wrote to Mr. Rayner.2 Then I was engaged in making a Writ, Floyd against Lumee. { 412 } Mr. Brooks called upon me to ask for the Keys of the House. I had them not and was consequently obliged to go and look after them, which carried me first to the House and then to Dr. Welsh’s. Found that my Carpenter had been at work at my room, and had put up my cases. The shelves however hardly tall enough. When I returned to the Office I found only time enough to look over very few of my brother’s papers, before I was obliged to go with my father to Medford. Found there, Mr. and Mrs. Everett and Col. Barnard with the usual family. The dinner was pleasant, indeed unusually so. My father left early but not to escape heavy rain which fell for two hours. Conversation with Abby as to the time of our marriage. She has qualms now and then. Subsequent conversation with Mr. Brooks who professes to be indifferent.
1. Ebenezer Clough, of 254 Hanover Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
2. CFA applied to John Rayner for advice as to how GWA’s “right in the Republican Institution of this City” could best be sold (CFA to John Rayner, 1 Aug. 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-02

Sunday. 2nd.

Morning at home, engaged in reading the last Number of the Quarterly of Philadelphia.1 Not much interesting matter in it. Conversation with Abby. Reflection upon her character. Impatience predominant. Natural character fine, but the early neglect had fixed roots difficult to eradicate. I see her difficulties strongly and have tried to change them by urging to the extent of her patience. Now I am soon to marry her when this will not do and kindness and affection are all. Much of her character is fascinating and her vivacity, playfulness and affectionate simplicity are delightful characteristics for a companion in life. Mr. Davis of New York was here in the afternoon, lively and amusing. Nothing remarkable otherwise. Mrs. Brooks was uncommonly well today.
1. The American Quarterly Review.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-03

Monday 3rd.

Morning to town with Mrs. Frothingham and Abby in the Carriage. Engaged first in drawing and depositing for my Father the interest on the West Boston and Neponset Bridge Stock. After which I went to the new House and passed there a considerable part of the morning, in fitting the Keys and making preparation for my books. I moved this afternoon all the books from George’s room which I intend to come from there to my house. The weather was very warm and the business { 413 } most excessively fatiguing so that by the close I found myself so accablé as to require a cold bath which I took forthwith and it relieved me exceedingly. But I was nevertheless much fatigued. Rode to Quincy quite late and though my appetite was prodigious owing to my having had no dinner, yet my bones were so wearied that I could not rest very well. My father returned home quite sick on Saturday but seemed well this evening. I retired very early and had no conversation.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0004

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-04

Tuesday. 4th.

Morning to town, but before I had reached it a most violent shower came on nearly as bad as that we had a few days since. It was lucky for me that the rain was not in front or behind as I should unquestionably have been thoroughly drenched in such case. As it was I was clear very cheap. On my arrival at my Office however I did not find that my table and room had escaped so easily for my boy by his carelessness had left the windows open in his absence to Dr. Welsh’s. This thing being remedied I employed myself in examining George’s papers which I could not get through though I continued it until I went to Quincy. Weather damp and gloomy. Found my father comfortable and talked with him in the evening about my grandfather and his papers.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0005

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-05

Wednesday. 5th.

Morning to town. Occupied a little at the commencement of the day but afterwards my friend Richardson called in and I talked over things with him pretty fully. He comes to see me seldom so that I am glad to have him kill a morning sometimes. Mr. Alden Bradford called in consequence of a letter which I wrote to him some days since to make a settlement about the rent of a pew belonging to my father in Brattle Square. Having no money to give me, he gave a promissory Note. I have some prospect of getting this money now, which was near proving a bad debt. Much money has been lost by George’s total neglect of books and accounts, and I can only pick up here and there a straggling debt which is going on merely by sufferance. At one I went to see Abby who was at the House, staid a little while and returned. Afternoon, George’s papers until five when I rode with Abby to Medford. Mrs. Brooks very sick. Dr. Davis1 and Miss Catherine Dexter there. Evening quiet.
1. Possibly Dr. Edward G. Davis, who lived at 101 Washington Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0006

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-06

Thursday. 6th.

Morning to town. Abby in low spirits about her Mother and I could not rouse her. This affected me a little and I felt depressed all day. A letter also came from John1 saying that my Mother had been taken sick, which did not contribute at all to improve my pleasure. Morning passed in the Office and in attending an Auction, to purchase a few of the last things for Quincy. Received from E. H. Derby, one year’s pew rent which I called upon him to obtain. Too much of my day was wasted in reading les Liaisons Dangeureuses, a book nominally with a moral but altogether vicious, in fact. George owned this copy and read by far too much in this and similar works. But the afternoon was occupied in destroying the school boy productions of my brother and his friends which he always preserved. I remained in town until late in order to obtain the evening’s mail, by which there came a letter from my Mother which relieved our apprehensions.2 Then to Quincy. Evening with my father. Miscellaneous conversation.
1. Missing.
2. LCA reported that she was “much better altho still labouring under a considerable stricture of the lungs” (LCA to JQA, 2 Aug. 1829, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0007

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-07

Friday. 7th.

Morning to town. Weather quite warm. After spending a short time at the Office, I went up with Baxter, the Waggoner, and assisted him in transporting the remaining Articles of Furniture from the House at Dr. Welsh’s. The Book Cases were rather heavy but we got them down by the assistance of a hand cartman. And at last I saw the end of that business which had been hanging upon my mind heavily for some time. At last George’s room bears no marks of his residence, and in a short time the changes of life will have nearly effaced his memory from the globe. Such is our final existence and such our end. Moralizing ceases to produce it’s effect for the lesson is too extensively spread.
This took up nearly all of my morning so that as I had decided that I would dine at Quincy today, I was compelled to start forthwith, merely asking first how Mrs. Brooks was and found her sick, as ever. My ride was warm but not unpleasant. Found the family at dinner but Louisa C. Smith too unwell to come down. Thomas dined with us. Afterwards, we took a bath, which I enjoyed exceedingly, but found myself much fatigued in the evening. So as not to enjoy my father’s conversation from drowsiness. He was upon the History of America too.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0008

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-08

Saturday 8th.

Morning to town. The weather exceedingly warm. At the Office. Received a most extraordinary Note from Mrs. Longhurst with a remittance of fifty dollars. I replied to it promptly and in such manner that her leaving the House now would not surprise me,1 and indeed would it be matter of indifference as I had rather take my chance of a good tenant, who paid punctually, even if I should be compelled to lower the rent. She wishes me to lower the rent for her without paying. Walked to the House and saw Abby. My book cases not yet done. Returned to the Office, engaged in tearing and assorting old papers, until dinner time. Dined at Judge Hall’s. My father, Mr. J. Russel, Col. Hall, Judge, wife and son. Tolerably pleasant. His wine was good. But a thunder storm detained me longer than I wished as the Judge is prosy after dinner, and his lady talks shocking scandal. Rode to Medford in the evening, came in to tea and Dr. Swann. Evening, saw Mrs. Brooks, who has been quite ill, but is better and was lively tonight. Remainder of the evening as usual.
1. Mrs. Mary B. Longhurst, a dressmaker, lived in a house owned by JQA on Tremont Street, at the corner of Boylston Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830). To her request that the rent be reduced, CFA replied: “If you are not disposed to remain in the House, I am perfectly content that you should give me notice to quit after having paid all arrears” (CFA to Mrs. Mary B. Longhurst, 8 Aug. 1829, LbC, Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0009

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-09

Sunday. 9th.

Morning exceedingly warm and sultry. Remained at home all day and wasted it shockingly. I could regret much this way if I did not hope it was soon to cease. In the afternoon, I read half a Volume of Chesterfield, Letters to his son. They display wonderful knowledge of men and though it is the fashion to decry them, I think they are admirable as instruction. To be sure it will not do to put them into the hands of the very young, but after moral education is complete they are useful, for they only teach to combine the useful and ornamental with the correct, when properly taken, and who would not wish to unite them all. P. Chardon Brooks and his wife out here in the afternoon and Mr. Cotton Brooks of whom I have spoken once or twice heretofore. The weather was warm until evening when there was a violent thunder shower.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0010

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-10

Monday 10th.

Morning to town accompanied by Abby. Called in passing upon Mr. Stetson to inquire of whom it would be necessary to obtain a { 416 } certificate after the publishment of the banns. This thing must be done directly. At the Office, my boy out of the way so much that I turned him off, though with regret. At the house saw Abby but my bookcases not finished yet.
Assorted more of George’s letters and in the afternoon, read his letters to Mary C. Hellen during their engagement, which was the flower of his life. Affectionate enough but rather seldom. Written once a month or so when I wrote twice a week to Abby. This was the mistake he made for he suffered her affection, at all times volatile, to become perfectly cool.
Engaged the remainder of the afternoon in putting up my books in their cases. I doubt whether those yet put up will contain one half of them. Thus it was nearly seven before I left town. Evening at Quincy. Conversation with my father. Family affairs. Old History. I forgot to mention that I took order to have myself published in Boston and wrote to Medford to Mr. Bartlett, town Clerk, to do the same.1 Evening cool after a warm day.
1. CFA’s letter to A. Bartlett, town clerk of Medford, is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0011

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-11

Tuesday 11th.

Morning to town, but I find myself so late in reaching it that I am hurried for time very much. My office too already looks as if it wanted a boy. At the house putting my books up, find that I shall need another case which is not an agreeable discovery. I was thus occupied all day until one when I thought I would ride to Quincy to dine. My father had asked several persons to come to dinner, but none came excepting Mr. Curtis. Thomas as usual. The afternoon was passed in a lazy manner. I became so ashamed of it that I caught up a copy of Lady Montagues Letters, and read half the first Volume.1 They are pleasant, though not free from affectation and conceit. Evening, Conversation with my father—General literature, Horace Walpole, Dr. Johnson.
1. Lady Mary Wortley Montague, Letters . . . Written during Her Travels in Europe, Asia and Africa to Persons of Distinction, London, 1763.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0012

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-12

Wednesday. 12th.

Morning to town. Having reformed my practice, I got to town quite in reasonable time today. At the Office. Nothing worthy of particular notice. At the house, after having purchased a Carpet for my Study. Discouraged about my books, as I find other cases must be made. The expense frightens me. Found Mrs. P. Chardon Brooks, Miss { 417 } Phillips, Julia Gorham and afterwards Abby. But they did not please me this morning so that I returned to the Office in bad humour. Mr. Orcutt, tenant of tenement No. 3 in Common Street, called to tell me he could not pay any more rent at present.1 This is the general cry. And in the mean time, we must live. The prospect is not agreeable. I did not remain in town long being out of spirits, and returned to Quincy to dine. Found there Dr. Waterhouse of Cambridge who dined with us but was dry. Afternoon, I read a little of Burnet, which I must go over again connectedly, and finished the first Volume of Lady Montague. Mr. Bussy, his grandson in law Francis C. Head,2 and four strangers, citizens of South Carolina, called in the course of the afternoon. Not much conversation in the evening.
1. David Orcutt, a cabinetmaker, rented a house owned by JQA on Tremont (or Common) Street for $150 a year (CFA, Accounts as Manager of John Quincy Adams’ Finances, 1828–1846, p. 16, M/CFA/3, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 297).
2. Benjamin Bussey (1757–1842), who had made a fortune in foreign trade, was famous for his horticultural gardens, which were later bequeathed to Harvard as a school of agriculture (Appletons’ Cyclo. Amer. Biog.; Bacon’s Dict. of Boston, p. 74–75). Francis C. Head, who married Eleanor Bussey Davis, was a member of the Boston auctioneering firm of Coolidge, Poor, & Head (Columbian Centinel, 14 May 1825; Boston Directory, 1825).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0013

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-13

Thursday. 13th.

Morning to town. Engaged as usual in a diversity of pursuits connected with my father’s business and my own. Called upon Mr. Tarbell about sundry Writs he has intrusted to me and had some conversation with him which induced him to ask me to dinner. After having spent an hour looking at some of poor George’s old Journals, I went and dined with them. Found Mr. Fletcher there, and they were quite comfortable. In the afternoon, went up to the house and completed putting up my books as far as I was able but the bookcases are manifestly insufficient. I must have others made and after all, I must return many to Quincy. It became late before I had finished this business, and after going to the Office to shut up, though I had a boy who was a wretched country gawk. And gave me more trouble than good. I rode to Medford, stopped at the Tavern and walked to Mrs. Ward’s, where there was a Medford party. Stupid enough. She is old and infirm beyond belief. Her daughter was the person giving the entertainment. I felt a little low spirited and not very good company. After an hour and a half of ennui, we were dismissed and I returned to the Tavern, took my horse and rode to Mr. Brooks’.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0014

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-14

Friday 14th.

Morning to town. Mr. Frothingham came in with me and we had much conversation upon many subjects, in most of which I found our notions agree considerably. Discussing the character of Mr. Everett, I saw clearly that we both understood his character. But I felt unwilling to go very much into the expression of my opinions. Mr. Everett has been friendly to me, and it is very silly for me to hazard his kindness and turn it into enmity of a most disagreeable description. At the Office. Nothing remarkable. Dismissed my new Office boy in disgust. Up at the house where I wasted an hour pleasantly with Abby, but did nothing. Called to see my Carpenter but could not find him. My bookcase lags. Then to the Office and out of town. Pleasant dinner at home and discussion about Wine in which I found I knew very little about it. Walk into the town to see about certain bottles, but I could not obtain any. My father promises me some fine Madeira if I set about it. Dropped in to see my Uncle Thomas and his family. Spent half an hour there in conversation about immaterial things, obtained a Volume of my set of Voltaire which has been there since last year and returned home to tea. So fatigued this evening that I could not sit up beyond nine o’clock, being another case of overfatigue. My father was interesting too, upon the English Novelists.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0015

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-15

Saturday. 15th.

We were visited early this morning with the most severe thunderstorm that I have heard or seen for many years. It was longer and heavier than usual, remaining over us for more than two hours and with incessant flashes of lightning. One house was struck in the town and a fire was visible in the distance. The bell of the Meeting house began to ring and the fury of the storm, the quietness of the Country visible in the strong glare of the light when it poured from the Clouds, with the melancholy but alarming tone of the bell, presented a scene equal to the strongest imagination. I was sleepless for three hours and arose still tired and exhausted. To Boston. Morning at the Office, excepting when I was engaged in a number of commissions given me for the morning, purchasing Carpets and other things for the House at Quincy. Mr. Curtis called upon me, and gave me a deed to draw for the Estate of Mr. Boylston at the same time retaining me as Conveyancer in general which is a good place. Dined in town. Afternoon rather wasted. Why I do not know, but I feel now too much disarranged to do much. To Medford. Found Abby and the family well. { 419 } Pleasant Evening. Abby was affectionate and I enjoyed myself altogether very much.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0016

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-16

Sunday. 16th.

Morning at home. As it is the ettiquette for a lady not to go to public places after she is published to be married, Abby did not attend at Meeting and we spent the day together. I was occupied in writing her Invitation Cards for the reception of her company. On the whole, I have seldom enjoyed myself more. She was extremely affectionate and her playful yet perfectly simple manner was fascinating as it was sincere. The day has little else to render it remarkable. In the afternoon, Mr. and Mrs. Everett were here and Edward B. Hall, the Clergyman of Northampton who is a Nephew of Mr. Brooks.1 The former persons have just returned from this place, where they have been for some purposes, no body knows what. Mr. Frothingham truly said yesterday, that he (Mr. E.) never did any thing without a purpose. Evening, Conversation with Abby—Character, warmth of it. We mutually complain of the want of it in each other, which is one of those cases where not much comes of [it?]. Pleasant enough.
1. Edward B. Hall, Harvard 1820, was Congregational minister at Northampton (Mass. Register, 1829, p. 114).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0017

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-17

Monday 17th.

Morning to town accompanied by Mr. Frothingham. Conversation upon the late report of an unfortunate affair between Mr. Webster’s eldest son and his niece. I do not know what to make of it. At the Office. Mr. Ayer the Carpenter called1 and I went up to the House with him to see about the remaining bookcase. Waited for Abby who was there. Mrs. Chardon Brooks came in and I went away. Paid a visit to Mrs. Sidney Brooks at Mrs. Dehon’s. Found there many visitors. Upon going out I met Mrs. Harrison G. Otis. She spoke to me, but the meeting was rather awkward. I hardly knew what to do or say. It was rather fortunate however that I had taken my leave, for the meeting upstairs would have been less pleasant. Returned to the Office. Nothing further occurred, and I left town to dine at Quincy. Found there Miss Welsh and Louisa Smith who worries my life out. It is impossible for a woman to be better constituted to fatigue others than she is. Much of the afternoon was passed in reading and studying the deed which I propose to draw for Mr. Curtis. Evening quiet. General conversation upon Astronomy. My father received letters from { 420 } Washington, announcing their probable departure on Sunday which is earlier than was expected.
1. Thomas Ayers, who lived at 23 Chambers Street (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0018

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-18

Tuesday 18th.

This morning marks my twenty second birth day. Much has passed since the last event of the kind, both for good and for evil. I have suffered and I have enjoyed as is the lot of all mortals in this scene of vicissitudes. Our family has had a year of trouble yet sees much to be thankful for. We have descended into the rank of private citizens without regret and lamentation, but the private troubles have been to us both deep and distressing. There has also been pleasure. My brother John has given my Mother an object of interest in his child and a bond in which all the family are united. We have on the other hand lost a member and the young head of the family. My own feelings have been of a mixed character. The first half of the year brought with it much bitterness, disappointment and ill health but the other half has been rapidly paying me by much happiness unalloyed. To the future I decline looking for as that contains many deep and dark spots, I have no fancy to reflect upon their appearance. Enough of this.
Rode to town, the weather dark, gloomy and threatening. At the Office, where I was occupied most of the morning drawing up the deed which Mr. Curtis had given me, but I had no time to finish it. The rain came down in torrents and after having done every thing which was necessary, I left for Quincy. My ride was rainy and disagreeable. I reached there to dinner. My father kindly remembered the day and wished me happiness. I wish it to myself more on his account than my own, for he has drunk bitterness to the dregs. At four, notwithstanding the rain, I started with the little Carriage for Providence. John, our man servant, only with me. The rain was behind us so we suffered but little excepting during a mistake of the road which John made carrying us out of the way for some distance. This delayed us at Walpole until nine o’clock when we reached Fuller’s1 and I then took supper and retired immediately for the night.
1. The Half-Way House in South Walpole was run by Stephen Fuller Jr. (Willard De Lue, The Story of Walpole, 1724–1924, Norwood, Mass., 1925, p. 225).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0019

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-19

Wednesday. 19th.

I left Walpole early this morning. The weather cleared up with a cool wind which made my Coat feel comfortable when buttoned up. { 421 } We rode easily and reached Providence without any difficulty by half past ten o’clock. Having made all the necessary arrangements for keeping the horses during my absence, I went down to the Steamboat and engaged my passage. The Boat happened to be the Benjamin Franklin1 and it was some time before I could become familiarized to the scene. My good sense told me that it was weak to give way to those feelings for that2 the accident was not more than the fate of us all sooner or later and it mattered little as to the place. But a reasoner cannot always succeed. The place had seen his presence and from thence he had gone into eternity without the possibility of assuring us what the circumstances of his fate were. No eye witnessed it, no tongue can tell it. But either conclusion which we come to is horrible enough. I had no acquaintance in the boat, but gradually distracted my mind from these meditations so that it was only at times that I had a qualm. Our trip was favourable enough. There was little or nothing to affect us and so I retired to bed to sleep badly. For in these boats, nothing else can be expected.
1. The ship on which GWA made his last voyage.
2. Thus in MS.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0020

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-20

Thursday 20th.

I slept or rather remained in my berth until we reached New York not being willing to trust my feelings through the scene of the disaster. We arrived at six and landed soon after. I walked to the City Hotel and found that my Mother had arrived last evening in the boat from N. Brunswick. Soon after she came down to see me. She looked altered, more than I expected and unwell, but I tried to reflect that I had hoped too much and that she was not more unwell than I ought to have expected. Her alteration of dress ought to be taken into account, from having been fond of show and ornament, she now rejects her hair and all appearance not consistent with the utmost plainness of the deepest mourning. She was affected by my coming in the Franklin and I found to my regret that that boat would return tomorrow when we ought to go. It was therefore evident to me that this accident would be a trial. I conversed a good deal with her upon many subjects before I saw the rest of the family. She was accompanied here by John and his wife and child, very unexpectedly to me. I was however glad to see them, as I thought it would be pleasant to them and to my Mother. Mary looks tolerably well but they all seem harrassed by their Journey. John told me that my Mother’s spirit had given way excessively on the Journey and he was apprehensive of the result.
{ 422 }
The morning was passed in going round New York after sundry objects which I intended to perform while here. I called upon Mr. Frothingham, and went to Miss Thompson’s, the Milliner’s,1 to order a hat for Abby. I also walked round with John and we visited several places, among others a Furniture Warehouse where we saw all the dash of New York. There was much that was beautiful certainly. Returning, we found Baron Stackelberg had called and he sat with us for half an hour. He is much as usual. A Gentleman with all his vices. The afternoon was lounged away, partly at the Battery and partly at home, so that we found ourselves much fatigued. The family all retired early but myself who sat until ten. Mr. Charles King calling in to amuse me.
1. Phebe Thompson, a milliner, lived at 46 John Street (Longworth’s N.Y. Directory, 1828–1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0021

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-21

Friday 21st.

Morning passed in doing little or nothing. John and I took a stroll up Broadway, very far up, to look into a New York imitation of Tattersal’s in London. John has a fondness for Carriages and Horses which I do not partake in. I drive horses to get from place to place and I prefer a fast horse to a slow one, but I have no great pride in the business. Nor should I feel distressed if I never had further connection with them. On our return we called in at Mr. Stout’s, the Engraver’s,1 and I ordered a Card for Abby as Mrs. C. F. Adams anticipating a little and not without a silent qualm, but I got over this weakness, for these presentiments are always follies and only the more so when accident makes them sometimes turn out true. Afternoon, took a lounge into the Arcade and made a purchase of a little dress to make a present to the Baby. I have never as yet given her anything. This was a trifling present but even that more than my present exhausted means will allow.
Conversation with my Mother who seemed very dull and out of spirits, about George and his affairs. I tried to direct attention from the subject as much as possible, talking mildly and favourably. But she seemed constantly recurring to it. John and his Wife stayed out long so that we did not drink tea until very late after which my Mother again conversed with me, but not upon George. She principally talked of Johnson Hellen’s affairs, his marriage and treatment of the family, which affected her but not too much. She then talked of my marriage, which seemed to give her some pleasure. Thus the time passed until we separated at ten o’clock and I retired to bed. It was so evident to { 423 } me that my Mother could not go in the Franklin, that I did not even mention it, and suffered the day to pass without taking any notice of our departure.
1. James D. Stout, the engraver, at 153 and 172 Broadway (Longworth’s N.Y. Directory, 1828–1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0022

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-22

Saturday 22nd.

It was just after the Clock struck twelve, that my brother’s Wife burst into my room in the utmost alarm, and roused me from a sound sleep by telling me that my Mother had been taken excessively ill. I started directly and upon rushing upstairs found it was true enough. She was lying under one of those violent attacks which she is subject to with all the family and servants up and trying to assist her in her distress. It will be useless to detail the two hours which passed. Suffering was dreadfully stamped on them in my memory for ever. I had never seen any thing like this before, and it affected me to the soul. I was so overcome as to be very near needing some assistance as much as herself. I went downstairs however and recovered myself. The Dr. came at last and after conversation and consultation he applied some remedies which soon relieved her of the coldness about the breast which she complained of so dreadfully. I went to bed and tried to lose my feelings in sleep. Here was a new and entire revolution in my prospects. And the question occurred of what was to be done now. I did sleep after much effort after hearing the clock strike three, and awoke again at six.
I went up to see my Mother who was calm and reasonable though exceedingly unable to move at all. I sat with her some time and tried to soothe her. She had not slept at all and was very nervous, starting at any slight noise. I then conversed with her about our plans and then urged her to return to Washington. This was done with a feeling of despair. I was so apprehensive that she would do more on my account than she was able, that I preferred not taking the risk of the consequences. She might suffer from me and I preferred sacrificing all selfish wishes rather than hazard any such consequences. After breakfast the Dr. came in, a certain Dr. Watts whom I had never heard of before;1 he saw my Mother again, and John’s child which was also sick. He advised that the child should be removed from the City to the Eastward which put John in another quandary and half determined him to go to Quincy by land. Something must be done quickly, and therefore upon conversation with my Mother I submitted the two propositions, advising her strenuously to return and if neces• { 424 } sary carry the child to some healthy situation near Washington. After some argument, she agreed to return, and having thus definitely fixed upon this, I decided upon returning in the boat to Providence this afternoon. Our dinner, John and I (téte a téte) was a silent and dull one and after a parting affecting and affectionate with my Mother, I went to the Boat with John who saw me off.
I knew nobody on board. My passage was a melancholy one for it had recollections freshened to my mind by the scenes which had caused them, and my nerves which the last twenty four if not forty eight hours had shaken to excess, were in no condition to bear any thing. But time brought strength and I went to bed in a Cot at night and probably from exhaustion slept better than I ever recollect doing in a Steam boat.
1. Dr. John Watts lived at 90 Chambers Street (Longworth’s N.Y. Directory, 1828–1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0023

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-23

Sunday 23rd.

I arose in the morning feeling refreshed and strengthened but still somewhat low spirited. The weather was fine and though our boat had not made very uncommon progress, we were paid for it by the quiet off Point Judith. There is a tendency in the spirits of the young to elasticity which supports them when they would otherwise sink. I fell into Conversation with a gentleman on board whom I did not know, upon miscellaneous subjects and in this manner time slipped away until I found myself at Providence. John [Thomas] was in waiting for me, and expecting others who did not come, but I could not find leisure to explain what appeared exceedingly mysterious to him. I started directly on my return and stopping only at Walpole to dine and rest the horses, found myself again at Quincy at eight o’clock in the evening. My father came out with a smiling face to meet disappointment, deep and severe. I talked to him privately, explained to him my motives and feelings, but coldly, compared to my experience, and the scene was not present to enforce the truth of my words. He was much affected and slowly gave in to my conclusion though not very willingly. I could do nothing more so went to bed, tired and dull enough.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0024

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-24

Monday. 24th.

I have unwittingly written what happened on Tuesday when I should in the order of time have been recording what happened on the previous day. This obliges me to insert it out of turn.1 I went to town { 425 } in my own Gig. Morning at the Office. Called at Mr. Brooks’ and found that I and my two letters written on Thursday and Friday were here simultaneously. I then after talking with him, wrote her a third letter which carried the thing through it’s various phases.2 Feeling obliged to wait here for letters from my Mother until evening, I did not think it worthwhile to go to Medford myself as I should be able to reach there only very late in the evening. Passed some time in recording the eventful and voluminous occurrences of the past week.
But finding nothing to do in the afternoon, I passed it in reading Mrs. Opie’s Illustrations of Lying.3 Her philosophy is too high wrought for life as it is, and though our good sense agrees directly with much which she brings forward, yet by driving the line too far she weakens what is really likely to affect. It is too true, that people who always tell truth are not the most attractive and fascinating, they are never the most popular, and to many this is and ever will be the strongest inducement. You must alter human nature. After going to the Post Office and finding nothing from New York I rode to Quincy, though not until it was late. Found Mr. Wallenstein there, a short visit only. Fatigued and retired.
1. In the MS, the entry for Tuesday the 25th precedes that for Monday the 24th. The editors have restored the proper chronology in the present text.
2. All three letters are missing.
3. Mrs. Amelia Opie, Illustrations of Lying, in All Its Branches, 2 vols., London, 1825.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0025

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-25

Tuesday. 25th.

Morning to town in the Carriage as I wished to have it repaired and have one of the horses attended to, his feet being in bad condition. This made me very late. I found that Abby was in town this morning and therefore went up directly to the House to see her, where I remained until she left town with her father. I had much conversation with her upon the present state of our affairs and also upon the arrangements for our marriage. It is now coming on rapidly and I feel at this moment a little qualmish about it. May God protect me for I am now so in the Web of my own weaving that my own indiscretions will bring misery upon more than myself. I will however hope for better things. There is hope and it is my stay. I love Abby too much to be altogether without apprehension.
Returned to the Office and after dinner, wrote my Journal for a number of days past, then Called to see Blake who is to be my first Groomsman, and made arrangements with him, as to what it would be necessary for him to do. Not much as I hope, for I do not now feel any { 426 } desire to make display. Our family is now situated very differently from what it has been, and my spirits if they were supported before, have seen enough now since my Journey to New York, to show how little in accordance gaiety is with our feelings and situation. I then drew up my father’s accounts. Thus passed the day. No letters in the evening from my Mother or John so I returned to Quincy late.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0026

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-26

Wednesday. 25th [i.e. 26].

Morning to town but rather late owing to some conversation with my father which detained me. He is now pursuing the study of the History of this Country very assiduously, and he asks me to assist him in the mechanical part of preparing the manuscripts. I am perfectly willing to do so, but cannot help thinking that my time is of more value to me than the product which this will bring.
Occupied in town, first in writing my Journal, next in copying for my father sundry letters and papers connected with his own affairs and those of the Executors of Mr. Boylston. I felt so unwell that I thought I would take no dinner but simply subsist upon six oysters as a luncheon. My bowels not being perfectly in order. In the afternoon I went to the House and superintended the moving of my own books from the Office, which are more in number than I had expected and which will not at any rate I am fearful, go into the space I have devoted for them. But I was so exceedingly unwell during the whole afternoon that I could do nothing more than just to lay them in confusion upon the floor, and trust to a better opportunity. Besides my Carpenter has been exceedingly slow about the matter and has not yet made the last Bookcase, which provokes me exceedingly. I returned to the Office and from thence rode to Quincy after finding that there were again no letters from any of the family. I felt so unwell all day that I began to be apprehensive of a fit of sickness so I kept fast.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0027

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-27

Thursday. 27th.

Morning to town, Conversation with my father upon his property. Many very heavy calls upon it just at present. Then upon my Marriage. He made me a present this morning of three portraits. One of my Grandfather painted by Stuart and exceedingly valuable, and those of my father and Mother by the same artist but not so good.1 I was surprised and pleased. They are now in the possession of Mr. Cruft and I must attend to their being shortly transferred.
Then I rode to town. At the Office. Found there Mr. Conant from { 427 } the farm at Weston, who came to tell me that he was apprehensive he should be unable to keep it on his lease.2 I regretted this very much and conversed with him much. He appeared discouraged and said the farm would be likely to run him in debt. It was always a matter of apprehension to me that I should find it so with my father. But I tried to encourage him by telling him that he now saw the worst side and that it would improve. He left me doubtful as to what he intended to do. I feel as if this was going to be a trouble to us.
Then came Mr. Farmer, who went over a long and disgusting detail of old affairs in attempting to clear himself which I did not believe he could do. What the purpose of it was I cannot say but having found that I was not likely to give way to extortion, he changed his ground and tried apology. I told him I wished to be rid of the business as soon as possible. My poor brother had involved himself beyond redemption among a parcel of very indifferent characters. Thus my morning was wholly taken up, and after seeing Mr. Degrand upon some investment my father wished to make, I went to see Mr. Brooks, and decided upon going out to see Abby at any rate to day. I therefore went before dinner with him. Found Abby as usual and passed a very pleasant afternoon and evening with her as usual. Conversation about the future and our prospects.
1. Gilbert Stuart’s celebrated portrait of JA in old age, 1823 (now owned by C. F. Adams of Dover, Mass.), and his matching portraits of JQA and LCA painted in 1818 (now owned by Mrs. Arthur Adams of Charles River Village, Mass.).
2. Amory and Silas Conant leased the farm at Weston for $125 a year (JQA, Diary, 28 July 1829; CFA, Accounts as Manager of John Quincy Adams’ Finances, 1828–1846, p. 31, M/CFA/3, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 297).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0028

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-28

Friday. 28th.

Returned to town with Mr. Brooks after writing Mr. Stetson a Note1 to ask him to officiate as the Clergyman. This is not very agreeable to me but I am unwilling to cause any kind of trouble and have therefore consented to be married by a Man for whom I have but little respect. My morning was taken up without my being at the Office much as I was obliged to be in search of the remaining Articles of Furniture for my little Library. I did not succeed however in getting any thing but some Chairs. I then went to see Mr. Cruft about the pictures but could not find him at home. This was a walk for nothing, then to the House where I found that my Carpenter had succeeded in getting the case up, at last, but I regret to think it will not be quite enough. I have however already exceeded my means in this business and must therefore stop.
{ 428 }
Miss Harriet Welsh called to see me and to ask after my mother. I could tell her nothing. She goes tomorrow to Wiscasset and leaves this City no doubt in grief and with regret. I am sorry for her. Change is the spirit of the world. To many it comes in agreeable shapes, to others again it wears a more cloudy aspect. So it is now with her and with me, but the future may pay us both. Returning to the Office, I found that if I wished to get to Quincy I must hurry to reach their dinner. I again went down to see Mr. Sharpe for my Furniture,2 again failed and then started for Quincy. My horse pushed on and I arrived there.
Found that my father had received letters last night from my Mother and John at Philadelphia.3 She was better, and about as well as when I first saw her. May she be better, but futurity presents to me no further interest in her such as the past has been. I have been to her a devoted son and in every thing where I could have attempted to gratify her. She takes but little interest in the connexion which I am forming and which is going to take the place of her own former dues. I regret it, and still more that it has been necessary to take away from me a graceful parting.
The afternoon was rather wasted in looking over my wardrobe and preparing it for removal, and in assorting the Newspapers which have been accumulating ever since I came to Quincy. Evening, Conversation with my father. His expedition to Braintree.
1. Missing.
2. James Sharp, who lived at 426 Washington Street, manufactured ornamental furniture (Boston Directory, 1829–1830).
3. The letter from JA2 is missing.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0029

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-29

Saturday 29th.

Morning to Boston and the Office. Occupied in writing and arranging some affairs for Thursday. Called on Mr. Cruft for those pictures but found him again not at home. I delivered my letter1 to his wife and took the opportunity to pay her a visit long due. This took some time. Mr. Whitney called and paid me a quarter’s rent, which I was very much delighted with, for I have not much money remaining on the Agency. My father came in and delivered me two or three messages and commissions which I performed. But my time passed as usual in that undefined manner which I am so constantly experiencing, being always busy about nothing, or at least what appears to be nothing. My father studiously labours to keep things out of my way too with which to trouble me, and he is exceedingly kind. I took no dinner but some Oysters today and these did not agree with me, which is passing { 429 } strange, for I never knew them to make my head ache before. I went to the House the afternoon and tried to find my Carpenter but he was not there. The Bookcase is coming on slowly and I felt quite discouraged about it’s completion. I succeeded this day in ordering the remainder of my furniture for my room. After these things had all been done I went to Medford and found Abby as usual. Mrs. Brooks still well though not quite so lively as during the week. Evening agreeable.
1. The letter was from JQA (JQA to Edward Cruft, 27 Aug. 1829, LbC, Adams Papers); it directed that the three Stuart paintings be given to CFA.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0030

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-30

Sunday. 30th.

Morning at home. Abby did not go to Meeting, this being the time of probation and we spent the day pretty much together. As the time approaches she begins to feel a little more alarmed and during the whole of today was quite nervous at the idea of leaving her home. It will be quite a trying thing for her I am conscious and this will make it trying to me. But the Rubicon is now too near to think of results until after it is passed. I amused myself reading a few Articles of an old New Monthly which I found in the Library. In the afternoon Mr. Gorham and his son called in to drink tea and take final leave of Abby in her single state. This affected her considerably. She had before the recollections of the past, the associations with home, which endear themselves the more to her as she is about losing their enjoyment forever. But this is a hackneyed topic, and inasmuch as every woman does the same thing it shows that there are more than enough in the opposite balance. I felt myself much more really what I am about, as my Conscience does not altogether bear me out. But I hope and trust and I have been carried through so much, I think now I may look forward joyfully. A very short time now will prove the result.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0008-0031

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-08-31

Monday 31st.

Morning return to town, with Abby whom I left at the House. Then to the Office where I was busy for some time making up my Journal, and performing several little commissions. Then to the House where I found Abby, Anne Carter, Julia Gorham, Mrs. Edward and Mrs. Chardon Brooks. They dropped in one after the other and went out again. I remained wasting my time, much of the morning. But I accomplished my purpose of having the pictures hung which belong to me. They now form quite a goodly collection. That of my Grandfather is invaluable both as a Painting and as a correct likeness of what { 430 } he was in those times. My Mother is a likeness but not a good painting. Her face wears a sorrowful appearance too common to her, and also very fresh now in my recollection. But I shall value that picture as I do her Miniatures as presenting even something of her appearance in those days.1 For hereafter there will be nothing. And I love to think of her as she was, in the midst of her gaiety and her prosperity. My father’s is not good being Stewart’s [Stuart’s] first attempt, but I value it notwithstanding. I would prefer Copley’s at Quincy, but that must remain where it is.2 My own two little ones turn out quite beauties, being properly set off and answer very well in their places.
I lounged away too much time here so that I only gave myself enough afterwards to draw up my Accounts for the month previous to going to Quincy. They show rather a favourable balance since last month. Dined at Quincy. Afternoon passed in making up my House Expense Book and in packing a portion of my Clothes to go to Boston. The doing it was tedious. Evening, Conversation with my father. His Inscriptions with remarks upon the subject generally. I think it tolerably well but the closing line of each has not point enough.3
1. For instance, the miniature of LCA made by J. T. Barber in 1797 shows her as gay and lovely. It is reproduced in Bemis, JQA, vol. 1, facing p. 82.
2. John Singleton Copley’s portrait of JQA, made in London in 1795, is now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. It is reproduced in Bemis, JQA, vol. 1, facing p. 80.
3. See entry for 7 July, and note, above.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0009-0001

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-09-01

Tuesday September 1st.

Morning to town but rather late, having to copy and prepare a number of letters for my Father, and making also some final arrangements before leaving. At the Office, found a Woman there about that business of Farmer’s which is disgusting and disgraceful and the less I see of it the better. Though he is a troublesome and dangerous animal. I wait only for the passage of time. I was then engaged in performing all my other little duties previous to my Marriage. Renewed a policy of Insurance upon the Tenements in Common or Tremont Street for my father and obtained some necessary articles of dress. Drew Accounts due from the Tenants particularly from my very good friend Mrs. Longhurst. Another quarter. She notifies me she will send soon. Thus passed the morning.
In the afternoon I went to the House and filled my last book case. There is much left, which I know not what to do with. And my room is full already. So that I must sell or send them to Quincy. I incline to the opinion I shall try the first and what I cannot sell, I shall send. { 431 } It was a great Parade day, and many people were upon the Common, and the Cannon were noisy.1 I became exceedingly fatigued for it was late before I had finished. This being the last day upon which I shall attempt to exert myself. My books must hereafter be all of them rearranged. For I have at this time followed no method. Enough for the present. I am sick and tired of the Job. I then rode to Medford. Found Abby as usual but I was so tired that I could not exert myself to be lively at all. This made her dull, and we had so stupid an evening, that I concluded it was best to put an end to it early so I retired to bed at a little past nine.
1. The governor reviewed the light infantry, artillery, and cavalry companies of the first division of the Massachusetts militia on the Common. There followed a “sumptuous collation” and a “sham action” (Boston Daily Advertiser, 2 Sept. 1829; Columbian Centinel, 5 Sept. 1829).

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0009-0002

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-09-02

Wednesday 2d.

Morning, early return to Boston calling upon Mr. Bartlett on the way and obtaining the Medford Certificate. The weather was exceedingly warm, and sultry. I wrote my Journal and walked up to the House to see how it looked. But nothing was changed since my visit of yesterday. The workmen not having as yet arrived. I lounged here for some time, Mrs. Frothingham, Mrs. P. Chardon Brooks, and Miss Phillips having come to do their share towards beautifying. Being tired of Indolence I then went down to take a Bath, and enjoyed a great luxury in a warm one. My system seems to be a little out of order by my trip to New York and I thought this might be a benefit to it. I enjoyed it much. Thence I went to my Office feeling very languid. The heat was greater to my feeling than at any other time this season. The air being a hot South wind.
I went to Quincy to dine, it being the last day upon which I shall probably be there in a similar way. In the afternoon I was occupied in packing my things and making the final arrangements here. I regret a little leaving here and this way of life for with many disadvantages it has some pleasures and not a little Independence. But I have views and objects in life other than this loose way allows, and I have affections which are worth cultivating now if ever. My father may miss me a little but my Company has been but little to him this Summer and he has become so attached to his way of life that it has nothing to require in addition. I copied a letter from him to Col. Knapp1 and performed the few last duties which will fall upon me for the present. Evening, rain and lightning after the great heat, the clouds { 432 } passed however, threatening much but performing little. Conversation with my father—Persico and the ornamenting of the Capitol. Few people in this Country are aware of the fact that he is the source of all that is ornamental in the Statuary sculpture about the Capitol. Persico has done well in executing the ideas not his own but how few here know or would give credit if they did to the source from whence the taste really proceeded.2
1. CFA’s copy of JQA’s letter to Samuel Knapp, 2 Sept. 1829, is in JQA’s Letter-books, Adams Papers.
2. For hints of JQA’s contributions toward the sculptured decoration of the United States Capitol, see his Memoirs, 7:20–21; 8:45–46, 81, 123; 9:193.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-02-0005-0009-0003

Author: CFA
Date: 1829-09-03

Thursday. 3rd.

Morning passed in separating all my affairs and living at Quincy. I now take a final leave of the place and launch my bark into a New Sea. Had some conversation with my Father upon his projects of building and arranging his way of life. He now intends to make a fireproof room for his Library and the papers of himself and his father. I see objections to this as it entails the old Mansion upon me in case I should live. But this must be the case I think in any event. And so I must calculate. Then I had some general conversation with him, upon the subject of his Affairs which seem to be looking rather better than they have done. After this I went to Boston. The weather which was so warm yesterday changed this morning and we had a violent North Wester which blinded me fully as I rode into town. I do not think for a long time I have had a more unpleasant ride than during this morning. But it was my last. The morning was passed very quietly at the Office. I did little or nothing having formed as yet no systematic occupation through the day. This must now soon be done.
In the afternoon, after a light dinner, I went to the House, took a Bath, spent an hour at Chardon Brooks’ talking with his Wife and then went to the House to dress. My feelings were of a complicated kind, a little dread mixed with much coolness, and determination to go through what was my task. I dressed in the gay and showy style of a bridegroom, and at six o’clock went down to take up Miss Anne Carter one of the bridemaids, and afterwards Mrs. P. C. Brooks, who also accompanied me out. Our ride was rapid, but we reached there1 late and not until many of the Company had assembled and the Minister had been sent for. The Company was exceedingly private consisting only of the immediate members of the family, Mr. Brooks and his Wife, Edward and his Wife, Chardon and Sidney with their { 433 } Wives, Mr. Everett and Mr. Frothingham with their Wives, Edward Blake and Edmund Quincy, Miss Anne Carter and Henrietta Gray. My father, Thomas B. Adams, Lydia Phillips, Mr. Stetson and his Wife. Mr. Stetson performed the Ceremony with much hesitation, and more difficulty than I could easily imagine possible. But I was not very much overcome and Abby had screwed her courage so strongly that she succeeded wonderfully. Indeed I cannot too warmly admire her conduct through the evening. She was spurred by many motives and acquitted herself to my pride and my satisfaction. Indeed she manifested to me qualities which I have always known to be in her, and for which I have married her. Supper followed and I sat next to Mrs. Sidney Brooks and Lydia Phillips, the two least interesting women in the room to me. It went pretty much as such things usually do. And by midnight we were on our road to town, took possession of our house and there consummated the marriage.
The Rubicon is now passed and I enter into a fresh and new mode of life. I shall therefore begin a new Journal. This event to which we have all been so anxiously looking is over and now the results may be seen. Let me pour out my Soul in prayer and devotion to a most high God, that he may guide me in the right path, that he may sustain me in this responsible station in life, that he may continue to shower down his blessings upon me, and receive the thanks of a grateful but humble heart for the many mercies already received, fit me to perform the part assigned me and lead us through this life to a happier in the succeeding World.
1. Medford.

Docno: ADMS-13-02-03-0002

Chronology

Charles Francis Adams’ Life, 1807–1829

1807   Aug. 18   Born in Boston in the family house which stood across from the Common on the southeast corner of the present Tremont and Boylston streets, occupying part of the site of the present Hotel Touraine.  
1809   Aug.—Oct.   Travels with his parents aboard the Horace to St. Petersburg, where his father serves as Minister to Russia until May 1814. His brothers, GWA and JA2, remain in Boston.  
1813   July   Begins attending Mr. Fishwick’s school in St. Petersburg.  
1815   Feb.—March   Travels overland from St. Petersburg to Paris with his mother to join his father after completion of the latter’s work at Ghent as an American commissioner to negotiate peace with England. In Paris during part of “the Hundred Days,” where he sees Napoleon shortly before Waterloo.  
1815   May   Travels with his parents from Paris to London, where his father serves as American Minister to England. His brothers rejoin the family.  
1815   Aug.   Moves with his family from Cavendish Square to a country house in the suburb of Ealing. CFA and JA2 are placed in Dr. Nicholas’ boarding school in Ealing.  
1817   June—Aug.   Upon the appointment of his father by President Monroe as Secretary of State, returns with his family to New York aboard { 438 } the Washington. They sail on the packet Fame from New York to Providence and proceed by stage to Quincy, arriving on CFA’s tenth birthday, 18 August.  
1817   Sept.   Enrolled in Benjamin A. Gould’s Boston Public Latin School with his brother JA2; they live with Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Welsh.  
1818   Oct. 28   His grandmother, Abigail Adams, dies at the Old House in Quincy.  
1819   Sept.   Moves to Washington to live with his family.  
1819   Oct.   Enrolled in George E. Ironside’s school.  
1820   Jan. 1   His surviving “Index” Diary begins.  
1821   Feb.   Matriculates in Harvard College.  
1824   April   Records his membership in the Society of the Knights of the Order of the Square Table, a Harvard club which later merged with the Porcellian Club.  
1824   June   Elected president of the Lyceum Club, an informal organization of Harvard students who boarded together. Appointed second commandant in the Harvard Washington Corps.  
1825   Feb.   Failing to win a majority of electoral votes in the November election, JQA is elected President by a bare majority in the House of Representatives.  
1825   March   Attends the inauguration of his father as President.  
1825   April   Takes part in a Harvard Exhibition.  
1825   July   Returns to Washington to read law under his father’s tutelage.  
1825   Aug.   Receives his A.B. degree in absentia.  
1826   Feb. 11   Records his first meeting, at a Washington ball, with Abigail Brown Brooks, daughter of Peter Chardon Brooks of Medford, Mass.  
{ 439 }
1825   July 4   His grandfather, John Adams, dies at the Old House in Quincy during the jubilee celebration of national independence.  
1827   Feb. 10   In Washington, proposes marriage to Abigail Brooks.  
1827   March   Becomes engaged to Abigail Brooks. Their courtship correspondence begins.  
1827   Aug.   Returns to Boston to read law in Daniel Webster’s office.  
1827   Oct.   His father consents to correspond with him to guide his career. Becomes a member of a Moot Court in Boston, established by a “Society of Students at Law.”  
1828   Feb. 25   His brother JA2 marries Mary Catherine Hellen in Washington, and they make their permanent home there.  
1828   Aug.   Attends Harvard commencement and receives his M.A. degree.  
1828   Nov.   His father is defeated for reelection to the Presidency by Andrew Jackson. CFA is admitted a member of the Boston Debating Society, a private group. His first newspaper contribution, signed “A Lover of Justice,” is published in the (Boston) Massachusetts Journal.  
1829   Jan.   Admitted to the Suffolk County Bar, and begins to practice in the Court of Common Pleas.  
1829   Feb.   Earns his first fee as a lawyer.  
1829   April 30   His brother GWA is drowned by falling or jumping overboard from the steamship Benjamin Franklin in Long Island Sound.  
1829   June   JQA returns to Quincy; LCA remains in Washington. CFA succeeds GWA as JQA’s business agent.  
1829   Sept. 3   Marries Abigail Brown Brooks at Medford and occupies with her a house provided by her father at 3 Hancock Avenue, “under the shadow of the State House,” on Beacon Hill in Boston.  
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.
http://www.masshist.org/apde2/