A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.

Browsing: Diary of John Adams, Volume 2

Docno: ADMS-01-02-02-0005-0007-0004

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Bass, Joseph
Date: 1775-12-21

[Joseph Bass' Bills to John and Samuel Adams.]1

John Adams Esqr. to Joseph Bass Dr.
AD 1775                  
Sepr. 11   For bording at Mr. Dibleys   0:   8:   5          
Oct.   For one pr. of Quality binding   0   4   0          
  Paid to the Sadler   0   2:   3          
  Paid for triming of the horses   0   5:   0          
  For one Quir of paper   0   3:   6          
  For one Dito   0   3:   6          
  For one stick of sealing wax   0:   1:   0          
  For one Comb   0   2   6          
  For one Quier of paper   0   3:   6          
            £   s   d  
  Pen. Curr.   £1   13   8   =   1:   7:   0  
[signed] Recd. the above Joseph Bass
{ 226 }
Mr. Adamses bill
Mr. Adams Dr. to Joseph Bass
  £   s   d  
To my Wages from 28th. Aug. to 21. Deer. 1775 @ £3 per Month   11:   5:   0  
[signed] Recd. the above in full Joseph Bass
Honl. Samuel Adams, & John Adams Esqr. to Joseph Bass Dr.
AD 1775     £   s   d  
Nor. 8   For travling Charges to Philidelpha   19:   18:   0  
  To one doz of pipes   0:   15:   0  
  For hors hier   1:   3:   9  
Nor. 28   For one doz of pipes   0:   18:   0  
  To half a doz Dito   0:   3:   0  
  To two pound of tobacow   0:   18:   0  
  Old Ten[or]   £23:   15:   9  
Recd. one half of Mr. J. Adams £1:1 is: 6 L.M.
[signed] Joseph Bass
1. M-Ar: vol. 210. Endorsed by JA.

Docno: ADMS-01-02-02-0006-0001-0001

Author: Adams, John
Date: 1776-01-03

1776 Jany. 3d. Wednesday.1

1. This heading without text is the last entry in D/JA/24.
After a week in Braintree JA resumed his seat, 28 Dec., in the Massachusetts Council, which was sitting in Watertown. A payroll record in the Council Papers (M-Ar: vol. 164) indicates that he attended sixteen days between then and 24 Jan., the day before he set out once more for Congress, and was paid £5 10s. 10d. for travel and services. His work on committees was as intense as it had been in Congress; see the Council Journal for this session as printed in Force, Archives, 4th ser., 4:1219–1312. One of his committee assignments led to a very characteristic composition from JA's pen, a proclamation “By the Great and General Court of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay,” dated 23 Jan. 1776 and designed to be read “at the opening of the several Courts of Justice through this Colony, and at Town-Meetings” (Ford, Mass. Broadsides, No. 1973, with facsimile facing p. 272; MS in M-Ar: vol. 138; see Council Journal, Force, Archives, 4th ser., 4:12–46, 1268–1270; Mass., House Jour., 1775–1776, 3d sess., p. 189–92). Others took him to headquarters in Cambridge for consultations with Gen. Washington and formal councils of war. His surviving correspondence with Washington, together with the Council Journal, shows that he was repeatedly at headquarters in January, and the next entry in the Diary records that he dined with a party of officers, including the commander in chief, and their ladies at Cambridge on the day before he started for Philadelphia.

Docno: ADMS-01-02-02-0006-0001-0002

Author: Adams, John
Date: 1776-01-24

1776. January 24. Wednesday.1

Began my Journey to Phildelphia, dined at C[olonel] Mifflins at { 227 } Cambridge with G. Washington, and Gates and their Ladies, and half a Dozen Sachems and Warriours of the french Cocknowaga Tribe, with their Wives and Children. Williams is one, who was captivated in his Infancy, and adopted. There is a Mixture of White Blood french or English in most of them. Louis, their Principal, speaks English and french as well as Indian. It was a Savage feast, carnivorous Animals devouring their Pray. Yet they were wondrous polite. The General introduced me to them as one of the Grand Council Fire at Philadelphia, upon which they made me many Bows, and a cordial Reception.2
1. First entry in D/JA/25 since 30 Oct. 1775. The following entries, through 29 Jan., are from the same booklet.
On 15 Dec. 1775 the General Court elected the two Adamses, Hancock, and Paine to another year's term as delegates to the Continental Congress, but replaced Thomas Cushing with Elbridge Gerry—an action that disturbed conservatives both in Massachusetts and in Congress. See Mass., House Jour, 1775–1776, 3d sess., p. 44; Samuel Adams to James Warren, 8 March 1776, Warren-Adams Letters, 1:211–212. But JA was pleased by it and had the company of Gerry on the road to Philadelphia, where the two arrived on 8 Feb. and took their seats in Congress next day (JA to AA, 11 Feb. 1776, Adams Papers; see also JCC, 4:122).
2. On the Caughnawagas, who had come to offer their services to the Americans, see Washington to Philip Schuyler, 27 Jan. 1776 (Writings, ed. Fitzpatrick, 4:280–281).
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2018.