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Browsing: Diary of John Quincy Adams, Volume 2


Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-25

25th.

Leonard White came from Haverhill again yesterday and called to see me this morning. He informed me that both my brothers were at Haverhill. In the evening I went with him to Dr. Swett's, and pass'd an hour with Little.
I communicated to Little my design of drawing a number of female characters, but I doubt whether it will ever be any thing more than a design.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-26

26th.

At home as usual all the evening. Read a little in Gibbon; wrote in the same slavish way as I have done now for more than three years.
But I feel dull, and low spirited. I have neither, that insatiable ambition, nor that ardor for pursuing the means to gratify it, which not long ago, was an argument which my vanity offered my mind, to prove, that if life should be given me, it would not be, to live unknowing and unknown. I feel no extraordinary inclination for study of any kind. Putnam, reads law as fast, or faster than I do, and if there is to be no alteration in the situation of my mind; he will make greater improvements in his three years, than I shall in mine. Before the cold weather came on, I expected to derive great advantage, from the long winter evenings which were approaching. In my imagination, I had written volumes, and read books without number. Yet so totally different has been the event, that I have written scarcely any thing except what this book contains, and, though I began Gibbon three months ago, I have not got half through the second volume. In my lord Coke, I trudge along, at the rate of about 80 pages a week, and do not understand, a quarter part of that. Yet when I call myself to an account and enquire how I mis-spend my time I do not find a spirit of dissipation in my conduct. I have I believe upon an average, spent one half of my evenings this winter at home; and when I do, I almost always hear the morning Clock. I somewhat suspect, that irregularity is one great cause of my poor success, and as I am peculiarly fond of trying experiments; I will attempt soon to be periodical in my visits at home, and abroad: if this will not do, I can only submit to my fate.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-27

27th.

Heard Parson Carey, the whole day. In the forenoon he was intolerably lengthy, as the weather was very cold. I intended to have visited somewhere this evening, but got engaged in writing to Packard,1 which employ'd me till ten o'clock.
1. Letter not found.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-28

28th.

Mrs. Hooper's family are in great distress. Ben, was brought home dead, last night between twelve and one o'clock, and to make the misfortune as great as possible, there is every reason to suppose, that he was the wilful author of his death. He had been from Town, more than a week, and on Saturday night, he took a quantity of liquid laudanum, at Robertson's tavern in Salem; he died in violent convulsions in the course of the same night. The verdict of the Coroner's jury, it is said, was wilful self murder, but the information is indirect, and therefore not entirely to be depended upon. To his mother the shock must be dreadful. Indeed she seems to have been marked out for misfortune. Her father was formerly one of the wealthiest merchants in this Town; and her education was suitable to his fortune. She married a Mr. Hooper,1 whose circumstances were no less advantageous, and entered, but little more than twenty years ago, upon the stage of the world, with the most pleasing prospects. But her husband, was a man of pleasure, and dissipation, and moreover, opposed to the late revolutions; wherefore he left the Country at the beginning of the late war; and went to England, where he still remains: since that time she has been reduced to the necessity of supporting herself and her three children, by taking boarders. For although several of her husband's nearest connections, are still persons of the greatest affluence, that are in the Town, yet she has never received much assistance from them

Donec eris felix, multos numerabis amicos:

Tempora si fuerint nubila, solus eris.2

She endeavoured to educate her children as well as possible: but a father's care was wanting, and indulgence is the defect even of the most accomplished women. Ben, for several years had followed the sea, and in the fall, was disappointed of sailing with { 353 } Callahan for London. He had been very dissipated and debauched: he found himself destitute of employment; his reputation lost, his means of continuing in the course of life, which he was pursuing, gone, and his resolution insufficient to reform his conduct, he determined to put an end to all the disagreeable feelings, of his mind, and to “die in the bed of honour” as he expressed it. He was scarce nineteen years old.
Such was the deplorable fate of a youth, whose disposition, was such that he would have injured no one but himself, and who might have been an ornament to society, had he been educated under the prudent severity of a judicious father.
They intend to bury him to-morrow, but it is doubtful whether the unfeeling passions of the multitude, will suffer them to make a public funeral.
My brothers Charles and Tom, came into Town this forenoon. After dinner, I took a ride in a sleigh up to Sawyer's, with three of the Bradbury's and Charles: drank tea at Mr. Tufts's. I pass'd the evening and supped at Mr. Jackson's. Dr. Kilham was there, and as usual conversed upon political subjects. Charles spent the evening at Mr. Frazier's but came and lodged with me.
1. Joseph Hooper ended his financial problems by contracting a second—and bigamous—marriage in England. Mary Hooper, whom JQA regularly visited while living in Newburyport, sued for divorce in 1790 (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 15:404–406).
2. “So long as you are secure you will count many friends; if your life becomes clouded you will be alone,” Ovid, Tristia, Bk. I, chap. 9, lines 5–6 (Tristia and Ex Ponto, transl. Arthur Leslie Wheeler, Cambridge, 1959, p. 44, 45).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-29

29th.

It snow'd part of the forenoon; then turn'd to rain, and after making the streets very disagreeable, cleared up in the afternoon. I dined with my brothers at Mr. Bradbury's; we had some conversation upon the subject of Ben Hooper's funeral. I could not agree in sentiment with Mr. Bradbury. I told him that although I abhorr'd the action itself, as much as any one, yet after a man was dead to refuse to attend his funeral, would only be an insult upon the feelings of his friends without being any kind of punishment to him. And indeed I cannot but think that Laws against suicide, are impolitic and cruel for how can it be expected, that human Laws which cannot take hold of the offender personally, should restrain from the commission of this crime, { 354 } the man, who could disregard, the natural and divine Laws, which upon this subject are so deeply imprinted upon the heart? When we consider too how easily such a Law may be evaded, how many ways a man might put a period to his own existence, without exposing himself to the severity of any law that the human fansy could invent, we can only suppose, that these punishments must fall merely upon a thoughtless youth, or upon one ignorant of the existence of such regulations. Mr. Bradbury however thinks differently and is perhaps in the right.
I pass'd about an hour in the evening with Putnam; he then went with G. Bradbury and my brothers, into a company of young Ladies, and I cross'd the street and sat till nine o'clock, with my friend Thompson. Tom lodg'd with me.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-30

30th.

I went up to the office, in the morning, and sat a couple of hours; but I felt restless and dissipated: I could not study, and therefore walk'd down in town and saunter'd about. Dined with G. Bradbury and Charles at Mr. Hooper's. He is very sanguine in his hopes for the adoption of the Constitution.
Pass'd the evening at Mr. Bradbury's. Dr. Smith and all his family were there. We had some music in the beginning of the evening, and afterwards play'd a number of very amusing sports, such as start; what is it like; cross questions, I love my love with an A, and a number more. My opinion of such diversions I have already given: when it was confined to a number of young persons; but that the most inexcusable levities of youth should appear in the garb of old-age is something that calls for more than disapprobation: nor will a grey hair'd trifler excite our pity merely; but must raise our indignation and contempt. Mr. Bradbury however is a very respectable man, and as this conduct has here the sanction of custom, it is not him but the manners of the times that I blame.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0001-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-01-31

31st.

The weather somewhat cold. My brothers dined with me and between 3 and 4 o'clock, we all set off for Haverhill. We got there just after five, a little fatigued. The riding was not bad but in some places the cold had not been strong enough to harden the snow; and the road was sloppy.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-01

Friday February 1st. 1788.

Pass'd a great part of the fore noon at Mr. Thaxter's. He is now quite in the family way: he dined with us at Mr. Shaw's; as did Leonard White and Sam Walker. In the afternoon we rode in a couple of sleighs about 6 miles down upon the river, and return'd just after dark. The party was agreeable; but Walker was an object of great pity. He has ruined his reputation irrevocably; the fairest Life henceforward, could only heal the wound; but the treacherous scar, must forever proclaim in indelible characters, that he once fell. Nor can his dearest friends help acknowledging to themselves, that this is viewing the prospect in its fairest light. To consider the appearances such as they must present themselves to the imagination of one disposed to see objects in their most unfavorable colours, must be shocking to the feelings of every one who was once his friend. He appears to be in a perpetual state of humiliation: he can enter into no satisfaction express'd by the company in which he appears. He can enjoy no amusement, and must feel a conscious inferiority to every one with whom he associates. Yet if he can be recovered at all it must be by softening measures. And those persons who wonder why people keep company with him, and wish rather to insult him, in his distress, are in my opinion to be esteemed but little better than himself. The disposition in human nature, to sink a man that has fallen, still lower than he is, would afford one of the richest themes for a misanthropist.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-02

2d.

I dined with Walker at Mr. Thaxter's. My brother's both dined at Mr. White's. In the afternoon, we rode again in sleighs upon the river as far as we went yesterday. We had a number of songs, somewhat in the Collegiate stile; but in order to be exemplary return'd home quite early in the evening. Mr. Thaxter lives very agreeably, and has retracted his theory with respect to matrimony: and indeed I believe our sex are not less prone than the other to profess a System, which in fact, we wholly disbelieve.
Mrs. Shaw shew me a letter which she has been writing to Walker; and I am in hopes it may have a good effect upon him. If he has any sensibility, or any principles remaining he must be affected by it.
I had with Mr. Shaw some conversation upon the subject of { 356 } the disorders which happened at College, in the course of the last quarter: his fears for my brothers are greater than mine: I am perswaded that Charles did not deserve the suspicions which were raised against him: and I have great hopes that his future conduct, will convince the governors of the University, that he was innocent.1
1. On 29 Nov., after Thanksgiving dinner, a number of students engaged in a disturbance in the college dining hall in which they broke windows and furniture. All students who could not prove that they had left the hall were charged for the damages. Several students, including CA, who served as waiters in the dining hall were especially singled out for not giving evidence against their fellow students concerning the disorder and were dismissed from their jobs (MH-Ar: Faculty Records, 5:278–279).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-03

3d.

I attended meeting twice this day. Mr. Shaw as usual had company in the evening. I conversed with Madam. Charles and Tom went out in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-04

4th.

This morning between seven and eight o'clock my brothers set out to return to Braintree and from thence to Cambridge, as the vacation closes next Wednesday. In the forenoon I went down to see Leonard White, who was not at home. I met him however in the street with Mr. McHard, to whose house we went and sat an hour. I dined at Mr. Shaw's, and at about 4 was on my horse. I got home by dark: though the roads were much worse, than when we went to Haverhill. I found my old Lady, had some company, but they soon went away. I pass'd all the evening at home, quite in low spirits as indeed I have been for a week or ten days past. Not even dissipation has been able to support me. My nerves have got into a disagreeable trim, and I fear I shall be obliged to pay still less attention to books than I have of late. And if that be the case I am sure I must be very ignorant, when I leave the title of a student. It seems very unfortunate that there should be no medium that a man must be a fool or an invalid.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-05

5th.

The weather this day has been extreme cold: I have not experienced the severity of the Season, so much since the winter I pass'd in Sweeden. I pass'd the evening with Townsend and { 357 } Amory at Dr. Smith's. The old man is very fond of telling long stories, and indeed it is quite necessary to attend to him. There are however two young ladies in the house, to whom we attend with much more pleasure. Miss Smith may be 20 years old; She is not handsome; but has a great degree of animation in her eye, and as the want of it appears conspicuous in every other feature the mixture of opposites has a singular effect upon her countenance. Her person is not elegant, nor is her taste in dress such as suits my mind: she has a satyrical turn, and is fond of being esteemed witty. So much I think I can judge from the short acquaintance I have with her. Perhaps at some future period I may be able to say more. Miss Putnam I will mention the next time I fall in company with her.
We play'd at whist about a couple of hours; after which we sung; or attempted to sing; for of all the company Amory, was the only one that could sing so as to give any kind of entertainment.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-06

6th.

The weather has moderated very considerably. In the evening, I walked with Thompson and Putnam, to Little's where we past the evening till 9 o'clock: Quite agreeably without ceremony or restraint.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-07

7th.

This day at about noon, the news arrived in this Town, that the federal Constitution, was yesterday, adopted and ratified by a majority of nineteen members in our State convention.1
In this town the Satisfaction is almost universal: for my own part, I have not been pleased with this System, and my acquaintance, have long-since branded me with the name of an antifederalist. But I am now converted, though not convinced. My feelings upon the occasion have not been passionate nor violent, and as upon the decision of this question I find myself on the weaker side, I think it my duty to submit without murmuring against what is not to be helped. In our Government, opposition to the acts of a majority of the people is rebellion to all intents and purposes; and I should view a man who would now endeavour to excite commotions against this plan, as no better than an insurgent who took arms last winter against the Courts of Justice.
{ 358 }
This afternoon I went in company with a number of young Ladies and gentlemen of this town, upon a sleighing party. We rode about 8 miles into Newbury, and by dark return'd to Sawyer's tavern. After drinking tea, we went to dancing, and excepting supper, continued so till about mid-night. I danced with Miss Coats and Miss Smith; both of whom were very agreeable partners. At twelve we broke up, and return'd home. Thompson came and lodg'd with me. Mr. S. Cutler, came and sat about half an hour with me: he was exceedingly mortified at having overset his sleigh: some of the ladies were affronted, and some affrighted, so that in returning he had somewhat of an uncomfortable time, sweating between two fires. In the company was an Irish gentleman by the name of Hutchinson, a man of genuine wit and humour: and a person of much reading and information. He has a vessel here loading, and expects to sail for Ireland in a week or ten days.
1. The ratification of the Constitution in Massachusetts was a crucial contest between federalist and antifederalist forces; “Had the Constitution lost in Massachusetts,” according to one historian, “it would never have been ratified.” With a few important exceptions, the battle was between the commercial interests along the coast and in towns bordering the Connecticut River that supported the Constitution, and the backcountry, Shaysite sympathizers who wished to defeat ratification. At the beginning of the convention, the antifederalists clearly held a majority of delegates, but eventually, enough were persuaded to vote for ratification or abstain from voting. In the contest federalists gained support by making effective use of their debating skills (their speeches were printed in newspapers throughout the state), using town meetings of ratification sympathizers to help persuade less committed antifederalist delegates, and allowing moderate antifederalists the opportunity to submit to the convention amendments in the form of nonbinding recommendations (Jackson Turner Main, The Antifederalists: Critics of the Constitution 1781–1788, Chapel Hill, 1961, p. 200–209).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-08

8th.

This afternoon the delegates from Newbury, and from this town, returned home from Convention. A number of very respectable citizens, and a number, who were not very respectable, went out on horse-back to meet the members and escort them into Town; as they came along, the bells at the different churches were set to ringing, and this noisy expression of joy, was continued with some intermissions till 8 o'clock in the evening. The mob huzza'd and one would have thought that every man from the adoption of the Constitution had acquired, a sure expectancy of an independent fortune.
I pass'd the evening at home in reading and writing.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-09

9th.

Mr. Parsons gave me this morning a packet of Letters, which I have been expecting these five weeks. There was however but one short Letter from Europe.1
In the afternoon Amory went for Salem. I took a ride with Townsend, S. Cutler, J. Greenleaf, Prout, Thompson, and three or four Ladies in a sleigh: we rode out as far as Mr. Dalton's farm: and after taking something of a circuitous rout, return'd and took tea at Sawyer's. After passing an hour we all return'd to Town. I spent the evening at Mrs. Hooper's. It was the first time I had been there since her misfortune. She bears it well, though frequent sighs rise deep from her breast. Mr. L. Jenkins was there; a good, honest, simple soul, without the least kind of harm in him. Miss Lucy Knight was there too. She has a very amiable countenance, a fine form and a benevolent disposition. Townsend says she has no sensibility, and I think her countenance wants some of that expression, which communicates the charm of sympathy to our souls. She may be possessed of many virtues, and if so will attract my esteem, and respect; but she is incapable of loving, and therefore could never be an object of love to me. A young fellow by the name of Rogers, for a year and a half paid the closest attention to her; and when it was daily expected that they would be published, he suddenly left her, and neglected her entirely; she wrote him a letter containing a dismission, and appears not to have had a disagreeable sensation upon the subject ever since. A disposition like this certainly smooths the path of life; but at the same time it certainly serves to make it narrow and contracted.
1. These letters probably included William Cranch to JQA, 22–27 Jan.; John Murray Forbes to JQA, 19 Jan.; Nathaniel Freeman to JQA, 27 Jan.; and possibly AA to JQA, 12 Oct. 1787, the only extant letter from Europe at this time (all Adams Papers). Any others remain unidentified.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-10

10th.

I went with Townsend in the forenoon to hear Parson Tucker; he gave us an excellent discourse from, Ecclesiastes VII. 17. Be not over much wicked. Neither be thou foolish. Why shouldest thou die before thy time? Without alluding to the late circumstance of Hooper's death, it appeared plainly that the sermon was dictated by that occasion; and it was very well adapted; he particularly exhorted his hearers to avoid scenes of debauchery, { 360 } of lewdness and intemperance, and with his usual liberality and ability, recommended the opposite virtues. I did not attend meeting in the afternoon; but wrote a little, and read a great deal as very frequently happens with me.
Townsend past the evening and supp'd with me. I have done keeping late hours. I find they are wholly incompatible with my health. I have of late, several times, after setting up at writing till one or two o'clock in the morning, been utterly incapable of getting any sleep the whole night. My nerves have got into an unhappy tone, and I am obliged to desist from continued application. My spirits for sometime have been low, and I have felt an incapacity of enjoyment, but that is now wearing off, and I am in hopes, that before long I shall again be able to resume at least as much diligence as I have been used to.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-11

11th.

We have had this day very little studying in the office. Mr. Parsons is so fond of telling of all the manoeuvres which they used in and out of convention, that he has given the same story to every body that came into the office through the course of the day. He mentions with great complaisance, the formidable opposition that was made, as it naturally enhances the merit of the victory. He speaks with pleasure of every little trifling intrigue, which served to baffle, the intentions of the antifederalists; though many of them to me exhibit a meanness which, I scarcely should expect a man would boast. Mr. Parsons makes of the science of politics the science of little, insignificant intrigue, and chicanery. These principles may possibly meet with success sometimes; but it is my opinion that fair, open and candid proceedings, add an influence, as well as a lustre to the most brilliant capacity.
I called just before dark to see Mr. Hutchinson, but he was not at his lodgings: I then went home, took my flute, and went to see Putnam: with whom I play'd a number of tunes: Frank Bradbury was there. Between 9 and 10 we both came away. I got home with some difficulty, as the walking in the streets is excessively slippery.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-12

12th.

In the beginning of the evening I called upon Mr. Hutchinson, and look'd over his music: he plays on the flute, and has a good { 361 } collection of musical books: I found Townsend and Amory there. Between 7 and 8 I went to Mr. Bradbury's where I found a number of the young gentlemen and Ladies dancing: I took a share in the diversion, which we continued till midnight, when I returned home. I danced with Miss Nancy Jenkins, a very pretty girl, about 17. Not entirely free from affectation.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-13

13th.

This afternoon I had something of a long conversation upon the subject of the ball, which is intended to be on Thursday. He had determined not to go; but upon consideration of several circumstances, which I mentioned to him, he came to an alteration in his sentiments: he was something piqued, at not having an invitation to join our party last week: but when I informed him of the reason, for which he was neglected, he was satisfied with its validity. He1 and Thompson pass'd the evening with me; Little ought to have been of the party; but Miss Cazneau, had engaged him to go with her to Captain Fletcher's.
1. “Thompson and Putnam with me” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-14

14th.

I attended at the office only in the forenoon; the after part of the day being employ'd in rigging for the ball.1 I had sent a billet to Miss H. Greenleaf requesting the honor of waiting upon her. She was not engaged, and I was taken at my word; which will teach me to be sincere. It was late before I could get a carriage, and when I went for my Lady, I found, all the rest of the family were gone: which was against me again.
The ball rooms were too small. Not one quarter of the Ladies could dance at a Time. I danced enough myself, and made out to affront three or four Ladies, which is much in my favour. Townsend took cold in making the preparations for this ball, and was so unwell, that at about 11 o'clock, he went home and consigned his Lady, Miss L. Knight, to me. She being very agreeable, was upon the whole I believe, more the object of my attentions than another Lady: this cannot now be helped and whatever is, is right.2
Between 3 and 4 in the morning, the remainder of the com• { 362 } pany retired; Putnam lodged with me. The party was perfectly agreeable.
1. The Federal Ball (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).
2. “And, spite of Pride, in erring Reason's spite,/One truth is clear, Whatever is, is right” (“An Essay on Man,” Epistle 1, lines 293–294).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-15

15th.

We indulged ourselves this morning till almost twelve o'clock before we rose.
I called at the office; and pass'd about half an hour there. I felt rather dissipated, and somewhat indisposed for study. In the afternoon when I called at the office, I found Mr. Wendell there. A singular eccentric character with whom I was acquainted, while I was in College, and whom I have probably mentioned before now. He still persists in his singularities, and in walking from Boston the day before yesterday froze, one of his feet.
Townsend is quite unwell; has an uncomfortable cough, and sore throat, but he went with me to visit several of the Ladies, who were of the company last evening. We first called at Captain Coombs's, where we found only Miss Nancy Jenkins. She holds her head too stiff for elegance, and has read too many novels; which render her manners rather fantastical and affected. We stopped a few moments to see Miss Coats; who was well, and we then went to Judge Greenleaf's, where we drank tea. Here were young Ladies, I had almost said innumerable: a choice, of every complextion, and probably of every disposition, among them all Miss Derby has the most promising appearance, but she, in company is reserved. The Judge talk'd about religion and politics, and Mrs. Greenleaf pass'd encomiums upon the british Constitution; but the young Ladies were all silent. We took our departure quite early, and I pass'd the remainder of the evening at Mrs. Hooper's, where I found Miss Knight and Mr. Cutler.
Learnt to play quadrille.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-16

16th.

The most violent snow storm, that has appeared in the course of the winter, it began in the night, and continued, all this day. In the evening it cleared up.
Townsend was not out. Amory and I dined with Mr. Parsons. Captain Hodge likewise was of the company.
{ 363 }
I wrote a Letter in the afternoon; or rather part of a Letter to W. Cranch.1 From the office, we went, and pass'd an hour with Mrs. Jackson; where we found Mr. Wendell, feasting upon his apples and nuts. He slept last night in Mr. J. Tracey's green house; which is entirely unprotected from the inclemency of the Season; and the better to enjoy the benefits of the open air, he stripp'd himself entirely naked. He converses in the same style, that he did a year ago; and appears to me, too consistent for a distracted person, as many suppose him to be.
We spent the remainder of the evening at Dr. Smiths. I made an apology to Miss Smith, for a blunder, which took place at the ball: she appeared plainly to be offended, but was satisfied after I had made my explanation: I know not whether to like or to dislike this girl: but perhaps Time will supply me with the means of information.
At supper Amory was excessively diverted with the appearance of a Bologna Sausage, which the Doctor introduced, and which Mr. Cutler observed would be ripe in June. After Supper I got seated next to Miss Putnam, and entered into Conversation with her. I found her inclined to flattery, a defect, not uncommon, among our young Ladies; and I answered her in her own way, as I always do. When a Lady pays me a compliment, I always consider myself indebted to her untill I return one, at least of equal value; and I am generally so good a creditor, that I pay with large interest. I have even once or twice in my life so far surpassed a Lady in that way, as to silence her, and make her ashamed of attacking me with those weapons: but I never flatter a Lady that I esteem.
1. Dated 16 Feb. (owned by Dr. Eugene F. DuBois of New York in 1957).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-17

17th.

Parson Carey is very sick; and consequently we had no meeting: so I staid at home; wrote a long Letter to my friend Fiske,1 and a page or two some ways back in this book. In the evening I went to Mrs. Hooper's to see Townsend, whom I found very hoarse, and with a bad cough. I pass'd the evening there, as likewise did Mr. S. Cutler. Within these two years Townsend has lost two brothers and a Sister by consumptions, and it is much to be feared that he himself will be subject to the same misfortune: I am in hopes however, that by their fate, he will be warn'd to { 364 } take such care of himself, as will preserve his life and lengthen his days; for I feel a great degree of friendship for him.
1. Letter not found.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-18

18th.

After passing the day at the Office, I went and pass'd the evening at Mrs. Hooper's. Townsend's cough hangs upon him, but he is getting better. We play'd quadrille till supper time. Miss Knight is still there; she is very handsome, and very amiable; yet not very interesting.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-19

19th.

Called upon Putnam after leaving the office, and passed the evening at his lodgings: I have a greater regard for this young fellow than I had when at College. He is friendly and good-natured, and pursues his studies with diligence and attention. Perhaps indeed that now the warmth of emulation has subsided, and we can in no instance be rivals neither he nor I view each other in the same light, that we did nine months ago.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-20

20th.

Mr. Parsons went yesterday to Boston, to attend the supreme Judicial Court.
This evening I past with Thompson, at Mrs. Emery's. Miss Smith and Miss Putnam were there. We play'd cards about an hour; after which Miss Emery play'd us a number of tunes very agreeably upon the harpsichord. I had another match with Miss Putnam at complimenting, and succeeded tolerably well.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-21

21st.

Mrs. Emery and her daughter were going to Exeter this morning in a single sleigh. Dr. Kilham and I after greatly debating the question had likewise determined to go: so we agreed to divide; the Doctor went with Mrs. Emery, and I with the young lady. It was just eleven o'clock when we started; and the roads were so difficult, that we did not get to Exeter till three. Nor the other sleigh till five. After sitting down my companion I went and dined, and then immediately proceeded to the meeting-house { 365 } where the State Convention for the State of New-Hampshire were debating upon the subject of the federal Constitution. I found Mr. Pickering a member from Portsmouth zealously, though I cannot add very forcibly arguing for the good cause. Several other members spoke; but none of them, in my opinion much to the purpose: They have gone through the System by paragraphs: and are now considering it generally.
I found Mr. Shaw, Mr. Thaxter and a number more of our Haverhill friends there, and pass'd the evening with them at Mr. Peabody's; a friend of the Doctor's; where we lodg'd; for there was not a bed to be had at any of the public houses. We were disappointed of an assembly this evening as we expected; and the debates I really think were not worth the ride, in a cold day; but the satisfaction of riding with an amiable girl; and the novelty of the town which I never saw before, will in some measure compensate for the failure of my expectations.1
1. In JQA's line-a-day Diary at the bottom of the page after the entry for 22 Feb. is a second entry dated 21 Feb.: “Mr. Atkins. Sci: fa: bail” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-22

22d.

I attended to hear the debates in convention again, this forenoon. Mr. Langdon1 began by making a motion that the Convention should adjourn to some future day: But said he would waive his motion if any gentleman had further observations to make upon the System. Mr. Atherton,2 the leader of the opposition rose, and in a speech of more than an hour recapitulated every objection that he could invent against the constitution. He observed that confederation was derived from the Latin word foedus; and that consolidation was a metaphorical expression borrowed from the operations of chemistry; these were two of his most ingenious ideas, and upon the whole I think he may candidly be pronounced a miserable speaker, and a worse reasoner.
A reverend Parson Thirston3 spoke as long, and as little to the purpose on the other side. He talk'd of France's demanding her money with the dagger in her hand; and of Britain's sending 50 sail of the line and 60,000 men to take New Hampshire But did not even attempt to support the plan, upon the fair and honourable basis of rational argumentation. When these two gentlemen had exhausted the resources of their lungs, the motion for an ad• { 366 } journment was again brought upon the carpet. This was the offspring of the fears of the federal party; and was faintly opposed by the other faction, who appeared to be equally fearful of the event; though more confident in their numbers. The vote for adjournment however was carried by a trifling majority. The time and place at which they should meet again, was a subject of some conversation; but finally the third Wednesday in June, and Concord were agreed upon.
We dined at Mr. Peabody's. Dr. Kilham was troubled with the impertinence of one Hopkinson, a distracted fellow, who came, and pretended to call him to an account for coming and intermeddling with concerns, in which he was not interested. A little after three we got into the sleigh, and between 6 and 7. cross'd the river from Salisbury.
I immediately went to Thompson's: I found Little there, and Putnam came in soon after: we pass'd the evening in sociable chat till 9 when I returned home.
1. John Langdon, delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia (DAB).
2. Joshua Atherton, a lawyer from Amherst, N.H. (Joseph B. Walker, A History of the New Hampshire Convention for the... Federal Constitution..., Boston, 1888, p. 15).
3. Rev. Benjamin Thurston, minister at North Hampton, N.H. (same, p. 9).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-23

23d.

When I went to the office this morning I found young Pickman of Salem there. I was acquainted with him somewhat in Europe, and I believe he is mentioned in the first volume of this repository.1 (repository!) He has been studying more than two years in Mr. Pynchon's office; and proposes now to pass five or six months in Mr. Parsons's. And I shall be very happy in this additional companion, as Townsend and Amory are both soon to leave the Town.
I pass'd the evening at home, and my friend Little spent it with me.
Wrote nothing, though it was very necessary.
1. See entry and note for 27 Feb. 1785 (above).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-24

24th.

Mr. Carey is still very sick, and we had no divine service this day at his meeting. I again pass'd the whole day at home; I was { 367 } tired in the evening, and took a walk as far as Deacon Thompson's; and desired Tom, to come, and pass an hour with me which he did.
I called at Putnam's, but he was not at home....1 I wrote diligently in the course of the day, and acquired some little credit.
1. JQA's ellipses.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-25

25th.

Pass'd the evening at Merrill's, with Mr. Hutchinson: and had some very agreeable musical entertainment. Mr. H. is a performer upon the flute, and has a good collection of books. He has been waiting a fortnight or three weeks for favorable winds to sail for Ireland. Captain Cazneau, and Captain Casey were there part of the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-26

26th.

This forenoon while I was at the office I received a billet from Mr. Dalton, with an invitation to spend the evening at his house. Between six and seven I went, and was introduced into a room full of Ladies, with no other gentleman, but the master of the house. The situation was not perfectly agreeable, but I was relieved by a proposal of cards. I sat down to a game of whist with Mrs. Jones, a Lady from Boston, Mrs. Marquand, and Fanny Jenkins, who soon after resigned her seat to Miss Dalton, emphatically so called even by her parents which is rather unusual, but a custom which is claiming introduction. Major Greenleaf and Mr. Hooper came in before supper; which was at about ten o'clock, and which was formal, cerimonious, and consequently elegant. The company gradually retired after supper, and between eleven and twelve, Mr. Hooper gave me a place in his sleigh and I came home. The narrative is about as uninteresting as the scene. I found myself in the midst of a large company of Ladies, with none of whom I had an acquaintance sufficient to warrant an agreeable familiarity. I soon got seated at a card table, with Ladies whom I did not sufficiently admire. Mrs. Jones,1 is young, uncommonly handsome, and having received her education in Europe, is the arbiter of taste, and propriety in the complicated science of female fashions. To be insensible to all these advantages would have the appearance of stupidity or { 368 } of ingratitude; and Mrs. Jones takes every opportunity to show how free she is from such vices. Soon after we sat down she complained that her gloves pinched her arm excessively; and with some difficulty pulling one of them off, she exhibited, an arm, the beautiful contour and snowy whiteness of which, might fire the imagination of a sensual voluptuary, but which I unfortunately did not think of admiring till it was too late; on the forefinger of the hand; sparkled, a costly diamond, which demanded its share of observation, and perhaps in the mind of a polite spectator might revive a question often debated, upon the mutual pretensions of Nature and of art, to the superiority of beauty. Mrs. Marquand equally professes, to dictate the laws of fashion; but could not stand her ground against the irresistible power of the other Lady, who could silence her in a moment, by the resources which she drew from her English Education.
Miss Jenkins, she observed, looked very much like Mrs. Siddons; and if there is in fact not the most distant likeness, yet the remark might convince us that Mrs. Jones had seen that justly celebrated actress. The only particular in which she varies from the manners of the english Ladies, is in her ardent affection for her husband. He left her here yesterday being called by his business to Boston; but is expected here again to-morrow. Yet though this absence is so short, yet she could not hear his name mentioned without fetching a deep sigh: she anxiously enquired for an opportunity to send a Letter to him: and when somebody imprudently suggested that perhaps Mr. Jones would not return till Thursday; she held her handkerchief to her eyes, to conceal the involuntary tear, which was undoubtedly excited by the distressing idea.
A number of other circumstances similar to those related, concurred to form the opinion which I entertain of Mrs. Jones's character, and these anecdotes may exhibit it perhaps better than the most laboured description that I could write.
This Lady has taken so much of my time and of my volume; that I must really wait for other opportunities to speak of the other Ladies; who were Judge Greenleaf's daughters, Miss Prince, and Miss Derby; Mrs. Coffin, and Miss S. Jenkins, besides Mr. Dalton's own daughters, who tell up, well.
1. Possibly Abigail Grant Jones, wife of John Coffin Jones, a Boston merchant formerly of Newburyport (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 17:49–54).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-27

27th.

Mr. Hutchinson sailed yesterday for Ireland. The weather for several days past has been quite moderate; but this afternoon blew up very cold again. I pass'd the evening with Townsend and Pickman at Dr. Sawyer's. Play'd quadrill with Mrs. Sawyer and Mrs. Hay; the family is very agreeable.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-28

28th.

The severity of the weather has been increasing, and is this night but little inferior to the greatest extremities of the winter. Our social club, met this evening at Little's. The walk was rather long, and bleak; but our enjoyment was sufficient to compensate for that. Notwithstanding Mrs. Jones's opinion, I confess I do not dislike clubs. I think they may be sociable and friendly without being slavish.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0002-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-02-29

29th.

A number of us spent the evening at Dr. Swett's. I play'd on the flute, an hour or so.
I have heretofore mentioned Mrs. Swett. The Doctor perhaps may come under the denomination of a reformed rake: in his youth he was wild; but he has become quite a useful man: Such instances are rare!

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-01

Saturday March 1st. 1788.

The weather is very severe: The month comes in like a Lion, and according to the farmer's proverb it must go out like a Lamb. I passed my evening in contemplation, and in writing at home; and have very Little to say for this day.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-02

2d.

We had no meeting at Parson Carey's. I was employ'd in writing all the forenoon; but after dinner, went to hear Mr. Spring. The speculative sentiments of this gentleman, upon religion, are not such as I should admire. They may I think safely be called illiberal; though I am sensible such charges, are not in general very liberal. He has adopted all the fancies of the Hop• { 370 } kintonian sect1 as they are called. These people while they profess to found their system entirely upon disinterested benevolence, by what appears to me a strange inconsistency, suppose that it may be agreeable to the general plan of the supreme being, to condemn to eternal torments all the human race except such as have experienced the effect of saving grace; The point upon which Mr. Spring continually harps; is that holiness consists in a total exemption from all selfish ideas, and that all sin originates in selfishness. I suppose he has not preach'd a sermon these ten years without introducing those favorite sentiments: his repetitions are so frequent; that they become very tiresome, to one whom they cannot convince. But his delivery is very agreeable; there is an earnestness and a solemnity in his manner which I wish I could find in preachers whose doctrines are more comformable to my ideas of truth.
1. Named after Samuel Hopkins, minister at Newport, R.I., and a disciple of Jonathan Edwards; Hopkins' conservative religious doctrines were an important foundation of the New Divinity theological tradition in the latter part of the 18th century (Sydney E. Ahlstrom, A Religious History of the American People, New Haven, 1972, p. 407–409).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-03

3d.

The weather continues extreme cold. The river is fast as low as this Town, and many persons have this day cross'd it upon the ice. Townsend set out to go with me this evening to Mrs. Emery's; but would not go in when he found there was company there. It was Judge Greenleaf s family. We play'd at cards and backgammon as usual; and between ten and eleven, I came home. Miss Prince, is not handsome, but sociable: she is generally called sensible and very agreeable; but I have imbibed an unaccountable prejudice unfavourable to her, from the appearance of her person and manners: perhaps I ought not to commit such a weakness to writing; but indeed it is a weakness from which I believe very few persons can boast of being free. Miss Derby is handsome: but her beauty is stern and forbidding: she is reserved and unsociable: her manners are not wholly exempt from the appearance of pride. But the effects of this passion, and of modest diffidence, so different from it, are similar in appearance, and when the causes of conduct, may be various the most { 371 } favourable construction is always the best. The Miss Greenleaf's ——.1
1. Thus in MS.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-04

4th.

Doctor Kilham, went to Boston this day to attend the general court. His opposition to the federal constitution, has made him so unpopular in this town, that I do not expect he will be chosen as representative at the next election, and he may I think with this Session, take his leave of the legislative body for the present. I passd the evening with Townsend and Thompson at Mrs. Atkins's. The justice was not at home: between 7 and 8 o'clock, we were alarm'd by the cry of fire; but it was extinguished, before we got to the house.
While the Doctor is absent, I shall read more than I can when he is here: The intervals between the hours which I pass at the office, I usually spend in conversation with him; when he is gone I devote them to reading. I have taken up the second volume of Gibbon, which I have for a long time laid aside; and I am determined to try again to get through this book. I have possessed it several years, and have been all the time just about to read it, but it has been like the hinge of Tristram Shandy's door. Never done, because it could be done at any time.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-05

5th.

I pass'd the evening with Thompson and Putnam at Mr. Bradbury's. Frank came from Boston this morning, and bro't an account of the interment of his Honor Thomas Cushing Esqr. who died last week. He has been lieutenant governor of this Commonwealth, ever since the establishment of the Constitution; and it is probable, there will be a vast deal of electioneering intrigue, for the diverse candidates for the place.
The paper also contains an extract from the concluding Letter of the third volume in defence of the american Constitutions, which speaks very favourably of the System proposed by the federal Convention... I did not expect it, and am glad to find I was mistaken, since, it appears probable, the plan will be adopted....1 We play'd cards an hour or two and then amused { 372 } ourselves with music. There were several young Ladies present, Miss Harriet's companions; a sett that are almost always together, and who have at least more personal beauty, than any equal number of other unmarried Ladies in this town.
Miss Wigglesworth,2 is about 17. Her stature is rather diminutive; but smallness is said to be one of the essential requisites of prettiness; Her features are regular, and her shape admirably proportioned. Her disposition is said to be amiable; but she talks very little. The greatest defect which I have observed in her is a frequent smile, which is certainly either unmeaning, or insulting. The only method I can pursue, when I catch her eye is to smile too; and by this means put her out of countenance. Thus much for the present; I will take some other opportunity to mention the other stars that form this constellation.
1. JQA's ellipses here and above. Written by JA to WSS on 26 Dec. 1787, the letter appeared in the Massachusetts Centinel printed on this date (JA, A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America, 3 vols., London,1787–1788,3:502–506).
2. Probably Sarah Wigglesworth, the daughter of Col. Edward Wigglesworth of Newbury port (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 15:129–133).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-06

6th.

We met in the evening at Putnam's chamber. I did not pass my time so agreeably as I usually do these evenings. Townsend and Amory were there, and instead of devoting our hours to free and unrestrained conversation, we lost them in playing on the violin, and flute. Between 9 and 10 we retired.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-07

7th.

The weather begins to abate of its severity; yet people cross'd the river on the ice all this day. Townsend and Pickman this afternoon went to Salem. I was at home all the evening and Thompson spent part of it with me. He intends to quit his school, in three or four weeks; and I hope I shall then enjoy more of his company.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-08

8th.

I this day got through, my folio of Lord Coke, which has been hanging heavy upon me, these ten weeks. It contains a vast deal of Law learning; but heaped up in such an incoherent mass that { 373 } I have derived very little benefit from it. Indeed I think it a very improper book to put into the hands of a student just entering upon the acquisition of the profession. I am perswaded I might have spent the Time which has been employ'd in reading this book, to much better advantage, and that a twelvemonth hence I could have read it in less time and with more profit: but if this be the case how much more laborious must the study have been, when this was the only elementary book of the profession. The addition of Wood's Institutes and more especially of Blackstone's commentaries, has been an inestimable advantage of the late students in the profession.
In the afternoon I read a few pages in Blackstone and the contrast was like descending from a rugged, dangerous and almost inaccessible mountain, into a beautiful plain, where the unbounded prospect on every side presents the appearance of fertility. I read with more advantage than usual, as I was wholly alone in the office, all day. I spent the evening in my own room, uninterrupted by any intrusion. I proceed in the second volume of Gibbon, about fifty pages a day.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-09

9th.

Parson Carey got out to meeting this forenoon; but he was still so weak, that the effort was too great: he was scarcely able to get through the morning exercises: and in the afternoon the church was again destitute. I went to hear Parson Spring rattle away upon disinterested benevolence, and pass'd the evening at home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-10

10th.

Pass'd the evening and supped with Thompson at Dr. Sawyer's. Mr. Russell was there: he came from Portsmouth this morning and returns to Boston with Mrs. Hay, to'morrow. We play'd Quadrill. Mr. Farnham took an hand; and is skilled, in all the trifling conversation of a card-table. Every one, it is said possesses1 his peculiar excellence. Mr. Farnham's talent lies in the science of politeness. He understands to perfection all the nice and subtle distinctions between confidence and assurance, between ease of behaviour and familiarity, between elegance, and foppery &c. A science in which I am very ignorant, as in all others.
1. That is, is acquainted with (OED).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-11

11th.

Townsend and Pickman, returned, this afternoon from Salem. Townsend, has been on to Boston and to Medfield; he brought me two or three Letters.1 I passed the evening with Thompson at Captain Coombs's. Mr. Cutler came in, soon after us. There are several young Ladies there. The Miss Coombs's are neither of them handsome, and I have not sufficient acquaintance with them to form an accurate opinion. Fanny Jenkins is perhaps twenty one. A countenance more amiable than beautiful is her greatest personal ornament, she is not tall enough to have an elegant form, but when she smiles such a lovely disposition beams in her eyes that no one could wish her more handsome: she talks much, and tolerably well, but when a young Lady has so excellent a temper,

“Let her speak and whatever she say,

Methinks I should love her the more.”

Her sister Nancy, is about seventeen. She is tall and beautiful in countenance and in the form of a person, not less sociable, but less sensible than Fanny. She has read too many novels; her expressions are romantic, and her ideas are far otherwise. Her disposition is I believe good; and a few years may cool her down, to an agreeable sensible girl: now, it may suffice to say she is young: But after all, the best object for description is Mr. Cutler. He is somewhat singular, but it requires a much longer acquaintance, to form a just opinion of the character of a man, than of a woman: the distinguishing traits are deeper and much more numerous. For which reason and some others I will defer speaking of Mr. Cutler, to some future opportunity.
1. Among these may have been Cotton Tufts to JQA, 5 March (Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-12

12th.

I Dined with Townsend at Mrs. Hooper's. Amory went to Portsmouth on Monday, with several of his friends. They return'd this day to dinner at Davenport's. We called to see them; and sat with them drinking and singing till five o'clock, when they went for Ipswich. I pass'd the evening with Pickman, at Doctor Smith's. Townsend, went there with us, but found himself so unwell, that he went home very early. His cough has re• { 375 } turn'd, with several disagreeable symptoms. I fear exceedingly, that he is not long for this world.
We play'd whist an hour or two at Dr. Smith's and between 10 and 11. retired.1
1. JQA also mentions a “Perkins” in his line-a-day entry (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-13

13th.

Thompson, Pickman and Little, pass'd the eve at my lodgings: Townsend, was so unwell, that he could not come, and Putnam, went home some days since, and has not yet return'd. The office, for a week past, has been tolerably clear; and I have made considerable progress in Blackstone.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-14

14th.

Mr. Parsons return'd this afternoon from Boston, where the supreme judicial Court, and the general assembly are now sitting. I called with Pickman, to see Townsend, who is now confined to the house; and pass'd an hour or two with him: And for this day I have nothing more to say.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-15

15th.

I called this evening at Putnam's lodgings, and pass'd an hour or two with him. He went home last Sunday intending to be absent about a week; but he return'd yesterday, without compleating his visit. I told him some time ago, that I expected he would not be absent long from this town with any satisfaction to himself. He says he is happy as the day is long. He admires Newbury-Port exceedingly, and never enjoy'd himself more, than he has for the six months past. He says he is not in Love, and that is not the least reason, from which I conclude that he is. A young Lady similar in her manners, and perhaps in her disposition to him, has engaged his affections; and the schemes which he forms to be in company with her, and the manifest fondness which appears when he is with her, more than outweigh his declarations, which in cases less justifiable than the present, are not always consistent with truth.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-16

16th.

In the forenoon I attended at Mr. Carey's meeting. The man that appeared in the pulpit I concluded very soon, was a son of Dartmouth. All was common-place: his ideas were trifling, his language was inelegant and his manner, was an unsuccessful attempt to the florid. He apostrophised Innocence, and said she was charming. In short he appeared to me to have all the defects without one of the excellencies of a youthful irregular imagination. After meeting was over I heard his name was Oliver,1 and that he is settled at Beverley. I had quite enough of him in hearing him once, and therefore in the afternoon I went to hear Mr. Spring, who entertained me much better, though, I am not a great admirer of his doctrine.
1. Daniel Oliver, Dartmouth 1785, minister at the Second Church of Beverly (Sprague, Annals Amer. Pulpit, 2:43).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-17

17th.

Mr. Parsons held a court this forenoon at ten; and at the same hour I attended at Mr. Atkins's, with several actions, brought before him. Mr. Parsons in the afternoon went from home to return to Boston. I pass'd the evening at Mrs. Hooper's. Play'd quadrill as usual.1
1. JQA adds, in his line-a-day entries, “Townsend unwell” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-18

18th.

I am sinking again into the same insipidity which I have so often lamented. The circumstances which daily occur, are now more than ever alike, for I not only spend the whole day in the same occupation at the office; but as Townsend is unwell, and confined to his lodgings I pass almost all my evenings with him: We have no news stirring of any kind, and as Dr. Kilham said to me, a short time before he went to Boston, “I am tired to death, of seeing one day only the dull duplicate of another.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-19

19th.

The weather was dull, gloomy, and part of the day rainy. Amory invited me to dine with him and Stacey and Azor Orne at Davenport's, but I did not feel inclined that way. I call'd at Mrs. { 377 } Hooper's in the evening and spent a couple of hours with Townsend. The lads who dined at Davenport's warm'd themselves so well with Madeira, that at about seven o'clock this evening, they all set out upon an expedition to Cape-Ann, to attend a ball there this night. Twenty seven miles in such weather and such roads after seven o'clock at night, to attend a ball, would look extravagant in a common person; but it is quite characteristic of Amory.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-20

20th. Thursday.

We met this evening at Thompson's. Pickman came; but rather late in the evening. Young Sawyer was there likewise: he spends the present quarter at home, by order of the college government.1 I have not a very high opinion of his abilities; still less of his improvements, and least of all of his moral character. One thing however may be said in his favour. He is handsome in his person. His father is a very respectable, worthy man, and the family to which he belongs is very agreeable.2
1. Sawyer had been rusticated since December for disorderly behavior at the college, but was restored in May (MH-Ar: Faculty Records, 5:289–290, 302).
2. On the top of the following page in the Diary, JQA has written: “N B. this opinion of Sawyer did him great injustice. April 1790.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-21

21st.

I can read tolerably well when I am alone in the office, and make as much progress in one day, as I can sometimes in a week, when all the other gentlemen are here. I have read through the first volume, and have made some progress in the second of Blackstone...1 And I read it I think with more advantage, than I did the first time; but my progress is slow; too slow.2
1. JQA's ellipses.
2. In his line-a-day entry, JQA mentions “Mrs. Hooper's. Evening” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-22

22d.

Amory and Stacey, return'd from their expedition: They got to Cape-Ann at about twelve on Wednesday night, and were about two hours at the ball. On Thursday they proceeded to Marblehead, and attended at the assembly which was held there: Last Night they patrol'd the streets of Salem, serenading the houses, and came home this afternoon compleately fatigued. { 378 } Mr. Parsons arrived in town too this morning from Boston, and held a court, for taking cognizance of Mr. Atkins's actions.
Pickman, pass'd the evening with us at Mrs. Hooper's. Mr. Cutler was likewise there.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-23

23d.

Pickman had agreed to go with me, and hear Parson Tucker preach this forenoon; but some circumstance prevented him; so I went alone. The Dr. gave us a very good sermon upon the education of children. I went home with Mr. Tracey to dinner, and Pickman soon came in. We dined and pass'd the afternoon with Mr. Tracey. This gentleman, was in the course of the war, peculiarly fortunate and accumulated, an immense fortune; but he has since been equally unluckily, and is now, very much reduced. The generosity of his heart is equal to any estate whatever: and although he has not been so prudent, as might be wish'd, yet every one who is acquainted with him, must lament his misfortunes, and heartily wish he may retrieve his affairs. We rode in to town in the beginning of the evening as the weather was rainy. We stop'd at Mrs. Hooper's. We found Miss Cazneau there; and Thompson and Putnam came in soon after. The evening was dull. Miss Cazneau, would sing; and murdered two or three songs. A specimen of Townsend's wit, set us to laughing. Mr. Parsons, set out this morning, to go to Boston, but the weather being disagreeable, he return'd home after proceeding three or four miles. I have undertaken a task1 which possibly at some future day, may serve to fill part of this volume; but which at present takes up much of my time.
1. JQA is referring to his poem “A Vision.” See note for entry of 30 Jan. 1787 (above), and entry of and note for 28 March (below).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-24

24th.

I attended at Mr. Atkins's Court; and appeared to the actions. Mr. Marquand who had been summoned there, appeared, and somewhat diverted us by his impetuosity. I met young Thomas in the street who gave me some information from Cambridge.
This being the last day of service, we have been uncommonly busy in the office in copying the writs and making out records, according to the Justice's act,1 which is useless and even trouble• { 379 } some on every account. I this day finished reading Gibbon's History, which I have had a long time without perusing. It has given me much information upon a part of history with which I was but little acquainted. The style upon the whole I think is elegant, but his manifest partiality against the Christian religion; is equally injurious to his character as a philosopher, and as an historian. He affects to despise those men who from a zealous attachment to their religion, have adopted the effusions of enthusiasm, as readily as the pure and indisputable relations of history; while he is himself guilty of the other extreme, which in my mind is much less excusable. Knox however is I believe too severe when he says, that this writer by a meretricious and affected stile, far beneath the native dignity and simplicity of the ancients has caught the transient applause of the public, and indeed the occasion upon which he passes this judgment renders the censure very reprehensible:2 The reflection upon Julian's leaving Paris, was to me one of the most ingenious passages in the book: And Knox, by setting himself up as the Champion of english prejudices, cannot be quoted by a neutral person as an authority of great weight.
1. Perpetual Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1780–1800, 3 vols., Boston, 1801, 1:146–149.
2. Vicesimus Knox, Liberal Education; Or, A Practical Treatise on the Methods of AcquiringUseful and Polite Learning, 10th edn., 2 vols., London, 1789, 2:307–309.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-25

25th.

Copies of all the actions which are to be entered at the next Court of Common Pleas were this day sent to Salem, to be filed in the clerk's office; seven days before the sitting of the court, as the law directs: And as we have now got through the hurry of business, we have this day been very idle: Mr. Parsons has been talking all day with some one or other who came to the office: much of our time is lost in this manner; and if we complain, we are told we must learn to read without suffering ourselves to be interrupted by any noise whatever, a direction with which I believe I shall never be able to comply. And It would be much more agreeable to me, if he would receive his company in the other room, and spare us the trouble of an apprenticeship to an art which we cannot acquire.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-26

26th.

I took a long walk, this afternoon with Putnam, and as we came back we stop'd at Mrs. Hooper's. Townsend is still there the weather being so unsettled, that he has not ventured to go much from the house yet; He must however go in a few days to Ipswich as he is to be sworn in at that Court. We play'd quadrill. Miss Knight and Miss Phillips were there. With the latter of these Ladies I have never hitherto had any acquaintance. I went a mile with her, after ten to wait on her home, and on the way met Master Thompson, but as I returned I could not overtake him.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-27

27th.

I went with Pickman, Amory Stacey and Putnam to Salisbury, to see a vessel launch'd: She stuck as she went off. We dined there but the party was very far from being agreeable. A. Orne, is an habitual debauchee, who at the age of five or six and twenty has brought upon himself the infirmities of old age. He is one of those human beings whom to see is to despise. The description in the choice of Hercules1 beautifully expresses the character.
At about five in the afternoon, I return'd with Pickman and Putnam, to Newbury-Port, and from thence walk'd up to Little's; where we found Thompson and Sawyer: we pass'd the evening agreeably; and much more to our Satisfaction than we could have done with those other Lads whom we left at Salisbury.

“Vast Happiness enjoy thy gay Allies!

A Youth of Follies; an old age of Cares:

Young, yet enervate; old yet never wise;

Vice wastes their vigour, and their Mind impairs.”

1. That is, the choice presented to Hercules by female representations of Virtue and Vice, each of whom urged him to follow the path she pointed out. JA suggested the fable as a theme for the United States seal (Adams Family Correspondence, 2:ix–x, 96–98).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-28

28th.

The weather was pleasant. Townsend rode, this day. I pass'd the evening with him: and found Miss Knight at Mrs. Hooper's. After having dismiss'd two or three inconstant suitors, she is { 381 } now address'd by a Mr. Gregory from Boston, to whom she will probably soon be united.

With all the charms of beauty richly fraught,

Lucinda's form my fond attention caught.

A faultless person and a lovely mind,

I found with wonder, were in her combin'd

Deficient only in a single part,

She wanted nothing but a feeling heart.

Calm and unruffled as a Summer Sea,

From Passions gale's Lucinda's breast is free,

A faithless lover she may well defy

Recall her heart nor breathe a single sigh

And should a second prove inconstant too

She changes on till she can find one true.1

Such a character may be esteemed; it may likewise be beloved, for she has had more than one Lover; but their unsteadiness may possibly derive some excuse from this very disposition of her's: for my own part, I never could conceive such sentiments with respect to her, as would enable me to be inconstant.
1. This stanza and the one recorded in the entry for 8 April (below) were later incorporated in “A Vision.” This work, begun as early as 30 Jan. 1787 but not completed until June 1790, became a satirical sketch of nine young women whom JQA knew during his years in Newburyport. It remained unpublished until Dec. 1839, when Brother Jonathan, the weekly edition of the New York Evening Tattler, printed it from an MS copy. Later the poem was published in JQA's Poems of Religion and Society, Auburn and Buffalo, N.Y., 1853, and Currier's Newburyport, 2:541–547. The only known MS copy of the work in JQA's hand is in M/JQA/28, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 223. Upon rereading the printed version in 1839, JQA regarded it as an unequaled effort. “As a Poet I have never surpassed it,” he wrote; “My summit level as a Statesman, Orator, Philosopher and Proser is of about the same elevation” (William Cranch to JQA, 10 June 1790, Adams Papers; JQA, Diary, 25, 28 Dec. 1839, Memoirs, 10:176–177).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-29

29th.

I received two or three Letters for Little, and after finishing the day at the office, I went and delivered them. He went with me and pass'd the evening with Townsend: Mr. Morland came in to wait on Miss Knight home; but she preferr'd staying a day or two longer where she was. Mr. Cutler was an hour or two with us. Sometime after ten I came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-30

30th.

Parson Toppan of Newtown1 preach'd at our meeting this day. I attended all day and was very much pleased with his ingenuity: he is quite orthodox enough, although he has contended with Mr. Spring upon some very knotty points. His delivery is not graceful, nor even agreeable; but the sound sense, and ingenuity, which appear in his sermons, more than compensate for defects which are so common.
I have read through Knox's treatise upon Education, and in general am much pleased with it. If his censures of the present times, did not sometimes border upon ill-nature, and if he had not profess'd to maintain the advantages of prejudice, and partiality I should place much greater confidence in his opinion; but his complaints in many cases are but too just, and too applicable to the manners of this Country.
1. Probably David Tappan, minister at the Third Parish of Newbury, now West Newbury.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0003-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-03-31

31st.

Mr. Parsons held a Justice's Court for the trial of a trifling action of trover and conversion. The dispute was about 600 feet of pine boards. The witnesses on both sides were examined and after a trial of two hours; Mr. Parsons advised them to settle the matter between themselves without any judgment; which they accordingly did. The weather for a day or two past has been very mild and pleasant; verifying, the vulgar saying, mentioned at the beginning of the month. I walk'd with Putnam this afternoon and pass'd the evening with Townsend.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-01

Tuesday April 1st. 1788.

The Court sits this day at Ipswich. Mr. Parsons went in the afternoon, I dined with him. Pickman gone to Salem: so that for two or three days I have been wholly alone at the office: Putnam took a long walk with me; he has been amusing himself with Stacey this day by the prescriptive privilege of deceiving. The manner was imprudent, and the thing itself beneath his years: but there is a pleasure in playing the fool at times; and perhaps these are peculiarly excusable. As we returned from our walk, I stop'd in at Mrs. Hooper's to pass the last evening with Town• { 383 } send. Parson Bass was there but soon went off. Amory took his usual rout; a Mr. Gartz, who belongs to Baltimore; Mr. Cutler and Thompson were with us all the evening: and we left them a little after ten.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-02

2d.

This day Townsend and Amory finally left us and were to be sworn in to the Court of common-pleas at Ipswich. They entered the office both nearly at the same time, and have both continued here, more than three years. Their characters and dispositions, are essentially different. With Townsend I have been very intimate ever since I came to this town; but my acquaintance with Amory, has only been such as necessarily followed, from being so frequently with him. Townsend is in his twenty fifth year. His genius is very good, and somewhat eccentric. While at College, and for some time after he laboured under great disadvantages from his narrow circumstances; but for three or four years past he has been well supported, by a wealthy uncle, who has no children, and who will probably leave him something. Since he came here his studies have repeatedly been interrupted; and he has been obliged to attend for months together upon his brother, who died last summer in a consumption. The time which he could spend here was generally well employ'd. His disposition was easy and contented; rather apt to contract prejudices either favourable, or unfavorable to persons, from their first appearance; his friendships were very strong and his aversions rather severe. He was attached to his opinions, and would defend them with warmth: so that many of his acquaintance think him obstinate. But he has frequently said and I believe justly, that obstinacy consists in persevering in an opinion, without being willing to defend it when attacked; not in being unwilling to give it up without sufficient grounds to conclude it erroneous: and if his definition be true, I do not think he can properly [be] called obstinate. Upon general subjects his sentiments coincided very well with mine; but we differed very frequently in descending to particulars.
Generosity, humanity and benevolence, are the ornaments of his heart, and in short from his whole character I have such an attachment for him, that I shall regret much his leaving this Town: my anxiety for his health increases this regret; his disor• { 384 } der is alarming, and by so much the more as it has been peculiarly fatal to his family.
Amory I will mention to-morrow.
I took a walk with Putnam this afternoon, and as we returned Putnam urged me to go in to Dr. Smith's; to which I finally agreed: Putnam pass'd a number of high encomiums upon Miss Smith; but as soon as we went into the house I found Miss Bradbury there; which explained Putnam's eagerness. I sat and conversed till about nine o'clock, and then came off leaving my companion with his Dulcinea there.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-03

3d.

Thompson went yesterday morning to Ipswich and returned last evening. I dined with him to day. Frank Bradbury and Putnam were likewise there. Amory and Townsend were sworn into Court yesterday in the afternoon, and immediately went on to Salem. Amory, whom I promised to mention this day is about twenty three. At a very early period of life he was engaged in scenes of intemperance and debauchery; and contracted a fondness for them, which he has not yet conquered. His imagination is lively and his apprehension uncommonly quick: but a great degree of volatility and unsteadiness, render all his reforming resolutions abortive. With any particular object before him he is indefatigably active, and industrious; but when it is once accomplished, he too often relapses into dissipation and inattention. Of almost three years and an half which have past since he entered Mr. Parsons's office, he has not I suppose spent two in this Town, and of that Time perhaps he has not employ'd one half in the office. Yet such are his natural advantages for improvement, that in the short Time which he has devoted to study, he has acquired almost as much knowledge of the Law as a common person would, who should have been attentive through the whole period. Notwithstanding his habits of intemperance he has formed a tender connection with a young Lady in this Town, who is undoubtedly firmly perswaded that he will marry her. It will certainly be a great misfortune to her, should she be disappointed: for after so long, and so great an intimacy, with a young fellow whose principles and practice, are so repugnant to the general ideas of morality, and religion; it must be supposed that any other young gentleman, would be somewhat punctilious be• { 385 } fore he would venture to pay his addresses to her. Unfortunately, the same causes, which are prejudicial to her reputation, will tend to render him faithless and inconstant. All that can be hoped is (and it is devoutly to be wished) that his native good sense, and strength of mind, will rise superior to all his youthful follies, and that of all the heterogeneous qualities which compose his character, the good only will remain. His manners and address are remarkably agreeable, and insinuating, and, he possess candour to applaud in others even those virtues of which he is most destitute. In short we may fairly say, that without an essential alteration in his course of life, he will ever be a worthless character; but that with such alterations as time and experience may very well produce, he may become one of the best and most useful men in the Commonwealth.
Dr. Kilham returned this afternoon from Boston and Mr. Parsons from Ipswich.
I took a long walk after dinner, with Putnam, F. Bradbury, and Thompson, and we passed the evening at Putnam's lodgings.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-04

4th.

The weather has been rather disagreeable this day.1
In the evening I went with Thompson and Putnam, to Mr. Bradbury's, where we found a large company. Mr. W. Parsons and his wife; Mr. Sigourney, and his enamorata and an innumerable quantity of Miss Greenleafs'. We pass'd the evening as usual: singing, playing cards &c. Mr. Sigourney, has a very good voice, and entertained the company much more than such exercises generally do.
We retired between 10 and 11 o'clock.
1. “Rain” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-05

5th.

Rain'd again a great part of the day. Putnam pass'd the evening at my lodgings. We conversed upon a variety of Subjects. I am more pleased with him, than I was while we were, Classmates: he is not exempt from that puerility which I mentioned as constituting his character;1 and I have sometimes seen him exert a degree of little cunning, to obtain an end, in trifles where it was totally unnecessary even to serve his own purpose; But he { 386 } is good-natured, and friendly; willing and ready to oblige; easy and contented; enjoying the present, and looking forward to futurity without sufficient anxiety to embitter his happiness. I often envy him his feelings. For “who by taking thought can add one cubit to his stature.”2 The prospects of life which are before me, are by far the most frequent employment of my thoughts: and according to the different temperature of my Spirits, I am sometimes elated with hope, sometimes contented with indifference, but often tormented with fears, and depressed by the most discouraging appearances. Such reflections serve only to deprive me of my present enjoyments; after all, the events which Time is to produce, must take their course, and “sufficient surely,” to the day is the evil thereof.3
1. JQA's earlier sketch of Putnam is in the entry for 27 May 1787 (above).
2. Matthew, 6:27.
3. Same, 6:34.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-06

6th.

A Parson Allen preach'd this day for Mr. Carey. I went to hear him in the forenoon. His Sermon was sensible, but his delivery was quite disagreeable: his manner of speaking was so singular that several times it was with difficulty I restrained myself from laughing. I did not feel a great inclination to hear him again, and I therefore, went in the afternoon, and heard Mr. Murray. He is an orator; but if he did not betray such a consciousness of his own powers, while in the pulpit, he would be much more pleasing to me. There is no situation perhaps in which that consummate art of concealing art, is more requisite, than in the desk. Art is undoubtedly necessary in speaking to command the attention of an audience; but if that art is apparent, the solemnity of the occasion, greatly tends to increase the disgust which I always conceive, against affectation. For when a preacher appears so wholly occupied with the admiration of his own rhetorical talents; it seems he can have but little concern for the important subject, of which his eloquence is only the instrument, and which ought to be the chief, I had almost said the only object of his thoughts.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-07

7th.

I went with Thompson, to Mr. Atkins's, to answer to an action which we had brought before him this day.
{ 387 }
The first Monday in April, being the day appointed by the Constitution for the choice of Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Senators The Town meeting here began at ten in the morning, and the poll was closed at four in the afternoon. Mr. Hancock and General Lincoln, had a great majority in this Town, as well as in Newbury. And a federal List of Senators; for. Fed and anti; are the only distinctions at this day. Mr. S. Adams had a <great> number of votes for Lieutt. Governor; but, for what reason, I cannot tell, all the influence was against him. The revolution that has taken place in sentiments within one twelve month past must be astonishing to a person unacquainted, with the weaknesses, the follies, and the vices of human nature. The very men, who at the last election declared the Commonwealth would be ruined if Mr. Hancock was chosen, have now done every thing to get him in, and the other side are equally capricious. We have not yet got sufficiently settled to have stated parties; but we shall soon I have no doubt obtain the blessing.
I pass'd an hour or two this evening with Thompson at Mrs. Emery's: and he spent half an hour with me, till nine o'clock.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-08

8th.

Pickman returned last evening from Salem. The votes in that Town, and in several others from which accounts have been received, are equally favorable or more so, than they were in this Town, to Mr. Hancock, and General Lincoln. I called and passed an hour or two at Mrs. Hooper's in the evening: Miss Cazneau was there. Came home early in the evening.

Belinda next advanc'd with rapid stride

A compound strange, of Vanity and Pride

Around her face no wanton Cupids play,

Her tawny skin, defies the God of Day.

Loud was her laugh, undaunted was her look,

And folly seem'd to dictate what she spoke.

In vain the Poet's and musician's art,

Combine to move the Passions of the heart,

Belinda's voice like grating hinges groans,

And in harsh thunder roars a lover's moans.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-09

9th.

Dined with Pickman and Thompson, at Mr. Parsons's upon Salmon, which begin now to be caught in the river. We did not do much business in the afternoon. I called upon Putnam, after taking a walk with Thompson, but Putnam was engaged for the evening; so that I soon came home to my lodgings.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-10

10th.

From the divers interruptions which we met with in the course of the day, we did but little at the office. We met this evening at Pickman's chamber: he has joined us and is regularly with us. Stacey likewise pass'd the evening with us; and Mr. W. Farnham; I agreed to go with Pickman to Haverhill to-morrow. From thence I intend in the beginning of the next week, to proceed to Cambridge; attend at the exhibition there; and then go to Braintree and spend a few days. And I shall probably meet my brothers there. I have sometimes intended to wait for my father's arrival; before I should go that way; but it is almost six months since I saw my friends in Cambridge, Braintree &c. which makes me somewhat impatient; and if I wait for my father I know not whether I shall go in one month or two: as I have been so little absent through the winter, I may venture now to indulge myself for a fortnight.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-11

11th.

I set out with Pickman this morning at about nine o'clock: the weather was clear though rather windy: before twelve we arrived at Haverhill. I went immediately to Mr. Shaws; and Pickman, went to the tavern to meet a carriage, which he expected from Salem; but very unfortunately he found the Carriage, had past through the Town, not more than a quarter of an hour before he got there: such disappointments, are peculiarly teazing to Lover's, and felt perhaps more keenly than greater misfortunes. After dinner I went down to Mr. White's, and was sorry to find, that Leonard was gone to Hamstead with his mother. I call'd likewise at Mr. Thaxter's, but he was not at home. I sat, half an hour with Mrs. Thaxter, who has met with a misfortune, and been very unwell for some time past.
I thence went up to Judge Sargeant's to pay a visit there; And I { 389 } found Mr. Thaxter with him; I returned soon and drank tea at Mr. Thaxter's; and soon after; went back to Mr. Shaw's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-12

12th.

In the forenoon I went down, and spent a couple of hours with Mr. Thaxter: the rest of the day I employ'd in reading, upon several subjects. I took up Hudibras in the afternoon, and diverted myself with it for an hour or two.1
1. JQA adds, in his line-a-day entry, “Mr. Shaw's. All day” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-13

13th.

Attended meeting all day. Dined at Mr. Thaxter's with Mr. J. Duncan. And in the afternoon, after service: we took a long walk. When we return'd to Mr. Thaxter's we found Mr. Bartlett and his wife and Leonard White there. Mr. Parsons came in soon after. He is going to attend the Supreme Court, who will sit this week at Concord. The conversation soon turned upon political subjects; I knew we should have over again, what I have heard twenty times; and therefore I took a walk with Leonard White; and went home between 9 and 10 in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-14

14th.

I met with several impediments in the morning so that it was eleven o'clock before I cross'd the river: the weather was very good, but growing Cloudy. I got to Doctor Kitteridge's house at Andover, before one. I stop'd to see my Class-mate W. Abbot and dined there. Bowman and Wyeth were likewise there. I would say something of Mrs. Kitteridge, but it would be now a very improper time to give an account of such impressions. I left the House before three; and soon after it began to rain, and continued without intermission untill I arrived at Cambridge; I got there at about six. I rode, eight or ten miles with an Almsbury man, who is going to Concord court upon business. Mr. Parsons is engaged in his cause, and the man had a deal to say about lawyer's.
I found my brothers at our old chamber, and after sitting with them half an hour, went over, and pass'd the remainder of the evening with Packard. I found Cushman, at his chamber, and we { 390 } spent the eve very sociably. Clarke had been riding in the rain as well as myself, the greatest part of the day. He came from Harvard, where he went to accompany Grosvenor, who went home very sick a few days ago.
Cushman is apprehensive that he will not be able to obtain his degree1 before next Commencement. He tells me he has not yet preached, as had been reported: Child, Kellogg and Mead are, he says the only Classmates of ours who have yet appeared in the pulpit.
1. Cushman had not received his bachelor's degree in the commencement of 1787 because of unpaid college bills.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-15

15th.

The weather was quite disagreeable, for exhibition; in consequence of which there was but little company. Phillips began the performances, with a Latin Oration. His subject was General Washington; a subject which must be inexhaustible or it would long since have been exhausted. He spoke well. Treadwell and Gardner, next came upon the stage, in a forensic disputation. Their question was something like this. “Whether mankind have any natural right to authority over one another.” They quibbled about words, and said on neither side much to the purpose. Treadwell however did better than I expected of him. In the Syllogistic dispute Cutts was respondent, Blake 2. and Wigglesworth opponents. I have forgotten the question upon which they exerciced their ingenuity. Bradbury and Hooper, personated Plato and Diogenes; in a dialogue, upon the conduct of courtiers: the only fault that could be found, was that Hooper's delicacy of person, and neatness of dress, contrasted rather too much with our ideas of Diogenes, and indeed, with what he said in that Character. Paine and Shaw spoke a greek dialogue, in which I did not feel myself greatly interested; and Abbot closed with an English Oration, upon the slave-trade. The Composition was very good, and it was well spoken, though, the natural disadvantage of a weak voice, injured the effect of his delivery. I do not recollect having heard any performances upon this subject, at College, and it will afford a fruitful source for declamation....1 The governor then arose, and made a speech addressed to the Students, in which he congratulated them upon their proficiency, and exhorted them to go on in the ways of well-doing. { 391 } The music which succeeded was but indifferent. They had no violin: and Fay their best performer, was unwell, and did not attend.
After the exhibition was over I went down to Judge Dana's, and dined in company with a number of Ladies. Stedman and Harris, the butler, dined there too. There was a Miss Patten from Rhode Island; Almy Ellery is fond of her; and I will trust to her judgment; but was it not for that I should not be much prepossessed in the Lady's favour: She is very tall, very young, and very diffident. Miss Badger I have seen before; but there are three or four Miss Clarke's of whom I have heard much said; and whom I this day saw for the first Time. They are all agreeable; and none of them handsome: Patty is the most comely, me judice.
After dinner I called at Dr. Wigglesworth's, but the young Ladies were gone over to the College, to drink tea. We went to Phillips's chamber. It was full of Company. Between seven and eight we went to Brown's Rooms, and danced till between Twelve and one.2 I was completely fatigued, and glad that the company then dispersed. I pass'd the evening very agreeably; and after breaking up went with my Classmate Foster, and lodg'd at my brother's Chamber; where by priority of possession I still claim a right.
1. JQA's ellipses.
2. “Senior dance” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-16

16th.

Breakfasted at Judge Dana's. Doctor Waterhouse came, in and entertained us for some time with his quaint wit. I paid several visits in the course of the forenoon: pass'd a couple of hours very agreeably with Miss Wigglesworth and Miss Jones.1 The latter of these two Ladies, in former times, was not with me upon so good terms as at present. I thought her capricious, and ill-natured: but of late she has been much better. I once wrote a double acrostic for her, neither part of which was true. As I did not insert them at the time I will now introduce one of them;2 for the contrast is false and unjust. I went to see Mr. Smith, the Librarian, and also to Mr. Gannett's; where Miss Lucy Cranch, has been these two months past. The young Lovers went home this forenoon with the Miss Clarkes, And Mr. Andrews did not get back, { 392 } till we had nearly dined. Immediately after dinner I mounted my horse; and got to Mr. Cranch's, between six and seven. My aunt I found was gone to Cambridge, for Lucy, and expects to return with her to-morrow. I found my friends well except W. Cranch, who has been very unwell, but is recovering.

C—ould all the powers of rhetoric combined

A—ssist to show the beauties of her mind

T—he Poet's efforts would be all in vain

H—er mind is fair, without one single stain

A—11 the soft Passions which improve the heart

R—eign in her breast, and every thought impart

I—n such a breast no foible can reside

N—o little art, for prudence is her guide

E—ach moral beauty, which adorns the soul

J—oin'd to each grace, completes her soft controul

O—f Siren charms, the poets often tell,

N—o goddess e'er employ'd them half so well;

E—nvy itself must drop a tear to find,

S—o fair a face with such a beauteous mind.

1. JQA mentions Miss Jones and Miss Ellery in his line-a-day entry (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).
2. The acrostic that JQA copied into this entry first appeared in his verse composition book, M/JQA/28, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel no. 223. The second acrostic, which he apparently wrote down on the leaf that followed, has been clipped out of the book.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-17

17th.

Fast day. In the forenoon I remained at home, and spent my time in writing and reading. In the afternoon, I heard Parson Wibird. Mrs. Cranch and Miss Lucy came home this evening; a person from Boston brought us some Letters which came from Europe.1 Callahan was to sail, about the first of this month; which will probably be extended to the fifteenth.
By this time I suppose my friends will be at Sea.2
1. These may have included JA to JQA, 23 Jan., and AA2 to JQA, 10 Feb., the only letters for the period sent to JQA from Europe and surviving in the Adams Papers.
2. John Callahan's Lucretia, in which JA and AA were traveling, was delayed off Weymouth, England, by winds until 27 April; the Adamses eventually arrived at Boston on 17 June. On 5 April, AA2 and her husband sailed from Falmouth in the Tyne packet, reaching New York in mid-May (JA, Diary and Autobiography, 3:214–216).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-18

18th.

A cold north east storm, confined us to the house all day. I read a few pages in one of Gilbert's treatises and wrote a little, likewise. The time however was spent without much improvement; Doctor Tufts was over here Yesterday and this day. He was attending upon Miss Quincy, who has been very ill in consequence of making a mistake in taking medicine, by swallowing salt petre instead of salts.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-19

19th.

The weather has been rather better this day than it was yesterday. I went with both my brothers on a shooting party, an amusement which I follow no where except at Braintree though, there could not perhaps be a more miserable place, for sport. Dined with W. Cranch, and my brothers at Dr. Tufts's in Weymouth; and saw Mrs. Tufts for the first Time since her marriage: last fall she was at Newbury-Port, when Mr. Odiorne, was married; and at that time had no thoughts, or at least no expectation, of changing her situation soon. But Mr. Tufts, who had always been remarkably backward, in affairs of this nature; was equally expeditious, when he was once engaged: he could not even wait, till he had got an house ready; but married immediately and lives for the present with his father. We return'd, so as to get home just before dark.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-20

20th.

I pass'd the forenoon at home in writing. In the afternoon, I attended meeting and heard Mr. Wibird. After meeting, I went down to view the house, which they are repairing for my father:1 I was not perfectly pleased with it; but it now appears in a very unfavourable light: they are obliged to make the most necessary repairs very hastily expecting my father in a few weeks. I am in hopes, that after my parents return; this place will be more lively and agreeable to me than it is at present. I think I shall never make it the standing place of my residence: but I shall wish to pass much of my time here, and hope the change may be for the better.
1. The Vassall-Borland place was an abandoned loyalist estate in Braintree. Several individuals occupied the house during the Revolution and afterward, until it was finally purchased for JA in Sept. 1787 through the agency of Drs. Cot• { 394 } ton Tufts and Thomas Welsh. Long known as the Old House, four generations of Adamses lived in it until 1927. In 1946 it was deeded to the federal government and became the Adams National Historic Site. For additional details, consult the notes in Adams Family Correspondence, 3:264–266, and JA, Diary and Autobiography, 3:217; the Old House is illustrated in JA, Diary and Autobiography, 4:facing 195.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-21

21st.

We were again confined all day to the house, by the badness of the weather. Mr. Cranch however went to Boston. I find, as I always have found, great inconveniences in writing here, and indeed, there are no small inconveniences in thinking; I wrote however a little, and read a few pages in Gilbert's treatise of Evidence,1 it being a Law book. W. Cranch is reading Bacon;2 but makes no great progress in it at Braintree. It is a book which many instructors recommend to be read through in course; but Mr. Parsons says it is calculated, only to make matter of Fact lawyers; men, who without knowing the true principles upon which the Science is grounded, or the reasoning by which it is supported; will be confined in their knowlege to ita lex scripta est, and will be incapable of applying the principles to new cases, or to circumstances different from such as have already taken place.
1. Geoffrey Gilbert, The Law of Evidence..., London, 1717, and later revised and corrected editions.
2. Matthew Bacon, A New Abridgment of the Law..., 5 vols., London, 1736–1766.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-22

22d.

I took a ride in the forenoon with W. Cranch. Mr. Cranch came home from Boston, and brought young Waters with him. Mr. Weld, with his wife and her Sister pass'd the afternoon here; and when I return'd from my father's Library, where I went to take a list of his Law-Books; I found Mr. Norton here: he has some thoughts of going to Menotomy to-morrow, to Mr. Fiske's ordination; and made this a stage on his way. He is paying his addresses to Miss Betsey Cranch, and will, I suppose marry her, unless some particular accident should intervene. He was ordained last fall, at Weymouth, in the parish where, my grandfather Smith was settled; and he is said to be a young man of good sense, and a good disposition.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-23

23d.

The weather was so disagreeable, that Mr. Norton gave up the thoughts of going to Menotomy, and return'd to Weymouth. It has been very dull, a great part of this month. March was much more agreeable. My Brothers however went over to Milton in the afternoon, I intended when I came here to have returned yesterday to Cambridge; but I have deferr'd it, and shall probably still defer it till friday. On Saturday, I must certainly get home to Newbury-Port; where by my diligence I must repair the loss of time which I have sustained in this tour.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-24

24th.

Charles went to Boston this morning, and brought me back some letters from Europe.1 I went in the forenoon with Miss Betsey Cranch, down to Mrs. Quincy's where she intends to spend a few days: but I did not see either of the ladies there: Miss Quincy, has in some measure recovered from the illness occasioned by a mistake in taking a medicine. I spent my time this day as I have every day since I came here, somewhat miscellaneously.
1. See entry for 17 April, note 1 (above).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-25

25th.

I left Braintree between 9 and 10. and stoppd, about half an hour at Genl. Warren's, he was gone to Plymouth but Mrs. Warren was at home. The Genl.'s political character has undergone of late a great alteration. Among all those who were formerly his friends he is extremely unpopular; while the insurgent and antifederal party (for it is but one) consider him in a manner as their head; and have given him at this election many votes for lieutenant governor. Mrs. Warren complained that he had been abused shamefully, and very undeservedly; but she thought me too federal to talk freely with me.
I called for a few minutes at George's Office, which he has lately opened. I got to Cambridge, a little before one, and called at the Butler's room: where I found Mr. Ware, and Packard. Dined at Judge Dana's. Miss Jones was there, and agreeable as usual. In the afternoon, I went to Dr. Williams's. Sam has been { 396 } gone about two months to Sea; Jenny is still losing her beauty, and will soon, have none to lose.
I was at Abbot's chamber an hour or two. And return'd to Mr. Dana's with Packard to tea. Stedman, and Harris, and my very good friend and Classmate O. Fiske, pass'd the evening there; and it was uncommonly sociable.
I had promised Pickman to meet him this day in Salem, but was prevented by the weather as it rain'd all the afternoon.
I forgot to mention, that my Classmate Harris dined with us at Judge Dana's. He came a day or two ago, from Worcester, where he is now keeping school. It was feared, that he was in a decline, but I think he looks better than he did when we left College.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-26

26th.

Between five and six this morning, I left the judge's house, with Mr. Andrews who is going to preach at Newbury-Port. We stopp'd at the Colleges, to take their Letters, but they had not risen. The Clock struck six, as we went out of the College yard. We breakfasted at Newells tavern, and got into Salem at about ten o'clock: I paid a visit to Mr. Read; he is going to be married; and to a young Lady with a large fortune, which is rather surprizing.
I met Pickman in the street, and went home with him. After sitting a few minutes we walk'd about the Town; I went to see Miss Hazen; who appears just as she did two years ago. Dined with Pickman; and at about two o'clock Andrews called me, to proceed. The weather was so windy, and the surf so great that we had some little difficulty in getting over Beverley ferry. We arrived in Newbury-Port at about seven. I went and pass'd a couple of hours with Putnam. I then came home, and soon retired as I was exceedingly fatigued, and felt very stiff.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-27

27th.

I attended meeting all day, and heard Mr. Andrews. He speaks very well, and his composition was I believe generally pleasing. I sometimes think that he mistakes his genius, and imagines that his fansy is lively and his first thoughts the best; while in truth his conception is naturally slow, and he ought to study greatly his writings. He was this day very brilliant in his expressions, and flowery in his periods, but his thoughts were rather too { 397 } much in the common run, and this fault, I have frequently observed, in his pieces.
In the beginning of the evening, I called at Mr. Tufts's, to give him a watch which I brought for him; I spent the remainder of the evening and supp'd at Deacon Thompson's. Walk'd with Mr. Andrews up to Mrs. Farnham's, where he lodges; he proposes to return to-morrow to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-28

28th.

Dull weather. Wind Northeast. It began to rain a little after noon, and continued all the rest of the day. I pass'd the evening at Dr. Swett's. We play'd whist, and I was somewhat unfortunate. Little came home and lodg'd with me; the weather being so bad, that he could not conveniently go to Newbury.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-29

29th.

The weather this day was tolerable. I went in the evening with Thompson to Captain Coombs's, where we found the young Ladies. Polly Coombs, is very sick; they fear in a Consumption. Nancy Jenkins too has been unwell, and still looks thin. Mr. Farnham and J. Greenleaf were there; and Mr. Cutler. We had singing as usual.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0004-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-04-30

30th.

Very agreeable weather. After we had done at the office, I took a long walk with Thompson.1 We then went to Mrs. Emery's where we found Miss Roberts. We there pass'd a couple of hours, and from thence went to Mr. Frazier's. We found ourselves in the midst of a large Company of young folks. All the College lads, and all the young Misses of that sett. We past about an hour with them, and then without much reluctance left them.
1. JQA notes in his line-a-day entry that he “could not study” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-01

Thursday May 1st. 1788.

Pickman returned this afternoon from Salem. The Club were in the evening at my room: Young Fowle, Thompson's poetical Class-mate spent the evening with us. Pickman went off quite early. He attended a ball in Salem, last evening, and what with { 398 } the fatigue of dancing, and that of riding this day he was tired out.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-02

2d.

After passing the day at the Office, I stroll'd with Pickman, as far as Sawyer's tavern, where we stopp'd and took a dish of tea. When we set out to return there was a little sprinkling of rain, which we thought was not sufficient to stay our progress: but it kept continually increasing till it became quite a smart rain, and by that time we were so much soak'd that we concluded the sooner we should get home would be the better. As soon as I got home I was obliged to change from head to foot. Pickman said, it was one of the agreeable rubs of life.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-03

3d.

I this day got through the 4th. volume of Blackstone's Commentaries a second time, and I imagine I have derived no less benefit from a second perusal, than I did from the first. I have been longer about it than I wish'd, but the interruption of an whole fortnight by a Journey prolonged the time which I took for reading this book, greatly.
In the evening I took a long walk with Pickman and Thompson, and as we were returning, we met Mr. Andrews who was coming from Cambridge.
Nothing new. Dull weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-04

4th.

I heard Mr. Andrews preach, his sermons were both very short; but better I think than those he delivered last Sunday; his text was, “If they believe not Moses and the prophets, neither would they be perswaded though one rose from the dead.” Pickman observed, that there was a Sermon of Archbishop Tillotson, from the same Text, and the similarity is such as proves that Mr. Andrews had read it; though not so great as to charge him with plagiarism. However, the people in this Town, are so bigotted that a Man of Mr. Andrews's liberal religious sentiments will not be half so popular a preacher, as one who would rant and rave and talk nonsense for an hour together in his Sermon. I wrote a long Letter to my brother Tom;1 which I gave to Mr. An• { 399 } drews; with whom I pass'd the evening at Mr. Bradbury's. Dr. Sawyer, and Mr. Farnham, were likewise there. Parson Carey is still very unwell, insomuch, that there are but little hopes of his ever recovering, so as to attend constantly to the duties of his profession. Mr. Andrews is engaged to supply our pulpit three Sundays more. After which he is under other engagements till Commencement.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-05

5th.

I began this morning at the Office upon Foster's Crown Law,1 a book admirably written I am told, and notwithstanding the barrenness of the subject as entertaining as it is instructive. I pass'd an hour in the beginning of the evening at Mrs. Hooper's and then went with Thompson to Mr. S. Hooper's. Miss Roberts was there; I think I have already mentioned this Lady; she is uncommonly sensible, and if she has not the advantages of youth and beauty, neither is she chargeable with its thoughtlessness, and nonsense. Mr. Hooper as usual, talk'd rather more of himself, than of any body, or any thing else; but was very complaisant.
1. Michael Foster, A Report of Some Proceedings on the Commission of Oyer and Terminer and Goal Delivery . . . To Which are Added Discourses upon a Few Branches of the Crown Law, Oxford, 1762. A copy is in JA's library at MB.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-06

6th.

In the beginning of the evening, I took a walk with Pickman, up to Mrs. Atkins's. We found only the old Lady at home; and she was so unwell, that we supposed Company would not be very agreeable to her; and soon came away: we met Thompson just as we were coming out; he turn'd about and came back with us.
I have little to say. That part of my Time which is best improved is productive of nothing, which may properly be recorded here; and as these volumes, or the greater part of their contents, are only an account of the occurrences of my idle hours, they must be proportionably trifling and insignificant. While I was in College these books were useful, as they contained copies of all my compositions, which I wished to pre• { 400 } serve but since I graduated, I have scarcely composed any thing, and indeed I have been much too negligent in that respect; but with so many other objects to engross my attention and employ my time, I have perhaps some excuse.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-07

7th.

The weather was very fine; I took a long walk in the evening with Thompson and Putnam. Thompson left us, and went to see Parson Spring. Putnam came home, and past the remainder of the evening with me. I have used myself for several days past to rise very early, and should wish to do so through the Summer: but my propensity to sleep is so great, that it is almost always impossible for me to awake so soon as I wish.1
1. In his line-a-day entry, JQA refers to Michael Foster's Discourses upon a Few Branches of the Crown Law (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-08

8th.

The town met this afternoon to make choice of representatives for the ensuing year. Jonan. Greenleaf Esqr. Theop Parsons Esq. Captn. W. Coombs, and Mr. Jonan. Marsh, were the persons elected. We met in the evening at Putnam's lodgings. Stacey desired to join the Club, and was accordingly received. Little did not come; and as we began to be impatient we sent over to Dr. Swett's for him. But they sent us word that he was gone to be inoculated for the small pox. This disorder was introduced by a mistake of Dr. Smith; in consequence of which a number of persons have been inoculated, and removed to the Pest house. Little went without leave or licence; and is liable to prosecution for so doing;1 but in his circumstances I think he was very excusable in running the risk.
1. Although the town of Newbury on 8 May had authorized the use of the hospital in “Common Pasture” for inoculation, the selectmen of Newburyport promptly declared that the use of the building for inoculation was illegal and a threat to public health. On 16 May the town voted that those who inoculated others or were themselves inoculated should be prosecuted (Currier, Newburyport, 1:75).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-09

9th.

Violent North-east storm, all day.
We all dined with Mr. Parsons. Thompson pass'd the evening { 401 } with me. This storm gives me some anxiety, as possibly Callahan may be now upon the Coast. I would hope however for the best.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-10

10th.

The storm continued all this day, and rather with increasing violence. Thompson and I again dined with Mr. Parsons.
I passed the evening with Putnam at his lodgings: I this day got through Foster, and have been more pleased than with any professional book I have hitherto read; not even Blackstone excepted. The subject indeed being the pleas of the Crown, is not so immediately connected with a young lawyer's practice as many other books; but as Foster always ascends to first principles, his reasoning, may by analogy apply to very different branches. The style is nervous and elegant suitable to the dignity of the author; and the “pride of virtue,” as he himself expresses it, shines forth in every page of the performance. What increases greatly the pleasure with which this book is read, is that the writer appears, not only a learned and judicious lawyer, but an excellent man. The encomiums which he justly bestows upon Sir Thos. Abney, are said to be applicable in a still more eminent manner to himself. And after all, the virtues of the heart have a greater claim even to our veneration and esteem, than all the splendid appendages of genius. The compliment which Thompson pays to Pope,

For though, not sweeter his own Homer sings,

Yet is his Life the more endearing song,1

is more to his Honour than the most laboured panegyric, that ever was composed, of his talents.
I have undertaken to read Hume's History of England again: It is almost seven years since I read it, and the connexion of important events in that kingdom has almost been obliterated from my memory.
1. James Thomson, The Seasons: Winter, lines 553–554.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-11

11th.

I attended meeting to hear Parson Barnard of Salem. He gave us two very excellent Sermons. And his prayers were admirable; which is something very uncommon. I am told indeed that he { 402 } regularly composes this part of the service; as well as his Sermons; an example worthy of imitation. His address for Mr. Carey, was tender and affectionate, and the manner in which he spoke it was truly affecting.
Thompson and Putnam pass'd the evening with me.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-12

12th.

I have been quite unwell, these two or three days past; a disorder recurs with which I have been troubled in the Spring, the two years back; and it is more inconvenient this time than it ever has been before.
At Mr. Parsons's recommendation, I have this day taken up Hawkins's pleas of the Crown.1 I think I should not now have selected this book, had it been left at my option. This branch of the Law, will be of no service to me, within these seven years, and there are many subjects which will be more immediately necessary. The theories relating to civil actions, will surely be sufficient to employ all my time for the remainder of my three years, and I shall certainly have enough leisure time afterwards to acquire a competent knowledge of the criminal Law, before I get to the supreme Court, if I ever do. However Mr. Parsons must know better than I, what is to be done in this case; and I therefore cheerfully submit to his directions.
I took a long, solitary walk this evening, and then came home, and amused myself, for a half an hour, with my flute.
1. William Hawkins, A Treatise of the Pleas of the Crown .. ., London, 1716. A copy is in JA's library at MB.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-13

13th.

I took a walk with Pickman up to Sawyer's tavern, and drank tea there. The evenings are now so short that it was nine o'clock before we got back. Our Future prospects in life were the Subject of our conversation. The appearance before him is very fair: his father is a man of large fortune, which although divided among several children, gives each of them a sum sufficient for starting forward: He will now in a few months be ready to enter upon the profession: he is paying his addresses to a young Lady whose fortune will probably be amply sufficient; and from appearances I should judge he will be married ere long. Yet even he is anxious for his future welfare; and how much greater reason { 403 } have I to look forward with terror. I have two long years yet before me, which must be wholly employ'd in Study, to qualify myself for any thing. I have no fortune to expect from any part, and the profession is so much crowded, that I have no prospect of supporting myself by it for several years after I begin. These are great causes of discouragement; but my only hope and comfort is, that diligence, industry, and health may overcome them all.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-14

14th.

I walk'd with Thompson up to Mrs. Atkins's. The old Lady is gone to Boston to spend a fortnight. Mr. and Mrs. Searle were there; and Mr. Atkins came home soon after. Atkins is a man of abilities; but of strong passions; and as he was cramped in his youth, by his penurious circumstances, his disposition was soured, and he is now excessively irritable, and his natural frankness has degenerated to the unfeeling bluntness of a cynic. He has now the expectancy of a considerable fortune, at the decease of an aged relation; and it is to be hoped that when that circumstance takes place, it may soften his temper and reconcile him more to his fellow mortals.
I still continue quite unwell; it has had one good effect at least; that of making me rise early for several days past.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-15

15th.

Club met this evening at Pickman's. All there but Little, who is going through the small pox. Mr. Farnham was there; the evening was agreeable. Pickman left us at half after eight, to call on a Lady, who came this afternoon from Salem. After nine we took a walk of a mile or two before we retired; just as I got home I met a number of people; who had just come from the town-house, where it seems they were entertained with a concert this evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-16

16th.

Took a walk after leaving the office, with Thompson and Putnam. We were for calling in at Mr. Frazier's, to see the young girls, but upon the presumption they were not there, I would not stop; accordingly we proceeded. Thompson left us: Putnam, was very impatient, but just as we had turn'd the corner into high { 404 } street, both Miss Frazier's, and Putnam's own Harriet appeared. He was as happy as present enjoyment can render any one. We walk'd with the girls, and after conducting them home, took our leave. Putnam afterwards called to see me. He had no idea of meeting the girls, nor did he even suspect, that Harriet could be with them. The most exceptionable part of this young fellow's character, is a spirit of deception, a disposition to be cunning, even in the most trifling occurrences of life: in which a complicated policy, would require an appearance of the greatest candour and frankness. He is deeply smitten with his Harriet; every look, and every action afford demonstration strong of this. Yet he pretends to deny it. He is sure to meet her every evening; and yet he boldly declares that it never happens but by accident. Upon this subject it is true his friends have no right to catechise him; but he himself leads the way by making declarations, which any person of common sense, and any ways conversant with him, must know to be totally repugnant with the truth. We laugh at him for this conduct, but he does not appear sensible, how much it lessens our esteem for him. And he still attempts to carry on a deception, which we have told him was long since detected.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-17

17th.

Dined at Judge Greenleaf's with Pickman and Thompson. Two Miss Dalton's were there; and Miss Deblois a young lady whose brother is paying his addresses to the eldest Miss Dalton. Miss Deblois has been much celebrated, as a beauty; and she may still be called very handsome: though she be as much as 27. She is sociable and agreeable: Though she is not yet wholly destitute of that kind of vanity, which is so naturally the companion of beauty. She puckers her mouth a little, and contracts her eyelids a little, to look very pretty; and is not wholly unsuccessful. The Miss Dalton's, as usual talk'd more about themselves and the family, than any thing else. The eldest is said to be blest with a very amiable disposition, and as for Polly, Miss Deblois said, she made her laugh yesterday beyond measure, and it is well she has the talent of exciting laughter, in others; for unless her countenance very much belies her she is seldom, guilty of such a trick herself. Judge Greenleaf's daughters', are always so much addicted to silence, that although I have been in company with { 405 } them a number of times, I know not what opinion to form of them.
In the afternoon I took a long walk with Thompson and Putnam. The weather was very dull and disagreeable. Thompson stopp'd at Mrs. Atkins's. I pass'd the evening with Putnam at his lodgings.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-18

18th.

Mr. McKeen of Beverley preached at Mr. Carey's this day. I attended to hear him. His discourses were, though sensible, calculated to please the generality of the audience; I did not like them so well as those of Mr. Barnard, the last Sunday. After meeting Pickman called upon me, and I went up with him to see Mr. Jackson, where we drank tea, and pass'd the evening. Mr. McKeen, and Mr. Farnham were there; but went away soon after tea. Miss Wendell was likewise with Mrs. Jackson. She is not handsome, but is said to be very amiable. A little after nine I came away; Pickman still remaining there.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-19

19th.

Began upon the second book of Hawkins. The first treats of all offences, against the public; and this of the punishments to which they are liable.
I walk'd with Thompson in the evening: we called at Mrs. Hooper's, and pass'd an hour there; after which we went to Mr. Carter's. Miss Polly goes to Boston to-morrow.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-20

20th.

Mr. Parsons had the frame of his House raised, and was consequently very busy. Walk'd with Pickman. We met Thompson, and all went to see Mr. N. Carter who was lately married. His wife is not quite so stiff in her manners, as she used to be, a year and an half ago; but she has already adopted other airs; and appears no less affected than formerly. De gustibus non est disputandum; There's no disputing about the choice of a wife. Nancy Cutts, Mrs. Carter's sister, appears much more agreeable; and upon the whole I think her the handsomest of the two: however Mrs. Carter was abundantly complaisant, and we pass'd the evening tolerably.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-21

21st.

I walk'd with Pickman in the evening to Sawyer's; where we drank tea; and made it almost ten o'clock before we got home. I then went up with my flute to Stacey's lodgings, our general head quarters. About a quarter before twelve, Stacey, Thompson, Putnam, with a couple of young lads by the name of Greenough and myself sallied forth, upon a scheme of serenading. We paraded round the Town, till almost four in the morning; the weather which was not very agreeable, when we first set out: and was growing worse continually: at length it began to rain smartly; upon which we all separated; and respectively retired.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-22

22d.

I was up before eight, and had not slept well, even the short Time I was in bed; I felt stiff and unfit for almost every thing. I read but little at the Office; and omitted one thing, which for three weeks past has claimed my attention, very constantly: The Club, were at my lodgings this evening; Stacey however went away somewhat early; to meet some of his friends from Andover, and we were all too much fatigued, by the last night's jaunt, to be very sociable, or gay. At nine we separated as usual.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-23

23d.

Continual North east winds have prevailed for a week past. This evening, I past, with Thompson at Captain Coombs's. We found Mr. Porter and Mr. Kellogg, two young Parsons there. The evening was tolerable; and something more. Fanny Jenkins was as easy, as good natured, as talkative as usual. Jenny Coombs is sensible and clever. Her Sister Polly it is feared, is in a consumption: a disorder by which Captain Coombs has already lost two of his children...1 Poor, miserable beings we are! Dependant for our happiness, not only upon our own conduct, but equally upon the caprices of fortune, and the casual occurrences of a day. What must be the feelings of a Parent, who after rearing a numerous family of promising children, just as they are entering upon the Stage of Life; and when he begins to reap the rewards for his pains in educating them, by being witness to their usefulness in the world; when he fondly hopes to leave them in the enjoyment of prosperous circumstances; to see them drooping, and { 407 } dying under the operation of a long, lingering disease, in which the terrors of death are increased, by its slow and gradual approaches. Yet, this is the situation of many Parents. And if the causes of misery are thus distributed, as well to the virtuous and the good, as to the abandoned and unprincipled, what is the lot we have to expect in the world? I look forward with terror; and by so much the more, as the total exemption from any great evils hitherto, leads me to fear, that the greatest are laid up in store for me.
1. JQA's ellipses.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-24

24th.

Pickman went to Salem this morning. In the evening, I took a long walk with Thompson, down towards Newbury Bridge, in hopes of meeting Mr. Andrews; we were however unsuccessful. When we returned, I stop'd and past an hour with Putnam. He told me they had received a letter at Mr. Bradbury's from Andrews informing them, that his health, would necessarily prevent him, from coming to-morrow, but that he will send somebody if he can to supply his place.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-25

25th.

Mr. Webber preach'd here, for Mr. Andrews; and I was much pleased with his discourses. They were quite argumentative; and his manner of reasoning was such as shewed him to be an acute metaphysician. He has always had a peculiar attachment to mathematical studies; and has acquired great knowledge in that branch of Science, which has at the same time habituated him to a degree of precision in his reasoning, which few people possess. After meeting this afternoon Putnam called at my room, and urged me to go to Mr. Spring's, where it seems they were not contented with two Services, but were going upon a third. Putnam went I believe, rather from the motive of seeing certain young Ladies there, than from an excess of piety. But as I wished to write a Letter to W. Cranch, and as Mr. Parsons will go for Boston early to-morrow morning, I declined going with Putnam.
After writing my Letter1 I went and took a long walk quite alone the weather being very fine; and as I return'd I stopp'd an hour at Mrs. Hooper's. Thompson came in soon after me.
{ 408 }
We walk'd again, and as we were passing before Mr. Frazier's door, the young Ladies were standing there: we stopp'd, and went in. Mr. and Mrs. Frazier return'd home, a few minutes after; with Miss Phillips of Boston; a Lady whom I saw at Hingham last fall; who has play'd the coquette, for eight or ten years past, with a number of gentlemen, but who has now a prospect of being married shortly. We soon came away; Thompson pass'd an hour at my lodgings.
1. Letter not found.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-26

26th.

In the afternoon, I took a walk with Thompson, to see Little. He has the small pox full, upon him at this time.1 We returned, and I pass'd the evening at Mrs. Emery's. Judge Greenleaf's daughters, and Miss Smith and Miss Wendell were there. The evening was not agreeable; there was too much ceremony and too little sociability: we conducted the Ladies home, and retired.
1. JQA was inoculated in July 1776, along with his mother, sister, and brothers (Adams Family Correspondence, 2:45–46).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-27

27th.

Mr. Jackson, sent one of his sons to inform me, that he heard last evening at Beverly, that Callahan had arrived, in Boston. The report I find is all over the Town; and I have received the congratulations of almost all my acquaintance here.
This evening, by means of an accident which was contrived in the morning a number of gentlemen and Ladies happened to meet, at Mr. Brown's house, where we danced till about twelve o'clock. The weather was rather too warm; otherwise the party was agreeable. We often changed partners. And as there were several more Ladies than gentlemen; one or two of the young misses, thought they were not sufficiently noticed, and so much mistook the intrinsic value and importance of their resentment, as to display it, in a manner, which raised an involuntary smile: involuntary I say; because no one surely could willingly smile at the resentment of a Lady. I escorted Miss Newell home; and then retired likewise, myself.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-28

28th.

Election Day. And there is not a poor Devil, who has lost his election, in the Commonwealth, that feels half so much vexed, and disappointed as I do. After enjoying the satisfaction of supposing my friends all arrived safe; I find this day that the report was without any foundation. That Callahan has not arrived, and has not even been spoken with, as has been said.
I walk'd in the evening with Stacey, and called afterwards, for half an hour at Mrs. Hoopers.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-29

29th.

Club at Thompson's this evening. Putnam inform'd us, he must leave us at a quarter before nine. I told him he must make no appointments for Thursday evenings. It was no appointment he said; but he was under an indispensible obligation to write a letter this evening: accordingly he left us. At nine we likewise came away. I took a walk with Stacey in high street, with the expectation of meeting Putnam; nor were we disappointed. He was walking home with the young Ladies, that he is generally most attentive to.
After we had ascertained the matter sufficiently, we continued a walk, and, I came home at about ten. I found a bundle, for me which Mr. Carter brought from Boston, but there was no Letter with it.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-30

30th.

I called this morning at Mr. Bradbury's office, and affronted Putnam by rallying him upon his deception last night. In the afternoon I walked with Thompson: we overtook Mr. J. Tracy and his Lady; and accompanied them. As we were passing by Mrs. Atkins's she arrived, with her son from Boston. We stopp'd there a few minutes. Genl. Lincoln is Lieutt. Governor, &c.
We spent the remainder of the evening at Mr. Carter's with the old gentleman; as none of the young folks were at home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0005-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-05-31

31st.

Finished, this forenoon with Hawkins. Dined at Mr. N. Carter's. As did Mr. Farnham and Thompson: called at the office in the afternoon; but did nothing. Walk'd with Thompson. { 410 } Went in to Mrs. Hooper's and drank tea there. Miss Emery was with her. I soon came out and left Thompson there. I took a solitary walk of two or three miles into Newbury: was surprised by the rain, and quite sprinkled before I got home. We have had a great deal of rain this Season, but very little warm weather. Fruits rather backward.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-01

Sunday June 1st. 1788.

Mr. Allen preached for us this day; and I attended to hear him. His Sermons are judicious and sensible; but his manner of delivering them is very disagreeable.
In the evening I took a long walk with Doctor Kilham; and pass'd the remainder of it at home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-02

2d.

Pickman returned this day from Salem, where he has been for ten days past.
I began to read Wood's Institutes;1 a book written upon a similar plan, to that of Blackstone; but much inferior in the execution.
I took a long walk this evening alone, musing and contemplating upon a subject which at this time engrosses all my attention.
1. Thomas Wood, An Institute of the Laws of England; Or, The Laws of England in TheirNatural Order, According to Common Use..., London, 1720.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-03

3d.

I walk'd with Thompson a mile or two in Newbury. The prospects on that road are delightful; and I am more pleased with that walk than with any other near this town. We went to Judge Greenleaf's. Mrs. Hodge and Mrs. Parsons were there. We past the evening as usual at that house. The judge was very sensible and sociable; Mrs. Greenleaf was very agreeable; and all the daughters sat like just so many young misses, whose mamma, had told them, that little girls must be seen and not heard. The judge to strangers appears to be quite a soft and complacent man; but his family regulations are rather despotic: this circumstance takes off much of the pleasure of visiting there, which would otherwise be great; for his conversation and that of his Lady are quite entertaining.
{ 411 }
She asked me if I had not been greatly disappointed last week; I told her I had, and that it had been a subject of much vexation to me. The judge said it was well. He always wished that his young friends might meet with disappointments and misfortunes; and the greater the better, if they were not such as to debilitate the mind. It was best to be enured to misfortunes in early life; sooner or later they would come; and it was much best to be prepared for them by experience.
Thompson came home and supp'd with me.1
1. In his line-a-day entry, JQA refers to “Wood.” Presumably he continued his reading of Thomas Wood's Institutes that he had begun the previous day (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-04

4th.

Walk'd into Newbury in the evening with Thompson;1 and we returned through Joppé,2 by a different route from that which I usually come. We past an hour at Mrs. Emery's. Her daughter is very amiable, though not handsome. She entertained us sometime by playing upon the Harpsichord. Mr. J. Greenleaf was there; it is reported that he is paying his addresses there. The dispositions of the persons are not sufficiently congenial to render either of them happy, and I should therefore wish that this report, like most others of the same nature may prove an idle surmise without any foundation.
1. “Tolerable weather” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).
2. Joppa, a small fishing village on the Merrimack River, east of Newburyport in Newbury (John J. Currier, “Oulde Newbury”: Historical and Biographical Sketches, Boston, 1896, p. 218–219; Currier, Newburyport, 1:151).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-05

5th.

We met in the evening at Stacey's lodgings. Putnam was not present. At about seven we received a letter from him which for its singularity I am determined to preserve.1 And after I came home2 I wrote him an answer which is likewise here inserted, and which I shall send him to-morrow.

[addrLine] Messrs. Stacey, Thomson and Adams or to any one of them.

[salute] Gentlemen

You doubtless recollect the conversation which passed at our office, the evening after our last club night. It will be needless { 412 } for me again to go over the same ground; let me just observe “that at the time I left you, I neither wished or expected to meet any lady or ladies during the evening” What I then told you, I know, and you may rest assured was truth however clouded with circumstances which might lead you to a different supposition. You may attribute the effect to “accident, sympathy” or just what you please, it alters not the original cause of action. I feel an happy consciousness of my innocence of the charges you alledged against me (such as imposing on the club &c) which consciousness alone, could support me when absent from a Society, whose pleasures I once eagerly sought, as eagerly wished to deserve, as richly enjoyed.
I think your treatment to me was unkind, severe and illiberal. With pleasure, I can appeal to my own bosom in the calm hour of reflection and retirement, and declare such treatment unmerited.
I write not Gentlemen under the influence of passion and resentment, but give you sentiments dictated by reflection and approved by reason and my conscience. I wish you to consider the affair as relating only to the club.
These circumstances Gentlemen must excuse my absence this ev'ning.
I should be happy to wait on you at my chamber next Thursday evening, where I propose to take my leave of the club and thereby render your happiness secure.

[salute] Adieu! may you be united, may you be happy.

[salute] Adieu.

[signed] S.P.
The Answer

[salute] Sir

The formal and ceremonious manner in which you have been pleased to address the members of the club, constrains me to adopt a stile, which to a Class-mate and an intimate, I cannot but use with reluctance.
The charges of unkindness, of severity and illiberality, which your letter contains, were considered by Stacey and Thompson, so far as they respected them, as unmerited. To me alone, we supposed they could in any manner be applicable. That my observations upon the Subject were severe, I freely acknowledge, since, whatever the truth might be, the occurrence, was not of sufficient importance, to me to justify the strength of my expres• { 413 } sions: they might therefore bear the appearance, of unkindness, but if unkindness consists in the intention, I can sincerely declare, that nothing was more foreign to my heart. But Sir I am not conscious that even my treatment of you, could be justly charged with illiberality. For the repeated instances of equivocation in your conduct upon the same subject, which you have acknowledged, might I conceive excuse my doubting the truth of assertions, which upon similar occasions you had always made with equal seriousness; if however you still consider yourself as injured, I am ready to make any acknowledgment which you may think your honour can require. At the same time I would submit to your consideration, whether your leaving thus abruptly a society which among our acquaintance is generally known to exist, might not excite their curiosity; and whether if the occasion of your quitting us, should accidentally transpire, it might not be productive of consequences equally mortifying to us all; as, to every impartial person the original cause of separation must appear trifling and puerile.
Your proposal “that the affair may be considered as relating only to the club,” I am perswaded, you, will acknowledge upon further reflection, to be impracticable. For if the injury which you have received is sufficiently great to induce you to dissolve your connection, with a Society “whose pleasures you once eagerly sought, as eagerly wished to deserve, as richly enjoyed” how can you upon all other occasions, retain that friendship and confidence, from which alone those pleasures were derived. I trust you will suffer these considerations to have their weight in your mind, and as you say you write not “under the influence of passion and resentment,” I hope you will be induced to drop your present intentions, and not give us reason at every subsequent meeting to regret the loss of one of the original members of the institution.
If however, you should persist in your present sentiments, we must decline waiting on you at your lodgings, as the meeting would necessarily be attended with a great degree of that restraint, an exemption from which is one of those charms whence we derive our greatest enjoyments. As Pickman expects to be absent the week after next he has desired us to call next Thursday evening at his lodgings. There we shall be happy to see you: to renew over a friendly glass the social intercourse which has thus { 414 } unfortunately been interrupted, and to bury in oblivion a dissention which we sincerely hope may never be revived.
[signed] J. Q. A.
1. None of the original correspondence copied in the entries for this and the following day has been found.
2. JQA indicates in his line-a-day entry that he took a walk between his club meeting and letter-writing (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-06

6th.

In the forenoon I sent my letter to Putnam, and in about an hour received the following reply which crowns the whole. It is inserted to complete the Story, and because it shows the characteristic consistency of the person.

[salute] My dear friend

The idea of my past follies and imprudences affords me Sensations inexpressibly disagreeable. Had I reflected with an eye of impartiality, on my conduct, I am confident I never should have charged you with illiberality. No, my friend, I confess I have had so many proofs of your candour and openness that I blush to have ever insinuated an Idea, so different from that which on reflection I find to be the real sentiment of my heart. O how fickle and weak must be that mind, which sees only the favourable side of a question wherein self is a party. I trust your candour to bury this, together with the unhappy cause of all.
You will be pleased for a moment to put yourself in my situation. You must conceive that with the Sentiments I last evening entertained, I must have been unhappy, had I been present. This must excuse my addressing you in the manner I did. I think Thomson and Stacey were equally concerned with you;—'tis true they did not say so much as you did, but they assented to all you advanced. At the time I proposed leaving the Club, I was sensible, I deprived myself of a source of choicest pleasure—but when I reflected that pleasure was to arise at your expence—I could not persuade myself to make the purchase at so great a price—I will call at Pickman's as you request—May more than egyptian darkness intercept from light the unfortunate event— May we once more taste the joys of sociability—Bacchus I am sure will lend his assistance—May we renew our friendship over the pipe of peace and banish discord far away.

[salute] Believe me dear John to be your real friend.

[signed] S. P.
{ 415 } These Letters shall be without a comment, as in my opinion they speak enough of themselves.
In the evening I was walking with Thompson; as we were passing before Mr. J. Tracy's, he invited us in: we pass'd the evening there; it was club night; and there were eight or ten such smoakers that we were almost suffocated. The evening however was agreeable; and after supper I completed my walk before I returned home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-07

7th.

Mr. Parsons came home from Boston this evening; where he has been attending at the general court; but he brought no news for me. I went with Pickman up to Sawyer's tavern and drank tea there. This walk is very agreeable, and employs the evening well.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-08

8th.

Mr. Webster1 from Salisbury preached for us this day: a venerable old gentleman who has been subject to many misfortunes, and whose countenance is expressive of the sensibility which has so often been wounded.
I took a long walk in the evening with Stacey; a young fellow who has been very imprudent; but whose disposition is I believe very good.
1. Rev. Samuel Webster, minister of the West Parish, Salisbury (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 10:250–259).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-09

9th.

Mr. Parsons had so much information to give every one who came into the office this day that, we could not attend much to the regular course of our reading. I took a long lonely walk in the evening, as I often do at present; and I find the practice advantageous both to my health and spirits.1
1. In his line-a-day entry, JQA notes that the weather was cold (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-10

10th.

Stroll'd a mile or two with Pickman: he has the appearance of a true and faithful Lover, and acknowledges that he takes but { 416 } very little satisfaction in this Town: he proposes spending but a few weeks more here, and then to open an office in Salem.
As I came home I stopp'd and past an hour at Mrs. Hooper's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-11

11th.

I walk'd this evening with Stacey. The weather was very beautiful, and we proposed to form a party for a Serenade, as soon as may be convenient.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-12

12th.

Townsend arrived in town this forenoon: I called at Mrs. Hooper's to see him immediately after dinner: he looks better than he was when he left this Town; but his situation still appears to me to be critical. Club met at Pickman's. Putnam appeared rather sober. Townsend was obliged to retire just before Sun-set. Farnham too was not in the highest Spirits, for Mr. Prout marries Miss S. Jenkins this evening. At nine we separated and at ten met again at my room. We sallied out at about eleven, and serenaded the Ladies in Town till between three and four in the morning.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-13

13th.

Townsend, and one or two more of my friends dined with me this day. He went in the afternoon to see Mrs. Emery, and found there, a Miss Taylor who came there last evening from Boston: she was going to Exeter, and as Townsend was going to take a ride; he proposed to go in company with her as far as the ferry. This Miss Taylor is handsome, and remarkably sociable; and although she has been in a declining State of health, for more than a year past, and came very lately from Halifax, to Boston merely to recruit her strength, yet by some unaccountable deception she looks in the finest bloom of Health. It seems indeed to be an uncommon felicity attending many young Ladies at this day, that they can enjoy all the benefits of ill health without, being much afflicted, with its cruel pains.
We accompanied the Lady to Amesbury; and after seeing her into the boat took our leave. Returning home we stopp'd and drank tea with Mrs. Atkins. Mrs. Bass and Mr. Atkins had just arrived from Dunstable. I pass'd the evening with Townsend at { 417 } Mrs. Hooper's; but came home quite early, as I was somewhat fatigued by the last night's expedition.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-14

14th.

Finished reading in Wood's Institutes; a book which has been rendered almost useless by the publication of Blackstone's commentaries. Dined with Mr. Parsons. Took a long walk in the afternoon, and pass'd the evening with Townsend at Mrs. Hooper's. Pickman went to Salem this morning.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-15

15th.

Mr. Allen preach'd; and as usual delivered a good Sermon, in a very bad manner. After meeting; I went up to Mr. J. Tracy's; I found Townsend there, and rode a few miles with him. We return'd and drank tea at Mrs. Atkins's. Townsend's health not permitting him to be out after Sun-set, we came home early, and I was with him all the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-16

16th.

Townsend intended to have set away this morning; to go to Medfield; but the weather was so chilly and disagreeable that he thought it would be best to wait another day. Thompson and I dined and pass'd a great part of the day with him. I was again disappointed upon the arrival of the stage, as I have been so often heretofore; by hearing no news from Boston.
I began upon Bacon's pleas and pleadings; a subject which demands great attention.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-17

17th.

Townsend left Town this morning, but as the wind soon got easterly, I imagine he did not go far. Mr. Parsons went over to Ipswich where the Supreme Court are this week in Session. In the beginning of the evening the weather cleared up, and I took a long solitary walk. I had turn'd round, and was coming home, when I heard a horse coming upon full galop and somebody called me by name. I stopped and found it was Stacey, who congratulated me upon my father's arrival. He came from Ipswich on purpose to give me the Information. Just as I had pass'd by Mr. Tracy's, one of his Servants gave me a Letter,1 with a re• { 418 } quest that I would go down to his House: I went accordingly, and found Mr. Hichborn there; the Letter was from Mr. Thaxter,2 and contained the same joyful tidings that Stacey had brought me. It seems Judge Sullivan left Boston this day at about twelve o'clock; and when he came away Callahan was coming up the Harbour: after passing an hour at Mr. Tracy's I came home, with a light heart; but not wholly without fears that this information like that of a similar nature which has been given me three or four times within a month past, should be founded upon a mistake of one vessel for another.3
1. Letter not found.
2. Not found.
3. In his line-a-day entry, JQA mentions Putnam's name between references to his walk and to Mr. Tracy (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-18

18th.

I went to the Office in the forenoon; but found myself incapacitated to do any thing, and therefore lost the morning in conversation. Just before two I went with trembling hope to the post office: and as I went into the door my heart almost failed me: but I was soon made happy by a letter from my brother Tom,1 which confirms the arrival of my Parents. In the afternoon I did nothing more than prepare to go to Boston in the Stage to-morrow morning. I called in the evening at Mrs. Hooper's, and at Mr. Carter's, to take their commands.2
1. Letter not found.
2. In his line-a-day entry, JQA refers to a walk with Thompson before making his visits (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-19

19th.

The Stage was full from Portsmouth and consequently I could not obtain a seat. I could not think of waiting till Saturday with a chance of being again disappointed. So I sent forward my little trunk by the Stage, and engaged a horse; at about ten in the forenoon, I left Town, and arrived at Ipswich just before noon. The Supreme Court are sitting there, and I went to the Court house where I saw a number of my friends: among others my classmate Kendall who is going to the Ohio in a short Time. I found likewise at Ipswich a number of the young Ladies from Newbury-Port, who to be sure were gallanted by their fathers. It was { 419 } near four o'clock when I left Ipswich; and Pickman at the same time returned to Salem. It was so late when we got there that I could not think of reaching Boston this night, and I therefore accepted of Pickman's invitation to lodge in town. He went with me to Mr. Derby's; but the young Ladies were not at home, so that I had not the pleasure of being introduced to his Dulcinea. Learned, who is upon the study of physic in this town, pass'd the evening with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-20

20th.

I was up early in the morning, and mounted my horse at about seven. It was ten when I got into Boston. I went to Mr. Smith's, and found my father was gone to Braintree but my Mamma was at the Governor's: I immediately went there and enjoy'd all the satisfaction that can arise from the meeting so near and dear a friend after a long absence. We dined at Deacon Storer's. Old Mrs. Edwards was there (v. Vol 2. p. 27.)1 and Dr. Waterhouse, &c. Between five and six we set out for Braintree. As I was already somewhat fatigued, my Cousin Cranch gave me up his seat in the Chaise with my Mamma, and took my horse. At about eight we got to Mr. Cranch's, and there my Satisfaction and pleasures were again renew'd at finding my father in good health. And here I must stop for the present.
1. See entry for 11 Aug. 1786 (above).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-21

21st.

The weather was very warm. I went down to my uncle Quincy's, and from thence on the shore. One lighter arrived in the afternoon, with part of the goods and furniture, and the other is expected to-morrow.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-22

22d.

Parson Wibird preached in his usual dull unanimated strain. Of late indeed he has lost it is said his only claim to merit by declining wholly to change with the neighbouring ministers. After meeting this evening, I went with W. Cranch down to Mrs. Quincy's and drank tea. Mrs. Quincy of Boston1 was there, and very agreeable: I had never been in company with her before.
1. Abigail Phillips Quincy (1745–1798), wife of Josiah Quincy, “The Patriot.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-23

23d.

A second lighter came up this day with things from the ship. We were very busy in unpacking during the whole day. A bed was set up in the house in which I lodg'd, but we have done sufficient to make a great deal of work before we get at rights. There is yet a great deal to be done to the house. When I came from Newbury-Port, I intended to have studied as much here as I should have done there; but I begin to suspect that I shall find it utterly impossible. At least I have given up all thoughts of doing any thing in that way for the present.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-24

24th.

This day we got so far in order as to make a home of the house. I dined at my uncle Cranch's. The remainder of the packages are expected to-morrow; but those that are already here, are not all unpack'd. Much damage was done on the voyage.1
1. JQA writes, in his line-a-day entry, “Folks got down to the house. I <lodg'>dined out” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-25

25th.

This afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Shaw came in from Haverhill; they found us still in great disorder: we began this day to unpack the books; though we have at present no room to stow them in, properly. They were moist and some what mouldy, but not injured at all.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-26

26th.

We all dined at Mr. Cranch's. Charles came from Cambridge to spend a day or two with us. I continued this whole day quite industriously, to unpack, and place the books, yet did not get half through with the business. There are a great many books which I wish very much to peruse, but I have not the time at present, and must certainly for some years be separated from them.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-27

27th.

The day was spent like the preceding ones. There was some company here in the afternoon.1 I give as much of the little lei• { 421 } sure time I have, as I can conveniently to some lectures upon History and general Policy a new publication of Dr. Priestley,2 whose literary powers may be truly called athletic. There are several other late performances, which I am desirous of reading, but more particularly Mr. Gibbon's continuation of his History of the decline and fall of the roman Empire: which is not however, yet completed.3
1. JQA adds, in his line-a-day entry, “Folks from my uncle's” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).
2. Joseph Priestley, Lectures on History, and General Policy; To Which is Prefixed, An Essay on a Course of Liberal Education for Civil and Active Life, Birmingham, England, 1788 (MQA).
3. The final three volumes were published in 1788 (DNB).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-28

28th.

Mrs. Welch and Betsey Smith came from Boston this morning; we all went to Weymouth and dined at Doctor Tufts's. In the afternoon I went over to Mr. Norton's house; where in my Infancy I have spent many days, which I scarcely remember even as a distant dream; but before this day I had not been in the house these nine years.1 As I returned from Weymouth I was overtaken by the rain, and stop'd at Mr. Cranch's; but it did not abate, and I went home in the midst of it.
1. Jacob Norton, the minister at Weymouth, was living in the parsonage previously occupied by JQA's grandfather, Rev. William Smith.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-29

29th.

I attended at meeting and heard Mr. Wibird. The weather was rather dull and somewhat sultry. I am still undetermined whether to return this week to Newbury-Port, or wait till after Commencement: I believe however I shall determine upon the latter.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0006-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-06-30

30th.

Mr. and Mrs. Shaw return'd to Haverhill this morning: and this day I finished unpacking the books; which however must continue for some time in great disorder.1
{ 422 }
1. At the bottom of JQA's line-a-day entries for June in D/JQA/13, he has written a phrase in shorthand, followed, on the line below, by the date “June 17.” The inscription is JQA's earliest recorded use of John Byrom's shorthand system, antedating other shorthand specimens in his papers by twenty years, and the first of about a half-dozen examples he entered into this Diary before the end of the year. Byrom's characters here are rendered “year on the 25th August.” The significance of either date to JQA is not known to the editors. In 1794, while en route to his diplomatic post in the Netherlands, JQA mentioned having once attempted to learn shorthand, “but soon gave over the pursuit; not having a very high opinion of the utility of the art, and being very early weary of the labour to acquire it.” He briefly resumed his study of it, but abandoned it until the following decade (Thomas Molineux, An Introduction to Byrom's Universal English Short-Hand, 5th edn., London, 1821; JQA, Diary, 3 Oct. 1794).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-01

Tuesday July 1st. 1788.

It was nine o'clock before I could get away from Braintree this morning, and I arrived at the Colleges just before the exhibition began. A Latin Oration was spoken by Kirkland and was very well. The Forensic between Palmer and Waterman was tolerable, but I forget the subject. The english Dialogue between Thacher and Gray was well spoken, but rather stiff. The greek Dialogue between the youngest Sullivan and my brother Tom, was quite short and not the worse for that. The English Oration was by Blake; the subject agriculture. It was in my opinion very flimsy and superficial: but as we came out I heard a young fellow, who had something of the appearance of a would-be fop, exclaim “upon my soul Blake has given us one of the genteelest Orations I every heard.” In former days, gentility with respect to composition, consisted in bad spelling and bad grammar, under which sense the description would not be wholly unjust. But what the expression means at this day I know not; and therefore its singularity was what I chiefly remarked. I was agreeably surprized to meet my friend Thompson here; but saw him only for a few minutes. I went down and dined at Judge Dana's. Mr. Ben. Ellery was there; an uncle to Mrs. Dana; a rich old gentleman; and somewhat singular in his character. In the afternoon I called at Mr. Wiggles worth's, and past an hour agreeably with them. I went to Mr. Gannett's; and at about seven in the evening called at the President's. He was not at home, and as I knew not what to do with myself for the remainder of the evening, I thought I might as well go home; I immediately went to Bradish's, mounted my horse, and after nine arrived safe in Braintree; somewhat fatigued with my day's work; but well satisfied with my jaunt.
{ 423 }

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-02

2d.

The weather was extremely warm. I amused myself part of the day in reading, and part in shooting. The cherry trees which are quite full at present, are so inviting to the birds that, there is very good sport with little trouble.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-03

3d.

Between nine and ten I went with my father from Braintree. We got into Cambridge at about twelve. After stopping a few minutes at College, we first went down and called upon Judge Trowbridge:1 He is very old; and although active for his years, yet the depradations of time are conspicuous upon him. We dined at Mr. Dana's. Mr. and Mrs. Channing from Rhode Island, were there; they are agreeable. In the afternoon we first called at the Presidents, and drank tea there: from thence we went to Mr. Gerry's and past the evening: we found Mrs. Warren there, and were in the midst of antifederalism: but quite in good humour. My father had promised to take a lodging, at Judge Dana's; but at Mr. Gerry's invitation I past the night at his house.
1. Edmund Trowbridge, loyalist and former judge of the pre-Revolutionary Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature, and uncle of Francis Dana (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 8:507–520; 15:204).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-04

4th.

We left Cambridge by nine o'clock, and got into Boston in the midst of the bustle. We went immediately to Bracken's tavern. After dressing, I walk'd out; and met with a number of my very good friends. At about eleven we went to the old South meeting house, and heard Mr. Otis deliver an Oration.1 The composition and the delivery were much superior even to my expectations, which were somewhat sangwine. It was greatly superior in my opinion to that which he delivered when he took his second degree; the only public performance, that I had heard before from him. I saw my good friend Bridge for a few minutes only: he told me he expected to be at Newbury-Port in about three weeks from this. I likewise met with Townsend as I was going out of the Church; and we went together to the old brick; to hear General Hull's Oration to the Cincinnati;2 it appeared to me rather indifferent; and the effect upon me was the greater from the in• { 425 } voluntary comparison with that which I had just heard. However I found afterwards there were many persons who thought or pretended to think this Oration better both in matter and manner than the other: and they have certainly a right to enjoy their opinions: I dined at Deacon Storer's. Parson Wibird was there and some other company. In the afternoon I walk'd up on the common, to see the military parade, which was not however so spirited as at the last anniversary: but in the middle of the afternoon, the news arrived that Virginia had acceded to the federal Constitution, and immediately the bells were set to ringing, and the guns to firing again, without any mercy, and continued all the remainder of the afternoon. In the evening a number of young fellows paraded round the streets with candles lighted in their hands, and a drum before them, not much to their own credit or to the honour of the day; but they did no damage. I spent part of the evening with several of my classmates; but not finding Bridge, I returned early, and took my lodging at Brackett's.
1. Harrison Gray Otis, An Oration Delivered July 4, 1788 . . ., Boston, 1788.
2. William Hull, An Oration Delivered to the Society of the Cincinnati . . . July 4, 1788, Boston, 1788.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-05

5th.

We called this morning at Dr. Welch's, and at Mr. Guild's; but left town at about ten o'clock: It was almost one when we got to Braintree. I amused myself as I could in the afternoon: Mrs. Warren,1 with her son Harry stop'd here this night on their way to Plymouth; to which place General Warren has removed back, after living about eight years at Milton. He was formerly a very popular man, but of late years he has thought himself neglected by the People; his mind has been soured, and he became discontented, and querulous: he has been charged with using his influence in favour of Tender acts and paper money; and it has even been very confidently asserted, that he secretly favoured the insurrections and rebellion of the winter before last. Whether his conduct has been misrepresented or not, is a point that must for the present remain undetermined. But he has certainly given some reason for suspicion by his imprudence; and when in a time of rebellion a man openly censures the conduct in general, and almost every individual act of an administration, an impar• { 426 } tial public will always judge, that such a man cannot be greatly opposed to a party who are attacking the same measures.
Mrs. Warren however positively declared there was no truth in those allegations, and was very confident, that they were nothing more than the suggestions of the general's enemies, whose malignity, was unaccountable, but whose utmost spite and envy could not disturb his happiness

“For all the distant din this world can keep

Rolls o'er his grotto and but sooths his sleep.”

1. Mercy Otis Warren, historian and dramatist, wife of James Warren. The Adamses and Warrens had maintained a close friendship for many years.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-06

6th.

The weather was rather disagreeable in the morning, and Mrs. Warren was disposed to stay and pass the Sunday with us. But her Son was so anxious to get home, that she finally determined to go; and they went away at about nine. I attended at meeting, and heard Parson Wibird dose over a couple of Sermons. There is none of my time that I regret more than that I spend in hearing him: were it not for the propriety of attending public worship abstracted from all considerations of improvement or entertainment, I should seldom enter within the walls of that house while he continues to slumber there.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-07

7th.

W. Cranch went to Boston this morning; and I suppose, I shall have but very little of his company for the Future, as he is to be fixed henceforth for some time to his office. I amused myself as I have done for several days past, in diverse manners. In the evening my two brothers arrived from Cambridge; having obtained leave to be absent till friday when the scholars will all be dismiss'd.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-08

8th.

I past the greater part of the day in gunning,1 with my brothers. The weather was as it has been for several days past extremely warm; and the fruits of the earth at present greatly require heat.
1. “Shooting robins” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-09

9th.

Doctor Leonard1 came here in the morning: this gentleman came as a passenger with Callahan. He underwent a violent prosecution two or three years ago in England, for endeavouring to come to America with some models of manufacturing machines. But after being two years in prison he was released and immediately resumed his original intentions; but he is now come over without his models; and he rather purposes at present to practice in his original profession as a physician and surgeon.
I bath'd in the Sea, this afternoon; the first time I have done so this Summer; indeed it is rather troublesome here, on account of insects which are almost innumerable.2
1. William Leonard practiced medicine in Newburyport and later in Ohio (S. P. Hildreth, “Biographical Sketches of the Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio,” NEHGR, 3:137–138 [April 1849]; same, 5:357 [July 1851]).
2. In his line-a-day entry JQA adds, between notes on Leonard and bathing, that he “Read a little” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-10

10th.

George Warren came over from Milton this forenoon, and paid us a visit. He opened an office in Milton last winter, and has done as much business, as a lawyer generally does for the first six months after he begins; but the prospects are far from being encouraging. When I am in spirits this circumstance strikes me only as an incentive to more strenuous exertions: and at such times I feel such a resolution to overcome difficulties, that I seem already in a fair way of acquiring reputation and property. My father says, that when he was a student, he heard, an old lawyer tell the present Judge Sewall, who was then a student likewise, “that he never knew a lawyer that studied, who did not grow rich.” The observation made an impression, and his own experience has confirmed it.1
1. JQA adds, in his line-a-day entry: “Rather idle. Time lost” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-11

11th.

This day completes my twenty first year; It emancipates me from the yoke of paternal authority which I never felt, and places me upon my own feet, which have not strength enough to support me. I continue therefore still in a state of dependence. { 428 } One third of the period of my professional studies has also now elapsed; and two years more will settle me, should life and health continue; in a situation where all my expectations are to center. I feel sometimes a strong desire to know what my circumstances will be in seven years from this: but I must acknowledge, I believe my happiness would rather be injured than improved by the information.1
1. In his line-a-day entry, JQA adds: “Mr. Cranch. Shooting” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-12

12th.

In the diverse amusements of reading, of shooting birds, and playing upon our flutes we past the present day.1 The weather is and has for a fortnight past been such that fatiguing occupations cannot be attended to: I read very little; and that of a light kind which does not greatly engage the mind; and as for writing, I have so much abandoned it that I have not written three pages since I left Newbury-Port. My brothers are much in the same way.
1. JQA mentions “Priestley on history. Bathing” in his line-a-day entry (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-13

13th.

Weather still extremely warm. I heard Parson Wibird. Mr. Q. Thaxter was at meeting in the forenoon; and went and dined with us. In the afternoon, Madam, went down to my Uncle Quincy's, and I drank tea with my brothers at my Uncle Adams's. And we bath'd at the creek in the evening.1
1. JQA notes, in his line-a-day entry, “Parson Wibird all day,” presumably referring to his attendance at meeting in the morning and afternoon (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-14

14th.

Ben Beale came from Taunton this morning; he did not stop, but promised to come and see us ere long. When I came in from shooting, which still continues to be my sport and my occupation, I found a Parson West1 here, an old gentleman, who was three years in college with my father, and at that time very intimate with him. He is very sociable and very sensible. He spent { 429 } the day here, and passes the night likewise. He keeps late hours and entertained me with conversation upon language, till between twelve and one o'clock. Doctor Leonard left us this morning, after having past almost a week with us. He appears to be a very clever well disposed man; but possessing no great learning nor even much information.
1. Samuel West, Harvard 1754, minister of the First Congregational Society, New Bedford, for whom JA had a life-long “strong affection” (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates, 13:501–510; JA, Diary and Autobiography, 3:261).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-15

15th.

Mr. West went away this morning; My Father and my brother Charles, went to Boston; whence they will proceed tomorrow to Cambridge. Beale came here this forenoon, and took a dinner with us. He is studying law, with Mr. Barnes at Taunton, but spends much of his time at home. Mr. Wibird pass'd the afternoon and evening here. Dr. Tufts called here on his way to Boston, and my brother Tom went to Cambridge this afternoon; for my own part, I preferred waiting till tomorrow morning. And I have finally determined to return here after Commencement, at least for a day or two.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-16

16th.

Commencement day. I mounted my horse, somewhat early, and arrived at Cambridge by nine o'clock. The first Salutation I received as I was going into the College yard was “repent: for the kingdom of Heaven is at hand.” It was a crazy man; but without any great share of enthusiasm, for that sentence was the only thing he said; and he repeated it every two or three minutes during the whole forenoon: and I could not help reflecting with pleasure upon the happy liberality of sentiment, which prevails so much that a man of this kind, so far from attracting the notice of the executive power, could not even draw a crowd around him. I saw my Classmates in abundance; there were more than thirty of us here. At about eleven we went to the meeting house; and I got a seat in the foremost gallery, next to Townsend. The procession soon came on, and the president after making a prayer, and informing the audience it was the desire of the overseers and corporation that there might be no “clapping applause,” called For the Salutatory Oration, which was spoken by Phillips, and { 430 } was pretty well delivered. An English poem, on the prospects of America, by Dodge, was not without its merit; but would not bear comparison with that spoken last Commencement by Harris. The order in which the other performances came on was as follows.
A forensic disputation upon this question. Whether the balance would be in favour of our existence were there no state but the present. By Sanders and Tappan.
A greek Conference upon the evil effects of avarice, and of prodigality, upon Society. By Gardner and Jackson.
A forensic disputation. Whether a republic is more secure of the continuance of its liberties, where the officers in the higher branches of government are elected for several years, than when they are annually elected? By Gordon and Lincoln.
An English conference. Whether a large emigration from Europe into the United States of America, would upon the whole be for the real advantage of the States. By Adams 2d. and Cabot.
An English Oration. By Abbot.
The syllogistics were omitted, and these performances were finished by two o'clock. I went and dined at Judge Dana's, and at about four returned to the meeting house. An English Oration was delivered by Mr. Ware upon the effects of religion, upon civil government and Society. It was an excellent Oration, and notwithstanding the president's Caution in the morning, there was something like a clap; which proceeded chiefly I imagine from the Students that were present. The president with his peculiar elegance of expression said “I am sorry that the desires of the Corporation and Overseers should be infringed upon,” and proceeded to give the degrees. There was a new ceremony, of giving a degree of bachelor in physic. Two young fellows by the name of Hall and Fleet received these diplomas, and even the president in giving them seemed to have the awkwardness of novelty about him. A valedictory Oration was spoken by Mr. Allyne, and the president made a concluding prayer, which concluded the public ceremonies of the day. I forgot to observe that after the forenoon performances were finished, the governor got up, addressed the president who was likewise standing, by the title of “reverend and learned Sir,” and made a long speech in which he blest his Stars for being born in a land of Liberty and Science &c. Some people thought his performance was equal to any in the course of the day; but opinions on that subject were { 431 } divided. It was prepared before hand, though it bore ample testimony of the genius and learning which the young gentlemen had display'd.

“Wherein all prophets far out went he

Though former days produced a plenty.

For any man, with half an eye

What stands before him can espy,

But optics sharp it needs, I ween

To see what is not to be seen.”1

To return. After we came out of the meeting house I stroll'd about for some time, greeting one friend and another as I met them. I went with Forbes and Little, and drank tea at Dr. Wigglesworth's. I returned to College, and spent the evening in diverse places. I finally found young Phillips, and took a supper with him at his chamber where I found also a number of his classmates. I retired at about eleven o'clock having enjoy'd the day very highly; but my spirits had been so much raised that I could get but little sleep.
1. John Trumbull, McFingal, Phila., 1775, p. 3 (lines 65–70).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-17

17th.

The young gentlemen who graduated yesterday were.
Benjamin Abbot
Solomon Adams
Thomas Adams
Thomas Bancroft
Oliver Barron
Stephen Baxter
Joseph Brigham
Joseph Cabot
George Caryl
Edward Clarke
Oliver Dodge
James Gardner
Adam Gordon
William Hill
Charles Jackson
Abner Lincoln
Henry Phelps
John Phillips
James Prescott
Daniel Clarke Sanders
William Sawyer
Amos Tappan
John Dexter Treadwell
Charles Turner
Nathan Underwood
Samuel West
Robert Wier
Jacob Kimbal's name is inserted in the Theses and Catalogue but he could not obtain his degree being unable to pay his bills.
{ 432 }
This morning Mr. Andrews called me at College, before six o'clock, and we soon departed together towards Braintree where we arrived at about nine. Mr. Andrews breakfasted with us, and then proceeded to Hingham. My Spirits were so much exalted yesterday, that a contrary effect seems this day to take place; the bow-string by being too much distended cannot regain its usual position without an intermediate relaxation; the weather was sultry and I felt much fatigued.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-18

18th.

Upon the warmest day we have had this Summer I was obliged to go to Boston, upon a hard trotting horse; with the Sun blazing in my face all the way. I do not know that I ever suffered more, from the heat. And when I got into Boston I was obliged to bustle about almost all the day. I had to call three times at Mr. Green's Store before I could get the payment for a bill of exchange, which I think is a very irregular manner for a merchant to transact business. I got the money however in the afternoon. I dined at Mr. Dawes's. He was not at home himelf; but Mrs. Dawes is a charming woman. She is handsome, but there is an amiable sweetness in her countenance and manners, far more pleasing, than the most perfect beauty could be without it. W. Cranch accompanied me in all my excursions. We went together on the top of Beacon hill; and greatly enjoyed the fine prospect, and the refreshing breeze. At about seven o'clock the wind got round, and it grew quite cool. I mounted, and rode about a quarter of an hour in the rain, after which I had a tolerable ride, and got home, by nine o'clock. I had taken some letters from the post-office, which were from my Sister at New York.1
1. Possibly AA2 to JQA, 8 June (Adams Papers); and AA2 to AA, 15–22 June, in AA2, Jour. and Corr., 2:80–84||, and Adams Family Correspondence, 8:273–275.||

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-19

19th.

I was considerably fatigued by my jaunt of yesterday, but made out however to read something, in the course of the day; and in the slow progress which I have made since I came to Braintree, I have at length got through the volume of Doctor Priestley upon history and general policy, which I take to be an excellent work; I shall take as early an opportunity as possible to peruse it again.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-20

20th.

I tarried at home this forenoon, in order to write a Letter to my Sister.1 In the afternoon I attended at meeting.2 Went up to Mr. Cranch's after meeting and pass'd an hour there. I took my leave of them, and went home to prepare for returning to Newbury-Port. I know not that I ever left Braintree with so much regret. I have past my time most agreeably here these five weeks, and have had almost all my nearest connexions and dearest friends about me: but otherwise, almost all the Time has been lost to me, and I must return to those pursuits which are to be the support of my future Life. In the winter I hope, to spend some weeks here, and then I shall endeavour to join the utile dulci.
1. Letter not found.
2. “Heard Parson Wibird” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-21

21st.

This morning I left Braintree in company with my brother Tom, who was going to Haverhill; and in order to have company, so great a part of the way, I determined to go there with him. We stopp'd a short time at Cambridge, and I went to Dr. Rand's to take a Letter from Miss Newhall, as I had promised her at Commencement. She was gone out but had left the Letter. We dined in Wilmington, and got to Haverhill between seven and eight o'clock.1 In Woburn, we saw young Bartlett who had thoughts some time since, of opening an office in Braintree, but got discouraged there and finally determined upon Woburn, where from the appearance of the place, I should doubt somewhat of his succeeding very much; but in the present state of the profession, there can be but little choice of place for a young man.
1. JQA adds, in his line-a-day entry, a reference to Mr. Shaw, at whose house he presumably stayed (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-22

22d.

I went to see Leonard White this forenoon. His father has been unwell for some days past. His complaints are of a lethargic nature, and his habit is such, that such disorders must probably prove in the end fatal to him. He now sleeps as much as half his time, and is consequently half dead. I went to see Mrs. Bartlett, and saw Mr. S. Blodget there: his brother Caleb, and young Mr. { 434 } Breck I met with yesterday on the road from Boston; at the tavern, and they came forward before us. I pass'd the afternoon at Mr. Thaxter's, and the evening at Mr. Shaw's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-23

23d.

I had almost promised Mr. Thaxter to wait till the afternoon; but as there was an appearance of a probability that the weather would be disagreeable, I thought it would be safest to come home before dinner. My Brother Tom, rode with me about four miles to the ferry. I got to my lodgings between twelve and one. I called at Dr. Kilham's shop: and there received an invitation from Mr. Marquand to dine with him. There was some company there; but persons with whom I had no acquaintance. I called at the office in the afternoon: and returned to Mr. Marquand's to tea. In the evening, I went and delivered to Miss Coats the letter which Miss Newhall left for her, and came home quite early.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-24

24th.

I returned, and once more took my seat in the office: but did little this forenoon. Thompson was unwell, and did not attend. I went with Putnam to club at Little's; there were only three of us. Thompson being indisposed, and Stacey out of town. I was this day inform'd that Pickman has lain aside all thoughts of practising Law, and has already opened a Store in Boston. The determination was rather sudden; for it is but a fortnight, since he was sworn in to Court at Salem; where he then intended to open an office immediately. But he never was fond of the profession, and while he was studying with us I suspected, that he would never do much business as a lawyer.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-25

25th.

Mr. Andrews came to town last night, and called to see us at the office this forenoon. They have engaged him to preach here at Mr. Carey's for six Sundays and will probably employ him longer still. I returned this day to Bacon's pleas and pleading, which I left when I went to Braintree. But could not proceed with great advantage, as I left my extract book,1 in a small trunk which was to come this day in the stage; but has somehow failed. I shall make some alterations for the future in my plan of study: { 435 } I shall not confine myself so closely and exclusively to the law; but shall devote some part of the day to studies of a lighter and more entertaining kind.
1. Not found.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-26

26th.

I went to pay a visit to Mrs. Hooper: but disappointed her by having no news from her son Jo, who is now with Mr. Townsend. Took a long walk quite alone.
We have a new boarder at my lodgings; a Mr. Romain, a frenchman; who came, a few days after I went from here last. I have not seen him yet: as he went on a fishing party the day that I came home; and is not yet returned.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-27

27th.

Mr. Andrews preached for us this day; and was somewhat longer than usual to the great satisfaction of some people who cannot easily be contented. Mr. Spring, and Mr. Murray, both had a third meeting in the evening; it was occasional at Mr. Murray's, but Mr. Spring is determined henceforth to make a practice of giving a lecture on Sundays; besides, one in the evening, on Thursdays. As Mr. Carey's parish may now be considered as vacant, an opportunity presents to attract some of those who belong there. The spiritual welfare of the individuals may charitably be supposed the only motive which Mr. Spring will acknowledge even to himself. But says the duke de la Rochefoucault, (who was as fully convinced of the depravity of the human heart as Mr. Spring, and who was much better acquainted with it.) 'Tesprit est toujours la dupe du coeur.” The head is ever the dupe of the heart. And when the passions assume the form of principle, the disguise will be discovered by every body else sooner than by the man who is directed by them. Mr. Spring's interest will be promoted should he make converts, for his parish is small and poor: his vanity will be flattered, by bringing people over to his opinion; and when in addition to this, his imagination fondly perswades him, that his cause is likewise the cause of God, it is not to be wondered that he can reconcile himself to contradictions, and that his practice is openly at variance with his theory, which condemns the use of means for bringing sinners to repentance.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-28

28th.

I finished reading Bacon's pleas and pleading: but the subject is so knotty that I must at some future period, read this over once or twice more. I began a third time upon Blackstone, a book which a lawyer cannot possibly read too much. In the evening I walk'd into Newbury with Stacey. I have been engaged for some days upon a matter which takes all my leisure time: it is in writing a piece for the 5th. of September. The Society at Cambridge, have ordered me to speak on that day; and I shall obey, if I can possibly attend.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-29

29th.

After spending the day as usual, I walk'd with Stacey and Putnam. After going some way into Newbury we return'd, and walk'd upon a sort of a terrass in high Street.1 We there saw a number of young Ladies who seemed to expect to be accosted; and some of whom finally sat down on the grass, perhaps to see if that would not call our attention to them; but we were really inexorable: notwithstanding Miss Bradbury was there: indeed it has been observed that Putnam has of late wholly altered his conduct towards her; and there have been many speculations concerning the cause or the causes of this difference. Some of these young Ladies were so much piqued at our apparent neglect of them that they revenged themselves with proper Spirit by laughing loud at us as we past by them: and what punishment could possibly be more severe than the ridicule of a young Lady?
1. Presumably at the “Frog pond” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-30

30th.

This afternoon Mr. Cutler called at our office, and perswaded me to ride with him up to Mr. Brown's farm; where we found a number of young Ladies. The afternoon was tolerably insipid: we drank tea there; and afterwards escorted the Ladies. I rode with Miss Jones, and left her at Captain Fletcher's. I afterwards returned there, but she was already gone. There was a very brilliant northern light in the evening.
Mr. Cutler is one of the most complaisant persons with whom I am acquainted. The ladies employ him upon almost every occasion; and yet behave to him in such a manner as does not express { 437 } a sense of obligations received. They even slight and disregard him for performing those services by which he renders himself useful to them. There are problems in the female character, which are not easily solved.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0007-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-07-31

31st.

I amuse myself in reading Junius's letters; which though the factious productions of a partizan, contain many excellent observations upon men and manners.
We met this evening at Putnam's. Thompson left us to go to Lecture!1
1. Below JQA's line-a-day entry for 31 July in D/JQA/13, he has written in Byrom's shorthand method “year August 28th,” the significance of which is unknown to the editors, but may be related to his earlier notation in Byrom's shorthand. See entry for 30 June, note 1 (above).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-01

Friday August 1st. 1788.

The day was spent in the usual uninteresting manner: indeed it may be generally observed that the more advantageously the day is employed for myself; the less I have to say at the close of it.1 I walk'd in the evening with Stacey till after nine o'clock.
1. JQA notes, in his line-a-day entry, Blackstone's Commentaries, which he presumably read this day (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-02

2d.

Mr. Farnham proposed to me this morning to join a party, which was formed to go in the afternoon to the grove; a romantic spot, where the young people are fond of visiting. I declined however: and they finally gave up the scheme, as they were informed the proprietor of the land had some objections. I have been this week tolerably industrious.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-03

3d.

I heard Mr. Andrews preach. About as long as he was last Sunday. I think he is gaining ground in the parish. And am in hopes that he may be finally settled, without much opposition. Which would greatly disappoint some flaming zealots, who like all zealots justify unworthy means by the sanctity of the end.
I walk'd in the beginning of the evening with Stacey: and af• { 438 } terwards called at Mrs. Hooper's. Betsey gratified her temper by the most unlimited severity upon a number of young Ladies who usually associate together. There appears by her conversation to be some peculiar enmity against them: her mother always reproves her, and always follows her example. There appears a singular pleasure in observing the trifling and silly conduct of that circle; and thus throughout Society, the follies of one, always contribute to the gratification of many others.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-04

4th.

Blackstone still furnishes me with employment for my forenoon hours; and I this day took up the fourth volume of Hume's History, which I was reading when I last went from here. This author's manifest partiality in favour of the Stuarts, his unceasing labours to palliate their faults, and his blindness to their crimes, must be overlook'd or forgiven in favor of the great entertainment which he affords.
I pass'd the evening with Thompson, at Mr. Carter's. The Conversation was not uncommonly interesting, though the old gentleman, is always agreeable to me. Betsey Smith of Boston was there and has been with them for several weeks.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-05

5th.

This forenoon A Doctor Young came to our office, for a writ against a number of insurgents. It seems he was a volunteer in the service of government, the winter before last; and being upon a party against several of them received a ball in his knee, which has made him a cripple for Life. He brought an action against them some time since at Worcester, but his jury were one half of them insurgents, who were for giving him no damages, and the other half thought he should have a thousand or fifteen hundred pounds, they could not agree: upon which he discontinued his action, and is now determined to bring one forward in this County, where he hopes to find a more impartial jury. The cause will, I doubt not, be very interesting, and Mr. Parsons will exert himself.
I walk'd in the evening with Stacey.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-06

6th.

Putnam went last week to Danvers, and return'd this forenoon. He brought me a Letter, which came from Townsend,1 enclosing one for Mrs. Hooper. Amory it seems has suddenly determined to open an office in Salem; and has already put his determination into execution. He had concluded to take a trip, either to Georgia, or Carolina; but upon being informed that Pickman had altered his scheme; he thought it would be best to try his fortune first in this part of the Country. I went in the evening with Thompson, up to Mrs. Atkins's. I told them that Townsend was coming here next week. Becca said she hoped he would make himself welcome by bringing Jo. Hooper with him: it was conjectured while Townsend lived in this Town, that he had a partiality for this lady. He frequented the house very much; and there appears now a coolness in them bordering upon the resentment of disappointment. Mrs. Atkins said that a man must generally be a good judge of his own compositions, and ask'd me if I was of that opinion; I was not and endeavoured to avoid answering directly; but she would not suffer it; and I was finally obliged to agree, to the truth of her observation; protestando to myself that it was only from complaisance to a Lady, that I agreed; which will always excuse a little self-denying as Hudibras calls it.
1. Letter not found.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-07

7th.

Thompson did not attend this day at the Office. Phillips called to see us this afternoon. He has been to Portsmouth, and is now upon his return to Boston: he expects to read law in Mr. Dawes's office. I walk'd into Newbury this evening with Stacey. The evenings grow long to my great regret. At present I can employ the evening from dusk till nine o'clock in walking; and as I am not over fond of visiting, this is the most agreeable, as well as to me the most useful method of spending my Time. I am not upon familiar terms in one house in Town; and upon the cold formality of ceremony, with which all my visits must be accompanied, I confess I wish not to be extensively acquainted.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-08

8th.

We met this evening at my lodgings, as we have changed the evening in order to accommodate Thompson who wishes to attend Mr. Spring's lectures. This young fellow, who is possessed of most violent passions which he with great difficulty can command, and of unbounded ambition, which he conceals perhaps even to himself has been seduced into that bigoted, illiberal system of religion which by professing vainly, to follow purely the dictates of the bible, in reality contradicts the whole doctrine of the new testament, and destroys all the boundaries between good and evil, between right and wrong. But like all the followers of that sect, his practice is at open variance with his theory. When I observe into what inconsistent absurdities those persons run, who make speculative, metaphysical religion a matter of importance, I am fully determined never to puzzle myself in the mazes of religious discussion, to content myself with practising the dictates of God and reason; so far as I can judge for myself; and resign myself into the arms of a being whose tender mercies are over all his works.1
1. To this account JQA adds, in his line-a-day entry, “Walk'd after nine. Journal” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-09

9th.

Thompson went to see Miss Roberts at Newtown. I cannot read with so much satisfaction for some days past, as I usually do, as my eyes are very troublesome. Walk'd in the evening, but quite alone: I finished a day or two since, my performance for the 5th. of next month;1 and am now very closely engaged in a matter which has been accumulating upon me these two months.
1. According to JQA's draft copy of the Phi Beta Kappa speech, he had completed it on 6 Aug.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-10

10th.

Mr. Kimball supplied the place of Mr. Andrews this day. I observed none of Captn. Coombs's family were at meeting, and heard in the afternoon that his Daughter Polly, had left this world; and I trust for a better, this morning; after an illness of four or five months. In the afternoon I went to Mr. Spring's, meeting and heard a Mr. Story1 preach there hammering away in { 441 } the true stile upon predestination and free-will. None but an atheist he said could doubt of the former; and no man that had common sense of the latter. He endeavoured to soften his system as much as possible; hoping thereby, I suppose, that he might be employ'd in the other parish.
I walk'd with Stacey and Romain, in the evening. We met Amory who was returning from Cape Ann with Miss Fletcher. After he had carried her home, he went at about 9 in the evening with Stacey to Ipswich.
1. Probably Isaac Story, minister of the Second Congregational Church of Marblehead (James McLachlan, Princetonians, 1748–1768: A Biographical Dictionary, Princeton, 1976, p. 655–657).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-11

11th.

Thompson watch'd last evening;1 in consequence of which he felt not much disposed to study closely this day, and was but little at the office. Walk'd in the evening with Putnam.
1. For protection against fires and other disorders, the town of Newburyport required the services of two night watchmen, chosen by the constables from a list of all able-bodied townsmen (Currier, Newburyport, 2:46).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-12

12th.

I called in the afternoon for about half an hour, at the office. Attended Miss Coombs's funeral. It was very long. I walk'd with Putnam. As we were returning we accosted Miss Jones and Miss Fletcher; and waited on them home. After which we went to see Townsend Who came in town this forenoon; we past an hour or two there and afterwards walk'd till between nine and ten. Townsends cough, still hangs upon him; and although he fansies himself essentially better, his situation appears to me more dangerous, than it did four months ago. His spirits however are as brisk and lively as they ever were; and he talks as much as ever; which I believe is rather injurious to him.
My Time flies from me with the rapidity of a whirlwind. Every hour is precious, and every moment unemployed becomes a subject of regret. This afternoon has been lost to me; unless the view of the object before me, be turned to some profit; though even that by showing more forcibly the brevity and uncertainty of Life, should rather condemn me, for neglecting to improve every minute to the best purposes.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-13

13th.

Mrs. Emery who has been very ill these four or five weeks, died last night, leaving to the wide world two orphan children, who three years ago had the fairest prospects of sharing a fortune of ten thousand pounds sterling; but who in consequence of Mr. Tracy's misfortunes, are now almost destitute of support.
I walk'd in the evening with Stacey and Little. Stacey left us. We met Putnam walking with some young Ladies. I joined them, and pass'd the remainder of the evening at Mr. Frazier's. These young Misses have assumed an importance rather above their years, and to the trifling conduct and conversation of childhood, unite the punctilious formality of riper years. I receive not much satisfaction in their company, and as they are handsome, I had rather look at them for five minutes than be with them five hours. Putnam is not so difficult to please. He can conform to their manners, and enter into all their debates: he is consequently a favourite.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-14

14th.

This was a day of humiliation and prayer at Mr. Carey's: on account of his sickness; and to implore the assistance of providence in choosing a colleague to supply his place. Mr. Webster of Salisbury preached in the forenoon; and performed very well. But Dr. Tucker in the afternoon was very interesting and pathetic; in showing how good and pleasant a thing it is for brethren to dwell together in unity. I attended Mrs. Emery's funeral. Mr. Andrews made the prayer; and performed even better than was expected. I passed part of the evening with Townsend; called at Mr. Tufts's, to see Mrs. Shaw; but she was gone out. Mr. Shaw called to see me in the morning. They came in town last night.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-15

15th.

I called in at Mr. Tufts's to see Mrs. Shaw this morning. I found old Mr. Carter there. Geneological as usual. I dined at his house, with my friends from Haverhill. He asked me to return to tea: I excused myself. He said that tippling business would be going on, every afternoon at six o'clock; if I would call there, I should be welcome. I returned to the Office but felt so much dis• { 443 } sipated, that I could not attend with much application. We met this evening at Stacey's lodgings. Townsend went away just before Sun-set. Lincoln1 a classmate of Thompson's, pass'd the evening with us. Though a young preacher, he is not so rigid in his principles as many others are. In the close of the evening we took a walk.
1. Rev. Henry Lincoln, minister at Falmouth, Mass. (History of the Town of Hingham, 4 vols, in 3, Hingham, 1893, 2:467).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-16

16th.

Dined with Townsend, in company with Mr. Andrews, and Thompson. After dinner we took a ride: went down to Mr. N. Tracy's, but he was not at home. On the road we met the governor, who was coming into Town. We went to Mrs. Atkins's. She was in fine spirits and consequently very good company. We were however obliged to come away early as the weather was rather disagreeable. I spent the evening at Mr. Hooper's. Mr. Cutler was there. We stroll'd about, an hour or more after we came away.
The week has disappeared in a very singular manner; some thing or other has taken me from my studies every day; and at the close of the week I regret the Time lost without being able to repair it. This is not the first time that I have experienced this effect since I came into this Town, and I greatly fear it will not be the last.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-17

17th.

Mr. Andrews preach'd for us; this forenoon he was lengthy in his prayer upon the late misfortunes in the several families. In his Sermon he likewise touched upon the subject, in recommending to us, so to number our days, that we might apply our hearts unto wisdom. I past the evening with Townsend. There fell a considerable quantity of rain, in the course of the last night, and of this day. And it will be very useful, as the fruits of the ground were languishing for want of moisture.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-18

18th.

This morning I perceived a deal of stirring in the Streets; and was finally informed that the governor was reviewing the troops { 444 } of this Town; after which a number of officers, and other gentlemen escorted his excellency to Haverhill; where he intends to dine; and then I suppose he means to show himself some where else. I passed the day at the Office. And the evening, at home in writing; I intended to have taken my usual exercice; but upon leaving the office, I found it was raining, and it continued all the evening. I amused myself tolerably well at home. I have indeed had for some time past almost as much business to do at my lodgings as at the office; but I hope to be gradually relieved.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-19

19th.

Several of the gentlemen who accompanied the governor, yesterday to Haverhill, went on to Salem with him, and did not return till this evening. I was with Townsend.1
1. JQA's line-a-day entry for this day reads: “Stacey return'd. Rain. Walk with Putnam. Townsend” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-20

20th.

I was walking with Putnam in one of the Streets in Town, this evening, when we heard a strange noise in a house, and a number of people standing round it. We went up to the window and heard a man exhorting as they call it. That is calling upon God, in every tone of voice, and repeating a number of texts of scripture, incoherently huddled together, so as to make an unintelligible jumble of nonsense, which they think is a proper method of seeking the Lord.1
1. JQA adds in his line-a-day entry, “Busy doing nothing” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-21

21st.

Upon Stacey's invitation I went with him and Putnam, and two young lads by the name of Greenough, to Mr. Greenleaf's; where we had something like a concert of music. The house was soon filled with people; it seemed as if there was nobody within five miles that had ever heard the sound of a violin before. Some of the young Ladies thought it would be pretty to join with their voices in the music; and the concert thenceforth became both vocal and instrumental. I was fatigued by ten o'clock; and could blow no more: and finding that Stacey and Putnam had got so { 445 } much engaged, with a lovely songstress, (or one that might be lovely) as shew no prospect of an intention to quit, I came off and left them at about eleven o'clock.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-22

22d.

We assembled this evening at Thompson's. Mr. Greenleaf called in and past an hour with us. He was apprehensive that we were disgusted with the crowd last evening; but we undeceived him. He talk'd about the war; for he was an officer in our army.

“And little of this great world can he speak

More than pertains to feats of broils and battle.”1

Putnam has not yet got over his trick of leaving us to join the young Ladies; but this evening he acknowledged, he was going to Mr. Frazier's. We likewise walk'd in the evening, and stroll'd about till ten o'clock.
1. Othello, Act I, scene iii, lines 86–87.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-23

23d.

Dined at Thompson's, with Mr. Andrews and Townsend. In the afternoon I took a ride with Little to Haverhill. I endeavoured to persuade him to go with me the week after next to Cambridge; but my labour was in vain. We had a very smart thunder shower, while we were on the road, but it was very soon over.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
DateRange: 1788-08-24 - 1788-09-02

[24 August–2 September]

Here, this journal very abruptly breaks off. I had long doubted whether the utility attending the method which I have pursued were adequate to the time I have devoted to it. But an indisposition, which for two months has prevented me from writing has finally turned the wavering scale.
I will not however immediately drop all memorials of my transactions; but the remainder of this volume will probably contain a space of time as long as that recorded already in more than two vols, and an half.1
1. This entry appears immediately after the previous one. Handwriting and the lighter ink suggest that it and the entries for 23 Aug. and 3 Sept. were probably written at the same time. After this entry, with scattered exceptions, the only Diary entries for the remainder of the year come from line-a-day memoranda in D/JQA/13. The exceptions, from D/JQA/12, are 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 20, 24, 27, 30 Sept. and 1, 2, 3, 7, 14 Oct.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-24

24.

Parson Dutch preach'd. L. White and Mr. Thaxter.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-25

25th.

Return'd from Haverhill. Somewhat interrupted.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-26

26th.

Office business. Takes from reading. Dined with Mr. Parsons.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-27

27.

Mr. Parsons went to Boston. Wrote. Mr. Cabot &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-28

28.

Walk'd with Stacey. Curious conversation. Greenough's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-29

29.

Funeral. Mr. Atkins. Met in the evening at Putnams.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-30

30.

Rain. Little past the evening with me.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0008-0032

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-08-31

31.

Heard Mr. Prince. Mr. Marquand's. Mr. Jackson's. Religious tattoo.1
1. At the bottom of the page of line-a-day entries for Aug. 1788, but not necessarily referring to the date of 31 Aug., appears the following note: “Memorandum: Stacey borrow'd book, for Ipswich.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-01

September 1. 1788.

Rain. Pass'd the evening with Stacey.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-02

2.

Finished Hume and Blackstone. Little &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-03

Wednesday September 3d.

I went over the river with Stacey and Romain upon a shooting party. We had tolerable success. It was very windy; and with a heavy boat and only one oar, we had some difficulty to get across the river. Bridge arrived this day in town. I proposed to him to go with me to-morrow: and he has partly promised to accept my proposal. I this evening informed Mrs. Leathers of my intention to change my lodgings.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-04

Thursday September 4th.

Left Newbury-Port this morning with Bridge: we dined at Putnam's in Dan vers. Very indifferent entertainment. After mistaking our road, and going to Winisimet ferry, we finally got to Cambridge a little before 9 o'clock. Lodg'd at Bradish's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-05

Friday September 5th.

The assembly at the anniversary of the Ф.B.K. was more numerous than I have known it. There were near forty members present, among whom were two from Dartmouth college. Lincoln, who was to have been one of the speakers obtained leave to be excused on account of ill health. The governor, happening to be here with the admiral, and some other officers of the french squadron, now in Boston harbour, honoured us with his presence; as did all the college officers.
I spoke the oration which is hereto annexed,1 after which we retired to the butler's chamber: the french Consul, who had likewise attended came there to compliment me &c. After doing what business was necessary, we all went down to Warland's and dined together; and the festive board crowned the enjoyments of friendship.
An Oration.
Spoken, at the request of the ΦBK Society at Cambridge, September 5th. 1788.
Among the various objects which attract the attention of a youth about to enter upon the scenes of active Life, a view of the prospects before him, and of the Fortunes which expectation leads him to imagine will attend him affords one of the most fruitful sources of contemplation. From an anticipation of futurity, and from the recollection of the past, we chiefly derive the variety of mental enjoyment; and at an early period of life, as { 448 } we are necessarily precluded in a great measure from the satisfaction arising from the one, the mind naturally recurs more frequently and with a firmer confidence to the other. It must however be acknowledged that we are often prone to view the distant objects through the deceptive medium of fansy, or of the passions.
Should a concurrence of agreeable circumstances, lead us to the contemplation of this subject, at a time when the spirits are elated by the temporary impulsion of successful satisfaction, we soar rapidly upon the wings of a flattering imagination, and soon lose ourselves bewildered amidst the magnificent objects with which we have adorned the road around us. Unmindful of the precarious tenure by which all human enjoyments are held, we behold Fortune and Fame emulously striving to invest us in the possession of all the blessings which they can impart, and in the ardor of juvenile exultation eastern opulence is scarcely competent to the satisfaction of our avarice, eastern grandeur to that of our ambition. But should some untoward event occur, to awaken us from these fantastic dreams, we descend with rapidity from the visionary elevation, and sink as far beneath the level of rational probability, as we had before been raised above it. The path of life becomes rugged with thorns: a thousand obstacles apparently stand before us, and the approach to the seats of happiness, like that to the garden of the Hesperides seems under the perpetual custody of fiery dragons. We dwell with involuntary terror upon the ideas of the malice, the treachery and envy which we expect from our fellow mortals untill we are ready to imagine that our Life is to be a state of continual warfare with the whole human race. The baseless fabric of our hopes vanishes like the phantom of a fairy tale, and the mind oppressed by the contemplation of these gloomy objects is almost ready to settle in a state of sullen despondency.
I presume your own feelings, my worthy friends, will testify that this representation can scarcely be charged with exaggeration: and yet, why on the one hand, should we ever indulge ourselves in expectations which never can be realized; why on the other, anticipate evils, which can surely never come too late.
Egregiously indeed should we deceive ourselves were we to imagine that in the course of a life of ease and contentment, we could obtain the enjoyments of riches or of honour. It is by a combination of indefatigable industry and rigid oeconomy that { 449 } great wealth is acquired; for when we have done all that can depend upon ourselves, when we have laboured without intermission, and been sparing even to parsimony, still we frequently experience that “bread is not always to the wise nor yet riches to men of understanding.” Great honours we must remember are the reward of great exertions. The reputation of a Statesman or a Warrior is generally proportioned to the distresses from which he relieved or attempted to relieve his country; and the defeats of Thrasymene and Cannae are monuments erected to the fame of the elder Scipio, no less glorious than the victory of Zama.
When we contemplate the atchievements of the numerous train of heroes whose names, through the successive revolutions of four hundred years, adorn the annals of the roman republic our bosoms are animated with an ardent desire to emulate their virtues. We admire the undaunted fortitude with which every danger was braved, we admire the invincible resolution and perseverance, with which every difficulty was overcome, in the defence of their country: and when these virtues are recommended by such illustrious examples, the most exalted minds will fervently wish for opportunities to display those qualities which command the admiration of mankind. But when we consider, that those atchievements could never have been performed had not their Country during the same period been engaged in a perpetual struggle to maintain her very existence against her hostile and surrounding neighbours; when we reflect upon the dreadful calamities which the republic underwent, and how often she was brought to the brink of destruction, the rude and imperious calls of ambition must yield to the soft, persuasive eloquence of humanity, and a sentiment of real patriotism, must forbid us from pursuing the painful preeminence.
But if we should carefully avoid a delusion which by promising unreal advantages exposes us to the mortification of disappointment, how much more reason have we to shun another, which by threatening future distresses, embitters the present moment with the reality of woe. If we can circumscribe our desires within rational bounds; if we can be contented with a situation which affords the most essential enjoyments, we may safely conclude ourselves in a great measure, independent of external circumstances. There is a certain station in life, which if well filled will entitle us to the respect and esteem of our fellow citizens, without holding us up exposed to the envenomed shafts { 450 } of rancorous envy. The rewards of Reason are proportioned rather to the improvement than to the magnitude of the trust; and in her impartial eye we may presume that the man whose usefulness is confined only by the limits of his opportunities to serve his fellow mortals, is no less meritorious than the founder of an empire or the discoveror of a world.—Such is the Divine, whose paternal labours are calculated to instruct, to enlighten and to improve the minds of the flock committed to his charge: whose periodical precepts teach the importance of the great duties of morality and religion, and whose exemplary sanctity of manners endears the virtues which from the sacred desk he earnestly recommends.—Such is the patriotic merchant whose industrious activity is exerted to promote the public interest in connexion with his own, and who by encouraging the agriculture and manufactures of his Country, enlarges the sphere of her beneficial commerce, and liberates her from the humiliating shackles of european dependency.—Such is the lawyer, who, disdaining the base and servile arts of chicanery and intrigue, uniformly exerts his learning and his talents in the cause of injured innocence and of truth.—And such is the humane physician, whose skill and benevolence are directed to the alleviation of the complicated miseries with which humanity is burthened; who, called to the assistance of human nature in all the variety of physical distress, administers not only the restoring preparation to the languishing body; but the balm of consolation to the wounded mind.
The combined advantages of utility and respectability, are not however confined to these professions. In a free country where honour consists not in idleness, the farmer, the mechanic, and the tradesman maintain the dignity due to their station, and become active constituent parts of the political body.
As the regulation of our conduct must in some measure, depend upon the sentiments which we form in the anticipation of our future appearance in life, it may be of some importance to lay a restraint upon the freedom of a wanton imagination, and to view ourselves seated for life, in one of these intermediate stations where removed “Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife”2 we may spend our days with happiness to ourselves, and with usefulness to our fellow mortals. If notwithstanding all our precautions we are destined to become the sport of adverse Fortune, and to undergo evils against which no human prudence can { 451 } guard, at least the cruel stings of disappointed ambition will not add a poignancy to our woes. If on the other hand the blind capricious deity should bestow upon us unexpected favours, we shall be better enabled to improve the advantages which she may offer; to follow her with cautious steps, and to stop without disgrace wherever she may show a disposition to forsake us.
There is indeed one form under which Ambition assumes not merely the form, but with it all the amiable attractions and all the conscious dignity of Virtue. It is in the desire to appear conspicuous in the walks of literature and Science. An ambition, which to the members of the institution, at whose request I appear in this place, which to the sons of Harvard in general, must present itself under an aspect peculiarly engaging. Its gratification depends, not upon the destruction, but upon the improvement of mankind. The trophies erected to the Muses are not upon plains drenched in human gore, but in the hearts of the virtuous and the wise: and although the vulgar of mankind will always bestow more liberal applause upon their destroyers than upon their benefactors, yet the generous and humane will ever esteem the passage through the portico of Science, to be the most honourable avenue to the temple of Fame.
The situation of an infant country is necessarily unfavourable to an extensive encouragement of literary genius: the equality and mediocrity of fortunes renders an active profession necessary for the support of every individual: even those who are the most attached to the pursuits of Literature can view them only as a secondary object: in the ordinary course of human transactions the noblest faculties of the mind must droop and languish for want of culture and improvement.

“Full many a flower be born to blush unseen

And waste its sweetness on the desart air.”

We find accordingly, that previous to the late revolution, America had produced so few men of great eminence, that European philosophers of no small note, arguing from this single fact, which is otherwise so well accounted for, have ventured to affirm, that Nature, like a partial step-mother had distributed her favours very unequally between the inhabitants of the two hemispheres: that a smaller portion of the etherial spirit had been allotted to man, on this than on the other side of the atlantic; and in the presumptuous pride of human reason, they have been al• { 452 } most tempted to deny us the honours of the species, and to assign us a station among the inferior animals of creation. This humiliating theory is ere this well exploded. The late revolution has brought forth american characters in arts and arms whose reputation is limited only by the boundaries of the civilized world: one of our most illustrious countrymen has successfully combated the insulting system in all its connections: and his performance3 carries an internal evidence in favour of his opinions; as unanswerable, as the arguments and the facts which he adduces.
It becomes then incumbent upon the rising generation to maintain in all its lustre the splendid reputation which our country has acquired. To you therefore who are conscious of possessing the divine spark of transcendent genius, suffer me to express my ardent desire, that you may cherish the generous flame: that, in the various departments of Philosophy and History; of Oratory and Poetry, you may extract from this blooming garden of Science, such fragrant sweets, as shall hereafter diffuse their salutary influence throughout this extensive continent: that you may live to enjoy the fruits of a reputation founded upon your extensive usefulness to mankind; and that, after treading honourably the theatre of human life, when the scene shall close, and the curtain drop, you may be dismissed from the stage of action, with the unbounded plaudits of a grateful and admiring universe.
We separated early in the afternoon, and I went and paid a visit at Dr. Waterhouse's, and at Mr. Williams's. I went to Boston; where Bridge left me; and I took up my brother Tom. We met my classmate Tom Chandler, who just came from Hallifax: we got to Braintree between 7 and 8 o'clock, where I found Mr. Parsons, who pass'd the evening with us but lodg'd at Mr. Woodward's.
1. Two other contemporary MS copies of JQA's Phi Beta Kappa speech are in the Adams Papers. These include his draft copy, dated 24 July-6 Aug., and a loose copy, presumably made from the draft. Excluding the one exception noted below, these two copies contain only minor stylistic changes from the Diary copy (M/JQA/46, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 241; “An Oration,” originally microfilmed under the date [1786–1787]).
2. This and the next quotation are from Thomas Gray, “Elegy written in a Country Churchyard.”
3. At this point JQA made the following notation: “Notes upon Virginia, by Thomas Jefferson Esqr.” The whole passage at the end of this paragraph, beginning with “one of our most illustrious countrymen,” was added to the speech after JQA wrote his draft copy.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-06

6.

Saltmarsh. Read. Mr. Cranch's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-07

Sunday September 7th. 1788.

The Marquis to Sainneville, commander of the french Squadron now in the harbour, and the Chevalier Maccarty de Martegues captain of the Achille, dined here to day. Several other officers were detained by the badness of the weather.1
1. In his line-a-day entry, JQA mentions “Meeting, forenoon” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-08

8.

Company afternoon. Angier.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-09

9.

Went over to Milton.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-10

Wednesday September 10th.

The Governor with the Captains of the french vessells, the french Consul, and some other gentlemen dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-11

11.

Mrs. Smith and Louisa. W. Cranch.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-12

Friday September 12th.

I left Braintree to return to Newbury-Port. Found Bridge in Boston. Dined at Mr. Smith's. We left Boston at about five o'clock and rode ten miles; to Newhall's tavern; where we lodge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-13

Saturday Septr. 12th. [i.e. 13th].

Breakfasted in Salem: saw Amory and Learned. Dined at Ipswich. We got to Newbury-Port, at about five. We lodge this night at Mrs. Hooper's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-14

Sunday Septr. 13th. [i.e. 14th].

I did not sleep a wink the whole night. My nerves are in a very disagreeable state of irritation. I attended meeting all day at Dr. { 454 } Tucker's, with Bridge. I called in the evening at Mr. N. Carter's, and at Mr. Tufts's to deliver letters. At Mr. Tufts's I saw Mr. Shaw, who, I find preached for Mr. Andrews this day. I retired early, and went to bed, but could get no sleep. After laying about three hours, I got up and went over to Dr. Swett, and requested him to supply me with an opiate, which he did; it gradually composed my nerves, and gave me a few hours of sleep.1
1. This is the first of several references during the fall of 1788 to JQA's uncertain state of health. David Musto has argued that he was in a depressed state of mind, owing to the pressure that his family was placing on him to distinguish himself (to perpetuate the “family myth”) and to his own worries about his future in an overcrowded legal profession. Musto's explanation for the resolution of these difficulties, which apparently occurred only months later, is largely undocumented (“The Youth of John Quincy Adams,” Amer. Philos. Soc., Procs., 113:269–282 [Aug. 1969]).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-15

15.

Sleepless. Could do no business.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-16

16.

Strolling about all day. Idle.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-17

17.

Can neither read nor write.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-18

18.

Training. Unwell out of spirits. Foster.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-19

19.

Spent my time in visiting &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-20

Saturday September 20th.

I have had three or four sleepless nights this weeks, and for the little rest I have enjoyed I have been indebted to soporific draughts. I dined this day with Mr. Parsons with Bridge and with Foster who took his station in the office on Thursday. This afternoon I mounted a horse and went to Haverhill where I am determined to spend a few days, and see if I cannot recruit my health. I found H. Lincoln here.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-21

21.

Meeting afternoon. L. W. Mr. Thaxter.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-22

22.

H. Lincoln. Dined with Mr. T. Mr. B's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-23

23.

Lincoln went home. Dr. Price's Sermons.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-24

Wednesday September 24th.

Lincoln went yesterday for Hingham; I went with Mr. and Mrs. Shaw to Andover. There was a large company at Mr. Symmes's; and after dinner we had a lecture, the Sermon was intolerably long. Singing remarkably good. We got back to Haverhill just after Sun-set. My Brother Charles with Daniel Russell arrived here this evening. Charles obtained leave to come and see me. Mr. Thaxter and his Lady pass'd part of the evening here.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-25

25.

Mr. Noyes. Afternoon with White.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-26

26.

Dined with Mr. Thaxter. Genl. Lincoln.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-27

Saturday September 27th.

Another tedious sleepless night. Charles and Russell returned to Cambridge. I dined at Mr. White's. And in the afternoon got a little sleep which greatly refreshed my drooping spirits. Mr. French was here in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-28

28.

Meeting Forenoon. Mr. Marsh. L. White.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-29

29.

Tea at Mr. Adams's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-30

Tuesday September 30th.

The weather was not very favourable, but, as the court of common pleas was to sit this week in Newbury-Port, I concluded to return there. When I got home, I found Bridge unwell. Nothing done at court but preparatory business this day. I retired early to bed.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-01

Wednesday October 1st. 1788.

“Oh gentle sleep

Nature's soft Nurse, how have I frighted thee

That thou no more wilt weigh mine eye lids down

And steep my senses in forgetfulness.”1

In the present situation of my health I cannot possibly attend at all to study, and this circumstance with some others has determined me to spend some weeks, perhaps some months at Braintree. I spoke for a place in the stage which goes to Boston to-morrow. No business of consequence done at Court this day. Pass'd part of the evening at Mr. Jackson's.
1. Henry IV, Part II, Act III, scene i, lines 5–8.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-02

Thursday October 2d.

I took my seat in the stage, in Company with a Lady who came from Portsmouth, and Mr. Vaughan, a brother of the gentlemen with whom I was acquainted in London. It was seven in the evening before we got to Boston. I went to Mr. Smith's; we pass'd part of the evening and lodged at Dr. Welch's. Lodg'd at Mr. Smith's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-03

Friday October 3d.

W. Cranch came into Boston with my father, who coming upon business which will detain him in town this night, gave me an opportunity to get to Braintree. I came home in company with my cousin.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-04

4.

My father came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-05

5.

Weymouth at meeting. Dr. Tufts's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-06

6.

Rode over to Milton in the afternoon.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-07

Tuesday October 7th.

Mr. Murray1 the preacher who came from England with my father, came this day to pay him a visit, with his Lady whom he has lately married. He appears to be a man of an easy temper, and an ingenious mind, though not highly improved by learning. His wife is agreeable, though she appears a little tinctured with what the french call le precieux.
1. Rev. John Murray, minister of the Church of Christ in Gloucester, Mass., and the founder of Universalism in America (JA, Diary and Autobiography, 3:216).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-08

8.

Went over to Hingham.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-09

9.

Charles and Otis were here. Got up shelves.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-10

10.

Slept none. Went to Weymouth.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-11

11.

Medicine. Voltaire's works.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-12

12.

At home all day. But dull somewhat. Rode.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-13

13.

Went to Milton. Put up books.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-14

Tuesday October 14th.

My occupations have been very regular, and similar for a week past. Last Thursday night I again experienced a total want of sleep. By the help however of medecine and of constant exercice I think I am in a way to recover. This evening, my1
1. This entry, incomplete at the bottom of the page, is the last in D/JQA/12 until 6 Sept. 1789. In JQA's line-a-day entry, he adds: “Charles and Tom. Mr. and Mrs. Shaw” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-15

15.

Company to dine. Mr. B. &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-16

16.

Dr. Tufts &c. Mr. Shaw went to Hghm.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-17

17.

Fine weather. Gunning with Tom. Townsend.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-18

18.

Madam and Tom went to Boston. Violent Thunder.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-19

19.

Meeting to hear Mr. Wibird. W. Cranch. And[rews?].

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-20

20.

Cranch went to Boston. Rain.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-21

21.

Variable weather. Gibbon's history.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-22

22.

Rode my horse. Andrews went towards Nby Pt.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-23

23.

Mr. Russell's and returned at Night.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-24

24.

Gunning in the morning with Charles. Tired.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-25

25.

Mr. Thaxter. Mr. and Mrs. Smith. Mr. Shaw.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-26

26.

Heard Mr. Shaw. Cranch and Phillips.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-27

27.

Splendid parade.1 Much company.
1. Several regiments of troops from Boston were reviewed by Gov. Hancock and other dignitaries at Braintree (Massachusetts Centinel, 29 Oct.).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-28

28.

Company gone. Went to Mr. Cranch's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-29

29.

Went with Tom to Cambridge. Returned.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-30

30.

Mr. A. went to Boston. Charles to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-31

31.

Mr. A. returned. Company at dinner. Mr. and Mrs. Storer. C. Storer &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-01

November 1. 1788.

Rode as usual; and read Gibbon &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-02

2.

General Knox dined with us. P. M.1
1. After “P.M.” follows in shorthand “no meeting.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-03

3.

Cicero de Senectute.1 Getting well.
1. Cicero's Cato Major de Senectute, or Essay on Old Age.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-04

4.

Went to Boston with Mrs. Cranch. Returned.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-05

5.

W. Cranch came from Boston. Fine weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-06

6.

Evening at Mrs. Quincy's. Parson Wiberd.1
1. The entry concludes with shorthand for “no feeling.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-07

7.

Mr. and Mrs. A went to Boston. Dined at Mr. Cranch's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-08

8.

Quite lonesome. Mrs. C. came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-09

9.

Parson Wibird dined at Mr. C's. Folks came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-10

10.

Madam preparing for New York.1
1. AA was planning to visit AA2 (AA2, Jour. and Corr., 2:105).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-11

11.

Rain all day. Cleared up in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-12

12.

Went to Boston. Mrs. A. N. York. Lodgd at Camb.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-13

13.

Returned to Braintree in the forenoon.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-14

14.

Justinian's Inst.1 Foster's Cr. Law. Gibbon &c.
1. Justinian's Institutes, a textbook of Roman law and a foundation of continental law, originally issued by Justinian I in 533.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-15

15.

Cold Weather. Dr. Tufts this evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-16

16.

Mr. Norton. He dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-17

17.

Went to Milton. Chilly weather looks like snow.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-18

18.

Rode as usual. Read a variety at home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-19

19.

My health happily recovered. Rain; part of the day.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-20

20.

Went to Mr. Cranch's. Mrs. C. gone to Boston.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-21

21.

Letter from Mamma. Hartford. Fed. Senators.1
1. Probably AA to JA, 16 Nov. (Adams Papers). In this letter, written from Hartford, AA makes reference to the elections of federal senators in Massachusetts and Connecticut.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-22

22.

Went to Boston. Return'd with W. Cranch.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-23

23.

Mr. Everett of Dorchester: dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-24

24.

Very warm; rainy, disagreeable weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-25

25.

Charles came home from Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-26

26.

Wm. Cranch was here. Rode to Milton.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-27

27.

Thanksgiving day. Dull weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-28

28.

Bad night. Dined at My Uncle Adams's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-29

29.

Snow. Charles could not go to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-30

30.

Mr. Wibird preach'd. Charles dined at Mr. C.'s.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-01

December 1. 1788.

Charles return'd to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-02

2.

Winslow Warren. Rode in the afternoon.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-03

3.

Gibbon 5th. vol. 4th. gone which I much regret.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-04

4.

Very cold. At Mr. Cranch's. Dr. Fogg. Mr. Thayer.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-05

5.

Wm Cranch came from Boston. Heard from N. York.1
1. Presumably the letter written by AA to JA between 16 Nov. and 3 Dec., not found (JA to AA, (2 Dec, AA to JA, 3 Dec., Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-06

6.

Went to Milton with Wm. Cranch. He dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-07

7.

Mr. Cranch's after meeting. Mr. C. quite unwell.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-08

8.

Left Braintree. Went as far as Wilmington. Rain.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-09

9.

Went to Haverhill. Wet through.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-10

10.

Got to Newbury-Port. Ordination.1 Dancing.
1. John Andrews, JQA's frequent companion, was ordained associate minister of the First Religious Society of Newburyport, to assist the ailing Rev. Thomas Cary (Currier, Newburyport, 1:253).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-11

11.

Dined with Mr. Tufts. Not very bright. Dr. Swett's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-12

12.

Company chiefly gone. Russell. Rode with Thompson. Dancing again.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-13

13.

Put my horse at Tappan's. Eve with Dr. Kilham.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-14

14.

Heard Mr. Ware. Preach'd admirably. D. Atkins.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-15

15.

Attended the office. Read a little. Mr. Jackson's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-16

16.

Mr. Parsons &c went to Salem Court. Miss Coats.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-17

17.

Snow storm. Went to Salem. Supp'd at Amory's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-18

18.

Attended court. Sat late. Lodg'd with Mr. Atkins.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-19

19.

Dined with Amory. Went to the ball.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-20

20.

Cold weather. Came home with Bridge. Sleepy.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-21

21.

Heard Mr. Andrews, preach. Bouscaren. Mr. Carter.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-22

22.

Very cold weather. Evening in the office.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-23

23.

Cold continues. Eve at Judge Greenleaf's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-24

24.

Went to Haverhill. Colder than ever.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-25

25.

Mr. Thaxter's. Miss Hazen. Eve at Mr. Bartlett's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-26

26.

Returned to N. Port. Wrote in the Eve.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-27

27.

Dined at Judge Greenleaf's. Foster came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-28

28.

Parson Allen preached. Snow storm.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-29

29.

Thompson got home. Court at Mr. Atkins's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-30

30.

Eve at Dr. Sawyer's. Mr. Boyd.—a youth.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-31

31.

Eve with Foster at Mr. Jackson's, He was out.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.
http://www.masshist.org/apde2/