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Browsing: Diary of John Quincy Adams, Volume 2


Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-14

Sunday Septr. 13th. [i.e. 14th].

I did not sleep a wink the whole night. My nerves are in a very disagreeable state of irritation. I attended meeting all day at Dr. { 454 } Tucker's, with Bridge. I called in the evening at Mr. N. Carter's, and at Mr. Tufts's to deliver letters. At Mr. Tufts's I saw Mr. Shaw, who, I find preached for Mr. Andrews this day. I retired early, and went to bed, but could get no sleep. After laying about three hours, I got up and went over to Dr. Swett, and requested him to supply me with an opiate, which he did; it gradually composed my nerves, and gave me a few hours of sleep.1
1. This is the first of several references during the fall of 1788 to JQA's uncertain state of health. David Musto has argued that he was in a depressed state of mind, owing to the pressure that his family was placing on him to distinguish himself (to perpetuate the “family myth”) and to his own worries about his future in an overcrowded legal profession. Musto's explanation for the resolution of these difficulties, which apparently occurred only months later, is largely undocumented (“The Youth of John Quincy Adams,” Amer. Philos. Soc., Procs., 113:269–282 [Aug. 1969]).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-15

15.

Sleepless. Could do no business.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-16

16.

Strolling about all day. Idle.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-17

17.

Can neither read nor write.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-18

18.

Training. Unwell out of spirits. Foster.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-19

19.

Spent my time in visiting &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-20

Saturday September 20th.

I have had three or four sleepless nights this weeks, and for the little rest I have enjoyed I have been indebted to soporific draughts. I dined this day with Mr. Parsons with Bridge and with Foster who took his station in the office on Thursday. This afternoon I mounted a horse and went to Haverhill where I am determined to spend a few days, and see if I cannot recruit my health. I found H. Lincoln here.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-21

21.

Meeting afternoon. L. W. Mr. Thaxter.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-22

22.

H. Lincoln. Dined with Mr. T. Mr. B's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-23

23.

Lincoln went home. Dr. Price's Sermons.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-24

Wednesday September 24th.

Lincoln went yesterday for Hingham; I went with Mr. and Mrs. Shaw to Andover. There was a large company at Mr. Symmes's; and after dinner we had a lecture, the Sermon was intolerably long. Singing remarkably good. We got back to Haverhill just after Sun-set. My Brother Charles with Daniel Russell arrived here this evening. Charles obtained leave to come and see me. Mr. Thaxter and his Lady pass'd part of the evening here.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-25

25.

Mr. Noyes. Afternoon with White.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-26

26.

Dined with Mr. Thaxter. Genl. Lincoln.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-27

Saturday September 27th.

Another tedious sleepless night. Charles and Russell returned to Cambridge. I dined at Mr. White's. And in the afternoon got a little sleep which greatly refreshed my drooping spirits. Mr. French was here in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-28

28.

Meeting Forenoon. Mr. Marsh. L. White.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-29

29.

Tea at Mr. Adams's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0009-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-09-30

Tuesday September 30th.

The weather was not very favourable, but, as the court of common pleas was to sit this week in Newbury-Port, I concluded to return there. When I got home, I found Bridge unwell. Nothing done at court but preparatory business this day. I retired early to bed.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-01

Wednesday October 1st. 1788.

“Oh gentle sleep

Nature's soft Nurse, how have I frighted thee

That thou no more wilt weigh mine eye lids down

And steep my senses in forgetfulness.”1

In the present situation of my health I cannot possibly attend at all to study, and this circumstance with some others has determined me to spend some weeks, perhaps some months at Braintree. I spoke for a place in the stage which goes to Boston to-morrow. No business of consequence done at Court this day. Pass'd part of the evening at Mr. Jackson's.
1. Henry IV, Part II, Act III, scene i, lines 5–8.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-02

Thursday October 2d.

I took my seat in the stage, in Company with a Lady who came from Portsmouth, and Mr. Vaughan, a brother of the gentlemen with whom I was acquainted in London. It was seven in the evening before we got to Boston. I went to Mr. Smith's; we pass'd part of the evening and lodged at Dr. Welch's. Lodg'd at Mr. Smith's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-03

Friday October 3d.

W. Cranch came into Boston with my father, who coming upon business which will detain him in town this night, gave me an opportunity to get to Braintree. I came home in company with my cousin.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-04

4.

My father came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-05

5.

Weymouth at meeting. Dr. Tufts's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-06

6.

Rode over to Milton in the afternoon.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-07

Tuesday October 7th.

Mr. Murray1 the preacher who came from England with my father, came this day to pay him a visit, with his Lady whom he has lately married. He appears to be a man of an easy temper, and an ingenious mind, though not highly improved by learning. His wife is agreeable, though she appears a little tinctured with what the french call le precieux.
1. Rev. John Murray, minister of the Church of Christ in Gloucester, Mass., and the founder of Universalism in America (JA, Diary and Autobiography, 3:216).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-08

8.

Went over to Hingham.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-09

9.

Charles and Otis were here. Got up shelves.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-10

10.

Slept none. Went to Weymouth.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-11

11.

Medicine. Voltaire's works.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-12

12.

At home all day. But dull somewhat. Rode.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-13

13.

Went to Milton. Put up books.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-14

Tuesday October 14th.

My occupations have been very regular, and similar for a week past. Last Thursday night I again experienced a total want of sleep. By the help however of medecine and of constant exercice I think I am in a way to recover. This evening, my1
1. This entry, incomplete at the bottom of the page, is the last in D/JQA/12 until 6 Sept. 1789. In JQA's line-a-day entry, he adds: “Charles and Tom. Mr. and Mrs. Shaw” (D/JQA/13, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 16).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-15

15.

Company to dine. Mr. B. &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-16

16.

Dr. Tufts &c. Mr. Shaw went to Hghm.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-17

17.

Fine weather. Gunning with Tom. Townsend.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-18

18.

Madam and Tom went to Boston. Violent Thunder.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-19

19.

Meeting to hear Mr. Wibird. W. Cranch. And[rews?].

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-20

20.

Cranch went to Boston. Rain.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-21

21.

Variable weather. Gibbon's history.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-22

22.

Rode my horse. Andrews went towards Nby Pt.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-23

23.

Mr. Russell's and returned at Night.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-24

24.

Gunning in the morning with Charles. Tired.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-25

25.

Mr. Thaxter. Mr. and Mrs. Smith. Mr. Shaw.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-26

26.

Heard Mr. Shaw. Cranch and Phillips.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-27

27.

Splendid parade.1 Much company.
1. Several regiments of troops from Boston were reviewed by Gov. Hancock and other dignitaries at Braintree (Massachusetts Centinel, 29 Oct.).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-28

28.

Company gone. Went to Mr. Cranch's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-29

29.

Went with Tom to Cambridge. Returned.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-30

30.

Mr. A. went to Boston. Charles to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0010-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-10-31

31.

Mr. A. returned. Company at dinner. Mr. and Mrs. Storer. C. Storer &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-01

November 1. 1788.

Rode as usual; and read Gibbon &c.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-02

2.

General Knox dined with us. P. M.1
1. After “P.M.” follows in shorthand “no meeting.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-03

3.

Cicero de Senectute.1 Getting well.
1. Cicero's Cato Major de Senectute, or Essay on Old Age.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-04

4.

Went to Boston with Mrs. Cranch. Returned.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-05

5.

W. Cranch came from Boston. Fine weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-06

6.

Evening at Mrs. Quincy's. Parson Wiberd.1
1. The entry concludes with shorthand for “no feeling.”

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-07

7.

Mr. and Mrs. A went to Boston. Dined at Mr. Cranch's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-08

8.

Quite lonesome. Mrs. C. came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-09

9.

Parson Wibird dined at Mr. C's. Folks came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-10

10.

Madam preparing for New York.1
1. AA was planning to visit AA2 (AA2, Jour. and Corr., 2:105).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-11

11.

Rain all day. Cleared up in the evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-12

12.

Went to Boston. Mrs. A. N. York. Lodgd at Camb.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-13

13.

Returned to Braintree in the forenoon.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-14

14.

Justinian's Inst.1 Foster's Cr. Law. Gibbon &c.
1. Justinian's Institutes, a textbook of Roman law and a foundation of continental law, originally issued by Justinian I in 533.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-15

15.

Cold Weather. Dr. Tufts this evening.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-16

16.

Mr. Norton. He dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-17

17.

Went to Milton. Chilly weather looks like snow.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-18

18.

Rode as usual. Read a variety at home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-19

19.

My health happily recovered. Rain; part of the day.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-20

20.

Went to Mr. Cranch's. Mrs. C. gone to Boston.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-21

21.

Letter from Mamma. Hartford. Fed. Senators.1
1. Probably AA to JA, 16 Nov. (Adams Papers). In this letter, written from Hartford, AA makes reference to the elections of federal senators in Massachusetts and Connecticut.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-22

22.

Went to Boston. Return'd with W. Cranch.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-23

23.

Mr. Everett of Dorchester: dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-24

24.

Very warm; rainy, disagreeable weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-25

25.

Charles came home from Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-26

26.

Wm. Cranch was here. Rode to Milton.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-27

27.

Thanksgiving day. Dull weather.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-28

28.

Bad night. Dined at My Uncle Adams's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-29

29.

Snow. Charles could not go to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0011-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-11-30

30.

Mr. Wibird preach'd. Charles dined at Mr. C.'s.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0001

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-01

December 1. 1788.

Charles return'd to Cambridge.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0002

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-02

2.

Winslow Warren. Rode in the afternoon.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0003

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-03

3.

Gibbon 5th. vol. 4th. gone which I much regret.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0004

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-04

4.

Very cold. At Mr. Cranch's. Dr. Fogg. Mr. Thayer.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0005

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-05

5.

Wm Cranch came from Boston. Heard from N. York.1
1. Presumably the letter written by AA to JA between 16 Nov. and 3 Dec., not found (JA to AA, (2 Dec, AA to JA, 3 Dec., Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0006

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-06

6.

Went to Milton with Wm. Cranch. He dined with us.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0007

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-07

7.

Mr. Cranch's after meeting. Mr. C. quite unwell.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0008

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-08

8.

Left Braintree. Went as far as Wilmington. Rain.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0009

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-09

9.

Went to Haverhill. Wet through.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0010

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-10

10.

Got to Newbury-Port. Ordination.1 Dancing.
1. John Andrews, JQA's frequent companion, was ordained associate minister of the First Religious Society of Newburyport, to assist the ailing Rev. Thomas Cary (Currier, Newburyport, 1:253).

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0011

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-11

11.

Dined with Mr. Tufts. Not very bright. Dr. Swett's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0012

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-12

12.

Company chiefly gone. Russell. Rode with Thompson. Dancing again.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0013

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-13

13.

Put my horse at Tappan's. Eve with Dr. Kilham.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0014

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-14

14.

Heard Mr. Ware. Preach'd admirably. D. Atkins.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0015

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-15

15.

Attended the office. Read a little. Mr. Jackson's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0016

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-16

16.

Mr. Parsons &c went to Salem Court. Miss Coats.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0017

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-17

17.

Snow storm. Went to Salem. Supp'd at Amory's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0018

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-18

18.

Attended court. Sat late. Lodg'd with Mr. Atkins.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0019

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-19

19.

Dined with Amory. Went to the ball.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0020

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-20

20.

Cold weather. Came home with Bridge. Sleepy.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0021

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-21

21.

Heard Mr. Andrews, preach. Bouscaren. Mr. Carter.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0022

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-22

22.

Very cold weather. Evening in the office.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0023

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-23

23.

Cold continues. Eve at Judge Greenleaf's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0024

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-24

24.

Went to Haverhill. Colder than ever.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0025

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-25

25.

Mr. Thaxter's. Miss Hazen. Eve at Mr. Bartlett's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0026

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-26

26.

Returned to N. Port. Wrote in the Eve.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0027

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-27

27.

Dined at Judge Greenleaf's. Foster came home.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0028

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-28

28.

Parson Allen preached. Snow storm.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0029

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-29

29.

Thompson got home. Court at Mr. Atkins's.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0030

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-30

30.

Eve at Dr. Sawyer's. Mr. Boyd.—a youth.

Docno: ADMS-03-02-02-0003-0012-0031

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1788-12-31

31.

Eve with Foster at Mr. Jackson's, He was out.
Chronology
Chronology

Chronology

Chronology

{ 468 } { 469 }

Chronology

John Quincy Adams, 1767–1788

1767   July 11   Born in Braintree on the Adams farm at the foot of Penn's Hill.  
1775   July 17   With his mother (AA) witnesses the Battle of Bunker Hill from Penn's Hill.  
1778   Feb.––April   Sails with his father (JA) from Mount Wollaston aboard the frigate Boston, to Bordeaux; thence travels to Paris where JA serves as one of the three United States commissioners.  
1778   April 14   Enters M. Le Coeur's Academy at Passy, near Paris.  
1779   March–June   With JA, leaves Passy and awaits passage to America at Nantes, Lorient, and St. Nazaire.  
1779   June 17–Aug. 2   Sails from Lorient to Boston aboard the French frigate La Sensible.  
1779   Nov. 12   Begins his Diary.  
1779   Nov. 13–Dec. 8   Leaves Boston aboard La Sensible for France with his father, his brother Charles (CA), John Thaxter Jr., and Francis Dana. The congress had named JA to negotiate peace and commercial treaties with Great Britain. The frigate makes port at El Ferrol, Spain.  
1779   Dec. 26   The Adams party begins its overland journey to France across northern Spain.  
{ 470 }
1780   Feb. 9   Arrives in Paris.  
1780   Feb. 10   Attends M. Pechigny's school at Passy with CA.  
1780   July 27–Aug. 10   With CA, accompanies father to the Netherlands, JA's purpose being to negotiate a loan for the United States.  
1780   Aug. 30   With CA, becomes a boarding student at the Latin School on the Singel, in Amsterdam.  
1780   Nov. 10   Leaves the school with CA after JA's dispute with the preceptor.  
1780   Dec. 18   Goes with CA and John Thaxter Jr. to Leyden, where all three matriculate at the university during the following month.  
1781   June 9   Travels to Amsterdam with his father.  
1781   July 7   Leaves Amsterdam for Russia with Francis Dana.  
1781   July 25   Arrives in Berlin.  
1781   Aug. 27   Arrives in St. Petersburg, where he serves as secretary and interpreter to Dana, appointed to seek Russian diplomatic recognition of the United States.  
1782   March 9–10   Visits Oranienbaum and Peterhoff, near St. Petersburg.  
1782   July 10–11   Attends the Grand Duke's annual ball at Peterhoff.  
1782   Oct. 30   Leaves St. Petersburg for The Hague by way of the northern overland route through Finland.  
1782   Nov. 22   Arrives in Stockholm, where he remains until 31 December.  
1783   Jan. 1–25   Travels from Stockholm to Göteborg.  
1783   Feb. 15   Arrives in Copenhagen, remaining there until 5 March.  
1783   March 10   Enters Hamburg and stays there until 5 April.  
1783   April 21   Arrives at The Hague, where he continues Latin and Greek studies with C. W. F. Dumas until JA's return from Paris in July.  
1783   Aug.–Sept   Serves as his father's secretary in Paris, where JA and his fellow commissioners on 3 Sept. sign the Definitive Treaty with Great Britain.  
1783   Sept. 22–Oct. 20   Lodges with JA at Thomas Barclay's house at Auteuil, near Paris.  
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1783   Oct. 20   Leaves with JA for England on vacation, spent largely in London with short visits to Oxford and Bath.  
1784   Jan. 2   Leaves London for The Hague with JA, who seeks a second Dutch loan to save American credit.  
1784   May 14   Journeys to London to await the uncertain arrival of his mother and sister (AA2). Remains for more than one month before returning to The Hague alone.  
1784   July 30   Is reunited with AA and AA2 in London.  
1784   Aug. 8   Joined by JA, the Adams family travels to France, arriving in Paris on 13 August.  
1784   Aug. 17   The Adamses establish their residence in Auteuil, while JA serves as a joint commissioner to negotiate treaties with European powers.  
1785   May 12   Leaves Paris en route to America to attend Harvard.  
1785   May 21   Sails from Lorient on the Courier de l'Améerique.  
1785   July 17   Arrives in New York.  
1785   Aug. 13   Leaves for Boston after a month in the company of members of the congress and New York society.  
1785   Aug. 26   Arrives in Boston.  
1785   Aug. 31   Is advised by President Joseph Willard to wait until the spring to enter Harvard.  
1785   Sept. 7   Arrives at Haverhill to begin intensive study of Latin and Greek under the tutelage of his uncle, the Reverend John Shaw.  
1786   March 15   Examined and admitted to Harvard as a junior sophister.  
1786   May 29   Becomes a member of the “A.B.” Club.  
1786   June 12   Gives his first speech before the “A.B.” Club on the topic “Nothing is so difficult, but it may be overcome by industry.”  
1786   June 21   Elected to Phi Beta Kappa.  
1786   July 6   Delivers his first speech before the Harvard chapter of Phi Beta Kappa on the question “Whether civil discord is advantageous to society.”  
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1786   Sept. 26   Takes part in a forensic dispute at the Harvard Exhibition on the question “Whether inequality among citizens be necessary to the preservation of liberty of the whole.”  
1787   April 10   At the Harvard Exhibition partakes in a conference on the comparative utility of law, physic, and divinity.  
1787   July 18   Gives English oration at his commencement on the topic “Upon the Importance and Necessity of Public Faith, to the Well-Being of a Community,” which becomes his first published work when it appears in the Columbian Magazine in September.  
1787   Sept. 8   Begins his legal studies in Newburyport in the office of Theophilus Parsons.  
1788   June 20–30   Greets his parents on their return from Europe and assists the move into the new family residence, the Vassall-Borland house in Braintree.  
1788   Sept. 5   Gives the annual Phi Beta Kappa Oration at Cambridge on the topic of young men's ambition.  
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2016.
http://www.masshist.org/apde2/