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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 5


Docno: ADMS-06-05-02-0055

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Warren, James
Date: 1777-03-06

To James Warren

[salute] My dear sir

Dr. Jackson,1 by whom this will go, is a Manager of the State Lottery, and is bound to the New England states, to forward the Sale of the Ticketts. He wishes to be recommended to proper Persons for the Purpose. If you can assist him with your Advise you will do a public service.
I can give you no News—but the Skirmish at Spanktown.2
This State of Pensilvania, have at last compleated their Government. Wharton is Governor and Bryan Lt Governor. Their Council too is at last filled. Johnson is Governor of Maryland.3 Govr. Livingstons Speech4—you will see.
I hope now, the Loan Offices will Supply us with Money, and preclude the Necessity of any further Emissions. If they dont, what shall We do? But they will.
I am at last got to think more about my own Expences than any Thing else. Twenty dollars a Cord for Wood. Three Pounds a Week for Board, meaning Breakfast, Dinner, and bed. Without one drop of Liquor, or one Spark of light or fire—I am lost in an Ocean of Expence. Horse feed in Proportion—five hundred sterling will not pay my Expences for this year—at this Rate.
Pray make every Body who has Money lend it, that Things may not grow worse.
The loan office in this Town is now successfull.
RC (MHi:Warren-Adams Coll.); addressed: “The Hon. James Warren Esqr Plymouth or Boston favd. by Dr Jackson”; docketed: “Mr J A. Lettr March 6. 1777.”
1. David Jackson (JCC, 6:981–982). The congress approved a lottery on 18 Nov. 1776, with the first drawing to be in March if the tickets were sold soon enough. Tickets sold at $10, $20, $30, and $40 (same, 6:959–961).
2. On 23 Feb. a British foraging party, estimated at two to four thousand men, { 101 } engaged an American force under Gen. William Maxwell at Spanktown (now Rahway, N.J.). The British suffered much heavier casualties than the Americans. Accounts of the skirmish were carried in the Pennsylvania Packet, 4 March, and in the Pennsylvania Journal on the 5th (N.J. Archives, 2d ser., 1:297, 307–308; Heitman, Register Continental Army, p. 385).
3. Technically, Thomas Wharton Jr., elected the first chief executive officer of Pennsylvania under its new constitution, was President of the Supreme Executive Council and, as the name suggests, was little more than a presiding officer. George Bryan was chosen vice president. Thomas Johnson Jr. was uncle to Louisa Catherine Johnson, future wife of JQA (Penna. Colonial Records, 11:173–174; Adams Family Correspondence, 2:169, note 3).
4. This speech, dated 25 Feb. and printed in the Pennsylvania Packet of 4 March, was a vigorous attack upon the rapacity of the British, a condemnation of their hapless American supporters, and a stirring appeal for support of the American cause (N.J. Archives, 2d ser., 1:301–305).

Docno: ADMS-06-05-02-0056

Author: Avery, John
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1777-03-07

From John Avery

[salute] Sir

Your kind favor of the 10th. Feby. Ultimo have received and agreeable to your Request have communicated the Resignation of your Office as Judge of the superiour Court; but whether the Hon'ble Board will accept of it 'till they shall have the Pleasure of seeing you, is to me very uncertain; Tho its my Opinion that it will take some Time to fill up the Vacancy with a Gentleman of your Merrit and Abilities should you be determined in your Resignation.
It gives me great Pleasure to find the New Levies go on with so much Spirit at the Southward; if our Levies should not be so quick, I hope that the Gentlemen at the Southward will not attribute it to the want of that Spirit which nobly actuates them but that the People in the four New England States having been so greatly harrassed for these twelve Months Past by sending so often and so many of their Militia: however I flatter myself that from the Returns already made and that are a coming in daily that this State will be able to compleat their Quota of Men required of us by your Hon'ble Body in a few Weeks and I hope from the united Exertions of this whole Continent that we shall yet be able (under the Smiles of a kind and indulgent Providence) to drive those Enemies to our Peace and Quiet from this Land. I always expected that we should have a hard Struggle with the Tyrant of Brittain and have many Difficulties to encounter with but if Unanimity is preserved and the People of these States act upon Virtuous Principles we shall rise superiour to the Hellish Malice of our Enemies.
{ 102 }

[salute] Please to present my best Regards to Mr. Adams,1 Mr. Lovell and Mr. Gerry and accept the same from Your Honors Most Obedient Humble Servt.

[signed] John Avery Ju
1. Avery began to write Lovell's name first instead of Adams'.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.
http://www.masshist.org/apde2/