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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 6

Docno: ADMS-06-06-02-0098

Author: Franklin, Benjamin
Author: Adams, John
Recipient: American State Officials
Date: 1778-05-18

Benjamin Franklin and John Adams to American State Officials

Paris, 18 May 1778. printed:JA, Diary and Autobiography, 4:102; ordered printed by the congress as a broadside (illustration facing p. 99). This letter was signed by Adams and Franklin because, according to Arthur Lee in his Letterbook (PCC, No. 102, IV, f. 7), “this Intelligence { 131 } was sent to the Commissioners from M. de Sartine by M. de Chaumont who came accompanied by Dr. Bancroft and the two Commissioners at Passi having signed the above Letters they were sent away without communicating them to Mr. Lee who was signing the Bills for borrowing money in Holland. Mr. Adams informed him of it [thursday].” The two Commissioners requested that French naval commanders be notified of the impending departure of eleven British warships for North America.
Although the Commissioners' information concerning the imminent departure of Vice Adm. John Byron's fleet was accurate, the warning was premature. Contrary winds and indecision caused by uncertainty about the destination of Comte d'Estaing's fleet, which had left Toulon on 13 April, delayed Byron's sailing until 9 June. Even then, Byron's arrival in American waters was delayed by the severe storms encountered on his passage, which scattered the fleet. The first vessel arrived at New York on 30 July, and Byron himself, at the end of September (Piers Mackesy, The War for America, 1775–1783, Cambridge, 1964, p. 196–202, 212; Mahan, Navies in the War of Amer. Independence, P.58–59).
The Commissioners were apparently unaware of the delay until they received “advices from London” dated 5 June, which erroneously reported that Byron's squadron, which had sailed from Portsmouth on 20 May, had put into Plymouth and been ordered not to proceed to America. Actually, the ships from Portsmouth were only a reinforcement for Byron's fleet, which was based at Plymouth. Nevertheless, on 10 June, the day after Byron had sailed, the Commissioners incorporated the new information into a circular letter directed to “any Captain bound to America” (Diary and Autobiography, 4:135; Mackesy, War for America, p. 200–201). For later intelligence on British naval operations, see letters to the Commissioners from Francis Coffyn of 18 and 19 June (both below).

Docno: ADMS-06-06-02-0099-0001

Author: Alagnac
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1778-05-18

From Alagnac

Le Docteur Franklin, Monsieur, a qui j'ay eu l'honneur D'ecrire1 pour Savoir Des nouvelles D'un jeune homme nommé le chevalier De Pontgibaut,2 embarqué Sur le navire l'arc en ciel, partit De Nantes Depuis le Il 8bre 1777, avec plusieurs lettres De recommendation pour Mrs De Con Wai et De la Fayette, Dans l'esperance D'etre employé Dans vos troupes Des Colonies unies De l'amerique; m'a mendé qu'il n'en avait point entendu parler permettes moi monsieur De m'Addresser a vous Comme Arrivant nouvellement De Ce pays la, peut etre auries vous { 132 } quelque Connaisance Du Sort De le chevalier, ou Du navire L'arc en ciel et vous m'obligeries infiniment Si vous avies la bonté De m'instruire De la Destinie De l'un ou De l'autre. Le jeune homme plein D'ame et D'ardeur jaloux D'acquerir de la gloire pour une aussi bonne Cause, est fort cher a Sa famille et Son Silence Depuis Son Depart donne a Son pere Comte De Chalier Viellard repectable agé De 77 ans la plus grande inquietude, ne Serais ce pas abuser De votre Complaisance monsieur, que De vous prier D'alleger Son Tourment en Daignant vous informer ce qu'est Devenu le jeune homme supose que vous n'en ayes pas la moindre Connaissance oserais esperer Cette grace De vous monsieur et Celle De Croire que I have the honour to be With a great respect Sir your Most obedient humble Servant
[signed] D'alagnac
Mr. la Combe negotiant de Ce pays Ci qui a voyage tres longtems Dans vous Colonies et qui Se propose D'y retourner a bien voulu Se charger de vous remettre ma lettre en main proper c'est un garcon qui merite votre protection.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.