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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 9

Docno: ADMS-06-09-02-0313

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Jenings, Edmund
Date: 1780-07-14

To Edmund Jenings

[salute] My dear sir

Have just received yours of the 9th and I thank you.
Waynes Agreement is thus explained. Gen. Arnold—Com. Jones, { 589 } and many other officers of the American Army and Navy, have all along made it a maxim that the whiggish young Gentlemen ought to convert the Tory young Ladies. Accordingly the genteelest Part of the officers of Boston and Philadelphia used to keep up an Acquaintance with several families which were suspected of disaffection, and used to hear the Tory Girls sputter Saucy things against Congress &c. This always gave offence to the stanch, and I suppose, that Wayne and Lee are about to put an End to it.
The consumed Charlestown is that which Burgoine burnt, near Boston.
I dont expect to get a Reputation as a Writer, by the things I send you1—I dont care a farthing about the Composition, but it has a good Effect here, to see such Things in the English Papers. But it has more Effect in America. Our Countrymen delight above all Things in these minute Investigations and are infinitely greedy after every thing of the Kind in the English Papers. They knock down Toryism with it. Our American People must have constantly something to think upon and talk about.
It will have some little Effect perhaps in England, tho not much. When it is too late they will recollect, some of these Things. I have never deceived the King, Ministry, nor People of England, nor their Governors, nor other servants in America. I have told them constantly these twenty Years, what would be the Consequences, of their unjust designs against America. And as if an Angel from Heaven had revealed to me, the secrets of futurity, my Predictions have been literally accomplished. I look back with astonishment and recollect, what I have said and wrote, which has been printed thro this Period, and compare it with the Events that have followed. One thing I confess I did not foresee, untill it was told me by a great Minister 18 months ago, the Union of the Northern Powers in our favour. This has been more favourable than I ever expected.
It is not, my friend that I have more Sagacity than any other, but because I was let into the secret of Affairs, earlier in Life than any others, by Such great Characters as Otis Thatcher and Mayhew,2 names that perhaps you little know. I wish I could find time to draw you their Pictures, and write their History. I dont know where to find greater or better Men, or Men who ever meant and wished better to G. Britain. But they all see deep enough into the system of Things and the Character of the K. and his Councillors and the Temper of the nation, to fear, that they would bring this Judgment upon themselves. They dreaded it, and all fell Sacrifices to it, as it is not { 590 } impossible that I may do, after them. But come what will I must do my duty.
I have written to you a great deal of vain idle stuff, which you will not expose. A Stranger in Europe, to every body, I thought it necessary to say things to you, which I am not much addicted to saying, and which I never say in Europe to any body else. I should be obliged to you if you would keep the Letters together, or burn them, that they may not fall into improper Hands.
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “JA. July 14 1780.”
1. This letter probably contained the fifth part of JA's Translation of Thomas Pownall's Memorial and Nos. I and II of his “Letters from a Distinguished American.” For those writings, as well as the material enclosed by JA with his previous letter to Jenings of 8 July (Adams Papers), see the Editorial Notes at 19 April and 14 July (both above); and Edmund Jenings' letters of 15 July, and note 1; and 21 July, and note 3 (both below).
2. James Otis Jr., Oxenbridge Thacher Jr., and Rev. Jonathan Mayhew, whom JA had described as “Victims to the Enemies of their Country” in a letter of 31 Dec. 1772 to Catherine Macaulay (JA, Diary and Autobiography, 2:75).

Docno: ADMS-06-09-02-0314

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Huntington, Samuel
Recipient: President of Congress
Date: 1780-07-14

To the President of Congress, No. 92

Paris, 14 July 1780. Dupl, both text and signature in John Thaxter's hand (PCC, No. 84, II, f. 181–183). printed: Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev., 3:857.
In this letter, read by Congress on 26 Dec., John Adams included reports from The Hague of 9 July indicating that the States General had appointed representatives to attend a congress at St. Petersburg for the implementation of the armed neutrality and that the new Spanish ambassador to the Netherlands had arrived. He then noted the numerous reports appearing in the English and European press concerning events in America, many of which he believed to be false or misleading, and the absence of any reliable information from America to counteract those reports. Adams called for the appointment of a secretary for foreign affairs who would send the congressional journals, American newspapers, and other information, declaring: “surely the Department of foreign Affairs is of Some Importance to the United States, and their most important Officers abroad ought not to be less informed, than every private Merchant.”
Dupl, both text and signature in John Thaxter's hand (PCC, No. 84, II, f. 181–183.)

Docno: ADMS-06-09-02-0315

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Huntington, Samuel
Recipient: President of Congress
Date: 1780-07-15

To the President of Congress, No. 93

Paris,15 July 1780. Dupl, both text and signature in John Thaxter's hand (PCC, No. 84, II, f. 185–188) printed: Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev., 3:859–860.
In this letter, read in Congress on 26 Dec., John Adams provided an account from St. Petersburg, probably from a French or Dutch newspaper (see the Gazette de Leyde of 11 July), of events in Russia pertaining to the armed neutrality. The report noted the expected arrival of Catherine II and the Austrian Emperor at St. Petersburg and that the Russian fleet at Cronstadt awaited only its final orders before sailing to enforce the armed { 591 } neutrality. Adams then included the preamble to Catherine II's ordinance of 19 May setting down the duties and responsibilities of her subjects in maintaining a strict Russian neutrality in the midst of the Anglo-French naval war, promising to send the full text later (to the president of Congress, 19 July, No. 96, calendared, below). Finally, Adams dismissed the possibility of an Anglo-Russian alliance and predicted that “England must come into the System of Rights preparing for Neutrals, or go to War with all the maritime Powers of the World.”
Dupl, both text and signature in John Thaxter's hand (PCC, No. 84, II, f. 185–188.)printed: Wharton, ed., Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev., 3:859–860.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2016.