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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 11


Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0024

Author: Bowdoin, James
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1781-01-11

From James Bowdoin

[salute] My dear Sir

Your Letter of March last I have but lately received. It was Sent by the Post, I suppose from Newport. When the Gentleman you recom• { 40 } mend in it, Monsr. Petry, comes here, it will give me pleasure to make Boston agreable to him.1
I wish we could have had more of your assistance in compleating the plan of government. Some of the alterations made in it after you left us, were by no means for the better. The whole of it, as laid before the Several Towns, was pretty generally adopted: excepting two or three Articles, particularly the one, which related to religion. However they all had the required proportion of voters.2 The era of the new government commenced accidentally, on the anniversary of the death of his late majesty George II: which some good people think a happy omen, indicating a perpetual end to regal government in these States.3
Be so good as to accept one of the enclosed pamphlets; and to deliver the other to Mr. Dana, with my Compliments.4

[salute] I have the honour to be with every expression of regard Dear Sir Yr most obedt. hble serv.

[signed] James Bowdoin
1. JA's letter of 18 March 1780 (LbC, Adams Papers) is not printed. For its content, see JA's nearly identical letter of the same date to James Warren, and note 1 (vol. 9:63–64).
2. Bowdoin refers specifically to Art. III of the Declaration of Rights in the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, which mandated state support for religion. That provision was not JA's work, but rather that of the committee on whose behalf he had drafted the document. The controversial nature of the article led to its being rewritten by the full convention, but even then it remained unpopular. Indeed, although the entire constitution was declared ratified, Art. III did not receive the two-thirds vote necessary for ratification (vol. 8:238, 262–263).
3. Election day occurred on 25 Oct. 1780, the 20th anniversary of George II's death.
4. This was probably A Philosophical Discourse, Addressed to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . . ., Boston, 1780, which Bowdoin delivered on 8 Nov. at his installation as the first president of the Academy and which he apparently sent to Benjamin Franklin in a letter of this same date (Franklin, Papers, 34:264–265).

Docno: ADMS-06-11-02-0025

Author: Franklin, William Temple
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1781-01-11

From William Temple Franklin

[salute] Dear Sir

The Letter your Excellency honour'd me with dated the 7th. of last Month, I duly received.1 The Pleasures of Amsterdam must be sad indeed, when you wish for the Gout as a Remedy for your Ennui: If I may judge from the Sufferings of my poor Grand father, I fancy you would prefer the Malady to the Cure.
Capt. Bell and Capt. Josiah are arrived at L'Orient, from Philada. a small Vessel likewise is arrived at Bordeaux, from Baltimore. I make no doubt, you have received Dispatches by these Vessels, and will be { 41 } acquainted with the Situation of our Affairs to the Time of their Departure. I cannot however refrain inclosing two Extracts; one of a Gazette, the other of a hand Bill, which came by the Vessel from Baltimore: The Intelligence contained in them, of a French Fleet being arriv'd in Georgia, is not, I think, probable. But you are better able to judge, what degree of Confidence in Merits.2
As your Excellency is likely to have a great deal to do with Bills of Exchange, I take the Liberty to send you the Form of a Bill Book, which I have made use of for three Years past for the Loan-Office Interest Bills, and have found it not only extreamly convenient, but very useful in preventing the paying more than once, the same Bill; which would often happen were it not for this Register, as there is hardly a Day passes, but what the Seconds and Thirds of Bills are presented for Acceptance, when the Firsts have already been paid.
Each Particularity of a Bill, ought to be enter'd in the Book, under their respective Titles: This done, the Leaf on which they are enter'd ought to be paged, and each Line number'd. Then you have a separate Book, which you call your Alphabet, were you enter alphabetically, the Name of the Person in whose Favour each Bill is drawn, and you write after it, the Page and Line, were such a Bill is to be found. I suppose, for Example John Smith P.1. l 15. or when there are several Bills in favour of the same Person l 15. 16. 17. 18 &ca. Whenever a Bill is presented for Acceptation; in order to find out whether it has not already been paid (that is to say, one of the Sett) the first thing to be done, is, to look into your Alphabet for the Persons Name in whose Favour the Bill is drawn, when you have found it, you see the Page and line of every Bill in favour of that Person which has already been accepted: then you compare the newly presented Bill, with those in your Book, and if you find that it is the 2d. or 3d. of a Bill already enter'd, you reject it; if on the contrary you find none of the Sett have before been presented, then you accept it, and enter it in the Bill Book, and put the Page and Line to the Name in the Alphabet.
I have perhaps been more particular than was necessary on this Subject, but knowing from Experience how indispensable it is to be very attentive in Affairs of this Nature, I preferr'd being Clear to being Concise.
Please to make my affectionate Compliments to Mr. Thaxter and the young Gentlemen, and believe me, with great Respect & Esteem, Your Excellency's most obedient, and most humble Servant
[signed] W. T. Franklin
{ 42 }
Permit me to request your Exy. to present my respectful Compliments to Mr. Searle. I am much flatter'd by his kind Remembrance of me, in his Letter to my Grand father.3
RC and enclosure (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mr. W. T. Franklin, with a Bill Book. ansd. 18. Jan.” in another hand: “1781.”
1. Vol. 10:398.
2. For the dispatches brought by Bell and Josiah, some of which Francis Dana sent to JA, see Dana's letter of 10 Jan., calendared above. The extracts enclosed with this letter have not been found, but may have been received at Passy as enclosures in letters of 2 and 3 Jan. from John Bondfield at Bordeaux and Jonathan Nesbitt at Lorient, respectively. Bondfield announced the arrival of a vessel from Annapolis, while Nesbitt reported the arrival of Bell and Josiah (Franklin, Papers, 34:247–249). But see also Bondfield's letter to JA of the same date, above.
3. This was likely Searle's letter of 20 Nov. 1780 to Benjamin Franklin (Franklin, Papers, 34:33–36).
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.
http://www.masshist.org/apde2/