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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 12

Docno: ADMS-06-12-02-0234-0002

Author: Wild, Bartholomé
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1782-03-31

Bartholomé Wild to John Adams: A Translation

[salute] Your Excellency

Being born a free man in Switzerland and living in this free republic for more than 40 years, it should not surprise you that I am interested in a new free people, and that, with God’s help, they will escape British tyranny by surmounting this enslavement. Our province, especially the inhabitants of this city, has learned with great joy that the states of Holland have finally recognized their freedom, and would like to commence a treaty of friendship and trade that could only be advantageous for both nations or republics. We hope that the other provinces will take a firm resolution, equal to the one taken by Friesland.
This letter is to inform you that last Friday, a petition presented to our states’ deputies to this same effect, signed by 83 manufacturers and traders, was favorably received. Yesterday, an extraordinary session was held on this subject in order to prepare for the conclusion of the assembly of their noble mightinesses next Wednesday. I have reason to believe that the wishes of the good bourgeoisie will be achieved and that in the end we will triumph over all of the country’s traitors, that is to say, the Anglomanes.
I have the honor to provisionally send you the petition, and ask that you keep it until I will have the satisfaction of sending you the second one with all of the signatures.1
{ 374 }
I dare tell you that along with Mr. Hoevenaar, the state prosecutor, I have devoted all actions to arrive at this point and be assured that with the reservation of very few people, mostly nobility and bourgeoisie, all are for the good cause. The all powerful blesses this work and may it accrue to his glory and our common prosperity.

[salute] I recommend myself, with your kindness, in having the honor to be with the great consideration of your Excellency, your very humble, very obedient, and very devoted servant

[signed] B. Wild
1. The petition was dated of 29 March, but the copy that Wild, a Utrecht bookseller, apparently enclosed with this letter has not been found. The Adams Papers, however, do contain what is likely the copy with 83 signatures, including Wild’s, that he promised to send later. It is printed, with the names of the signers entered in an unknown hand.

Docno: ADMS-06-12-02-0235

Author: Collins, Isaac
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1782-03

From Isaac Collins

[salute] Sir

It is no less a duty which I owe to myself, than to those, my fellow Citizens and fellow Captives, with me here: that I am at present induced to address you, the subject cruel as it is, can by no means whatever be Justified, nor could either my fellow Captives, or self, have conceived the most distant Idea, that a person of such distinguished abilities, and honored as you are by the call of your Country to the high rank in which you now exist, could have descended so much beneath, the dignity and Character of an Ambassador, as to let private prepossession, or unmerited partiality, take precedence of equity and justice within the line, or limit of your administration, or in any degree, to have met your countenance, much more, to have been your very direct and immediate act and deed, wholly uncontrovertable and as plain a demonstration as that one, and two, make three. And as I have a greater and more sufficient reason, to think myself more particularly aggrieved, than the generality of my fellow sufferers here, I will be plain to tell you, that for some months past, I have been flattered, and finally promised to be released, against one of them three Gentlemen of this Country who were prisoners, to the American Flag in Holland, and for whom you have in direct violation of all laws of equity and justice demanded three Boys, purely because they are natives of the same Town with you (Brantree) in partial and unjustifiable exchanges of this nature, a man may rot in prison, because his immediate fellow Citizen, or { 375 } | view { 376 } Townsman, is not an Ambassador to the Court of our Allies, or such other court in Europe wherein the American Flag is protected. It is several months to my knowledge since that the Duke of Richmond undertook to negociate the exchange of them three prisoners against Capt. McNeil, Mr. Wm: Cozeneau and myself at the requisition of some of our Friends then in Holland, and I had been fully informed that the fair, was acomplished and we were the persons compriz’d in exchange for them, to prove this fact, I have sufficient vouchers in the Letters of several Gentlemen friends to humanity in this Country, to wit, Mr. Wren of Portsmouth and Mr. Heath of Plymouth, and had you in preferance to us who were first mentioned and appointed to exchange them Men; taken three of the oldest, longest or most senior Prisoners in England, some of whom are five years and upwards captives, I had not thought it so unjustifiable and injudicious, but your giving the preferance to three Boys, merely because they were your townsmen is in the opinion of almost all the prisoners here as well as myself a flagrant breach of Justice and equity which you can no ways palliate, and altho’ you may think this unworthy of your notice and attention, yet let me tell you that however unfortunate we may be at present, we hope by the interposition of divine Providence to be one time, or other released from this and enabled to return to our Country when be assured we will not forget or let pass with impunity, such flagrant acts of your ministry, by stating in true Colours, and in a clear point of view, your Conduct in this particular, which in fact and as a duty you owe your Country, you ought, instead of increasing the woes of your fellow Citizens in captivity as in this instance; you should and it is your indispensible duty to alleviate as much as possible their distresses, for know Sir, as I am free to tell you, that ministers are constituted by, and for the good of the people whom they represent to see and administer justice freely, honorably, uprightly and impartially, and not as you have done on this occasion, therefore if you have any thing to urge in defence of so unjust, not to say unpardonable a proceeding you will be brief, as we hope soon to be all sent home, without the Assistance of your ministry, or being under any gratitude whatever, I am however, Sir, Your humble Servant
[signed] Isaac Collins1
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Isaac Collins’s Letter March 1782.—free enough! not to be answered.—the most groundless abuse possible.”
1. For Collins, born in Gloucester, Mass., and captured on the Black Princess in Oct. 1781, see the Descriptive List of Illustrations, Isaac Collins, by John Brewster Jr. 375No. 7, above. Collins’ charge that JA’s efforts { 377 } on behalf of his Braintree neighbors obstructed the exchange of himself and his fellow prisoners has not been substantiated. JA’s assistance to the Braintree prisoners was wholly monetary and there is no evidence in the Adams Papers that JA knew of or was involved in any effort to exchange Americans held in England for British subjects held in the Netherlands.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2018.