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Browsing: Papers of John Adams, Volume 13


Docno: ADMS-06-13-02-0140

Author: Jenings, Edmund
Author: Laurens, Henry
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1782-08-11

From Edmund Jenings

[salute] Sir

I obeyed your Excellencys Commands most Litterally when I wrote to Mr L. to which I have this day receivd the following Answer.1
“When you write next to my good Friend Mr Adams I beg you would assure Him from the moment I receivd Intelligence of that Anonymous Scrip, I treated it with the Utmost Contempt and Abhorrence, I replied to the Gentleman, who transmitted it to me2 in the following words 'I know not what to make of the Anonymous Paper; I will not beleive that either Dr Franklin or Mr Adams would wantonly, or merely thro Envy, do me an Injury.' And Again 'I am as glad that you are convincd of the tratorious design of the Anonymous Letter writer As I am, that I gave no Credit to his wicked Instructions; if once we encourage such people by taking notice of their writings, we put ourselves in the power of the most base assassins, who will first Stab our best Friends and then Us.' Say also to my good Friend 'had He been as explicit with respect to the mission { 230 } while I was with Him, as He is now, my Duty would have obliged me to have Accepted it. I waited upon Him at a great expence—and made a tender of my Services, but He fairly and fully acquitt'd and discharged me; than which no circumstance in my Life, I honestly Confess ever gave me more Satisfaction. I had enterd into an Engagement, and it was my Duty to have persevered to the End, if there had been an opening, but it was a Duty, which I had not courted, and therefore what happened, was by no means a disappointment to myself.'
“Be pleased to add, that I stil hold Him in the same Esteem and Affection, which He will find expressed in my Letter of Octr 17793 altho I have not since upon any occasion, and many I think have offered, this business before us afforded a special one, receivd the Honor of a Single Line from Him. Finally be pleased to assure my good Friend, that no insidious or invidious practices of our Ennemies shall injure Him in my opinion. He Knows me to be a plain and a plain dealing man, very much addicted to believing things, when I Know them to be true, and never losing sight of Audiam 'Altuam partem.'”4
The foregoing is addressed to your Excellency what follows is to me.
“Tis a troublesome tho a cheritable office, my Dear Sir, you have engaged in upon this occasion, but it may be finished by transmitting an exact Copy of the foregoing Lines. The Subject has rather wound me up and made me feel more lively than I really am. I shall sink for it presently, (He seems to have been dangerously ill) for There is another in View, which I must hasten to or I shall lose the opportunity of the present mail. Those pretty Preliminaries, which you have been told are the Rockingham Ideas, which is a mistake they are neither Rockingham nor originally Shelburne—in younder little black Trunk lies an exact Copy, which I treated at the time of receiving them from the projector with becoming Contempt, near four months Ago, in Suffolk Street.5 Assuming on myself the Court of France, I replied to the latter part of this 1st Article, “and who would be fools then?” Speaking as Congress: “Look at the Treaty of Alliance we will not deviate in an Iota from it, shuffling in one point will be a breach of the whole Law. In all treaties I love right Lines, whenever I perceive Zig-zag and Curves I suspect the Track of the Serpent.”
I find Mr Laurens proposes to leave Europe in Septr.
{ 231 }
The person to whom I sent some time Ago the Answer to Galloway is very Idle or very busy—I have written to Him several times to publish it, He proposes to do it with notes of what has since happened.6 I have sent that Lines on the politique Hollandais.
Your Excellency has found, I beleive, that the Information I gave you about Mr Fitzherbert is true. I have reason to think that the Abbé Raynal is not dead.7

[salute] I have the Honour to be with greatest Respect Sir Your Excellency's Most Obedient Humble Servant

[signed] Edm: Jenings
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mr Jennings Augt 11. 1782.”
1. See JA to Jenings, 20 July, above. On 1 Aug., Jenings wrote to Laurens, quoting JA's 20 July letter then adding the following: “I can only add, that having talked frequently of you, and written about you to me, he has always expressed himself with the utmost respect and cordiality towards you. He now seems much hurt at the insidious arts made use of to injure him in your opinion. I trust that your enemies, and his too, will be deceived in their projects. The interest of our country requires that the honest and candid Americans should be firmly united to check and confound the artifice of the designing.” Neither Jenings' letter of 1 Aug. nor Laurens' reply of 5 Aug. have been found, but Laurens extracted portions of both and included them in his pamphlet, Mr. Laurens's True State of the Case. By Which His Candour to Mr. Edmund Jenings Is Manifested, and the Tricks of Mr. Jenings Are Detected, n.p., 1783, which is reprinted in Laurens, Papers, 16:277–333 (for the letters see p. 284–286). And for Laurens' comments on the exchange, see his letter of 25 Aug. to JA, below.
2. Edward Bridgen. For the whole issue of the anonymous letters, see Monitor to JA, 20 May, note 1, above.
3. Vol. 8:188–191.
4. There are two sides to every question.
5. Jenings' letter of 1 Aug. to Henry Laurens apparently contained the same preliminaries that he included in his letter to JA of [1 Aug.], above. Regarding their source, Laurens presumably refers to his conversations in early April with Lord Shelburne about an Anglo-American peace that led him to visit the Netherlands later in the month to discuss the issue with JA. Laurens indicates in his journal that he took the same position with Shelburne that he had taken earlier with the Marquis of Rockingham and the Duke of Richmond and Lennox. Laurens also refers here to his London residence at “Parry's Hotel, Suffolk Street” (vol. 12:410–413, 418–420; Laurens, Papers, 15:400–401, 494).
6. That is, “Letters from a Distinguished American,” written in reply to Joseph Galloway's Cool Thoughts, the first number of which appeared in Parker's General Advertiser and Morning Intelligencer of 23 August.
7. Jenings probably had seen a newspaper account of Abbé Raynal's death. The Gazette d'Amsterdam reported his death in its issue of 9 Aug. and issued a retraction on 23 August. In fact, Raynal lived until 1796 (Hoefer, Nouv. biog. générale).

Docno: ADMS-06-13-02-0141

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Jenings, Edmund
Date: 1782-08-12

To Edmund Jenings

[salute] Sir

Your two Letters containing the Anecdote and the Preliminaries have been recd., and You have seen the use of them.1
I have at length a friendly Letter from Mr. Jay, who tells me some good News, which I must not communicate.2 I have Letters too { 232 } from Petersbourg with other News.3 Upon the whole they are consulting upon Preliminaries at Paris, and concerting Plans elsewhere for a Congress.4 If the King of England and Lord Shelburne knew all I know, they would declare the United States of America free, independent and sovereign, if not from Wisdom, Benevolence or Policy, yet at least from sheer spight and Revenge. There is nothing in my Opinion would mortify their Enemies so much. Yet this Opinion must rest with You and not be quoted. Nothing would disappoint some of their Enemies so much. How would Spain look? How would France look? How would Neutral Nations feel? All Mankind would cry at once, Britain will obtain good Terms of Peace.
There is in the Courier du Bas Rhin of the 10th. and in Luzac's Gazette of the 13th. a Project for the Neutral Powers to help G. B. out of her Lethargy and Anarchy.5 If nobody will hearken to Voice of Benevolence, You and I can't help it. I think it would be very well to speculate in the English Papers upon the same subject. Speculations in the English Papers have the most extensive Influence, because they spread every where. Franklin I verily believe has a Number of Scribblers in his pay in London to trumpet his Fame, and to make more Reputation for him as well as support what he has. It would be well me thinks to have that Money applied to support the Honor, Dignity, Reputation and other Interests of our Country. I say I believe, but this belief is founded upon Evidence a posteriori not a priori.6 I cant account for the Zeal with which his Cause is espoused, and for the Malice with which those whom he dislikes are pursued upon any other Supposition.
I have no Inclination to a Journey to Paris nor Vienna. I don't like the manner in which the Negotiations are carried on by Vergennes and Franklin, but I cant help it.

[salute] Adieu

RC in John Thaxter's hand (Adams Papers); endorsed: “H[is] Eexceellency Mr Adams augst 12 1782.” LbC (Adams Papers).
1. See Jenings' letters of 24 July and [1 Aug.] to JA, both above. JA's reference to his use of them remains obscure unless he is referring to A Memorial to the Sovereigns of Europe, [ca. 5–8] July, above, which had begun appearing in Dutch newspapers, including the Gazette de Leyde of 11 August.
2. Jay to JA, 2 Aug., above.
3. Probably Francis Dana to JA, [1 July] and 22 July, both above.
4. In the Letterbook copy, the following two sentences are underlined.
5. This is JA's A Memorial to the Sovereigns of Europe, [ca. 5–8] July, above.
6. That is, arguing from effect to cause, rather than from cause to effect.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2014.
http://www.masshist.org/apde2/