A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.

Browsing: Adams Family Correspondence, Volume 10

Docno: ADMS-04-10-02-0156

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1794-11-09

John Adams to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

I am now Settled.— The first night I went to a Mr Alders, opposite to Mr Binghams, but not liking the circumstance of living in an English Family an Upholsterer lately emigrated and not admiring the Rooms, I removed last night to Francis’s Hotel in 4th. Street, between Market and Chesnut Streets. Here I Shall be at School with a Society of Patriotic Members of Congress who are all, virtuous Republicans. I Shall agree with them as Gentlemen, but shall claim the Right of a virtuous Republican, to differ from them in political Questions, whenever I may think them in the Wrong.
Our Sensible and worthy Nephew Mr William Cranch Spent the last Evening with me, and gave me a particular Account of the vast Projects of Mr Greenleaf. His Sawmills in Georgia, his Iron Works on Hudsons River, his forty or an hundred Houses building in the Fœderal City &c &c &c. But among the rest I was Sorry to hear of his Opening a Loan in Holland though only at four Per Cent, to enable him to make Payments to his Workmen. I am apt to Suspect Speculations upon Credit, tho sometimes they may be Successful. I however have always placed my Glory in Moderation, not having Spirit enough to undertake, nor Understanding enough to conceive great Projects and Enterprizes.
My Lodings are the most decent of any in Town that I know of, and my Accommodations are quite agreable. Brisler has orders to send you Wheat & Rye Flour for a whole Year, but probably he will not ship it, till Ames returns from Boston. With the flour I shall send Grass seeds for next Spring. The Season with you, I hope is as agreable for Business as it is here, and if it is I hope to have all the Yards filled with The Treasures of the sea thrown in Such { 250 } Abundance on shore, and All the Grass Land in Hancock’s orchard covered with it.
If Hancocks Meadow could have a covering it would be more grateful for it, than any other Land I have at present.
Every Body is anxious about Mr Ames’s Election and impatient to know the Decision: if I he falls it will only be to rise the higher and the faster, for certainly a Man who has had so great a share in producing the present Prosperity of this Country cannot at his years be neglected. The Supposition is too dishonourable both to Government and People. both must be neither generous nor even selfish with common sense, to overlook so useful and honourable an Instrument, of their own fame and their own good. To choose in his Place at such a time as this a Man who has Opposed and Obstructed that very Prosperity, and who would probably very often put it to a hazeard as far as his Vote would go, would be Such a Proof of Levity Wantoness and Folly as I shall not believe till it is proved.
Mr Otis & Family are all very well, very kind and obliging.—
Above all Things take great Care of your Health and Louisa’s too
Yours as ever
[signed] J. A.
My Duty to my Mother & Lover to Brothers & sisters & Cousins &c
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Novbr / 9th / 1794.”

Docno: ADMS-04-10-02-0157

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1794-11-10

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

I hope you are agreably lodgd and that your Company will be to your mind. I rejoice in the ReElection of mr Ames, and mr Smith of Carolina. tis Said mr Freeman is chosen for Barnstable a clasmate of our Son JQA, a Lawyer, a worthy Sensible Man as I have heard.1 for this district mr Reed I hear is chosen. I do not however approve of Clergymen becomeing politicians. you may mak a Chaplin of him. I hear however that he is an ingenious Sensible Man.2 mr Dexter tis thought is not yet chosen, oweing to their being several persons voted for. a large number of votes for mr Gerry who did not wish to be considerd as a candidate and whose influence will be given to mr Dexter should a second vote be necessary.
I have read mr Munroe speach in the National assembly!!! Charmed with the stability of their counsels! what a consience. the { 251 } Translater may be in fault. every minister could not have made Such a speach.3
You wish to know how the Business proceeds— Savil Nightingal & Bracket have been constantly carting sea weed. they have brought sufficient to compleatly cover the orchard. it is not yet all spread oweing, to the potato which has taken of Some of the Hands, and will take they tell me, two days more to compleat. I inclose you a journal of the Buisness of every day since you left me. I set out tomorrow for Haverhill, leaving the weeks buisness agreed upon with Shaw.4 I hope to return on fryday, and by saturdays post to hear from you. do not let Brisler omit my flower. it has risen here to 52 shillings Remember me to all inquiring Friends Thomas thought mr Brisler had best send round his Bed & what things he left. I forgot to mention it to him. he will judge whether it is best to send them now or in the Spring
Your ever affectionate
[signed] A Adams
julia has scarcly got upon the settee since you went away She however retains her affection for the Bed—


Shaw at this place I call N1. Shaw at the other No2
october 30. Shaw No 1 & 2 carting Sea weed. Joy getting wood Trask Hayden & Minos the No leged Negro diging potatoes5 Arnold & Bass spreading sea weed Copland absent. Statson in the Garden—
31 Shaw No1 Bass Arnold joy Minos at the Beach medow diging potatoes very small & slow work— driven of at 12 oclok by a heavy Rain. Spread sea weed in the afternoon shaw No 2 at home getting wood for himself & making a pigs trough Stutson in garden
Novbr 1 All Hands at the Beach medow. left only half a dozen Bushel
2d. sunday—
3d Shaw No1 No 2 joy and Copland splitting Hills Arnold & Bass spreading sea weed, a drisly wet day—
4th Shaw No 1 & 2—Copland Arnold Bass joy & Minos diging potatoes at shaws place
5 all Hands at potatoes stutson Garden
6 ditto—
7th shaw & Howard killing creatures6 Bass & Arnold employd all { 252 } day in bringing round the Scow— Copland Minos shaw No2 & joy at potatoes
8 shaw No1 & Bass loading the Scow & carting up sea weed joy Shaw No 2 Arnold Copland Minos diging potatoes
9th sunday—
10th shaw & Bass loading the Scow & carting up sea weed shaw No2 plowing captain Beals joy Copland Arnold potatoes
RC and enclosure (Adams Papers). Filmed at 7–10 Nov. 1794.
1. Nathaniel Freeman Jr. represented Massachusetts in the 4th and 5th Congresses (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
2. Rev. John Reed (1751–1831), Yale 1772, had been a chaplain in the U.S. Navy and was the minister of the First Congregational Church of West Bridgewater, Mass. He served as a representative in Congress from 1795 to 1801 (same).
3. James Monroe, the new U.S. minister plenipotentiary, was introduced in the French National Convention on 6 Sept. 1794 (An. II, 26 thermidor). His speech emphasized the commonalities and friendship between France and the United States: “Their governments have much analogy to each other. They both cherish like principles, and repose on a similar basis, to wit, the unalienable and equal rights of man. The remembrance, even of common dangers, can but augment their harmony, and cement their union.” He also praised “the wisdom and the firmness of her councils” and pledged the support of the U.S. government for “the liberty, prosperity and happiness of the French republic” (Boston Federal Orrery, 10 Nov.).
4. AA was going to Haverhill to visit Elizabeth Smith Shaw, whose husband, John Shaw, had passed away on 29 September. See AA to TBA, 30 Nov., below.
5. Possibly Samuel Trask (1736–1808), originally of Hingham but at this time living in Quincy (Sprague, Braintree Families).
6. Possibly Samuel Hayward (1760–1812) of Roxbury, a cordwainer (same; JA, D&A, 3:238).
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2018.