From the Providence Gazette Extraordinary.
The following is said to be a copy of the RESOLU-
TIONS of the CONGRESS held at
Saturday, October 19, 1765. A M.
I. RESOLVED, That his Majesty's subjects in
these colonies, owe the same allegiance to
the crown of
Great-Britain, that is owing
from his subjects born within the realm, and
all due subordination* [Asterisk reference mark indicates there is a note
below.] to that august body the parlia-
II. THAT his Majesty's liege
subjects in these co-
lonies, are intituled to all the inherent rights and
berties of his natural born subjects, within the king-
III. THAT it is inseparably essential to the freedom
of a people, and the undoubted right of Englishmen,
that no tax be imposed on them, but with their own
consent, given personally, or by their representatives.
IV. THAT the people of these colonies are not, and
from their local circumstances, cannot be represented
in the house of commons in
V. THAT the only representatives of the people of
these colonies, are persons chosen therein by themselves,
and that no taxes ever have been or can be constitutio-
nally imposed on 'em, but by their respective legislatures.
VI. THAT all supplies to the crown, being free gifts
of the people, it is unreasonable, and inconsistent with
the principles and spirit of the British constitution, for
the people of
Great Britain to grant to his
property of the colonies.
VII. THAT trials by jury are the inherent and in-
valuable right of every British subject in these colonies.
VIII. THAT the late act of parliament, intituled,
"An Act for granting certain Stamp Duties, and other
"duties, in the British colonies and plantations in Ame-
"rica, &c." by imposing taxes on the inhabitants of
these colonies, and the said act, and several other acts,
by extending the jurisdiction of the courts of admiralty
beyond its ancient limits, have a tendency to subvert
the rights and liberties of the colonists.
IX. THAT the duties imposed by several late acts
of parliament, from the peculiar circumstances of these
colonies, will be extremely burthensome and grievous,
and from the scarcity of specie, the payment of them
absolutely impracticable. [Dagger reference mark indicates there is a note
X. THAT as the profits of the trade of these colo-
nies, ultimately center in
Great Britain, to pay for the
manufactures which they are obliged
[Double dagger reference mark indicates there is a note below ] to
thence, they eventually contribute very largely to all
supplies granted there to the crown.
XI. THAT the restrictions imposed by several late
acts of parliament, on the trade of these colonies, will
render them unable to purchase the manufactures of
XII. THAT the increase, prosperity, and happiness
of these colonies depend on the full and free enjoyment
of their rights and liberties, and an intercourse with
Great Britain, mutually affectionate and advantageous.
XIII. THAT it is the right of the British subjects in
these colonies to petition the King, or either house of
[Parallels reference mark indicates there is a note below.]
LASTLY. That it is the indispensable duty of these
colonies to the best of sovereigns, to the mother coun-
try and themselves, to endeavour by a loyal and du-
tiful address to his
Majesty, and humble applications
to both houses of parliament, to procure the repeal of
the acts for granting certain stamp duties, of all clau-
ses of any other act of parliament, whereby the juris-
diction of the admiralty is extended, as aforesaid, and
of other acts for the restitution of American commerce.
* [Asterisk reference mark:] It would have given great
satisfaction to many in-
terested in the common salvation, if the commissioners
had ascertained the precise meaning of the words due
[Dagger reference mark: ] Quære. If levying those duties be
not an internal
taxation; and if so, why not as unconstitutional as
the Stamp Act, alluded to in the 3d resolve?
[Double dagger reference mark: ] Quære. What law
obliges the colonists to take the
[Parallels reference mark:] Is it not inconsistent in any
people to petition the
house of commons, when, at the same time, they deny
its jurisdiction? And has not this inconsistency been
adopted by some great men? - We allow that we ought
to petition the King; - but we can
see no propriety in
a servile application to the representatives of the com-
mon people in
Britain, however powerful and august
they may be stiled by themselves or others.
Robert R. Livingston, William Samuel
and William Murdock, Esquires, were of the com-
mittee to address his
John Rutledge, Edward Tilghman,
and Philip Li-
vingston, Esquires, were a committee to prepare a me-
morial and petition to the House of Lords.
Thomas Lynch, James Otis, and
Esquires, a committee to remonstrate to the House of