A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.

Back to Lexington and Concord

General Gage's Instructions, of 22d February 1775

Page Viewing Options NOTE

Jump:
overview | small | large | transcription HELP

Request this image

GENERAL GAGE'S


INSTRUCTIONS,
Of 22d February 1775,


To Captain Brown and Ensign D'Bernicre, (of the
army under his command) whom he ordered to take
a sketch of the roads, passes, heights, &c. from Boston
to Worcester, and to make other observations :


With a curious


NARRATIVE
Of OCCURRENCES during their mission,
Wrote by the Ensign,


Together with an ACCOUNT of their doings,
in consequence of further Orders and Instructions
from General Gage, of the 20th March following,
to proceed to Concord, to reconnoitre and find out the
state of the provincial magazines ; what number of
cannon, &c. they have, and in what condition.


ALSO,
An ACCOUNT of the Transactions of the
British troops, from the time they marched out of
Boston, on the evening of the 18th, 'till their confused
retreat back, on the ever memorable Nineteenth of
April 1775 ; and a Return of their killed, wounded
and missing on that auspicious day, as made to Gen. Gage.


[Left in town by a British Officer previous to the evacua
tion of it by the enemy, and now printed for the
information and amusement of the curious.]


BOSTON
Printed, and to be sold, by J. GILL, in Court Street.
1779.

[This page is blank.]

INSTRUCTIONS, &c.

Boston, February 22, 1775.

GENTLEMEN,

YOU will go through the counties of Suffolk
and Worcester, taking a sketch of the coun-
try as you pass ; it is not expected you
should make out regular plans and surveys,
but mark out the roads and distances from town to town,
as also the situation and nature of the country ; all passes
must be particularly laid down, noticing the length and
breadth of them, the entrance in and going out of them,
and whether to be avoided by taking other routs.

The rivers also to be sketched out, remarking their
breadth and depth and the nature of their banks on both
sides, the fords, if any, and the nature of their bottoms,
many of which particulars may be learned of the country
people.

You will remark the heights you meet with, whether
the ascents are difficult or easy ; as also the woods and
mountains, with the height and nature of the latter,
whether to be got round or easily past over.

The nature of the country to be particularly noticed,
whether inclosed or open ; if the former, what kind of
inclosures, and whether the country admits of making
roads for troops on the right or left of the main road,
or on the sides.

You will notice the situation of the towns and villages,
their churches and church-yards, whether they are ad-
vantageous spots to take post in, and capable of being
made defencible.

If any places strike you as proper for encampments,
or appear strong by nature, you will remark them parti-
cularly, and give reasons for your opinions.

It would be useful if you cou'd inform yourselves of
the necessaries their different counties could supply, such
as provisions, forage, straw, &c. the number of cattle,
horses, &c. in the several townships.

I am,
Gentlemen,
your most obedient
humble servant,
THOMAS GAGE.

[Endorsement]

To Capt. Brown 52d regiment, and
Ensign D'Bernicre 10th regiment.
(COPY.)

NARRATIVE, &c.

THE latter end of February 1775, Capt. Brown
and myself, received orders to go through the
counties of Suffolk and Worcester, and sketch
the roads as we went, for the information of
Gen. Gage, as he expected to have occasion to march
troops through that country the ensuing spring.

We sat out from Boston on Thursday, disguised like
countrymen, in brown cloaths and reddish handkerchiefs
round our necks ; at the ferry of Charlestown, we met
a sentry of the 52d regiment, but Capt. Brown's servant,
whom we took along with us, bid him not take any no-
tice of us, so that we passed unknown to Charlestown.
From that we went to Cambridge, a pretty town, with a
college built of brick, the ground is entirely level on
which the town stands. We next went to Watertown,
and were not suspected, it is a pretty large town for
America, but would be looked upon as a village in
England ; a little out of this town we went into a tavern,
a Mr. Brewer's, a whig, we called for dinner, which was
brought in by a black woman, at first she was very civil,
but afterwards began to eye us very attentively ; she
then went out and a little after returned, when we ob-
served to her that it was a very fine country, upon which
she answered so it is, and we have got brave fellows to
defend it, and if you go up any higher you find it
so, -- This disconcerted us a good deal, and we imagined

she knew us from our papers which we took out before
her, as the General had told us to pass for surveyors ;
however, we resolved not to sleep there that night, as we
had intended, accordingly we paid our bill which amount-
ed to two pounds odd shillings, but in was old tenor.
After we had left the house we enquired of John, our
servant, what she had said, he told us that she knew Capt.
Brown very well, that she had seen him five years be-
fore at Boston, and knew him to be an officer, and that
she was sure I was one also, and told John that he was a
regular--he denied it ; but she said she knew our errant was
to take a plan of the country ; that she had seen the river
and road through Charlestown on the paper ; she also ad-
vised him to tell us not to go any higher, for if we did
we should meet with very bad usage : Upon this we cal-
led a council, and agreed that if we went back we
should appear very foolish, as we had a great num-
ber of enemies in town, because the General had chose
to employ us in preference to them ; it was absolutely
necessary to push on to Worcester, and run all risk ra-
ther than go back until we were forced. -- Accordingly we
continued our rout and went about six miles further ; we
met a country fellow driving a team, and a fellow with
him whom we suspected to be a deserter ; they both
seemed very desirous to join company with us and told
us, upon our saying we were going towards Worcester,
that they were going our way : As we began to suspect
something we stopped at a tavern at the sign of the gol-
den ball, with an intention to get a drink and so proceed ;
but upon our going in the landlord pleased us so much,
as he was not inquisitive, that we resolved to lye there
that night ; so we ordered some fire to be made in the
room we were in, and a little after to get us some coffee ;
he told us we might have what we pleased, either tea or coffee. We immediately found out with whom we were,
and were not a little pleased to find, on some conversation,
that he was a friend to government ; he told us that he
had been very ill-used by them some time before ;
but that since he had shewed them that he was not to be
bullied, they had left him pretty quiet. -- We then asked
him for the inns that were on the road between his
house and Worcester, he recommended us to two, one
at about nine miles from his house, a Mr. Buckminster's,
and another at Worcester, a namesake of his own, a Mr.
Jones. The second day was very rainy and a kind of
frost, with it however we resolved to set off, and accord-
ingly we proceeded to Mr. Buckminster's ; we met no-
thing extraordinary on the road ; we passed some time in
sketching a pass that lay in our road, and of consequence
were very dirty and wet on our arrival : On our entering the
house we did not much like the appearance of things ; we
asked for dinner and they gave us some sausages, we prai-
sed every thing exceedingly, which pleased the old woman
of the house much ; when we told them we intended staying
the night, they gave us a room to ourselves, which was what
we wanted ; after being there sometime we found we were
pretty safe, as by that time we perceived that the coate
de pay
's was not a dangerous one ; of consequence we felt
very happy, and Brown, I, and our man John, made a
very hearty supper ; for we always treated him as our com-
panion since our adventure with the black woman. We
slept there that night, and the next morning, being a very
fine one, we resolved to push on for Worcester, which
was about thirty miles from us ; we proceeded about nine
miles without any thing extraordinary happening, except
meeting two men whom we suspected to be deserters.
We then dined in the woods on a tongue and some cher-
ry brandy we brought with us, and changed our stock-
ings, which refreshed us much, our feet being very wet.
We then travelled through a very fine country, missed
our way and went to Southborough ; we were obliged to
turn back a mile to get the right road. We then passed
through Shrewsbury ; all a fine open cultivated country.
We came into a pass about four miles from Worcester,
where we were obliged to stop to sketch. We arrived
at Worcester at five o'clock in the evening, very much
fatigued ; the people in the town did not take notice of us
as we came in, so that we got safe to Mr. Jones's tavern ;
on our entrance he seemed a little sour, but it wore off
by degrees and we found him to be our friend, which
made us very happy ; we dined and supped without any
thing happening out of the common run. The next day
being Sunday, we could not think of travelling, as it was
contrary to the custom of the country ; nor dare we stir
out until the evening because of meeting, and no-body
is allowed to walk the streets during divine service, with-
out being taken up and examined ; so that thinking we
could not stand the examination so well, we thought it
prudent to stay at home, where we wrote and corrected
our sketches. The landlord was very attentive to us,
and on our asking what he could give us for breakfast, he
told us tea or any thing else we chose -- that was an open
confession what he was ; but for fear he might be im-
prudent, we did not 'tell him who we were, tho' we were
certain he knew it. In the evening we went round the
town and on all the hills that command it, sketched every
thing we desired, and returned to the town without being
seen. That evening about eight o'clock the landlord
came in and told us there were two gentlemen who want-
ed to speak with us ; we asked him who they were ? on
which he said we would be safe in their company ; we
said we did not doubt that, as we hoped that two gentle-
men who travelled merely to see the country and stretch
our limbs, as we had lately come from sea, could not
meet with any thing else but civility, when we behaved
ourselves properly ; he told us he would come in again
in a little time, and perhaps we wou'd change our minds,
and then left us ; -- an hour after he returned, and told
us the gentlemen were gone, but had begged him to let
us know, as they knew us to be officers of the army, that
all their friends of government at Petersham were disarm-
ed by the rebels, and that they threatened to do the same
at Worcester in a very little time ; he sat and talked
politicks, and drank a bottle of wine with us -- and also
told us that none but a few friends to government knew
we were in town ; we said it was very indifferent to us
whether they did or not, tho' we thought very differ-
ently ; however, as we imagined we had staid long enough
in that town, we resolved to set off at day-break the
next morning and get to Framingham ; accordingly off
we set, after getting some roast beef and brandy from
our landlord, which was very necessary on a long march,
and prevented us going into houses where perhaps they
might be too inquisitive ; we took a road we had not
come, and that led us to the pass four miles from Wor-
cester
; we went on unobserved by any one until we pas-
sed Shrewsbury, where we were overtaken by a horseman
who examined us very attentively, and especially me,
whom he looked at from head to foot as if he wanted to
know me again ; after he had taken his observations he
rode off pretty hard and took the Marlborough road, but
by good luck we took the Framingham road again to be
more perfect in it, as we thought it would be the one made
use of. We arrived at Buckminster's tavern about six
o'clock that evening, the company of militia were exer-
cising near the house, and an hour after they came and
performed their feats before the windows of the room we
were in ; we did not feel very easy at seeing such a num-
ber so very near us ; however, they did not know who
we were, and took little or no notice of us. -- After
they had done their exercise, one of their commanders
spoke a very eloquent speech, recommending patience,
coolness and bravery, (which indeed they much wanted)
particularly told them they would always conquer if
they did not break, and recommended them to charge
us cooly, and wait for our fire, and every thing would
succeed with them -- quotes Cæsar and Pompey, briga-
diers Putnam and Ward, and all such great men ; put
them in mind of Cape-Breton, and all the battles they
had gained for his majesty in the last war, and observed
that the regulars must have been ruined but for them. --
After so learned and spirited an harangue, he dismissed
the parade, and the whole company came into the house
and drank until nine o'clock, and then returned to their
respective homes full of pot-valour. We slept there
that night and no-body in the house suspected us. Next
morning we set off for Weston, had a very agreeable
day, having fine weather, and a beautiful country to
travel through ; we met nothing extraordinary on the
road ; no-body knew us, and we were asked very few
questions : On our arrival at Mr. Jones's, we met with
a very welcome reception, he being our friend ; we re-
ceived several hints from the family not to attempt to go
any more into the country ; but as we had succeeded so
well heretofore, we were resolved to go the Sudbury
road, (which was the main road that led to Worcester)
and go as far as the thirty-seven mile-stone, where we
had left the main road and take the Framingham road.
We slept at Jones's that night and got all our sketches
together and sent them to Boston with our man, so that if they did stop and search us, they would not get our
papers. The next day was very cloudy and threatened
bad weather, towards twelve o'clock it snowed ; we dined
soon in hopes the weather would clear up. -- At two o'-
clock it ceased snowing a little, and we resolved to set off
for Marlborough, which was about sixteen miles off ; we
found the roads very bad, every step up to our ankles ;
we passed through Sudbury, a very large village, near a
mile long, the causeway lies across a great swamp, or
overflowing of the river Sudbury, and commanded by
a high ground on the opposite side ; nobody took the least
notice of us until we arrived within three miles of Marl-
borough
, (it was snowing hard all the while) when a
horseman overtook us and asked us from whence we
came, we said from Weston, he asked if we lived there,
we said no ; he then asked us where we resided, and as
we found there was no evading his questions, we told
him we lived at Boston ; he then asked us where we
were going, we told him to Marlborough, to see a friend,
(as we intended to go to Mr. Barns's, a gentleman to
whom we were recommended, and a friend to govern-
ment ;) he then asked us if we were in the army, we
said not, but were a good deal alarmed at his asking us
that question ; he asked several rather impertinent ques-
tions, and then rode on for Marlborough, as we suppose,
to give them intelligence there of our coming, -- for on
our entering the town, the people came out of their hou-
ses (tho' it snowed and blew very hard) to look at us,
in particular a baker asked Capt. Brown where are you
going master, he answered on to see Mr. Barnes. -- We
proceeded to Mr. Barnes's, and on our beginning to make
an apology for taking the liberty to make use of his house
and discovering to him that we were officers in disguise,
he told us we need not be at the pains of telling him,
that he knew our situation, that we were very well
known (he was afraid) by the town's people. -- We beg-
ged he would recommend some tavern where we should
be safe, he told us we could be safe no where but in his
house ; that the town was very violent, and that we
had been expected at Col. Williams's the night before,
where there had gone a party of liberty people to meet
us, -- (we suspected, and indeed had every reason to be-
lieve, that the horseman that met us and took such parti-
cular notice of me the morning we left Worcester, was
the man who told them we should be at Marlborough the
night before, but our taking the Framingham road when
he had passed us, deceived him :) -- Whilst we were talk-
ing the people were gathering in little groups in every
part of the town. -- Mr. Barnes asked us who had spoke
to us on our coming into the town, we told him a baker ;
he seemed a little startled at that, told us he was a very
mischievous fellow, and that there was a deserter at his
house ; Capt. Brown asked the man's name, he said it
was Swain, that he had been a drummer ; Brown knew
him too well, as he was a man of his own company, and
had not been gone above a month -- so we found we were
discovered. -- We asked Mr. Barnes if they did get us
into their hands, what they would do with us ; he did
not seem to like to answer ; we asked him again, he then
said we knew the people very well, that we might ex-
pect the worst of treatment from them. -- Immediately af-
ter this, Mr. Barnes was called out ; he returned a little
after and told us the doctor of the town had come to tell
him he was come to sup with him -- (now this fellow had
not been within Mr. Barnes's doors for two years before,
and came now for no other business than to see and be-
tray us)-- Barnes told him he had company and could
not have the pleasure of attending him that night ; upon
this the fellow stared about the house and asked one of
Mr. Barnes's children who her father had got with him, the
child innocently answered that she had asked her pappa,
but he told her it was not her business ; he then went, I
suppose, to tell the rest of his crew. -- When we found we
were in that situation, we resolved to lie down for two or
three hours, and set off at twelve o'clock at night ; so we
got some supper on the table and were just beginning to
eat, when Barnes (who had been making enquiry of his
servants) found they intended to attack us, and then he
told us plainly he was very uneasy for us, that we could
be no longer in safety in that town : upon which we re-
solved to set off immediately, and asked Mr. Barnes if
there was no road round the town, so that we might not
be seen ; he took us out of his house by the stables, and
directed us a bye road which was to lead us a quarter of a
mile from the town, it snowed and blew as much as ever
I see it in my life ; however, we walked pretty fast,
fearing we should be pursued ; at first we felt much fa-
tigued, having not been more than twenty minutes at
Mr. Barnes's to refresh ourselves, and the roads (if pos-
sible) were worse than when we came ; but in a little time
after it wore off, and we got without being perceived, as
far as the hills that command the causeway at Sudbury,
and went into a little wood where we eat a bit of bread
that we took from Mr. Barnes's, and eat a little snow to
wash it down. -- After that we proceeded about one hun-
dred yards, when a man came out of a house and said
those words to Capt. Brown, "What do you think will
become of you now," which startled us a good deal,
thinking we were betrayed. -- We resolved to push on at
all hazards, but expected to be attacked on the causeway ;
however we met no body there, so began to think it was
resolved to stop us in Sudbury, which town we entered when we passed the causeway ; about a quarter of a mile
in the town we met three or four horsemen, from whom
we expected a few shot, when we came nigh they opened
to the right and left and quite crossed the road, howe-
ver they let us pass through them without taking any no-
tice, their opening being only chance ; but our appre-
hensions made us interpret every thing against us. -- At
last we arrived at our friend Jones's again, very much
fatigued, after walking thirty-two miles between two
o'clock and half-after ten at night, through a road that
every step we sunk up to the ankles, and it blowing and
drifting snow all the way -- Jones said he was glad to see
us back as he was sure we should meet with ill-usage
in that part of the country, as they had been watching for
us sometime ; but said he found we were so deaf to his
hints, that he did not like to say any thing for fear
we should have taken it ill : we drank a bottle of
mulled Madeira wine, which refreshed us very much,
and went to bed and slept as sound as men could
do, that were very much fatigued. The next morning,
after breakfast, we set off for Boston. Jones shewed us
a road that took us a quarter of a mile below Watertown
bridge, as we did not chuse to go through that town. We
arrived at Boston about twelve o'clock, and met General
Gage and General Haldiman, with their aid-de-camps,
walking out on the neck, they did not know us until we
discovered ourselves ; we besides met several officers of
our acquaintance, who did not know us.
A few days after our return, Mr. Barnes came to town
from Marlborough, and told us, immediately on our quit-
ting the town, the committee of correspondence came to
his house and demanded us ; he told them we were gone ;
they then searched his house from top to bottom, looked
under the beds and in their cellars and when they found
we were gone, they told him if they had caught us in his
house they would have pulled it about his ears. -- They
then sent horsemen after us, every road ; but as we had
the start of them, and the weather being so very bad,
they either did not overtake us, or missed us. Mr.
Barnes told them we were not officers, but relations
of his wife's, from Penobscot, and were gone to Lan-
caster
; that, perhaps, might have deceived them.

Account of the proceedings of the aforesaid officers, in
consequence of further orders and instructions from
General Gage, of the 20th March following ; with
occurrences during their mission.

THE twentieth of March Captain Brown and
myself received orders to set out for Concord,
and examine the road and situation of the
town ; and also to get what information we
could relative to what quantity of artillery and provi-
sions. We went through Roxbury and Brookline, and
came into the main road between the thirteen and four-
teen mile-stones in the township of Weston ; we went
through part of the pass at the eleven mile-stone, took
the Concord road, which is seven miles from the main
road. We arrived there without any kind of insult
being offered us, the road is high to the right and low
to the left, woody in most places, and very close and
commanded by hills frequently. The town of Concord
lies between hills that command it entirely ; there is
a river runs through it, with two bridges over it, in
summer it is pretty dry ; the town is large and co-
vers a great tract of ground, but the houses are not
close together but generally in little groups. We were
informed that they had fourteen pieces of cannon (ten

iron and four brass) and two cohorns, they were mount-
ed but in so bad a manner that they could not elevate them
more than they were, that is, they were fixed to one
elevation ; their iron cannon they kept in a house in
town, their brass they had concealed in some place
behind the town, in a wood. They had also a store
of flour, fish, salt and rice ; and a magazine of pow-
der and cartridges. They fired their morning gun, and
mounted a guard of ten men at night. We dined at
the house of a Mr. Bliss, a friend to government ;
they had sent him word they would not let him go out
of town alive that morning ; however, we told him if
he would come with us we would take care of him,
as we were three and all well armed, -- he consented
and told us he could shew us another road, called the
Lexington road. We set out and crossed the bridge
in the town, and of consequence left the town on the
contrary side of the river to what we entered it. The
road continued very open and good for six miles, the
next five a little inclosed, (there is one very bad place
in this five miles) the road good to Lexington. You
then come to Menotomy, the road still good ; a pond
or lake at Menotomy. You then leave Cambridge on
your right, and fall into the main road a little below
Cambridge, and so to Charlestown ; the road is very
good almost all the way.

In the town of Concord, a woman directed us to Mr.
Bliss's house ; a little after she came in crying, and
told us they swore if she did not leave the town, they
would tar and feather her for directing Tories in their
road.

TRANSACTIONS of the British troops previous to,
and at the Battle of
Lexington ; with a Return of
their killed, wounded and missing,
as made to Gene-
ral
Gage.

ON the night of the 18th of April 1774, at nine
o'clock, the grenadiers and light-infantry of the
army at Boston, received orders to embark immediately
under the command of Col. Smith, in the men of war's
boats, and proceed according to his directions. They
embarked at the common in Boston, and crossed to the
shore lying between Charlestown and Cambridge, where
they landed and received a day's provisions : They be-
gan their march about twelve o'clock for Concord, that
being the place they were ordered to go to, for the pur-
pose of destroying some military stores laid up there by
the rebels. The troops received no interruption in their
march until they arrived at Lexington, a town eleven
miles from Boston, where there were about 150 rebels
drawn out in divisions, with intervals as wide as the front
of the divisions ; the light-infantry who marched in front
halted, and Major Pitcairn came up immediately and
cried out to the rebels to throw down their arms and dis-
perse, which they did not do ; he called out a second
time, but to no purpose ; upon which he ordered our
light-infantry to advance and disarm them, which they
were doing, when one of the rebels fired a shot, our sol-
diers returned the fire and killed about fourteen of them ;
there was only one of the 10th light-infantry received a
shot through his leg ; some of them got into the church
and fired from it, but were soon drove out. We then
continued our march for Concord, and arrived there be-
tween nine and ten o'clock in the morning of the 19th
April, the light-infantry marched on the hills that lay
the length of the town, and the grenadiers took the lower
road immediately on our arrival ; Capt. Parsons of the
10th, was dispatched with six light-companies to take pos-
session of a bridge that lay three quarters of a mile from

Concord, and I was ordered to shew him the road there,
and also to conduct him to a house where there was some
cannon and other stores hid ; when we arrived at the
bridge, three companies under the command of Capt.
Lowry of the 43d, were left to protect it, these three com-
panies were not close together, but situated so as to be able
to support each other ; we then proceeded to Col. Bar-
rett
's, where these stores were, we did not find so much
as we expected, but what there was we destroyed ; in the
mean time Capt. Lowry and his party were attacked by
about 1500 rebels and drove from the bridge, three offi-
cers were wounded and one killed, three soldiers were
killed and a number wounded, notwithstanding they let
Capt. Parsons with his three companies return, and never
attacked us ; they had taken up some of the planks of the
bridge, but we got over ; had they destroyed it we were
most certainly all lost ; however, we joined the main bo-
dy. Col. Smith during our absence, had sent Capt. Pole
of 10th regiment, to destroy some provisions and cannon
that were lodged in another part of the town, he knock'd
the trunnions off three iron 24 pound cannon and burnt
their carriages; they also destroyed a quantity of flour, and
some barrels of trenchers and spoons of wood for their
camp. Upon the different detachment's joining the main
body, and after getting some horses and chaises for the
wounded, we began the march to return to Boston, about
twelve o'clock in the day, in the same order of march,
only our flankers were more numerous and further from
the main body ; all the hills on each side of us were co-
vered with rebels -- there could not be less than 5000 ;
so that they kept the road always lined and a very hot
fire on us without intermission ; we at first kept our or-
der and returned their fire as hot as we received it, but
when we arrived within a mile of Lexington, our ammu-
nition began to fail, and the light companies were so fa-
tigued with flanking they were scarce able to act, and a
great number of wounded scarce able to get forward, made a great confusion ; Col. Smith (our commanding-
officer) had received a wound through his leg, a number
of officers were also wounded so that we began to run
rather than retreat in order -- the whole behaved with
amazing bravery, but little order ; we attempted to stop
the men and form them two deep, but to no purpose, the
confusion increased rather than lessened : At last, after we
got through Lexington, the officers got to the front and
presented their bayonets, and told the men if they advan-
ced they should die : Upon this they began to form un-
der a very heavy fire ; but at that instant, the first bri-
gade joined us, consisting of the 4th, 23d, and 47th regi-
ments, and two divisions of marines, under the command
of Brigadier-General Lord Percy ; he brought two field-
pieces with him, which were immediately brought to bear
upon the rebels, and soon silenced their fire. -- After a lit-
tle firing the whole halted for about half an hour to rest.
Lord Percy then made the light-infantry march in front,
the grenadiers next, and the first brigade brought up the
rear and sent out flankers ; the rebels still kept firing on
us, but very lightly until we came to Menotomy, a village
with a number of houses in little groups extending about
half a mile, out of these houses they kept a very heavy
fire, but our troops broke into them and killed vast num-
bers ; the soldiers shewed great bravery in this place, force-
ing houses from whence came a heavy fire, and killing
great numbers of the rebels. At about seven o'clock in
the evening we arrived at Charlestown, they kept up a
scattering fire at us all the way ; at Charlestown we took
possession of a hill that commanded the town, the Select-
men of which sent to Lord Percy to let him know that if
he would not attack the town, they would take care that
the troops should not be molested, and also they would
do all in their power for to get us across the ferry ; the
Somerset man of war lay there at that time, and all her
boats were employed first in getting over the wounded,
and after them the rest of the troops ; the piquets of 10th regiment, and some more troops, were sent over to
Charlestown that night to keep every thing quiet, and re-
turned next day. The rebels shut up the neck, placed
sentinels there, and took prisoner an officer of the 64th
regiment that was going to join his regiment at Castle-Wil-
liam
. -- So that in the course of two days, from a plentiful
town, we were reduced to the disagreeable necessity of
living on salt provisions, and fairly blocked up in Boston.

RETURN of the killed, wounded and missing, on
the
19 th of April, 1775, as made to General Gage.

KILLED.

IVth regiment, Lieut. Knight, at Menotomy.

XLIIId, ditto, Lieut. Hull, bridge beyond Concord.

WOUNDED.

IVth regiment, Lieut. Gould, bridge beyond Concord.

Vth, ditto, Lieut. Hauxshaw, near Lexington.

ditto, Lieut. Cox, ditto,

ditto, Lieut. Baker, ditto.

Xth ditto, Lieut. Col. Smith, ditto.

ditto, Lieut. Kelly, bridge beyond Concord.

ditto, Ensign Lester, near Concord.

XXIIId ditto, Lieut. Col. Bernard, Menotomy.

XXXVIIId do. Lieut. Sunderland, bridge Concord.

XLVIIth ditto, Ensign Baldwin, near Lexington.

ditto, Ensign McCloud, ditto.

MARINES. Capt. Souter, and Lieut. Potter near Lexington.

PRISONERS.

IVth regiment, Lieut. Gould.

LXIVth ditto, Lieut. Hamilton.

Marines, Lieut. Potter.

Killed. Wounded. Missing.
Officers - - 2 - - 13 - - 3
Serjeants - - 2 - - 7 - - 1
Drummers - 1 - - 0 - - 1
Rank and File 68 - - 154 - - 21
Total,     73     174     26