For Teachers » Core Concepts
Between 1763 and 1776, individuals encouraged other individuals, towns encouraged other towns and colonies encouraged other colonies to join in united resistance to Britain.
What’s the most effective way to get a movement going; to build a coalition of like-minded individuals or groups that will work together for change?
As individuals and groups decide on a course of action, they seek to enlist others to join them. How does such a process work? Students should understand how resistance to Britain was furthered by colonists who acted individually and in groups to persuade others to join the cause, using new and existing political and communications networks, direct personal appeals, symbolic action, and, on occasion, physical intimidation.
- individuals and interest groups made efforts to encourage friends, family and neighbors to join the cause of the revolution
- town councils and other local leaders appealed to their citizens to aid fellow towns and communities
- colonies overcame regional differences to work in unity
- the thirteen American colonies appealed to other British colonies to unite with them against King and Parliament
- identifying pertinent documents:
- finding at least two documents from the Coming of the American Revolution website
- explaining how they illustrate this goal
- interpreting the documents
- conducting a Document Analysis (see Document Analysis Worksheet)
- answering Questions to Consider (writing and discussion prompts) at bottom of each document description
- investigating the significance and interconnections of the documents
- following one or more of the Further Exploration research assignments and project suggestions at bottom of each document description
- drawing conclusions backed by evidence from documents and introductory essays
- answering the following Framing Questions (drawn directly from the stated Goals above) based on those conclusions and that evidence collected from the documents:
- How did individuals and groups encourage others to join the cause?
- How did towns unite with other towns?
- What regional differences had to be overcome so the colonies could work together effectively? How did they overcome these differences?
- What other British colonies were approached and why?
The Sugar Act
Becoming the richest people upon earth
"Americus (in the New-York Papers) writes ..."
Article from page 2 of The Massachusetts Gazette and Boston News-Letter, number 3150, 5 July 1764
The Stamp Act
A Call for a Unified Response
"From the Providence Gazette Extraordinary. The following is said to be a copy of the Resolutions of the Congress held at New-York ..."
Article from page 3 of The Massachusetts Gazette, number 0, 20 March 1766
An Effigy Swings and a House Crumbles
Letter from Cyrus Baldwin to Loammi Baldwin, 15 August 1765
The Art of Persuasion
"From the New-York Gazette of Nov. 7. To the Printer ..."
Article from page 1 of The Boston Post-Boy & Advertiser, Number 431, 18 November 1765.
The Formation of the Sons of Liberty
"Liberty and no Stamp-Act"
"By several Vessels from Charlestown, South Carolina ..."
Article from page 2 of the Supplement to the Massachusetts Gazette, 21 November 1765. (The two-page supplement was published the same day as the four-page The Massachusetts Gazette, Number 0.)
Under the Liberty Tree
St-p! St-p! St-p! No: Tuesday-Morning, December 17, 1765
"Conducted to the General Satisfaction of the Publick"
Letter from Henry Bass to Samuel P. Savage, 19 December 1765
The Badge of Slavery
"Boston, February 24. Last Week was taken up ..."
Article from page 3 of The Boston-Gazette, and Country Journal, number 569, 24 February 1766
"Certain Mutual and Reciprocal Agreements"
Letter from the Sons of Liberty to John Adams, 5 February 1766
"Sensations of Freedom"
The Townshend Acts
"the excessive use of foreign superfluities"
At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, legally assembled at Faneuil-Hall, on Wednesday the 28th of October 1767
"Ladies of the first quality"
"We hear that there was held two or three evenings ago, an assembly of Ladies ..."
Article from page 2 of The Massachusetts Gazette Extraordinary, Number 3351, 24 December 1767
"to a sister colony"
"A Circulatory Letter, directed to the Speakers of the respective Houses of Representatives and Burgesses on this Continent ... February 11, 1768"
Published letter from the Journals of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, Boston: Green and Russell, [1767-1768]
"Deprived of the Councils of a General Assembly"
Boston, September 14, 1768. Gentlemen, You are already too well acquainted with the melancholly [sic] and very alarming circumstances to which this province, as well as America in general, is now reduced ...
Non-Consumption and Non-importation
"Save your Money and Save your Country"
"Messi'rs Green & Russell. Please to insert the following, and you'll oblige one of your constant Readers."
Article from page 2 of The Boston Post-Boy & Advertiser, Number 553, 16 November 1767
The Politics of Tea
"Messieurs Edes & Gill, Please to insert the following, Tea! How I shudder at thy fatal Stream!"
Article from page 1 of The Boston-Gazette, & Country Journal, Number 698, 15 August 1768
Made in America
"March. 30. It was early conceived by the most sagacious and knowing Nations ..."
Article from page 1 of The Essex Gazette, Volume 1, Number 44, 23-30 May 1769
The Formation of the Committees of Correspondence
"A Committee is Born"
Letter from Samuel Adams to James Warren, 4 November 1772
"Saviors of America"
Letter from Thomas Young to Hugh Hughes, 21 December 1772
The "patriotic Province of Virginia"
Boston, April 9, 1773: Sir, The Committee of Correspondence of this Town have received the following intelligence ...
Circular letter "signed by direction of the Committee for Correspondence in Boston, William Cooper, town clerk ..."
The Boston Tea Party
The Tea is Coming
"Philadelphia, September 29. Extract of a letter from London, August 4 ..."
Article from page 3 of The Massachusetts Gazette; and the Boston Post-Boy and Advertiser, Number 842, 4-11 October 1773
"You are … Political Bombadiers"
"The following was dispersed in Hand Bills among the worthy Citizens of Philadelphia ..."
Article from page 2 of The Boston-Gazette, and Country Journal, Number 968, 25 October 1773
The Body Speaks
Boston, December 1, 1773. At a meeting of the people ...
Beware an Unwelcome Visit
New York Celebrates Boston’s Indians
"Boston, January 3, 1774. The Express that went from hence ..."
Article from page 3 of The Boston-Gazette, and Country Journal, Number 978, 3 January 1774
The Coercive Acts
"we suffer in the common cause"
Gentlemen, The evils which we have long foreseen are now come upon this town and province ...
At a Town Meeting in Braintree
"Thursday, June 30. Boston. Whereas scruples have arisen ..."
Article from page 3 of the Massachusetts Spy, Number 178, 30 June 1774
An Abundance of Goodwill
Letter from Titus Hosmer of the Committee of Correspondence for Middletown, Connecticut, to the Boston Committee of Donations (copy in letterbook volume 2), 17 October 1774, pages 81-83
Depend on the Virginians
Letter from William Black of the Committee of Correspondence, James River County, Virginia, to the Boston Committee of Donations (copy in letterbook volume 2), 22 December 1774, pages 94-95
The First Continental Congress
Bankrupt Britain and Save America
"The Association &c."
From Extracts from the votes and proceedings of the American Continental Congress: held at Philadelphia on the 5th of September 1774. Published by order of the Congress.
Philadelphia: Printed by William and Thomas Bradford, 1774.
"Your own Salvation … Depends upon Yourselves"
"To the People of Great Britain ..." and "To the Inhabitants of the Colonies ..."
From the Extracts from the votes and proceedings of the American Continental Congress: held at Philadelphia on the 5th of September 1774. Published by order of the Congress.
Philadelphia: Printed by William and Thomas Bradford, 1774.
Lexington and Concord
A Bloody Butchery, by the British Troops; or the Runaway Fight of the Regulars
"Defend our Wives & Children"
In Congress, at Watertown, April 30, 1775
Testimony of the Midnight Rider
Paul Revere's deposition, fair copy, circa 1775
The Militia Pleads Innocent
A Narrative, of the Excursion and Ravages of the King's Troops Under the Command of General Gage, on the nineteenth of April, 1775: Together with the Depositions ...
The Second Continental Congress
"General Gath hath actually levied war"
In Congress, Friday, June 9, 1775. Resolved, That no Obedience being due to the Act of Parliament for altering the Charter of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay ...
Join the American Cause
"Philadelphia, June 14. In Congress, May 26, 1775. To the Oppressed Inhabitants of Canada"
Article from page 2 of The New-England Chronicle: or, The Essex Gazette, Volume VII, Number 361, 22-29 June 1775
Washington Takes Command of the Continental Army
"Snow too deep for the Cannon"
Henry Knox diary, 20 November 1775 - 13 January 1776
Declarations of Independence
Bring in a Resolve
"Thursday, May 9, 1776"
Pages 264-270 from A Journal of the Honorable House of Representatives. At a Great and General Court or Assembly for the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay..., [Watertown, Mass.: printed by Benjamin Edes, 1776].