A website from the Massachusetts Historical Society; founded 1791.

For Teachers » Core Concepts

CONCEPT 5

Between 1763 and 1776, individuals encouraged other individuals, towns encouraged other towns and colonies encouraged other colonies to join in united resistance to Britain.

What’s the most effective way to get a movement going; to build a coalition of like-minded individuals or groups that will work together for change?

As individuals and groups decide on a course of action, they seek to enlist others to join them. How does such a process work? Students should understand how resistance to Britain was furthered by colonists who acted individually and in groups to persuade others to join the cause, using new and existing political and communications networks, direct personal appeals, symbolic action, and, on occasion, physical intimidation.

    GOALS:

    As a result of using this website, students will understand that...
  • individuals and interest groups made efforts to encourage friends, family and neighbors to join the cause of the revolution
  • town councils and other local leaders appealed to their citizens to aid fellow towns and communities
  • colonies overcame regional differences to work in unity
  • the thirteen American colonies appealed to other British colonies to unite with them against King and Parliament

    OBJECTIVES:

    Students demonstrate their understanding of this concept by...
  • identifying pertinent documents:
    • finding at least two documents from the Coming of the American Revolution website
    • explaining how they illustrate this goal
  • interpreting the documents
    • conducting a Document Analysis (see Document Analysis Worksheet)
    • answering Questions to Consider (writing and discussion prompts) at bottom of each document description
  • investigating the significance and interconnections of the documents
    • following one or more of the Further Exploration research assignments and project suggestions at bottom of each document description
    • drawing conclusions backed by evidence from documents and introductory essays
  • answering the following Framing Questions (drawn directly from the stated Goals above) based on those conclusions and that evidence collected from the documents:
    • How did individuals and groups encourage others to join the cause?
    • How did towns unite with other towns?
    • What regional differences had to be overcome so the colonies could work together effectively? How did they overcome these differences?
    • What other British colonies were approached and why?

Documents

The Sugar Act

Becoming the richest people upon earth
Americus (in the New-York Papers) writes ...
"Americus (in the New-York Papers) writes ..."
Article from page 2 of The Massachusetts Gazette and Boston News-Letter, number 3150, 5 July 1764

View Document

The Stamp Act

A Call for a Unified Response
From the Providence Gazette Extraordinary. The following is said to be a copy of the Resolutions of the Congress held at New-York ...
"From the Providence Gazette Extraordinary. The following is said to be a copy of the Resolutions of the Congress held at New-York ..."
Article from page 3 of The Massachusetts Gazette, number 0, 20 March 1766

View Document
An Effigy Swings and a House Crumbles
Letter from Cyrus Baldwin to Loammi Baldwin, 15 August 1765
Letter from Cyrus Baldwin to Loammi Baldwin, 15 August 1765

View Document
The Art of Persuasion
From the New-York Gazette of Nov. 7. To the Printer ...
"From the New-York Gazette of Nov. 7. To the Printer ..."
Article from page 1 of The Boston Post-Boy & Advertiser, Number 431, 18 November 1765.

View Document

The Formation of the Sons of Liberty

"Liberty and no Stamp-Act"
By several Vessels from Charlestown, South Carolina ...
"By several Vessels from Charlestown, South Carolina ..."
Article from page 2 of the Supplement to the Massachusetts Gazette, 21 November 1765. (The two-page supplement was published the same day as the four-page The Massachusetts Gazette, Number 0.)

View Document
Under the Liberty Tree
St-p! St-p! St-p! No: Tuesday-Morning, December 17, 1765
St-p! St-p! St-p! No: Tuesday-Morning, December 17, 1765

View Document
"Conducted to the General Satisfaction of the Publick"
Letter from Henry Bass to Samuel P. Savage, 19 December 1765
Letter from Henry Bass to Samuel P. Savage, 19 December 1765

View Document
The Badge of Slavery
Boston, February 24. Last Week was taken up ...
"Boston, February 24. Last Week was taken up ..."
Article from page 3 of The Boston-Gazette, and Country Journal, number 569, 24 February 1766

View Document
"Certain Mutual and Reciprocal Agreements"
Letter from the Sons of Liberty to John Adams, 5 February 1766
Letter from the Sons of Liberty to John Adams, 5 February 1766

View Document
"Sensations of Freedom"

The Townshend Acts

"the excessive use of foreign superfluities"
At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, legally assembled at Faneuil-Hall, on Wednesday the 28th of October 1767
At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, legally assembled at Faneuil-Hall, on Wednesday the 28th of October 1767

View Document
"Ladies of the first quality"
We hear that there was held two or three evenings ago, an assembly of Ladies ...
"We hear that there was held two or three evenings ago, an assembly of Ladies ..."
Article from page 2 of The Massachusetts Gazette Extraordinary, Number 3351, 24 December 1767

View Document
"to a sister colony"
A Circulatory Letter, directed to the Speakers of the respective Houses of Representatives and Burgesses on this Continent ... February 11, 1768
"A Circulatory Letter, directed to the Speakers of the respective Houses of Representatives and Burgesses on this Continent ... February 11, 1768"
Published letter from the Journals of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, Boston: Green and Russell, [1767-1768]

View Document
"Deprived of the Councils of a General Assembly"
Boston, September 14, 1768. Gentlemen, You are already too well acquainted with the melancholly [sic] and very alarming circumstances to which this province, as well as America in general, is now reduced ...
Boston, September 14, 1768. Gentlemen, You are already too well acquainted with the melancholly [sic] and very alarming circumstances to which this province, as well as America in general, is now reduced ...
[Boston, 1768]

View Document

Non-Consumption and Non-importation

"Save your Money and Save your Country"
Messi'rs Green & Russell. Please to insert the following, and you'll oblige one of your constant Readers.
"Messi'rs Green & Russell. Please to insert the following, and you'll oblige one of your constant Readers."
Article from page 2 of The Boston Post-Boy & Advertiser, Number 553, 16 November 1767

View Document
The Politics of Tea
Messieurs Edes & Gill, Please to insert the following, Tea! How I shudder at thy fatal Stream!
"Messieurs Edes & Gill, Please to insert the following, Tea! How I shudder at thy fatal Stream!"
Article from page 1 of The Boston-Gazette, & Country Journal, Number 698, 15 August 1768

View Document
Made in America
March. 30. It was early conceived by the most sagacious and knowing Nations ...
"March. 30. It was early conceived by the most sagacious and knowing Nations ..."
Article from page 1 of The Essex Gazette, Volume 1, Number 44, 23-30 May 1769

View Document

The Formation of the Committees of Correspondence

"A Committee is Born"
Letter from Samuel Adams to James Warren, 4 November 1772
Letter from Samuel Adams to James Warren, 4 November 1772

View Document
"Saviors of America"
Letter from Thomas Young to Hugh Hughes, 21 December 1772
Letter from Thomas Young to Hugh Hughes, 21 December 1772

View Document
The "patriotic Province of Virginia"
Boston, April 9, 1773: Sir, The Committee of Correspondence of this Town have received the following intelligence ...
Boston, April 9, 1773: Sir, The Committee of Correspondence of this Town have received the following intelligence ...
Boston, 1773
Circular letter "signed by direction of the Committee for Correspondence in Boston, William Cooper, town clerk ..."

View Document

The Boston Tea Party

The Tea is Coming
Philadelphia, September 29. Extract of a letter from London, August 4 ...
"Philadelphia, September 29. Extract of a letter from London, August 4 ..."
Article from page 3 of The Massachusetts Gazette; and the Boston Post-Boy and Advertiser, Number 842, 4-11 October 1773

View Document
"You are … Political Bombadiers"
The following was dispersed in Hand Bills among the worthy Citizens of Philadelphia ...
"The following was dispersed in Hand Bills among the worthy Citizens of Philadelphia ..."
Article from page 2 of The Boston-Gazette, and Country Journal, Number 968, 25 October 1773

View Document
The Body Speaks
Boston, December 1, 1773. At a meeting of the people ...
Boston, December 1, 1773. At a meeting of the people ...

View Document
Beware an Unwelcome Visit
New York Celebrates Boston’s Indians
Boston, January 3, 1774. The Express that went from hence ...
"Boston, January 3, 1774. The Express that went from hence ..."
Article from page 3 of The Boston-Gazette, and Country Journal, Number 978, 3 January 1774

View Document

The Coercive Acts

"we suffer in the common cause"
Gentlemen, The evils which we have long foreseen are now come upon this town and province ...
Gentlemen, The evils which we have long foreseen are now come upon this town and province ...

View Document
At a Town Meeting in Braintree
Thursday, June 30. Boston. Whereas scruples have arisen ...
"Thursday, June 30. Boston. Whereas scruples have arisen ..."
Article from page 3 of the Massachusetts Spy, Number 178, 30 June 1774

View Document
An Abundance of Goodwill
Letter from Titus Hosmer of the Committee of Correspondence for Middletown, Connecticut, to the Boston Committee of Donations (copy in letterbook volume 2), 17 October 1774, pages 81-83
Letter from Titus Hosmer of the Committee of Correspondence for Middletown, Connecticut, to the Boston Committee of Donations (copy in letterbook volume 2), 17 October 1774, pages 81-83

View Document
Depend on the Virginians
Letter from William Black of the Committee of Correspondence, James River County, Virginia, to the Boston Committee of Donations (copy in letterbook volume 2), 22 December 1774, pages 94-95
Letter from William Black of the Committee of Correspondence, James River County, Virginia, to the Boston Committee of Donations (copy in letterbook volume 2), 22 December 1774, pages 94-95

View Document

The First Continental Congress

Bankrupt Britain and Save America
The Association &c.
"The Association &c."
From Extracts from the votes and proceedings of the American Continental Congress: held at Philadelphia on the 5th of September 1774. Published by order of the Congress.
Philadelphia: Printed by William and Thomas Bradford, 1774.

View Document
"Your own Salvation … Depends upon Yourselves"
"To the People of Great Britain ..." and "To the Inhabitants of the Colonies ..."
From the Extracts from the votes and proceedings of the American Continental Congress: held at Philadelphia on the 5th of September 1774. Published by order of the Congress.
Philadelphia: Printed by William and Thomas Bradford, 1774.

View Document

Lexington and Concord

Bloody Butchery
A Bloody Butchery, by the British Troops; or the Runaway Fight of the Regulars
A Bloody Butchery, by the British Troops; or the Runaway Fight of the Regulars

View Document
"Defend our Wives & Children"
In Congress, at Watertown, April 30, 1775
In Congress, at Watertown, April 30, 1775

View Document
Testimony of the Midnight Rider
Paul Revere's deposition, fair copy, circa 1775
Paul Revere's deposition, fair copy, circa 1775

View Document
The Militia Pleads Innocent
A Narrative, of the Excursion and Ravages of the King's Troops Under the Command of General Gage, on the nineteenth of April, 1775: Together with the Depositions ...
A Narrative, of the Excursion and Ravages of the King's Troops Under the Command of General Gage, on the nineteenth of April, 1775: Together with the Depositions ...

View Document

The Second Continental Congress

"General Gath hath actually levied war"
In Congress, Friday, June 9, 1775.  Resolved, That no Obedience being due to the Act of Parliament for altering the Charter of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay ...
In Congress, Friday, June 9, 1775. Resolved, That no Obedience being due to the Act of Parliament for altering the Charter of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay ...

View Document
Join the American Cause
Philadelphia, June 14. In Congress, May 26, 1775. To the Oppressed Inhabitants of Canada.
"Philadelphia, June 14. In Congress, May 26, 1775. To the Oppressed Inhabitants of Canada."
Article from page 2 of The New-England Chronicle: or, The Essex Gazette, Volume VII, Number 361, 22-29 June 1775

View Document

Washington Takes Command of the Continental Army

"Snow too deep for the Cannon"
Henry Knox diary, 20 November 1775 - 13 January 1776
Henry Knox diary, 20 November 1775 - 13 January 1776

View Document

Declarations of Independence

Bring in a Resolve
Thursday, May 9, 1776
"Thursday, May 9, 1776"
Pages 264-270 from A Journal of the Honorable House of Representatives. At a Great and General Court or Assembly for the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay..., [Watertown, Mass.: printed by Benjamin Edes, 1776].

View Document
"Separate and Equal Station"