Guide to the Microfilm Edition
Microfilming and published guide supported by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Online finding aid sponsored by the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati.
This collection consists of the personal and family correspondence, diary (1758), orderly book, official documents, accounts, receipts, and other papers of Artemas Ward of Shrewsbury, Mass., Revolutionary War general and member of the Continental Congress, together with personal and official papers of Nahum Ward concerning his duties in local offices of Shrewsbury, correspondence of the Perry and Dexter families, and genealogies and other records of the Ward family.
Nahum Ward (1684-1754) was one of the founders of Shrewsbury, Mass., in 1717. Colonel Ward, as he was called, became a moderately prosperous farmer and a central personage in Shrewsbury local government for many years. He was the town's first selectman, its moderator, and its representative to the General Court. He later served as a justice of the peace for Worcester County and, for the last nine years of his life, as a judge of the Court of Common Pleas.
Artemas Ward was born on November 26, 1727, the fifth child and fourth son of Nahum and Martha Ward of Shrewsbury, Mass. After graduating from Harvard in 1748, he taught school briefly, married Sarah Trowbridge in 1750, and opened a small general store in Shrewsbury. Also in 1750, Ward was appointed adjutant major in the local militia. He became a justice of the peace the following year and was soon elected to various town offices. In 1757, he was chosen Shrewsbury's representative to the General Court, an office he would hold 15 more times. In 1762, he began his 30-year tenure as judge of the Worcester County Court of Common Pleas; from 1775, he was chief justice.
Ward had his first military experience in 1755 during the French and Indian War. In the summer of 1758, he participated in the Fort Edward expedition, which culminated in the defeat at Ticonderoga of British General James Abercrombie (1706-1781). He was promoted during the expedition to lieutenant colonel, but had little chance to exercise the responsibilities of command.
When he returned from military service to the General Court, Ward joined the Whig opposition to Royal Governor Francis Bernard (1712-1779). This opposition, spearheaded by James Otis, Jr. (1725-1783) and Samuel Adams (1722-1803), marked the beginning of an alliance between Ward and Adams that was to last for 20 years. Ward served on a committee to prepare a reply to Bernard's Stamp Act riot message. Because of his support for the patriot cause, Bernard revoked his military commission in 1766. However, Ward's strong stand made him popular with the Whigs, and two years later, with the help of his friend Adams, he was chosen for the Governor's Council over the loyalist Thomas Hutchinson (1711-1780). His election was vetoed by Bernard. A few months later, Ward was one of the "Glorious 92" who refused to rescind Adams' 1768 circular letter opposing taxation without representation and calling on colonists to unite against the British government. In 1769, Ward was elected to the Council a second time, but the governor again voided the election results. When Ward was elected for the third time the next year with only ten dissenting votes out of 125, acting governor Hutchinson yielded to pressure and allowed his election to stand.
Because of his popularity with the colonists, Ward was chosen to serve in the first three Provincial Congresses and reinstated to his former militia rank, second in command after Jedediah Preble (1707-1784) and before Seth Pomeroy (1706-1777). At that time, he was 47, a full 20 years younger than either of his fellow commanding officers. On April 19, 1775, the day of "the shot heard round the world," Ward was sick in bed, suffering from "the stone," a condition that would bother him for most of his adult life. Nevertheless, he rode to Cambridge the following day to take command of the American troops besieging Boston, and there he held the first war council of the Revolution. The would-be soldiers, however, were not yet officially enlisted and ranked, and discipline, salaries, supplies, food, uniforms, and hygiene were critical concerns. Furthermore, Ward was faced with a division in command. General John Thomas (1724-1776) had autonomy in Roxbury, and the Connecticut and Rhode Island forces were independent of Ward's command. In early May, the besieging lines were so distended that the Provincial Congress debated a retreat, but Ward held his ground and managed to keep his men together around Boston. When American intelligence learned that the British were planning to attack Bunker Hill, Ward gave the orders to fortify that position, setting the stage for the battle of Bunker Hill on June 17, 1775. However, James Warren (1726-1808) and others later criticized Ward for his slowness in reinforcing the American troops in that battle.
In the spring of 1776, according to John Adams, the majority of the delegates to the Continental Congress preferred Ward for the position of commander-in-chief. However, for the sake of national unity, George Washington--a Southerner--was chosen. As a result, Ward's relationship with Washington was never good. On March 22, due in part to ill health, Ward resigned, though he stayed on until a replacement could be found to head the Eastern Department. For the next year, the theater of war moved away from New England, and Ward's primary task was the fortification of Boston against a suspected British counterattack. On March 20, 1777, he was finally replaced by General William Heath (1737-1814).
Despite the end of his military career and his poor health, Ward continued in public service. In May 1776, he was elected once more to the Governor's Council, where he served for the next three years. For the majority of this time, he was president of the Council and therefore effectively the executive head of Massachusetts. When the new state constitution was adopted in September 1780, Ward supported James Bowdoin (1726-1790) for governor against John Hancock (1737-1793), with whom he had fought in late 1778 as a Harvard Overseer over treasurer Hancock's alleged mishandling of college funds. However, Hancock won the election easily.
Ward was chosen as a delegate to the Continental Congress for the 1780 session. He was re-elected the next year, and again in 1782, but declined because of his health. In May 1782, he was elected to the Massachusetts House, where he served for four of the next five years (he declined election in 1783), and he was Speaker of the House at the time of Shays' Rebellion in 1786. This office and his position as chief justice of the Worcester Court put Ward right in the middle of the trouble. His harangue of the mob from the courthouse steps on September 5, 1786, is the most well-known incident of his lifetime.
Ward ran for the First Congress, but came in third behind his old classmate, the loyalist Timothy Paine, and the winner, Colonel Jonathan Grout. On his second attempt in November 1790, Ward defeated Grout in a runoff election. He served in both the Second and Third Congresses, despite frequent indispositions on account of his chronic ailments. A die-hard Federalist, he unfailingly supported the policies of the president and broke with his long-time friend Samuel Adams over the question of Franco-American relations. In 1795, he left public life and returned home to Shrewsbury, where he died on October 28, 1800, at the age of 73.
Martyn, Charles. The Life of Artemas Ward, the First Commander-in-Chief of the American Revolution. New York: A. Ward, 1921.
Martyn, Charles. The William Ward Genealogy: The History of the Descendants of William Ward of Sudbury, Mass., 1638-1925. New York: A. Ward, 1925.
Shipton, Clifford K. Sibley's Harvard Graduates. Vol. XII. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962. 326-348.
Ward, Andrew H. History of the Town of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. Boston: S.G. Drake, 1847.
Wilder, Catharine K. "Artemas Ward and the Siege of Boston." Cambridge Historical Society Publications. Vol. 36. Cambridge: Cambridge Historical Society, 1957-1958. 45-63.
The bulk of the Ward family papers consists of the personal and family correspondence, official documents, accounts, receipts, and other papers of Artemas Ward, including a diary (1758) and an orderly book. Artemas Ward's papers relate to his participation in campaigns at Fort Edward and Fort Ticonderoga; the siege of Boston; his duties as head of the Eastern Department in the Continental Army, as a Shrewsbury official, and as Speaker of the Massachusetts House; his term as a member of the Harvard College Board of Overseers; his activities with the Continental Congress concerning political, state, and federal affairs; and Shays' Rebellion. Correspondents include Henry Dana Ward, Thomas W. Ward, Joseph Ward, James Bowdoin, General Horatio Gates, John Hancock, Robert H. Harrison, Benjamin Lincoln, James Warren, and George Washington.
This collection also contains the personal and official papers of Nahum Ward, correspondence of the Perry and Dexter families, and genealogies and other records of the Ward family.
For an alphabetical list of the correspondents in this collection, see the List of Correspondents below.
Acquired by gifts and purchases, 1924-1965. Donors include Mrs. Artemas Ward Lamson of Dedham, Mass., Florence Grosvenor Ward of Shrewsbury, Mass., and Catharine K. Wilder, of Cambridge, Mass.
Black and white digital images of this collection--produced from the microfilm edition--are available as part of History Vault: Revolutionary War and Early America, a digital resource from ProQuest. This resource is available at subscribing libraries; speak to your local librarian to determine if your library has access. The MHS also provides access onsite to the Society's contributions to this resource; see a reference librarian for more information.
Detailed Description of the Collection
I. Disbound volumes, 1721-1880
This series consists of volumes that have been disbound and rehoused in document boxes.
The bulk of the documents in this volume pertain to Nahum Ward, though Artemas Ward appears occasionally in his capacity as justice of the peace. Most of the documents fall into two categories: records of the personal business transactions of Nahum Ward, such as deeds, receipts, bills of sale, and surveys; and papers dealing with his many local governmental duties--as Shrewsbury clerk, selectman, moderator, and Worcester County justice of the peace. Significant items include an account of a Shrewsbury town meeting of November 16, 1741, at which Nahum Ward served as moderator; a letter dated June 11, 1750, from Nahum Ward to Reverend Job Cushing concerning the "subversive doctrines" of Dr. Joshua Smith; and Nahum Ward's will of February 21, 1754.
This volume covers the period from the death of Nahum Ward to the beginning of the American Revolution. The majority of the documents are similar to those in Volume 1, with Artemas Ward replacing his father in many of his official capacities. Receipts are numerous, including those to Ward as co-executor of his father's will, as a state-sanctioned trustee of the Indigenous community at Hassanamisco, and as a major in the local militia in its campaigns against the French, 1756-1760. The volume also contains a few muster lists from these expeditions; a series of petitions and counter-petitions regarding a town districting and taxation dispute between May and November 1766; letters to Ward from William Ships and Isaac Stone, dated May 10 and June 23, 1772, respectively, requesting personal favors; and Ward's copy of the famous "Powder Alarm" letter--a letter from loyalist William Brattle to General Thomas Gage, dated August 29, 1774, concerning the former's worries about rebellion within the colonial militia.
This volume consists of papers documenting Artemas Ward's military service in the American Revolution, including his assumption of command of the colonial troops gathered around Boston, his subordination to Washington, his reassumption of command of the Boston forces following the British evacuation, Washington's move to New York, and Ward's attempt at resignation. All of the letters in this volume--many of them exchanges between Ward and Washington, his aide Robert H. Harrison, or Adjutant General Horatio Gates--are included in the List of Correspondents.
Among the significant documents in this volume are a memo from Ward's aide Samuel Osgood, dated May 9, 1775, detailing Ward's strategy for the occupation of Dorchester Heights; a note from Ward to the Committee of Supplies on the day after Bunker Hill (June 18, 1775) complaining of the munitions shortage; the official notification, dated June 22 and signed by John Hancock, of Washington's appointment as commander-in-chief and Ward's commission as First Major General in the Continental Army; a circular letter of September 8 from Washington to his generals, in which he expresses his thoughts on how to drive the British from Boston; and a copy of an undated letter from turncoat Benjamin Church to Major Edward Kean at a time when the former still moved unsuspected in important colonial circles. Letters of March 3, 1776, from Washington and Harrison to Ward discuss the Dorchester Heights project. Correspondence between James Warren and Harrison and Ward in April 1776 concerns salary difficulties in the still-shaky organization of the Continental Army.
Papers in this volume document Artemas Ward's military service from his acceptance of command of the Eastern Department to his long-deferred resignation. All of the letters in this volume--many of them exchanges between Ward and Washington, his aide Robert H. Harrison, or Adjutant General Horatio Gates--are included in the List of Correspondents.
Letters of April 26, August 26, and November 8, 1776, from John Hancock, as president of the Continental Congress, trace the course of Ward's resignation and his agreement to serve until a replacement could be found. Several letters from Washington and Harrison to Ward express concern over the slow progress of the fortification of Boston. Other significant items in this volume include: letters between Ward and agent William Bartlett and between Washington and Ward, April-May 1776, discussing the future of two naval prizes; several exchanges in May regarding the intelligence from Captain Richard Derby, Jr., of the approach of a large British task force; correspondence from Colonel Asa Whitcomb to Ward on June 15, announcing the success of the general's plan to drive British ships away from Boston; a letter from Washington to Ward on August 26, detailing British troop movements around Long Island and Washington's decision to stand against them; an urgent request by General Schuyler on December 3 for reinforcement of his Saratoga forces; and a letter from Ward expressing his disapproval of the proposed exchange of prisoner Benjamin Church.
The bulk of this volume consists of personal accounts and receipts. Other documents include the exchange between Ward and Hancock over the latter's alleged mishandling of Harvard College funds, including Ward's ultimatum of November 30, 1778; a copy of an intercepted letter of November 21, 1780, discussing British "fifth-column" strategy; an unsigned letter to Ward, dated February 8, 1781, discussing important current events; and an undated draft of a letter from Ward to Samuel Adams expressing his gratitude for his re-election to the Congress, but refusing the post for health reasons. Most of the correspondence from Ward to his son Thomas Walter Ward during the 1781-1782 session of the Continental Congress is personal, but a letter of April 30, 1781, details the progress of the war. A letter of September 13, 1782, from Benjamin Lincoln to Ward at the Continental Congress discusses the problems of the federal debt and Massachusetts' role in financing the war and other continental projects.
This volume also contains significant papers concerning Shays' Rebellion, among them Governor James Bowdoin's letter of October 27, 1786, to the General Court informing them that Congress had decided to send troops to western Massachusetts to aid the state militia; another Bowdoin letter of December 3 to the justices of the Worcester Court warning them of the insurgents' plan to prevent their sitting; a letter of December 2 from deputy Secretary of State John Avery, Jr., to Ward warning that he and another judge had been targeted for retaliation; a letter from Bowdoin to Ward, dated December 14, asking his advice on suppressing the rebels; and, on the back of a December 1 letter from Jonathan Warner to Ward describing militia movements, a draft of a letter of December 16 from Ward to Bowdoin detailing the former's views on the situation. Also included in this volume is a March 10, 1787, petition from Silvanus Billings to Ward asking forgiveness for his part in the rebellion.
This volume begins with the proceedings before the Massachusetts House concerning Ward's alleged misuse of his Speaker's prerogative to silence Jonathan Grout. Also included is Grout's written accusation to Ward, dated October 26, 1786; a letter of June 5, 1788, informing the retired Ward of his election as honorary adviser to the governor; a letter, dated September 15, 1788, from Samuel Flagg to Ward apologizing for his bad language and his unnecessary travels on the Sabbath; and the final vote tabulation, dated November 26, 1790, of the Second Congressional election.
This volume also contains significant correspondence from Congressman Ward to his son Thomas Walter Ward. In one letter of January 23, 1792, Ward discusses matters currently before Congress and expresses his worries about his health. On February 22, Ward writes about the dangers involved in increasing the size of the House of Representatives, and a letter of March 1 expresses his growing impatience with political life. On December 28, 1792, he describes his views on the next presidential election and his support of John Adams against the Jeffersonian faction.
In a letter of January 5, 1795, to his son Henry Dana Ward in South Carolina, Ward encloses a sermon and expresses his hope that his son's politics will be informed by religion, as well as his worry that his son will be adversely affected by his time in the South. (Several similar letters can be found on Reel 5 of this collection.) This volume also contains a letter from Ward's successor in Congress, Dwight Foster, dated December 28, 1799, informing Ward of Congressional matters and analyzing the split in the Federalist party; a letter to Ward from Enoch Huntington, dated April 4, 1800, lamenting the passing of their generation; Ward's will of June 1, 1796; and a memorial to Artemas Ward, written by Dr. Joseph Sumner.
II. Diary, 1758-1805
This volume begins as a diary of the Fort Edward and Ticonderoga campaign, covering the period from May 30 to September 16, 1758. The rest of the book was then used by both Artemas and Thomas Ward to record various proceedings before them as justices of the peace--marriage lists, small claims and complaint records, etc. Artemas Ward's notations date from 1762 to 1792, and Thomas Wards' from 1800 to 1805.
III. Orderly book, 20 Apr. 1775-3 Mar. 1777
This volume consists of Artemas Ward's orderly book covering the period of his military service around Boston in the Revolution. The first entry is a brief resume of the work of the first Council of War, dated April 20, 1775, and the last is a copy of a letter of March 3, 1777, two weeks before Ward's resignation. Most of the book consists of daily general orders: Ward's from Cambridge from the beginning of his command until Washington's arrival on July 2, 1775; Washington's from his Cambridge headquarters until his move to New York after the British evacuated Boston; and Ward's from Roxbury until his resumption of command in Boston on March 29, 1776, where they continue until his resignation. For the first several months, the orderly book clearly reveals the chaos of the American army--the need for discipline and the problems of enlistment and ranking, liquor, swearing, camp followers, fraternization with the enemy, insubordination, forged enlistments, corruption, and general camp squalor. Though the orders gradually deal less with disciplinary matters, they still describe the day-to-day concerns of the American army. The volume also contains a number of copies of letters from Ward between April 1776 and March 1777, written in the hand of Ward's secretary and distant cousin, Joseph Ward. The majority of them are addressed to Washington in New York and include reports on the state of the Boston fortifications, complaints of ill health, and requests for relief. All of these letters are included in the List of Correspondents.
IV. Letters of George Washington and his aides, 1775-1780
This series consists of a disbound volume of letters written by George Washington, Ward, and others. Preceding the correspondence is a short introduction by Moncure D. Conway. Items in this volume include: a copy of a letter from Ward to Washington of August 25, 1775, expressing his fear of a British attack and asking Washington's opinion of the Dorchester Heights project; a copy of Washington's letter to the Massachusetts Council on September 19, 1776, describing his defeat at Long Island and the famous retreat; a communication from General William Howe to Washington of December 21, 1775, concerning the treatment of prisoner of war Ethan Allen; correspondence from Gates to Ward during 1776 relaying orders from Washington; a letter from Washington to Ward, dated April 29, 1776, criticizing the slow progress on the fortification of Boston; Ward's undated reply; a letter from John Avery, Jr., to Ward on July 4, 1776, discussing the smallpox problem plaguing the American troops; and two drafts in Ward's handwriting, one of November 14, 1780, and the other undated, expressing his views of the current political scene.
V. Loose papers, 1747-1953
This series consists of an assortment of receipts, accounts, and other personal papers, as well as correspondence. Correspondence dealing with Artemas Ward falls into two categories: letters from the period 1761 to 1791, of which the majority concern military matters in 1776 and 1777; and letters from Ward to his son Henry Dana Ward in South Carolina from 1794 to 1796. Significant documents include a letter from Artemas to Henry Dana Ward on February 25, 1795, urging him to hold fast to "New England Politicks" and "New England Religion"; a letter dated March 3, 1795, announcing Ward's retirement from public life and again discussing religion and politics; and two letters written to Henry Dana Ward from Shrewsbury on February 1 and October 10, 1796, that articulate Ward's Federalist views and discuss the presidential candidacy of John Adams and Jay's Treaty.
The rest of the loose correspondence consists of miscellaneous personal correspondence, mostly among Ward's children. Representative Artemas Ward, Jr., expresses his objections to the War of 1812 and his dislike of Washington, D.C., in a letter to his brother Henry Dana Ward on May 26, 1813, who writes on the same subject on January 24, 1815. A letter of January 22, 1819, from Christopher Gore to Artemas Ward, Jr., concerns the relationship between Artemas Ward and George Washington. Also included in this series is some correspondence pertaining to the acquisition of the Artemas Ward papers by the Massachusetts Historical Society.
VI. Ward family correspondence, 1821-1890
This bulk of this disbound volume consists of personal correspondence from various Ward descendants to their relatives. Documents are not arranged in strict chronological order.
List of Correspondents
This list contains the names of all the correspondents in the Artemas Ward collection, arranged alphabetically. To the left of each name is the reel where correspondence with that individual is located. Wherever possible, each correspondent has been identified briefly according to the period, locale, or subject matter of his or her correspondence with Ward. Each correspondent's letters are listed chronologically after his or her name, and Ward is always the recipient, except where noted. Resolutions, returns, deeds, receipts, petitions from more than one person, and other similar documents have not been included.
Note: Reel 5 contains two series with two distinct chronological sequences. The reel begins with Series V, loose papers arranged chronologically (1747-1953), followed by Series VI, the disbound volume of Ward family correspondence (1821-1890). To distinguish between the two series, items located in Series VI (Ward family correspondence) have been identified with: "Reel 5 (Ward family)."
Avery, Jonathan, Jr. Mass. Deputy Secretary of State.
Baker, William, Jr. Of Boston, Mass.
Baldwin, Elizabeth. Thomas Walter Ward's daughter.
Bancroft, George W. Groton, Mass., farmer.
Barber, Nathaniel, Jr. Commissary of Military Stores.
Bartlett, William. Agent.
Bell, John. Of Londonderry, N.H.
Billings, Silvanus. Petitioner.
Bissell, Ozias. Captain, U.S. Army.
Boutwell, George S. Member of Congress from Mass.
Bowdoin, James. Governor of Mass.
Brattle, William. Boston merchant, loyalist.
Carter, John. Prisoner of war.
Chase, Thomas. General John Thomas' aide-de-camp.
Cheever, Daniel. Committee of Supply.
Cheever, Ezekiel. Commissary of Military Stores.
Chester, John. Captain, U.S. Army.
Choate, Rufus. Lawyer, senator from Mass.
Church, Benjamin. Physician, traitor.
Collins, John. Chairman, Newport, R.I., Committee of Inspection.
Cooke, Nicholas. Governor of R.I.
Cushing, Thomas. Speaker, Mass. House.
Danielson, Timothy. Colonel, U.S. Army.
Dashwood, Samuel. Petitioner.
Davis, Joshua. Colonel, U.S. Army.
Derby, Richard, Jr. Salem merchant.
Devens, Richard. Chairman, Committee of Safety.
Dexter, Ichabod. Of Athol, Mass.
Dexter, Samuel. Of Dedham, Mass.
Dix, Caroline Ward. Thomas Walter Ward's daughter.
Dodge, Moses. Merchant.
Drowne, Henry Russell.
Drury, John. Constituent.
d'Estaing, Count Charles Hector. French admiral.
Flagg, Samuel. Constituent.
Foster, Dwight. Member of Congress from Mass.
Frazer, John G. Major, U.S. Army.
Frye, Joseph. General, U.S. Army.
Gates, Horatio. General, U.S. Army.
Gerry, Elbridge. Merchant, member of Mass. House.
Glover, Jonathan. Agent.
Gore, Christopher. Former governor of Mass.
Greene, Nathanael. General, U.S. Army.
Grout, Jonathan. Member of Mass. House.
Hamilton, Alexander. Secretary of Treasury.
Hancock, John. President, Continental Congress.
Harrison, Robert H. George Washington's aide-de-camp and secretary.
Heath, William. General, U.S. Army.
Henshaw, William. Adjutant general, U.S. Army.
Heywood, B. Mass. Militia officer.
Heywood, Benjamin. Constituent.
Howe, William. General, British Army.
Huntington, Enoch. Of Middletown, Conn.
Huntington, Joshua. Lieutenant, U.S. Army.
Jewett, Dummer. Of Ipswich, Mass.
Kingsley, Nathaniel. Of Becket, Mass.
Langdon, John. Captain, U.S. Army.
Langdon, Samuel. President, Harvard College.
Leonard, Daniel. Taunton Committee Chairman.
Lincoln, Benjamin. President, Committee of Supply. General, U.S. Army.
Livingston, Abraham. Captain, U.S. Army.
Lovell, John, Jr. Officer, U.S. Army.
Martyn, Charles. Biographer of Artemas Ward.
Maynard, Stephen. Petitioner.
Mercer, Archibald. Petitioner.
Mifflin, Thomas. Major, U.S. Army.
Morgan, John. Cambridge, Mass., physician.
Morton, Perez. Mass. Council Secretary.
Moylan, Stephen. George Washington's aide-de-camp.
Murray, Daniel. Petitioner.
Nixon, Jonathan. General, U.S. Army.
Norris, Abbott. Businessman.
Orne, Joshua. Chairman, Marblehead Committee.
Osgood, Samuel. Artemas Ward's aide-de-camp.
Paine, Nathaniel. Constituent.
Palfrey, William. George Washington's aide-de-camp.
Parke, John. Major, U.S. Army.
Perkins, Elijah. Member of Congress.
Peters, Richard. Secretary, Board of War.
Pickering, Timothy. Colonel, U.S. Army, Quartermaster General.
Pitkin, George. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army.
Providence, R.I., Naval Committee.
Putnam, Rufus. Colonel, U.S. Army.
Putnam, Sarah H. Thomas Walter Ward's daughter.
Quincy, Josiah. President, Harvard College.
Randolph, Edmund. George Washington's aide-de-camp.
Reed, Joseph. George Washington's secretary.
Sargent, Winthrop. Agent.
Schuyler, Thomas. General, U.S. Army.
Shaw, Robert G.
Ships, William. Constituent.
Skimmer, John. Captain, U.S. Army.
Stearns, Jonas. Petitioner.
Stockbridge, Samuel. Captain of Guard.
Stone, Isaac. Shrewsbury, Mass., leader. Constituent.
Story, William. Clerk, U.S. Army. Petitioner.
Sumner, Joseph. Of Shrewsbury, Mass.
Thompson, William. Of Brookline, Mass. Petitioner.
Thornton, Matthew. Of Londonderry, N.H.
Tracy, Ebenezer. Husband of Maria Tracy.
Tracy, Maria. Artemas Ward's daughter.
Trowbridge, Hannah. Artemas Ward's mother-in law.
Trumbull, John. George Washington's aide-de-camp.
Trumbull, Joseph. Commissary General.
Wadsworth, Peleg. Captain, U.S. Army, aide-de-camp.
Ward, Andrew Henshaw. Thomas Walter Ward's son.
Ward, Artemas, Jr. Artemas Ward's son.
Ward, Henry Dana. Artemas Ward's son.
Ward, Henry Dana, II. Thomas Walter Ward's son.
Ward, Elizabeth. Thomas Walter Ward's wife.
Ward, Ithamar. Colonel, U.S. Army.
Ward, John M.
Ward, Jonathan. Of Southborough, Mass.
Ward, Joseph. Artemas Ward's secretary.
Ward, Joseph W. Thomas Walter Ward's son.
Ward, Nahum. Artemas Ward's father.
Ward, Sarah H. Thomas Walter Ward's daughter-in-law.
Ward, Thomas Walter. Artemas Ward's son.
Ward, William. A.H. Ward's son.
Ward, William Skinner. Thomas Walter Ward's grandson.
Warner, Jonathan. Of Worcester, Mass.
Warren, James. President, Provincial Congress.
Washington, George. Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Army.
Watson, William. Agent.
Weare, Meshech. Chairman, N.H. Committee of Safety.
Webb, Samuel. George Washington's aide-de-camp.
Weeks, Gertrude C.
Weeks, John. Colonel, Mass. Militia.
Whitcomb, Asa. Colonel, U.S. Army.
White, Moses. Captain, U.S. Army.
Willard, Joseph. President, Harvard College.
Winslow, Joshua. Boston merchant.
Winthrop, John. Mass. Council Chairman.
Ward family papers, Massachusetts Historical Society.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.