COLLECTION GUIDES

1874-2022

Guide to the Collection

Restrictions on Access

The Massachusetts Audubon Society Records are stored offsite and must be requested at least two business days in advance via Portal1791. Researchers needing more than six items from offsite storage should provide additional advance notice. If you have questions about requesting materials from offsite storage, please contact the reference desk at 617-646-0532 or reference@masshist.org.

There are restrictions on the use of this collection. Users must sign an agreement stating that they understand these restrictions before they will be given access to the collection.


Collection Summary

Abstract

The Records of the Massachusetts Audubon Society (Mass Audubon) document the administrative, educational, scientific, and environmental activities of the organization from its founding in 1896 to 2022, with gaps. Included are administrative and financial records, records related to individual sanctuaries, historical records, ornithological records, records of related organizations, printed material, photographs, and audio-visual material.

Organizational Sketch

The Massachusetts Audubon Society (Mass Audubon) was founded in 1896 when Boston residents Harriett Lawrence Hemenway and Minna B. Hall formed a group to discourage "ladies of fashion" from wearing the brightly-colored feathers of non-game birds in their hats, a market that had caused the birds to be hunted almost to extinction. Recruiting leading ornithologist William Brewster as their first president, the group became the first state Audubon society in North America. Headquartered in Boston, it was instrumental in the passage of an 1897 Massachusetts law outlawing trade in wild bird feathers and the 1900 Lacey Act, prohibiting interstate shipment of animals killed in violation of local laws. The group also helped to organize the National Association of Audubon Societies (incorporated in 1905), which later became the National Audubon Society.

Mass Audubon opened their first sanctuary, Moose Hill in Sharon, in 1916, initiating its mission in land stewardship, as well as bird and wildlife protection. In the 1930s and 1940s, Mass Audubon began to emphasize education, establishing natural history programs for schools and day camps, training teachers, and offering programs for children and adults. The organization began its program of professional research in 1956, with a scientific staff and laboratory facilities that by the 1970s and 1980s specialized not only in endangered species, but in environmental issues such as pesticides, water pollution, wetlands protection, and energy conservation.

Today Mass Audubon is the largest conservation organization in New England. It maintains over 50 field offices and wildlife sanctuaries that serve as a base for nature and environmental education courses, programs, scientific research, and conservation-related activities. It protects over 40,000 acres of open space from the Berkshires to Cape Cod and the Islands, publishes a nature magazine and newsletter for more than 100,000 members, and actively advocates for conservation laws and planning at the local, state, and federal levels.

Historical Timeline

1896
Massachusetts Audubon Society for the Protection of Birds is organized by Harriett Hemenway and Minna B. Hall as the first such society in North America.
Leading ornithologist William Brewster (1851-1919) is elected board president, serving from 1896-1913.
1897
Massachusetts passes a bill outlawing trade in wild bird feathers.
1898
First Mass Audubon calendar was published and sold for fifty cents.
1900
Mass Audubon and other state Audubon societies are influential in the passage of the Lacey Act, prohibiting interstate shipment of birds killed in violation of local laws.
1901
Mass Audubon provides a traveling library of bird books to be circulated throughout the state, with help from the Woman's Education Association.
1902
National Committee of Audubon Societies is formed to bind together and make more effective the work of the various state organizations.
1905
National Association of Audubon Societies incorporates.
1912
Mass Audubon begins working with public school teachers in "Junior Audubon" classes.
1913
Mass Audubon headquarters move to the basement of the Boston Museum of Natural History at 66 Newbury St.
Winthrop Packard becomes secretary-treasurer, serving until 1936.
William Brewster resigns as board president, succeeded by state ornithologist Edward Howe Forbush (1858-1929), who serves until 1925.
1915
Mass Audubon is incorporated under the laws of Massachusetts.
1916
Mass Audubon is influential in the passage of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1916.
Mass Audubon acquires its first sanctuary, Moose Hill in Sharon, initiating its program of land stewardship.
1917
Mass Audubon first publishes Bulletin, a monthly magazine.
1925
Robert Walcott becomes board president, serving until 1956.
The first volume of Birds of Massachusetts is published.
1929
Mass Audubon hires L. Raymond Talbot as an educational field agent to give public high school lectures throughout the state. Lecture program continues until 1937.
1930
Mass Audubon receives its largest bequest to date, $100,000, from the estate of Annie H. Brown of Stoneham.
1936
Mass Audubon merges with Federation of Bird Clubs of New England and acquires two sanctuaries: Annie H. Brown Sanctuary on Plum Island and Paine Sanctuary on Tern Island, Cape Cod.
Carl W. Buchheister becomes secretary-treasurer, serving until 1939.
1937
Mass Audubon publishes Birds of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts.
1939
C. Russell Mason becomes secretary-treasurer, and in 1947, assumes the title of executive director, serving until 1957.
Mass Audubon begins supplying consultants and natural science teachers to public and private schools.
1942
Mass Audubon transfers Plum Island property to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a site that would become Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.
1943
Mass Audubon moves from the Boston Society of Natural History at 66 Newbury Street to 155 Newbury Street.
1944
Mass Audubon acquires Arcadia Sanctuary in Northampton/Easthampton as its first major sanctuary in western Massachusetts.
1948
Mass Audubon acquires Cook's Canyon Sanctuary in Barre.
1949
Wildwood Nature Camp is established at Cook's Canyon, continuing at this site for 33 years.
1950
Mass Audubon acquires Pleasant Valley Sanctuary in Lenox.
1951
Mass Audubon acquires Ipswich River Sanctuary in Topsfield/Hamilton/Wenham.
1955
Mass Audubon's Education Department, in conjunction with the Boston Children's Museum, sponsors the television series Discovery on WGBH.
1956
Drumlin Farm property in Lincoln is donated to Mass Audubon by the estate of Louise Ayer Hatheway.
Mass Audubon begins professional research programs with scientific staff headed by Dr. William Drury.
1957
Allen H. Morgan becomes executive vice president and secretary, serving until 1980.
Education Department moves to the Hatheway School of Conservation Education at Drumlin Farm.
1958
Bulletin is replaced by a quarterly publication, Massachusetts Audubon.
Mass Audubon acquires Wellfleet Bay Sanctuary in South Wellfleet.
1959
Staff offices and activities move from Newbury Street in Boston to Drumlin Farm in South Lincoln.
1961
Mass Audubon newsletter begins production.
1963
Mass Audubon acquires Broadmoor/Little Pond Sanctuary in Natick/Sherborn.
1966
Mass Audubon acquires Laughing Brook Sanctuary in Hampden.
1971
Massachusetts Audubon becomes Man and Nature.
National Audubon Society and the Massachusetts Audubon Society begin sharing a joint scientific staff.
1972
Mass Audubon hires MIT physicist Jim MacKenzie as energy specialist to work on energy conservation issues.
1974
Blue Hills Trailside Museum in Milton, interpretive center for the Blue Hills Reservation, comes under Mass Audubon management.
1976
Mass Audubon passes the milestone of 10,000 acres of open space acquired.
1977
Mass Audubon publishes Sanctuary.
1978
Allen Morgan installs a solar heating system as a model project at Drumlin Farm.
1980
Gerard A. Bertrand, a 36-year-old scientist with international environmental and legal experience, becomes president, serving until 1999.
1984
Mass Audubon begins cooperative work with the Belize Audubon Society, forming Programme for Belize in 1988.
1986
Mass Audubon launches Coastal Waterbird Program in response to declining populations of piping plovers and terns.
1991
Broad Meadow Brook in Worcester opens as the largest urban wildlife sanctuary in New England.
1993
Mass Audubon organizes the Center for Biological Conservation, which studies ecological issues on a regional basis.
1994
Wildwood Nature camp moves to Camp Collier in Gardner.
Habitat Education Center and Wildlife Sanctuary opens in Belmont.
1998
Boston Nature Center and Wildlife Sanctuary opens on the site of the Boston State Hospital in Mattapan, with a focus on programming for inner-city Boston schools.
1999
Laura Johnson becomes president, serving until 2012.
Visual Arts Center opens in Canton as a professional art museum and wildlife sanctuary.
2003
Joppa Flats Education Center in Newburyport opens as the gateway to Parker River National Wildlife Refuge on Plum Island and the Merrimack River.
2012
Conservationist Henry George Tepper becomes Mass Audubon's president, serving until 2015.
2015
Gary Clayton, formerly Mass Audubon's Vice President of Conservation Programs, becomes president, serving until his retirement in 2020.
2018
Tidmarsh Wildlife Sanctuary, once a working cranberry farm, opens in Plymouth.
2019
Brewster's Woods Wildlife Sanctuary, once part of the farm of Mass Audubon's first president, William Brewster, is donated as the largest gift in Mass Audubon's history.
2020
David J. O'Neill becomes Mass Audubon's president.

Collection Description

The records of the Massachusetts Audubon Society (Mass Audubon) comprise 121 record cartons, 11 document boxes, and 5 oversize boxes dating from 1874 to 2021. They are divided into eight series: Administrative records; Sanctuary records; Histories and historical material; Ornithological records; Records of related organizations; Printed material; Photographs and audio-visual material; and Gary Clayton additions.

Administrative records include the records of the Mass Audubon board of directors and their related committees; annual and monthly reports; financial records; executive office records, largely the correspondence and subject files of Winthrop Packard, C. Russell Mason, and Allen H. Morgan; and records of the departments of education, membership and development, sanctuary operations and management, and conservation science.

Sanctuary records contain documents generated by or related to individual sanctuaries, including administrative records, subject files, ornithological records, historical property records, printed material, and photographs. The quantity of records for each sanctuary varies considerably, ranging from one or two folders to multiple cartons, and in most cases is neither comprehensive nor complete. The most heavily represented sanctuaries in the series are Arcadia Wildlife Sanctuary, Broadmoor Wildlife Sanctuary, Drumlin Farm, Habitat Wildlife Sanctuary and Education Center, Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary, Laughing Brook Wildlife Sanctuary, Moose Hill Wildlife Sanctuary, Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, and Wellfleet Wildlife Sanctuary. In many cases, sanctuary records contain information about the history of the property before it was owned by Mass Audubon, most notably the records related to the Thornton Burgess house and property at Laughing Brook Wildlife Sanctuary in Hampden.

The collection contains histories of Mass Audubon including a series of unpublished histories by former director Allen Morgan, John Galluzzo's 2005 Mass Audubon, and scrapbooks of historical material. Ornithological records include reports of Mass Audubon birding activity, including checklists, summaries, and field notes, as well as the personal birding records of Francis H. Allen, Norman Winslow Hall, John B. May, Allen H. Morgan, and others. Records of the Oliver L. Austin Ornithological Research Station contain over 30 years of tern research on Cape Cod.

Records of related organizations within this collection include a small amount of research and correspondence of the Nuttall Ornithological Club; the records of the Nantucket Ornithological Society; and the administrative and financial records of Morse-Allen, Inc., a film production company that was donated to Mass Audubon along with the property, which is now home to the Museum of American Bird Art.

Printed material comprises one of the largest series in the collection, including Mass Audubon bird calendars from 1898 to 2004 (with gaps) and the periodicals Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, Massachusetts Audubon, Sanctuary, Connections, and The Curious Naturalist. Also in this series are books, pamphlets, and reports related to ornithology, nature studies, and environmental issues that were published by Mass Audubon, as well as brochures, field guides, program catalogs, and other printed material. The collection also includes a small amount of photographs, audio cassette tapes, and film prints.

The records of Gary Clayton, added to this collection in 2023, consist of papers compiled by Clayton from 1989 to 2020 in his capacities as Sanctuary Department director, vice president for Conservation Programs, and Mass Audubon's president. They include general correspondence and papers; board of directors records; strategic planning, capital campaign, and financial records; Sanctuary Department records, including records pertaining to individual sanctuaries; other departmental records; and subject files. These additions are closed until 1 January 2051.

Acquisition Information

Deposited by the Massachusetts Audubon Society, 2006-2022.

Restrictions on Access

The Massachusetts Audubon Society Records are stored offsite and must be requested at least two business days in advance via Portal1791. Researchers needing more than six items from offsite storage should provide additional advance notice. If you have questions about requesting materials from offsite storage, please contact the reference desk at 617-646-0532 or reference@masshist.org.

There are restrictions on the use of this collection. Users must sign an agreement stating that they understand these restrictions before they will be given access to the collection.

Restrictions on Use

The records of the Massachusetts Audubon Society have been placed on deposit at the Massachusetts Historical Society. The Massachusetts Historical Society does not claim ownership of the literary rights (copyright) to this collection. The Massachusetts Historical Society cannot give permission to publish or quote from documents to which it does not hold copyright. Use of these materials does not imply permission to publish. It is the sole responsibility of the researcher to obtain formal permission from the owners of the literary rights (copyright) to publish or quote from documents in this collection.

All reproductions, including photocopies and digital photographs, are for personal use only. Personal use copies may not be donated to or deposited in other libraries or archives, or made available to other researchers, without the written permission of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Detailed Description of the Collection

I. Administrative records, 1883-2021

This series contains the records of the Mass Audubon board of directors and their related committees; annual and monthly reports; financial records; executive office records; records of the departments of education, advocacy, development, sanctuary management, and conservation science; records related to the offices of Mass Audubon: Boston and Mass Audubon: North Shore; and various interdepartmental records. A small amount of records related to the National Audubon Society are also found here.

A. Board of directors records, 1896-1999

Records in this subseries include incorporation records and by-laws; meeting minutes and records; and planning records consisting of master plans, lists of goals, and strategic planning documents.

i. Incorporation records and by-laws, 1914-1987

Arranged chronologically.

Included are minutes of the first incorporators' meeting in 1914, Massachusetts incorporation papers, and by-laws as amended in 1940 and 1987. Additional versions of by-laws can be found in the board meeting minutes (see index to meeting minutes).

Carton 1SH 17HW GFolders 1-1A

ii. Meeting minutes and records, 1896-1970

Arranged chronologically.

Meeting minutes dating from 1896 to 1906 are recorded in a single volume and include a record of the first informal meeting of the Massachusetts Audubon Society on 10 Feb. 1896, handwritten meeting minutes, and typed copies of the 1904 by-laws. Typed, unbound minutes begin in 1913 (although the 1914 minutes can be found with the incorporation records in carton 1) and include monthly board of directors' meetings, annual meetings, special meetings, board correspondence, and related topical correspondence. Also included are papers related to legislative advocacy, treasurer's and auditor's reports, correspondence and reports related to individual sanctuaries, committee reports, memos to the board from Executive Vice-President Allen Morgan, outlines of society goals and objectives, and development plans. Board meeting minutes for years 1940-1970 are indexed.

Carton 1SH 17HW GFolders 2-45
1896-1938
Carton 2SH 17HX H
1939-1961
Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 1-26
1962-1970
Carton 3SH 17HY IFolder 27
Index to board meeting minutes, 1940-1970

iii. Planning records, 1973-1999

Arranged chronologically.

Planning records contain lists of goals, master plans, and strategic plans, for the organization as a whole and for individual departments and sanctuaries. They include planning for educational, environmental, structural, and financial goals set by the board and occasionally by board/staff committees.

Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 28-30
Goal setting, 1973-1978
Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 31-34
Master plans, 1983-1989
Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 35-39
Strategic planning, 1991-1999

iv. Board of Directors manual, 1985

The manual contains Mass Audubon records including its charter and bylaws, a brief history, annual report, organizational chart, staff list, bios of the president and trustees, board committee charters and assignments, board and committee meeting minutes, and master plan. It provides a broad overview of the organization as it existed in 1985.

Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 1-5

B. Board Committee records, 1945-2005

This subseries contains the records of various committees of the board of directors. While this collection holds only a few documents of the records of some committees, those more fully represented include the Conservation (Land Stewardship) Committee and the Sanctuary Committee.

i. Budget-Finance Committee records, 1955-1957

Arranged chronologically.

Records contain only lists of investments for the Hatheway and General Funds and a March 1956 meeting agenda.

Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 40-41

ii. Conservation (Land Stewardship) Committee records, 1966-2005

Arranged chronologically.

Previously known as the Land Committee and the Land Stewardship Committee, the Conservation Committee reviews and makes recommendations about conservation programs and policies within the sanctuaries. Records include statements of purpose, memos, correspondence, policy summaries, and meeting minutes. Later records include detailed documentation related to individual properties and acquisition recommendations. Records after 1991 are closed to protect the privacy of donors.

Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 42-44
1966-1980
Box 1SH 17I2 U
1981-1990

1991-2000 CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2030

2001-2005 CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2035

iii. Education Committee records, 1945-1973

Arranged chronologically.

The Education Committee defines the educational goals of the society, preparing long-range plans, and advising educational activities. Documents include a mission statement, correspondence, reports, agendas, memos, and recommendations. The bulk of the records date from 1955 to 1960.

Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 45-47

iv. Long-Range Planning Committee records, 1971-1975

Arranged chronologically.

Records of the Long Range Planning Committee include research related to educational and environmental projects, membership, land acquisition, and other strategic planning issues.

See also: Series I.A.iii. - Planning records.

Carton 3SH 17HY IFolders 48-50

v. Program Committee records, 1987-1992

Arranged chronologically.

This committee monitors and helps to prioritize Mass Audubon's environmental interests and actions through research, advocacy, education, and conservation. Records include correspondence, meeting agendas, meeting notes, reports, annual reviews, and subcommittee records related to the Wildwood Nature Camp.

Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 6-11

vi. Sanctuary Committee records, 1958-1990

Arranged chronologically.

The Sanctuary Committee is an advisory committee that drafts objectives, plans, and policies for the sanctuaries. Included here are meeting minutes, correspondence and memos, policy statements and reports, and records of a subcommittee related to the Wildwood Nature Camp.

For information about individual sanctuaries, see Series II, Sanctuary records.

Carton 4SH 17KX KFolders 3-26

vii. Special Committee records, 1977

Arranged chronologically.

The Special Committee was charged with studying the organization and recommending changes and improvements to help with efficiency. Included here are transcripts of interviews with board members and senior staff, as well as the committee's report.

Carton 4SH 17KX KFolders 27-28

viii. Miscellaneous committee records, 1978-1996

Arranged chronologically.

Included here are records related to various short term or ad hoc committees.

Carton 4SH 17KX KFolder 29

C. Annual and monthly reports, 1897-2021

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains annual and monthly organizational reports in a variety of formats. While some reports were printed and sent to Mass Audubon members, others were compiled for the use of the executive secretary, the board, and major donors. The first report of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, dated October 1897, contains lists of officers, local secretaries, secretary and treasurer's reports, by-laws, and lists of founders, associates, and members. The second report includes the years 1897 to 1902, and the third, 1902 to 1910. The 1914 report contains a list of activities from 1911-1914, a description the organization's advocacy activities, financial statements, and lists of members and the board of directors. There are no reports from 1914 until 1958. Reports from 1958-1967 include Executive Secretary Allen Morgan's annual report to the board and membership (not formal annual reports) and list the activities of all departments. Reports from 1968-1971 include statements from departments and special projects as reported to Morgan, along with additional supporting material such as brochures, copies of newspaper clippings, and lists of visits. Annual reports from 1973-2021 are printed brochures.

Monthly activity reports begin in 1984 and vary in format. They contain summaries of activities at each sanctuary, as well as some departments. There are no reports for 2006-2008 in this subseries.

For annual reports of individual sanctuaries, see Series II, Sanctuary records.

Carton 4SH 17KX KFolder 29A-29D
1897-1914
Carton 4SH 17KX KFolders 30-61
1958-1992
Carton 5SH 17KY LFolders 1-28
1993-2009
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 12-15
2010-2021

D. Financial records, 1914-2005

Records include audited financial statements, general ledgers, journals, trial balances, and miscellaneous budgets and accounts.

i. Audited financial statements, 1914-2005

Arranged chronologically.

Included in this subseries are financial statements from 1914, 1940, and 1944-2005. The 1914 statement is simply a letter from an accountant to the audit committee verifying his examination of the records. Later years include balance sheets, statements of income and expenses, changes in funds, lists of investment securities, and schedules of endowment funds and investments.

Carton 6SH 17FJ 1Folders 1-36

ii. General ledgers, 1916-1946

Arranged chronologically.

General ledgers include sections that record annual dues, accounts payable and receivable, funds and legacies, advertising revenue from charts and calendars, birdhouses and birdfood, donations, and sanctuary expenses. An index is included in the front of each volume. Loose papers (foldered separately) include lists of securities.

Carton 7SH 17FK 2Vol. 1
General ledger, 1916-1923
Carton 7SH 17FK 2Vol. 2
General ledger, 1924-1936
Carton 7SH 17FK 2Vol. 3
General ledger, 1937-1939
Carton 7SH 17FK 2Vol. 4
General ledger, January 1940-October 1943
Carton 7SH 17FK 2Vol. 5
General ledger, 1943-1946
Carton 7SH 17FK 2Folders 1-4
Loose papers removed from vols. 1-5, 1916-1946

iii. Journals, 1940-1970

Arranged chronologically.

Journals include a chronological listing of all expenses and income. Loose papers (foldered separately) include notes, standard journal entries, and adjusted entries.

Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 6
Journal, November 1940-October 1950
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 7
Journal, July 1956-June 1959
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 8
Journal, July 1959-June 1961
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 9
Journal, July 1961-June 1963
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 10
Journal, July 1963-June 1965
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 11
Journal, July 1965-June 1967
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 12
Journal, July 1967-June 1969
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Vol. 13
Journal, July 1969-June 1970
Carton 8SH 17FI 0Folders 1-5
Loose papers removed from vols. 6-13, 1940-1970

iv. Trial balances, 1948-1968

Arranged chronologically.

Trial balances include month-to-month balances of receipts and expenditures itemized by type of expense or transaction. Loose papers include standard journal entries and costs of sales.

Carton 9SH 17HZ JVol. 14
Trial balance, 1948-1951
Carton 9SH 17HZ JVol. 15
Trial balance, 1955-1958
Carton 9SH 17HZ JVol. 16
Trial balance, July-October 1960
Carton 9SH 17HZ JFolders 1-2
Loose papers removed from Vols. 15-16, 1955-1960
Carton 9SH 17HZ JVol. 17
Trial balance, November 1960-June 1961
Carton 9SH 17HZ JVol. 18
Trial balance, July 1961-June 1962
Carton 9SH 17HZ JVol. 19
Trial balance, July 1962-June 1963
Carton 10SH 17I1 TVol. 20
Trial balance, July 1963-June 1964
Carton 10SH 17I1 TVol. 21
Trial balance, July 1964-June 1965
Carton 10SH 17I1 TVol. 22
Trial balance, July 1965-June 1966
Carton 10SH 17I1 TVol. 23
Trial balance, July 1966-June 1967
Carton 10SH 17I1 TVol. 24
Trial balance, July 1967-June 1968
Carton 10SH 17I1 TFolders 1-3
Loose papers removed from vols. 20-23, 1963-1967

v. Miscellaneous budgets and accounts, 1954-1959

Arranged chronologically.

These records describe the expenditures of individual departments and sanctuaries from 1954-1959. They include rough drafts and loose ledger sheets, and many compare quarterly or fiscal year expenditures and income.

Carton 5SH 17KY LFolders 29-33

E. Executive Office records, 1883-1980 (bulk: 1943-1965)

The bulk of this subseries consists of the correspondence and subject files of the secretary-treasurer (later known as the executive secretary, executive vice-president, and president). They include the records of Winthrop Packard who served from 1913 to 1936; Carl W. Buchheister, 1936 to 1939; C. Russell Mason, 1939 to 1957; and Allen H. Morgan, 1957 to 1980. In the early years, the board of directors held most of the executive power, but under Mason and Morgan this office managed more of the day-to-day functions of the organization. The arrangement of the general correspondence and subject files has been kept in the order used by the executive office.

Other records in this subseries include Russell Mason's lecture journals, Allen Morgan's administrative files, Morgan's research material for an unpublished history of Mass Audubon, and the subject files of the public relations department, which at one time was part of the executive office.

i. General correspondence, 1911-1965

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent's name within each year.

Records include members' correspondence; committee correspondence; requests for information; reports of bird sightings; and letters related to lectures, publications, activities, public relations, and the management of physical buildings. Much of the correspondence under Mason and Morgan related to birding, as both were active birders. The subseries also contains related printed material such as newsletters, advertisements, newspaper clippings, and brochures, as well as several articles and essays submitted for publication in the Bulletin.

Correspondence was not consistently saved or preserved, and there are many gaps within this subseries. Correspondence is substantial in 1933, but scant from 1934-1948. The year 1948 consists only letters of correspondents whose name begins with B. There is no correspondence from 1949; 1953 to 1956; or from 1961. After 1962, correspondence includes the original letters sent to Morgan and copies of letters Morgan sent in reply.

Before 1962, additional correspondence was filed in the department's subject files.

Carton 11SH 17RA 4
1911-1952 (I)
Carton 12SH 17QY R
1952 (J)- 1957 (N)
Carton 13SH 17R9 3
1957 (O) - 1959 (L)
Carton 14SH 17HC $
1959 (M) - 1963 (F)
Carton 15SH 17R3 /
1963 (G) - 1964 (R)
Carton 16SH 17R7 1
1964 (S) - 1965 (Z)

ii. Subject files, 1883-1980 (bulk: 1950-1965)

Arranged alphabetically by name or subject.

Files consist of correspondence, clippings, printed materials, and reports on a large variety of topics collected by the executive office under Mason and Morgan. Topics include conferences, individual sanctuaries, legislative actions, types of birds, committees, and related organizations. Some files consist strictly of correspondence, including that of many board members, sanctuary directors, and other prominent people within the organization. Correspondence with Board President Robert Walcott from 1936-1954 provides insight into the history of Mass Audubon. Beginning in 1962, all correspondence is filed together in General Correspondence.

A full list of folder titles can be found in Appendix I at end of the collection guide.

Carton 17SH 17QZ S
Advertising - Bird Food
Carton 18SH 17R8 2
Bird Garden - Contribution Acknowledgments
Carton 19SH 17HD /
Cooks Canyon Wildlife Sanctuary - Foye, Elmer P.
Carton 20SH 17R2 $
Frattasio, Vincent P. - Huckins, Stuart
Carton 21SH 17QW P
Insurance - May, John B.
Carton 22SH 17R4 +
Membership - Open Spaces, Citizens Committee for
Carton 23SH 17R5 %
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge - Sanctuary Posters
Carton 24SH 17QV O
Salt Marshes - Watson, Ina
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 1-29
Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary - Workshop, Natural Science

iii. Winthrop Packard papers, 1918-1940

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Packard's correspondence includes general membership letters; thank you notes for donations of service, money, or property; lobbying efforts for various conservation campaigns; and other society administrative and financial matters. Notable topics include the Barney's Joy property in Dartmouth, Massachusetts (1924), protection of the Heath Hen (1925), the ongoing disagreement between Packard and Robert Walcott about Packard's right to sell birding merchandise, and Packard's forced retirement as Mass Audubon secretary/treasurer in 1936.

Subject files include correspondence, notes, and printed material related to Packard's work with Mass Audubon, most notably the establishment of Moose Hill Sanctuary, agreements with the Federation of Bird Clubs over the management of Plum Island Sanctuary, and various national environmental and conservation campaigns.

SH 17QL ECarton 101
Correspondence, 1918-1939

Subject files, 1919-1940

Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 8-9
Field property (Moose Hill), 1919-1928
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 10-12
Birds of Killingsworth motion picture, 1921
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 13-14
Conservation Council of Massachusetts, 1923-1927
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 15-17
Outdoor recreation material, 1924-1926
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 18-23
Federation of Bird Clubs of New England, 1924-1936
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 24-25
Associated Committees for Wildlife Conservation, 1926-1931
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 26-27
Everglades National Park, 1930-1931
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 28
Millinery, 1933
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 29
1934 budget, 1933-1934
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 30-31
"The Desperate Ducks," 1933-1934
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 32
1934 annual reports, 1934
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 33
Waterfowl, 1934
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 34
"Massacre of the Marblehead Herons," 1935
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 35
Hopedale lecture, 1935
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 36
Safford (Plum Island), 1935-1936
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 37
Duck Hawk Protection, 1936
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 38-42
"Oil pollution matter," 1936
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 43
Mt. Greylock Beacon Light, 1936
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 44
Farewell letter, 1938
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 45
Correspondence with Russell Mason, 1940
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolder 46
Miscellaneous papers, n.d.
Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 47-49
Printed material, 1936-1939

iv. C. Russell Mason lecture journals, 1943-1949

Arranged chronologically.

Mason's journals consist of typewritten notes describing meetings, programs, and other events at which he spoke, as well as other activities and plans he made on behalf of Mass Audubon. Numerous newspaper clippings are pasted onto the pages. Notes include location, other speakers, prominent attendees, and attendance numbers for each event.

Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 30-41

v. Allen H. Morgan papers, 1936-1980

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 42-59
History of Massachusetts Audubon Society material, 1936-1980

These files contain background material for Morgan's history of Mass Audubon, including documents sent to him in 1980 by Carl Buchheister related to his tenure as secretary/treasurer of Mass Audubon in 1936-1939. Other material, dating from 1952 to 1979, includes photocopies of articles written by Morgan, memos to staff and board of directors, copies of correspondence, meeting minutes, financial statements, and other administrative records. Much of the material is related to open spaces, pesticide use, sanctuaries, education, and membership. Morgan's files also include research notes and a preliminary outline of his history. Written in the style of a personal memoir, the book was never published.

For drafts of Morgan's book, see the Allen H. Morgan papers, 1923-1990 (Ms. N-2224).

Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 60-62
Administrative files, 1960-1975

These files, the bulk of which date from 1962, include memos to staff and the board of directors, as well as position papers largely related to pesticide use. Filed separately by Morgan from his History of Mass Audubon papers, it is unclear if they were collected as background material for the book or were part of a larger administrative file.

vi. Public relations subject files, 1938-1959

Arranged alphabetically.

These files are the records of Mary Lela Grimes, Director of Public Relations, who worked for Russell Mason in the Executive Office. They contain correspondence, memos, and notes related to advertising in newspapers, publications, radio, and television. Public relations committee records include activity reports and statistics that illustrate Mass Audubon's public relations efforts in the 1950s. Bird Walk files relate to the coordination and advertising of the walks.

For further information about Bird Walks, see Series IV.A.- Ornithological Records-Mass Audubon records-Birdwalk Checklists.

Box 9SH 17I9 .Folders 1-11
Advertising, 1950-1955
Box 9SH 17I9 .Folder 12
Bird petition, 1952
Box 9SH 17I9 .Folders 13-17
Bird walks, 1950-1954
Box 9SH 17I9 .Folders 18-21
Correspondence, 1951-1952
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 1-4
Correspondence, 1953-1958
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolder 5
Massachusetts Grange, 1952-1953
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 6-7
Newspaper lists, 1951-1958
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 8-10
News releases, 1938-1959
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolder 11
Pending news, 1951-1952
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 12-19
Promotional ideas, 1951-1954
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 20-22
Public relations committee records, 1951-1954
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolder 23
Radio stations, ca. 1952
Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 24-28
Radio, television, and newspaper correspondence, 1951-1954

F. Education Department records, 1936-2008

Records of the Education Department include administrative records; subject files; records related to long-term and regional programs; audio-visual and media records; records of conferences, workshops, and field schools; and educational publications. Records from the 1940s and 1950s are primarily those of Director of Education Charles Roth, while those from the 1980s and 1990s were created or collected by Director of Education Cleti Cervoni. A small series of subject files were collected by educator Robert Grayce from 1944 to 1958.

For information about the Hatheway School of Conservation Education before it merged with the Education Department in 1964, see Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary records.

i. Administrative records, 1936-2000

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Records in this subseries consist of meeting minutes and agendas; and correspondence, memos, and reports related to the day-to-day running of the department. They include interactions with sanctuaries, regional offices, and the Mass Audubon Sanctuary Department. Monthly and annual reports to the board and to Mass Audubon president Jerry Bertrand include a detailed report for FY 1974 and abbreviated reports for 1991-1999, with gaps.

Only one record in this subseries dates from 1936. The remainder begin at 1955.

Carton 26SH 17L3 YFolders 29-47
Correspondence and general records, 1936-1974
Carton 27SH 17QU NFolders 1-11
Correspondence and general records, 1984-1999
Carton 27SH 17QU NFolders 12-16
Policies and goals, 1969-1999
Carton 27SH 17QU NFolders 16A-19
Monthly and annual reports, 1974-1999
Carton 27SH 17QU NFolders 20-29
Education coordinators' manual, 1995
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolder 16
Grants and proposals, 1981
Carton 27SH 17QU NFolders 30-55
Grants and proposals, 1984-1991
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 1-18
Grants and proposals, 1992-2000

ii. Robert Grayce subject files, 1938-1958

Arranged alphabetically.

Robert Grayce worked under executive secretary Russell Mason from about 1944 to 1958, teaching courses, working with school groups at sanctuaries, giving public lectures to adults and children, coordinating nature films, and creating slide presentations. He also served as an assistant editor and advertising manager for the Bulletin. His subject files reflect his varied duties.

Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 1-2
Advertising, 1954-1958
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 3
Lecture outlines and notes, 1948-1958
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 4
Library lists, undated
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 5
Nature films, 1938-1957
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 6
Personal correspondence, 1957-1958
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 7
School programs, 1954-1956
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 8
Taxidermy and mounted birds, 1950-1958
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 9-11
Traveling lectures, ca. 1950

iii. Subject files, 1960-2001

Arranged alphabetically.

These files were primarily kept by Director of Education Cleti Cervoni.

Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 19-21
Audubon Alliance, 1981-1999
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 22
Biological literacy questionnaire, 1991
Carton 114SH 1A1D Folders 17-18
Curriculum guides, 1971
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 23
Field dress, 1996-1998
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 24-25
Information services, 1987-1991
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 26
Mass Audubon Coastal Network, 1984-1992
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 27-29
Mass Audubon: North Shore educational programs, 1988-1996
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 30
Native Americans, ca. 1986
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 31
Nature for primary grades, undated
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 32-35
Pond studies, 1960-1987
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 36-38
Priorities Resource Guide, ca. 1985
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 39
Sanctuary education programs, 1990-1992
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 40
School programs, 1985-1988
OS Box 3Folder 5
School programs history, 1954-1968
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 41
School workshops, 1990-1991
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 42
Secretary's Award for Environmental Education, 1997
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 43-45
Speakers' Bureau, 1986-2001
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 46
Staff naturalist outings, 1997-1998
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 47
Youth club proposal, 1987

iv. Long-term and regional programs, 1972-2001

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

This subseries includes administrative records, correspondence, memos, and printed material related to various long-term, school, or regional environmental education projects run by the Education Department.

Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 48-52
Environmental education, 1972-1974
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folder 53
Wetlands project, 1975
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 54-55
Nantucket school programs, 1977-1988
Carton 38SH 17HP 9Folders 56-59
Watershed school programs, 1987-1993
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolders 1-2
Critical Thinking project (Pest Management), 1988-1989
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolders 3-5
Urban Education project (Denver Audubon Society), 1988-1992
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 6
Attleboro Environmental Program, 1991-1996
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolders 7-9
Food Program at Drumlin Farm, 1991-1994
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 19-21
Focus: Outdoors, 1995-1996
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 10
Coverboard Project, 2000
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolders 11-12
Rough Meadows Education program, 2000-2001

v. Audio-visual and media records, 1947-1994

Arranged chronologically.

Records relate to slide shows, video, and film productions produced as part of various environmental education programs. Correspondence and receipts include inquiries and orders for slide shows and films that were rented to schools and community groups by Mass Audubon.

See also Series I.F.ii. - Robert Grayce subject files - Nature films and Series VII. - Photographs and audio-visual materials.

Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolders 13-25
Correspondence and receipts, 1947-1955
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolder 22
"A Guide to Discovery" television program, 1955-1957
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 26
Natural science television project, 1959
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 27
Slide show scripts, 1982- ca. 1985
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 28
Video production project (PSA), 1982-1983
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 29
"A Shared Vision" slide/tape program, 1986-1987
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 30
Striped bass film production, 1986-1989
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 31
"People, Pests, and Policy" slide show, ca. 1987
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 32
"An Uncertain Future: Endangered Species" slide show, 1993
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 33
"Life on the Edge," Boston Globe supplement, 1993-1994

vi. Conferences, workshops, and field schools, 1949-1999

Arranged chronologically.

Records pertain to conferences, workshops, and field schools either hosted by Mass Audubon or in which they were involved, as well as training workshops and schools for educators within Mass Audubon.

Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 34
Natural science workshop, 1949-1950
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 35
Mass Audubon-Boston University summer conference, 1957
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolder 23
Conservation Caravan, 1964
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 36
Rainy Day teachers workshops, 1979-1983
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 37
Marketing Environmental Education workshop, 1984
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 38
Eco-Wide workshop, 1984-1986
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 39
Workshop and field study guides, 1984-1989
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 40
Plum Island teachers workshop, 1985-1989
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 41
Introduction to Nature Study workshop, 1987
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 42
Field schools, 1987-1988
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 43
Museum Institute for Teaching Science (MITS) workshop, 1987-1994
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 44
Fussing with Feathers workshop, 1987-1989
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolder 45
Developing a Successful School Program workshop, 1990-1992
Carton 39SH 17HQ AFolders 46-56
Annual School Programs Conference, 1991-1999
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 24-27
"Naturewatch," 1997-1999

vii. Education publications, 1940-2008

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

This subseries includes material produced by Mass Audubon for use in sanctuaries, schools, and in other educational programming. The "Education Programs and Materials" manual contains sections for adult programs, junior programs and publications, public school programs, and curriculum materials in two versions: 1971 and 1974. Education brochures and programs were largely 1950s and 1960s office file copies that include class and workshop schedules and brochures, article reprints, study guides, teaching aids, and mailers, many from the Hatheway School. The subseries also contains records of the Educational Resources Office, a unit of the Education Department set up to centralize the marketing and distribution of Mass Audubon publications. Also included here are several issues of a departmental newsletter and newsletters of the Audubon Teacher Center.

See also Series VI. - Printed material.

Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 28-39
Education brochures and programs, 1940-2008
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 12-25
Educational programs and materials manuals, 1971-1974

Educational Resource Office, 1972-2005

Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 26-30
Records, 1972-2000
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 31
"Nature of Massachusetts," 1994-1999
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 32-33
Publications catalogs, 1987-2005
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 34-35
Wildlife Survival packet, ca. 1976
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolders 40-41
"Contact," Audubon Teacher Center newsletter, 1976-1981
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 36
Educational materials, 1981
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 37-40
"Wildlife in Massachusetts" educational coloring pages, 1987
Carton 114SH 1A1DFolder 42
"Schoolground Science Activities," 1988
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 41
Education department newsletters, 1993-1997

G. Legislative Affairs/Advocacy department records, 1968-2002

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Staff testimony includes the statements of Allen H. Morgan before the Massachusetts General Court, a U.S. Senate subcommittee, and various legislative committees, as well as the testimony of Robie Hubley, Richard Marley, Alvah W. Sanborn, William H. Drury, James C. Colman, James Baird, and James J. MacKenzie, all representing Mass Audubon. Topics include wetlands, pesticides, open spaces, air pollution, hunting, oil and gas development, recycling, and power plant placement. Administrative records contain staff memos, meeting minutes, and position papers. The series also includes several fact sheets on legislative issues, a 1990 letter concerning the aerial spraying of malathion in Massachusetts, and a planning document for the Mass Audubon Center for Conservation Action, compiled in 1993. It also contains newsletters, brochures, and other printed material.

Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 42-45
Staff testimony, 1968-1988
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 46-47
Administrative records, 1983-1990
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolders 48-49
Printed material, 1984-1993
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 50
Fact sheets, ca. 1988
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 51
Aerial spraying of malathion, 1990
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 52
Conservation Advocacy/Worcester Co. newsletters, 1989-1996
Carton 94SH 17FU CFolder 53
Planning documents and legislative priorities, 1990-2002

H. Membership/Development department records, 1897-2020

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Included in this subseries are several early membership certificates, a bound volume listing life members, a membership scrapbook containing appeals, brochures, and mailings from 1907 to 1975, and records related to non-monetary gifts and donations to Mass Audubon. Also included is correspondence, fundraising packets, and other records related to the "Shares Campaign" initiated by Allen Morgan from 1959 to 1961, which sold $5 shares in support of local sanctuaries.

A 1960 grant application to the Charity Fund illustrates the organizational and financial structure of Mass Audubon in 1959-1960. A 1971 grant proposal appendix (the original grant application doesn't survive) includes detailed and comprehensive material on Mass Audubon finances, fundraising, membership, staff, publications, sanctuaries, education, publicity, research, volunteers, affiliations, animal care, and legislative activity.

Annual meeting records include mailing lists, briefing materials, and correspondence related to preparation for annual meetings in 1987 and 1988. 90th anniversary celebration records contain schedules, correspondence with vendors, pricing, and memos in preparation for the 1986 event. Also included are membership appeals, marketing research reports, member segment profiles, and a 1997 marketing and development presentation. Issues of the "MAS Babbler," the department newsletter (1986-1993), give a detailed view of the department and its activities.

i. Membership records, 1897-1990

Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 1
Certificates, 1897-1923
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 2
Life membership records, ca. 1900-1957
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 3-11
Scrapbook, 1907-1971
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 12-13
Membership appeals, ca. 1975- ca. 1900

ii. Donor records, 1956-1995

Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 14
Gift records, 1956-1995
Box 4SH 17IB $Folders 1-5
Leadership Friends records, 1970-1988
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 15
House to Habitat program, 1990

iii. Campaign records, 1959-1997

Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 16-31
"Shares" campaign records, 1959-1961
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 32-33
Centennial campaign records, 1994-1997

iv. Grant records, 1960-1988

Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 34-35
Grant application, 1960
Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 1-18
Proposal appendices, 1971
Carton 28SH 17R1Folder 19
Wildlife Futures grant records, 1988
Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 20-23
v. Annual meeting materials, 1984-1988
Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 24-31
vi. 90th Anniversary celebration records, 1985-1987
Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 32-37
vii. Marketing research reports, 1984-1997
Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 38-40
viii. Miscellaneous administrative records, 1954-2007
Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 41-43
ix. Printed material, 1986-2020

I. Sanctuary Department records, 1956-2010

The Departments of Sanctuary Operations and of Sanctuary Planning oversee Mass Audubon field offices, nature centers, staffed and unstaffed wildlife sanctuaries, and protected open space. Records include the department's working files or "chronos," wildlife inventories and permits, Bird Seed Day records, policies and procedures files, and other miscellaneous records.

See also Series II - Sanctuary records, for records related to individual sanctuaries, as well as Series I.C. - Annual and monthly reports, for summaries of sanctuary activities.

i. Working "Chronos" files, 1956-2010

Arranged chronologically.

Records primarily consist of correspondence with attachments that include policy guidelines, reports, advisory committee conference records, policy guidelines, and inter-departmental and staff memos. Early records were generated by Executive Vice-President Allen Morgan from 1957 to 1980, followed by David Blanchard (Sanctuary Operations) and Bill Giezentanner (Sanctuary Planning) beginning in the late 1970s. After about 1990, under department head Gary Clayton, the working files or "chronos" included reports, site analyses, recommendations to the sanctuary committee, correspondence with sanctuary staff and directors, policy statements, planning documents, meeting minutes and agendas, time logs, budgets and financial documents, quarterly reports, and memos from other departments that pertain to sanctuaries. Records after 1991 remain closed to respect donor privacy.

Carton 28SH 17R1Folders 44-61
1956-1980
Box 4SH 17IB $Folders 6-16
1981-1990
Carton 29SH 17KZ MFolders 4-52
1991-June 1992

July 1992-Dec. 1994 CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2030

Jan. 1995-Aug. 1997 CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2030

Sept. 1997-Dec. 2000 CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2030

2001-2010 CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2035

ii. Wildlife inventories and permits, 1972-1985

Federal and state wildlife permit records consist of eagle and raptor salvage permits, exhibitors' licenses, wildlife transfer and import permits, syringe permits, and rehabilitation permits. Included are wildlife inventories for state and federal reports, forms, and correspondence.

Carton 33SH 17KV IFolders 1-9

iii. Bird Seed Day records, 1978-2008

Records include statistics and spreadsheets about the number of pounds of bird seed bought and sold per sanctuary, annual comparisons, memos, correspondence, orders, budgets, and printed flyers.

Carton 33SH 17KV IFolders 10-13

iv. Policies and procedures, 1972-1993

Records include the 1979 Guide to Sanctuary Planning, a manual for resource management and environmental education programs for all Mass Audubon sanctuaries. The 1986 Sanctuary Department Enforcement Manual outlines policies and regulations to be enforced at each sanctuary, including standard operating procedures; information on hunting, trespass, and property destruction; public relations; education; security; liability; safety; and training. Also included is a 1988 Design Standards manual for sanctuary structures, Sanctuary Advisory Committee policy statements, and miscellaneous procedural memos and reports.

Box 11SH 17ID +Folders 1-7
Sanctuary Advisory Committee policies, 1972-1992
Carton 33SH 17KV IFolders 13A-18
Guide to Sanctuary Planning, 1979
Box 11SH 17ID +Folders 8-9
Procedural memos and reports, 1983-1993
Box 11SH 17ID +Folders 10-13
Sanctuary Department Enforcement manual, 1986
Box 11SH 17ID +Folders 14-16
Design Standards manual, 1988

v. Subject files, 1972-2003

Arranged alphabetically.

Box 11SH 17ID +Folder 17
Admission fees, 1973-1982
Box 11SH 17ID +Folder 18
Animal policies, 1987-1988
Box 11SH 17ID +Folders 19-22
Boundary Line Project, 1977-1979
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 36-38
Education, 1980-1986
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 39
Facilities rentals, 1988-1989
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 40-41
Information technology, 1986-2000
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 42-43
Massachusetts Land League, 1980-1984
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 44
Meetings and agendas, 1991-2003
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 45-46
Regional operations, 1972-1980
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 47-53
Sanctuary fact sheets, 1990-1996
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolder 54
Staff biographical information, 1989-2002
Carton 115SH 1B4SFolders 55-57
Volunteer management, 1986-1997

J. Scientific Staff/Conservation Science Department records, 1948-2019

First organized by Dr. William Drury in 1956, the Scientific Staff later became the Science Department, the Environmental Science Department, and then the Conservation Science Department. Its records include numerous reports and project records, a series of subject files, and a small amount of miscellaneous administrative records.

i. Projects and reports, 1948-1999

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Records in this subseries include the Ecosystem Conservation Priority paper, a Mass Audubon policy paper by John Fitch which served as review of environmental policies and resources in Massachusetts in the 1980s. Records related to the Endangered Species Act, which Mass Audubon helped to reauthorize and amend, include reports, correspondence, memos, copies of the bill and amendments, copies of congressional testimony, mailings, and a National Audubon Society speakers kit.

The Short-eared Owl Ecology Study researched ecological requirements, population levels, breeding process, and food habits at Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge. Directed by John H. Fitch, its records include research notes, pellet data, and a final report.

The Tern Conservation Program began in 1960 when William H. Drury, director of research, observed that terns were being replaced in New England by gulls. Early studies were conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, but by 1966 Mass Audubon developed their own conservation program with Dr. Ian Nisbet conducting field research on the declining tern population. Later studies were conducted at one of two remaining tern colonies at Monomoy Wilderness colony. Records include reports, field research data, correspondence, memos, tern warden reports, project proposals, newspaper clippings, newsletters, and maps.

Carton 33SH 17KV IFolders 19-24
"City Lights: A Handbook of Energy Conservation and Renewable Energies for City Homes," 1980
Carton 33SH 17KV IFolders 25-26
Dredge-spoil islands, 1974-1981
Carton 33SH 17KV IFolders 27-49
Ecosystem Conservation Priority paper, 1981-1983

Endangered Species Act, 1973-1988

Box 10SH 17IAFolders 1-14
General records, 1973-1988
Box 10SH 17IAFolders 15-17
Alliance, 1981-1982
Box 10SH 17IAFolder 18
Bulletin, 1981-1982
Box 10SH 17IAFolders 19-20
Congressional testimony, 1981-1982
Box 10SH 17IAFolder 21
Mailings, 1982
Box 10SH 17IAFolder 22
National Audubon Society speakers list, 1982
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 1
Energy conservation, 1984-1986
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 2-4
Gull control, 1960-1973
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 5-7
Gull control - Muskeget Island, 1948-1981
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 8-9
Herp Atlas project, 1992-1995
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 9A
"Land Use in the Coastal Drainage Area in and Around Boston Harbor," 1988
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 10
"Monitoring Restored and Created Salt Marshes in the Gulf of Maine," 1999
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 11
"Need for Comprehensive Wildlife Programs in the United States," 1979-1980
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 12-13
Non-game legislation, 1981-1985
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 13A
"Non-native Vascular Plants of the Mass Audubon Sanctuary System," 2002
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 14
Quabbin, 1990-1992
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolder 14A
Pesticide Reform in Massachusetts, 1989
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 15-22
Short-eared owl ecology study, 1982-1986
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 22A-B
Solar-heated and cooled office building, 1973
Carton 34SH 17FS AFolders 23-52
Tern conservation program, 1964-1981
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 1-26
Tern conservation program, 1982-1987
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 27
Terns, roseate, 1980-1994
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 28-30
Wildlife management programs, 1973-1974

ii. Subject files, ca. 1950-1991

Arranged alphabetically.

Subject files were reference files used by the scientific staff containing printed pamphlets, reports, newspaper clippings, memos, and articles on various subjects including birds, mammals, endangered species, pesticides, and wildlife diseases. Some files contain only a few items.

See the complete list of subject files in Appendix II.

Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 31-67
"ACEC" to " Endangered Species"
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 1-45
"Furbearers" to "Wildlife diseases"

iii. Miscellaneous administrative records, 1973-2019

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Miscellaneous records include correspondence, memos, notes, annual reports (with gaps), criteria for research projects, objectives and priorities of the scientific staff, policy papers, and a report on the department's reorganization in 1987-1988. They are not comprehensive, nor are they necessarily representative of the department's complete administrative records.

Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 46-48
Objectives and priorities, 1973-1991
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 49-53
Annual reports, 1973-2019
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 54
Policy papers, 1977-1995
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 55-56
Correspondence, memos, and notes, 1981-1998
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 57
Criteria for research projects (sanctuaries), 1983
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 58
Aquatic ecology memos and objectives, 1983-1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 59
Environmental science publications list, ca. 1986
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 60
Reorganization of science department, 1987-1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 61-63
"The MAS [Mass Audubon] Center for Biological Conservation," 1993-1998

K. Natural History Services records, 1968-1987

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

The Natural History Services department was created in the 1960s under the direction of James Baird, with the goal of "encouraging the interest of people in the out-of-doors." Its programs included staff lectures, film rentals, bird walks, the Voice of Audubon telephone line, wild bird death investigations, bird censuses, natural history tours, pamphlets and publications, and the breeding bird atlas. In 1972, the department added an Environmental Affairs section. The department's services were later largely incorporated into the Conservation Science and Education departments.

Records in this series, primarily those of James Baird, include annual reports, memos, planning documents, budgets and records of expenses, lists of slide talks, cardinal-tufted titmouse census results, reports on tern management, public service information bulletins, 1972 to 1974 call logs for the Voice of Audubon, and animal care policies.

Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 1-13
Administrative records, 1968-1981
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 14-17
Animal care policies, 1977-1987

L. Mass Audubon: North Shore records, 1978-2005

Resources for Cape Ann began in 1979 as a five-year project of Mass Audubon, funded by Philip S. and Anne Weld and headed by Dan Greenbaum. According to promotional material, it was "designed to help Cape Ann conserve its resources and plan for an environmentally sound future." Based in Gloucester, it was the first Mass Audubon office outside its Lincoln headquarters. Resources for Cape Ann became Resources for the North Shore in 1986 and Mass Audubon: North Shore in 1988. In 1990, the organization moved to Endicott Center in Wenham, opening the North Shore Conservation Advocacy Office. The office combined "research, technical assistance, and advocacy to protect water quality, wildlife communities and their habitat throughout the North Shore." Records in this subseries include administrative records, activities records, reports, and printed material for both Resources for Cape Ann and Mass Audubon: North Shore.

i. Resources for Cape Ann records, 1978-1983

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Included are early organizational records that contain correspondence between Philip Weld and Mass Audubon board members related to the initial funding of the organization; project proposals; internal board and committee correspondence; Cape Ann steering committee meeting minutes, notes, and memos; newspaper clippings; timetables, reports, financial records, and correspondence related to the hiring and early work of Dan Greenbaum.

Activities files include external correspondence, research, reports, comments, and press releases related to community projects and activities. Also included is an index to Resources for Cape Ann activities, files on the "House Warming" project that renovated an older home in Gloucester using energy efficient technologies, and a 1979 environmental study report on Ten Pound Island in Gloucester.

Carton 40SH 17HR BFolders 1-8
Administrative records, 1978-1983
Carton 40SH 17HR BFolders 9-24
Activities records, 1979-1983
Carton 40SH 17HR BFolder 24A
Ten Pound Island report, 1979

ii. Mass Audubon: North Shore records, 1983-2005

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Correspondence and administrative files include outgoing correspondence, inter-company memos, meeting minutes and agendas, and accompanying material related to the North Shore office and its mission. Monthly reports date from 1988 to 1993, with gaps, and describe Mass Audubon: North Shore's activities, events, and progress on research. Environmental impact comments are those of Mass Audubon: North Shore in response to requests for comments on statements and reports of the Massachusetts Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and other local, state, and national organizations. Also here are the records for the Gloucester and Boston Harbor monitoring programs, including correspondence, maps, database and data collection information, summary reports, and final reports. Final reports for Beverly, Marblehead, Salem, and Manchester harbors are also found here.

Carton 40SH 17HR BFolders 25-59
Correspondence and administrative files, 1983-1992
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 1-6
Correspondence and administrative files, 1993-1994
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 7-8
Correspondence index, 1984-1994
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folder 9
Harborwatch annual report (Gloucester Harbor monitoring program), 1983-1984
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 10-15A
Boston Harbor monitoring program, 1986-1990
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 16-20
Monthly reports, 1988-1993
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 21-43
Environmental impact comments, 1988-2005
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folder 44
Environmental impact comment index, 1989-2001
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folder 44A
Gloucester Harbor monitoring report (1982 to 1989), 1990
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folder 44B
Beverly, Marblehead, and Salem Harbor Monitoring report (1987-1989), 1990
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folder 44C
Manchester Harbor Monitoring report (1988-1989), 1990

iii. Printed material, 1979-2004

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries contains office newsletters dating from 1979 to 1998, with gaps. News clippings pertain to the North Shore office, Mass Audubon, or a conservation issue on the North Shore. A scrapbook illustrates the first ten years of the North Shore office with photos, text, maps, and other print material.

Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folder 45
Resources for Cape Ann newsletters, 1979-1982
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 46-49
Shorelines (Mass Audubon: North Shore newsletter), 1982-1998
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 50-59
Newspaper clippings, 1979-2004
Carton 41SH 17HN 7Folders 60-61
Mass Audubon: North Shore scrapbook, 1979-1988

M. Mass Audubon: Boston records, 1986-1995

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

This series contains the records of Mass Audubon's Boston office. It includes administrative records; program spreadsheets listing Boston public school programs by date, location, school, and grade level; newsletters; and brochures.

Carton 37SH 17FH %Folders 1-12
Administrative records, 1986-1995
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folder 13
Newsletters and brochures, 1987-1990
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folders 14-15
Program spreadsheets, 1990

N. Interdepartmental records, 1954-2001

This series contains records that relate to more than one department or office of Mass Audubon. They include general staff records; records of multi-departmental committees such as the Land Protection Review Committee, the Biological Conservation Coordinating Committee, the Program Policy Committee, and the Publications Review Committee; and records of various task forces and conferences.

i. Staff records, 1954-1999

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Staff directories contain copies of the organization's annual report, financial statements, list of directors, committees, by-laws, history of the organization, long-range plans, lists of sanctuaries, open spaces policy, easement and restrictions policy, personnel policy, and memos to department heads and sanctuary directors. Other staff records include staff lists, memos, newsletters, a 1979 departmental reference manual providing a basic introduction to the policies and procedure of Mass Audubon, reports related to the use of personal computers, and position descriptions. This subseries does not contain a comprehensive collection of staff records.

Carton 37SH 17FH %Folders 16-18
Staff directories, 1954-1991
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folders 31-32
Staff memos, 1973-1999
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folders 19-21
"Inside Out," staff newsletter, 1976-1978
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folders 22-30
Departmental Reference Manual, 1979
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folder 33
Staff personal computer reports, 1989-1993
Carton 37SH 17FH %Folder 34
Position descriptions, 1991-1992

ii. Land Holdings/Protection Review Committee records, 1982-1991

Arranged chronologically.

Preceded by the Land Committee, the Land Holdings Review Committee operated from 1983 to 1986 and was replaced by the Land Protection Review Committee in 1987. It met before Board Sanctuary Committee meetings to give a staff evaluation of land proposed for acquisition.

Box 4SH 17IB $Folders 17-22
1982-1984
Box 6SH 17I7 Z
1985-1991

iii. Biological Conservation Coordinating Committee records, 1983-1997

Arranged chronologically.

The Biological Conservation Coordinating Committee is an interdepartmental staff committee charged with planning, coordinating, and evaluating program activities that support Mass Audubon's biological diversity and water resources priorities and to develop and review policies and management proposals that relate to Mass Audubon properties. Records include correspondence, memos, meeting minutes, reports, and other administrative records.

Carton 37SH17FH %Folders 35-62

iv. Program Policy Committee records, 1978-1999

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

The Program Policy Committee acts as an intermediary between the staff and board for issues related to Mass Audubon's programming, including long-range planning, policy proposals, and operating decisions. The 12 members are appointed through nomination, society-wide, and meet once a month. Many of the records in this subseries are those of Cleti Cervoni. They include meeting agendas and minutes, policy statements, reports, and memos. Also here are Program Guidance documents, records related to the 1992 all-staff retreat for the centennial campaign, customer service surveys and analyses, and records of the Publications Task Force, which is charged with reviewing and evaluating the present status of Mass Audubon publications.

Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 1-30
Administrative records, 1978-1998
Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 31-33
Program guidance records, 1983-1999
Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 34-37
Education Task Force records, 1985-1989
Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 38-42
Publications Task Force records, 1986-1996
Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 43-45
All-staff retreat (centennial planning), 1992
Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 46-47
Customer service surveys, 1994-1999

v. Publications Review Committee records, 1991-2000

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains administrative records of the Publications Review Committee, which reviews all publication ideas and assists staff in development of new publications.

Carton 42SH 17HS CFolders 48-55

vi. Miscellaneous committees, task forces, and conferences, 1980-2001

Arranged chronologically.

Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 18-22
Administrative staff committee records, 1980-1982
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 23
Energy Transition Priorities Committee, 1980-1989
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 24-26
Urban Task Force records, 1984-1994
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 27
Training and Staff Development Committee records, 1985-1986
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 28-31
Natural History Conference proceedings, 1986-1991
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 32
Sanctuary Committee Review Committee report, 1989
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 33
Management Skills Training Committee records, 1989-1994
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 34-36
Priorities for the 1990s Task Force records, 1989-1990
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 37-40
Volunteer Task Force records (including Volunteer Management Resource Manual), 1990-1995
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 41
Housing Policy Work Group records, 1993-1997
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 42-43
Newsletter Editors Committee records, 1993-2001
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolder 44
Water Resources Coordinating Committee records, 1993
Carton 116SH 1A1BFolders 45-47
Theme Implementation Committee records, 1999-2001

O. Records related to National Audubon Society, 1966-1979

Arranged chronologically.

Records within this subseries include correspondence between the National Audubon Society and Mass Audubon, National Audubon Society guidelines for state chapters, internal memos concerning Mass Audubon's affiliation with the National Audubon Society, membership statistics of both organizations, a 1975 formal agreement between National Audubon Society and Mass Audubon, National Audubon Society annual reports for 1976-1977 and 1979, a list of National Audubon Society chapters, and correspondence from National Audubon Society president Russell Peterson to the chapter presidents.

Carton 101SH 17QL EFolders 49-55

II. Sanctuary records, 1874-2010

Arranged alphabetically by sanctuary name.

This series contains records generated by or related to individual sanctuaries and education centers, including administrative records, subject files, ornithological records, historical property records, printed material, and photographs. The quantity of records for each sanctuary varies considerably, ranging from one or two folders to many cartons, depending on the material that each sanctuary has deposited in the collection. Sanctuary records should not be considered comprehensive or complete, although it is anticipated that additions will be forthcoming.

The most heavily represented sanctuaries in the series are Arcadia Wildlife Sanctuary, Broodmoor Wildlife Sanctuary, Drumlin Farm, Habitat Wildlife Sanctuary and Education Center, Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary, Laughing Brook Wildlife Sanctuary, Moose Hill Wildlife Sanctuary, Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, and Wellfleet Wildlife Sanctuary. (Very few records are dated later than 2000 except for newsletters and other printed material.)

See also Series I.I.i. Sanctuary Department records, Working "Chronos" files.

A. Allen's Pond Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1989-2012

Located in Westport and South Dartmouth, Allen's Pond Wildlife Sanctuary contains a coastal salt pond and surrounding land, where over 300 bird species have been recorded. Records include sanctuary newsletters, a 2001 monograph, The Birds of Allen's Pond, and plans for the 2004 salt marsh restoration.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 1
Newsletters, 1989-2009
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 2
The Birds of Allen's Pond, 2001
OS Box 1Folder 1
Salt Marsh Restoration Project plans, 2004
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 3
Miscellaneous printed material, 1990-2012

B. Arcadia Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1932-2005

Established in 1944 in Northampton and Easthampton on the Connecticut River, Arcadia's original 100 acres were given to Mass Audubon by Professor Zechariah Chafee, Jr. and his wife, Bess (nee Searle) in memory of their son Robert Searle Chafee for use as a wildlife refuge and for conservation education. The land had previously been established in 1904 as a private hunting ground and then a sanctuary by Leroy S. Combs. The sanctuary was later expanded by donation and purchase to over 700 acres. Its records include administrative records, subject files, records related to environmental and property issues, ornithological records, printed material, and photographs.

i. Administrative records, 1937-1996

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Arcadia's administrative records primarily consist of correspondence, but also include meeting minutes, press releases, deeds, and other legal and financial documents. Topics include the initial interest in the sanctuary as an Audubon property in 1938, the property's purchase, the appointment of Edwin Mason as the first sanctuary director in 1944, early efforts to acquire additional land, later fundraising drives including records of the Arcadia Development Committee to raise funds for a nature center (1968-1970), correspondence with architect E. Verner Johnson, the acquisition of the Allen land in 1970 and Ned's Ditch in 1974, as well as day-to-day operations of the sanctuary, largely through the correspondence of directors Robie Hubley and Judith Hubley. The bulk of correspondence ends in 1982.

Also in this series are the sanctuary director's annual reports, which include narratives of sanctuary activities, financial information, newspaper clippings, program flyers, brochures, and other items to illustrate the year's events. Planning documents include planning guidelines, lists of goals, and strategic planning records pertaining to Arcadia.

Carton 43SH 17FC .Folders 1-39
Correspondence, legal, and financial records, 1937-1996
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folders 40-46
Annual reports, 1966-1983
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folders 47-49A
Planning documents, 1972-1979

ii. Subject files, 1945-1996

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Subject files contain records of programs and events or reports that relate to Arcadia and its activities. Programs include Focus Outdoors, an annual conference and natural history weekend, and the Bilingual Nature Education Program, designed primarily as an outreach program to the Hispanic community in Holyoke.

Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 50
Arcadia Audubon Club, 1967-1972
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folders 51-54
Bilingual program, 1988-1991
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 55
Duckling Nature Tour, 1983
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folders 56-62
Focus Outdoors, 1967-1992
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 63
Forbes Library bird collection, 1961
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 64
"Geology Tour of the Connecticut Valley," 1968
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 65
Grange Memorial planting, 1945-1961
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 66
Interviews and reports, 1958-1983
Carton 43SH 17FC .Folder 67-68
Mt. Tom programs, 1988-1992
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 1
"Native American Ecology of the Connecticut River Valley," 1991
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 2
Nature Center dedication, 1972
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 3
Nature Day Camp manual, 1990
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 4
Ned's Ditch background information, ca. 1972
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 5
Norman Studio construction, 1949
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 6
Nursery school, 1987-1990
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folders 7-10
Pre-school feasibility study, 1972-1975
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 11
Plant inventories, 1945-1948
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 12
Programs and events, 1953-1996
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 13
Property inventory, 1962
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 14
Radar - Migration studies, 1960

iii. Environmental and property issues, 1955-1992

Arranged chronologically by subject.

This subseries contains records related to legal actions against the Northampton dump, a long-running conflict involving burning and pollution violations on Arcadia land. It includes newspaper clippings, court documents, and correspondence with Northampton officials. Also here are papers related to the Ox Bow property wetlands violation, including actions taken against the Ox Bow Water Ski Club and proposed building renovation. Other records relate to hazardous materials buried at the Northampton dump site, and the 1972, 1977, and 1988 oil spills that affected the sanctuary. Documents related to the asphalt plant legal action, opposing the construction and operation of the plant in Easthampton, include correspondence, legal briefs, affidavits, and other trial documents.

Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 15
Trespasses and break-ins, 1955-1985
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folders 16-36
Northampton dump legal actions, 1963-1972
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folders 37-40
Ox Bow wetlands violations, 1965-1992
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folders 41-42
Northampton dump hazardous materials, 1970-1989
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 43
Curtis Nook Road dispute, 1971-1974
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 44
Oil spill, 1972-1973
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folders 45-49
Oil spill, 1977
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folders 50-56
Asphalt plant legal action, 1983-1985
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 57
Hazardous materials report, 1988-1990
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 58
Oil spill, 1988
Carton 44SH 17FG +Folder 59
Zoning Board of Appeals, 1992

iv. Ornithological records, 1944-1970

Ornithological records include early bird counts, daily field cards, cumulative lists, and annual Christmas bird censuses recorded at Arcadia.

Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 1-6
Bird counts, 1944-1970
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 7-17
Christmas bird census, 1951-1967

v. Printed material, 1938-2005

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Included in this subseries are sanctuary newsletters; brochures such as trail guides, nature walks, and fundraising material; and articles and reprints, largely from the Massachusetts Audubon Society Bulletin about Arcadia. Yearly Nature Day Camp and Camp Out brochures are also found here. Newspaper clippings, especially for the 1940s and 1950s, provide a thorough narrative of the sanctuary and its programs.

Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 18-19
Articles and reprints, 1938-1961
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 20-26
Newspaper clippings, 1939-1985
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolder 27
Maps, 1939-1961
OS Box 1Folder 2
Plans and maps, 1948-1981
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 28-33
Brochures, ca. 1951-2005
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 34-47
Newsletters, 1977-2002
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolder 48
"Tongues in Trees" nature guide, 1979

vi. Photographs, 1932-1984

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Carton 45SH 17FW EFolder 49
Aerial views, 1942-1958
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 50-59
Birds, 1938-1974
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 60-61
Buildings and structures, 1945-1973
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolder 62
Chafee, Robert Searle, 1932-ca. 1941
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolder 63
Connecticut River flood (oxbow), 1984
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 64-70
Day camps, 1948-1978
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolders 71-73
Fall Festival, 1974
Carton 45SH 17FW EFolder 74
Fire control, 1939
Box 8SH 17XT TFolders 1-6
Nature Center design and construction, 1970-1972
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 7
Nature Nate's Corner, 1960
Box 8SH 17XT TFolders 8-9
Nature workshops, 1945
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 10
Ned's Ditch, 1974
Box 8SH 17XT TFolders 11-14
Northampton dump, 1966-1967
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 15
Nursery school, 1975-1978
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 16
Oil spill, 1972
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 17
Oil spill, 1977
Box 8SH 17XT TFolders 18-26
People and activities, ca. 1940- ca.1984
Box 8SH 17XT TFolders 27-33
Scenes, ca. 1940-ca. 1984
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 34
Signage, 1952-1968
Box 8SH 17XT TFolders 35
Solar-heated greenhouse, 1981
Box 8SH 17XT TFolder 36
Wildlife, 1966-1971

C. Ashumet Holly Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1963-2010

Located in East Falmouth, this sanctuary was originally a holly plantation owned by Wilfred Wheeler, a former Massachusetts commissioner of agriculture. Josiah K. Lilly III purchased the farm and willed it to Mass Audubon upon his death in 1964. Lee C. Davis became the first director of the sanctuary, which held over 65 varieties of holly trees. This subseries includes administrative records, subject files, and printed material.

i. Administrative records, 1963-1992

Administrative records consist of correspondence, annual and quarterly reports, and planning documents. The bulk of correspondence is between Mass Audubon's president, sanctuary department staff, and the Sanctuary Advisory Committee. A letter from Josiah K. Lilly III discusses the donation of the property to Mass Audubon. Also included are memos related to Sanctuary Committee meetings, discussion of the sanctuary's mission, and fiscal issues. Planning documents contain annual goals, quarterly work projects, and educational plans.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 4-7
Correspondence, 1963-1992
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 8-10
Annual and quarterly reports, 1965-1992
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 11
Planning documents, 1976-1991

ii. Subject files, 1971-1991

Subject files include records related to 1990-1991 educational programming; historical material, largely essays by and about Wilfred Wheeler, Sr.; and records related to holly management and pesticide use, the bulk from 1990 and 1991.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 12-14

iii. Printed material, 1964-2010

Printed material consists of a small, incomplete set of newsletters; several brochures that give detailed information about the sanctuary's species of holly; trail maps; the guide, "The Changing Nature of Cape Cod" (2010); and other miscellaneous material.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 14-17

D. Blue Hills Trailside Museum records, 1967-2005

Located in Milton, the Blue Hills Trailside Museum is the interpretive center for the Metropolitan District Commission's 7,000-acre Blue Hills Reservation. The Trailside Museum opened in 1959 under the direction of the Museum of Science, then the Boston Zoological Society, and in 1974, Mass Audubon. In 1980, they merged with the Chickatawbut Hill Education Center located atop the second highest hill in the reservation, which became the museum's field site. Included in this series are administrative records and printed material.

i. Administrative records, 1974-2005

Administrative records consist of planning documents, financial statements, and annual reports. Planning documents include a five-year master plan developed when Mass Audubon took over the operation of the Trailside Museum in 1974, a 1974 inventory and set of recommendations for Chickatawbut Hill, a 1982 Trailside Museum exhibit master plan, and 1983 program development guidelines. Financial statements are reports prepared by independent auditors, primarily in the 1970s and 1990s. The sequences of both the financial statements and annual reports contain significant gaps. Miscellaneous records include lists of goals and several 1993 and 1994 quarterly reports.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 19-23
Planning records, 1974-1990
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 24-26
Financial statements, 1976-2005
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 27-30
Annual reports, 1977-1999
Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 31
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1979-1994

ii. Printed material, 1967-2002

Printed material includes early trail maps, museum brochures, day camp brochures, bird checklists, and group program brochures. Newsletters, dated from 1981 to 2002, also contain program listings.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 32-41

E. Boston Nature Center and Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1995-2020

Arranged chronologically by record type.

The Boston Nature Center is an environmental education center and urban wildlife sanctuary built on the 67-acre site of the Boston State Hospital in Mattapan. Mass Audubon acquired the site in 1996 and officially opened in 1998, focusing on programming for inner-city Boston schools. It includes the George Robert White Environmental Conservation Center and Clark-Cooper Community Gardens.

Records in this series consist of the preliminary interpretive planning report for the nature center and its exhibits, meeting results, program evaluations, a 2011 strategic plan, and other administrative documents. Also included are annual reports dated from 2000 to 2020 (with gaps) and printed material such as brochures, program guides, newspaper clippings, and a 1993 history of the property.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 1-4
Administrative records, 2000-2016
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 5-7
Annual reports, 2000-2020
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 8-10
Printed material, 1995-2015

F. Brewster's Woods Wildlife Sanctuary records, 2007-2019

Donated to Mass Audubon by Nancy Beeukes in 2019, Brewster's Woods consists of 143 acres in Concord. Part of a 300 acre farm previously owned by William Brewster, Mass Audubon's first president, the land along the Concord River includes Brewster's October Farm homestead.

Records include articles about Brewster and October Farm, newspaper clippings chronicling the donation of the land to Mass Audubon in 2019, and papers related to preservation efforts by the Concord Land Conservation Trust.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 11

G. Broad Meadow Brook Conservation Center and Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1989-2017

Located in Worcester, Broad Meadow Brook is the largest urban wildlife sanctuary in New England, owned by a consortium of the City of Worcester Conservation Commission, New England Power Company, and Mass Audubon. Opened in 1991, it consists of a visitor's center, environmental resource center, and the Central Massachusetts Advocacy Office (formerly the Worcester Co. Environmental Affairs Office, then the Conservation Advocacy Office). This subseries holds a small amount of the sanctuary's administrative records and printed material.

The newsletters of the Worcester Co. Conservation Advocacy office are filed with the records of the Legislative Affairs/Advocacy Department (Series I.G.)

i. Administrative records, 1990-1998

The bulk of administrative records are proposed action plans and programming for the new sanctuary. Also included are reports, memos, program lists, committee meeting minutes, and correspondence.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 42-43

ii. Printed material, 1989-2017

Included here are brochures for educational services, summer day camp brochures, bird checklists, newspaper articles, a brochure related to the campaign to acquire the sanctuary in 1989, and newsletters dating from 1991 to 2002. Until 1997, newsletters contained only news and program listings for Broad Meadow Brook Sanctuary. In 1999, the newsletter also began to cover the Education Center and Conservation Advocacy Office. In 2001, the newsletters of Broad Meadow and Wachusett Meadow Sanctuaries were combined.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 44-52

H. Broadmoor Wildlife Sanctuary records, ca. 1900-2012

The first parcel of the Broadmoor Wildlife Sanctuary was land gifted to Mass Audubon by Henry M. Channing in 1963 as Little Pond Sanctuary in Sherborn. Between 1968 and 1972, Dr. and Mrs. Carl Stillman added land along the Charles River that included the historic Praying Indian site of Waban's Meadow and the site of Thomas Sawin's 1686 gristmill. Sanctuary staff created an endowment with fundraising drives and an auction of the contents of the Stillman home, which was later razed. Red Wing Farm in South Natick, across Indian Brook from the sanctuary, was purchased in 1973.

Open to the public since 1969, Broadmoor contains over 600 acres of forests, trails, observation decks, and a nature center. Its records include administrative records, subject files, printed material, photographs, and audio-visual material.

i. Administrative records, 1968-2012

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Included in this subseries are annual and monthly reports (with gaps) prepared by the sanctuary director, containing summaries of activities, educational programs, visitation, building and grounds improvements, personnel changes, animal care, and lists of major accomplishments. Planning documents include lists of annual objectives and annual operating plans prepared by the director, as well as master plans prepared by the Sanctuary Committee (later, the Advisory Board). Sanctuary Committee records contain documents related to the committee's formation in 1974; correspondence; meeting minutes; reports; deeds; proposals; records related to land donation and purchase, building construction and renovation; long-range planning subcommittee records; barn raising subcommittee records; the committee's 1996 strategic plan; and their 1998 orientation manual.

Also in this subseries are fundraising records for major campaigns, including the endowment of the Stillman property in 1968, the purchase of the Red Wing Farm in 1973-1974, the capital fund drive in 1979, and the development of the Nature Center in 1983, as well as annual appeals. Financial records consist of reports of sanctuary income, internal fund transfers, and miscellaneous bills and receipts for 1980 and 1981. The Workbook for Sanctuary Planning includes a natural history inventory, site map, several histories of the property and its owners, a fundraising prospectus, a survey of environmental programs, and building plans.

Carton 46SH 17HT DFolders 1-5
Annual reports, 1971-1985
Carton 46SH 17HT DFolders 6-30A
Monthly reports, 1974-1995
Carton 46SH 17HT DFolders 31-34
Planning documents, 1972-1996
Carton 46SH 17HT DFolders 35-57
Sanctuary committee/Advisory board records, 1974-2012
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 1-13
Fundraising records, 1968-2005
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 14-22
Financial records, 1979-1982
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 23-25
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1979-1980
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 26
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1977-1995

ii. Subject files, ca. 1959-2009

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This subseries contains documents organized by subject as originally filed in sanctuary offices. Notable topics include the purchase of Red Wing Farm and related construction projects (1973-1976), barn construction and renovation (1979-1992), ongoing issues with horseback riders in the sanctuary (1962-2005), and the Natural Valley Storage Area program conducted on the Charles River by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 27
Abuttors information, 1971-1972
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 28
All-Persons' Trail, 1994-1996
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 29
Archaeological survey, 1985
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 30-33
"Art for all Seasons," 1994-1995
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 34-37
Barn construction, 1979-1992
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 38-39
Composting toilets, 1977-1981
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 40-41
Dogs and cats, 1973-1988
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 42
Ecological management plan, undated
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 43-44
Educational programming, 1976-1995
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 45-48
Fauna, 1976-2005
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 49
Flora, 2008-2009
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 50-51
Historical background, ca. 1959-1990
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolders 52-61
Horseback riding issues, 1962-2005
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 62
Horseback riding permits, 1987-2001
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolders 35-41
Natural Valley Storage, 1972-1984
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 42
Nature Center dedication, 1983
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolders 43-44
"Nature Discovery," 1985-1988
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolders 45-48
Red Wing Farm, 1973-1976
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 49
Solar heating monitoring, 1982
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 50
Spilman wetlands donation, 1981-1982
Carton 47SH 17HV FFolder 51
Stillman house inventory, 1972-1975

iii. Printed material, 1902-2011

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Included in this subseries are quarterly newsletters dating from 1978 to 2009 listing public and educational programs, summer camps, birding programs, and guided walks. Plans and maps include Red Wing Farm bridge schematics, aerial maps of Indian Brook wetland, plans of Natick and Sherborn lands, and schematics of utilities locations. Also here are trail maps; fundraising and informational brochures; flyers related to activities and events; The Mills at Broadmoor, 1696-1976, prepared by the Broadmoor Sanctuary for the Natick Bicentennial Commission; and other printed material.

Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 1-2
Plans, maps, and elevations, 1902-2010
OS Box 4Folder 1-5
Plans, maps, and elevations, 1962-1992
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 3
Articles and newspaper clippings, 1973-1976
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 4-6
Brochures and trail maps, ca. 1974-1978
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 7-10
Flyers and programs, 1975-1998
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 11-21
Newsletters, 1978-2011
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 22
Miscellaneous printed material, 1976-2000

iv. Photographs, ca. 1900-1999

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 23
Aerial photographs, 1987
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 24
"Art for All Seasons," 1995
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 25
Boardwalk construction, 1998-1999
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 26
Construction, 1976
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 27
Dam, ca. 1973
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 28
"Historical," ca. 1900-1964
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 29
Horseback riding, ca. 1972
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 30-36
Houses and barns, ca. 1900- ca. 1970
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 37
Red Wing Farm, 1974
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 38
Saltonstall property and Charles River easement, undated
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 39
Saw mill and dam, ca. 1920- ca. 1960
OS Box 4Folder 6
Sawin Homestead interpretive display, photo negatives, 1976
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 40
South Natick scenes, 1903-1936
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 41-48
Stillman house and property, ca. 1900-1974
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolder 49
Trespassing/damage, 1997-1999
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 50-51
Miscellaneous photos, 1969- ca. 1975
Carton 48SH 17HU EFolders 52-59
Photo album of landscape scenes, undated

v. Slide collections, 1954-2004

Arranged in numerical order as kept by the sanctuary office.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 1-6
1. Broadmoor property and nearby land, 1972-1997

Containing approximately 420 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Location map; Wetlands graphics; Historical; Ponds, woods, and fields; 1978 storm; and Spear Point.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 7-16
2. Broadmoor property, 1972-1999

Containing approximately 400 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Aerials; Indian Brook; Little Farm Pond; Vernal pools and vernal pool overlook; Accessible boardwalk; Nature Center; Red Wind Farm; Green Barn; Stillman house and barn; and South Street barn renovations.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 17-20
3. Charles River, 1972-1985

Containing approximately 480 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Dams; Sewage treatment; and Flooding.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 21-26
4. Miscellaneous topics, 1972-1981

Containing approximately 300 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Solar homes; Mass Audubon Trail interpretive devices; Sturbridge Village; Natick aerials and land; Field/pasture environments; and Pollution.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 27-28
5. Special events and programming, 1990-1995

Containing approximately 50 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Special events and celebrations; and Offsite programs and events.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 29-34
6. Programs on-site, 1972-1998

Containing approximately 550 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Birds and Breakfast; School programs; Summer camp; Rebuilding and repairs; Volunteers; and Visitors, Nature Center, and trail.

Carton 119SH 1A18Folders 35-37
7. Birds, Volume 1, 1954-1983

Containing approximately 360 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Loons; and Grebes through Shorebirds.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folders 1-3
8. Birds, Volume 2, 1954-2004

Containing approximately 360 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Skvas; Jaegers; Gulls; Terns through Finches; and Bird banding.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folders 4-6
9. Animals, 1973-1990

Containing approximately 110 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Insects; Mammals; Reptiles; and Amphibians.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folders 1-3
10. Plants/Wildflowers, 1969-1983

This collection contains approximately 500 slides.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folders 10-15
11. Plants/Trees, 1963-1983

Containing approximately 320 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Maps and diagrams; Miscellaneous; Ferns; Wetland grass and plants; Mushrooms and lichens; and Trees.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folders 16-18
12. Broadmoor events and scenes, 1974-1998

This collection contains approximately 650 slides.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folder 19
13. Wetlands, 1983

This collections contains approximately 50 slides.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folders 20-23
14. Aerials, 1972-1973

Containing approximately 500 slides, this collection contains the following sections: Neponset River; Mystic River; Charles River; and Cape Cod.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folder 24
Birds of Broadmoor, ca. 1973-1990

This collection contains 48 slides.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folder 25
Little Farm Road fire, 2001

This collection contains 25 slides.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folder 26
Stillman Gardens, 1976

This collection contains 9 slides.

Carton 120SH 1A19Folder 27
Miscellaneous flowers, ca. 1956

This collection contains 33 slides.

vi. Audio-visual material, 1973-2009

Arranged chronologically.

To access audio-visual material, contact the Digital Preservation Archivist.

Dr. Carl Stillman, "Oral History of Broadmoor," ca. 1973 (7 in. audio reel, AV 0003)

Voices and music, final tape, 1981 (audio cassette, AV0010)

Charles River, "Chronicle," WCVB-TV, 1992 (VHS, AV0004)

Springfest - George Middlemass and Ruth Peinze, 1993 (audio cassette, AV0014)

"The Broadmoor Story," 2002 (VHS, AV0005)

Solar tour, 2009 (audio cassette, AV0007)

Lisa Ramsay, "The Wetlands," undated (audio cassette, AV0006)

"Alfred Alga and Frieda Fungus," undated (audio cassette, AV0008)

Broadmoor Nature Center Tour, undated (audio cassette, AV0009)

Dr. Carl Stillman, Oral history at Broadmoor, tape 1, undated (audio cassette, AV0011)

Dr. Carl Stillman, Oral history at Broadmoor, tape 2, undated (audio cassette, AV0012)

"Discovery songs and sun songs," undated (audio cassette, AV0013)

Canoe Meadows Wildlife Sanctuary (see Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary)

I. Cook's Canyon Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1897-1984

Located in Barre and originally known as Barre Falls, this land was purchased by George W. Cook in 1896. Cook systematically planted thousands of trees to create a public park on the 60 acres, and after he died in 1934, his wife later bequeathed the land to Mass Audubon. It became a Mass Audubon sanctuary in 1948. Documents in this subseries include administrative records, historical material, ornithological records, printed material, and photographs.

i. Administrative records, 1948-1974

Arranged chronologically.

The bulk of administrative records are annual reports. Also included are memos, meeting minutes, and a copy of the 1948 will of Mary Cook.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolders 53-55

ii. Historical material, 1924-1954

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains lists of trees planted by George W. Cook, biographical material about Cook, and essays related to the site.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 56

iii. Ornithological records, 1932-1948

Arranged chronologically.

Records include a bird list completed in 1932 and a calendar of "bird notes" for 1948.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 57

iv. Printed material, 1897-1965

Arranged chronologically.

Records largely consist of newspaper clippings related to George Cook and his development of Cook's Canyon. An offprint of a 1949 Bulletin article about the acquisition of Cook's Canyon and two 1949 newsletters are also here.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 58-59

v. Photographs, 1910-1984

Arranged chronologically.

Included in this subseries is a 1910 photograph of Mary Peckham, mother of George W. Cook, a 1984 view of Cook's Canyon, and an undated day camp group photograph.

Carton 64SH 17MQ FFolder 60

Daniel Webster Wildlife Sanctuary (see South Shore Sanctuaries)

J. Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1953-2019

Located in Lincoln, Drumlin Farm contains over 230 acres of meadows, woodlands, gardens, haylands, and ponds. 175 acres of the sanctuary was once the Hatheway estate, purchased by Louise Ayer Hatheway and her husband Donald Gordon, which they operated as a working farm for school groups and other educational organizations. Hatheway donated the land to Mass Audubon in 1955, along with the large red barn that became the Drumlin Farm Nature Center in 1957 and the 1914 brick mansion known as Gordon Hall, which became Mass Audubon's headquarters when the administrative offices moved from Boston in 1959. In 1965, Mass Audubon added the Boyce farm to the sanctuary, and in 1974, it converted the Drury house into the Conservation Services Center. Although additional land reverted to Mass Audubon when a U.S. Army site was abandoned in 1975, plans to move its headquarters to the site were abandoned due to financial concerns and strong public opposition.

Documents in this subseries include administrative records, subject files, and printed material.

i. Administrative records, 1953-2019

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Planning documents in this subseries consist of a master plan overview, education and interpretive plans, annual plans, and strategic five-year plans. Meeting minutes and committee records include those of the Drumlin Farm Committee, which formed to help determine the best use of the newly acquired property; the Board of Overseers for the Hatheway School of Conservation Education, which developed the scope and curriculum of its programs and classes; and the Sanctuary Advisory Committee, which oversaw the activities of the sanctuary and its programs. Legal records include wills, petitions to Lincoln's board of appeals, quitclaim deeds, and conservation restrictions pertaining to the property. Records also include a fairly complete run of annual reports and miscellaneous records including lists of farm, wildlife, and environmental programs.

Correspondence is largely that of the committee members, Mass Audubon board, executive office, and sanctuary staff, discussing the initial vision for the sanctuary and its education programs, the curriculum of the Hatheway School, building expansions and conflicts with property abutters and the Town of Lincoln, the sanctuary's solar energy program, the 1980 barn fire and the barn's subsequent rebuilding, and the daily activities of the sanctuary. Also included is correspondence between Mass Audubon and the heirs of the estate related to the use of the property per the restrictions in Louise Hatheway's will; and correspondence with the board of appeals of the Town of Lincoln. Correspondence of Crawford Gordon, the son of Louise Ayer Hatheway, relates to the establishment of the Drumlin Farm sanctuary and the Louise Ayer Hatheway School of Conservation Education. It also details the disposition of some of the furniture belonging to the estate. Correspondence of D'Arcy and Lucia Todd MacMahon discusses the wishes of Louise Ayer Hathaway (Lucia's grandmother) about the use of the Drumlin farm property.

This series also includes committee and board of overseers meeting minutes, annual and quarterly reports from 1964 to 1999 and from 2010 to 2019, and a 2012 policies and procedures manual.

Carton 65SH 17FL 3Folder 1
Legal records, 1953-1994
Carton 65SH 17FL 3Folders 1A-11
Planning documents, 1955-2016
Carton 65SH 17FL 3Folders 12-37A
Correspondence and memos, 1955-1993
Carton 65SH 17FL 3Folder 38
Drumlin Farm committee meeting minutes, 1955-1956
Carton 65SH 17FL 3Folders 39-40
Hatheway School Board of Overseers meeting minutes, 1956-1957
Carton 65SH 17FL 3Folders 41-62
Annual and quarterly reports, 1964-1988
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folders 1-21
Annual and quarterly reports, 1989-2019
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folders 22-27
Advisory committee records, 1981-1990
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folders 28-30
Policies and procedures manual, 2012
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folders 31-32
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1956-2004

ii. Subject files, 1955-1999

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Subject files include a 1955 insurance inventory containing photographs of the house and grounds taken when Mass Audubon acquired the property; Massachusetts Historical Commission historic structures reports on the major buildings on the estate; copies of the will of Louise Hatheway; and various topics related to the management of the property and programming of Drumlin Farm.

Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 33
Abutting lands accessment form, 1983
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 34
Barn raising and dedication, 1982
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folders 35-36
Boyce Farm demonstration area, 1964-1966
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 37
Boyce right-of-way, 1960-1964
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 38
Fields management, 1964-1967
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 39
Hatheway will, 1955
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 40
Historic structures surveys, 1959-1977
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 41
Historical research, undated
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 42
Insurance inventory, 1955
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 43
Land title history, 1981
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 44
McCart house, 1989
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 45
School groups, 1979-1991
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folder 46
Tour teachers' manual, 1973
Carton 102SH 17N8 +Folders 47-49
Wildlife for Education report, 1998-1999

iii. Printed materials, 1955-2019

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This series consists of articles and newspaper clippings, including those related to the barn fire and reconstruction in 1980-1981. Brochures include trail maps, tour and program brochures, and day camp brochures. Newsletters and program guides were at first printed separately, but later combined into one publication.

Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folders 1-3
Articles and newspaper clippings, 1955-2017
Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folders 4-8
Brochures and trail maps, 1958-1996
Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folders 9-29
Newsletters and program guides, 1972-2017
Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folders 30-31
Capital campaign material, 2003-2015
Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folder 32
A History of Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary, 2005
Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folder 27
Miscellaneous printed material, 1963-2019

iv. Photographs, 1955-1972

Arranged chronologically.

Photographs include images of childrens' classes, tours, and animals.

Carton 103SH 17N9 %Folders 35-36

K. Eagle Lake Wildlife Sanctuary records, 2004-2013

Eagle Lake is a 332-acre sanctuary in Holden that was donated to Mass Audubon by Hilda and Clifford Appleton in 1984. This subseries contains a 2004 printed trail map and a 2013 sanctuary fact sheet.

Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 1

L. Felix Neck Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1968-2005

Located in Edgartown on Martha's Vineyard, part of this sanctuary's land was acquired by George M. Moffett in 1968 and given to Mass Audubon. Other portions were managed by the officers and trustees of the Martha's Vineyard Natural History Society as the Felix Neck Wildlife Trust. The two organizations managed the sanctuary together until 1983, when the Trust dissolved and the board became the Mass Audubon Sanctuary Advisory Committee. Documents within this series include administrative records and printed material.

i. Administrative records, 1968-1996 (bulk: 1971-1977)

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Administrative records consist largely of correspondence related to Mass Audubon's relationship with the Felix Neck Wildlife Trust and the various management arrangements between the two organizations. Other correspondence is between Mass Audubon and its members and patrons and between sanctuary directors and Mass Audubon departments. Also included here are board meeting minutes of the Felix Neck Wildlife Trust, which were originally appended to correspondence.

Legal records include a 1968 deed from George M. Moffett to Mass Audubon; various agreements and leases between Mass Audubon and the Felix Neck Wildlife Trust; and undated by-laws of the Martha's Vineyard Natural History Society. Reports and planning documents include various lists of goals and objectives, as well as annual and quarterly reports for 1982-1983. Surveys include a 1979 flora and fauna inventory and a 1983 list of endangered wildflowers on the property. Educational programming includes program objectives, outlines, and examples of education handouts.

Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 2-13
Correspondence, 1968-1996
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 14
Legal records, 1968-1978
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 15
Reports and planning documents, 1970-1988
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 16
Flora and fauna surveys, 1979-1983
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 17
Educational programming, 1993

ii. Printed material, 1970-2005

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Printed material consists of newsletters and program guides, printed from 1972-1983 by the Felix Neck Wildlife Trust and from 1983-2005 by Mass Audubon. Other printed material includes a 1970 edition of Felix Neck Naturalist, several brochures, trail maps, and a self-guided nature walk.

Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 17A
Brochures and trail maps, 1971-1997
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 18-21
Newsletters and program guides, 1972-2005
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 22
Miscellaneous printed material, 1970-1986

M. Graves Farm Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1989-2003

Located on 683 acres in Williamsburg, Graves Farm Wildlife Sanctuary was operated as a dairy farm for over 125 years. Most of the land was bequeathed to Mass Audubon in 1990 by Dwight and John Graves, and came under Mass Audubon’s management in 1994 after the brothers’ deaths. Some of the original nine farm buildings have been demolished, and a farmhouse and barn were sold to private owners in 2001. Records consist of administrative records, subject files, printed material, photographs, and digital material.

i. Administrative records, 1989-2003

Arranged chronologically.

Administrative records consist of correspondence; legal records, including wills, quitclaim deeds, real estate records, and correspondence related to the estates of John P. and Dwight L. Graves; property management plans and reviews; press releases; progress reports; logging agreements and timber rights agreements; sanctuary goals; and strategic plans. Also included are meeting notes, building proposals, letters of support and opposition for demolishing the farm buildings, sanctuary committee votes, and cliff swallow management plans.

Carton 113SH 1A2HFolders 1-28

ii. Subject files, 1991-2002

Arranged alphabetically.

Subject files are organized as originally filed in sanctuary offices. They include a 1998 Massachusetts Historical Commission report documenting the architectural and historical significance of the property, with photographs; a 1992 oral history interview with John Graves; and reports concerning the management and conservation of a cliff swallow colony located on the property.

Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 29
Asbestos treatment, 1998
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 30
Cliff swallow reports, 1992-1994
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 31
Documentary Heritage grant proposal, 1999-2000
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolders 32-33
Historical materials, 1992
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 34
Maps and surveys, 1991-2002
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 35
Massachusetts Historical Commission report, 1998
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 36
Property appraisal, 1995
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolders 37-38
Requests for proposals, 1996
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 39
Sewage disposal survey, 1996
Carton 113SH 1A2HFolder 40
Vegetation and wildlife maps and lists, 1991-1995

iii. Printed material, 1990-2002

Arranged chronologically.

Printed material consists of newspaper clippings chronicling the donation of the property to Mass Audubon, biographies of the Graves brothers, and controversy over the disposition of the farm buildings.

Oversize material includes schematics of wetland locations and proposed building removals (1998), and a survey of Mass Audubon easements on Williamsburg land (2002).

Carton 113SH 1A2HFolders 41-43
Miscellaneous printed material, 1990-2002
OS Box 1Folder 4
Plans and schematics, 1998-2002

iv. Photographs, ca. 1992-1998

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Photographs include images of the farm house, barn, Potash Brook, and other landscape details.

Carton 113SH 1A2HFolders 44-51

v. Digital material, 1995-1999

Graves Farm buildings, 1995-1999 (3.5 inch floppy disk, DM004)

Records include requests for proposals for adaptive reuse of the farm buildings, sanctuary department memos, correspondence with vendors and the general public, press releases, and position papers for the disposition of the buildings.

To access this record, contact the Digital Preservation Archivist.

N. Habitat Education Center and Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1946-2018

Habitat is a 90-acre preserve in Belmont, created from the former lands of Habitat, Inc. and Highland Farm Sanctuary. In 1970, Ruth Hornblower Churchill died, leaving a trust (the Greenough Foundation) to preserve her 1913 neo-Georgian home and surrounding property for educational purposes. The trust founded Habitat, Inc. in 1970, headed by educator Bert A. Roens and Churchill's son, Elisha Atkins. In Sept. 1971, the Habitat Inc. School of Environment opened, providing a one-year post-high-school enrichment experience. Habitat became a membership organization, the Habitat Institute, in 1976. The organization merged with Mass Audubon in July 1994, the culmination of a five-year planning process.

Highland Farm, part of an old dairy farm in Belmont, was donated to Mass Audubon by Mr. and Mrs. William Claflin with the support of neighbors and others in the 1960s. The property merged with the former Habitat, Inc. property in 1994, becoming Habitat Education Center and Wildlife Sanctuary.

i. Administrative records, 1946-1998

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries includes the administrative records of the Mass Audubon sanctuary's predecessor organization, Habitat, Inc., including deeds and land transactions, articles of organization, capability statements, monthly and annual reports, correspondence, trustees' records, Greenough Foundation trustees' records, financial statements, planning documents, and other administrative records.

A small amount of records pertain to Highland Farm Sanctuary, including sanctuary committee records (1974-1988) and planning documents (1986-1987). Additional administrative records include documents related to the merger of Habitat, Inc. and Highland Farm as a Mass Audubon property (1988-1994), as well as the administrative records of the newly formed Habitat Education Center and Wildlife Sanctuary, including monthly reports, a 1997 strategic plan, annual plans, and sanctuary committee records.

Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 1-1A
Deeds and land transactions, 1946-1994
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 2-18
Habitat, Inc. administrative records, 1970-1993
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 19-20
Highland Farm administrative records, 1970-1988
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 21-23
Merger records, 1988-1995
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolder 24
Monthly reports, 1995-1998
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 25-27
Planning documents, 1997-1998
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 28-31
Sanctuary committee records, 1994-1998
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolder 32
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1993-1997

ii. Subject files, 1946-1995

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This subseries contains documents organized by subject as originally filed in sanctuary offices.

Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 33-35
Bert A. Roens, 1992-1994
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 36-39
Earthwatch agreements, 1976-1991
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolder 40
Grant applications, 1988
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolder 44-43
Greenough Foundation, 1968-1982
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 44-50
Guide to Nature Trail, 1978-1983
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolders 51-52
History, 1946-1990
Carton 49SH 17XW WFolder 53-54
Programs and activities, 1972-1995

iii. Printed material, 1962-2018

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries contains a complete set of Habitat newsletters from 1973 to 2009; seasonal lists of courses and workshops held at Habitat, Inc.; newspaper clippings related to the property; summer camp program brochures; general information brochures; trail guides; and program and event flyers.

Carton 50SH 17XX XFolders 1-14
Newsletters, 1973-2009
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolders 15-24
Course lists, 1973-1994
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolder 25
Newspaper clippings, 1962-1995
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolders 26-28
Brochures, 1971-1997
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolders 29-30
Program and event flyers, 1985-2018
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolder 31
Lucille Gertz, Habitat Naturalist Manual, 1990
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolder 32
Lucille Gertz, Let Nature Be the Teacher, 1993
Carton 50SH 17XX XFolder 33
Childs and Gertz, Environmental Action: Activities for Kids, n.d.

O. High Ledges Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1970-1999

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Located in Shelburne, this 586-acre sanctuary was deeded to Mass Audubon by Ellesworth and Mary Barnard in 1970, with a reserved use of the property's buildings during their lifetimes. The Barnards left the property in 1999. Records in this series include a 1970 land appraisal; Ellesworth Barnard's memo concerning the sanctuary's use; a trust document; and a 1987 biological inventory of the property. Other records include trail maps and a series of aerial photographs of the sanctuary.

Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 23
Administrative records, 1970-1999
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 24
Trail maps, undated
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 25
Photographs, undated

P. Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1930-2009

One of Mass Audubon's largest sanctuaries, Ipswich River contains over 2,200 acres in Topsfield, Hamilton, and Wenham. In 1898, Thomas Proctor purchased the farm of Samuel Bradstreet, including the house built by Bradstreet in 1763. Proctor, a horticulturalist, planted 150 acres with over 3,500 exotic trees and shrubs. In March 1951, Mass Audubon purchased 2,000 acres of the Proctor Estate with $50,000 bequeathed to them by Annie H. Brown of Stoneham. (Mass Audubon first used this bequest to purchase the Plum Island sanctuary, but it was returned to the society when Plum Island was transferred to the federal government as the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.) Originally called the Proctor Wildlife Sanctuary and Annie H. Brown Reservation, it later become the Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary and Annie H. Brown Reservation. Documents in this series include administrative records, subject files, printed material, and digital material.

i. Administrative records, 1943-2000 (bulk: 1950-1951)

Arranged chronologically.

The bulk of administrative records date from 1950 to 1951 and relate to the transfer of the Proctor estate to Mass Audubon. They include correspondence, sanctuary advisory committee meeting minutes, committee reports, a copy of the property deed, and development plans. Documents also include proposals for natural history education programs and for a scout/youth development program. Annual reports date from 1965 to 2000 with gaps. The Workbook for Sanctuary Planning contains land surveys, schematics, fact sheets, a description of the sanctuary's environmental education programming, program objectives, and resource management objectives with related administrative records.

Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 26-30
General administrative records, 1943-1994
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 31-35
Annual reports, 1965-2000
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 36-38
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1979-1980

ii. Subject files, 1931-1996

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This subseries contains documents organized by subject as originally filed in sanctuary offices. Parker River National Wildlife Refuge records are largely correspondence between Mass Audubon and congressional representatives in 1946-1947 concerning H.R. 4362, which would have abolished the refuge. Plum Island real estate records relate to the land owned by Mass Audubon that was taken over by the federal government for the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge in 1940, including the original Annie H. Brown reservation. Salem/Beverly flow control structure records contain correspondence between Mass Audubon and the Salem and Beverly Water Supply Board related to the construction of a flow control structure and its impact on the Ipswich River.

Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 39-40
Education, 1973-1996
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 41
Handbook materials, ca. 1974
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 42-43
Historical material, 1942- ca. 1975
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 44
Natural history reports and notes, undated
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 45
Natural resources inventory, 1980
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 46
Ornithological records, 1951-1980
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 47
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, 1946-1960
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 48-49
Plum Island real estate, 1931-1944
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 50-51
Salem/Beverly flow control structure, 1980-1981
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 52
Trail guide production, undated

iii. Printed material, 1930-2009

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries contains articles, newspaper clippings, sanctuary brochures and flyers, newsletters, program guides, trail maps, and maps and other printed material related to Plum Island. The bulk of newspaper clippings relate to the movement to close Parker National Wildlife Refuge in 1946-1947. Beginning in 1979, newsletters and program guides are those of the Mass Audubon Northeast Region, which included Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary, as well as Endicott Regional Education Center in Wenham. Newsletters were printed separately for the two locations beginning in 1989.

OS Box 1Folder 5
Maps of Plum Island, 1930-1931
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 52A
Plum Island brochures and trail maps, 1937-1938
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folder 53
Articles and newspaper clippings, 1946-1984
Carton 66SH 17FM 4Folders 54-55
Brochures and flyers, 1951-2005
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 1-12
Newsletters and program guides, ca. 1970-2009
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 13
Trail maps and guides, undated, 1987

iv. Digital material, 1998-2005

Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary photos, 1998-2005 (CD-R, DM0001)

The CD includes approximately fifty photos of flora, fauna, meadows, trails, marshland, sanctuary buildings, and daycamp activity.

To access this record, contact the Digital Preservation Archivist.

Q. Joppa Flats Education Center records, 1996-2004

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Located in Newburyport, Joppa Flats consists of 54 acres of salt marsh habitat on the Merrimack River. Mass Audubon first purchased 3.3 acres of this land in 1993, and temporary offices were located in downtown Newburyport from 1996-2003. The Education Center opened in April 2003 as the gateway to Parker River National Wildlife Refuge and the Merrimack River.

Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 14
Design concepts and priorities presentation, 1996
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 15-19
Program guides, 1996-2004
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 19A
Miscellaneous printed material, 1996-2004

R. Laughing Brook Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1874-2010

Located in Hampden, Laughing Brook is the former home and studio of Thornton W. Burgess (1874-1965), an author of children's animal and nature stories including Peter Cottontail and Mother West Wind. After his death, Mass Audubon purchased 84 acres of his land for Laughing Brook Education Center and Wildlife Sanctuary, named for Burgess's home on the property. Opened in 1968, the sanctuary included the Storyteller's House (built by Calvin Stebbins in 1782 and now on National Register of Historic Places) furnished as Burgess had left it and interpreted for visitors. The sanctuary also included a Nature Center and originally housed live native New England animals. In 1977, Mr. and Mrs. Russell B. Neff donated 175 acres to Laughing Brook as the Emily Jones Neff Bird Sanctuary. The Environmental Education Resource Center opened in 1980, built with capital campaign funds. In 1992, Mass Audubon received an 81-acre property in Hampden from the Gerrish family known as "Old Acres Farms," which was managed in conjunction with Laughing Brook.

Documents in this series include administrative records; Thornton Burgess's house and property records; records related to site renovations; subject files; printed material; photographs; and scrapbooks.

i. Administrative records, 1928-1997

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Records consist of correspondence and memos related to the daily management of the sanctuary, including correspondence with the Mass Audubon Sanctuary Department and with Mass Audubon president Allen Morgan, internal memos, and a September 1978 letter from Theodore S. Geisel (Dr. Seuss) granting permission to use an image of the Lorax in a sanctuary program.

Also included are annual reports, grant proposals and reports, and long-range planning documents. A 1970 grant report contains photographs and documents in a scrapbook format to illustrate the property and the sanctuary's programs. A 1985 capital campaign resource book contains detailed information about the growth and organization of the sanctuary, as does a 1990 "situation analysis."

Carton 51SH 17XY YFolder 1
Property deeds, 1928-1992
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 2-4
Correspondence and memos, 1964-1997
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 5-10
Annual reports, 1968-1994
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 11-19
Grants and proposals, 1969-1995
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 20-34
Long-range planning records, 1977-1990
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 35-37
Capital campaign resource book, 1985-1986
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolder 38
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1972-1997

ii. Thornton Burgess house and property records, 1947-1990

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries contains papers that relate directly to Thornton Burgess; his former home; and other literary, intellectual, and physical property owned by Burgess. It includes a 1947 letter from Burgess related to local bird watching, as well as papers related to his estate settlement, including his will, estate inventories, and correspondence between Mass Audubon and the Burgess family. Also here is correspondence with Burgess's publishers, Little, Brown, and Co., about the sanctuary's rights to use his characters and stories. Interpretive material created to help the staff present the Burgess house to visitors includes excerpts from Burgess stories, essays about Burgess and his work, a "Storyteller's House Resource Book," self-guided tours, and bibliographies. The 1978 Thornton Burgess Collection catalog and its 1983 supplement lists Burgess's work held by the sanctuary (much of which is currently held by the Massachusetts Historical Society). The series also contains records pertaining to the application and listing of the Burgess house on the National Register of Historic Places.

See the Thornton Burgess scrapbook (Vol. 25) for additional Burgess correspondence, photographs, and writings used for interpretation at the sanctuary.

Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 39-42
Thornton Burgess papers, 1947-1985
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolder 43
Little, Brown, and Co. correspondence, 1966-1971
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 44-48
Interpretive material, 1967-1990
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 49-51
Thornton Burgess Collection catalogs, 1978-1984
Carton 51SH 17XY YFolders 52-53
National Register of Historic Places, 1981-1983

iii. Site renovations, 1968-2000

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Records in this series pertain to the renovation of the buildings and landscape within the sanctuary property, primarily in 1982-1983, 1988, and 1996-1997.

Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 1
Preliminary report, 1968
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 2-7
Burgess house renovations, 1982-1983
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 8
Plans, 1982-1988
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 9-17
Permits and notices of intent, 1983-2000
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 18-19
Contractor meeting notes, 1988-1989
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 20-21
Sitework specifications, 1988
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 22-23
Contract documents, ca. 1988
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 24
Butterfly garden, 1995-1998
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 25-26
Burgess buildings renovation, 1996-1997

iv. Subject files, 1971-1999

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This subseries contains documents organized by subject as originally filed in sanctuary offices.

Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 27
Bluebird habitat, undated
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 28-30
Gerrish property ecological analysis, 1994
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 31-35
Hampden well project, 1997-1999
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 36
History of property, 1979-1994
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolders 37-38
Programs and events, 1977-1987
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 39
Smiling Pool construction, 1971-1974
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 40
Tennessee Gas pipeline, 1989-1990
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 41
"Touch and See Nature Trail," 1974-1986
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 42
Vegetation cutting incident, 1997
Carton 52SH 17XZ ZFolder 43
Zoning by-laws, 1978-1992

v. Printed material, 1944-2010

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries contains magazine, journal, and newspaper articles about Laughing Brook and its programs and activities. Additional printed material includes sanctuary newsletters, course lists, general informational brochures, brochures for Laughing Brook's Natural History Day Camp, trail maps, and fundraising material.

See also News clipping scrapbooks (Vols. 26-30), which contain newspaper clippings related to Laughing Brook from 1968 to 1995.

Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folder 1
Magazine and journal articles, 1944-1985
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folders 2-4
Newspaper clippings, 1960-2010
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folder 5
Event flyers, 1975-1982
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folders 6-20
Newsletters, 1976-2001
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folders 21-23
Course lists, 1977-1999
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folders 24-26
Brochures, 1978-1998
OS Box 1Folder 6
Plans and elevations, 1982-1988
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folders 27-28
Miscellaneous printed material, 1967-1990

vi. Photographs, 1922-1988

Arranged chronologically by subject.

A small collection of loose photographs include images of Thornton Burgess in 1922 and ca. 1955, various views of the Thornton Burgess house in 1967, and miscellaneous photographs of the property and sanctuary activities.

For additional photographs of Burgess, his family, and his home dating from 1874 to 1965, see the Thornton Burgess Scrapbook (Vol. 25).

Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folder 29
Thornton Burgess, 1922- ca.1955
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folder 30
Thornton Burgess House, 1967
Carton 53SH 17R6 0Folders 31-32
Miscellaneous, 1967-1988

vii. Scrapbooks, 1874-1995

Arranged chronologically.

Volume 25 is a scrapbook of the life and work of Thornton Burgess compiled by Laughing Brook staff for use as an interpretive aid for the Burgess or "Storyteller's" House. It contains original photographs, essays, reproductions of correspondence and other documents, newspaper and magazine clippings, drawings, and photographs. Notable items are photographs of Burgess with illustrator Harrison Cady, ca. 1955; copies of Burgess's birth and marriage certificates; early photographs and articles related to the Burgess house; a photograph of Burgess's father and scenes of Sandwich, Massachusetts, ca. 1874; and photographs of Burgess as a child and throughout his life, with family and working in his studio. The scrapbook presents a full biographical record of Burgess, and most photographs are well identified.

Volumes 26-27 are scrapbooks of newspaper clippings compiled by Audubon member Gertrude LaPointe as a gift for Laughing Brook Sanctuary. They cover the years 1968 through 1991, but the completeness of coverage is irregular. Included are articles from the Springfield Daily News, the Springfield Sunday Republican, and other newspapers, as well as a few brochures and other printed material.

Volumes 28-30 are oversize scrapbooks of newspaper clippings compiled by Jean Onelette for Laughing Brook. Articles are dated, but few newspaper attributions are noted. Volumes also contain additional printed material related to sanctuary classes, activities, and events.

Carton 54SH 17Y1 2Vol. 25
Thornton Burgess scrapbook, 1874-1965
Carton 54SH 17Y1 2Vol. 26
Newspaper clippings, 1968-1976
Carton 54SH 17Y1 2Vol. 27
Newspaper clippings, 1977-1991
SH 17IM 7 Vol. 28
Newspaper clippings, 1977-1983
SH 17IM 7Vol. 29
Newspaper clippings, 1984-1990
SH 17IN 8Vol. 30
Newspaper clippings, 1992-1995

S. Lime Kiln Farm Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1991-2007

Arranged chronologically.

Located on 248 acres in Sheffield, Lime Kiln Farm is managed by Pleasant Valley Sanctuary. Originally known as Mt. Everett Wildlife Sanctuary, its records consist of a 1991 memo discussing sanctuary management and an October 2007 press release announcing the opening of Lime Kiln Farm.

Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 20

T. Lincoln Woods Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1966-1996

Arranged chronologically.

This sanctuary contains 68 acres in Leominster and houses the offices of the Worcester County Programs Office. Records consist of annual reports and planning records for 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1981, and 1983; wills and quitclaim deeds related to the property; and a 1971 day camp brochure.

Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 21

U. Long Pasture Wildlife Sanctuary records, 2010

Located in Barnstable, Long Pasture Wildlife Sanctuary includes 110 acres of beaches, tidal flats, and meadows. It serves as a base of operation for sanctuaries in mid and upper Cape Cod, and is utilized by the Coastal Waterbird Program. Established over several years culminating in 1996, the sanctuary was the gift of Sherman Parker and Edmund Beck, with Parker’s home currently serving as a visitors’ center. Records consist of printed material including trail guides, educational brochures, and design concepts for the sanctuary’s Discovery Center.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 12

V. Lost Farm Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1979-1983

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Located on Nantucket Island, Lost Farm Wildlife Sanctuary consists of 50 acres of land on Hummock Pond. The property was a 1979 bequest from the estate of Eleanor Ham. Records include an inventory of sanctuary flora and fauna; land surveys and blueprints; and a 1979 Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, which contains information related to the acquisition of the property, plant surveys, slides and photos, an education survey, sanctuary objectives, and planning documents.

Oversize maps and plans include a 1979 map, saltbox house plans and elevations, and a geographic map of Nantucket.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 13-20
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1979
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 21-22
Inventory of flora and fauna, 1979-1983
OS Box 1Folder 7
Oversize maps and plans, 1975-1979

W. Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1954-1987

Led by the Marblehead Neck Improvement Society, in 1953 local residents purchased 16 acres of land in Marblehead and raised an endowment, then gifted the land to Mass Audubon. The sanctuary is managed by the Ipswich River Sanctuary. Records consists of a 1954 Bulletin reprint describing the property and a 1987 pamphlet, "Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary: A Birder's Paradise."

Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 22

X. Moose Hill Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1903-2010

Mass Audubon's first wildlife sanctuary and one of the first private wildlife sanctuaries in the United States, Moose Hill is located on over 1,900 acres in Sharon. Mass Audubon director George W. Field donated his 225-acre estate for use as the Sharon Bird Sanctuary in 1916, and Mass Audubon hired noted ornithologist Harry G. Higbee in 1918 as a resident warden. This land was used as a sanctuary until 1922, when Mass Audubon purchased the adjoining property of Frederick H. Briggs and moved the sanctuary and headquarters to this site. Over the years, additional gifts and purchases included the farm of Leonard Lorenzo Billings, donated to Mass Audubon by his step-daughter Laura S. Fiske in his memory; a large parcel funded in part by a grant from the Environmental Preservation Support Trust; land donated by the Kendall family; land purchased from Moose Hill Realty Trust; and land from the farm of Dr. Walter Griffyn and the Griffyn Trust. Mass Audubon forged a partnership with the town of Sharon, which purchased a conservation restriction for the property through town meeting funds and a grant from the Massachusetts Division of Conservation Services.

Records in this series include administrative records, subject files, ornithological records, printed material, and photographs.

i. Administrative records, 1903-2006

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This subseries includes land records such as property deeds, lists of acquired property, valuations, votes to authorize land purchases, conservation restrictions, and leases. A "Real Estate Book," 1922-1944, includes both Moose Hill and Plum Island real estate transactions, alterations, repairs, and insurance costs.

Monthly and annual reports were written by sanctuary superintendents and are only sporadically represented in the collection. Early reports (1919-1923) primarily contain information about birding activities, while later reports (1960s-1990s) discuss programs, membership, education, camps, staff, buildings, and other topics of day-to-day sanctuary management.

Included in sanctuary correspondence is a lengthy series of letters (1923-1924) between superintendent Harry Higbee and directors Winthrop Packard and Francis Allen concerning negotiations with the Field family over sanctuary land, including photographs. Also included is correspondence and memos from the 1970s through 2000 between sanctuary staff, Mass Audubon directors, members, and neighbors, largely related to the daily operations of the sanctuary.

Planning documents include surveys and maintenance plans, development plans for capital improvements, annual plans and goals, and other management plans. The bulk of grants and proposals found in this series relate to the Kendall Foundation (1977-1997), including correspondence, memos, proposals, and grant reports. Also found here are records of the sanctuary advisory committee and design review committee.

Carton 55SH17XV VFolders 1-6
Deeds and land records, 1903-2001
Carton 55SH17XV VFolders 7-18
Monthly and annual reports, 1919-2000
Carton 55SH17XV VFolders 19-24
Correspondence and memos, 1924-2006
Carton 55SH17XV VFolders 25-30
Planning documents, 1970-2000
Carton 55SH17XV VFolders 31-37
Grants and proposals, 1977-2002
Carton 55SH17XV VFolder 38
Committee records, 1978-1996
Carton 55SH17XV VFolder 39
Miscellaneous, 1959-1995

ii. Subject files, 1903-2002

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Subject files are organized as originally filed in sanctuary offices. Included are files related to specific parcels of land, such as Allen's Ledge, the Griffyn property, the Kendall property, and Wolomolopog Pond; a 1988 biological inventory of the sanctuary; and files related to the history of Moose Hill, including Harry Higbee's "A Bird Paradise," David Clapp's "Notes from Moose Hill," and historical material photocopied from an early 20th-century scrapbook.

Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 1-2
Allen's Ledge, 1938-1948
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 3
Amphibian migration, 2002
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 4-7
"Biological Inventory," 1988
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 8
Boston Edison, 1950-1988
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 9
Brockton Audubon Society, 1999
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 10
Clapp, David. "Notes from Moose Hill," ca. 1975
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 11
Fact sheets and general information, undated
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 12
Geologic Mapping Project, 1986
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 13-15
Griffyn property, 1986-1995
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 16
Higbee, Harry. "A Bird's Paradise," ca. 1920
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 17
Historical materials (photocopies), 1903-1939
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 18-20
Kendall property, 1931-1940
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 21
Neponset River Watershed Council, 1987-1990
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 22-23
School programs, 1992
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 24
Wolomolopog Pond, 1977-1980

iii. Ornithological records, 1964-1968

Arranged chronologically.

This series consists of reports and lists related to bird counts conducted in February 1964-1968.

Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 25-28

iv. Printed material, 1933-2010

Arranged chronologically by record type.

The bulk of this series is a nearly complete run of newsletters and program brochures from 1977 to 2010, describing seasonal programs and activities in the sanctuary. Other printed material consists of sanctuary brochures, trail maps, articles, newspaper clippings, a 1923 map of the Moose Hill property, and a privately printed pamphlet about the life of George W. Field.

Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 29
Articles and newspaper clippings, 1933-1996
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 30-32
Trail maps and sanctuary brochures, 1935-1998
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 33
Wilson, J. Walter. George Wilton Field, 1863-1938: A Pioneer Conservationist, 1968
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 34
Event flyers, ca. 1976-2002
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 35-52
Newsletters and program brochures, 1977-2010
OS Box 5
Plans and maps, 1923-1979
OS Box 1Folder 8
Plans and maps, 1979-1989
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folders 53-54
Day Camp brochures, 1959-2010
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 55
Miscellaneous printed material, undated, 1933-1935

v. Photographs, ca. 1916-1992

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 56
Outbuildings, ca. 1916-1940
Carton 56SH17FP 7Folder 57
Butterfly garden, 1992

Y. Museum of American Bird Art, 1984-2020

The Museum of American Bird Art, formerly Mass Audubon's Visual Arts Center, is a professional art museum that houses an extensive collection of natural history art and photography and is located on the site of the 124-acre Mildred Morse Allen Wildlife Sanctuary in Canton. It opened in 1999 as a bequest to Mass Audubon from natural history artist and film-maker Mildred Morse Allen (1903-1989) and was formerly her estate. Records consist of administrative records and printed material.

See also Series V.C., the records of Morse-Allen, Inc., the corporation held by Mildred Morse Allen and her husband George Lockwood Allen under which her lithographic prints and nature films were produced.

i. Administrative records, 1984-2017

Arranged chronologically.

Administrative records consist of correspondence and memos related to the donation of the Allen property and its subsequent bequest; mission statements of the Mildred Morse Allen Center; a 2010 strategic plan for the Visual Arts Center; a 2016 charter and collections management policy for the Museum of American Bird Art; and annual reports from 2010, 2014, 2015, and 2017.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 23-24

ii. Printed material, 1992-2020

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Printed material includes exhibition invitations, newsletters, program guides, newspaper clippings, article reprints, and fundraising literature.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 25-26
Exhibit invitations, 1996-2020
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 27-29
Newsletters and program guides, 1998-2006
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 30
Miscellaneous printed material, 1992-2019

Z. Nahant Thicket Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1949-1990

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Consisting of four acres of red maple swamp along the coastline of Nahant, Nahant Thicket was originally known as Maple Swamp. It was acquired by Mass Audubon in 1950 through Richard D. Fay and Henry H. Perry. Administrative records in this series include general correspondence, sanctuary advisory committee records, memos related to daily management of the sanctuary, and correspondence with neighbors concerning parking and boundary issues. Several newspaper clippings contain information about sanctuary programs.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 31-32

North Hill Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary (see South Shore Sanctuaries)

North River Wildlife Sanctuary (see South Shore Sanctuaries)

AA. Oak Knoll Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1991-2019

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

This sanctuary originated in 1994 as the Attleboro Environmental Program before becoming the Oak Knoll Wildlife Center in 1997, when Mass Audubon received a donation of 46 acres of land in Attleboro. This series contains administrative records related to MassAudubon proposals to establish an environmental center in Attleboro. Printed material includes newsletters, program guides, and miscellaneous records that date from the organization's founding, chronicling the development of the sanctuary.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 33
Administrative records, 1991-1992
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 34-38
Printed material, 1994-2019

BB. Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1928-2019

Pleasant Valley is situated on over 1,300 acres in Lenox. The sanctuary originated in 1929 when Mary Parsons, Bishop Thomas Davies, and other members of the Lenox Garden Club purchased the Powell family farmstead to create Pleasant Valley Sanctuary, Inc. Early directors Maurice Broun, Morris Pell, George Wallace, and later Alvah W. Sanborn led the sanctuary's activities, including the construction of exhibits and nature trails, a beaver pond, development of nature classes for public schools in western Massachusetts, and a summer nature camp. Lacking financial support, in June 1950 the board decided to turn over the sanctuary and its assets to Mass Audubon. Shortly thereafter, the sanctuary added the Trailside Museum to the property.

Canoe Meadows, located in Pittsfield along the Housatonic River, was acquired by Mass Audubon in 1976. It joined with Pleasant Valley in 1980 to create the Berkshire Sanctuaries, sharing the same director and administrative facilities. Their joint administrative records and correspondence are included in this series, as are separate Canoe Meadows records created before 1980. Also in this series are subject files, ornithological records, printed material, and photographs.

i. Administrative records, 1928-1997

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

This series contains board of directors' records including meeting minutes, reports to the board from the warden (later director) of the sanctuary, committee reports, by-laws, and educational activity reports. After 1950, when the sanctuary ownership shifted to Mass Audubon, the board became the Sanctuary Advisory Committee.

Financial records include accounts, receipts, and reports of routine sanctuary expenses, as well as a journal of gifts and admission fees kept from 1961 to 1973. Correspondence largely consists of letters between the board or advisory committee and the sanctuary director, patrons, vendors, and benefactors. Annual and monthly reports appear sporadically, and those dating before 1950 are included in the board of directors meeting minutes.

Barn Restaurant records consist of a guest book, account book, checking account records, and tax records related to a restaurant run at the sanctuary in the early 1960s. Other administrative records in this series include deeds; press releases; and planning documents such as sanctuary master plans, feasibility studies, and capital campaign plans.

Carton 57SH17Y2 3Folders 1-26
Board and Advisory Committee records, 1928-1991
Carton 57SH17Y2 3Folders 27-28
Deeds and land records, 1929-1976
Carton 57SH17Y2 3Folders 29-37
Financial records, 1930-1973
Carton 57SH17Y2 3Folders 38-58
Correspondence, 1940-1952
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folders 1-10
Correspondence, 1953-1997
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folders 11-17
Barn Restaurant records, 1961-1965
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 18
Annual and monthly reports, 1965-1991
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 19
Press releases, 1976-1977
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 20
Planning documents, 1986-1988
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 21
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1945-1987

ii. Subject files, 1929-1995

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

This series includes early records such as a daily diary of sanctuary activities kept by warden Maurice Pell in 1929, Pell's 1932 journal describing his establishment of a beaver colony at Pleasant Valley, and historical essays by sanctuary founders Mary Parsons and Bishop Thomas Davies. Other records concern educational and environmental projects conducted by sanctuary staff, as well as an inventory and record of the sale of antique furniture and a "museum collection" donated to the sanctuary in 1965. A large body of records relate to a 1970s proposal by the state to locate a reservoir on 55 acres of sanctuary property and Mass Audubon's efforts to deter it. These include correspondence, reports, meeting minutes, notes, and newspaper clippings.

Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folders 22-23
Bluebird project, 1981-1983
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 24
Conservation Services Center-Berkshire branch, 1968-1970
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 25
Daily diary, 1929
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 26
Education and outreach, 1950-1995
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 27
Field ichthyology, 1978
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 28
"Historical and Present Ecological Aspects of the Vegetation of Pleasant Valley Sanctuary," 1962
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 29
"Historical Chapters from Mary Parson's Notebook," 1933-1977
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 30
Historical research and essays, n.d.
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 31
Insect list, 1967
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folders 32-35
"The Log of the Pleasant Valley Beaver Colony," 1932
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folders 36-43
Museum collection, 1962-1966
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folders 44-46
Plant list, 1938-1940
Carton 58SH17Y3 4Folder 47
Register of visitors, 1941-1943
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folders 1-13
Reservoir proposal, 1966-1981
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folder 14
Trail guides, udnated
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folder 15
"Use of Trails at Pleasant Valley," 1977

iii. Canoe Meadows Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1973-1996

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Located on 264 acres in Pittsfield, Canoe Meadows became a Mass Audubon property in 1976. Records in this subseries primarily relate to the inventory, acquisition, and development of the sanctuary. Administrative records include correspondence and steering committee meeting minutes; planning documents include environmental analyses, master plans, recommendations for development, education plans, an archaeological survey, an ecological management plan, and design plans for a visitors center. The Workbook for Sanctuary Planning contains information about the geology, vegetation, and history of Canoe Meadows, as well as lists of objectives, plans for future use, educational program goals, physical plans, and financial plans. A photographic presentation and newspaper clippings related to the property's acquisition are also found here.

Additional administrative records related to Canoe Meadows may be found within the Pleasant Valley administrative records, specifically within correspondence and advisory committee records.

Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folders 16-22
Administrative records, 1973-1990
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folders 23-29
Planning documents, 1975-1996
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folders 30-34
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1979-1980
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folder 35
Photo essay, [1975]
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folder 36
Newspaper clippings, 1968-1977
Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folder 37
Brochures, 1982-1994
OS Box 1Folder 3
Plans and maps, undated

iv. Ornithological records, 1929-1982

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries includes 1929-1930 bird-banding records by species, cards containing species reports from 1929 to 1945, a 1931 volume of bird records kept by warden Maurice Broun, three volumes of bird records kept by director Morris Pell from 1933 to 1935, bird records and daily bird lists kept by director George J. Wallace from 1938 to 1940, 1946 species reports, check lists, daily field cards kept by director Alvah Sanborn, and first sightings lists from 1977 to 1982 reported primarily by Marilyn Flor.

Carton 59SH17Y4 5Folders 38-56
Banding records, 1929-1930
Carton 60SH17Y5 6Folders 1-31
Bird lists, 1929-1946
Carton 60SH17Y5 6Folder 32
First sightings lists, 1977-1982

v. Printed material, 1929-2019

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Included in this subseries are articles about Pleasant Valley reprinted from the Bulletin; pamphlets including the 1940 and 1941 editions of Pleasant Valley, which contain essays about the history and nature of the sanctuary; newspaper clippings; program guides listing classes, activities, and events held by the sanctuary, the bulk from 1978 to 1990; brochures and trail maps; and newsletters of the Berkshire Sanctuaries from Spring 1983 and from 1991 to 2001.

See also the Pleasant Valley Sanctuary scrapbooks for additional newspaper clippings and other printed material.

Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folder 1
Articles and reprints, 1929-1979
Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folders 2-3A
Pamphlets, 1930-1992
Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folders 4-9
Newspaper clippings, 1932-2008
Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folders 10-15A
Program guides, 1949-1990, 2002
Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folders 16-17
Brochures and trail maps, 1929-2000
Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folders 17A-24
Newsletters, 1983-2001
Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folder 24A
Miscellaneous printed material, 1996-2019

vi. Photographs, 1929-2000

Arranged chronologically or alphabetically by subject.

This series contains a large number of photographs taken at or related to Pleasant Valley and Canoe Meadows sanctuaries. Photographs of the two sanctuaries are organized separately by date. Undated photographs have been organized alphabetically by subject.

Carton 61SH17Y6 7Folders 25-51
Pleasant Valley dated photographs, 1929-1994

Pleasant Valley undated photographs

Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 1-3
Artifacts and exhibits
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 4-6
Barn
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 7-9
Beaver activity
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 10-11
Birds
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 12-19
Day camp
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 20-21
House (headquarters)
Carton 62SH17KW JFolder 22
Museum
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 23-29
People
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 30-38
Views
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 39-49
Canoe Meadows dated photographs, 1932-2000

Canoe Meadows undated photographs

Carton 62SH17KW JFolder 50
Bridge near dam
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 51-53
East Pond
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 54-55
Observation building
Carton 62SH17KW JFolder 56
Sacket Brook
Carton 62SH17KW JFolder 57
Service road
Carton 62SH17KW JFolder 58
Structures
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 59-61
Views
Carton 62SH17KW JFolder 62
West Pond

vii. Scrapbooks, 1929-1981

Arranged chronologically.

Albums in this subseries consist largely of newspaper clippings from the Berkshire Eagle related to Pleasant Valley, along with occasional brochures, programs, and other printed material. Volumes labeled "scrapbooks" also contain a few letters, reports, and meeting minutes. Two albums contain copies of the Berkshire Eagle newspaper column "Our Berkshires," written in 1940-1941 by various authors, including Pleasant Valley director George J. Wallace.

Carton 63SH17Y7 8Vol. 31
Publicity scrapbook, 1929-1941
Carton 63SH17Y7 8Vol. 32
"Our Berkshires" articles, 1940
Carton 62SH17KW JFolders 63-64
"Our Berkshires" articles, 1941
SH 17IN 8Vol. 33
Scrapbook, 1942-1957
Carton 63SH17Y7 8Vol. 34
Newspaper clippings, 1960-1969
Carton 63SH17Y7 8Vol. 35
Scrapbook, 1969-1973
Carton 63SH17Y7 8Vol. 36
Newspaper clippings, 1969-1980
Carton 63SH17Y7 8Vol. 37
Newspaper clippings, 1980-1981

CC. Rutland Brook Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1916- ca. 1974

Rutland Brook Sanctuary is located on 1,500 acres in Petersham. It includes land originally owned by Charles L. Allen and later Mary Norton Allen of Petersham.

i. Administrative records, ca. 1974

Administrative records include an undated annual report, an undated topographical map, and a ca. 1974 list of goals for the sanctuary.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 39

ii. Allen family camp records, 1916-1965

Records relate to the land and buildings owned by the Allen family that eventually became part of Rutland Brook Sanctuary. They include correspondence, accounts, and plans for the construction of the kitchen house, caretaker's house, and a dam on the property, as well as landscaping accounts and plans, and correspondence concerning damages to the property from 1938 and 1953 tornadoes.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 40-47
Records,1916-1965
OS Box 1Folder 7
Plans and elevations, 1922-1938
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 48
Photograph of Charles L. Allen, undated

DD. Sampson's Island Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1953-1977

Arranged chronologically.

Located on 16 acres off the coast of Cotuit, Sampson's Island is an important breeding ground for terns. Previously leased to Mass Audubon in the 1940s, it was gifted to the Society by Harry L. Bailey in 1953 and is managed by Mass Audubon's Coastal Waterbird Program.

Items in this series include a letter acknowledging Mass Audubon's receipt of the property deed in May 1953, the sanctuary warden's reports for the 1963 and 1965 summer seasons, a 1964 newspaper article, and a 1977 list of birds on the island.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 49

EE. South Shore Sanctuaries records, 1964-2009

Records of the South Shore Sanctuaries include those of: Daniel Webster Wildlife Sanctuary, 506 acres in Marshfield on the site of the former Dwyer farm; North Hill Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary, 137 acres in Duxbury formerly known as Malachi Brook, now jointly owned by Mass Audubon and the town of Duxbury; North River Wildlife Sanctuary, 184 acres in Marshfield; and South Shore Natural Science Center, located on the site of the former Killam-Rogers estate in Marshfield. It also includes records of the former sanctuaries Black Pond Nature Preserve and Stump Brook Wildlife Sanctuary. These sanctuaries were managed by a central office and referred to collectively as the South Shore Sanctuaries. Annual reports, newsletters, and other material were created and issued jointly. Records consist of administrative records, subject files, printed material, and photographs.

i. Administrative records, 1964-1999

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Administrative records include correspondence related to the acquisition and development of Malachi Brook (later North Hill) Wildlife Sanctuary and the sanctuary's relationship with its neighbors and the town of Duxbury. Other records include correspondence related to the acquisition of the North River sanctuary, press releases, and correspondence created in day-to-day sanctuary management. The Workbook for Sanctuary Planning includes plans for the Southeast Regional Center (formerly the Killam-Rogers property) and the North River Wildlife Sanctuary. It contains correspondence related to its construction, planning reports, historical essays, photos and schematics of the estate, an environmental education program inventory, sanctuary objectives, programming goals and plans, construction plans, and town permits. Also included are monthly and quarterly reports for the combined South Shore sanctuaries.

Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 23-25
General administrative records, 1964-1987
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 26-32
Monthly and quarterly reports, 1979-1999
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 33-41
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1979-1980

ii. Subject files, 1964-1998

Arranged alphabetically.

Subject files largely relate to individual properties and sanctuaries managed under the South Shore Sanctuaries, and their predecessor organizations and reflect the original filing order.

Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 42-43
Black Pond, 1974-1985
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 44
Daniel Webster Wildlife Sanctuary, 1979-1986
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 45-46
Killam-Rogers estate (Southeast Regional Center), 1978-1980
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folders 47-51
North Hill Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary, 1964-1990
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 52
North River Wildlife Sanctuary, 1998
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 53
South Shore Natural Science Center, 1985-1992
Carton 67SH 17FN 5Folder 54
Stump Brook, 1997

iii. Printed material, 1977-2009

Arranged chronologically by record type.

The bulk of printed material consists of newsletters and program guides, with a gap between 2006 and 2009. The series also contains program and event flyers, newspaper clippings, and a South Shore Sanctuaries brochure.

Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 1-10
Newsletters and program guides, 1982-2009
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 11
Event flyers, 1989-1999
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 12
Miscellaneous printed material, 1977-1988

iv. Photographs, 1979-1992

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 13
Black Pond, 1979
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 14-16
Dwyer Farm (Daniel Webster), 1983
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 17
Duxbury Beach family program, 1992

FF. Stony Brook Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1938-2009

Opened in 1964, Stony Brook is located on 116 acres in Norfolk adjoining Bristol Blake State Reservation. Documents include administrative records, records related to fishing regulations and disputes, printed materials, and photographs.

i. Administrative records, 1938-1995

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Administrative records contain the 1938 correspondence of property owner Bennet Bristol with his lawyer and Mass Audubon concerning the property deed and legal restrictions on the land and lakes within it. Other administrative records, which date from the early 1960s, include correspondence related to the potential closing of the sanctuary in 1978; planning records; programming information; a 1990 land management agreement with the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management; internal memos; and a Centennial Project case study. Also included here are annual reports and a 1974 ten-year review of sanctuary operations.

Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 18-20
General administrative records, 1938-1995
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 21-25
Annual reports, 1965-1985
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 26
Ten-year review, 1974

ii. Fishing regulations and disputes, 1965-1974

Arranged chronologically.

Records in this subseries relate to Mass Audubon efforts to restrict fishing in sanctuary ponds, in accordance with the wishes of the former owner. They include correspondence between Mass Audubon, the Department of Natural Resources, the Division of Fisheries and Game, and the donor, as well as a copy of the 1973 state regulation enforcing these restrictions.

Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 27-30

iii. Printed material, 1963-2009

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Printed material includes brochures and trail maps; newspaper clippings, newsletters and program guides (with a gap between 2006 and 2009), several brochures, program flyers, field guides, bird lists, and an undated booklet entitled Stony Brook's Past.

Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 30A
Brochures and trail maps, 1963-1997
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 31
Newspaper clippings, 1964-1993
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 32-41
Newsletters and program guides, 1972-2009
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 42-43
Miscellaneous printed material, 1966-2003

iv. Photographs, 1957-1964

This series contains one 1957 and numerous 1964 photographs of Stony Brook's Day Camp staff and campers, as well as various views of the sanctuary. Several loose pages of a scrapbook contain photos and text that describe the sanctuary.

Carton 68Folders 44-45SH 17L1 W

GG. Straitsmouth Island Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1981-2020

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Straitsmouth Island is owned by Mass Audubon, although the island's lighthouse and a small piece of land are owned and maintained by the town of Rockport. The island was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987, and visitors were allowed on the island beginning in 2019. Records include a 1981 application to and certificate from the National Register of Historic Places, newsclippings, newsletters from 2019 and 2020, and photographs of the island before and after 1998 storm damage.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 50
National Register records, 1981
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 51
Printed material, 1996-2020
Carton 117SH 1A1CFolder 52
Photographs, 1981-1998

HH. Tidmarsh Wildlife Sanctuary records, 2014-2018

Arranged chronologically.

Located in Plymouth, Tidmarsh Farms Wildlife Sanctuary contains 481 acres of cold water streams, ponds, forest, and woodlands. Once a working cranberry farm, it underwent a large freshwater ecological restoration and opened to the public in 2018. Records consist of printed material including periodical and newspaper articles, fundraising material, program invitations, and a 2018 calendar.

Carton 117SH 1A1CFolders 53-54

II. Wachusett Meadow Wildlife Sanctuary records, 1956-2017

Acquired by Mass Audubon in 1956, Wachusett Meadow contains 1,200 acres in Princeton. A gift of Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Crocker, the property included 633 acres of woodland, an inn, and a main house built in 1786 by Edward Goodnow that remained in the Goodnow family for several generations. Documents in this series include administrative records, records related to the history of the property, and printed material.

i. Administrative records, 1965-1999

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Administrative records consist of annual and quarterly reports, a 1970 file containing statistics on visitors to the sanctuary and correspondence related to sanctuary visits, 1970 advisory committee meeting minutes, a 1983 fact sheet, and a 1998 annual operating plan. The Workbook for Sanctuary Planning also includes information about the Flat Rock Wildlife Sanctuary. It contains geographic and demographic statistics for each city and town in its service area, and a 1980 environmental education planning project.

Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolders 46-54
Annual and quarterly reports, 1965-1999
Carton 68SH 17L1 WFolder 55
Visitor correspondence and statistics, 1970
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 1-6
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1983
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 7
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1970-1997

ii. History of the property, 1956-1984

Arranged chronologically.

Records in this file include reports and historical research on the Goodnow Farm, Wachusett Meadow, and its environs.

Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 8

iii. Printed material, 1956-2017

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Printed material includes property plans, newsletters and program guides, trail maps, a 1956 article about Wachusetts Meadow, newspaper clippings, a bird checklist, brochures, and a 1996 booklet entitled Wachusett Meadow: Land and People. After 2001, newsletters were combined with Broad Meadow Brook Conservation Center and Wildlife Sanctuary, and they are filed with Broad Meadow's newsletters.

OS Box 1Folder 10
Property plans, 1958
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 9-17
Newsletters and program guides, 1970-2001
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 18
Brochures and trail maps, 1958-1997
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 19
Miscellaneous printed material, 1956-2017

JJ. Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary records, ca. 1958-2019

Acquired by Mass Audubon in 1958, Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary contains 1,100 acres in South Wellfleet. Part of the sanctuary was originally the Oliver L. Austin Ornithological Research Station, established in 1930, where Oliver L. Austin, Sr. and his son Oliver L. Austin, Jr. banded over 650,000 common terns and wrote scientific papers. When Austin, Sr. died in 1957, Mass Audubon launched a campaign to purchase the land and save the 340 acres of salt marsh from development. The Austins's comprehensive ornithological records were transferred to Mass Audubon along with the purchase of the research station and its land.

Documents in this series include administrative records, plant and wildlife studies, subject files, printed material, scrapbooks, and photographs. See also Series IV.C., the records of the Austin Ornithological Research Station.

i. Administrative records, 1958-2013

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Records in this series include correspondence, several annual reports, a 1958 history of the Austin Ornithological Research Station, and a 1985 planning summary. The Workbook for Sanctuary Planning contains a planning overview, history of the site, correspondence, property inventory, archaeological survey, environmental education market survey, educational goals, budget estimates, architectural and landscape plans, personnel plans, and maps.

Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 20-21
Annual reports, 1965-2013
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 22-26
Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1984-1985
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 27
Miscellaneous administrative records, 1958-1990

ii. Plant and wildlife studies and inventories, 1977-1984

Arranged chronologically.

Inventories and studies include a 1983 preliminary study of the mammals living in the sanctuary, a 1983 heath community study, a 1984 Lepidoptera study, and an undated inventory of the sanctuary's flora.

Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 28-30

iii. Subject files, 1971-1990

Arranged alphabetically.

Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 31
Education and programming, ca. 1973-1990
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 32
Field reports on waterfowl disasters, 1971
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 33-34
Report of Wellfleet Bay Archaeological Field School, 1986-1987
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 35-38
Sunken Meadow beach construction, 1972-1977

iv. Printed material, 1959-2019

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 39
Monomoy Wilderness, 1972
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolders 40-44
Brochures and information sheets, 1959-2004
Carton 69SH 17L2 XFolder 45-46
Trail maps and guides, 1959-1994
Carton 76SH 17FQ 8Folders 1-17
Newsletters and program guides, 1985-2009

Includes a complete set from 1985 to 2006, with a gap between 2006 and 2009.

Carton 76SH 17FQ 8Folder 18
Miscellaneous printed material, 1960-2019

v. Scrapbooks, ca. 1958-ca. 1965

Arranged chronologically.

Two scrapbooks consist of typewritten paragraphs, photographs, and other illustrations. The first, compiled ca. 1958, gives a brief history of the property and illustrates the goals for purchasing and developing the sanctuary. The second, compiled ca. 1965, offers an illustrated overview of the sanctuary.

Carton 76SH 17FQ 8Folders 19-20

vi. Photographs, ca. 1988-1989

Photographs depict the "Cape Cod from the Bottom Up Oceanography Cruise."

Carton 76SH 17FQ 8Folder 21

KK. Wildwood Overnight Camp records, 1955-1999

Wildwood is Mass Audubon's residential camping program. It is included in this series because the Sanctuary Department routinely included Wildwood in its planning, organization, and budget. Opened in 1948 at Cook's Canyon Wildlife Sanctuary in Barre, it moved in the 1990s to Camp Collier in Gardner on Lake Wampanoag, a property owned by the Monadnock Trust. In 2001, the camp moved to Rindge, New Hampshire on the shores of Hubbard Pond. Records include a 1979 Workbook for Sanctuary Planning and various printed materials.

i. Workbook for Sanctuary Planning, 1979-1980

Thw workbook contains staff memos related to the continuation of camp programming, a study on the camp's future, a marketing survey, meeting notes, and camp schematics.

Carton 76SH 17FQ 8Folders 22-24

ii. Printed material, 1955-1999

Arranged chronologically.

Printed material includes article reprints, brochures, a 1961 book of Wildwood camp songs, and a 1999 brochure of camp programs.

Carton 76SH 17FQ 8Folder 25

LL. Worcester County Program Office records, 1985-1994

Arranged chronologically.

Originally known as the Central Sanctuaries Program Office, the department was located in the sanctuary residence at Lincoln Woods Wildlife Sanctuary in Leominster. It developed programs and educational services for schools and other groups, both within Worcester County sanctuaries and on other sites. Records include quarterly reports, correspondence, memos, reports, and teachers' guides.

Carton 75SH 17KT GFolders 28-30

MM. Other Mass Audubon land records, 1953-1999

Arranged alphabetically.

i. Barney's Joy, 1967-1980

Barney's Joy is an approximately 156-acre parcel of land that was donated to Mass Audubon with a conservation restriction in 1971. Records consist of correspondence and memos between Mass Audubon director Allen Morgan and staff, property donors Angelica L. Russell and D. Lloyd MacDonald, and Massachusetts state agencies. The bulk of the correspondence is related to the property's conservation restriction.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folders 26-27

ii. Brockton Audubon Society land, 1999

Records consist of a natural resources inventory and analysis of Brockton Audubon Society land in Brockton prepared for Mass Audubon in 1999.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 28

iii. Mongan residence, 1965-1966

Records of the Mongan residence in Rockport consist of owners' records of the property (largely correspondence between the owners and architects), as well as specifications for an addition to the house and related plans.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 29

iv. Norman's Woe, 1966-1991

Norman's Woe is a 27.5-acre parcel of land and buildings in Gloucester that was a bequest to Mass Audubon from the estates of Charles Russell Codman and Theodora D. Codman. Administrative records include the 1966 will of Theodora Codman; correspondence between Mass Audubon and the donors; internal memos and correspondence; legal correspondence related to the bequest and the use of the land; records related to the development of the land as a wildlife sanctuary; and several bills and accounts related to the management of the property. Also included is a 1981 annual report.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folders 30-34

v. Popponessett Split, 1953-1976

Popponessett Split is open space in the town of Mashpee that was donated to Mass Audubon in 1954. Records include correspondence related to the donation, a map of the property, a copy of the transfer of title, and newspaper clippings. 1976 records consist of correspondence between Mass Audubon and the town of Mashpee regarding a conservation restriction for the property, a draft of the conservation restriction, and correspondence discussing the return of the property to Mashpee.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folders 35-36

vi. Rocky Knoll Nature Center, 1955-1974

Donated to Mass Audubon in 1955 by trustees of the Henry B. Martin Fund and Eleanor P. Martin, Rocky Knoll consisted of a 19th-century house and a woodland tract in Milton. It became the educational headquarters of Mass Audubon until 1957, when administrative offices moved to Drumlin Farm. Records consist of annual reports for the years 1971, 1972, and 1974; a 1955 program guide; and a 1958 brochure.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 37

vii. Salt Pond, 1955-1990

Salt Pond in Falmouth was managed by Salt Pond Area Bird Sanctuaries, who gave the title to Mass Audubon in 1962. In 1974, Mass Audubon returned the land to Salt Pond Area Bird Sanctuaries with the condition of a preservation restriction. Records include bird counts; correspondence and memos related to incorporating Salt Pond Area Bird Sanctuaries; correspondence and reports of the Salt Pond committee; correspondence between Mass Audubon and the Salt Pond committee concerning the management of Salt Pond; a copy of the transfer of title; deeds; annual reports (with gaps); mortgage loan documents; appeals; and hearings. Also included are maps and plans of Salt Pond and various landholdings, as well as several newspaper clippings about the property.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folders 38-43
Administrative records, 1955-1990
Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 44
Maps and plans, 1958-1975
Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 45
Newspaper clippings, 1961-1971

viii. Tern Island, 1962-1966

Mass Audubon acquired Tern Island in Chatham when it merged with the Federation of Bird Clubs of New England in 1936. The island was then one of the most important tern nesting areas along the east coast and was part of the Oliver L. Austin Ornithological Research Station (AORS) program. Records consist of Mass Audubon correspondence related to dredging and fill operations on the island.

See also Series IV. C., the records of the Austin Ornithological Research Station, which include studies conducted on Tern Island.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 46

ix. Tick Thicket, 1972-1986

This folder contains correspondence and field reports about Tick Thicket, a property in West Falmouth donated to Mass Audubon by the Iddings family. Tick Thicket was managed by Ashumet Holly Wildlife Sanctuary before Mass Audubon turned the property over to the Salt Pond Area Bird Sanctuaries in 1990.

Carton 76SH17FQ 8Folder 47

III. Histories and historical material, 1916-2009

A. Historical material, 1916-1996

Arranged chronologically.

This series contains two scrapbooks of printed material produced by Mass Audubon including program announcements; membership solicitations and renewals; advertisements for bird charts and calendars; Bulletins; lecture tickets; the Common Birds series of pamphlets and other early publications, including Outdoor Bird Study (1921) and The Utility of Birds (1924) by Edward H. Forbush; and other educational and promotional material. Loose material includes 1897 and 1923 membership certificates, a 1967 biographical pamphlet about John James Audubon, and a 1996 letter and historical material concerning Mass Audubon's founding and its relationship to the town of Brookline. Also here are several certificates and proclamations from the U.S. Secretary of the Interior, governor of Massachusetts and other organizations recognizing the service of Mass Audubon.

See also the Allen H. Morgan papers for historical material that Morgan collected as research for his unpublished history of Mass Audubon.

Carton 118SH 1B4TFolders 1-15
Scrapbook, 1916-1925
OS Box 2
Scrapbook, 1921-1947
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 16
Loose historical material, 1947-1996
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 16A
Certificates and proclamations, 1954-1989
OS Box 3Folder 1
Certificates and proclamations, 1949-1984

B. Mass Audubon histories, 1921-2009

Arranged chronologically.

This series contains an outline of Mass Audubon history, a 1958 letter of Audubon remembrances, and several undated historical essays, timelines, and sketches. Also included are a series of published and unpublished histories of Mass Audubon, and several college theses.

Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 17
Winthrop Packard, "The Story of the Audubon Society," 1921
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolders 18-21
Essays, timelines, and notes, 1935-1995
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 22
Francis H. Allen, "History of Massachusetts Audubon Society" draft, ca. 1957
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 23
Allen H. Morgan, "Massachusetts Audubon Society: a brief history," 1963-1974
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 24
Richard K. Walton, "Massachusetts Audubon Society 1896-1921: the first twenty-five years," 1986
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 25
Jennifer Price, "When Women Were Women, Men Were Men, and Birds Were Hats: gender roles and the formation of the Audubon Societies at the turn of the century," 1989
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolders 26-29
Amy C. Derry, "The Stylized Tern: ninety-six years of environmental activism at the Massachusetts Audubon Society," 1992
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 30
Video script, "A Century of Conservation: Massachusetts Audubon Society centennial video," 1995
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 31
John H. Mitchell, "The Mothers of Conservation," Sanctuary, 1996
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 32
Richard K. Walton, "A History of Massachusetts Audubon Society from 1896 into the 1950s," 1997
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 33
John J. Galluzzo, Mass Audubon, 2005
Carton 118SH 1B4TFolder 34
Richard K. Walton and William E. Davis, "Massachusetts Audubon Society: the first sixty years," ca. 2009

IV. Ornithological records, 1880-1984

This series includes records of birding activities that were compiled by Mass Audubon, including bird checklists, summaries, and surveys; records related to the compilation of the Massachusetts Breeding Bird Atlas; monthly field notes; public service announcements; and a bird specimen accession register. Also in this series are personal birding records donated to or collected by Mass Audubon, including those of Francis H. Allen, E. D. Boardman, Norman Winslow Hall, A. C. Dyke, John B. May, and Allen Morgan. This series also includes the records of the Oliver L. Austin Ornithological Research Station, which contain over 30 years of tern research and reports in Wellfleet, Tern Island, and other areas of Cape Cod.

See also Series I.J.i., the Mass Audubon Scientific Staff/Conservation Science Department Tern Conservation Program records.

A. Mass Audubon records, 1932-1984

Arranged chronologically by record type.

Bird checklists include annual lists for the years 1932, 1949-1950, and 1954, containing the number, location, and time of bird spottings submitted by members from across the state. Additional checklists were completed on Audubon Day in early May. Checklist summaries are compilations of members' birding checklists written annually in narrative form.

The Massachusetts Breeding Bird Atlas was a cooperative project of Massachusetts Division of Fish and Game and Mass Audubon that lists the species, habitat, and nesting dates of Massachusetts birds. Records include a few newsletters, lists of species, and checklists.

Monthly field notes for eastern and western Massachusetts are official Audubon records listing observations, weather, spottings, and events. Public service information notices include bulletins for rare bird alerts, bird programs, and bird observer announcements. The bird specimen accession register (1952-1957) documents the popular and scientific name of each bird specimen held by Mass Audubon, as well as its locality, collector, date collected, source, accession date, and remarks. It includes previously acquired birds dating from 1877-1905 collected by Dr. Harris Kennedy through the Children's Museum, as well as later specimens. Also here are surveys on the Cardinal Tufted Titmouse and Nighthawk migration, and the 1973 "Birder's Kit," a compilation of public service announcements, lists of bird club meetings, instructions for building birdhouses, census information and other information of interest to Massachusetts birders.

Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolders 1-7
Yearly checklists, 1932-1954
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolder 8
Daily field cards, 1952
Carton 90SH 17F7 WVol. 38
Bird specimen accession register, 1952-1957
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolders 9-12
Bird Walk checklists, 1953-1954
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolders 13-14
Cardinal-Tufted Titmouse surveys, 1968-1983
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolders 15-16
Checklist summary, 1971-1981
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolders 17-20
"Birder's Kit," 1973
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolder 21
Public service information, 1973-1983
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolder 22
Massachusetts Breeding Bird Atlas, 1974-1979
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolders 23-38
Monthly field notes for eastern and western Massachusetts, 1974-1984
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolder 39
Nighthawk migration surveys, 1977-1983
Carton 77SH 17F3 SFolder 40
Miscellaneous Mass Audubon ornithological records, 1953-1968

B. Personal birding records, 1880-1980

Arranged chronologically by individual.

i. Francis H. Allen records, 1880-1942

Allen's birding records include 13 birding journals dating from 1880 to 1901. The first four volumes (1880-1884) are boyhood journals that he kept in West Roxbury, Massachusetts. Later volumes are larger and were kept almost daily in West Roxbury, Boston, and Bridgewater, New Hampshire. His records also contain lists of birds he observed from 1881-1889, including those in Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia (1887); Compton, New Hampshire (1888); and various places in Nova Scotia, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, and Massachusetts. Also included are records of migrations observed in West Roxbury and its vicinity (1889-1942). Membership records related to Allen's affiliations with the American Ornithologists' Union and Mass Audubon.

Carton 99SH 17IE %Folders 1-10
Birding journals, 1880-1902
Carton 99SH 17IE %Folder 11
Lists of birds, 1881-1889
Carton 99SH 17IE %Folder 12
Local geographical lists, 1887-1936
Carton 99SH 17IE %Folder 13
Records of migration in West Roxbury, 1889-1942
Carton 99SH 17IE %Folder 14
Membership records, 1888-1901

ii. Unidentified birding journal, 1885-1896

The majority of entries in this unidentified journal were made in California in 1888. Other locations include Cambridge, Massachusetts; San Diego, California; Provincetown, Massachusetts; Ontario; and New York.

Carton 78SH 17FB -Folder 1

iii. Unidentified birding journals, 1892-1948

These three volumes include the anonymous diarist's daily observations by species, as well as lists of eggs and nests.

Carton 78SH 17FB -Folders 2-4

iv. Miss E. D. Boardman birding journals, 1899-1929

These seven volumes contain birding notes and weather observations, primarily from Manchester, Massachusetts. Formatted as page-a-day diaries, with space for multiple years on each page, the daily entries allow the reader to compare birding activity on each day for several years. Numerous newspaper clippings within the journals relate almost exclusively to the weather.

Carton 78SH 17FB -Folders 5-11
1899-1914
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 1-6
1915-1929

v. Norman Winslow Hall birding records, 1910-1954

Hall was a taxidermist and collector who developed two gunning camps at Island Creek in Duxbury. In 1917, he opened a taxidermy shop on Court St. in Boston. His records include "Records of Birds Observed" (1910-1954), a loose-leaf notebook with species listed alphabetically. A collection handbook (1911-1915) lists Hall's collection of birds, animals, birds eggs, insects, etc., as well as cash paid for mounted birds, diagrams for determining male and female birds, labels to be used for mounted specimens, gunning trips, recipes for taxidermy, egg collecting, the value of mounted specimens, and a description of his gunning camp and stand. His "Record of Mounted Birds" (1911-1950) contains two volumes, an original and a copy, which include date, place shot, shooter, mounter, and descriptive remarks.

"Gunning Plans and Shop Design" (1914-1917) contains maps and plans, places hunted, costs, results, and a 1914-1915 gunning diary. It also includes the 1917 designs for his taxidermy office and shop at 4 Court St. in Boston, including furniture, pictures, and bird display cases. Three volumes of "Gunning Stand Records" (1916-1920) contain records of Hall's gunning stand at Island Creek, including a brief history, lists of visiting gunners, certificate of ownership and records of ducks shot in the fall of 1916, 1917, and 1918. Volumes list species, date, shooter, time, wind, and flock remarks. Miscellaneous papers include memos and lists of Hall's mounted collection. Also here are records of Hall's Maine camp from 1947-1950.

Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 7-8
Records of birds observed, 1910-1954
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolder 9
Collection handbook, 1911-1915
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 10-11
Records of mounted birds, 1911-1950
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolder 12
Gunning plans and shop design, 1914-1917
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 13-15
Gunning stand records, 1916-1920
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolder 16
Records of Maine camp, 1947-1950
Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolder 17
Miscellaneous papers, undated

vi. A. C. Dyke birding journals, 1919-1950

Dyke's records consist of five small bound journals describing birds he observed in list or narrative form. Most are observations from Bridgewater, Massachusetts.

Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 18-19

vii. John B. May, "Down the River to Perce" draft, 1949

This unpublished manuscript draft with editorial corrections is subtitled, "Ramblings of a Naturalist on the Gaspe Peninsula in Eastern Quebec." Dr. John Bichard May was the state ornithologist for the Massachusetts Department of Agriculture.

Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 20-26

viii. Allen Morgan birding records, 1949-1980

Morgan's birding records largely consist of census lists for birds in the Sudbury Valley, both for specific dates and by yearly comparison. Also in this subseries is an article or speech he wrote about birding in Sudbury Valley, some personal notes, a few Mass Audubon yearly checklists, and a small amount of correspondence related to bird counts.

Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 27-30

ix. Unidentified bird journals and notes, n.d.

These 19th-century journals contain musical notations of bird songs, lists, and bird song observations. They were donated to Mass Audubon in 1987.

Carton 79SH 17F4 TFolders 31-33

C. Austin Ornithological Research Station records, 1909-1973

Along with the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary, in 1958 Mass Audubon acquired the complete tern records compiled by Dr. Oliver L. Austin, Sr. and his son Oliver L. Austin, Jr. The Austins banded and kept observations on terns at the Austin Ornithological Research Station in South Wellfleet from 1927 to 1957. Dr. Austin, Sr., a retired physician, became interested in studying birds through the work of his son, Austin, Jr., a noted ornithologist, and the pair banded almost 600,000 birds at the station and on Tern Island off the coast of Chatham. Their records include correspondence, activity journals, and reports on banding, locations recovery, and tern survival. Additional miscellaneous records consist of an early birding journal of Oliver Austin, Jr.; an anonymous shorebird trapping journal; articles and research papers by both Austins, as well as other authors; and a bibliographic file largely compiled by Mass Audubon president William Brewster.

i. Correspondence, 1933-1957

Arranged chronologically.

Correspondence is related to bird sightings, bandings, returns, and other data, between Austin and the Bureau of Biological Survey (United States Department of the Interior), the Massachusetts Department of Conservation, and various universities and research facilities.

Carton 70SH 17FR 9Folders 1-52

ii. Activity journals, 1932-1957

Arranged chronologically.

Activity journals dating from 1932-1934 and 1939-1957 record daily weather, sightings, nesting, banding, and attacks, primarily on Tern Island, but also on Egg Island, Jeremy's Point, Nauset Point, Ram Island, Billingsgate Island, Plymouth Point, and North Point. Observations include those for arctic roseate, common, dougalli, hirundo, and parisaea terns.

Carton 70SH 17FR 9Folders 53-58
1932-1945
Carton 71SH 17RD 7Folders 1-20
1946-1957

iii. Reports, 1922-1957

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Tern reports include banding records organized alphabetically by type of tern; reports listing locations where terns were identified; recovery reports listing the person recovering the band, the type of tern, and the recovery's chronology; survival reports listing the years the bird survived after its banding and its location; and combined reports containing banding, recovery, and survival records.

Carton 71SH 17RD 7Folders 21-59
Tern banding records, 1922-1957
Carton 72SH 17RE 8Folders 1-34
Tern banding records, 1923-1955
Carton 72SH 17RE 8Folders 35-64
Tern locations, 1943-1946
Carton 73SH 17RC 6Folders 1-39
Tern recovery reports, 1924-1957
Carton 73SH 17RC 6Folders 40-52
Tern survival reports, 1930-1946
Carton 73SH 17RC 6Folders 53-64
Tern combined reports, 1954-1957
Carton 74SH 17RF 9
Miscellaneous bird banding reports, 1930-1957
Carton 75SH 17KT GFolders 1-12
Miscellaneous bird banding reports, 1949-1957

iii. Miscellaneous ornithological records, 1909-1973

Arranged chronologically.

Carton 75SH 17KT GFolders 13-14
Bibliographic file, 1909-1937
Carton 75SH 17KT GFolder 15
O. L. Austin, Jr. birding records, 1927-1930
Carton 75SH 17KT GFolders 16-26
Articles and research papers, 1928-1973
Carton 75SH 17KT GFolder 27
Shorebird trapping records, 1934

V. Records of related organizations, 1876-1994

A. Nuttall Ornithological Club records, 1876-1937 (bulk: 1925-1937)

Founded in 1873, the Nuttall Ornithological Club is one of the first organizations in North America devoted to ornithology. Its members included William Brewster, Ludlow Griscom, Ernst Mayr, Roger Tory Peterson, and 24 other Mass Audubon directors. Its elected members continue to meet monthly.

Records in this series are those of Charles Batchelder, including 1925-1926 correspondence in response to his letter to present and former members inquiring whether they had authored any ornithological works. Batchelder also sent out brief biographical paragraphs to members for comment or correction in 1937. Almost all records here are biographical or bibliographical in nature. Printed material includes two bulletins and printed meeting minutes.

i. Members' biographies and publications, 1925-1937

Arranged alphabetically by members' names, records consist of notecards containing date of election; birth date and place; names of parents; education; residence; and date and place of death. Some cards include newspaper clippings and lists of published works. This subseries also contains correspondence from members themselves or members' families or friends pertaining to members' biographies or publications. Included are biographies of Mass Audubon members William Brewster, Francis H. Allen, John B. May, and Carl Buchheister.

Carton 80SH 17F6 VFolders 1-55

ii. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1915-1935

This subseries consists of correspondence that doesn't relate to biographies or publications or relates to multiple biographies.

Carton 80SH 17F6 VFolder 56

iii. Printed material, 1876-1907

Included here is a Nov. 1876 Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club (Vol. I, No. 4), an Oct. 1879 Bulletin (Vol. IV, No. 4), and an abstract of 1907 meeting minutes.

Carton 80SH 17F6 VFolder 57

B. Brush Hill Bird Club report, 1914

A bound, printed volume, this is the first report of the Brush Hill Bird Club of Milton, Massachusetts. It contains a history of the club, descriptions of its exhibitions, essays, a treasurer's report, the club's constitution, a list of members, and several illustrations.

Carton 80SH 17F6 VFolder 58

C. Morse-Allen, Inc. records, 1938-1994

Mildred (Vining) Morse Allen (1903-1989) was a natural-history artist and a pioneer in natural-history film-making. She won the Grand Award in the 1966 New York International Film and TV Festival for her first movie Nature Remains, a 28-minute color film which she shot on 130 acres of her backyard in Canton, Massachusetts. Her later films, such as Nature's Palette and Many Worlds of Nature, won international awards and were shown on public television stations. She also painted watercolors of birds which she published and sold as lithographic prints. Allen bequeathed her Canton property to Mass Audubon, and it opened as the Mildred Morse Allen Wildlife Sanctuary and the Visual Arts Center (later the Museum of American Bird Art) in 1999.

Mildred and her husband George Lockwood Allen incorporated Morse-Allen, Inc. in 1965. Records in this series include administrative records, financial records, film scripts and proposals, subject files, records of the subsidiary The Film Group, Inc., printed material, and photographs.

See also the records of the Museum of American Bird Art and the film prints of Morse-Allen, Inc.

i. Administrative records, 1965-1994

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries includes incorporation papers and other corporate records such as by-laws, sample stock certificates, board and stockholder meeting minutes, and other legal documents. Also here are correspondence and records related to the sale of Mildred's lithographic prints, including those of retailers, printers, framers, and museum curators.

The subseries also includes records related to the production and marketing of Mildred Morse Allen's natural-history films, including correspondence with lawyers, contracts and correspondence with motion-picture distributors, and correspondence with film producer and Morse-Allen employee Cliff Hauptman. Later administrative records relate to the transfer of the corporation to Mass Audubon by the executors of George Lockwood Allen's will and the dissolution of the company by Mass Audubon in 1994.

Carton 80SH 17F6 VFolders 59-70

ii. Financial records, 1965-1994

Arranged chronologically and by record type.

Tax records include federal, state excise, and Massachusetts Certificate of Condition documents; correspondence with accountants; handwritten notes; and accounts. Bills and invoices are for general expenses, including office maintenance, mail order lists, cameras, film, advertising, mailing supplies, legal fees, equipment, and framing.

Some financial records relate to the production of lithographic prints, including mailers, order forms, invoices, and letters requesting prints. The ledger entitled "Bird Painting Account Book" lists the costs and sales of prints.

Records related to the production of nature films include two account books, invoices and expense accounts, and the timesheets and invoices of Cliff Hauptman, who worked for Morse-Allen as a producer of the nature films. Royalty statements include those from Screenscope, Inc. and other broadcasters, and royalty account books list income by film. Also found here are bank registers and bank statements from the last years of the company.

Carton 81SH 17KQ DFolders 1-15
Tax records, 1965-1994
Carton 81SH 17KQ DFolders 16-19
General bills and invoices, 1965-1988
Carton 81SH 17KQ DFolders 20-36
Lithographs - orders, 1965-1984
Carton 81SH 17KQ DFolder 37
Lithographs - account book, 1965-1985
Carton 81SH 17KQ DFolders 38-39
Films - account books, 1965-1985
Carton 81SH 17KQ DFolders 40-41
Films - invoices and accounts, 1968-1989
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolders 1-14
Films - Cliff Hauptman timesheets and invoices, 1974-1988
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 15
Films - royalty statements, 1975-1983
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 16
Films - royalty account book, 1976-1984
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 17
Check register, 1978-1985
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolders 18-19
Bank statements, 1991-1994

iii. Film scripts and proposals, 1965-1974

Arranged chronologically.

These include various iterations of the scripts for Nature Remains (1965), Nature's Palette (1966), The Many Worlds of Nature (1973), and several unproduced scripts by Ed Knowlton.

Carton 82SH 17KR EFolders 20-31

iv. Subject files, 1938-1981

Arranged alphabetically.

Included here are bills, invoices, and correspondence related to Mildred Morse Allen's Arriflex camera and her automobiles; copyright certificates for her lithographic prints; samples of Morse-Allen, Inc. letterhead; correspondence and records related to the Meriden Gravure Co. which produced Mildred's prints; lists of retail prospects; papers related to the estates of Mildred's relatives Abner and Elsie Morse, from whom she inherited the Canton property; personal correspondence; and biographical information about Mildred written by her husband George Lockwood Allen.

Carton 82SH 17KR EFolders 32-33
Arriflex camera, 1963-1980
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 34
Automobiles, 1958-1966
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 35
Biographical material, undated
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 36
Copyright certificates, 1965-1970
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 37
Letterhead stationery, undated
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolders 38-41
Meriden Gravure Co., 1965-1981
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolders 42-44
Morse estate papers, 1938-1979
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 45
Notes and memos, 1963-1980
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 46
Personal correspondence, 1970-1973
Carton 82SH 17KR EFolder 47
Prospects, 1968-1975

v. The Film Group, Inc. records, 1968-1987

The Film Group was incorporated by George L. Allen and several film producers in 1968. It was created to produce the films of Mildred Allen, as well as other commercial films, and existed as a separate company from Morse-Allen, Inc., even though George was one of its directors and the company received most of its financial support from the Allens.

Administrative records include correspondence, incorporation records, contracts and other legal documents, and meeting minutes of stockholders and the board of directors. Financial statements are unaudited balance sheets prepared by accountants for the company. Printed material includes an advertisement and a company brochure.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolder 1
Incorporation documents, 1968
Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 2-5
Administrative records, 1968-1987
Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 6-8
Financial statements, 1969-1974
Carton 83SH 17KS FFolder 9
Production proposal, 1972
Carton 83SH 17KS FFolder 10
Printed material, 1969

vi. Printed material, 1966-1969

Items include a brochure for Nature Remains, newspaper and magazine advertisements for lithographs, and newspaper clippings related to the release of Nature Remains and the film's subsequent awards. Also included are biographical articles about Mildred Morse Allen.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 11-12

vii. Photographs, undated

Photographs are 8" x 10" black and white prints of Mildred Allen photographing wildlife in numerous poses.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 13-14

D. Nantucket Ornithological Society records, 1960-1991

The Nantucket Ornithological Society was created in 1962 to manage a trust property on Nantucket. In 1986, it transferred its sanctuary land to Mass Audubon. Records in this series include administrative records, financial ledgers, tax records, and a property report produced for Mass Audubon.

i. Administrative records, 1960-1986

This subseries largely consists of minutes of agreement establishing the organization, approving or replacing trustees, acquiring land, and establishing financial accounts. Also here are deeds and legal agreements related to the land, and correspondence concerning the administration of the organization, deeds, and finances.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 15-29

ii. Financial ledgers, 1962-1986

Financial ledgers include a general journal, a cash receipts journal, and journals for cash disbursements, trial balances, bank accounts, stock holdings, real estate, tangible personal property, contributions, and other expenses.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 30-38

iii. Tax records, 1964-1991

Tax records include the corporation's 501(c)3 non-profit annual reports, tax returns, and financial correspondence related to taxes.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolders 39-41

iv. "Preliminary Report on Flora and Fauna," 1980

This report was prepared for Mass Audubon by Marcia Litchfield in Oct. 1980.

Carton 83SH 17KS FFolder 42

VI. Printed material, 1896-2022

A. Mass Audubon calendars, 1898-2004

This series of annual Mass Audubon bird calendars contains numerous gaps, including one between 1949-1980. Between 1910 and 1915, and after 1983, calendars were printed in a larger format and are stored according to size.

The calendars were first published by L. Prang and Co. of Boston for Mass Audubon, containing bird prints with information about birds and birding appropriate to the month. By 1920, Mass Audubon published the calendars itself, with prints of paintings by Bruce Horsfall, Louis Agassiz Fuertes, and Allen Brooks. In the 1940s, the calendars became small and less elaborate, with photographs as illustrations. By 1980, they were published in association with Mass Audubon by independent publishers as Teaching Calendars and Bird Identification Calendars, with illustrations by John Sill.

Carton 89SH 17EX EFolders 1-25
1898-1982
Carton 90SH 17F7 W
ca. 1910-1915
Carton 90SH 17F7 W
1983-2004

B. Mass Audubon periodicals, 1917-2022

Beginning in February 1917, Mass Audubon published the Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society nine times a year. In September 1958, the publication became Massachusetts Audubon, the Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society. It was published five times a year from 1959-1961, then quarterly from 1962 to 1972. The periodical became Man and Nature in 1972, consolidating Connecticut Conservation, Maine Field Naturalist, Massachusetts Audubon, and Narragansett Naturalist; it was published quarterly. By January 1977, the periodical's title was Massachusetts Audubon Newsletter, published monthly except for June and September. The publication became Sanctuary Magazine with the August/September 1980 issue. This set of periodicals contains gaps, most notably between 2006 and 2012.

Connections is a newsletter for Mass Audubon members published three times a year. The publication became Explore with the October 2016 issue. This set contains gaps between 2009 and 2011.

Curious Naturalist, a publication for children, was published 10 times a year beginning September 1961. In the fall of 1976, it became a quarterly publication. A Guide to the Seasons features selections from Curious Naturalist, compiled in 1982. This set is complete from September 1961 to Summer 1982.

Additional newsletters in this series include the Coastal Waterbird Program Newsletter and the Belize Conservation Fund Newsletter.

For newsletters related to individual sanctuaries, see Series II, Sanctuary Records, in the specific sanctuary subseries.

i. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, 1917-1958

Carton 84SH 17FD
1917-1948
Carton 85SH 1B28Folders 1-28
1949-1958
Carton 95SH 17HG OReels 1-6
Microfilm of Vols. 34-39, 1950-1955

ii. Massachusetts Audubon, 1958-1980

Carton 85SH 1B28Folders 29-43
1958-1965
Carton 86SH 17F5 UFolders 1-20
1966-1980

iii. Sanctuary, 1980-2013

With gaps between 2006 and 2012.

Carton 86SH 17F5 UFolders 21-47
1980-1988
Carton 87SH 17KJ 6Folders 1-54
1989-2013

iv. Connections/Explore, 2003-2022

With gaps between 2009 and 2011.

Carton 88SH 17MP EFolders 1-14

v. The Curious Naturalist, 1961-1982

Carton 88SH 17MP EFolders 15-55

v. The Coastal Waterbird Program Newsletter, 2004-2010

Carton 88SH 17MP EFolder 56

v. Belize Conservation Fund Newsletter, 2010-2019

Carton 88SH 17MP EFolder 57

C. Mass Audubon monographs, pamphlets, and reports, 1898-2020

Arranged chronologically and by size.

This series includes books, pamphlets, and reports related to orthography, nature studies, and environmental issues that were published by Mass Audubon or in association with Mass Audubon.

Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 26
Helps to Bird Study, 1898
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 26A
Edward H. Forbush, The Utility of Birds, 1898
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 27
Bird News for the School, 1932
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 1
Paul S. Miliotis, An Annotated Checklist of the Butterflies of Massachusetts, 1972
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 2
Christopher W. Leahy, An Introduction to Massachusetts Birds, 1975
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 1
Wayne Hanley, ed., The American Years, 1976
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folders 2-4
James Colman and Elizabeth Kline, A Guide to Understanding and Administering the Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act, 1977
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 29
Going to Seed: A Manual of Winter Bird Feeding, 1977, 1988
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 39
Wayne Hanley, Natural History in America: From Mark Catesby to Rachel Carson, 1977
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 5
An Introduction to Bird Watching, 1977
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 6
Sarah Peskin, Guiding Growth and Change: a handbook for the Massachusetts citizen, 1978
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 3
Charles E. Roth, An Introduction to Massachusetts Mammals, 1978
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 4
Charles E. Roth, The Art of Mammal Watching, 1978
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 5
John H. Mitchell, ed., Man and Nature, [1978?]
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 6
Bruce Lund, Massachusetts Field Guide to Inland Wetland Plants, [1978]
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 7
Wayne Hanley and John Mitchell, ed., The Energy Book, 1979
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 30
Wayne Hanley, A Life Outdoors: A Curmudgeon Looks at the Natural World, Man and Nature Series, 1980
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folders 8-9
Russell A. Cohen, Directory of Massachusetts Land Conservation Trusts, 1981
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 10
Thomas Convel, Quabbin: The Accidental Wilderness, 1981
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 11
Charles E. Roth, Save What Needs to be Saved and Build What Needs to be Built: a brief auto tour of Lincoln, Mass., 1982
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 12
Lynne Newman, Clean Coastal Water: the Costs of Pollution, 1983
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 13
Lynne Newman, Clean Coastal Water: Central Solutions, 1983
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 31
Susan B. Whiting and Barbara B. Pesch, Vineyard Birds, 1983
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 7
Christopher W. Leahy, An Introduction to Massachusetts Insects, 1983
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 8
Those Damned Mosquitos!, 1983
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 32
Richard K. Walton, Birds of the Sudbury River Valley: An Historical Perspective,1984
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 33
Environmental Science Department of Massachusetts Audubon Society, Solar Ideas for your Home or Apartment, 1986
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 34
Steven Nadel and Robert Timbers, Home Heating with Wood and Coal, 1986
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 35
Birds in Your Backyard, 1987
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 14
Elizabeth A. Colburn, Basic Hydrological Calculations for Conservation Commissioners: Runoff, Land Subject to Flooding, and Flow in Pipes and Channels, 1987
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 9
Daniel S. Greenbaum and Arleen O'Donnell, Losing Ground: the case for land conservation in Massachusetts, 1987
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 36
Thomas Hruby and Walter G. Montgomery, Open Marsh Water Management for Open Tidal Marshes in the Northeast: A Manual of Methods, 1988
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 15
Landscaping for Birds, 1988
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 37
Stephen J. Small, Preserving Family Lands: A Landowner's Introduction to Tax Issues and Other Considerations, 1988
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 10
Rights-of-Way Herbicides: a citizen's guide to the state regulations on vegetation management on utility, railroad and roadside rights-of-way, 1988
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 11
Terns: their ecology and conservation, 1988
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 16
Terry Greene, Working the Bugs Out: Improving Pest Control in Public Housing, 1989
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 38
Marie Reid, Amazon/Rainforest Alphabet, 1989
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 17
Elizabeth Colburne and Robie Hubley, ed., Watershed Decisions: The Case for Watershed Protection in Massachusetts, 1990
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 39
Andrea P. Raphael, Urban Pest Management in the Public Sector: A Case Study of 11 Municipal Departments in Boston, Mass., 1990
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 40
Philip E. Simmons, Steven Nadel, and Nancy Schalch, Oil and Gas Heating Systems: Maintenance and Improvement, 1990
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 41
Education Department of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, Building an Environmentally Friendly House, 1991
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 42
Public Policy Department of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, Learning from Experience: Toward an Environmentally Sound Program for Eastern Encephalitis Control in Massachusetts, 1991
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 43
Charles Roth, et al., Beyond the Classroom: Exploration of Schoolground and Backyard, 1991
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 44
Thomas F. Tyning, ed., Conservation of the Timber Rattlesnake in the Northeast, 1991
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 45
Louis J. Wagner, Recommendations for Revisions to Title 5 and Regulations Governing the Use of Privately-Owned Sewage Treatment Facilities, 1991
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 46
Philip E. Simmons, How to Weatherize your Home or Apartment, 1992
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 18
Robert Buchsbaum, ed., Turning the Tide: Toward a Livable Coast in Massachusetts, 1993
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 47
Cleti Cervoni, ed., On the Brink: Activity and Resource Guide to Teaching About Massachusetts Endangered Species, 1993
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 48
Education Department of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, All about Insulation, 1993
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 49
Education Department of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, Contractor's Guide to Finding and Sealing Hidden Air Leaks, 1993
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folders 19-20
Andrew Kendeall, A Study of Rainforest Conservation Opportunities in the Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica, 1993
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 50
Christopher W. Leahy, Eden's End: The Case for Ecological Protection in Massachusetts, 1993
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 40
Richard R. Veit and Wayne R. Peterson, Birds of Massachusetts, 1993
Carton 89SH 17EX EFolder 51
Steven Nadel and Howard Geller, Saving Energy and Money with Home Appliances, 1994
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folders 1-8
Elizabeth A. Colburn, ed., A Guide to Understanding and Administering the Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act, 1995-2005
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 41-42
Christopher W. Leahy, et al., The Nature of Massachusetts, 1996

2 copies.

Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 9
John Mitchell and the Massachusetts Audubon Society, The Curious Naturalist: A Handbook of Crafts, Games, Activities, and Ideas for Teaching Children About the Magical World of Nature, 1996
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 10
Elizabeth A. Colburn, ed. Certified: A Citizen's Step-by-Step Guide to Protecting Vernal Pools, 1997
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 11
Elizabeth A. Colburn and Nancy Childs, Vernal Pool Lessons and Activities, 1997

A curriculum companion to Certified: A Citizen's Step-by-Step Guide to Protecting Vernal Pools.

Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 12
Andrea L. Jones and Peter D. Vickery, Conserving Grassland Birds, 1997
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 13
E. Heidi Roddis, Guiding Growth and Development in Massachusetts, 1997
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 14
Thomas F. Tyning, ed. Status and Conservation of Turtles of the Northeastern United States, 1997
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 43
Peter D. Vickery and Peter W. Dunwiddie, ed., Grasslands of Northeastern North America: Ecology and Conservation of Native and Agricultural Landscapes, 1997
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 12
Alison Trowbridge et al., Exploring Massachusetts' Wetlands: identifying wetland plant communities, 1997
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 16
Ellsworth Barnard, In a Wild Place: A Natural History of High Ledges, 1998
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 44
Walter Hard, The Connecticut, 1998
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 15
Massachusetts Audubon Society, Migration Calendar for Birds in Massachusetts, 1998
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 17
E. Heidi Roddis and Jennifer Steel, Shaping the Future of Your Community: A Guide to Involvement in Growth Management and Land Protection in Massachusetts, 1998
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 21
Jennifer Steel, Losing Ground: An Analysis of Recent Rates and Patterns of Development and their Effects on Open Space in Massachusetts, 1999
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 13
Coastal Waterbird Program Resource Manual, [2001?]
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 45
Karsten E. Hartel, et al., Inland Fishes of Massachusetts, 2002
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 18
Alison Trowbridge, et al., Exploring Massachusetts' Wetlands; Identifying Wetland Plant Communities, 2002
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 46
Wayne R. Peterson and W. Roger Meservey, Massachusetts Breeding Bird Atlas, 2003
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 14
Massachusetts Conservation Restriction Stewardship Manual: a handbook for land trusts and conservation commissions, 2006
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 15
Heidi Ricci and John J. Clarke, Shaping the Future of Your Community: a citizen's guide to involvement in community planning, land protection, and project review in Massachusetts, 2007
Carton 100SH 17IF 0Folder 22
James DeNormandie, Losing Ground, Beyond the Footprint: patterns of development and their impact on the nature of Massachusetts, 2009
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 16
State of the Birds: documenting changes in Massachusetts' birdlife, 2011
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 17
State of the Birds: Massachusetts breeding birds - a closer look, 2013
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 18
Managing Forests for Trees and Birds in Massachusetts: a guide to habitat assessments and silvicultural practices, 2016
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 19
Birds with Silviculture in Mind: focal birds pocket guide for Massachusetts foresters, 2016
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 20
John Hanson Mitchell, ed., The Quiet Earth: nature and health, 2016
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 21
Steven Pavlos Holmes, A Healing Landscape: environmental and social history of the site of Mass Audubon's Boston Nature Center, 2016
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 22
Gwladys Hopkins, Massachusetts Masterpieces: the decoy as art, 2016
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 23
State of the Birds: Massachusetts birds and our changing climate, 2017
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 24
Heidi Ricci et al., Losing Ground: nature"s value in a changing climate, 2020
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 25
Edwin A. Mason, Invite your Bird Neighbors to Dinner, undated,
Carton 121SH 1A1AFolder 26
Migration Calendar for Birds in Massachusetts, undated,
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 19
Widge Arms and Cleti Cervoni, Key to Selected Trees by their Leaves, undated,
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 19
Widge Arms and Cleti Cervoni, Key to Selected Trees in Winter Condition, undated,

D. Mass Audubon brochures, articles, newsletters, and ephemera, 1900-2020

Arranged chronologically by record type.

This series contains are a variety of articles and brochures, including sanctuary guides, program and publications catalogs, a series of laminated field guides, teaching sheets related to a variety of nature subjects, and ephemera such as programs and tickets to Mass Audubon events.

For brochures related to individual sanctuaries, see Series II, Sanctuary Records, in the specific sanctuary subseries.

Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 20
Winthrop Packard article reprints, ca. 1928
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 21
Bulletin article reprints, 1946-1968
OS Box 1Folder 11
Birdhouse and bird feeder plans, 1947-1956
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folders 22-26
Gift and publications catalogs, 1952-2006
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folders 27-36
Brochures, 1953-2018

Brochures include those for Audubon Junior Club, Wildwood Camp, membership and development, programs, products, energy and environmental issues, and general sanctuary guides.

Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 37
Postcards, 1962
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folders 38-47
Wayne Hanley, "Nature's Ways" articles, 1968-1970
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 48
Magazine and newspaper clippings, 1968-2017
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folder 49
Miscellaneous newsletters, 1970-1998
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folders 50-54
Public service information leaflets, 1971-2000
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 1-6
Sanctuary guides, 1979-2017
Carton 91SH 17FE $Folders 55-57
Groundwater information flyers, 1983-1987

Laminated field guides, 1988-2006

Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 7
Whale Watchers Guide to the North Atlantic, 1988
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 8
Beachcombers Guide to the North Atlantic Seashore, 1993
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 9
Guide to the Cloud Forest of Monteverde, Costa Rica, 1995
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 10
Pondwatchers Guide to Ponds and Vernal Pools of Eastern North America, 1995
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 11
A Guide to Backyard Birds of Eastern North America, 2006
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 12
Paddlers Guide to New England Rivers, 2006
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 13
A Guide to Northeastern Butterflies and Butterfly Gardening, 2006
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 14
"House to Habitat" materials, 1989-2005
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 15
Wildwood Camp calendar, 1992
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 16
Water resource information flyers, 1993
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 17
Bird checklists and identifiers, 1998-2005
OS Box 5
Poster, Darners of North America, 1999
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 18-23
Program catalogs, 2003-2006
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 24
Programme for Belize material, 2005-2008
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 25
Growing your Community fact sheets, ca. 2014
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 26-27
Mass Audubon Birders meeting programs, 2015-2020
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 28-29
Program invitations, 2016-2020
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 30-31
Greeting cards and stationery, undated
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 32-38
Teaching sheets, undated

Subjects include amphibians and reptiles; animals; earth; insects; nature activities; plants, flowers, trees and fungi; and the seashore.

Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 39-42
Miscellaneous ephemera, undated, 1900-2013

Included are Audubon conference programs (1900); programs and tickets to Audubon events; daily field cards; and other ephemera. Much of this material is undated.

OS Box 3Folders 2-4
Miscellaneous ephemera, undated

E. Printed material of other organizations, 1896-1953

Arranged chronologically.

This series largely consists of material collected by Mass Audubon for their natural history collections, including much donated material. It includes National Audubon Society numbered and illustrated educational leaflets, each highlighting a specific bird; early ornithological publications; and bird illustrations, including copies of Audubon lithographs and U.S. postal stamps bearing an Audubon illustration.

Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 47
Charles J. Maynard, Handbook of the Sparrows, Finches, etc. of New England, Newtonville, Massachusetts, 1896
Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 48
Charles Eliot Norton, The Poet Gray as a Naturalist, Boston, 1903
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 43
Edward H. Forbush, Special Report on the Decrease of Certain Birds, 1905
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 44-49
National Audubon Society leaflets, 1906-1967
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 50
Edward H. Forbush, Statutory Bird Protection in Massachusetts, 1907
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 51
Springfield Museum bird pamphlets, 1908-1916
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 52
Church and Dwight Co., Useful Birds, 1916

Includes pamphlet and illustrated bird cards.

Carton 92SH 17KL 8Vol. 49
Charles J. Maynard, A Field Ornithology of the Birds of Eastern North America, West Newton, Massachusetts, 1916
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 53
The Lincoln, 1925

This automobile catalog contains bird illustrations painted by Louis Agassiz Fuertes.

Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 54
John May, Edward Howe Forbush: A Biographical Sketch, 1928
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 55-56
Julius King, Birds, Books I-III, Cleveland, Ohio, 1934
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 57
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, John J. Audubon: A National Exhibition, 1938
Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folder 58
Animal World, 1939
Carton 90SH 17F7 W
Scrapbook, ca. 1942

This scrapbook includes numerous wildflower postcards published by C. A. Mitchell in 1932, as well as coloring books, leaflets, and educational worksheets published by the New England Wildflower Preservation Society. Also here are several 1942 copies of the Bulletin of the Junior Conservation Club of the New England Wildflower Society.

Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 59-60
Miscellaneous printed material, 1906-1953

VII. Photographs, audio-visual, and digital material, 1921-2015

A. Photographs, 1921-1985

This series includes publicity photos for programs, several photographs of Gov. Christian Herter celebrating Arbor and Bird Day and Audubon Week (1954), Gov. Endicott Peabody signing a National Wildlife Week proclamation (1964), and nature views. Also included are several portrait photos of Allen H. Morgan, and a series of photographs of Dan Greenbaum and the Energy Education Program, ca. 1985.

Photographs related to individual sanctuaries may be found in Series II, Sanctuary Records, under the specific sanctuary subseries.

Carton 93SH 17KK 7Folders 61-64
1921-1985
Carton 90SH 17F7 W
American Ornithologists' Union meeting photographs, 1930-1955

B. Audio cassette tapes, ca. 1982-1993

See also Series I.F.v., Education Department-Audio-visual and media records for more information on the production of these audio slide presentations.

Carton 95SH 17HG O
"Toward a Land Ethic," Monadnock Media, ca. 1982

Tapes #3 and #4.

Carton 95SH 17HG O
"A Uncertain Future: Endangered Species," 1993

C. Film prints, ca. 1944- ca. 1984

i. Mass Audubon film library prints, ca. 1944-1968

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Most of these 16mm films were rented by the Mass Audubon Education Department or the Public Information Office to schools and community groups. Almost all are undated and production is unattributed.

Carton 95SH 17HG O
Audubon's Shore Birds, Fenwick Productions, undated
Carton 95SH 17HG O
A Bird Song [illegible], 1944
Carton 95SH 17HG O
Blight of Flight, Steve Briggs, undated

Colorsound print.

Carton 95SH 17HG O
The City: Cars or People, undated
Carton 95SH 17HG O
Conservation and Balance in Nature, undated
Carton 95SH 17HG O
Critter Corner (Fox), undated
SH 17DF
From the Bay to the Berkshires, undated

16mm color silent print.

SH 17DG $
Home Free, n.d.
Carton 95SH 17HG O
Life in a Woodlot, McGraw Hill Films, undated
Carton 95SH 17HG O
The Marsh, n.d.
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Marshland is Not Wasteland, Roy Wilcox Productions, undated
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Spring Comes to a New England Marsh, undated
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
The Spring Pool, undated
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
The Third Pollution, undated
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Toast, undated
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
World in a Marsh, 1968
Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Unidentified, undated

ii. Morse-Allen, Inc. films, 1965-ca. 1984

See also Series V.C., Morse-Allen, Inc. records.

Feature films, 1965-1968

Arranged chronologically.

Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Nature Remains, 1965

First version of the film, before it was sold to American Optical.

Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Nature Remains, 1966

American Optical Competition film.

Carton 96SH 17D6 T
Nature's Palette, 1968

Descratched print, produced by the Film Group, Inc.

Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]

Arranged alphabetically.

Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Adaption, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
The Bird's Year: Variety and Change, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Beetles, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Butterflies, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Caterpillars, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Development, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Immature, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Orders, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Solitary Wasps, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Discovering Insects: Winter Signs, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Environmental Manipulation, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 97SH 17F9 Y
Evergreens, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Flowers, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
The Monarch and the Milkweed, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
The Oak, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Of Birds, Beaks and Behavior, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Partners, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Patterns, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Pollution Mechanisms, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Protective Coloration, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Seed Dispersal, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Surviving the Cold, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Tree Blossoms, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17FA Z
Winter, The Many Worlds of Nature series, [1975-1984]
Carton 98SH 17ET A
Venture into Nature, undated

Reversal print, 28 minutes.

D. Digital material, 2006-2015

To access these records, contact the Digital Preservation Archivist.

Mass Audubon overview, 2006 (CD-R, DM0002)

This CD contains an 11-slide powerpoint entitled "Building Conservation Communities: Families, Schools, Citizens, and You." It is a general introduction to Mass Audubon's sanctuaries, history, and staff.

Museum Open House, Episode 1, 2015 (DVD, AV0001)

This DVD contains a television show hosted by Jay Sugerman who interviews MAS President Gary Clayton.

Museum Open House, Episode 2, 2015 (DVD, AV0002)

This DVD contains the second episode of Gary Clayton's interview with Jay Sugerman.

VIII. Gary Clayton additions, 1987-2020

RECORDS IN THIS SERIES ARE CLOSED UNTIL 1 JANUARY 2051

This series consists of records compiled by Gary Clayton in his capacity as Mass Audubon's president from 2015 to 2020, as well as his previous positions as Sanctuary Department director and Conservation Programs vice president. While records are not comprehensive, they reflect Clayton's day-to-day responsibilities as president as well as his activities with various sanctuaries, committees, and departments. Included are general correspondence and papers; board of directors records; strategic planning; financial records; Sanctuary Department records, including legal, financial, and land records pertaining to individual sanctuaries; other departmental records; and subject files.

A. General correspondence and papers, 1989-2020

Arranged chronologically.

Included in this subseries are Clayton’s March 1989 letter of application for the position of Sanctuary Department director and correspondence surrounding his interviews and hiring. Also included are drafts of his fiscal year 1991 goals, letters and certificates of appreciation, memos from Mass Audubon presidents Jerry Bertrand and Laura Johnson, all-staff and sanctuary memos written by Clayton, letters recognizing his work with specific sanctuaries, personal correspondence related to his work at Mass Audubon, and congratulatory letters on his five- and ten-year anniversaries. The bulk dates from 2015 to 2020, corresponding to Clayton’s position as Mass Audubon’s president. It includes letters related to his 2015 appointment, lists of his annual objectives, correspondence and supporting documents related to his daily activities, copies of his speeches and remarks, printed invitations to events for which he was speaker, newspaper clippings covering events in which he participated, and correspondence surrounding his retirement in 2019 and 2020.

B. Board of directors records, 2000-2020

This subseries consists of records compiled by Clayton that are related to Mass Audubon’s board of directors, council of advisors, and various board committees with which he interacted. Except for the board of directors meeting minutes from 2015 to 2020 – the years in which Clayton served as president - the records are not comprehensive and contain gaps. Many records include Clayton’s handwritten notes.

See also Series I.A. – Board of directors records, 1896-1999

i. Board and council records, 2000-2020

Arranged chronologically.

Included is the June 2000 proposal to establish the advisory council, a 2003 annual review, various board presentations, the president’s reports to the board, reports on board attendance, memos on strategic plans and by-law changes, a 2015 board assessment, board management policies, a 2019 council survey, copies of board votes with supporting material, and correspondence from Clayton to the board. There are no records between 2003 and 2009.

ii. Board of directors meeting records, 2015-2020

Arranged chronologically.

These records originally consisted of a set of notebooks compiled by Clayton, which includes meeting agendas, minutes, and supporting material containing background information and specific action on board votes. Also included are Clayton’s handwritten notes, strategic plans, financial reports, board presentations, and newspaper clippings.

Meeting records, 2015-2018

Meeting records, 2019-2020

iii. Board committee records, 2002-2020

Arranged chronologically.

Records consist of charters, goals and priorities, meeting minutes, and votes of various board committees, including the Conservation Committee, Administration and Finance Committee, Land Protection and Stewardship Committee, and Habitat Protection Committee. Until 2010, records are mostly those of the Conservation Committee. Also included are records of the Search Committee established in 2020 to find Clayton’s successor.

C. Strategic planning records, 1999-2019

Arranged chronologically.

This subseries contains meeting agendas and minutes, correspondence, presentations, and detailed reports related to strategic and fiscal year planning from 1999 to 2019.

D. Capital campaign records, 1994-2008

Arranged chronologically.

Included is a 1994 feasibility study and records related to the 2005-2007 campaign, “Connecting People and Nature.”

E. Financial records, 1993-2020

Arranged chronologically.

The bulk of financial records date from 2015 to 2020 and include accounts of the Board Reserve Fund, reports to the board, 2017 operating and capital budget approval packages, fiscal year 2020 budgets for wildlife sanctuaries and programs, and other financial reports.

F. Sanctuary Department records, 1987-2020

Records in this subseries reflect Clayton’s tenure as Sanctuary Department director and vice president for Conservation Programs, as well as president. They include sanctuary directors’ meeting records, records related to land protection policies, general sanctuary operations policies and reports, and records related to the acquisition and management of individual wildlife sanctuaries. Transition briefing materials give a detailed overview of the department and Mass Audubon operations in 1998.

See also Series I.I. -- Sanctuary Department records, 1956-2010.

i. Sanctuary directors meeting records, 1989-2020

Arranged chronologically.

Sanctuary directors’ meetings were held quarterly at rotating sanctuary locations. Records consist of meeting agendas and supporting documents including lists of upcoming programs, vision statements, memos, internal policy updates, and other materials for discussion. Also included are Clayton’s handwritten notes.

ii. Land protection records, 1987-2019

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Included are records related to policies and procedures, such as excerpts from policy manuals; votes on policies; correspondence pertaining to abutters, policy violations, and legal issues; action plans for land protection strategies; reports and inventories; and five-year plans. Land protection and acquisition statistics include lists of properties with the year acquired, number of acres, prices, locations, names of donors or sellers, and a brief description of projects as prepared by the Land Protection Department. Land protection research material largely consists of photocopies of information about properties of interest. Records of the Land Protection Task Force, whose mission was to develop a long-term strategy to protect sanctuary lands, include its 2018 charter, meeting notes, memos, and a 2019 report to the board of directors.

Policies and procedures, 1987-2017

Land protection and acquisition statistics, 1989-2019

Research material, ca. 2017

Land Protection Task Force records, 2018-2019

iii. Sanctuary operations records, 1988-2016

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Records consist of subject files related to day-to-day sanctuary operations. Included are policy manual excerpts, memos, draft policies and procedures, supporting documents, printed visitor information, and press releases pertaining to issues such as mosquito control, staff and visitor safety, and pricing. Also included are best practices interviews with sanctuary directors in 2004 and 2005.

Mosquito control, 1988-2001

Staff and visitor safety, 1989-2007

Visitor services, 1991-2016

Pricing, 2001-2013

Best practices interviews, 2004-2005

Day camps-marketing effectiveness, 2004-2005

Wildlife sanctuaries program summaries, 2005

iv. Transition briefing materials, 1998

Arranged chronologically.

This notebook, compiled in 1998, contains a detailed overview of the Sanctuary Department. It includes Mass Audubon’s strategic plan, organizational chart, and mission statement; Sanctuary Department priorities, budget, current land projects, and policies and procedures; descriptions of the department’s educational programs, facilities, construction projects, and visitors’ services; and brief information on each of the major sanctuaries.

v. Wildlife sanctuaries, 1987-2020

Arranged alphabetically by sanctuary name.

Records in this subseries are Clayton’s working files for individual sanctuaries, and contents vary widely. They include correspondence and memos related to donors and site visits; proposals for acquisitions and sales; votes; strategic plans; budgets; legal records; building proposals; correspondence with sanctuary managers, Mass Audubon officers, and government agencies; and records related to conservation restrictions, preservation plans, fundraising goals, and other management decisions.

Sanctuaries with the largest number of records include Blue Hills Trailside Museum, Boston Nature Center, Drumlin Farm, Laughing Brook, Museum of American Bird Art, Tidmarsh Farms, Wellfleet Bay, and Wildwood Camp.

See also Series II. – Sanctuary records, 1874-2010.

Allen's Pond, 1999-2015

Records, 1999-2015

Digital material, 2003 (CD-R, DM0003)

Blue Hills Trailside Museum, 1988-2014

Boston Nature Center, 1993-2015

Brewster's Woods, 2017-2020

Records, 2017-2020

Digital material, 2018 (Flash drive, DM0005)

Broad Hill, 2004-2014

Broad Meadow Brook, 1989-2012

Broadmoor, 1990-2014

Burncoat Pond, 2011-2012

Canoe Meadows, 2007-2014

Cook's Canyon, 1991-2013

Conway Hills, 2003-2013

Drumlin Farm, 1992-2017

Audubon Shop, 1992-2001

Branding and marketing research, 2005-2007

Capital campaigns, 2000-2011

Conservation restriction, 2000-2012

Miscellaneous administrative records, 2000-2015

Planning records, 1992-2017

Preschool proposal, 2006-2011

Regulatory issues, 1995-2004

Retreats, 2006-2007

Site plan review, 1996-2004

Eastern Point, 2010-2013

Elm Hill, 1996-2013

Endicott, 2005-2015

Felix Neck, 1995-2002

Graves Farm, 1994-2003

Habitat, 1994-2013

Deeds and land records, 1994-1996

Miscellaneous administrative records, 1994-2013

McClean open space, 2000-2005

High Ledges, 1992-2003

Ipswich River, 1992-2014

Beaver management, 1992-2010

Preschool, 2013-2014

Joppa Flats, 1993-2013

Laughing Brook, 1996-2012

Lime Kiln Farm, 1989-1991

Lincoln Woods, 2001-2002

Long Pasture, 2000-2015

Moose Hill, 1990-2014

Museum of American Bird Art, 1993-2020

Nahant Thicket, 2009-2017

Nantucket sanctuaries, 1999-2011

Nashoba Brook, 1990-2001

Norman's Woe, 1995-2014

Norwood Mill, 1989-2008

Oak Knoll, 1996-2014

Pierpont Meadow, 1987-2002

Pleasant Valley, 1994-2014

Road's End, 1997-2013

Rocky Hill, 1998-2013

Rough Meadows, 1996-2013

Rutland Brook, 1993-2013

South Shore sanctuaries, 2001-2012

Stony Brook, 1989-2006

Tidmarsh Farms, 2013-2018

Wachusett Meadow, 1989-2015

Wellfleet Bay, 1989-2009

Administrative records, 1989-2008

Capital campaign, 2000-2006

Oyster reef restoration, 2007-2008

Sanctuary defense-Harm's Way, 1990-2006

Sanctuary defense-Lieutenant's Island, 2009

Wildwood, 1992-2014

G. Other departmental records, 1988-2020

This subseries contains records related to departments other than the Sanctuary Department with which Clayton worked in his capacity as vice president for Conservation Programs and as president. They include the Capital Assets and Planning Department, Education Department, Conservation Science Department, and Advocacy Department. Also included are 2012 briefing materials related to Conservation Programs and a 2016 organizational resources manual.

i. Capital Assets and Planning Department records, 1988-2020

Arranged chronologically.

Records include reports on capital maintenance; contingency fund budgets; and annual facilities, maintenance, and construction reports.

ii. Education Department records, 1993-2017

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Records consist of Master Plan Task Force records, which include meeting notes, memos, survey responses, and a draft report; the 2000-2017 master plan; urban program initiatives reports dating from 2005 to 2011; and other miscellaneous records.

See also Series I.F. – Education Department records, 1936-2008.

Master plan task force records, 2000

Master plans, 2000-2017

Urban program initiatives, 2005-2011

Miscellaneous records, 1993-2015

iii. Conservation Science Department records, 1997-2017

Arranged chronologically and by subject.

Records include memos, reports, research material, meeting agendas, and a 2017 five-year master plan.

See also Series I.J. – Scientific Staff/Conservation Science Department records, 1948-2019.

Beaver management, 1997-1999

Review of MAS science programs, 2000

White-tailed deer, 2005-2015

Ecological management and bird conservation, 2014

Five-year plan, 2017

iv. Conservation Programs transition briefing materials, 2012

Arranged chronologically.

After a 2012 departmental reorganization, Conservation Programs, with Gary Clayton as vice president, oversaw the departments of Advocacy, Education and Diversity, Land Conservation, Ecological Management, and Sanctuaries. This set of materials gives an overview of the new division, including an organizational chart, budget, fact sheets on each sanctuary and department, legislation, position descriptions, and background material.

v. Advocacy records, 2015-2019

Arranged chronologically.

Records include memos, reports on federal laws and programs, meeting agendas, and Clayton’s handwritten notes.

vi. Organizational Resources Manual, 2016

Designed to assist new staff to become familiar with departments and resources, this 2016 manual contains a senior staff directory, list of sanctuaries, calendar of events, policies directory, and a list of departments and their responsibilities.

H. Subject files, 1995-2020

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Subject files are organized as originally filed in Clayton's office. They reflect his activities as Sanctuary Department director and Conservation Programs vice president, as well as Mass Audubon's president.

All-staff outings, 2015-2019

Annual meeting materials, 2000-2019

Bottle Bill referendum, 2011-2014

Centennial celebration, 1995-1996

Climate action plan, 2018-2020

Nantucket Beach project, 2005-2008

Presidential transition plans, 2012-2015

Program catalog workgroup, 2002-2003

Programme for Belize, 2009-2015

State/regional awards, 2015-2018

Tanglewood, 2016-2018

Task force charters and initiatives, 2015-2019

Thorton, Marian obituary, 2019

Veterans' programs, 2014

Appendix I - Executive Office Subject Files

Carton 17 - "Advertising" to " Bird Food"

Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 1
Advertising (Bulletin), 1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 2
Alexander, Donald C., 1948-1949
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 3
Allen Bird Club, 1953-1957
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 4
Allen, Clarence E., 1958-1965
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 5
Allen, Francis H., 1933
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 6
Allen (Francis H.) Memorial Library, 1953-1954
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 7-8
American Association for the Advancement of Science [conference], 1953-1954
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 9
American Association for Conservation Information Yearbook, 1962
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 10-12
American Ornithologists' Union, 1951-1956
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 13-15
Annual meetings, 1952-1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 16-18
Appeals letters, 1950-1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 19-20
Arcadia Wildlife Sanctuary, 1944-1962
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 21
Associated Committees for Wildlife Conservation, 1932
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 22
Atlantis cruise, 1964-1965
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 23
Auditing committee, 1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 24
Audubon in Massachusetts, 1950-1951
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 25-29
Audubon Nature Theater, 1956-1959
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 30
Audubon screen tours, 1957-1959
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 31
Audubon societies, 1952-1954
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 32
The Audubon Trail - Introduction, Foreword, Contents, 1956-1957
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 33-37
The Audubon Trail - Correspondence, 1956-1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 38
Audubon Week (Governors' proclamations), 1955-1959
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 39
Audubon's America, 1952
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 40
Augusta Nature Club, 1958-1959
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 41
Bagg, Aaron Moore, 1933-1965
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 42
Baker, Emmett B., 1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 43
Bald Hill, Boxford, Massachusetts, 1957
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 44
Barnard, Ellsworth, 1957-1959
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 45
Beaver in central Berkshire County, report, 1946
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 46
Bergstrom, E. Alexander, 1948-1965
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 47-48
Berkshire Museum, 1952-1959
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 49-50
Bird and Arbor Day (including Governors' proclamations), 1939-1954
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 51
Bird badges [Girl Scout], 1958
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 52
Bird banding traps, 1956
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 53
Bird bands, 1953-1954
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 54-56
Bird charts, 1938-1952
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolder 57
Bird clubs, 1953-1954
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 58-60
Bird feeding, 1938-1952
Carton 17SH 17QZ SFolders 61-64
Bird food, 1936-1957

Carton 18 - "Bird Garden" to "Contribution Acknowledgments"

Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 1
Bird Garden, Audubon, 1933
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 2
Bird houses, 1947-1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 3
Bird Notes (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds), 1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 4
Bird poisoning, 1944
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 5
Bird song, 1945
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 6
Bird watching as a hobby - features, 1953-1954
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 7-10
Birds (general), 1960-1965
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 11
Birds of Massachusetts, 1951
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 12
Birds Round the World on Postage Stamps, 1956-1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 13
Bleitz, Don, 1958
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 14
Blue Star Memorial Highway, 1953-1958
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 15
Bluegrey gnatcatcher banding, 1947
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 16-17
Board - committee meeting minutes, 1962
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 18-20
Board - committee memos, 1959-1962
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 21-24
Board correspondence, 1960-1964
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 25
Board sanctuary tour, 1961
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 26
Books, 1956
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 27-29
Borden, Richard, 1956-1963
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 30
Boy and Girl Scouts, ca. 1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 31
Brainerd, John, 1952-1964
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 32
Bristol-Blake State Reservation proposal, 1962
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 33-34
Buchheister, Carl W., 1948-1965
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 35
Budget-finance committee, 1958-1960
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 36
Bulletin, 1950-1959
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 37
Bullock's oriole, 1953
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 38
Bump, Boardman, 1955-1963
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 39
Business office, 1960-1962
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 40
Bussewitz, Albert W. (Moose Hill Sanctuary), 1949-1965
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 41
Busways, B & W Lines, 1948
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 42
By-laws, 1957-1959
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 43
Camp Council executive committee, 1956-1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 44-46
Camp Fire Girls, 1951-1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 47
Campouts, 1953
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 48
Camps, 1954-1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 49
Cape campout, 1952-1954
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 50-52
Cape Cod National Seashore, 1958-1961
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 53
Caribbean tour, 1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 54
Chafee, Zechariah III, 1958
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 55
Charles-Neponset Green Belt Council, 1960
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 56
Children's Hospital - nature therapy program, 1958
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 57-58
Children's Museum, 1954-1960
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 59
Christmas census, 1952
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 60
Clarke, Charles E. - Memorial Fund donations, 1958
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 61
Collins, Dr. Stephen, 1957
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 62
Commemorative wildlife stamp, 1954-1956
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 63-65
Committees, 1933-1954
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 66
Conservation Assembly of the Berkshires, 1960
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 67
Conservation Commission memos, 1962
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folder 68
The Conservation Foundation, 1961
Carton 18SH 17R8 2Folders 69-71
Contribution acknowledgments, 1957-1958

Carton 19 - "Cooks Canyon Wildlife Sanctuary" to "Foye, Elmer P."

Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 1-2
Cooks Canyon Wildlife Sanctuary, 1957-1962
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 3
Coues, Elliott - book plates, 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 4
Council of Natural History Societies, 1962
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 5
Crompton, Davis H., 1956-1964
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 6-7
Crop damage by birds, 1955-1957
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 8
Day Trust Company, 1952-1954
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 9-11
DDT, 1954-1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 12-13
Directors, 1952-1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 14
Dogtown reservation committee, 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 15
Draper, Henry, 1956-1957
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 16
Drumlin Farm - day camp building dedication, 1957-1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 17
Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary, 1958-1962
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 18
Dutch elm disease, 1947
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 19-20
Education, 1957-1962
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 21
Education committee, 1957-1959
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 22
Eliot, Samuel A., Jr., 1933-1964
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 23
Elliott, Hereford N., 1943-1965
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 24
Ernst, Roger, 1949-1964
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 25
Evening grosbeak survey news, 1953-1954
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 26
Executive committee, 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 27
Farnsworth, Charles E. (proposed gift of land), 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 28-30
Feather traffic, 1940-1942
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 31
Federation of Bird Clubs, 1926
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 32-33
Federation of Bird Clubs (merger), 1934-1938
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 34
Federation of Bird Clubs (Briggs estate, Hanover), 1935
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 35
Federation of Ontario Naturalists, 1957
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 36
Field trips, 1953-1954
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 37-38
Fiftieth anniversary luncheon, 1945-1946
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 39-43
Films and photos, 1961-1965
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 44
Finlayson, Helen, 1957-1964
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 45
Fish and wildlife advisory committee, 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 46
Fish and Wildlife Service (Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge controversy), 1954
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 47-49
Fish and Wildlife Service, 1953-1957
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 50
Fisheries and Game [Department], 1958-1959
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 51
Fitts, Goldie Adams (Mrs. Ralph W.), 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 52
Flagg, Wilson (re: English sparrow), 1883, 1941
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 53
Fletcher, Laurence B., 1949-1957
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 54
Flood Central, 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 55
Flood plain zone, 1958
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 56-58
Florida Audubon Society, 1952-1959
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 59-61
Forbush, Birds of Massachusetts, 1936-1940
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 62
Forbush Sanctuary, 1951
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folder 63
Form letters, 1946-1952
Carton 19SH 17HD /Folders 64-66
Foye, Elmer P. (Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary), 1952-1965

Carton 20 - "Frattasio, Vincent P." to "Huckings, Stuart"

Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 1
Frattasio, Vincent P. (art work), 1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 2
Frazier, Frank, Sr., 1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 3
"Friendly Fire," 1979-1980
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 4
Frontiers, 1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 5-6
Fund for Preservation of Wildlife, 1962-1964
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 7
Garden Club, 1951-1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 8-12
Georges Bank offshore oil, 1971-1979
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 13
Gifts and memorials, 1957-1959
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 14
Girl Scouts of America, 1947-1957
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 15
Grayce, Robert L., 1952-1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 16
Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, 1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 17
Grey seal, 1963-1964
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 18
Gull control - "Airports and Bird Problems," 1960
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 19-21
Gull control - correspondence, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 22-23
Gull control - Darling correspondence, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 24-25
Gull control - Logan Airport Electra crash, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 26-27
Gull control - Muskeget Island, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 28-29
Gull control - newspaper clippings, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 30-31
Gull control - reports, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 32
Gull control - statement by A. Morgan, 1960-1961
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 33
Gull control - Wetherbee, 1960
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 34
Gross, Alfred O. - gull study, 1960-1964
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 35
Harvard Engraving Co., 1952
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 36
Hatheway School of Adult Education (Drumlin Farm), 1957-1960
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 37-44
Hawk and Owl Bill, 1932-1938
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 45
Hawks and owls publications, undated
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 46
Hawk and Owl Law, 1956-1957
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 47
Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association, 1957
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 48
"Hell's Half Acre," Cambridge, 1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 49
Hemenway, Mrs. Augustus, 1958
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 50-51
Hendricks, Bartlett, 1957-1965
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 52-57
Heywood, Phillip, 1952-1965
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 58
Hingham ammunition dump, 1959
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 59
Hotels and inns, 1952-1957
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folder 60
Hough, Henry Beetle, 1957-1965
Carton 20SH 17R2 $Folders 61-63
Huckins, Stuart, 1958-1965

Carton 21 - "Insurance" to "May, John B."

Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 1
Insurance, 1951-1958
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 2-7
International Exhibition of Nature Photography, 1958-1959
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 8
International Union for the Protection of Nature, 1952
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 9-10
Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary, 1951-1962
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 11
Jack Miner Foundation, 1952
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 12
Japanese bird songs, 1954
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 13-14
Job Inquiries (Personnel), 1960-1962
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 15-17
Lawson, Ralph, 1933-1965
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 18-19
Lectures, 1958-1962
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 20-25
Legislation, 1933-1965
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 26
"Let's Go Exploring" correspondence, 1947-1948
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 27-28
"Let's Go Exploring" radio scripts, 1947
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 29
Libner Grain Co., Inc., 1958
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 30
Lichfield Hills Audubon Society, 1960
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 31
Little Cumberland Island, 1964
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 32
Logan International Airport project, 1961-1964
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 33
Lowell Institute program, 1958
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 34-35
Lund, Fred, 1958-1965
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 36
Lybrand, Ross Bros., and Montgomery (auditors), 1952-1957
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 37
MacFarland, Mrs. Jameson D. (Northboro property), 1960-1962
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 38
Magazine, 1961-1965
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 39
Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary, 1957-1960
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 40
Martin houses, inquiries, 1957
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 41-43
Mason, C. Russell - correspondence, 1952-1964
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 44-49
Mason, C. Russell - talks, 1940-1952
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 50-52
Mason, Edwin A. (Arcadia Wildlife Sanctuary), 1950-1965
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 53
Massachusetts, 1952-1960
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 54
Massachusetts Audubon Society, history of, 1958
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 55
Massachusetts Conservation Council, 1954-1957
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 56
Massachusetts Department of Conservation, 1952-1954
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolder 57
Massachusetts proclamations (Arbor and Bird Day), 1947-1948
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 58-59
Massachusetts Roadside Council, 1956-1957
Carton 21SH 17QW PFolders 60-62
May, John B., 1929-1964

Carton 22 - "Membership" to "Open Spaces"

Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 1
Membership, 1952-1964
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 2
Men's Garden Club of Boston, 1958-1961
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 3
Merganseres, depredation on salmon and trout, 1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 4
"Michigan-Out-of-Doors," 1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 5
Migratory bird treaty, 1956
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 6
Milk Island film, 1960-1962
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 7
Mill Grove, home of John J. Audubon, undated
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 8-9
Miner, David R. (Cook's Canyon), 1953-1965
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 10
Mockingbird record data, 1949-1953
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 11-12
Moose Hill Wildlife Sanctuary, 1931-1961
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 13
Morgan, Allen H. (personal), 1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 14
Morrison, Alva, 1952-1963
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 15
Morse, Mildred V., 1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 16
Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge, 1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 17
Mothball pines of Nantucket, 1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 18
Mount Greylock, 1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 19
Municipal Conservation Commissions, manual, 1961
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 20
Museum of Science, 1956-1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 21
Nahant Thicket Wildlife Sanctuary, advisory committee, 1957
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 22
Nantucket Garden Club, Mrs. Eugene A. Yates, 1961
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 23
National Audubon meeting, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 24-25
National Audubon meeting, Texas, 1962
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 26-33
National Audubon Society, 1958-1979
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 34
National Wildlife Federation, 1954
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 35-39
National Wildlife Week, 1961-1965
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 40
Natural history day camps, 1948
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 41
Natural Resources Council, Maine, undated
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 42
Natural Resources, Department of (Massachusetts), 1957-1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 43
Nature Conservancy, 1953-1954
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 44
Nature study books, 1949-1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 45
Nava, Joseph, Grafton Forrest Association, 1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 46-47
New England Camping Association, 1956-1957
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 48
New England conservation conferences, 1960
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 49
New England Wildflower Preservation Society, 1957-1960
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 50
New Hampshire Audubon Society, 1958-1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 51
New Jersey Audubon Society, 1958-1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 52
Newspaper clippings (general), 1952
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 53
Newsletters, 1952-1954
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 54
Newton Waterworks, 1956
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 55
Nominating committee, 1956-1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 56
North American Wildlife Conference, 1959
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 57-59
Northeast Utilities, 1970-1975
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 60
Northeast Bird-Banding Association, 1949-1958
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 61-64
Nuclear reactor safety, 1971-1979
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 65
Nuttall, Thomas, 1952
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folders 66-68
Nuttall Ornithological Club, 1949-1957
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 69
Office Equipment, 1950-1951
Carton 22SH 17R4 +Folder 70
Open Spaces, Citizens Committee for, 1958-1959

Carton 23 - "Parker River" to "Sanctuary Posters"

Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 1-7
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge (Plum Island), 1937-1966
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 8
Parking lot, 1956-1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 9
Pathescope Films catalog, ca. 1950
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 10
Patuyent Research Refuge (bird banding), 1958-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 11
Peacocks, undated
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 12
Pearson, Gilbert, 1933
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 13
Peregrine White Sanctuary, 1949-1951
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 14
Pequot-sepos Wildlife Sanctuary, Connecticut, undated
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 15-19
Pesticides, 1959-1964
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 20
Peterson, Roger Tory, 1951-1965
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 21
Pettingill, Olin Sewall, 1951-1964
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 22
Pheasants, 1942-1946
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 23
Pigeons, 1941-1964
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 24
Planting to attract birds, 1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 25-27
Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, 1951-1962
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 28-29
Plum Island Sanctuary (Parker River National Wildlife Refuge), 1945-1948
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 30
Printed material, 1957-1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 31
Proctor Sanctuary, Topsfield, 1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 32
Projector equipment, sources of, 1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 33-36
Public relations/publicity, 1958-1964
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 37
Publications committee, 1958-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 38-39
Parking lot, 1956-1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 40
Purple martins, 1954-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 41
Radio, 1951
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 42
Reports and papers, 1952
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 43
Reprints, 1938-1954
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 44
Rice (Dorothy Frances) Wildlife Sanctuary, 1957-1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 45
Ring-necked pheasant, 1950
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 46
Rocky Knoll Sanctuary lecture series, 1958
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 47-48
Rocky Knoll Sanctuary and Nature Center, 1958-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 49-52
Romaine, Lawrence, 1951-1965
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 53
Roosevelt Memorial Bird Sanctuary, undated
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 54-56
Root, Oscar M., 1951-1964
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 57
Roth, Charles, 1961-1965
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 58
Round Table of Naturalists and Scientists, 1960
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 59
Ruffed grouse populations survey, 1947
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 60
Sales department, 1954
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 61-63
Sampson's Island, 1959-1962
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 64-65
Sanborn, Alvah, 1951-1965
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 66
Sanctuary committee, 1933-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 67
Sanctuary directors, 1958-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 68
Sanctuary directors' conference, 1958-1959
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folders 69-70
Sanctuary directors, memos to, 1958-1962
Carton 23SH 17R5 %Folder 71
Sanctuary posters, 1951

Carton 24 - "Salt Marshes" to "Watson, Ina"

Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 1
Salt marshes, 1959-1962
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 2-5
Sanderson Brothers, 1951-1958
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 6
Shaub, Mrs. Mary S., 1956-1965
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 7-8
Shell Oil Company, 1962-1965
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 9
Shelburne, Frances, 1958-1965
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 10-11
Shop manager, 1962
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 12
Sinclair, Harry H., 1933
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 13
South Hadley Conservation Society, Inc., 1961
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 14
Special gifts committee, 1948
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 15-16
Springfield store, 1964
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 16A
Squibnocket Pond, 1964-1976
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 17
Staff lecturers, ca. 1950-1952
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 18-19
Staff memos and meeting notes, 1960-1962
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 20
"Staff Notes" (newsletters), 1958-1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 21
Stamps, 1954-1955
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 22
State birds, 1939-1946
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 23
Statements, monthly financial, 1951-1953
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 24
Statewide membership committee, 1952-1953
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 25
SuAsCo watershed (Sudbury, Assabet, and Concord Rivers), 1958
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 26
[Sudbury Valley Trustees], 1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 27
Surplus property, state agent for, 1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 28
Swigart, Edmund K., 1957-1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 29
Tax exemption, 1951
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 30
Teachers' conference, 1944-1948
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 31-33
Television, educational, 1958-1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 34
Television, appeal letters, 1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 35-37
Tern Island, 1938-1958
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 38-39
Thanks-gifts and contributions, 1961-1962
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 40
Thayer Museum, 1956-1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 41
Town conservation commissions, 1957
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 42
Travel service, 1957
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 43
Trustees for Conservation, 1961
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 44-45
Trustees of Public Reservations, 1946-1951
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 46
Underhill, Clinton, and Hester (Wachusett Meadows), 1956-1959
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 47
United Community Services, 1958
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 48
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization), 1949-1951
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 49
United States, 1952-1954
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 50
U.S. Post Office, "Records of New England Birds," 1954-1956
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 51
University of Massachusetts, Department of Recreation, 1952
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 52
University of Massachusetts, "Nature Guide" newsletters, 1950-1951
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 53
Vermont weekend campout, n.d.
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 54-55
Wachusett Meadows Wildlife Sanctuary, 1957-1963
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolders 56-64
Walcott, Judge Robert, 1936-1954
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 65
Warblers, 1951
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 66
Washburn Island, 1957-1958
Carton 24SH 17QV OFolder 67
Watson, Ina (Australia), 1958

Carton 25 - "Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary" to "Workshop, Natural Science"

Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 1-5
Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary, 1958-1962
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 6
Wellesley Conservation Council, 1958
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 7-8
Wetlands meeting (2 May 1958) 1956-1958
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 9
Whimbrel, undated
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 10
White Memorial Foundation, undated
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 11
Whooping cranes, 1953
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 12
Wildlife Conservation, Inc., 1951-1959
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 13
Wildlife protection organizations, 1948-1953
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 14
Wildwood Acres (Waltham, Massachusetts), 1958
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 15
Wildwood Nature Camp, 1958
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 16
Wilson, Alexander (Sports Illustrated article), 1956
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 17
Window nets, 1956
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 18-19
Wood duck bill, 1945
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 20
Wood duck nesting study, 1947
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 21
Wood ducks, 1947-1951
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 22
Woodpecker project, 1943
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolder 23
Workbook, natural science, 1958
Carton 25SH 17QX QFolders 24-29
Workshop, natural science, 1948-1957

Appendix II - Science Department Subject Files

Carton 35 - "ACEC" to "Endangered Species"

Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 31-32
ACEC (Areas of Critical Environmental Concern), 1989-1991
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 33
Birds - Bald eagle, 1972-1982
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 34
Birds - Beach bird survey project, 1981-1983
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 35-37
Birds - Black ducks, 1982-1984
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 38
Birds - Black-headed gulls, 1984
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 39
Birds - Bluebirds, undated
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 40
Birds - census, 1982
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 41
Birds - Coastal, 1981
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 42
Birds - California condor, 1972-1980
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 43
Birds - Geese, 1984-1987
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 44
Birds - General, 1968-1984
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 45-46
Birds - Golden-winged warblers, 1980-1987
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 47
Birds - Herons, 1974-1975
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 48
Birds - Mallards, 1969
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 49
Birds - Osprey, 1972
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 50
Birds - Owls, 1982-1983
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 51
Birds - Piping plover, 1986
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 52
Birds - Red-winged blackbirds, undated
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 53
Birds - Shorebird Proposal, 1981
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 54
Birds - Tropic birds, 1986
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 55-56
Birds - Waterfowl (steel shot), 1981-1985
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 57
Cape Cod/Plymouth development statistics, 1985-1987
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 58
Endangered species - articles, 1978-1981
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 59
Endangered species - clothing trade, ca. 1970
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 60
Endangered species - Dall porpoise coalition, 1981
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 61
Endangered species - international trade, 1980-1981
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolders 62-64
Endangered species - Marine Mammal Protection Act, 1980-1982
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 65
Endangered species - plants and animals lists, 1983-1985
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 66
Endangered species - Sandhill crane, 1974-1975
Carton 35SH 17FT BFolder 67
Endangered species - testimony of W. Drury, 1971

Carton 36 - "Furbearers" to "Wildlife Diseases"

Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 1
Furbearers - trapping, ca. 1978-1982
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 2
Georges Bank, 1972-1982
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 3-4
Insects, undated
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 5
Mammals, 1974
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 6
Mammals - Bats, 1970-1983
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 7-8
Mammals - Bobcats, ca. 1950-1981
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 9-12
Mammals - Coyotes, 1972-1982
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 13
Mammals - Deer, 1977-1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 14
Mammals - Fishers, 1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 15
Mammals - Grey seals, 1982
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 16
Mammals - Peromyscus, undated
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 17-20
Mammals - Porpoise/tuna, 1974
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 21
Mammals - Raccoons, 1977
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 22
Mammals - Seals, 1971
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 23
Mammals - Squirrels, 1980
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 24
Mammals - Timber wolves, 1982
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 25
Mammals - Whales (bowhead), 1980
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 26-27
Mason Act affidavits, 1970
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 28
Migratory species convention, 1979
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 29
Peregrine recovery program, 1974
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 30
Pesticides and wildlife, 1986-1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 31-35
Pesticide white paper, 1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 36
Recreational hunting and fishing values, 1976-1985
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 37
Reptiles, 1981-1986
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 38
Reptiles - Sea turtles, 1981-1982
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 39-40
Steel traps, 1972-1984
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 41
Terns (least), 1973-1981
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 42
Vehicle traffic in recreational areas, 1982-1988
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolders 43-44
Wildlife, general, 1974-1981
Carton 36SH 17FV DFolder 45
Wildlife diseases, 1971-1986

Preferred Citation

Massachusetts Audubon Society records, Massachusetts Historical Society.

Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in ABIGAIL, the online catalog of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Researchers desiring materials about related persons, organizations, or subjects should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Allen, Francis H. (Francis Henry), 1866-1953.
Austin, Oliver Luther, 1903-1988.
Clayton, Gary.
Bertrand, Gerard Adrian, 1943-.
Burgess, Thornton W. (Thornton Waldo), 1874-1965.
Mason, C. Russell.
Morgan, Allen H.
Packard, Winthrop, 1862-1943.

Organizations:

Arcadia Wildlife Sanctuary (Northhampton, Mass.).
Austin Ornithological Research Station (Wellfleet, Mass.).
Broadmoor Wildlife Sanctuary (Natick, Mass.).
Drumlin Farm (Lincoln, Mass.).
Habitat Education Center (Belmont, Mass.).
Habitat, Inc. (Belmont, Mass.).
Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary (Topsfield, Mass.).
Laughing Brook Education Center (Hampden, Mass.).
Moose Hill Wildlife Sanctuary (Sharon, Mass.).
Morse-Allen, Inc.
Nantucket Ornithological Society (Nantucket, Mass.).
Nuttall Ornithological Club (Cambridge, Mass.).
Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary (Lenox, Mass.).
Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary (Wellfleet, Mass.).

Subjects:

Audubon societies--Massachusetts.
Birds--Conservation.
Birds--Massachusetts--Societies, etc.
Bird refuges--Massachusetts.
Conservation of natural resources--Government policy--United States.
Energy conservation--Study and teaching.
Environmental education-- Periodicals.
Natural history--Study and teaching.
Nature centers--Massachusetts.
Nature conservation--Laws and legislation.
Nature conservation--Massachusetts--Research.
Nature films.
Nature study--Activity programs.
Ornithologists--Massachusetts.
Ornithology--Societies, etc.
Outdoor education--Massachusetts.
Terns--Behavior.
Wildlife management--Terns.