BRITISH TROOPS ;
RUNAWAY FIGHT OF THE REGULARS.
Being the PARTICULARS of the VICTORIOUS BATTLE fought at and near
CONCORD, situated Twenty Miles from
Boston, in the Province of the
sachusetts-Bay, between Two Thousand Regular Troops, belonging to His Britannic Majesty, and a few Hundred Provincial Troops, belonging to the Province of
Massachusetts-Bay, which lasted from sunrise until sunset, on the 19th of April, 1775, when it was decided greatly in favor of the latter. These particulars are
published in this cheap form, at the request of the friends of the deceased WORTHIES, who died gloriously fighting in the CAUSE OF LIBERTY and their COUNTRY,
and it is their sincere desire that every Householder in the country, who are sincere well-wishers to America, may be possessed of the same, either to frame
and glass, or otherwise to preserve in their houses, not only as a Token of Gratitude to the memory of the Deceased Forty Persons, but as a perpetual me-
morial of that important event, on which, perhaps, may depend the future Freedom and Greatness of the Commonwealth of America. To which is annexed a
Funeral Elegy on those who were slain in the Battle.
From E. Russell's Salem
Newbury and Marblehead
on Friday, April 21, 1775.
Tuesday evening the eighteenth instant, a body
of soldiers under the com-
mand of Lieutenant-Colonel Smith, to the amount of about eight hundred men,
embarked from Barton's Point in Boston, about eleven o'clock, crossed Charles-
River, landed at Phips's-Farm, in Cambridge, and marched immediately up to Lex-
ington, near twelve miles from Boston ; at sunrise they observing between thirty
and forty inhabitants exercising near the meeting-house, the Commanding-Officer
ordered them to lay down their arms and disperse, which not being directly com-
plied with, he "demanded them for a pack of rebels," ordered his men to fire upon
them, and killed eight men upon the spot, besides wounding several more. The
army then proceeded to Concord, drew up on the parade, near the meeting-house,
during which time the inhabitants from the neighboring towns collected and took
possession of the adjacent hills ; about eleven o'clock the firing began on both sides,
which lasted near an hour, when the regular troops began to retreat, the provin-
cials closely pursuing them to a bridge at a small distance, which the regulars took
up as they passed ; then they renewed the fire, and some were slain on both sides ;
but the regulars still retreated, and the provincials pursued them down to Lexington,
where the regulars, about three o'clock in the afternoon, met with a reinforcement
of about twelve hundred men commanded by Earl Percy, with two brass field
pieces ; they again renewed the attack on the provincials, but soon thought
proper further to retreat towards their head-quarters, the provincials pursued them
into Charlestown, where they arrived at 6 o'clock ; taking immediately, an advan-
tageous post on Bunker's-Hill, about a mile from the ferry ; the provincials now
discontinued the pursuit. The loss on either side we have not yet been able to
ascertain, but it is said about one hundred regulars were killed and fifty wounded,
among which were several officers : Two officers and a number of soldiers were
taken prisoners. On the part of the province, we hear that thirty-five were slain,
and several wounded. The above is as particular an account of the engagement, as
can at this time be collected, in the present confused state of the province.
We hear an officer and his servant, with two pair of pistols, were yesterday
and secured by our people, at Roxbury, on their way to Castle-William.
SALEM, April 25:
Wednesday, the nineteenth of April, the troops
of His Britannic Majesty
commenced hostilities upon the people of this province, attended with circum-
stances of cruelty not less brutal than what our venerable Ancestors received from
the vilest savages of the wilderness. The particulars relative to this interesting
event, by which we are involved in all the horrors of a civil war, we have en-
deavored to collect as well as the present confused state of affairs will admit.
On Thursday evening a detachment from the army, consisting, it is said, of
or nine hundred men, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Smith, embarked at the
bottom of the common in Boston, on board a number of Boats, and landed at Philips's-
farm, a little way up Charles-River, from whence they proceeded with silence and
expedition, on their way to Concord, about twenty miles from Boston. The people
were soon alarmed, and began to assemble, in several towns, before day-light, in
order to watch the motion of the troops. At Lexington, six miles below Concord,
a company of militia, of about one hundred men, mustered near the meeting-house ;
the troops came in sight of them just before sunrise ; and running within a few
rods of them, the Commanding-Officer accosted the militia in words to this effect : --
"Disperse you rebels -- Damn you throw down your arms and disperse ;' Upon
which the troops huzza'd, and immediately one or two officers discharged their
pistols, which were instantaneously followed by the firing or four or five of the
soldiers, and then their seemed to be a general discharge from the whole body.
Eight of our men were killed, and nine wounded. In a few minutes after this
action the enemy renewed their march for Concord ; at which place they destroyed
several carriages, carriage-wheels, and about twenty barrels of flour, all belonging
to the province. Here about one hundred men, going towards a bridge, of which
the enemy were in possession, the latter fired, and killed two of our men, who then
returned the fire, and obliged the enemy to retreat back to Lexington, where they
met Lord Percy, with a large reinforcement, with two pieces of a cannon. The enemy
now having a body of about eighteen hundred men made a halt, picked up many of
their dead and took care of their wounded. At Menotomy, a few of the men, be-
longing to the detachment from Lynn-End, attacked a party of twelve of the enemy
(carrying stores and provisions to the troops) killed two of them, wounded several,
took six prisoners, shot five horses, and took possession of all their arms, stores,
provisions, &c., without any loss on our side ; among those who were killed was a
Lieutenant, who went with the provisions for his recreation and to view the coun-
try, the officer of the guard who generally attends on such occasions being only a
serjant. -- The enemy having halted one or two hours at Lexington, found it necessa-
ry to make a second retreat, carrying with them many of their dead and wounded,
who they put into chaises and on horses they found standing in the road.
They continued their retreat from Lexington to Charlestown with great precipita-
tion ; and notwithstanding their field pieces, our people continued the pursuit, fir-
ing at them until they got to Charlestown neck, (which they reached a little after
sunset) over which the enemy passed, proceeded up Bunker's-Hill, and soon after-
wards went into the town, under the protection of the Somerset man of war of
Lexington the enemy set fire to Deacon
Joseph's Loring's house and barn, Mrs.
Mulliken's house and shop, and Mr. Joshua Ind's house and shop, which were all
consumed. The [They] also set fire to several other houses, but our people extinguished
troying doors, windows, glasses, &c., and carrying off clothing and other valuable
effects. It appeared to be their design to burn and destroy all before them ; and
nothing but our vigorous pursuit prevented their infernal purposes from being put
in execution. But the savage barbarity exercised upon the bodies of our unfortu-
nate brethren who fell, is almost incredible. Not content with shooting down the
unarmed, aged, and infirm, they disregarded the cries of the wounded, killed them
without mercy, and mangling their bodies in the most shocking manner.
We have the pleasure to say, that notwithstanding the highest
given by the enemy, not one instance of cruelty, that we have heard of was com-
mitted by our victorious militia ; but, listened to the merciful dictates of the chris-
tian [Christian] religion, they "breathed higher sentiments of humanity."
By an account of the loss of the enemy, said to have come from an officer of
of the men of war, it appears that sixty-three of the regulars, and forty-nine marines
were killed, and one hundred and three of both wounded : In all two hundred
and fifteen. Lieut. Gould, of the fourth regiment, who is wounded, and Lieut.
Potter, of the marines, and about twelve soldiers, are prisoners.
Mr. James Howard and one of the regulars
discharged their pieces at the same
instant, and each killed the other.
The public most sincerely sympathize with the friends, and relations of our
ceased brethren, who gloriously sacrificed their lives in fighting for the liberties of
their country. By their noble, intrepid conduct, in helping to defeat the forces of
an ungrateful Tyrant, they have endeared their memories to the present generation,
who will transmit their virtues down to the latest posterity.
The above account is the best we have been able to obtain. We can only
that the town of Boston is now invested by a vast army of our brave countrymen,
who have flown to our assistance from all quarters. GOD grant them assistance
in the extirpation of our cruel and unnatural enemies.
SALEM, May 5.
nineteenth of April, was killed among others,
by the British troops, at
Menotomy, as he was courageously defending his country's rights, the good,
the pious, and friendly Mr. DANIEL TOWNSEND of Lynn-End. He was a constant
and ready friend to the poor and afflicted ; a good adviser in the case of difficulty, and
an able, mild, and sincere reprover of those who were out of the way. In short,
he was a friend to his country, a blessing to society, and an ornament to the church
of which he was a member. He has left an amiable consort, and five young child-
ren, to bewail the loss.
Thursday the twentieth past, the bodies of
eleven of the unfortunate persons
who fell in the battle, were collected together and buried at Medford.
And on Friday the bodies of Messrs.Henry Jacobs,
Samuel Cook, Ebenezer
Goldthwait, George Southwick, Benjamin Daland Jun., Jotham Webb, and and Perley
Putnam of Danvers, who were likewise slain fighting in the GLORIOUS CAUSE
OF LIBERTY AND THEIR COUNTRY, on the nineteenth of April, were re-
spectfully interred among their friends in the different parishes belonging to that
town, their corpse being attended to the place of interment by two companies of
minute-men from this place, and a large concourse of people from this and the
neighboring towns ; previous to that interment, an excellent and well adapted prayer
was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Holt, of that place.
Same day, the remains of Messrs. Azel Porter and
Daniel Thompson, of
who also fell victims to tyranny, were decently interred at that place, attended to
the grave by a multitude of persons who assmebled on the occasion from that and
the neighboring towns : Before they were interred, a very suitable sermon and
prayer was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Sherman.
Captain Thomas Knights, of the fifth regiment, died at
Boston the next day after
the engagement, of his wounds he received in the same. He was greatly regretted
being esteemed one of the best officers among the King's troops.
Lieut. Hull, of the regulars, died of his wounds on
Wednesday last at the provin-
cial hospital : His remains were next day conveyed to Charlestown, attended by a
company of provincials, and several officers of distinction, and there delivered to the
order of General Gage. Twenty-three wounded soldiers lately died at the Castle.
Lieutenant Hawkshaw was wounded in the cheek, and it is tho't will not recover.
Lieutenant Gore was wounded in the arm : About 12 other officers are wounded.
We can assure the public, from the best authority, that our brethren, of all
colonies which we can yet have heard from, are firm and unshaken in their attach-
ment to the common cause of America ; and that they are now ready, with their lives
and fortunes, to assist us in defeating the cruel designs of our implacable enemies.
We have received no particulars of the transactions between General
the inhabitants of Boston. It is certain that the people have delivered up their arms ;
very few of them have, however been permitted to leave the town, notwithstanding
the promise of the General.
The following is a list of the Provincials who were KILLED and WOUNDED.
(a Negro Man)
Those distinguished with this mark [*] were killed by the first fire of the enemy.[Bottom section of broadside:]
Of those WORTHIES who were slain in the
Battle of Concord, April 19, 1775.