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Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 25 April 1796

And why should I feel so anxious, so heavy at my Heart, and so depressed in my Spirits? I can not help it. Aya, theres the Rub. If I could help the matter; Seeing the Subject in the light in which I view it, I would instantly comply, and vote the necessary measures for preserving the plighted Faith, the honour, reputation and the Peace of my Country. These were my Sleepless reflections, as I lay ruminating upon the contents of your Letters of the 9th. [John to Abigail, 09 April 1796] and 13th [John to Abigail, 13 April 1796] . I wanted to write the next day, but I could not take my pen. I could not sit down with a mind at ease. My reflections were painfull and my anticipations gloomy. Whilst I was in this State of mind Mr. Gardner arrived, and brought me Letters from our dear Son in England, News papers and pamphlets. The pleasure of hearing directly from him, and seeing his particular Friend revived my Spirits, and gave me a temporary relief. The latest date is the 20 and 28 Febry. I have papers to the 11th. of March. His Letters acknowledg the receipt of Letters by Scott. He writs but little politicks. He says every thing in England is very quiet, tho the Scarcity of Bread was constantly increasing, and that the winter had been mild beyond all example, that Mr. Randolph vindication had been publishd there. He observes "Among the thousand proofs that I meet with every day, of the influence that party spirit has upon the moral Sense, I have considerd it as one of the strongest, that there are Americans, who avow themselves of opinion that his

conduct amounted only to an indiscretion, and that he has been rankly treated. Whilst I am writing he adds I receive the Boston Centinels to the 27th. of Janry. The Speach of the G.r. at the opening of the Sessions is almost as strange to me, as Randolphs vindication. Indeed the Massachusetts have great respect for persons or they would hardly suffer a Man, depreciated to the delivery of such a speach, to appear in the face of the World as their Chief Magistrate." He had been un well, and found it necessary to take a journey, which he did in company with his Friends Craffts and Gardner to Cambridge. The excursion was an agreable one and was of Service to him. Thomas too, had been visited in Janry. with his Rhumatick complaint, but was better. He says that his last Letters from America, after the meeting of Congress gave him a more pleasing aspect of the State of our affairs and encouraged him to hope that our Peace would be yet preserved, and that comprehended in itself the enjoyment of almost every blessing that a Nation could possess."

I fear his and our hopes will be frustrated, Last Evening I received Yours of the 16 [John to Abigail, 16 April 1796] and 19th [John to Abigail, 19 April 1796] . There is not much more encouragement in them, than in the former but the Sensation is spreading far and wide; the allarm for the peace of the Country strikes forceably. You will see by the papers the votes and resolves of Salem. The petition in Boston was yesterday filld by 15 hundred Subscriber, and opend only the day before. The Clergy as a Body are uniting in a similar petition; there

An attempt at calling a Town meeting, by the old Jacobin party. As yet they have not succeeded. Commerce is obstructed, merchants are discharging their Sailors, underwriters refusing to insure the Mechanicks ask what does this mean? In an other fortnight the Damage will be more seriously felt, as the Stagnation increases.

Whilst the publick is thus threatned I can say nothing to induce you to quit your pound. Otherways I should wish you at home, and press for your return. The Season is uncommonly dry, more so than even the spring before the last. The Earth is like powder. Our people yesterday finishd the sowing and rooling the Hill. They next go to the potato Ground. Cleopatra has been turnd into the Green behind the Barn for this fortnight and has not had any Grain for some time. The Clover looks well. I have purchased six Tons of English Hay 4 for my Horses and one for Burrels Barn, and one for the other place. One more I must have here. I was fortunate to get it as I did. The price has risen to Six and Seven pounds in a few days, oweing to the prospect of a drougth. What can not be remedyd must be endured, but I am put to much of this expence, merely for want of useing the poorer Hay in its proper season. Surely we had more english Hay by many Tons last Year than  [illegible we ever had before. I hope the present Year we shall not Labour to such disadvantage as the last. To have to purchase a hundred and 20 dollors worth of English Hay, is too, too bad. Adieu adieu. Hopeing to hear more agreable intelligence I am most affectionatly

A Adams

[Endorsement -- see page image]

Cite web page as: Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 25 April 1796 [electronic edition]. Adams Family Papers: An Electronic Archive. Massachusetts Historical Society. http://www.masshist.org/digitaladams/
Original manuscript: Adams, Abigail. Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams, 25 April 1796. 4 pages. Original manuscript from the Adams Family Papers, Massachusetts Historical Society.
Source of transcription: Adams Papers Editorial Project. Unverified transcriptions.
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