Phillis Wheatley, The Poems of Phillis Wheatley, edited by Julian D. Mason (Chapel Hill: University of North Caroline Press, 1989).

Phillis Wheatley, The Collected Works of Phillis Wheatley, edited by John C. Shields (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Brenda M. Lawson, entry #142, in Witness to America's Past: Two Centuries of Collecting by the Massachusetts Historical Society (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1991), pp. 167-168.

John C. Shields, "Wheatley, Phillis," in American National Biography, vol. 23 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Saunders Redding, "Wheatley, Phillis," in Notable American Women, 1607-1950, edited by Edward T. James et al., vol. 3 (Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971).

Sidney Kaplan and Emma Nogrady Kaplan, The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution, rev. ed. (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1989), pp. 170-191.

Jean Fagan Yellin and Cynthia D. Bond, comps., The Pen is Ours: A Listing of Writings by and about African-American Women prior to 1910 with Secondary Bibliography to the Present (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).