Papers of John Adams, volume 2

From William Tudor

From Edward Dilly

From Benjamin Kent, 23 September 1774 Kent, Benjamin JA From Benjamin Kent, 23 September 1774 Kent, Benjamin Adams, John
From Benjamin Kent
Boston, Septr. 23, 1774

Our enemies, for their own further security, as well as to bring the town into the most complete dependence on the army and navy, spare no labor or pains; they suffer no owner of powder to take a single grain out of the town's magazine, and there is none to be bought in the town. Two or three days ago, after the men of war had spiked up our cannon at the battery, they robbed us of six good pieces of large cannon, as we were carrying them in a gondola through the mill pond to Watertown. They take and keep the guns and cutlasses out of carts and wagons going over the Neck; and no doubt, if they thought they could disarm the town they would do it instantly. [He then mentions that their friends in Connecticut urged them to act before General Gage should receive the additional regiments which he expected —but that the people of Boston “would not undertake any thing material before they heard from the grand council of America, which 171we hope will remain forever.”]1 He then expresses a wish that the congress would consider their case, and says, “we are not suspicious that it can possibly be disagreeable to the grand congress that we should do everything in our power towards our defence; but to lie still so long as in any measure to disable us to secure ourselves by and bye, when we can now prevent it, would be very unwise, and it may be fatal to the town.” “It is necessary for us, as far as we can, to prepare for the worst that can happen; that we may not be unhappily surprised when the worst shall come. Look into Europe and see how tyranny flourishes; and if the tyrants will but join their forces, in a little time not one free state will be left on the other side of the Atlantic—which God forbid!

In conclusion he says, “I2 do most heartily hope and desire, the body of representatives of all the colonies, may have eternity, for the glory of God, and the happiness of the American world. This is the prayer of the faith of your and their most cordial brother and friend.”

MS not found. Reprinted from extract in (Niles, Principles and Acts ), p. 322–323.


Niles is not consistent in providing quotation marks for Kent's words or brackets for his own.


Benjamin Kent (1708–1788) graduated from Harvard in 1727 and became a minister, a career that soon ended because of charges of heresy which resulted in his being dismissed from the Marlborough church in 1735. Thereafter he became a prominent lawyer and a leading citizen of Boston, where he sat on more committees after 1750 than any other person. Although he was a whig and served as Attorney General of Suffolk co. during the Revolution, the members of his family were loyalists, who made their way to Halifax. Kent joined them there in 1785 (Sibley-Shipton, Harvard Graduates , 8:220–230; JA, Diary and Autobiography , 1:passim).