Papers of John Adams, volume 3

To John Thomas, 13 November 1775 JA Thomas, John


To John Thomas, 13 November 1775 Adams, John Thomas, John
To John Thomas
Philadelphia Novr. 13th 1775 Sir

I am much obliged to you for two Letters one by the Committee:1 the other dated Novr. 1.

The subject of the first is not yet determined in Congress, but I have no doubt your Desires will be complied with.2

As soon as I received the last I waited on Dr. Morgan and shewed your Letter, together with one from Mr. Gordon and a very sensible one from Dr. Hayward relative to the same subject.3 Mr. Aspinwall 294was known to Dr. Morgan, and well esteemed. Of this Gentleman I know nothing but by Character. Dr. Hayward I know personally and highly esteemed.

I hope, that neither Aspinwall nor Hayward will be removed, but it will depend much on the Representations of Dr. Morgan, which I dare say will not be against Either of them. No doubt he will think two surgeons necessary at Roxbury, and represent accordingly and then Congress will probably establish them.

You may depend upon the little in my Power at all Times, to assist Merit and promote the service. As Congress has made the Postage of Letters, free4 I hope to receive more frequent Intelligence from my Friends for the future, and you may be assured sir, that every Line from you will be peculiarly acceptable to, sir your most obedient sert

John Adams

The Sum total of all Intelligence from England is that the first Man5 is “unalterably determined, Let the Event and Consequences be what they will to compell the Colonies to absolute Obedience.” Poor, deluded Man!

RC (MHi: John Thomas Papers); addressed: “To General Thomas Roxbury favoured by Dr Morgan”; docketed: “Mr. J. Adams Letter 13. Nov.”


Thomas to JA, 24 Oct. (above), was carried by the congressional committee that had visited Massachusetts in October.


Probably Thomas' desire to see Richard Gridley replaced.


William Gordon to JA, 25 Oct., containing an enclosure from Dr. Lemuel Hayward, and Hayward to JA, 1 Nov. (both above).


On 8 Nov. the congress had resolved that all letters to and from a delegate should go “free of postage” ( JCC , 3:342).


George III. JA's contemptuous reference loses something with the passage of time, but it should be remembered that Americans still drank the health of the king and referred to “ministerial” policies and troops as a way of shifting blame away from the royal person.

To Samuel Osgood <choice> <sic>Jr.</sic> <corr resp="apeds"> </corr> </choice>, 14 November 1775 JA Osgood, Samuel


To Samuel Osgood , 14 November 1775 Adams, John Osgood, Samuel
To Samuel Osgood Jr.
Novr: 14. 1775

I was yesterday favoured with your agreable Letter by Captn. Price, for which as well as a former Letter I acknowledge myself much obliged to you.1

In such a Period as this, Sir, when Thirteen Colonies unacquainted in a great Measure, with each other, are rushing together into one Mass, it would be a Miracle, if Such heterogeneous Ingredients did not at first produce violent Fermentations. These ought to be expected, and prepared for by every Man concerned in the Conduct of our Councils or Arms.


I hope the Generals will act with Discernment and Integrity in Seperating those officers who are to be discharged from the rest. But the Reduction of the Regiments cannot be avoided. Our Province had So many more officers than other Colonies in Proportion to their Number of Men, that altho the Congress excused it for the Time passed, in Consideration of the Confusion and Distress of our Affairs when the Troops were raised, yet they will not consent that the Inconvenience should continue, now there is Leisure to correct the Error.

I am much concerned at Times on Account of the Pay of the Privates. It is thought here to be very exorbitant, and many Gentlemen are under great Concern about the Consequences. The Expence of the War will accumulate upon the Colonies a Debt, like that of our Enemies. And We have no Funds out of which even the Interest can be paid, and our People are not used to Taxes upon the Luxuries, much less upon the Conveniences and Necessaries of Life.

I shall always be obliged to you for Information, which at this distance is much wanted. You may write with the Utmost Freedom to me, the minutest Particulars. I shall make no use of such Freedoms to your Disadvantage, may improve them to the Benefit of the Public. Be careful however of your Conveyances.

My respectful Compliments to General Ward and all his Family. I am with much Respect your very humblest, John Adams

RC (NHi: Osgood Papers); addressed: “To Samuel Osgood Jur Esqr Aide de Camp to General Ward Roxbury To the Care of Coll Warren”; docketed: “Jno. Adams 1775.” The second page of the MS is mutilated at the right edge.


Osgood to JA, 23 Oct. and 4 Nov. (both above).