Papers of John Adams, volume 4

From William Tudor

From Joseph Ward

From Samuel Chase, 8 July 1776 Chase, Samuel JA From Samuel Chase, 8 July 1776 Chase, Samuel Adams, John
From Samuel Chase
My Dear Sir Annapolis. July 8th. 1776 Monday

Mr. Paca can show You the Declaration of our Convention, different from the one in December.1 We have declared the Throne vacant, and by the Omnipotence of our Power, in the Stile of the Papal Chair, We have absolved the people from their Allegiance—this too before You have done it. I hope the Congress will not be offended with our advancing before we received their Orders.


Our Colony will exert every Nerve to force the Cause. The Utmost Diligence will be used to raise our Militia.2 Our Battalion of Regulars leave this on Tomorrow.3 Think them worthy of being seen by You, and your Brethren.

We are in the greatest Distress for Arms. Our Convention has advanced a Months pay to the Militia and have ordered £5,000 to buy Arms. Would it not be prudent immediately to send one of our Men of War to Martinico to purchase 20,000 Stands of Arms, 20 brass field pieces and 50 Ton of powder on the Credit of the United Colonies—to be paid in Money or produce at a stated price? Think of this.

I have some Hopes of Seeing You in about ten Days. Mr. Carroll leaves his Home next Sunday.

I must be remembered to Mrs. Adams and our Independent Souls. Adieu. Your Friend and Servant S Chase

RC (Adams Papers).


The Maryland declaration, entered in the journal of the Convention on 6 July, is in Force, Archives , 4th ser., 6:1506–1507. Apparently Chase had not yet heard of the action of the congress or of the Declaration of Independence.


The congress had requested Maryland to furnish 3,400 militiamen for the Flying Camp ( JCC , 4:412–413).


Probably a reference to the four companies of Germans, which, together with four such companies from Pennsylvania, were to serve three years as the German battalion (same, 5:487–488).