Papers of John Adams, volume 12

96 To Edmund Jenings, 29 November 1781 JA Jenings, Edmund


To Edmund Jenings, 29 November 1781 Adams, John Jenings, Edmund
To Edmund Jenings
29. Nov. 17811 Sir

I have recd your favours of the 14 and of the 26.

I thank you for the Extract, and hope you will discover by whom and to whom it was written.2

That they do not give to me, a very blind Confidence is true. That they have given orders to some Persons to Spy me, may be true. That they know me to be an honest Man, and inflexible in the cause, and perhaps some times too ardent, I am certain. That I abo[u]nd too much in my own Conceit is alass I fear much too true, that I dont know how to accommodate myself aux convenances is false, that I will not accommodate myself to any thing mean that I will not be the Tool of Mistresses,3 Cornis Cronies, and the Understrappers of Mistresses and Cronies is determined as the Destinies. That they place confidence in Monsr Fra. is not true. It is Mr Chaumont they confide in.4

As to their Spies, if they observe accurately like astronomers and record faithfully, they will destribe a Portrait of a Life and Conversation that deserves the Imitation of their Masters.

But my Friend, to lay aside all these minute observations, have I not Reason to abound in my own sense? When I reflect, that these their Little Miffs, are occasioned wholly, by my pointing out to them and earnestly soliciting for three Years together, a System of Policy and military operations, which they are this moment carrying into Execution with tryumphant Success. A System which if they had adopted three years ago, when I pointed it out to them in Writings which will remain and Speak for themselves and in Conversations which will not be forgotten, Charlestown had been saved, Virginia had been Saved as well as the Carolinas from all the Ravages, and the Allies would have been two years ago in as good a situation as they are now. I wish you had seen the whole Chain of a Correspondence of which you have seen some Links. You have seen enough however, to be Sensible that they are piqued at their own Impolicy in neglecting so long a Plan they have been obliged to adopt at last, and that my Letters have reduced to Writing, and to Documents of History their Impolicy for a long time and their Wisdom at last.

It is very true that Seeing as I did, the best Plans neglected for year after year Plans which had been laid before them, and Supported with irresistable Demonstrations. Plans which were not only 97presented to them in Writing by me, and my Colleagues5 but urged upon them at my desire by Numbers of their own Courtiers, Seeing at the same time Charleston lost, the two Carolinas and Virginia likely to be ravaged and the blood of my Countrymen flowing like Water, merely because they would not hearken to reason,—after this I confess I felt little personal Concern about preserving their good Humour, and being ill treated in a Letter by a Minister umbone repellebatur umbo.6

This Minister is the only one, between whom and me, there every passed a severe Word in Conversation or in Writing—nor had I ever an unkind word that I remember from any body else in France. It is this Minister alone and his Confidents that I mean in this Letter.7

However all this is blown over, and let it be forgotten. I am now in high Confidence, with this Minister and, with the french Minister here.8 Let therefore all be forgotten. Your own Prudence will dictate, the necessary cautions about this Letter.

I thank you for your Care in sending me Receipts from the Prisoners. The next time I send a Bill it shall not have Upon it the Name, which gives so much offence to Friends, Foes, Allies Ennemies and all. But it will outlive all these little offences.

Pray put me into a Safe Way of Writing to your Friends at Madrid. I am determined to find a Secret and Safe Way if possible.

I wish the French Court would, adopt the Resolution to send all the supplies of Cloathing Arms &c themselves, or grant Money, for Congress to draw Bills for only. As long as American Ministers, Consuls, or Agents have Money to lay out in France, there will always be, Jealousies Envys and Questions about Confidence, that have no Relation to Merit.

Dft (Adams Papers;) notation: “not to be sent.”


Compare this letter with JA’s second and more circumspect letter to Jenings of this date, which he did send, below.


See Jenings’ letter of 14 Nov., above.


JA interlined the previous eight words.


JA interlined this sentence.


JA interlined the previous three words.


To be repelled by the boss of a shield. JA presumably means that he was well armored against any criticism Vergennes leveled against him.


In this and the preceding two paragraphs, JA refers to his belief that France had centered its war effort for too long on operations in European waters and the West Indies rather than on the North American coast. As a result, French aid to the United States, both naval and military, had been insufficient to achieve a decisive victory. He had expressed these views in the American Commissioners’ memorial to the Comte de Vergennes of ante 20 Dec. 1778 – ante 9 Jan. 1779 (vol. 7:292–311), of which he was the principal author; and more recently in his letter of 13 July 1780 to Vergennes (vol. 9:520–529). JA’s position on French aid, together with his efforts to execute his original mission to negotiate Anglo-American peace and commercial treaties, brought him into sharp conflict with Vergennes in 1780, for 98which see The Dispute with the Comte de Vergennes, 13–29 July 1780, and references there (same, p. 516–520).


Presumably, JA believed that his meetings with Vergennes in July and his efforts in the Netherlands, which had not been directly opposed by the French government, had improved his standing with the foreign minister. See La Vauguyon’s letter of 17 April, note 1 (vol. 11:263–265) for JA’s view of his relations with Vergennes and the French ambassador.

To Edmund Jenings, 29 November 1781 JA Jenings, Edmund


To Edmund Jenings, 29 November 1781 Adams, John Jenings, Edmund
To Edmund Jenings
Amsterdam Nov. 29. 1781 Sir

I have recd your favours of 14 and 26. I thank you for the Extract, and hope you will discover by whom and to whom it was written. I dont See the Virtue nor the Wisdom, nor the Honour of writing Such Things to the English. It would be Sufficient, one should think to write them to America. However, just as they please. As long as they pursue with tryumphant success, the System, which was urged with so much Ardour as to give offence, I am very easy.

I thank you sir for your Care in sending me Receipts from the Prisoners Manley, Talbot, Field, Curtis, Bass, Savil, and Newcomb. The next time I send a Bill it shall not have my name upon it, which was unnecessarily done in this Case and against my Intention.

Pray put me into a safe Way of Writing to our Friends at Madrid.

I have, caused to be neatly bound, the first Volume of the Politique Hollandais, but have not yet found a Conveyance for it to you. The first that presents I will embrace.

We have no Mail from London, for a long time. I presume they will be kept back.

There will be much Noise in Parliament, but the Madmen will pursue their Course. Their Ennemies must have more Tryumphs yet, and themselves more Humiliations. We have yet more interesting News to hear before the Close of the Campain. The fate of Clinton and Graves, is not less problematical at present than that of Cornwallis was Six Weeks ago.

Civil Government is again established in Georgia and South Carolina, and I fancy all the southern states will have a quiet and a joyfull Winter.

Cornwallis has fared worse than Burgoine. What an Army has he sacrificed? Not less, I believe than, fifteen thousand Men. He comes I hope to take his Place among the Lords—it is very proper that America should have at least one Prisoner of War in each house of Parliament, while the English have one american a Prisoner of state in the Tower. When will the Folly and Absurdity of this nation have an End?


General Greens Victory, near Charlestown, is very nearly as important in the Sum of Things, as the Capture of Cornwallis. The Cash which Cornwallis’s Army, will Spend in the Back Parts of Virginia, Maryland and Pensilvania, will be great Resource to the People. And all the Soldiers of that army who can work upon Farms or at any Kind of Trade, will be usefully employed for the united states and profitably for themselves.

Fine Crops in America and Paper Money abolished.1 Cash not scarce.


RC (Adams Papers).


JA paraphrases Cotton Tufts’ letter of 29 Oct. ( Adams Family Correspondence , 4:239).