Papers of John Adams, volume 13

From Francis Dana, 1 July 1782 Dana, Francis JA


From Francis Dana, 1 July 1782 Dana, Francis Adams, John
From Francis Dana
St: Petersbourg June 21st. 1782 O.S. 1 July N.S. My Dear Sir

My last to you was of the 12/23 of May. I have not received any from you since yours of the 28th. of April.1 Enclosed you will receive the latter part of my letter to Mr: Livingston, which I pray you to forward with a proper direction.2 I send them open to you for your private Information. The matter these mentioned is what is alluded to in my last. Since the new British Ministry have consented upon the intercession of Her Imperial Majesty, to treat with the Dutch upon the basis of their old Marine Treaty, and the principles of the Armed Neutrality, She seems to press the business of Mediation with greater vigour. Whether a particular peace between Britain and Holland can be now brought about by Her Majesty's exertions, you are better able to say than I am, and I shou'd be glad of your sentiments upon this subject. I am inclined to think it cannot be, and that the whole may issue in a general Mediation on the part of Her Majesty and the Emperor, whenever the English can be brot to consent to the Admission of our Ministers into the Congress, and not before. This is certainly upon the whole the most just, and I think the only rational method which remains to be adapted, with any prospect of Success, in the present state of affairs. If you were to hear the Anglomanes of this Country speak of the late successes of the British, you wou'd think they imagined the power of the whole House of Bourbon beaten down so as never to rise again, and that the British had gained a complete and lasting Triumph over all their Enemies: So ignorant are they of the real relative force of the Belligerent Powers. Time, I presume will destroy these absurdities and their momentaneous effects. The war, if it shou'd not be closed in the course of the next winter by a general pacification, may rage with new vigour on all parts. The late emancipation of Ireland may give some additional force to our Enemies, and we ought to be pre-141pared to meet it.3 Abating this circumstance, I rejoice in the recovered liberty of that long and cruelly oppressed Country. This great event, as well as those of the freedom of the Commerce and of the Navigation of all the Nations of Europe, are undoubtedly consequences of our Revolution; and the latter most certainly must depend upon the establishment of our Independence. This truth I think, is so obvious to all of them that it cannot be overlooked. If they are not therefore absolutely blind to their own essential Interests, or so corrupt as to disregard them, they must openly or secretly favour and support it. But, my dear Friend, I am almost weary of this pitiful existence; in waiting for what is called “the proper moment;” and I may suddenly put in execution what I have before told you I have seriously contemplated, and return to America by the first opportunity which may offer.

I beg you to present my regards to Mr: T. and to tell him tho' I have not wrote him for so long a time, yet I have not forgot him, or my obligations to him for his former favours.

I am, Dear Sir, your much obliged Friend & obedient humble Servt:


RC (Adams Papers). Filmed at 21 June, Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 357.


Vol. 12:467–468.


Probably Dana's letter of 28 June to Robert R. Livingston (Wharton, Dipl. Corr. Amer. Rev. , 5:528–532).


On 17 May both houses of the British Parliament voted to repeal the Declaratory Act of 1720, which had permitted it “to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to bind the kingdom and the people of Ireland.” This resolved a longstanding grievance and finally established Irish legislative independence (Gerard O'Brien, Anglo-Irish Politics in the Age of Grattan and Pitt, Dublin, 1987, p. 59). For the texts of the Declaratory Act of 1720 and of the 1782 act repealing it, see same, p. 176.

From Jan van Heukelom & Zoon, 1 July 1782 Heukelom, Jan van, & Zoon (business) JA


From Jan van Heukelom & Zoon, 1 July 1782 Heukelom, Jan van, & Zoon (business) Adams, John
From Jan van Heukelom & Zoon
Leÿden the 1 Julÿ 1782 Honourable Sir

We have the Pleasure to inform ÿour Excellencÿ; that we received this morning by the Firebrand Capt Caleb Trowbridge a letter from the Honbe: R. Cranch Esq. he charged üs with his kindest regards to your Excellencÿ and begged we would inform ÿoür Excellencÿ, that your dear Charles after a tedious passage at last arrived safe to the arms of his Mother in perfect health, he hopes that ÿoür Excellencÿ will receive letters bÿ this Same conveyance from your Ladÿ;1 Your Excellencÿ's familÿ being all well.


As to oür Büsiness; Mr. Cranch Sold alreadÿ two Pieces of cloth for us, with a good profit, and returned to us the amount in á bill of exchange: he understood our letter and thinks that a verÿ Large and adventageoüs Vent for our Cloths maÿ be had in this waÿ; he Sends üs Samples of the most fashionable Caloürs in America with proper instructions when it is the best time to Ship them; in Short we are So pleased with this Gentleman's behaviour towards us that we flatter ourselves to have Soon established á Solid and agreeable Correspondence to our Mütüal advantage and here we cannot but present our Sincerest thanks to your Excellencÿ whose kindness so afforded üs this opportunitÿ.

We beg oür Compliments to Mr Thaxter. & are with great respect Honourable Sir Yoür Most obedient & Humble Servants.

John van Heukelom & Zoon

RC (Adams Papers).


For letters from AA, Isaac Smith Sr., and Richard Cranch likely brought by Trowbridge, see John Thaxter's letter of 30 June, note 1, above.